JP2009174233A - Form device for rectangular column-shaped concrete structure, and construction method of rectangular-column-shaped concrete structure using it - Google Patents

Form device for rectangular column-shaped concrete structure, and construction method of rectangular-column-shaped concrete structure using it Download PDF

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JP2009174233A
JP2009174233A JP2008015703A JP2008015703A JP2009174233A JP 2009174233 A JP2009174233 A JP 2009174233A JP 2008015703 A JP2008015703 A JP 2008015703A JP 2008015703 A JP2008015703 A JP 2008015703A JP 2009174233 A JP2009174233 A JP 2009174233A
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concrete
formwork
shaped
members
prismatic
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JP4164117B1 (en
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Chosuke Takamori
長助 高森
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Takacho Kensetsu:Kk
株式会社高長建設
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<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To enable curtailing of the time for assembling and disassembling form segments in a form device for a rectangular column-shaped concrete structure, by which considerable reduction of the construction period and the cost can be materialized. <P>SOLUTION: The form device for constructing the rectangular column-shaped concrete structure is provided with a rectangular column-shaped form having an inner peripheral surface corresponding to the outer peripheral surface of the rectangular column-shaped concrete structure. The form is obtained by assembling four pieces of wooden plywood corresponding to each face to have a rectangular column shape. A plurality of wooden supporting members are fixed at predetermined intervals along the vertical direction of the outer peripheral part of the form. A plurality of holding members are fixed to the outer peripheral part of the wooden supporting members at intervals in the vertical direction of the form. Each of the holding members is structured with two sets of L-letter-shaped form segments, each of which is formed by welding two adjacent shape steels. Two sets of fastening members are arranged on each of joint corners, where the two L-letter-shaped members face each other, in a manner of striding the two perpendicular shape steels in the x and y directions. An expansion means is arranged to allow the two L-letter-shaped members to separate from each other in the x and y directions when the fastening members are loosened. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、角柱状のコンクリート構造物を構築する場合に好適な型枠装置およびそれを用いた角柱状コンクリート構造物の構築方法に関する。   The present invention relates to a formwork apparatus suitable for constructing a prismatic concrete structure and a construction method of a prismatic concrete structure using the same.
鉄筋コンクリート製の角柱状の構造物は各種に広く用いられている。そして、鉄筋コンクリート製の角柱状の構造物を作るに際しては、従来、まず、地上において構造物用の鉄筋を配筋しておき、これを所定の位置に立設する。次に、立設された鉄筋の外側に、移動足場や脚立を用いて複数の型枠分割体を組み付けてコンクリート型枠を作る。次に、このコンクリート型枠の内部にコンクリートを打設する。最後に、コンクリートが硬化した後、移動足場や脚立を用いて複数の型枠分割体を分解し、コンクリート型枠を取り外す。
このような鉄筋コンクリート製の構造物を多数作る場合、特に移動足場や脚立を用いた型枠分割体の組み付け作業、分解作業は手間がかかり面倒で、このような一連の作業を多数回繰り返すのでは、作業効率が悪く、そのため工期が長くなり、また、施工コストも上昇する。
Reinforced concrete prismatic structures are widely used. In order to make a prismatic structure made of reinforced concrete, conventionally, a reinforcing bar for a structure is first arranged on the ground, and this is erected at a predetermined position. Next, a concrete formwork is made by assembling a plurality of formwork divisions on the outside of the reinforced steel bars using a moving scaffold or a stepladder. Next, concrete is placed inside the concrete formwork. Finally, after the concrete is hardened, a plurality of formwork divisions are disassembled using a moving scaffold or a stepladder, and the concrete formwork is removed.
When making a lot of such reinforced concrete structures, the assembly work and disassembly work of the formwork using moving scaffolds and stepladders are particularly troublesome and cumbersome. The work efficiency is poor, and therefore the construction period is lengthened and the construction cost is also increased.
また、スピード施工やコストダウン等の要請から、壁、スラブの分離打ち工法が急速に増加する傾向にある。この場合、面板に縦、横端太材を取り付けて、予め一体化した大型の面型枠を柱の面毎に作成し、クレーンを用いて現場に搬入、組立、解体を行なう工法が主流になっている。
ところで、面板を現場において、先に取り付けた後、これに端太材を取り付ける従来のやりかたでは、型枠技術者や熟練工を多数必要とする上、セパレータの取付等もあって工程が複雑になり好ましくない。
また、予め一体化した面型枠を使用する場合には、面毎の面型枠を床面の柱位置に搬入して、組立てる際には、面型枠同士を接続させたり、レベルや建入の調整をして位置決めを行なう必要があるが、面型枠が大型で重量が大きいため、これらの作業には多大な時間と労力を必要とする。
Also, due to demands for speed construction, cost reduction, etc., wall and slab separation methods tend to increase rapidly. In this case, the mainstream is a method of attaching large vertical and horizontal thick members to the face plate, creating a pre-integrated large surface formwork for each surface of the pillar, and carrying it to the site using a crane, assembling and dismantling. It has become.
By the way, after the face plate is first attached on site, the conventional method of attaching the thick end material to this requires a lot of formwork engineers and skilled workers, and the process becomes complicated due to the installation of the separator and the like. It is not preferable.
In addition, when using pre-integrated surface formwork, the surface formwork for each surface is carried into the pillar position on the floor surface, and when assembling, the surface formwork can be connected to each other, However, since the surface mold is large and heavy, these operations require a great deal of time and labor.
さらに、近年、角柱状の構造物の構築用として組立てや解体が容易で、しかも面型枠の現場での接続や位置決めを迅速に行えるよう、4つの面型枠のうち、隣接する2面をコーナー部で結合して予めL型に形成しておき、これら2つのL型の型枠を現場において4角を形成するように合わせて立設し、2つのL型の合わせ部をボルト等の固定金具で締め付け固定するものが知られている(例えば、特許文献1および2参照。)。   Furthermore, in recent years, as for the construction of a prismatic structure, it is easy to assemble and dismantle, and in addition, two adjacent surfaces of four surface molds can be quickly connected and positioned in the field. Joined at the corners to form L-shapes in advance, these two L-shaped molds are erected so as to form four corners at the site, and the two L-shaped fittings are connected to bolts, etc. A device that is fastened and fixed with a fixing metal fitting is known (for example, see Patent Documents 1 and 2).
一方、円柱状の柱を立設するための型枠として、柱の外周面に対応した内周面を有する円筒状のコンクリート型枠を備え、前記コンクリート型枠は前記柱の周方向に分割され、合わさった状態で前記内周面を形成する複数の型枠分割体からなり、前記コンクリート型枠の外周部に、前記複数の型枠分割体をその半径方向に移動可能に支持すると共に、前記複数の型枠分割体を合わさった状態に保持する保持手段が、コンクリート型枠の上下方向に間隔をおいて複数設けられ、前記複数の型枠分割体の内部にコンクリートを打設し、コンクリートが硬化したのち前記保持手段の保持を解除し、各型枠分割体の下端に鉄筋コンクリート製の円柱状の柱の外周面上を転動するように輪体を取り付け、各複数の型枠分割体を、上方でかつそれぞれ前記円柱状の柱の半径方向外方から吊り上げるようにしたものが知られている(例えば、特許文献3参照。)。
特開平7−62864号公報 特開平9−203206号公報 特開平10−25891号公報
On the other hand, a cylindrical concrete mold having an inner peripheral surface corresponding to the outer peripheral surface of the column is provided as a mold for standing the columnar column, and the concrete mold is divided in the circumferential direction of the column. A plurality of formwork divisions forming the inner peripheral surface in a combined state, and supporting the plurality of formwork divisions on the outer periphery of the concrete formwork so as to be movable in the radial direction, A plurality of holding means for holding the plurality of formwork divisions in a combined state are provided at intervals in the vertical direction of the concrete formwork, and concrete is placed inside the plurality of formwork divisions, After curing, the holding means is released, and a ring is attached to the lower end of each formwork division so as to roll on the outer peripheral surface of the columnar column made of reinforced concrete, and each of the plurality of formwork divisions is attached. Above and above each Those as lifted from radially outward of the columnar pillars are known (e.g., see Patent Document 3.).
JP-A-7-62864 JP-A-9-203206 Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-25891
しかし、特許文献1及び2記載のL型型枠を用いたものは、複数の構造物を構築する場合、2つのL型型枠を構築物の位置で組み立て、コンクリート打設後、これら2つのL型型枠を完全に分離して次の構造物の位置に運搬し、再組み立てを行わなければならないため、2つのL型型枠の位置決め等に依然として時間および労力を必要としていた。
また、特許文献3記載のものは、円柱状の柱を立設するための型枠としては適用可能であるが、角柱状の構造物には適用できないものであった。角柱状の構造物は4面から形成されるため、4面からなる型枠を締付けおよび緩める構造が上記特許文献3のようにバンドを用いた単純な構成では不可能であった。
本発明者は、角柱状の構造物に適した型枠について試行錯誤を繰り返し、検討を重ねた結果、本発明を得るに至ったものである。
However, when the L-formwork described in Patent Documents 1 and 2 is used to construct a plurality of structures, the two L-formworks are assembled at the position of the structure, and after placing the concrete, Since the mold form must be completely separated and transported to the position of the next structure and reassembled, time and labor are still required for positioning the two L mold forms.
Moreover, although the thing of patent document 3 is applicable as a formwork for standing up a columnar column, it was not applicable to a prismatic structure. Since the prismatic structure is formed from four surfaces, a structure for tightening and loosening a four-frame mold cannot be achieved with a simple structure using a band as in Patent Document 3 described above.
As a result of repeated trial and error and repeated studies on a formwork suitable for a prismatic structure, the present inventor has obtained the present invention.
本発明は、角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置およびそれを用いた角柱状コンクリート構造物の構築方法において、型枠分割体を緊締あるいは緩めるだけで簡単に型枠装置の設置、抜取り、移設および再設置ができるようにすることにより、型枠分割体の組み付け、分解に要する作業時間を省略することができ、これにより工期の短縮化、コストダウンを可能とした型枠装置とそれを用いた構築方法を提供することを目的とするものである。   The present invention relates to a formwork apparatus for a prismatic concrete structure and a method for constructing a prismatic concrete structure using the same, in which the formwork apparatus can be easily installed, removed, and relocated simply by tightening or loosening the formwork division. By enabling re-installation, the work time required for assembling and disassembling the formwork divisions can be omitted, thereby enabling the use of the formwork apparatus that can shorten the construction period and reduce costs. The purpose is to provide a construction method.
上記目的を達成するため本発明の角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置は、角柱状のコンクリート構造物を構築するための型枠装置であって、前記角柱状のコンクリート構造物の外周面に対応した内周面を有する角柱状の型枠を備え、該型枠は各面に対応する4片の木製合板を角柱状に組立て形成されてなり、前記型枠の外周部の上下方向に沿って所定間隔で複数の木製支持材を固着し、該木製支持材の外周部に型枠の上下方向に間隔をおいて保持部材を複数固着し、該保持部材を隣接する2辺の形鋼が溶接されれた2つのL字状部材から形成して前記型枠、木製支持材およびL字状部材からなる2組のL字状型枠分割体を構成し、前記2つのL字状部材の対向する接合角部のそれぞれに、直交する2つの形鋼のx方向およびy方向に跨って2組の緊締部材を設け、該緊締部材を弛緩した際、2つのL字状部材をx方向およびy方向に離間させる拡張手段を備えることを特徴としている。
また、本発明の角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置は、前記木製支持材を木製トラス材から形成し、前記形鋼をH型鋼とし、前記緊締部材がボルト・ナットからなることを特徴としている。
また、本発明の角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置は、前記拡張手段が、2組のジャッキおよび棒状部材の先端に当接片を溶接した押し金物からなることを特徴としている。
In order to achieve the above object, a formwork device for a prismatic concrete structure according to the present invention is a formwork device for constructing a prismatic concrete structure, on the outer peripheral surface of the prismatic concrete structure. A prismatic mold having a corresponding inner peripheral surface is provided, and the mold is formed by assembling four pieces of wooden plywood corresponding to each surface into a prismatic shape, along the vertical direction of the outer periphery of the mold A plurality of wooden support members are fixed at predetermined intervals, and a plurality of holding members are fixed to the outer periphery of the wooden support member at intervals in the vertical direction of the formwork. Two L-shaped members formed from two L-shaped members welded to form two sets of L-shaped mold divisions composed of the mold, the wooden support material, and the L-shaped member. It straddles the x-direction and y-direction of two orthogonal cross sections at each of the opposing joint corners. Two pairs of clamping elements provided, upon relaxing the 該緊 clamping member, is characterized in that it comprises extension means to separate the two L-shaped member in the x and y directions.
The formwork apparatus for a prismatic concrete structure according to the present invention is characterized in that the wooden support material is formed from a wooden truss material, the shape steel is H-shaped steel, and the fastening member is a bolt / nut. Yes.
Moreover, the formwork apparatus for a prismatic concrete structure according to the present invention is characterized in that the expansion means is composed of two sets of jacks and a pressed metal piece having a contact piece welded to the tip of a rod-shaped member.
また、本発明の角柱状コンクリート構造物の構築方法は、角柱状のコンクリート構造物を構築するに際して、型枠、木製支持材および保持部材からなる2組のL字状型枠分割体をの対向する接合角部をx方向およびy方向に配設された緊締部材により緊締し、角柱状のコンクリート構造物の外周面に対応した内周面を形成し、前記型枠内にコンクリートを打設し、コンクリートが硬化したのち前記緊締部材を弛緩させ、拡張手段により2組のL字状型枠分割体をx方向およびy方向にわずかに離間させ、その状態で上方から吊り上げ、離脱後、前記緊締部材を緊締し、次の角柱状のコンクリート構造物の周囲に吊り下げ、型枠内にコンクリートを打設することを特徴としている。   The method for constructing a prismatic concrete structure according to the present invention is such that when constructing a prismatic concrete structure, two sets of L-shaped formwork divisions composed of a formwork, a wooden support material and a holding member are opposed to each other. The joint corners to be tightened by tightening members arranged in the x and y directions to form an inner peripheral surface corresponding to the outer peripheral surface of the prismatic concrete structure, and the concrete is placed in the mold After the concrete has hardened, the fastening members are loosened, the two sets of L-shaped form divisions are slightly separated in the x-direction and the y-direction by the expansion means, and are lifted from above in this state, and after the separation, the fastening is performed. It is characterized in that the members are tightened, suspended around the next prismatic concrete structure, and concrete is placed in the mold.
本発明は、角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置およびそれを用いた角柱状コンクリート構造物の構築方法において、型枠分割体を緊締あるいは緩めるだけで簡単に型枠装置の設置、抜取り、移設および再設置ができるため、型枠技術者や熟練工を必要とせず、型枠分割体の組み付け、分解に要する作業時間を省略することができ、これにより大幅な工期の短縮化、作業人員の削減、コストダウンを可能とすることができる。
また、本発明は、構築現場において型枠にセパレータを取付けることが不要であり、打設されたコンクリート構造物のセパレータ部の補修の必要もない。
さらに、本発明は、特に、構築する構造物の数が多いほどその効果が倍増される。
さらにまた、本発明は、円柱状のコンクリート構造物ではなく、角柱状のコンクリート構造物を、大幅な工期の短縮、作業人員の削減およびコストダウンを担保しつつ可能にする点に大きな特徴を有する。
The present invention relates to a formwork apparatus for a prismatic concrete structure and a method for constructing a prismatic concrete structure using the same, in which the formwork apparatus can be easily installed, removed, and relocated simply by tightening or loosening the formwork division. Since it can be re-installed, it does not require a formwork engineer or a skilled worker, and the work time required to assemble and disassemble the formwork can be omitted, which greatly shortens the work period and reduces the workforce. Cost can be reduced.
Further, the present invention does not require a separator to be attached to the formwork at the construction site, and there is no need to repair the separator portion of the placed concrete structure.
Furthermore, the effect of the present invention is doubled as the number of structures to be constructed increases.
Furthermore, the present invention has a great feature in that it enables a prismatic concrete structure, not a columnar concrete structure, while substantially shortening the construction period, reducing the number of workers, and reducing costs. .
本発明の角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置およびそれを用いた角柱状コンクリート構造物の構築方法を実施するための最良の形態を図面を参照しながら詳細に説明するが、本発明はこれに限定されて解釈されるものではなく、本発明の範囲を逸脱しない限りにおいて、当業者の知識に基づいて、種々の変更、修正、改良を加えうるものである。   BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION The best mode for carrying out a formwork apparatus for a prismatic concrete structure and a method for constructing a prismatic concrete structure using the same will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. The present invention is not construed as being limited thereto, and various changes, modifications, and improvements can be made based on the knowledge of those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the present invention.
図1は、本実施の形態に係る角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置の平面図、図2は、同正面図であり、図1および図2はコンクリートの打設ができる状態に型枠装置がセットされた様子を示している。また、図3は、図1のA部拡大図である。   FIG. 1 is a plan view of a formwork apparatus for a prismatic concrete structure according to the present embodiment, FIG. 2 is a front view of the formwork apparatus, and FIGS. 1 and 2 show the formwork in a state where concrete can be placed. It shows how the device is set. FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of part A of FIG.
角柱状のコンクリート構造物を構築するための型枠装置は、角柱状のコンクリート構造物の外周面に対応した内周面を有する角柱状の型枠1を備えている。この型枠1は角柱状のコンクリート構造物の外周面の各面に対応する4片の木製合板を角柱状に組立て形成されており、各1片は厚さ12mmの木製合板が2枚積層され、剛性および耐久性を有するものである。また、型枠1の内面がコンクリート打設により損傷を受けた場合でも、2枚積層された木製合板の内側の木製合板のみ交換することにより簡単に修復することができる。
型枠1の上下方向について、例えば、既成の1800mmの長さの木製合板をつなぎ合わせて必要な長さに形成する。
A formwork apparatus for constructing a prismatic concrete structure includes a prismatic formwork 1 having an inner peripheral surface corresponding to the outer peripheral surface of the prismatic concrete structure. This formwork 1 is formed by assembling four pieces of wooden plywood corresponding to each surface of the outer peripheral surface of a prismatic concrete structure into a prismatic shape, and each piece is made of two laminated wood plywoods with a thickness of 12 mm. It has rigidity and durability. Further, even when the inner surface of the mold 1 is damaged by concrete placement, it can be easily repaired by replacing only the wooden plywood inside the two laminated wooden plywood.
About the up-down direction of the formwork 1, for example, the existing wooden plywood with a length of 1800 mm is connected and formed into a required length.
型枠1の外周部の上下方向に沿って所定間隔で複数の木製支持材2をビス等で固着し、型枠1がコンクリートの内圧で外側に膨出しないように支える。この木製支持材2は、所定の間隔を有して平行に伸びる2つの木製角材3の間を長手方向にトラスを組むようにして配置されたトラス材4で2つの木製角材3を一体化したトラス構造に形成されている。木製支持材2の配置間隔は設計的に決められるが、例えば、型枠1が800×800mmの寸法の場合、約200mm間隔で4列設けられる。   A plurality of wooden supports 2 are fixed with screws or the like at predetermined intervals along the vertical direction of the outer periphery of the mold 1 so that the mold 1 does not bulge outward due to the internal pressure of concrete. This wooden support material 2 is a truss structure in which two wooden square members 3 are integrated with a truss member 4 arranged so as to form a truss in the longitudinal direction between two wooden square members 3 extending in parallel at a predetermined interval. Is formed. The arrangement interval of the wooden support members 2 is determined by design. For example, when the formwork 1 has a size of 800 × 800 mm, four rows are provided at intervals of about 200 mm.
木製支持材2の外周部には、図2に示すように、型枠1の上下方向に間隔をおいて保持部材5が複数固着される。保持部材5の上下方向間隔は、設計的に決められるが、例えば約1200mm程度である。この保持部材5は、H型鋼からなり、全体として4角形をなしており、隣接する2辺のH形鋼がその接合部において溶接6された2つのL字状部材5−1、5−2から形成される。その際、H型鋼は、そのウエブが水平(図1の紙面に沿う面)に、また、フランジが鉛直(図1の紙面に垂直な面)に向くように配置される。
このようにして、型枠1、木製支持材2およびL字状部材5−1、5−2からなる2組のL字状型枠分割体が構成される。
図1および2において、左右の木製支持材2のトラス材4の空間を貫通するように1対の吊り金具34、34が設けられている。この吊り金具34はパイプで形成されており、後記する2組のL字状型枠分割体からなる型枠装置の吊上げ時において吊り上げ装置30のワイヤ32が巻架けられるものであり、比較的上方に設けられる。また、右側の木製支持材2のトラス材4の空間を貫通するように1つの吊り金具35が型枠装置の上端近傍に設けられている。この吊り金具35は、地上で横たわるように組立てられた型枠装置をクレーン等で引き起こす際に、ワイヤを巻架けるためのものであり、これにより型枠装置の一部に過大な力が集中することが防止される。
As shown in FIG. 2, a plurality of holding members 5 are fixed to the outer periphery of the wooden support member 2 at intervals in the vertical direction of the mold 1. The vertical distance between the holding members 5 is determined by design, but is about 1200 mm, for example. The holding member 5 is made of H-shaped steel and has a quadrangular shape as a whole, and two L-shaped members 5-1 and 5-2 in which two adjacent H-shaped steels are welded 6 at their joints. Formed from. At that time, the H-shaped steel is arranged such that the web faces horizontally (a surface along the plane of FIG. 1) and the flange faces vertical (a plane perpendicular to the plane of FIG. 1).
In this way, two sets of L-shaped formwork divisions composed of the mold 1, the wooden support 2 and the L-shaped members 5-1, 5-2 are configured.
1 and 2, a pair of suspension fittings 34 are provided so as to penetrate through the space of the truss member 4 of the left and right wooden support members 2. The suspension fitting 34 is formed of a pipe, and the wire 32 of the lifting device 30 is wound around the lifting device 30 when lifting a formwork device composed of two sets of L-shaped formwork divisions to be described later. Is provided. Moreover, one hanging bracket 35 is provided in the vicinity of the upper end of the formwork device so as to penetrate the space of the truss member 4 of the right wooden support member 2. The hanging bracket 35 is used to wind a wire when the formwork apparatus assembled to lie on the ground is caused by a crane or the like, and thereby excessive force is concentrated on a part of the formwork apparatus. It is prevented.
2つのL字状部材5−1、5−2の対向する接合角部a、bのそれぞれに、直交する2つのH形鋼のx方向およびy方向に跨って2組の緊締部材8、9が設けられている。
一方の緊締部材8は、x方向(図1の横方向)に、他方の緊締部材9は、y方向(図1の縦方向)に配置され、2つのH形鋼をx方向およびy方向にそれぞれ緊締、あるいは、弛緩する。
Two sets of tightening members 8 and 9 straddling the x- and y-directions of two H-shaped steels that are orthogonal to each of the opposing joining corners a and b of the two L-shaped members 5-1 and 5-2. Is provided.
One fastening member 8 is arranged in the x direction (lateral direction in FIG. 1), and the other fastening member 9 is arranged in the y direction (longitudinal direction in FIG. 1), and two H-section steels are arranged in the x direction and the y direction. Each tightens or relaxes.
図3には、接合角部bの拡大された状態が示されている。
接合角部bにおいては、一方のL字状部材5−1を形成する2つのH型鋼10、11のうちy方向に配置されたH型鋼11端部内側面に他方のL字状部材5−2を形成する2つのH型鋼12、13のうちx方向に配置されたH型鋼13の端部が当接するようになっている。
なお、接合角部aにおいても接合角部bと対称的ではあるが同様の構成となっているので説明を省略する。
接合角部bにおいて、x方向に配置された緊締部材8は、ボルト8−1及びナット8−2からなり、フック状に曲げられたボルト8−1の先端側がH形鋼13のウエブ14の孔15に嵌入され、ボルト8−1の基端側がH型鋼13のウエブ14に沿うようにして延び、H形鋼11のフランジ16の孔17を貫通してその突出基部のネジ部にナット8−2が螺合されている。
また、y方向に配置された緊締部材9は、ボルト9−1及びナット9−2からなり、フック状に曲げられたボルト9−1の先端側がH形鋼11の内側のフランジ18の孔19に嵌入され、ボルト9−1の基端側がH型鋼11の内側フランジ18に沿うようにして延び、H形鋼13のフランジ20の孔21を貫通してその突出基部のネジ部にナット9−2が螺合されている。
FIG. 3 shows an enlarged state of the joint corner b.
In the joining corner part b, the other L-shaped member 5-2 is arranged on the inner surface of the end of the H-shaped steel 11 arranged in the y direction among the two H-shaped steels 10 and 11 forming one L-shaped member 5-1. Of the two H-shaped steels 12 and 13 that form the shape, the ends of the H-shaped steels 13 arranged in the x direction come into contact with each other.
It should be noted that the joint corner portion a is symmetric with the joint corner portion b, but has the same configuration, and thus the description thereof is omitted.
The fastening member 8 arranged in the x direction at the joint corner b is composed of a bolt 8-1 and a nut 8-2, and the tip end side of the bolt 8-1 bent into a hook shape is the web 14 of the H-section steel 13. The bolt 8-1 is inserted into the hole 15, the base end side of the bolt 8-1 extends along the web 14 of the H-shaped steel 13, passes through the hole 17 of the flange 16 of the H-shaped steel 11, and the nut 8 is inserted into the threaded portion of the protruding base. -2 is screwed together.
The tightening member 9 arranged in the y direction includes a bolt 9-1 and a nut 9-2, and the front end side of the bolt 9-1 bent into a hook shape is a hole 19 in the flange 18 inside the H-section steel 11. And the base end side of the bolt 9-1 extends along the inner flange 18 of the H-shaped steel 11, passes through the hole 21 of the flange 20 of the H-shaped steel 13, and the nut 9- 2 is screwed together.
H形鋼11のフランジ16の孔17のうち内側のフランジ18の孔、および、H形鋼13のフランジ20の孔21のうち内側の孔は、直交する2つのH型鋼11、13の相対移動(x、y方向にそれぞれ約数mm程度)を許容するように、ボルト径より大きく開口されている。例えば、ボルト径が16mmの場合、これらの孔の径は30mm程度とされる。
なお、この例ではボルト8−1はH形鋼11、13のウエブの手前側に配置され、ボルト9−1はH形鋼11、13のウエブの裏側に配置されているため、これらのボルト8−1、9−1が干渉することはない。
Among the holes 17 of the flange 16 of the H-shaped steel 11, the holes of the inner flange 18 and the inner hole of the holes 21 of the flange 20 of the H-shaped steel 13 are relatively moved by the two H-shaped steels 11 and 13 orthogonal to each other. The opening is larger than the bolt diameter so as to allow (about several mm each in the x and y directions). For example, when the bolt diameter is 16 mm, the diameter of these holes is about 30 mm.
In this example, since the bolt 8-1 is disposed on the front side of the web of the H-section steels 11 and 13, and the bolt 9-1 is disposed on the back side of the web of the H-section steels 11 and 13, these bolts are provided. 8-1 and 9-1 do not interfere with each other.
図4は、前記型枠1、木製支持材2および保持部材5からなる型枠装置に角柱状のコンクリート構造物が形成された後、該コンクリート構造物から型枠装置を抜き取る作業を説明するための平面図である。
型枠装置の上下方向に複数設置された保持部材5の少なくとも最上段および最下段の保持部材5のL字状部材5−1、5−2にそれぞれ拡張手段22、23をx方向およびy方向に向けて設置する。
拡張手段22、23は同一構造を有しており、ジャッキ24と棒状部材25の先端に当接片26を溶接した押し金物から構成されている。
図5は、図4のA−A断面図であり、当接片26は、図5に示すように棒状部材25の上側に接するようにして平行に設けられた板状部材の側端に角材を固着したもので、板状部材がH型鋼の内側のフランジ乗り越えて延びており、かつ、角材がフランジの上端より下側に位置するように形成されている。
保持部材5のL字状部材5−1、5−2の2つの直交するH形鋼の溶接部6、6にジャッキ24、24をその底部がH型鋼の外側フランジに当接するように設置し、当接片26、26が接合角部aにおけるH型鋼のフランジに当接するように押し金物を配置する。
その際、y方向に配置された拡張手段23の当接片26がL字状部材5−2のH型鋼の内側フランジを乗り越えて他方のL字状部材5−1のH型鋼の内側フランジに当接するように配置される。x方向に配置された拡張手段22の方は、当接片26の端面がL字状部材5−2のH型鋼の内側フランジに当接するように配置すればよい。
FIG. 4 is a diagram for explaining an operation of extracting a formwork device from the concrete structure after a prismatic concrete structure is formed on the formwork device composed of the formwork 1, the wooden support material 2 and the holding member 5. FIG.
The expansion means 22 and 23 are attached to the L-shaped members 5-1 and 5-2 of the holding members 5 installed in the vertical direction of the mold apparatus at least at the uppermost and lowermost holding members 5, respectively, in the x and y directions. Install toward.
The expansion means 22 and 23 have the same structure, and are constituted by a push metal in which a contact piece 26 is welded to the tip of the jack 24 and the rod-like member 25.
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line AA of FIG. 4, and the contact piece 26 is a square member at the side end of the plate-like member provided in parallel so as to contact the upper side of the rod-like member 25 as shown in FIG. The plate-like member extends over the flange inside the H-shaped steel, and the square member is formed below the upper end of the flange.
The jacks 24 and 24 are installed on the two orthogonal H-shaped steel welds 6 and 6 of the L-shaped members 5-1 and 5-2 of the holding member 5 so that their bottoms are in contact with the outer flange of the H-shaped steel. The pressing pieces are arranged so that the contact pieces 26 and 26 are in contact with the flange of the H-shaped steel at the joining corner portion a.
At that time, the abutting piece 26 of the expansion means 23 arranged in the y direction gets over the inner flange of the H-shaped steel of the L-shaped member 5-2 and becomes the inner flange of the H-shaped steel of the other L-shaped member 5-1. It arrange | positions so that it may contact | abut. The expansion means 22 arranged in the x direction may be arranged so that the end face of the contact piece 26 contacts the inner flange of the H-shaped steel of the L-shaped member 5-2.
この状態において、コンクリート構造物から型枠装置を抜き取るためには、まず、すべての保持部材5の緊締部材8、9のナット8−2、9−2を約5〜10mm程度緩めておく。次に、一方の拡張手段22のジャッキ24を伸張させると、棒状部材25を介して当接片26がL字状部材5−2のH型鋼の内側フランジをx方向に押し出し、型枠装置のx方向寸法が拡張される。次に、他方の拡張手段23のジャッキ24を伸張させると、棒状部材25を介して当接片26がL字状部材5−1のH型鋼の内側フランジをy方向に押し出し、型枠装置のy方向寸法が拡張される。このとき、予め緩めておいたナットに外向きの力が作用するのでナットとボルトのネジ部同士が密着し、その位置でナットが固定されるので、2組のL字状型枠分割体は拡張された状態で保持される。これらの拡張作業は、すべての拡張手段を同時に操作してもよく、あるいは、順次、行っても良い。   In this state, in order to extract the formwork device from the concrete structure, first, the nuts 8-2 and 9-2 of the fastening members 8 and 9 of all the holding members 5 are loosened by about 5 to 10 mm. Next, when the jack 24 of one of the expansion means 22 is extended, the contact piece 26 pushes out the inner flange of the H-shaped steel of the L-shaped member 5-2 in the x direction through the rod-shaped member 25, thereby The x dimension is expanded. Next, when the jack 24 of the other expansion means 23 is extended, the contact piece 26 pushes out the inner flange of the H-shaped steel of the L-shaped member 5-1 in the y direction via the rod-shaped member 25, and The y dimension is expanded. At this time, since an outward force acts on the nut that has been loosened in advance, the screw portions of the nut and the bolt are in close contact with each other, and the nut is fixed at that position. Retained in an expanded state. These expansion operations may be performed simultaneously on all the expansion means, or may be performed sequentially.
型枠装置がx方向およびy方向に拡張されたら、図6に示すように、クレーン31に吊下げられた吊り上げ装置30のワイヤ32、32を吊り金具34、34に巻架け、クレーン31を上昇させ、型枠装置をコンクリート構造物33から抜き取り、離脱後、一旦型枠装置を地面に仮置きして緊締部材8、9を緊締し、その後、型枠装置を次のコンクリート構造物の構築位置に吊下げる。   When the formwork device is expanded in the x direction and the y direction, as shown in FIG. 6, the wires 32, 32 of the lifting device 30 suspended from the crane 31 are wound around the hanging brackets 34, 34, and the crane 31 is raised. The mold apparatus is removed from the concrete structure 33, and after detachment, the mold apparatus is temporarily placed on the ground and the fastening members 8 and 9 are tightened, and then the mold apparatus is installed at the next concrete structure construction position. Hang on.
次のコンクリート構造物の構築位置に吊下げられた型枠装置は、図2に示すように、コンクリ−トが打設できる位置にセットされる。
その際、型枠装置が鉛直方向に正しく立設されるように、図1および図2に示すように、ベースプレート27と型枠装置との間に、型枠装置を押すためのパイプサポート28および型枠装置を引くためのチエーン29が直交する2面にそれぞれ2組装着されている。作業者は、水準器を見ながらパイプサポート28およびチエーン29を操作して型枠装置が鉛直方向に正しく立設する。
As shown in FIG. 2, the formwork apparatus suspended at the construction position of the next concrete structure is set at a position where the concrete can be placed.
At that time, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a pipe support 28 for pushing the formwork device between the base plate 27 and the formwork device, so that the formwork device is correctly erected in the vertical direction, and Two sets of chains 29 for pulling the formwork device are mounted on two orthogonal surfaces. The operator operates the pipe support 28 and the chain 29 while looking at the level, so that the formwork device is set up correctly in the vertical direction.
本実施の形態に係る角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置の平面図である。It is a top view of the formwork apparatus for prismatic concrete structures based on this Embodiment. 本実施の形態に係る角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置の正面図である。It is a front view of the formwork apparatus for prismatic concrete structures concerning this embodiment. 図1のA部拡大図である。It is the A section enlarged view of FIG. コンクリート構造物から型枠装置を抜き取る作業を説明するための平面図である。It is a top view for demonstrating the operation | work which extracts a formwork apparatus from a concrete structure. 図4のA−A断面図である。It is AA sectional drawing of FIG. コンクリート構造物から型枠装置を抜き取る状態を説明するための概略図である。It is the schematic for demonstrating the state which extracts the formwork apparatus from a concrete structure.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 型枠
2 木製支持材
3 木製角材
4 トラス材
5 保持部材
5−1 L字状部材
5−2 L字状部材
6 溶接
8 緊締部材
8−1 ボルト
8−2 ナット
9 緊締部材
9−1 ボルト
9−2 ナット
10 H形鋼
11 H形鋼
12 H形鋼
13 H形鋼
14 ウエブ
15 孔
16 フランジ
17 孔
18 フランジ
19 孔
20 フランジ
21 孔
22 拡張手段
23 拡張手段
24 ジャッキ
25 棒状部材
26 当接片
27 ベースプレート
28 パイプサポート
29 チエーン
30 吊り上げ装置
31 クレーン
32 ワイヤ
33 コンクリート構造物
34 吊り金具
35 吊り金具
























DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Formwork 2 Wooden support material 3 Wooden square material 4 Truss material 5 Holding member 5-1 L-shaped member 5-2 L-shaped member 6 Welding 8 Tightening member
8-1 Bolt 8-2 Nut 9 Tightening member 9-1 Bolt 9-2 Nut 10 H section steel 11 H section steel 12 H section steel 13 H section steel 14 Web 15 hole 16 Flange 17 hole 18 Flange 19 hole 20 Flange 21 Hole
22 Expansion means
23 Expansion means 24 Jack 25 Bar-shaped member
26 Contact piece
27 Base plate
28 Pipe support
29 Chain
30 Lifting device
31 Crane 32 Wire 33 Concrete Structure 34 Suspension Bracket 35 Suspension Bracket
























Claims (4)

  1. 角柱状のコンクリート構造物を構築するための型枠装置であって、前記角柱状のコンクリート構造物の外周面に対応した内周面を有する角柱状の型枠を備え、該型枠は各面に対応する4片の木製合板を角柱状に組立て形成されてなり、前記型枠の外周部の上下方向に沿って所定間隔で複数の木製支持材を固着し、該木製支持材の外周部に型枠の上下方向に間隔をおいて保持部材を複数固着し、該保持部材を隣接する2辺の形鋼が溶接されれた2つのL字状部材から形成して前記型枠、木製支持材およびL字状部材からなる2組のL字状型枠分割体を構成し、前記2つのL字状部材の対向する接合角部のそれぞれに、直交する2つの形鋼のx方向およびy方向に跨って2組の緊締部材を設け、該緊締部材を弛緩した際、2つのL字状部材をx方向およびy方向に離間させる拡張手段を備えることを特徴とする角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置。   A formwork apparatus for constructing a prismatic concrete structure, comprising a prismatic formwork having an inner peripheral surface corresponding to an outer peripheral surface of the prismatic concrete structure, 4 pieces of wooden plywood corresponding to the above are formed in a prismatic shape, and a plurality of wooden support members are fixed at predetermined intervals along the vertical direction of the outer peripheral portion of the mold, and are attached to the outer peripheral portion of the wooden support member. A plurality of holding members are fixed at intervals in the vertical direction of the mold, and the holding members are formed from two L-shaped members welded to two adjacent shape steels. And two sets of L-shaped formwork divisions composed of L-shaped members, and the x- and y-directions of two cross-sections orthogonal to each of the opposing joining corners of the two L-shaped members When two tightening members are provided across the two and the tightening members are relaxed, the two L-shaped members are moved in the x direction. And mold apparatus for prismatic concrete structure, characterized in that it comprises an expansion means for separating the y direction.
  2. 前記木製支持材を木製トラス材から形成し、前記形鋼をH型鋼とし、前記緊締部材がボルト・ナットからなることを特徴とする請求項1記載の角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置。   2. The formwork apparatus for a prismatic concrete structure according to claim 1, wherein the wooden support material is formed of a wooden truss material, the shape steel is H-shaped steel, and the fastening members are bolts and nuts.
  3. 前記拡張手段が、2組のジャッキおよび棒状部材の先端に当接片を溶接した押し金物からなることを特徴とする請求項1または請求項2記載の角柱状コンクリート構造物用の型枠装置。   The formwork device for a prismatic concrete structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the expansion means is made of a push-powder in which abutting pieces are welded to the ends of two sets of jacks and rod-shaped members.
  4. 角柱状のコンクリート構造物を構築するに際して、型枠、木製支持材および保持部材からなる2組のL字状型枠分割体をの対向する接合角部をx方向およびy方向に配設された緊締部材により緊締し、角柱状のコンクリート構造物の外周面に対応した内周面を形成し、前記型枠内にコンクリートを打設し、コンクリートが硬化したのち前記緊締部材を弛緩させ、拡張手段により2組のL字状型枠分割体をx方向およびy方向にわずかに離間させ、その状態で上方から吊り上げ、離脱後、前記緊締部材を緊締し、次の角柱状のコンクリート構造物の周囲に吊り下げ、型枠内にコンクリートを打設することを特徴とする角柱状コンクリート構造物の構築方法。   When constructing a prismatic concrete structure, opposing joint corners of two sets of L-shaped formwork divisions composed of a formwork, a wooden support material and a holding member were arranged in the x and y directions. Tightening with a tightening member forms an inner peripheral surface corresponding to the outer peripheral surface of a prismatic concrete structure, and the concrete is placed in the mold, and after the concrete has hardened, the tightening member is relaxed and expanded means The two sets of L-shaped mold divisions are slightly separated in the x and y directions, lifted from above in that state, and after disengagement, the fastening members are fastened, and around the next prismatic concrete structure A method for constructing a prismatic concrete structure, characterized in that the concrete is suspended in a mold and placed in a formwork.
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JP2014227762A (en) * 2013-05-24 2014-12-08 日新総合建材株式会社 Method for constructing concrete structure
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CN107905528A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-04-13 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of half bag column template of reinforced concrete quickly pacifies dismantling device and its construction method

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