JP2007162415A - Eaves - Google Patents

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JP2007162415A
JP2007162415A JP2005362988A JP2005362988A JP2007162415A JP 2007162415 A JP2007162415 A JP 2007162415A JP 2005362988 A JP2005362988 A JP 2005362988A JP 2005362988 A JP2005362988 A JP 2005362988A JP 2007162415 A JP2007162415 A JP 2007162415A
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plate
length
members
building
width
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JP3854626B1 (en
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泰一 中川
Taiichi Nakagawa
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株式会社共和
Kyowa:Kk
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<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide eaves having excellent strength with the projecting length freely set, and easily constructible by one worker. <P>SOLUTION: The eaves 1 comprise an eaves plate 2, a holder 3 stuck to the external wall surface of a building to hold the base end part of the eaves plate 2 over the whole width; and a gutter-like edge plate 4 mounted to the tip edge of the eaves plate 2 over the whole width. The eaves plate 2 is composed of a plurality of intermediate plates 20 connected in the width direction in the mutually abutting state of the side end faces, and side plates 21, 22 mounted to the outer end face of the intermediate plates 20 in both side positions. Both side end faces of each intermediate plate 20 and the inside end faces of the respective side plates 21, 22 are respectively formed with engaging parts detachably engaged with the other plates. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2007,JPO&INPIT

Description

この発明は、建物の外壁面より前方へ張り出すように設けられる庇に関し、特にこの発明は、複数の板材を連結して庇板が構成されている庇に関する。   The present invention relates to a fence provided so as to project forward from the outer wall surface of a building, and in particular, the present invention relates to a fence in which a plurality of plate members are connected to form a fence plate.

従来、その種の庇として、連結すべき板材の前端面と後端面とを互いに突き合わせるようにして複数の板材を前後方向へ連結して庇板を形成したものが提案されている(例えば特許文献1参照)。各板材の前端面や後端面には係合部が形成されており、他の板材の係合部と係合する構造となっている。この種の庇では、庇板の幅は板材の長さによって決まり、前方への張出し長さは各板材の幅と連結個数とによって決まる。   Conventionally, as this kind of scissors, there has been proposed one in which a scissor plate is formed by connecting a plurality of plate materials in the front-rear direction so that the front end surface and the rear end surface of the plate materials to be coupled are abutted with each other (for example, patents) Reference 1). Engagement portions are formed on the front end surface and the rear end surface of each plate material, and the structure engages with the engagement portions of other plate materials. In this kind of scissors, the width of the scissors is determined by the length of the plate material, and the length of the projecting forward is determined by the width of each plate material and the number of connections.

特公平6−96899号公報Japanese Patent Publication No. 6-96899

しかしながら、上記した構成の庇では、庇板の張出し長さは板材の幅による制約を受けるので、張出し長さを自在に設定することが不可能である。また、張出し長さの大きな庇では、多数枚の板材を前後方向へ連結するため、各連結部分に大きな荷重がかかり、十分な強度が得られないという問題がある。さらに、幅の大きな庇では、施工時、板材の両端部を二人の作業者で支えて連結作業を行う必要があり、庇の施工に多大の労力がかかり、作業が大掛かりとなる。   However, in the scissors having the above-described configuration, the overhang length of the overcoat is restricted by the width of the plate material, and thus it is impossible to freely set the overhang length. In addition, with a long overhang, a large number of plate members are connected in the front-rear direction, so that a large load is applied to each connecting portion, and sufficient strength cannot be obtained. Furthermore, in the case of a large ridge, it is necessary to support the both ends of the plate material with two workers during the construction, so that a large amount of labor is required for the construction of the ridge and the work becomes large.

この発明は、上記した問題に着目してなされたもので、複数の板材を幅方向へ連結して庇板を形成することにより、張出し長さを自在に設定できかつ強度に優れ、作業者ひとりで容易に施工できる庇を提供することを目的とする。   The present invention has been made paying attention to the above-mentioned problems, and by forming a gutter plate by connecting a plurality of plate materials in the width direction, the overhang length can be freely set and the strength is excellent. The purpose is to provide a fence that can be easily constructed.

この発明による庇は、建物の外壁面より前方へ張り出すように設けられるものであり、庇板と、建物の外壁面に固着され前記庇板の基端部を全幅にわたって保持する保持具と、前記庇板の先端縁に装着される樋状の縁板とから成る。前記庇板は、側端面を互いに突き合わせるようにして幅方向へ連結される複数の中間板材と、両側位置の中間板材の外側端面にそれぞれ装着される側板材とで構成されている。各中間板材は両側端面に、各側板材は内側端面に、それぞれ他の板材と係脱可能な係合部が形成されている。   The scissors according to the present invention are provided so as to protrude forward from the outer wall surface of the building, and a scissor plate and a holder that is fixed to the outer wall surface of the building and holds the base end portion of the scissors plate over the entire width, And a flange-shaped edge plate attached to the leading edge of the flange plate. The saddle plate is composed of a plurality of intermediate plate members that are connected in the width direction so that the side end surfaces abut each other, and side plate members that are respectively attached to the outer end surfaces of the intermediate plate members at both side positions. Each intermediate plate is formed on both side end surfaces, and each side plate is formed on the inner end surface.

庇の施工に際し、まず、建物の外壁面に保持具を固着し、つぎに、庇板を構成する全ての中間板材および側板材の基端部を保持具により順次固定した後、庇板の先端縁に縁板を装着する。前記庇板の組み立てには、まず、一方の側板材を保持具に固定し、次に、その側板材の内側端面に中間板材の側端面を突き合わせつつ係合部を互いに係合し、その基端部を保持具に固定する。同様にして中間板材を次々に幅方向へ連結し、最後に側板材を連結して庇板を完成させる。
上記した構成の庇では、各板材の長さは自由に変えられるので、庇の張出し長さを自在に設定できる。また、各板材は保持具によりそれぞれの基端部が保持されるので、板材間の連結部分に大きな荷重がかかることがなく、十分な強度が得られる。さらに、幅が大きな庇であっても、施工時、各板材の両端部を二人の作業者が支持する必要がなく、庇の施工作業を作業者ひとりで行うことができる。
When constructing the fence, first fix the holder to the outer wall surface of the building, and then fix the base ends of all the intermediate and side plates that make up the anchor plate sequentially with the holder, then the tip of the anchor plate Attach the edge plate to the edge. In assembling the saddle plate, first, one side plate member is fixed to the holder, and then the engaging portions are engaged with each other while the side end surface of the intermediate plate member is abutted against the inner end surface of the side plate member. Fix the end to the holder. Similarly, the intermediate plate materials are connected one after another in the width direction, and finally the side plate materials are connected to complete the gutter plate.
In the scissors having the above-described configuration, the length of each plate can be freely changed, so that the overhang length of the scissors can be set freely. Moreover, since each base material hold | maintains each base end part with a holder, a big load is not applied to the connection part between board | plate materials, and sufficient intensity | strength is obtained. Furthermore, even if the ridge is wide, it is not necessary for two workers to support both ends of each plate during construction, and the construction work for the ridge can be performed by one worker.

この発明の好ましい実施態様においては、前記保持具は、前記庇板の全幅に相当する長さを有し建物の外壁面に固着される保持基板と、前記庇板を構成する全ての中間板材および側板材の基端部を個別に前記保持基板に固定する固定具とを備えている。この実施態様によると、まず保持基板を建物の外壁面に固着し、各板材の基端部を順次固定具によって保持基板に固定するので、板材の連結固定が容易かつ能率良く行える。   In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the holder includes a holding substrate having a length corresponding to the entire width of the roof plate and fixed to an outer wall surface of a building, all the intermediate plate members constituting the roof plate, and And a fixture for individually fixing the base end portion of the side plate material to the holding substrate. According to this embodiment, the holding substrate is first fixed to the outer wall surface of the building, and the base end portions of the plate members are sequentially fixed to the holding substrate by the fixing tool, so that the plate members can be connected and fixed easily and efficiently.

また、この発明の好ましい実施態様においては、前記の各中間板材は、押出成形により形成された金属製の中空板材であり、各中間板材の内部には、中間板材の厚さおよび長さに相当する幅および長さを有する補強板を挿入しかつ支持することが可能な取付溝が長さ方向に形成されるとともに、各中間板材の取付溝に前記補強板が挿入されかつ支持されている。この実施態様によれば、補強板によって中空の中間板材が構造的に補強されて強度が増す。   Further, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, each of the intermediate plate materials is a metal hollow plate material formed by extrusion molding, and each intermediate plate material has a thickness and a length corresponding to the intermediate plate material. A mounting groove capable of inserting and supporting a reinforcing plate having a width and a length is formed in the length direction, and the reinforcing plate is inserted and supported in the mounting groove of each intermediate plate material. According to this embodiment, the hollow intermediate plate material is structurally reinforced by the reinforcing plate to increase the strength.

さらに、この発明の好ましい実施態様においては、前記の各中間板材は、アーム取付基板を移動させかつ支持することが可能な長さ方向の支持溝を備えており、いずれかの中間板材の支持溝に支持されたアーム取付基板に建物の外壁面にそれぞれ吊持されたアームの下端が連結されている。この実施態様によれば、アームが庇板の荷重を支えるので、たとえ張出し長さが大きい庇であっても、耐荷重性が増す。   Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, each of the intermediate plate members includes a support groove in a length direction capable of moving and supporting the arm mounting substrate, and the support groove of any of the intermediate plate materials The lower end of each arm suspended on the outer wall surface of the building is connected to the arm mounting substrate supported by the arm. According to this embodiment, since the arm supports the load of the saddle plate, even if the overhang is a long overhang, the load resistance is increased.

前記の各側板材は、好ましくは、幅の異なる少なくとも2種類の側板材のうちのいずれかであり、予め幅の異なる2種類以上の側板材を用意しておくことで、使用する側板材の種類と使用する中間板材の個数とによって庇板の幅をきめ細かく設定することが可能となる。   Each of the side plate members is preferably one of at least two types of side plate members having different widths, and by preparing two or more types of side plate members having different widths in advance, Depending on the type and the number of intermediate plates to be used, the width of the gutter plate can be set finely.

この発明によると、複数の板材を幅方向へ連結して庇板を形成するので、各板材の長さを変えることで、庇の張出し長さを自在に設定することができる。また、連結部分に大きな荷重がかからないので、強度の優れた庇が得られる。しかも、作業者ひとりで庇を施工できるので、作業が大掛かりとなることがない。   According to the present invention, the plurality of plate members are connected in the width direction to form the flange plate. Therefore, the overhang length of the flange can be freely set by changing the length of each plate member. Moreover, since a big load is not applied to a connection part, the wrinkles excellent in intensity | strength are obtained. In addition, since the worker can construct the fence alone, the work does not become large.

図1および図2は、この発明の一実施例である庇1の外観を示している。
この庇1は、建物の外壁面10から張り出すように設けられるもので、金属製の庇板2と、建物の外壁面10に固着され前記庇板2の基端部を全幅にわたって保持する保持具3と、前記庇板2の先端縁に全幅にわたって装着される樋状の縁板4とで構成されている。
なお、詳細は後述するが、張出し長さの大きな庇については、必要に応じて、前記庇板2の少なくとも2箇所をアームを用いて水平ないしは水平に近い状態で吊持することもできる(図10参照)。
前記庇板2および縁板4はアルミニウムなどの金属製であるが、必要な強度が確保できれば、必ずしも金属製である必要はなく、たとえば合成樹脂製であってもよい。
1 and 2 show the appearance of a bag 1 that is one embodiment of the present invention.
The ridge 1 is provided so as to protrude from the outer wall surface 10 of the building, and is a metal ridge plate 2 and a holding member that is fixed to the outer wall surface 10 of the building and holds the base end portion of the ridge plate 2 over the entire width. It comprises a tool 3 and a bowl-shaped edge plate 4 attached to the front edge of the plate 2 over the entire width.
In addition, although details will be described later, for a ridge having a large overhang length, it is possible to suspend at least two portions of the ridge plate 2 in a horizontal or nearly horizontal state using an arm as needed (FIG. 10).
The collar plate 2 and the edge plate 4 are made of metal such as aluminum, but are not necessarily made of metal as long as necessary strength can be ensured, and may be made of synthetic resin, for example.

前記庇板2は、図3に示すように、側端面を互いに突き合わせるようにして幅方向へ連結される複数の中間板材20と、両側位置の中間板材20の外側端面にそれぞれ装着される側板材21,22とで構成されている。各中間板材20および各側板材21,22は、アルミニウムの押出成形により形成されており、その内部は中空となっている。   As shown in FIG. 3, the saddle plate 2 has a plurality of intermediate plate members 20 that are connected in the width direction so that the side end surfaces abut each other, and the side that is attached to the outer end surfaces of the intermediate plate members 20 at both sides. It consists of plate members 21 and 22. Each intermediate plate 20 and each side plate 21 and 22 are formed by extrusion of aluminum, and the inside thereof is hollow.

前記の各中間板材20は、図4(1)に示すように、一方の側端面に第1の係合部6を、他方の側端面に第2の係合部7を、それぞれ備えている。また、前記の各側板材21,22のうちの一方の側板材21は、図4(2)に示すように、内側端面に第1の係合部6を備え、他方の側板材22は、図4(3)に示すように、内側端面に第2の係合部7を備えている。
各中間板材20および各側板材21,22は所定の幅D,dに、それぞれ設定されている。この実施例では、上記した幅dの側板材21,22に加えて、図5(1)(2)に示すように、幅dより大きな幅t(例えばt=2d)の側板材21,22を予め用意しており、この2種類の側板材のうちのいずれかを使用する。
As shown in FIG. 4A, each of the intermediate plate members 20 includes a first engagement portion 6 on one side end surface and a second engagement portion 7 on the other side end surface. . In addition, as shown in FIG. 4 (2), one of the side plate members 21 and 22 has a first engaging portion 6 on the inner end surface, and the other side plate member 22 has As shown in FIG. 4 (3), the second engaging portion 7 is provided on the inner end face.
Each intermediate plate 20 and each side plate 21 and 22 are set to predetermined widths D and d, respectively. In this embodiment, in addition to the side plates 21 and 22 having the width d described above, as shown in FIGS. 5 (1) and (2), the side plates 21 and 22 having a width t (for example, t = 2d) larger than the width d. Is prepared in advance, and one of these two types of side plate materials is used.

各中間板材20の第1の係合部6は他の中間板材20または側板材22の第2の係合部7と係脱可能である。各中間板材20の第2の係合部7は他の中間板材20または側板材21の第1の係合部6と係脱可能である。
各中間板材20および側板材21の第1の係合部6は、図4(1)(2)に示すように、側端面の上部位置に突設された軸状部60と、下部位置に突設された先端が鈎状部61となっている外向きの突片62とで構成されている。また、各中間板材20および側板部22の第2の係合部7は、図4(1)(3)に示すように、側端面の上部位置に形成された軸受部70と、下部位置に内向きに突出形成された係止片71とで構成されている。前記軸受部70には第1の係合部6の軸状部60が嵌って回動自由に支持される。前記係止片71には第1の係合片6の突片62の鈎状部61が引っ掛かる。
The first engaging portion 6 of each intermediate plate member 20 can be engaged with and disengaged from the other intermediate plate member 20 or the second engaging portion 7 of the side plate member 22. The second engaging portion 7 of each intermediate plate 20 can be engaged with and disengaged from the first engaging portion 6 of the other intermediate plate 20 or the side plate 21.
As shown in FIGS. 4 (1) and (2), the first engaging portion 6 of each intermediate plate member 20 and side plate member 21 is provided with a shaft-like portion 60 protruding from the upper position of the side end face and at the lower position. The projecting tip 62 includes an outward projecting piece 62 having a hook-like portion 61 as a projecting tip. Further, as shown in FIGS. 4 (1) and (3), each intermediate plate member 20 and the second engaging portion 7 of the side plate portion 22 are provided with a bearing portion 70 formed at the upper position of the side end face and at the lower position. It is comprised with the latching piece 71 projected and formed inward. The shaft portion 60 of the first engaging portion 6 is fitted into the bearing portion 70 and is supported so as to freely rotate. The hook-like portion 61 of the protruding piece 62 of the first engaging piece 6 is hooked on the locking piece 71.

図6(1)〜(3)は、中間板材20の第1の係合部6と側板材22の第2の係合部7とを係合して中間板材20と側板材22とを連結する手順を示している。
まず、中間板材20の第1の係合部6の軸状部60を側板材22の第2の係合部7の軸受部70へ開口部分より嵌入した後(図6(1))、軸状部60と軸受部70との嵌合部分を中心として中間板材20を回動し(図6(2))、突片62の鈎状部61を係止片71の先端に係合させる(図6(3))。
なお、中間板材20の第2の係合部7と側板材21の第1の係合部6との係合も同様であり、ここでは図示並びに説明を省略する。
6 (1) to 6 (3) connect the intermediate plate 20 and the side plate 22 by engaging the first engagement portion 6 of the intermediate plate 20 and the second engagement portion 7 of the side plate 22. The procedure to do is shown.
First, after the shaft-like portion 60 of the first engaging portion 6 of the intermediate plate member 20 is fitted into the bearing portion 70 of the second engaging portion 7 of the side plate member 22 from the opening portion (FIG. 6 (1)), the shaft The intermediate plate member 20 is rotated around the fitting portion between the hook portion 60 and the bearing portion 70 (FIG. 6B), and the hook-like portion 61 of the projecting piece 62 is engaged with the tip of the locking piece 71 ( FIG. 6 (3)).
The engagement between the second engagement portion 7 of the intermediate plate member 20 and the first engagement portion 6 of the side plate member 21 is the same, and illustration and description thereof are omitted here.

各中間板材20の内部には、長さ方向に沿う2個の取付溝23,23がほぼ左右対称位置に形成されている。各取付溝23は、中間板材20の厚さhおよび長さLに応じた幅および長さを有する金属製の補強板100を縦向きにして挿入しかつ支持することが可能に形成されている。各中間板材20の取付溝23,23には前記補強板100が挿入されて支持されており、これにより長さ方向の強度を向上させている。
なお、各中間板材20の内部には、補強のためのリブ27が設けられているので、前記補強板100は必ずしも組み込む必要がなく、必要に応じて用いればよい。
また、各中間板材20の内部には後述するアーム取付基板101を移動させかつ支持することが可能な長さ方向の支持溝24が形成されている。
なお、図3〜図5において、25は全長にわたるビス止め孔であり、後述する縁板4を庇板2の先端縁にネジ止めするのに用いられる。
Inside each intermediate plate member 20, two mounting grooves 23, 23 along the length direction are formed at substantially symmetrical positions. Each mounting groove 23 is formed such that a metal reinforcing plate 100 having a width and length corresponding to the thickness h and length L of the intermediate plate member 20 can be inserted and supported in a vertical direction. . The reinforcing plate 100 is inserted and supported in the mounting grooves 23, 23 of each intermediate plate member 20, thereby improving the strength in the length direction.
In addition, since the rib 27 for reinforcement is provided in each intermediate | middle board | plate material 20, the said reinforcement board 100 does not necessarily need to be integrated and should just be used as needed.
Further, a support groove 24 in the length direction capable of moving and supporting an arm mounting substrate 101 described later is formed inside each intermediate plate member 20.
3 to 5, reference numeral 25 denotes a screw fixing hole extending over the entire length, and is used for screwing the edge plate 4 to be described later to the leading edge of the flange plate 2.

前記保持具3は、図7および図8に示すように、前記庇板2の全幅に相当する長さを有し建物の外壁面10に固着される金属製の保持基板30と、前記庇板2を構成する全ての中間板材20および側板材21,22の基端部を前記保持基板30に個々に固定するための金属製の固定具8と、庇板2の基端部を上方および下方より覆って保持基板30や固定部8を見えないようにする上カバー31および下カバー32とを含んでいる。なお、保持具3の両側端面は端板102,102により塞がれている。   As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the holder 3 has a length corresponding to the entire width of the slab 2 and is fixed to the outer wall 10 of the building, and the slats 2 and the metal plate 8 for individually fixing the base ends of the intermediate plate 20 and the side plates 21 and 22 to the holding substrate 30, and the base end of the gutter plate 2 upward and downward. An upper cover 31 and a lower cover 32 are further included so as to cover the holding substrate 30 and the fixing portion 8 so as not to be seen. Note that both end surfaces of the holder 3 are closed by end plates 102, 102.

前記保持基板30は、庇板2の幅とほぼ一致する長さを有するもので、建物の外壁面10にアンカーボルト103により止め固定される垂直板部30Aと庇板2の基端部を下方より支持する水平板部30Bとが一体形成されたものである。前記垂直板部30Aの上端部には上カバー31の一端が係合する係合溝34が、下端部には下カバー32の一端が係合する係合溝35が、それぞれ全幅にわたって形成されている。また、水平板部30Bの先端には下カバー32の他端が係合する係合凹部36が全幅にわたって形成されている。前記垂直板部30Aの下部位置には前記アンカーボルト103が挿入されるボルト挿通孔37が一定間隔毎に設けられている。また、前記垂直板部30Bの上部位置と水平板部30Aには、各固定具8の取付位置に合わせてボルト挿通孔38,39が形成されている。   The holding substrate 30 has a length substantially equal to the width of the roof plate 2, and the vertical plate portion 30 </ b> A fixed to the outer wall surface 10 of the building by the anchor bolt 103 and the base end portion of the roof plate 2 are positioned downward. The horizontal plate portion 30B to be supported is integrally formed. An engaging groove 34 that engages with one end of the upper cover 31 is formed at the upper end of the vertical plate portion 30A, and an engaging groove 35 that engages with one end of the lower cover 32 is formed at the lower end of the vertical plate 30A. Yes. Further, an engaging recess 36 that engages the other end of the lower cover 32 is formed at the front end of the horizontal plate portion 30B over the entire width. Bolt insertion holes 37 into which the anchor bolts 103 are inserted are provided at regular intervals at the lower position of the vertical plate portion 30A. In addition, bolt insertion holes 38 and 39 are formed in the upper position of the vertical plate portion 30B and the horizontal plate portion 30A in accordance with the mounting positions of the fixtures 8.

前記の各固定具8は、L字状をなすもので、その垂直部80に前記保持基板30のボルト挿通孔38に連通するボルト挿通孔82が、水平部81に前記保持基板30のボルト挿通孔39と対向位置するボルト挿通孔83が、それぞれ形成されている。前記ボルト挿通孔82には固定具を固定するためのアンカーボルト104が挿入され、前記ボルト挿通孔83には各板材を固定するためのボルト105が挿入される。前記ボルト105は、各中間板材20および側板材21,22の基端部に形成されたボルト挿通孔26と保持基板30の水平板部30Bに形成されたボルト挿通孔39とを貫通し、ボルト105の先端部にナット106がネジ止めされる。
なお、図7において、107は上カバー31の上端縁と建物の外壁面10との間に嵌め込まれるコーキング材、108は上カバー31の下端縁と庇板2の上面との間に嵌め込まれるコーキング材である。これらのコーキング材107,108によって雨水の浸入が阻止される。また、33は前記端板102をビス止めするために上下の各カバー31,32に設けられたビス止め孔である。
Each of the fixtures 8 has an L shape, and a bolt insertion hole 82 communicating with the bolt insertion hole 38 of the holding substrate 30 is formed in the vertical portion 80 thereof, and the bolt insertion of the holding substrate 30 is inserted in the horizontal portion 81 thereof. Bolt insertion holes 83 facing the holes 39 are respectively formed. An anchor bolt 104 for fixing a fixture is inserted into the bolt insertion hole 82, and a bolt 105 for fixing each plate member is inserted into the bolt insertion hole 83. The bolt 105 passes through a bolt insertion hole 26 formed in the base end portion of each intermediate plate member 20 and the side plate members 21 and 22 and a bolt insertion hole 39 formed in the horizontal plate portion 30B of the holding substrate 30. A nut 106 is screwed to the tip of 105.
In FIG. 7, 107 is a caulking material fitted between the upper end edge of the upper cover 31 and the outer wall surface 10 of the building, and 108 is a caulking fitted between the lower end edge of the upper cover 31 and the upper surface of the roof plate 2. It is a material. The caulking materials 107 and 108 prevent rainwater from entering. Reference numeral 33 denotes a screw fixing hole provided in each of the upper and lower covers 31 and 32 for screwing the end plate 102.

図9は、前記した樋状の縁板4の構成を示している。図示例の縁板4は、庇板2を構成する各中間板材20および各側板材21,22の先端面に当接させてネジ46により止着される後板部40と、後板部40と対向位置する前板部41と、各中間板材20および各側板材21,22の下面の突き当てる突出部42と、前板部41と後板部40との間には第1の樋溝44を、後板部40と突出部42との間には第2の樋溝45を、それぞれ形成するための底板部43とを備えている。
この縁板4の両側端面には端板47,47が配備されてネジ止めされる。各端板47には、第1、第2の樋溝44,45に連通する開口部48,49が形成されている。
FIG. 9 shows a configuration of the above-described bowl-shaped edge plate 4. The edge plate 4 in the illustrated example includes a rear plate portion 40 that is brought into contact with the front end surfaces of the intermediate plate members 20 and the side plate members 21 and 22 constituting the flange plate 2 and is fastened by screws 46, and the rear plate portion 40. Between the front plate portion 41 and the rear plate portion 40, and the front plate portion 41 and the rear plate portion 40 between the front plate portion 41 and the rear plate portion 40. 44, and a bottom plate portion 43 for forming a second groove 45 between the rear plate portion 40 and the protruding portion 42, respectively.
End plates 47 and 47 are provided on both side end surfaces of the edge plate 4 and screwed. Each end plate 47 is formed with openings 48 and 49 communicating with the first and second groove 44 and 45.

図10および図11は、上記した構成の庇1に2本のアーム5,5が付加された実施例を示している。
前記庇板2を構成する各中間板材20には、図3および図4に示すように、アーム取付基板101を移動させかつ支持することが可能な長さ方向の支持溝24が形成されている。この実施例では、左右対称位置にある2個の中間板材20の支持溝24にアーム取付基板101をそれぞれ挿入して支持させ、各アーム取付基板101に建物の外壁面10にそれぞれ吊持されたアーム5,5の下端を連結している。
10 and 11 show an embodiment in which two arms 5 and 5 are added to the bag 1 having the above-described configuration.
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, each intermediate plate member 20 constituting the saddle plate 2 is formed with a support groove 24 in the length direction capable of moving and supporting the arm mounting substrate 101. . In this embodiment, the arm mounting board 101 is inserted and supported in the support grooves 24 of the two intermediate plate members 20 at the left and right symmetrical positions, and is suspended from the arm mounting board 101 on the outer wall surface 10 of the building. The lower ends of the arms 5 and 5 are connected.

各アーム5は、長さ調節が可能な構成のものであり、金属製パイプより成るアーム本体50の両端にねじ軸51,52を介して取付金具9,53がそれぞれ取り付けられている。各ねじ軸51,52は一端部に前記取付金具9,53の連結板91,54が取り付けられ、他端部はアーム本体50の両端に装着されたナット部材55,56にねじ込まれている。各ねじ軸51,52はねじの方向が逆方向であり、アーム本体50を一方向へ回転させたとき、各ねじ軸51,52がアーム本体50の両端より突き出てアーム5の長さが長くなる。また、アーム本体50を反対方向へ回転させたとき、ねじ軸51,52がアーム本体50の内部へ入り込んでアーム5の長さが短くなる。   Each arm 5 is configured to be adjustable in length, and mounting brackets 9 and 53 are attached to both ends of an arm main body 50 made of a metal pipe via screw shafts 51 and 52, respectively. Each of the screw shafts 51, 52 is attached to one end of the connecting plates 91, 54 of the mounting brackets 9, 53, and the other end is screwed into nut members 55, 56 attached to both ends of the arm body 50. The screw shafts 51 and 52 have opposite screw directions. When the arm body 50 is rotated in one direction, the screw shafts 51 and 52 protrude from both ends of the arm body 50 and the length of the arm 5 is long. Become. Further, when the arm body 50 is rotated in the opposite direction, the screw shafts 51 and 52 enter the inside of the arm body 50 and the length of the arm 5 is shortened.

アーム5の下端部側の取付金具9は、枢軸90上に前記連結板91と一対の取付板92,92とを回動自由に取り付けることにより連結板91に対して取付板92,92を屈曲可能としたものである。各取付板92と一体の基板94には2個の貫通孔95が形成され、各貫通孔95と前記アーム取付基板101に形成した貫通孔101aとにボルト96,96を通してナット97で締め付ける。   The mounting bracket 9 on the lower end side of the arm 5 bends the mounting plates 92 and 92 with respect to the connecting plate 91 by freely mounting the connecting plate 91 and the pair of mounting plates 92 and 92 on the pivot 90. It is possible. Two through holes 95 are formed in the board 94 integral with each mounting plate 92, and are tightened with nuts 97 through bolts 96, 96 to the respective through holes 95 and the through holes 101 a formed in the arm mounting board 101.

アーム5の上端部側の取付金具53は、枢軸59上に前記連結板54と一対の取付板57,57とを回動自由に取り付けることにより連結板54に対して取付板57,57を屈曲可能としたものである。各取付板57と一体の基板58は2本のアンカーボルト109,109により建物の外壁面10に固定される。   The mounting bracket 53 on the upper end side of the arm 5 bends the mounting plates 57 and 57 with respect to the connecting plate 54 by freely mounting the connecting plate 54 and the pair of mounting plates 57 and 57 on the pivot 59. It is possible. The board 58 integrated with each mounting plate 57 is fixed to the outer wall surface 10 of the building by two anchor bolts 109 and 109.

上記した構成の庇1を建物の外壁面10に設けるには、図12に示すように、まず、建物の外壁面に保持具3の保持基板30をアンカーボルト103により固着し、つぎに、庇板2を構成する全ての中間板材20および側板材21,22の基端部を保持基板30に固定具8により順次固定した後、庇板2の先端縁に縁板4を装着する。
前記庇板2の組み立てには、まず、側板材22の基端部を保持具3の保持基板30に固定具8とボルト104,105とを用いて固定し、次に、その側板材22の内側端面に中間板材20の側端面を突き合わせつつ第1、第2の係合部6,7を互いに係合させ、その基端部を固定具8により保持具3の保持基板30に固定する。同様にして、中間板材20を次々に連結し、最後に側板材21を連結して庇板1を完成する。
In order to provide the wall 1 having the above structure on the outer wall surface 10 of the building, as shown in FIG. 12, first, the holding substrate 30 of the holder 3 is fixed to the outer wall surface of the building by the anchor bolt 103, and then the wall After the base end portions of all the intermediate plate members 20 and side plate members 21 and 22 constituting the plate 2 are sequentially fixed to the holding substrate 30 by the fixing tool 8, the edge plate 4 is attached to the distal end edge of the flange plate 2.
In assembling the saddle plate 2, first, the base end portion of the side plate material 22 is fixed to the holding substrate 30 of the holder 3 using the fixing tool 8 and the bolts 104 and 105, and then the side plate material 22 is fixed. The first and second engaging portions 6 and 7 are engaged with each other while the side end surface of the intermediate plate 20 is abutted against the inner end surface, and the base end portion is fixed to the holding substrate 30 of the holder 3 by the fixing tool 8. Similarly, the intermediate plate materials 20 are connected one after another, and finally the side plate materials 21 are connected to complete the roof plate 1.

上記した構成の庇1では、各板材20〜22の長さLは自由に変えられるので、庇1の張出し長さを自在に設定できる。また、各板材20〜22は保持具3によりそれぞれの基端部が保持されるので、板材間の連結部分に大きな荷重がかかることがなく、十分な強度が得られる。さらに、幅が大きな庇であっても、施工時、各板材の両端部を二人の作業者が支持する必要がなく、庇1の施工を作業者ひとりで行うことができる。   In the scissors 1 having the above-described configuration, the length L of each plate member 20 to 22 can be freely changed, so that the overhang length of the scissors 1 can be set freely. Moreover, since each base material 20-22 hold | maintains each base end part with the holder 3, a big load is not applied to the connection part between board | plate materials, and sufficient intensity | strength is obtained. Furthermore, even if the ridge is wide, it is not necessary for two workers to support both ends of each plate during construction, and the ridge 1 can be constructed by one worker.

この発明の一実施例である庇の外観を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the external appearance of the bag which is one Example of this invention. 図1の庇の側面図である。It is a side view of the bag of FIG. 図1のA−A線に沿う断面図である。It is sectional drawing which follows the AA line of FIG. 中間板材および側板材の構造を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the structure of an intermediate board material and a side board material. 幅が異なる他の側板材の構造を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the structure of the other side plate material from which width differs. 側板材と中間板材との連結手順を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the connection procedure of a side plate material and an intermediate plate material. 保持具による板材の保持状態を示す断面図である。It is sectional drawing which shows the holding | maintenance state of the board | plate material by a holder. 上下のカバーを外した状態での図7のB−B線に沿う断面図である。It is sectional drawing which follows the BB line of FIG. 7 in the state which removed the upper and lower covers. 縁板の取付構造を示す断面図である。It is sectional drawing which shows the attachment structure of an edge board. アームが取り付けられた実施例の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the Example with which the arm was attached. アームの取付状態を示す断面図である。It is sectional drawing which shows the attachment state of an arm. 庇の施工状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the construction state of a coffin.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 庇
2 庇板
3 保持具
4 縁板
5 アーム
6,7 係合部
8 固定具
20 中間板材
21,22 側板材
23 取付溝
24 支持溝
30 保持基板
100 補強板
101 アーム取付基板
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 庇 2 庇 plate 3 Holder 4 Edge plate 5 Arm 6, 7 Engagement part 8 Fixing device 20 Intermediate plate 21, 22 Side plate 23 Mounting groove 24 Support groove 30 Holding substrate 100 Reinforcement plate 101 Arm mounting substrate

この発明による庇は、建物の外壁面より前方へ張り出すように設けられるものであり、庇板と、前記庇板の基端部を全幅にわたって保持する保持具と、前記庇板の先端縁に装着される樋状の縁板とから成る。前記庇板は、側端面を互いに突き合わせるようにして幅方向へ連結される複数の中間板材と、両側位置の中間板材の外側端面にそれぞれ装着される側板材とで構成されている。各中間板材は両側端面に、各側板材は内側端面に、それぞれ他の板材と係脱可能な係合部が形成されている。前記保持具は、前記庇板の全幅に相当する長さを有し建物の外壁面に固着される保持基板を含み、前記庇板を構成する全ての中間板材および側板材の基端部が複数の固定具により前記保持基板に固定されている。 It eaves according to the invention, which is provided so as to project forwardly from the outer wall surface of a building, and eaves plates, a holder for holding over the entire width of the base end portion of the eaves plate, the leading edge of the eave plate It consists of a bowl-shaped edge plate to be attached. The saddle plate is composed of a plurality of intermediate plate members that are connected in the width direction so that the side end surfaces abut each other, and side plate members that are respectively attached to the outer end surfaces of the intermediate plate members at both side positions. Each intermediate plate is formed on both side end surfaces, and each side plate is formed on the inner end surface. The holder includes a holding substrate that has a length corresponding to the entire width of the roof plate and is fixed to an outer wall surface of a building, and a plurality of base end portions of all the intermediate plate members and side plate members constituting the roof plate. It is fixed to the holding substrate by a fixing tool.

庇の施工に際し、まず、建物の外壁面に保持具の保持板材を固着し、つぎに、庇板を構成する全ての中間板材および側板材の基端部を順次固定具により保持板材に固定した後、庇板の先端縁に縁板を装着する。このように施工すれば、板材の連結固定が容易かつ能率良く行える。前記庇板の組み立てには、まず、一方の側板材を保持具に固定し、次に、その側板材の内側端面に中間板材の側端面を突き合わせつつ係合部を互いに係合し、その基端部を保持具に固定する。同様にして中間板材を次々に幅方向へ連結し、最後に側板材を連結して庇板を完成させる。
上記した構成の庇では、各板材の長さは自由に変えられるので、庇の張出し長さを自在に設定できる。また、各板材は保持具によりそれぞれの基端部が保持されるので、板材間の連結部分に大きな荷重がかかることがなく、十分な強度が得られる。さらに、幅が大きな庇であっても、施工時、各板材の両端部を二人の作業者が支持する必要がなく、庇の施工作業を作業者ひとりで行うことができる。
At the time of construction of the fence, first, the holding plate material of the holder is fixed to the outer wall surface of the building, and then, the base end portions of all the intermediate plate materials and side plate materials constituting the fence plate are sequentially fixed to the holding plate material by the fixing tool . After that, an edge plate is attached to the front edge of the plate. If constructed in this way, the connection and fixing of the plate materials can be performed easily and efficiently. In assembling the saddle plate, first, one side plate member is fixed to the holder, and then the engaging portions are engaged with each other while the side end surface of the intermediate plate member is abutted against the inner end surface of the side plate member. Fix the end to the holder. Similarly, the intermediate plate materials are connected one after another in the width direction, and finally the side plate materials are connected to complete the gutter plate.
In the scissors having the above-described configuration, the length of each plate can be freely changed, so that the overhang length of the scissors can be set freely. Moreover, since each base material hold | maintains each base end part with a holder, a big load is not applied to the connection part between board | plate materials, and sufficient intensity | strength is obtained. Furthermore, even if the ridge is wide, it is not necessary for two workers to support both ends of each plate during construction, and the construction work for the ridge can be performed by one worker.

この発明による庇は、建物の外壁面より前方へ張り出すように設けられるものであり、金属製の庇板と、前記庇板の基端部を全幅にわたって保持する保持具と、前記庇板の先端縁に装着される樋状の縁板とから成る。前記庇板は、側端面を互いに突き合わせるようにして幅方向へ連結される複数の中間板材と、両側位置の中間板材の外側端面にそれぞれ装着される側板材とで構成されている。各中間板材および各側板材は押出成形により形成された金属製の中空板材であり、各中間板材は両側端面に、各側板材は内側端面に、それぞれ他の板材と係脱可能な係合部が形成されるとともに、各中間板材の内部には長さ方向に沿う取付溝と補強のためのリブとが設けられている。前記取付溝には金属製の補強板が挿入されかつ支持されている。前記保持具は、前記庇板の全幅に相当する長さを有し建物の外壁面に固着される保持基板を含み、前記庇板を構成する全ての中間板材および側板材の基端部が複数の固定具により前記保持基板に固定されている。 The scissors according to the present invention are provided so as to project forward from the outer wall surface of the building, and include a metal scissors, a holder that holds the base end portion of the scissors over the entire width, It consists of a bowl-shaped edge plate attached to the tip edge. The saddle plate is composed of a plurality of intermediate plate members that are connected in the width direction so that the side end surfaces abut each other, and side plate members that are respectively attached to the outer end surfaces of the intermediate plate members at both side positions. Each intermediate plate material and each side plate material are metal hollow plate materials formed by extrusion molding. Each intermediate plate material is on both side end surfaces, each side plate material is on the inner end surface, and an engaging portion that can be engaged with and disengaged from other plate materials. There Rutotomoni is formed, and a rib for reinforcement and mounting groove along the length direction of the interior of the intermediate plate is provided. A metal reinforcing plate is inserted and supported in the mounting groove. The holder includes a holding substrate that has a length corresponding to the entire width of the roof plate and is fixed to an outer wall surface of a building, and a plurality of base end portions of all the intermediate plate members and side plate members constituting the roof plate. It is fixed to the holding substrate by a fixing tool.

庇の施工に際し、まず、建物の外壁面に保持具の保持板材を固着し、つぎに、庇板を構成する全ての中間板材および側板材の基端部を順次固定具により保持板材に固定した後、庇板の先端縁に縁板を装着する。このように施工すれば、板材の連結固定が容易かつ能率良く行える。前記庇板の組み立てには、まず、一方の側板材を保持具に固定し、次に、その側板材の内側端面に中間板材の側端面を突き合わせつつ係合部を互いに係合し、その基端部を保持具に固定する。同様にして中間板材を次々に幅方向へ連結し、最後に側板材を連結して庇板を完成させる。
上記した構成の庇では、各板材の長さは自由に変えられるので、庇の張出し長さを自在に設定できる。また、各板材は保持具によりそれぞれの基端部が保持されるので、板材間の連結部分に大きな荷重がかかることがなく、十分な強度が得られる。さらに、中空の中間板材はリブと金属製の補強板とによって構造的に補強されて強度が増している。さらに、幅が大きな庇であっても、施工時、各板材の両端部を二人の作業者が支持する必要がなく、庇の施工作業を作業者ひとりで行うことができる。さらに、まず保持基板を建物の外壁面に固着し、各板材の基端部を順次固定具によって保持基板に固定するので、板材の連結固定が容易かつ能率良く行える。
At the time of construction of the fence, first, the holding plate material of the holder is fixed to the outer wall surface of the building, and then, the base end portions of all the intermediate plate materials and side plate materials constituting the fence plate are sequentially fixed to the holding plate material by the fixing tool. After that, an edge plate is attached to the front edge of the plate. If constructed in this way, the connection and fixing of the plate materials can be performed easily and efficiently. In assembling the saddle plate, first, one side plate member is fixed to the holder, and then the engaging portions are engaged with each other while the side end surface of the intermediate plate member is abutted against the inner end surface of the side plate member. Fix the end to the holder. Similarly, the intermediate plate materials are connected one after another in the width direction, and finally the side plate materials are connected to complete the gutter plate.
In the scissors having the above-described configuration, the length of each plate can be freely changed, so that the overhang length of the scissors can be set freely. Moreover, since each base material hold | maintains each base end part with a holder, a big load is not applied to the connection part between board | plate materials, and sufficient intensity | strength is obtained. Further, the hollow intermediate plate material is structurally reinforced by ribs and metal reinforcing plates to increase the strength. Furthermore, even if the ridge is wide, it is not necessary for two workers to support both ends of each plate during construction, and the construction work for the ridge can be performed by one worker. Furthermore, the holding substrate is first fixed to the outer wall surface of the building, and the base end portions of the plate members are sequentially fixed to the holding substrate by the fixture, so that the plate members can be connected and fixed easily and efficiently.

また、この発明の好ましい実施態様においては、前記の各中間板材は、アーム取付基板を移動させかつ支持することが可能な長さ方向の支持溝を備えており、いずれかの中間板材の支持溝に支持されたアーム取付基板に建物の外壁面にそれぞれ吊持されたアームの下端が連結されている。この実施態様によれば、アームが庇板の荷重を支えるので、たとえ張出し長さが大きい庇であっても、耐荷重性が増す。 Further , in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, each of the intermediate plate members includes a support groove in a length direction capable of moving and supporting the arm mounting substrate, and the support groove of any of the intermediate plate materials The lower end of each arm suspended on the outer wall surface of the building is connected to the arm mounting substrate supported by the arm. According to this embodiment, since the arm supports the load of the saddle plate, even if the overhang is a long overhang, the load resistance is increased.

この発明によると、複数の板材を幅方向へ連結して庇板を形成するので、各板材の長さを変えることで、庇の張出し長さを自在に設定することができる。また、連結部分に大きな荷重がかからず、しかも、各中間板材はリブよ補強板によって構造的に補強されているので、強度の優れた庇が得られる。しかも、作業者ひとりで庇を施工できるので、作業が大掛かりとなることがない。 According to the present invention, the plurality of plate members are connected in the width direction to form the flange plate. Therefore, the overhang length of the flange can be freely set by changing the length of each plate member. In addition, since a large load is not applied to the connecting portion, and each intermediate plate is structurally reinforced by a reinforcing plate using ribs, it is possible to obtain a ridge having excellent strength. In addition, since the worker can construct the fence alone, the work does not become large.

Claims (5)

  1. 建物の外壁面より前方へ張り出すように設けられる庇であって、庇板と、建物の外壁面に固着され前記庇板の基端部を全幅にわたって保持する保持具と、前記庇板の先端縁に装着される樋状の縁板とから成り、前記庇板は、側端面を互いに突き合わせるようにして幅方向へ連結される複数の中間板材と、両側位置の中間板材の外側端面にそれぞれ装着される側板材とで構成され、各中間板材は両側端面に、各側板材は内側端面に、それぞれ他の板材と係脱可能な係合部が形成されて成る庇。   A gutter provided so as to project forward from the outer wall surface of the building, a gutter plate, a holder fixed to the outer wall surface of the building and holding the base end portion of the gutter plate over its entire width, and a distal end of the gutter plate And a plurality of intermediate plate members connected in the width direction so that the side end surfaces abut each other, and the outer end surfaces of the intermediate plate members on both sides. Each of the intermediate plate members is formed on both side end surfaces, and each side plate member is formed on the inner end surface with engaging portions that can be engaged with and disengaged from other plate members.
  2. 前記保持具は、前記庇板の全幅に相当する長さを有し建物の外壁面に固着される保持基板と、前記庇板を構成する全ての中間板材および側板材の基端部を個別に前記保持基板に固定する固定具とを備えている請求項1に記載された庇。   The holder has a length corresponding to the entire width of the roof plate and is fixed to the outer wall surface of the building, and the intermediate ends of the intermediate plate and the side plate members constituting the roof plate are individually provided. The scissors according to claim 1, further comprising: a fixing tool that is fixed to the holding substrate.
  3. 前記の各中間板材は、押出成形により形成された金属製の中空板材であり、各中間板材の内部には、中間板材の厚さおよび長さに相当する幅および長さを有する補強板を挿入しかつ支持することが可能な取付溝が長さ方向に形成されるとともに、各中間板材の取付溝に前記補強板が挿入されかつ支持されている請求項1に記載された庇。   Each of the intermediate plate materials is a metal hollow plate material formed by extrusion molding, and a reinforcing plate having a width and length corresponding to the thickness and length of the intermediate plate material is inserted into each intermediate plate material. 2. The scissors according to claim 1, wherein a mounting groove that can be supported and supported is formed in a length direction, and the reinforcing plate is inserted and supported in the mounting groove of each intermediate plate member.
  4. 前記の各中間板材は、アーム取付基板を移動させかつ支持することが可能な長さ方向の支持溝を備えており、いずれかの中間板材の支持溝に支持されたアーム取付基板に建物の外壁面にそれぞれ吊持されたアームの下端が連結されている請求項1または3に記載された庇。   Each of the intermediate plate members includes a support groove in the length direction capable of moving and supporting the arm mounting substrate, and the arm mounting substrate supported by the support groove of any of the intermediate plate members is attached to the outside of the building. The scissors according to claim 1 or 3, wherein the lower ends of the arms respectively suspended on the wall surfaces are connected.
  5. 前記の各側板材は、幅の異なる少なくとも2種類の側板材のうちのいずれかである請求項1に記載された庇。   The scissors according to claim 1, wherein each of the side plate materials is one of at least two types of side plate materials having different widths.
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JP2008031696A (en) * 2006-07-27 2008-02-14 Inter Raito Kk Eaves
JP2009167731A (en) * 2008-01-18 2009-07-30 Daiken Co Ltd Eaves for building
JP2010024778A (en) * 2008-07-23 2010-02-04 Nippon Alum Co Ltd Expansion joint cover device
JP2010185217A (en) * 2009-02-12 2010-08-26 Kyowa:Kk Panel body and pentroof
JP2010261208A (en) * 2009-05-07 2010-11-18 Tsuzuki Co Ltd Corner eaves structure
JP2011001705A (en) * 2009-06-16 2011-01-06 Kyowa:Kk Eaves
JP2011052386A (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-17 Kyowa:Kk Eaves
JP2011111755A (en) * 2009-11-25 2011-06-09 Riken Light Metal Ind Co Ltd Structure for mounting eaves for building
JP2012087539A (en) * 2010-10-20 2012-05-10 Kyowa Ltd Eaves

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