JP2002247712A - Power device for electric motor car - Google Patents

Power device for electric motor car

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Publication number
JP2002247712A
JP2002247712A JP2001086378A JP2001086378A JP2002247712A JP 2002247712 A JP2002247712 A JP 2002247712A JP 2001086378 A JP2001086378 A JP 2001086378A JP 2001086378 A JP2001086378 A JP 2001086378A JP 2002247712 A JP2002247712 A JP 2002247712A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
battery
solar cell
vehicle
power supply
car
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2001086378A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Hisashi Ueda
寿 植田
Original Assignee
Honda Motor Co Ltd
本田技研工業株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Honda Motor Co Ltd, 本田技研工業株式会社 filed Critical Honda Motor Co Ltd
Priority to JP2001086378A priority Critical patent/JP2002247712A/en
Publication of JP2002247712A publication Critical patent/JP2002247712A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7077Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors on board the vehicle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7077Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors on board the vehicle
    • Y02T10/7083Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors on board the vehicle with the energy being of renewable origin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/80Technologies aiming to reduce greenhouse gasses emissions common to all road transportation technologies
    • Y02T10/90Energy harvesting concepts as power supply for auxiliaries' energy consumption, e.g. photovoltaic sun-roof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/30Application of fuel cell technology to transportation
    • Y02T90/34Fuel cell powered electric vehicles [FCEV]

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To fit a power device for an electric motor car which uses a solar battery, to a car in an optimal state.
SOLUTION: The power device for the electric motor car is the one that charges a battery by a power-generation power, of a solar battery, and supplies power to a drive motor of the car from the battery. Along with arranging the modularized solar battery on the upper part of the car, the battery is arranged in the lower part of the car, and a lead wire led out from the car rear part side of the solar battery is laid around in the rear part of the car, and is connected to the battery.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2002,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、電気自動車やエンジンとモータとを併用したハイブリッド自動車などにおける駆動用モータに電力を供給する電動車両の電源装置に関する。 The present invention relates to a power supply device for an electric vehicle for supplying electric power to the drive motor in such a hybrid vehicle using a combination of an electric vehicle or engine and a motor.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来、自動車のルーフ上に太陽電池パネルを取り付けて、車載機器の電源に用いるようにしている。 Conventionally, attaching a solar panel on the roof of the automobile, so that used in the power supply of the in-vehicle apparatus. そして、その太陽電池パネルを太陽の向きに合せて回動して位置決めできる構造にしたものが開発されている(実開平6−55891号公報参照)。 Then, the solar cell panel that a structure can be positioned by rotating in accordance with the sun orientation has been developed (see Japanese Patent real-Open No. 6-55891).

【0003】 [0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】解決しようとする問題点は、自動車のルーフ上に太陽電池パネルを取り付けて車両内部に設けられている電気機器との間にリード配線を施すに際して、そのリードのとり回しが邪魔なものになっていることである。 [0005] A problem to be solved is, when mounted solar panels on the roof of the automobile is subjected to the lead wire between the electrical equipment is provided inside the vehicle, the lead it is to take screwdriver is in what way.

【0004】また、自動車のルーフ上に取り付けられた太陽電池パネル全体をその後端を支点として回動させるのでは、その太陽電池パネルを充分に回動させる際して、その先端の動きが大きくなってしまうことである。 [0004] than rotating the entire solar panel mounted on the roof of the car to the rear end as a fulcrum is to time to sufficiently rotate the solar panel, is movement of the tip is large and is that it will.

【0005】 [0005]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明による電動車両の電源装置は、太陽電池の発電力によってバッテリを充電して、そのバッテリから車両の駆動用モータに電力を供給するようにしたもので、特に、車両上部に配された太陽電池と車両下部に配されたバッテリとの間の配線が邪魔になるようなことがなく、太陽電池の車両後部側から引き出したリードを車両後部にとり回してバッテリに接続するようにしている。 Power supply for the electric vehicle according to the present invention SUMMARY OF] is to charge the battery by power generation of the solar cell, which was then supplied power from the battery to the drive motor of the vehicle, in particular, there is no such wires obstruct between the battery arranged in the vehicle lower solar cell arranged on the upper carriage, by turning taking a lead drawn from the vehicle rear side of the solar cell to the rear of the vehicle battery It is to be connected to.

【0006】そして、その太陽電池を折り曲げた状態で傾動させたり折りたたんだりすることができるように、 [0006] Then, in order to be able to collapse or is tilted in a state in which the folded its solar cells,
太陽電池を分割構造にしている。 It has a solar battery to the division structure.

【0007】 [0007]

【実施例】図1は本発明による電動車両の電源装置の一実施例を示すもので、モジュール化された太陽電池1の発電力によって二次バッテリ2を充電して、そのバッテリ2から車両の駆動用モータ3および車載の各種電気機器4に電力を供給するように構成されている。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of a power supply device for an electric vehicle according to the present invention, by charging the secondary battery 2 by the generating capacity of the solar cell 1 that is modular, from the battery 2 of the vehicle the drive motor 3 and the in-vehicle of various electric appliances 4 are configured to supply power.

【0008】そして、車両上部に配設された太陽電池1 [0008] Then, the solar cell 1 disposed on the upper carriage
と車両下部に配設されたバッテリ2との間に配線を施すに際して、太陽電池1の車両後部側から引き出したリード5を車両後部にとり回してバッテリ2に接続するようにしている。 And when subjected to wiring between the battery 2 disposed on the vehicle lower, it is to be connected to the battery 2 lead 5 drawn from the vehicle rear side of the solar cell 1 by turning taken up in the rear of the vehicle.

【0009】したがって、車両上部に配設された太陽電池1と車両下部に配設されたバッテリ2との間を接続するリード5を、車両のフロントガラス方にとり回すのではなく、車両後部にとり回すようにしているので、何ら邪魔になったり美観を損ねるようなことなく配線できるようになる。 Accordingly, the lead 5 which connects between the battery 2 disposed on the solar cell 1 and the vehicle bottom disposed in the vehicle top, rather than turn taken windshield side of the vehicle, turn taken to the rear of the vehicle since the way, it will be able to wiring without things like detract from the appearance or become any way.

【0010】また、ここでは、太陽電池1がオープンカーのルーフを兼用するように設けられている。 [0010] In addition, in this case, the solar cell 1 is provided so as to serve the roof of the open car. そして、 And,
太陽電池1を前後方向に折りたたむことができるように4つ(複数)に分割して、各分割された太陽電池11〜 It is divided into four so that it can be folded in the longitudinal direction of the solar cell 1 (s), solar cells 11 which are each divided
14の間にそれぞれフレキシブル配線51を施すようにしている。 Each between 14 so that applying the flexible wiring 51.

【0011】そして、図2に示すように、その太陽電池1の各分割箇所の上面に可撓性を有するシール部材6を接着して、防水性を確保するようにしている。 [0011] Then, as shown in FIG. 2, by bonding a sealing member 6 having flexibility on the upper surface of each divided portion of the solar cell 1, thereby ensuring the waterproofness.

【0012】車両の後部には太陽電池1の収納ケース7 [0012] The storage case 7 of the solar cell 1 is at the rear of the vehicle
が設けられており、折りたたんだ太陽電池1をそのケース7内に収納できるようにしている。 It is provided, so that can hold the solar cell 1 folded into the casing 7.

【0013】また、車両下部には燃料電池ユニット15 Further, the vehicle lower fuel cell unit 15
が設けられており、その発電力によってバッテリ2を充電するようにしている。 It is provided and so as to charge the battery 2 by the power generation.

【0014】その燃料電池ユニット15としては、メタノールタンク16から供給されるメタノールおよび水貯蔵装置17から供給される水が改質器18に与えられて改質により水素が発生し、その発生水素が燃料として燃料電池スタック19に供給されて発電が行われるようになっている。 [0014] As the fuel cell unit 15, water supplied from the methanol and the water storage apparatus 17 is supplied from the methanol tank 16 is provided to the reformer 18 the hydrogen is generated by reforming, its occurrence hydrogen power is supplied to the fuel cell stack 19 is to be carried out as a fuel.

【0015】さらに、車両の駆動軸にはジェネレータ8 [0015] In addition, the generator to the drive shaft of the vehicle 8
が取り付けられており、車両の走行時にジェネレータ8 And it is mounted, the generator 8 at the time of travel of the vehicle
の発生電力によってバッテリ2が充電されるようになっている。 So that the battery 2 is charged by the generated power.

【0016】図3は電界効果型の太陽電池1′を用いた場合を示しており、この場合にはバッテリ2から太陽電池1′に駆動電圧を印加するようにしている。 [0016] Figure 3 is as 'shows a case of using, in this case from the battery 2 solar cell 1' solar cell 1 of the field effect applies a driving voltage to the. その際、 that time,
太陽電池1′の車両後部側から引き出したリード20 Lead 20 drawn from the vehicle rear side of the solar cell 1 '
を、邪魔になるようなことなく車両後部にとり回して、 , Then rotate taken up in the rear of the vehicle without things like get in the way,
バッテリ2に接続するようにしている。 It is to be connected to the battery 2.

【0017】図4は、車両の駆動用モータ3に、車両の走行状態に応じて、バッテリ2による電力供給と燃料電池スタック19による電力供給とを適宜切り換えて行わせることができるようにしている。 [0017] Figure 4, the driving motor 3 of the vehicle, in accordance with the running state of the vehicle, so that it is possible to perform appropriately switching a power supply by the power supply and the fuel cell stack 19 by the battery 2 .

【0018】具体的には、図示しないECUの制御下で、車両のスタート時にはバッテリ2から駆動用モータ3に電力を供給するようにして車両のスタートを応答性良く行わせ、車両の走行中には燃料電池スタック19から駆動用モータ3に電力を供給するようにしてバッテリ2が過放電状態になることがないようにしている。 [0018] More specifically, under the control of the ECU, not shown, it is at the start of the vehicle to perform good response to the start of the vehicle so as to supply power to the drive motor 3 from the battery 2, while the vehicle is traveling so as to supply power from the fuel cell stack 19 to the drive motor 3 so that there is no the battery 2 becomes over-discharged state.

【0019】図5は、バッテリ2からリード20を車両後部にとり回して電界効果型の太陽電池1′に駆動電圧を供給するとともに、バッテリ2および燃料電池スタック19から駆動用モータ3に電力を切り換えながら供給できるようにした場合を示している。 [0019] FIG. 5 supplies the driving voltage from the battery 2 to the lead 20 to the solar cell 1 'of the field effect turning take the vehicle rear portion, switching the power to the drive motor 3 from the battery 2 and the fuel cell stack 19 while shows a case in which can be supplied.

【0020】また図6は本発明の他の実施例を示すもので、この場合は、太陽電池1を前後方向に折曲できるように2分割(多分割)して、それぞれの間にフレキシブル配線51を施すとともに、その分割箇所の上面に可撓性を有するシール部材6を接着するようにしている。 [0020] Figure 6 shows another embodiment of the present invention, in this case, two divided so as to be bent in the longitudinal direction of the solar cell 1 (multi-segment) to the flexible wiring between each 51 together subjected to, and to adhere the sealing member 6 having flexibility to the upper surface of the split point. その他の構成としては、図1に示した場合と同様である。 Other configurations are similar to those shown in FIG.

【0021】このように構成されたものでは、特に、駐車時に、図中点線で示すように、太陽電池1を折り曲げることによってその受光面を適宜傾斜させて、光Lsの入射効率を高めることができるようにしている。 [0021] in which such configured as described above, particularly, during parking, as indicated by a dotted line in the figure, with its light receiving surface is appropriately inclined by bending the solar cell 1, to increase the incident efficiency of light Ls It is possible way.

【0022】具体的には、特に図示しないが、その太陽電池1の設置部分には、2分割された太陽電池1の先端を後方に任意の位置にまでスライドさせて位置決めできるスライド機構が設けられている。 [0022] Specifically, although not particularly shown, the installation portion of the solar cell 1, a slide mechanism that the bisected distal end of the solar cell 1 can be positioned by sliding up to the desired position in the rear is provided ing.

【0023】このような太陽電池1を折り曲げることによってその受光面を適宜傾斜させるような構造は、図3 The structure as appropriate tilting the light receiving surface by bending such solar cell 1, Fig. 3
ないし図5に示した場合にあっても同様に適用が可能である。 Or it is possible to similarly apply even in the case shown in FIG.

【0024】 [0024]

【発明の効果】以上、本発明による電動車両の電源装置にあっては、太陽電池の発電力によってバッテリを充電して、そのバッテリから車両の駆動用モータに電力を供給するに際して,車両上部にモジュール化された太陽電池を配設するとともに車両下部にバッテリを配設し、太陽電池の車両後部側から引き出したリードを車両後部にとり回してバッテリに接続するようにしたもので、その配線を何ら邪魔になるようなことなく行わせて、最適な状態でその電源装置を車両に組み込むことができるという利点を有している。 Effect of the Invention] above, in the power supply of the electric vehicle according to the present invention, and charge the battery by power generation of the solar cell, when supplying power from the battery to the drive motor of the vehicle, the vehicle upper disposed the battery to the vehicle bottom with arranging a modularized solar cell, which has to be connected to the battery by turning taking a lead drawn from the vehicle rear side of the solar cell to the vehicle rear portion, any of the wires by done without the made such that disturbing, has the advantage that it is possible to incorporate the power supply to the vehicle in an optimum state.

【0025】また、その太陽電池を折り曲げた状態で傾動させたり折りたたんだりすることができるような分割構造にしているので、その太陽電池を不要なときには折りたたんで車両後部に収納させたり、その受光面を傾斜させて光の入射効率を高めるようにするなどの所望のレイアウトをとることができるという利点を有している。 Further, since the divided structure such that it can be folded or is tilted in a state of bending the solar cell, or is housed in a vehicle rear folded when the solar cell required, the light receiving surface thereof has the advantage of being able to an be tilted take the desired layout, such as to increase the incident efficiency of light.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明による電動車両の電源装置の一実施例を示す簡略構成図である。 1 is a simplified block diagram showing one embodiment of a power supply device for an electric vehicle according to the present invention.

【図2】同実施例における太陽電池部分の平面図である。 2 is a plan view of a solar cell portion in the same embodiment.

【図3】本発明による電動車両の電源装置の他の実施例を示す簡略構成図である。 3 is a simplified schematic diagram showing another embodiment of a power supply device for an electric vehicle according to the present invention.

【図4】本発明による電動車両の電源装置のさらに他の実施例を示す簡略構成図である。 It is a simplified schematic diagram showing still another embodiment of a power supply device for an electric vehicle according to the present invention; FIG.

【図5】本発明による電動車両の電源装置のさらに他の実施例を示す簡略構成図である。 5 is a simplified schematic diagram showing still another embodiment of a power supply device for an electric vehicle according to the present invention.

【図6】本発明による電動車両の電源装置のさらに他の実施例を示す簡略構成図である。 6 is a simplified schematic diagram showing still another embodiment of a power supply device for an electric vehicle according to the present invention.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 太陽電池 2 バッテリ 3 モータ 4 電気機器 5 リード 6 シールド部材 7 収納ケース 8 ジェネレータ 1′ 電界効果型太陽電池 20 リード 1 the solar cell 2 battery 3 motor 4 electric device 5 leads 6 shielding member 7 receiving case 8 generator 1 'field effect type solar cell 20 leads

フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl. 7識別記号 FI テーマコート゛(参考) H02J 7/35 H02J 7/35 H // B60K 6/02 H01M 8/00 A 16/00 B60K 9/00 C H01M 8/00 B Of the front page Continued (51) Int.Cl. 7 identification mark FI theme Court Bu (Reference) H02J 7/35 H02J 7/35 H // B60K 6/02 H01M 8/00 A 16/00 B60K 9/00 C H01M 8 / 00 B

Claims (5)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 太陽電池の発電力によってバッテリを充電して、そのバッテリから車両の駆動用モータに電力を供給する電動車両の電源装置であって、車両上部にモジュール化された太陽電池を配設するとともに車両下部にバッテリを配設し、太陽電池の車両後部側から引き出したリードを車両後部にとり回してバッテリに接続するようにしたことを特徴とする電動車両の電源装置。 1. A charge the battery by power generation of the solar cell, a power supply device for an electric vehicle for supplying electric power from the battery to the drive motor of the vehicle, distribution of the modularized solar cells on the vehicle upper disposed the battery to the vehicle bottom as well as setting the power supply device for an electric vehicle, characterized in that it has to be connected to the battery by turning taking a lead drawn from the vehicle rear side of the solar cell to the rear of the vehicle.
  2. 【請求項2】 太陽電池を前後方向に折曲できるように分割して、それぞれの間にフレキシブル配線を施すようにしたことを特徴とする請求項1の記載による電動車両の電源装置。 2. A dividing a solar cell to allow bending in the longitudinal direction, the power supply apparatus for an electric vehicle according to the description of claim 1, characterized in that it has to apply the flexible wiring between each.
  3. 【請求項3】 太陽電池の分割箇所の上面に可撓性を有するシール部材を接着したことを特徴とする請求項2の記載による電動車両の電源装置。 3. A power supply device for an electric vehicle according to the description of claim 2, characterized in that bonding the sealing member having a flexible top surface of the divided portions of the solar cell.
  4. 【請求項4】 太陽電池を折りたたんで車両後部に設けた収納部に収納できるようにしたことを特徴とする請求項2の記載による電動車両の電源装置。 4. A power supply device for an electric vehicle according to the description of claim 2, characterized in that it has to be housed in a housing portion provided on the vehicle rear fold the solar cell.
  5. 【請求項5】 太陽電池を折り曲げた状態で保持させる保持手段を設けたことを特徴とする請求項2の記載による電動車両の電源装置。 5. A power supply apparatus for an electric vehicle according to the description of claim 2, characterized in that a holding means for holding in a state of bending the solar cell.
JP2001086378A 2001-02-16 2001-02-16 Power device for electric motor car Pending JP2002247712A (en)

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