JP2001137789A - Apparatus for removing foreign matter - Google Patents

Apparatus for removing foreign matter

Info

Publication number
JP2001137789A
JP2001137789A JP32575699A JP32575699A JP2001137789A JP 2001137789 A JP2001137789 A JP 2001137789A JP 32575699 A JP32575699 A JP 32575699A JP 32575699 A JP32575699 A JP 32575699A JP 2001137789 A JP2001137789 A JP 2001137789A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
water
washing
tank
foreign matter
washing tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP32575699A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Akira Asami
明 浅見
Mitsuya Watanabe
光也 渡辺
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Creo Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Creo Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Creo Co Ltd filed Critical Creo Co Ltd
Priority to JP32575699A priority Critical patent/JP2001137789A/en
Publication of JP2001137789A publication Critical patent/JP2001137789A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Landscapes

  • Cleaning In General (AREA)
  • Cleaning By Liquid Or Steam (AREA)
  • Food-Manufacturing Devices (AREA)
  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To wash out insects and foreign matter adhering to vegetables cleanly. SOLUTION: Washing water is supplied into a washing tank 1 by a water supply pipe 19, the supplied water is made to overflow from an upper opening 21, air and water is ejected simultaneously into the tank 1 by a jet nozzle 7, the rotating flow of the washing water is formed, high density substances generated during washing are collected by a strainer 17 fitted to the bottom part drain opening of the tank 1, intermediate density substances are collected by a collection net 5, and low density substances are made to overflow from the opening 21.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】この発明は、野菜に適する異
物除去装置に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a foreign matter removing device suitable for vegetables.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】一般に、大量に出荷される野菜は、洗浄
装置によって洗浄される。
2. Description of the Related Art Generally, vegetables shipped in large quantities are washed by a washing device.

【0003】特に、野菜サラダ、あるいはパンの間に挟
んで直接、口に入れる野菜等にあっては、洗浄後にコン
ベアの上に広げて異物、虫等の付着の有無をチェックす
る工程を設けるようになっている。
[0003] In particular, in the case of vegetable salad or vegetables that are put directly into the mouth between breads, after washing, a step of spreading on a conveyor and checking for the presence of foreign matter, insects and the like is provided. It has become.

【0004】[0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】洗浄後に、人手によっ
て野菜をチェックする場合に、例えば、レタスのように
葉と葉の間に潜む虫や異物を完全に取除くことは難しい
のが現状である。
At the present time, when vegetables are manually checked after washing, it is difficult to completely remove insects or foreign substances lurking between leaves, such as lettuce. .

【0005】また、それらを完全に取除こうとするに
は、多大の労力と時間を必要とする。
In order to completely remove them, a great deal of labor and time are required.

【0006】そこで、この発明は、洗浄時に野菜表面及
び内部に潜入する虫や異物等を効率よく取除くことがで
きるようにした異物除去装置を提供することを目的とし
ている。
Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a foreign matter removing device capable of efficiently removing insects, foreign matter, and the like that enter the surface and inside of a vegetable during washing.

【0007】[0007]

【課題を解決するための手段】前記目的を達成するため
に、この発明の請求項1によれば、底部の排水口にスト
レーナが設けられた洗浄槽と、洗浄槽の内壁面のほぼ中
間部位に設けられた捕集ネットと、洗浄槽内に洗浄水を
給水し、給水した洗浄水を上方開放口からオーバーフロ
ーさせる給水管と、洗浄槽内に空気と水を同時に送り込
み、洗浄水に回転水流を与える噴射ノズルとからなって
いる。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a washing tank having a strainer provided at a bottom drain, and a substantially intermediate portion of an inner wall surface of the washing tank. And a water supply pipe that supplies washing water into the washing tank and overflows the supplied washing water from the upper opening, and simultaneously feeds air and water into the washing tank, And an injection nozzle.

【0008】これにより、洗浄槽内に投入された野菜
は、回転しながら洗浄される。この時、噴射ノズルから
噴射された気泡が当ってはじける時に、野菜に振動を与
え、例えば、葉と葉の間に潜む虫や異物を追い出す。野
菜から離れた虫や異物の内、比重の軽いものは浮上し、
上方開放口からオーバーフローする。重いものは、底の
ストレーナに集まるようになる。また、中間のものは捕
集ネットによって捕集され、虫や異物を効率よく確実に
取除くことができると共に、野菜への再付着がなくな
る。
Thus, the vegetables put into the washing tank are washed while rotating. At this time, when the air bubbles injected from the injection nozzle hit and burst, the vegetables are vibrated and, for example, insects and foreign substances lurking between the leaves are expelled. Of the insects and foreign substances away from the vegetables, those with a low specific gravity emerge,
Overflow from upper opening. Heavy things will collect on the bottom strainer. In addition, the intermediate product is collected by the collection net, so that insects and foreign substances can be efficiently and reliably removed, and reattachment to vegetables is eliminated.

【0009】また、この発明の請求項2によれば、噴射
ノズルから空気と一緒に洗浄槽内に噴射する水を、洗浄
槽の上方開放口からオーバーフローする洗浄水を利用す
る。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, the water jetted from the jet nozzle into the washing tank together with the air is used as the washing water overflowing from the upper opening of the washing tank.

【0010】これにより、大量に使用される洗浄水をろ
過し繰返し使用することで、洗浄水の節約につながると
共に、洗浄コスト面でも大変好ましいものとなる。
[0010] Thus, by filtering and repeatedly using washing water used in large quantities, it is possible to save washing water, and it is very preferable in terms of washing cost.

【0011】[0011]

【発明の実施の形態】以下、図1乃至図5の図面を参照
しながらこの発明の実施の形態について具体的に説明す
る。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS An embodiment of the present invention will be specifically described below with reference to FIGS.

【0012】図1において、1は異物除去装置3の洗浄
槽を示している。洗浄槽1の内部には、捕集ネット5と
噴射ノズル7がそれぞれ配置されている。
In FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a cleaning tank of the foreign matter removing device 3. Inside the cleaning tank 1, a collection net 5 and an injection nozzle 7 are respectively arranged.

【0013】捕集ネット5は、図3,図4に示すように
洗浄槽1の内壁面のほぼ中間部位の係止部9に、矢印方
向の回転水流に対して所定の後退角を有して着脱自在に
取付けられている。捕集ネット5の取入口11は、剛性
の材質で矩形状に形成され、比較的大きな異物、虫等が
とり込まれるよう大きなメッシュのネットがはられた形
状となっていて、回転水流に向かうようになっている。
また、捕集ネット5の捕集部13は小さなメッシュのネ
ットが設けられた形状となっていて、捕集ネット5を係
止部9から取外すことで、新しいものとの交換、あるい
は、捕集部13内の掃除が行なえるようになっている。
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the collection net 5 has a predetermined receding angle with respect to the rotating water flow in the direction of the arrow at the locking portion 9 substantially at the intermediate portion of the inner wall surface of the washing tank 1. It is attached detachably. The intake 11 of the collection net 5 is formed in a rectangular shape with a rigid material, and has a shape in which a net of a large mesh is cut so that relatively large foreign matter, insects, etc. are taken in, and heads toward the rotating water flow. It has become.
Further, the collecting portion 13 of the collecting net 5 has a shape in which a small mesh net is provided. By removing the collecting net 5 from the locking portion 9, the collecting portion 13 can be replaced with a new one or collected. The inside of the unit 13 can be cleaned.

【0014】洗浄槽1の底部の排水口15には、着脱可
能なストレーナ17が設けられると共に、洗浄槽1内に
は給水管19によって上方開放口21から洗浄水が給水
されるようになっている。
A detachable strainer 17 is provided at a drain port 15 at the bottom of the washing tank 1, and washing water is supplied into the washing tank 1 from an upper opening 21 by a water supply pipe 19. I have.

【0015】給水管19は図外の水道管と接続し、給水
弁23を制御することで、洗浄水を上方開放口21から
オーバーフロー水受け25へオーバーフローさせること
が可能となっている。
The water supply pipe 19 is connected to a water supply pipe (not shown), and by controlling a water supply valve 23, it is possible to cause the washing water to overflow from the upper opening 21 to the overflow water receiver 25.

【0016】オーバーフロー水受け25は、底部が排水
部27へ向けて下降傾斜し、その排水部27は一時貯留
受け槽29と連通している。したがって、洗浄槽1の上
方開放口21からオーバーフローした洗浄水は、オーバ
ーフロー水受け25からストレーナ31を介して一時貯
留受け槽29に送り込まれるようになっている。
The bottom of the overflow water receiver 25 is inclined downward toward the drain 27, and the drain 27 communicates with the temporary storage tank 29. Therefore, the washing water overflowing from the upper opening 21 of the washing tank 1 is sent from the overflow water receiver 25 to the temporary storage tank 29 via the strainer 31.

【0017】一時貯留受け槽29は、前記オーバーフロ
ー水受け25の外に、洗浄槽1の底部の排水口15と、
排水管33を介して連通し、排水管33には電磁弁3
5、流量調節部37、ストレーナ39が設けられてい
る。
The temporary storage receiving tank 29 includes a drain port 15 at the bottom of the washing tank 1 and the overflow water receiver 25.
The solenoid valve 3 is connected to the drain pipe 33 through a drain pipe 33.
5, a flow control unit 37 and a strainer 39 are provided.

【0018】一時貯留受け槽29は、循環パイプ41を
介して前記洗浄槽1内に配置された噴射ノズル7と接続
連通し合うと共に、底部には排水用のドレン管43が設
けられ、開閉弁45を開とすることで、外部への排水が
可能となっている。
The temporary storage tank 29 is connected and connected to the injection nozzle 7 disposed in the washing tank 1 via a circulation pipe 41, and a drain pipe 43 for drainage is provided at the bottom, and an opening / closing valve is provided. By opening 45, drainage to the outside is possible.

【0019】循環パイプ41には、循環ポンプ47の作
動によって一時貯留受け槽29内のオーバーフロー水が
前記噴射ノズル7へ向けて流れるようになると共に、電
磁弁49が設けられた空気供給管51を介して図外のコ
ンプレッサから圧縮空気が送り込まれるようになってい
る。この場合、空気を送り込む手段は、必ずしもコンプ
レッサを用いなくてもよく、ブロワ等の手段であっても
よい。
The circulating pump 47 allows the overflow water in the temporary storage tank 29 to flow toward the injection nozzle 7 by the operation of the circulating pump 47 and the air supply pipe 51 provided with the electromagnetic valve 49. Compressed air is sent from a compressor (not shown) through the compressor. In this case, the means for feeding air does not necessarily need to use a compressor, and may be a means such as a blower.

【0020】噴射ノズル7は、水の中に多数の気泡、空
気が存在する状態で、水と一緒に噴射すると共に、洗浄
槽1内の洗浄水に回転水流を与えるよう4箇所に配置さ
れている。
The spray nozzles 7 are arranged at four locations so as to spray together with the water in a state where many bubbles and air are present in the water, and to provide a rotating water flow to the cleaning water in the cleaning tank 1. I have.

【0021】このように構成された異物除去装置3によ
れば、給水管19によって洗浄水を洗浄槽1内へ給水
し、上方開放口21からオーバーフローさせる。と同時
に、噴射ノズル7から空気と水を同時に噴射し、回転水
流を作る。この状態において、洗浄槽1内へ野菜を投入
し、回転水流によって洗浄を行なう。この時、噴射ノズ
ル7から噴射される気泡が野菜に当り、あるいは野菜の
周囲ではじける時に、振動を与える。これにより、例え
ば、葉と葉の間に潜む虫や異物が追い出される。追い出
された虫やゴミあるいは、小石、砂、土等の異物の内、
比重の軽いものは、上方開放口21からオーバーフロー
する。比重の重いものは、底部の排水口15に設けられ
たストレーナ17に集まるようになる。また、中間のも
のは、捕集ネット5によって捕集されるようになる。
According to the thus configured foreign matter removing device 3, the washing water is supplied into the washing tank 1 by the water supply pipe 19 and overflows from the upper opening 21. At the same time, air and water are simultaneously injected from the injection nozzle 7 to create a rotating water flow. In this state, vegetables are put into the washing tank 1 and washing is performed by a rotating water flow. At this time, vibration is applied when the air bubbles injected from the injection nozzle 7 hit the vegetables or burst around the vegetables. Thereby, for example, insects and foreign substances lurking between the leaves are expelled. Insects and trash or foreign matter such as pebbles, sand, or soil,
Those having a low specific gravity overflow from the upper opening 21. Those having a high specific gravity collect in a strainer 17 provided in a drain port 15 at the bottom. In addition, the intermediate material is collected by the collection net 5.

【0022】ちなみに、レタス、グリーンカール、パセ
リに付着する虫について実験を行ない、図5に示すよう
に、洗浄完了後の数を調べた所、「なし」で良好な洗浄
結果が得られた。
By the way, an experiment was conducted on insects adhering to lettuce, green curls, and parsley, and as shown in FIG. 5, the number after the completion of washing was examined. As a result, good washing results were obtained with "none".

【0023】[0023]

【発明の効果】以上、説明したように、この発明の異物
除去装置によれば、野菜に付着する虫や異物あるいは汚
れをきれいに落とすことができる。特に、虫について
は、顕著な洗浄効果が得られる。
As described above, according to the foreign matter removing apparatus of the present invention, insects, foreign matter, and dirt adhering to vegetables can be cleanly removed. In particular, for insects, a remarkable cleaning effect can be obtained.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】この発明にかかる異物除去装置全体の概要説明
図。
FIG. 1 is a schematic explanatory view of an entire foreign matter removing apparatus according to the present invention.

【図2】異物除去装置の概要平面図。FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of the foreign matter removing device.

【図3】捕集ネットの斜視図。FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a collection net.

【図4】捕集ネットの取付け状態を示した一部の概要説
明図。
FIG. 4 is a partial schematic explanatory view showing an attached state of a collection net.

【図5】レタス、グリーンカール、パセリに付着した虫
の洗浄除去実験結果を示した説明図。
FIG. 5 is an explanatory diagram showing the results of an experiment for cleaning and removing insects attached to lettuce, green curls, and parsley.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 洗浄槽 5 捕集ネット 7 噴射ノズル 15 排水口 17 ストレーナ 19 給水管 21 上方開放口 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Washing tank 5 Collection net 7 Injection nozzle 15 Drainage port 17 Strainer 19 Water supply pipe 21 Upper opening port

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl.7 識別記号 FI テーマコート゛(参考) B08B 5/00 B08B 5/00 Z Fターム(参考) 3B116 AA46 AB01 BB02 BB03 BB23 BB38 BB88 CD22 3B201 AA46 AB01 BB02 BB04 BB23 BB38 BB62 BB88 CB01 CD22 4B053 AA03 AA10 CA30 4B061 BA01 CA03 CA40 ──────────────────────────────────────────────────続 き Continued on the front page (51) Int.Cl. 7 Identification symbol FI theme coat ゛ (reference) B08B 5/00 B08B 5/00 Z F-term (reference) 3B116 AA46 AB01 BB02 BB03 BB23 BB38 BB88 CD22 3B201 AA46 AB01 BB02 BB04 BB23 BB38 BB62 BB88 CB01 CD22 4B053 AA03 AA10 CA30 4B061 BA01 CA03 CA40

Claims (2)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 底部の排水口にストレーナが設けられた
洗浄槽と、洗浄槽の内壁面のほぼ中間部位に設けられた
捕集ネットと、洗浄槽内に洗浄水を給水し、給水した洗
浄水を上方開放口からオーバーフローさせる給水管と、
洗浄槽内に空気と水を同時に送り込み、洗浄水に回転水
流を与える噴射ノズルとからなることを特徴とする異物
除去装置。
A washing tank provided with a strainer at a bottom drain port, a collection net provided substantially at an intermediate portion of an inner wall surface of the washing tank, and washing water supplied to the washing tank; A water supply pipe that allows water to overflow from the upper opening,
A foreign matter removing device, comprising: an injection nozzle that simultaneously sends air and water into a washing tank and gives a rotating water flow to the washing water.
【請求項2】 噴射ノズルから空気と一緒に洗浄槽内に
噴射する水は、洗浄槽の上方開放口からオーバーフロー
する洗浄水を利用することを特徴とする請求項1記載の
異物除去装置。
2. The foreign matter removing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the water jetted from the jet nozzle together with the air into the cleaning tank uses cleaning water overflowing from an upper opening of the cleaning tank.
JP32575699A 1999-11-16 1999-11-16 Apparatus for removing foreign matter Pending JP2001137789A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP32575699A JP2001137789A (en) 1999-11-16 1999-11-16 Apparatus for removing foreign matter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP32575699A JP2001137789A (en) 1999-11-16 1999-11-16 Apparatus for removing foreign matter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2001137789A true JP2001137789A (en) 2001-05-22

Family

ID=18180292

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP32575699A Pending JP2001137789A (en) 1999-11-16 1999-11-16 Apparatus for removing foreign matter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2001137789A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005095756A (en) * 2003-09-24 2005-04-14 Hiroshi Hanai Gravel removal method, gravel removal tool, and gravel removal apparatus
JP4567808B1 (en) * 2010-01-27 2010-10-20 小嶺機械株式会社 Food cleaning equipment
KR101690004B1 (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-12-27 차상민 Direct Injection type cleaning and steam aging device
CN114340757A (en) * 2020-04-10 2022-04-12 艾莎株式会社 Filtering device with multiple structures for filtering, separating and dehydrating foreign matters in water
CN115415237A (en) * 2022-07-19 2022-12-02 江苏大墩子银杏生物科技有限公司 Automatic extraction equipment in ginkgo extract production process
JP7307232B1 (en) 2022-04-27 2023-07-11 株式会社御池鐵工所 FOOD CLEANING DEVICE AND FOOD CLEANING METHOD

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005095756A (en) * 2003-09-24 2005-04-14 Hiroshi Hanai Gravel removal method, gravel removal tool, and gravel removal apparatus
JP4567808B1 (en) * 2010-01-27 2010-10-20 小嶺機械株式会社 Food cleaning equipment
JP2011152084A (en) * 2010-01-27 2011-08-11 Komine Kikai Kk Food washer
KR101690004B1 (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-12-27 차상민 Direct Injection type cleaning and steam aging device
CN114340757A (en) * 2020-04-10 2022-04-12 艾莎株式会社 Filtering device with multiple structures for filtering, separating and dehydrating foreign matters in water
CN114340757B (en) * 2020-04-10 2023-02-17 艾莎株式会社 Filtering device with multiple structures for filtering, separating and dehydrating foreign matters in water
JP7307232B1 (en) 2022-04-27 2023-07-11 株式会社御池鐵工所 FOOD CLEANING DEVICE AND FOOD CLEANING METHOD
JP2023163013A (en) * 2022-04-27 2023-11-09 株式会社御池鐵工所 Food washing device and food washing method
CN115415237A (en) * 2022-07-19 2022-12-02 江苏大墩子银杏生物科技有限公司 Automatic extraction equipment in ginkgo extract production process
CN115415237B (en) * 2022-07-19 2023-12-12 江苏大墩子银杏生物科技有限公司 Automatic extraction equipment in ginkgo extract production process

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