GB2187217A - Metallised string for rackets, instruments, fishing, etc - Google Patents

Metallised string for rackets, instruments, fishing, etc Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2187217A
GB2187217A GB8700329A GB8700329A GB2187217A GB 2187217 A GB2187217 A GB 2187217A GB 8700329 A GB8700329 A GB 8700329A GB 8700329 A GB8700329 A GB 8700329A GB 2187217 A GB2187217 A GB 2187217A
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GB
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
string
core
metal film
main body
fibre
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB8700329A
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GB8700329D0 (en )
Inventor
Yutaka Anzai
Original Assignee
Yutaka Anzai
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Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D07ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
    • D07BROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL
    • D07B1/00Constructional features of ropes or cables
    • D07B1/02Ropes built-up from fibrous or filamentary material, e.g. of vegetable origin, of animal origin, regenerated cellulose, plastics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K91/00Lines
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/36Cored or coated yarns or threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/40Yarns in which fibres are united by adhesives; Impregnated yarns or threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/44Yarns or threads characterised by the purpose for which they are designed
    • D02G3/444Yarns or threads for use in sports applications
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D07ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
    • D07BROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL
    • D07B1/00Constructional features of ropes or cables
    • D07B1/02Ropes built-up from fibrous or filamentary material, e.g. of vegetable origin, of animal origin, regenerated cellulose, plastics
    • D07B1/025Ropes built-up from fibrous or filamentary material, e.g. of vegetable origin, of animal origin, regenerated cellulose, plastics comprising high modulus, or high tenacity, polymer filaments or fibres, e.g. liquid-crystal polymers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D3/00Details of, or accessories for, stringed musical instruments, e.g. slide-bars
    • G10D3/10Strings
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D07ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
    • D07BROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL
    • D07B2201/00Ropes or cables
    • D07B2201/20Rope or cable components
    • D07B2201/2015Strands
    • D07B2201/2042Strands characterised by a coating
    • D07B2201/2043Strands characterised by a coating comprising metals
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D07ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
    • D07BROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL
    • D07B2205/00Rope or cable materials
    • D07B2205/20Organic high polymers
    • D07B2205/201Polyolefins
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D07ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
    • D07BROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL
    • D07B2205/00Rope or cable materials
    • D07B2205/20Organic high polymers
    • D07B2205/2046Polyamides, e.g. nylons
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D07ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
    • D07BROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL
    • D07B2205/00Rope or cable materials
    • D07B2205/20Organic high polymers
    • D07B2205/2046Polyamides, e.g. nylons
    • D07B2205/205Aramides
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D07ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
    • D07BROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL
    • D07B2205/00Rope or cable materials
    • D07B2205/20Organic high polymers
    • D07B2205/2071Fluor resins

Abstract

The string comprises a main body of synthetic fiber and a metal film coating the main body over at least part of the surface thereof. Monofilaments can be wound in a layer around a monofilament core. The metal film is then formed over the surface of the resulting assembly, or over the surface of the core and the surface of the wound monofilaments. The body may comprise twisted multifilaments. The synthetic fibre may be one or more of polyester, polyamide, fluorocarbon and polyolefin fibres. Metals for the coating are listed. The metal film gives the string greatly improved resistance to abrasion, water and light.

Description

SPECIFICATION String for rackets, stringed instruments, fishing, etc.

Strings of synthetic fibers such as polyamide and polyester fibers are generally used at presentas strings for tennis and like rackets, stringed instruments, etc. in place ofthose made of natural material, such as guts and strings obtained from whales, which were used for a long time. Similarly, various synthetic fibersare used in placeofnatural materials for fishing lines and fishing nets.

Strings of synthetic fibers have many advantages overthose made of natural material; more abundant materials are available, and the strings are inexpensive and easy to make and generally have high strength. However, they still remain to be improved in resistance to abrasion and to light and are not full satisfactory in durability.

When this problem is considered,forexample, in the case ofthe string fortennis rackets, it is noted that the string is liable to break owing to the friction between the main string portion (so-called main string) and the cross string portion (cross string). This drawback is attributable to the following two causes.

(1 ) When the head of the racket is to be stringed, the string is stretched first lengthwise thereof and then crosswise. When setting a cross string in place, the cross string is forcibly pulled quickly in frictional contact with a particular portion of each main string, consequently forming a U-shaped indentation in the main string. In an extreme case, it is likely that the main string will be damaged to a depth approximate to one-half of its diameter. If the racket is used in this state, the impact of the ball breaks the main string in a short period oftime.

(2) When hitting the ball, the racket is frequently moved transversely thereof to give a rotation to the ball. Everytimethe racket is swung in this manner, the ball is liableto displacesome main strings infrictional contact with cross strings. Consequently, a flaw develops in a particular portion ofthe main stringto breakthestring at this portion.

To obviate the above problem, silicone oil, wax or like lubricant is conventionally applied to the string, or the string is coated with a resin solution or molten resin before the application of the lubricant.

During playing, the string is subjected to momen ta n/ great friction by the ball, so that heat of friction of considerably high temperature develops when the racket strikes the ball, consequently melting the surface of the string locally. Accordingly, every time the ball is struck, fine particles of sand or duston the surface of the tennis court are carried by the ball and adhere to the molten portion. The portion is therefore subjected to enhanced friction which results in increased abrasion. Furthermore, everytimethe ball is struck, the ball removes the lubricant from the surface ofthe string to permitfurtherabrasion of the string.

Improved durabiity of the string is dependent on howto give enhanced abrasion resistance to the surfaceofthestringforthe prevention of abrasion. Itis desirableto coatthe string with a resin having a high melting point and high smoothness so asto diminish abrasion on the string surface, whereas there is no resin which has a high melting point and exhibits good adhesion to polyamide most widely used as the material of the string. Extreme difficulties are therefore encountered in giving improved abrasion resistance to the surface ofthe string.

It is also proposed to incorporate a metal powder into the surface layer portion of the string as another means for improving the abrasion resistance of the string, but it is impossible to uniformly incorporate the metal powder, so that it isdifficultto impart uniform abrasion resistance to the entire surface layer of the string. The proposal, moreover, involves the problem that the metal particles exposed from the surface with the progess of abrasion causes promoted abrasion.

Theforegoing problems are not limited onlytothe stringsfortennis, badminton and like rackets but are invariably encountered with the strings of stringed instruments which are subjected to friction and also with fishing stringsfor use asfishing linesorfor fishing nets which are subjected to friction and exposed to sunlight. It is strongly desired in the artto solve these problems.

The present invention, which has been accomplished to overcome the above problems, relates to improvements in strings for rackets, stringed instruments, fishing, etc.

The main object of the present invention is to provide a string for rackets, stringed instruments, fishing, etc. which comprises a main body made of a synthetic fiber and having a surface with high abrasion resistance.

Another object ofthe present invention is to provide a string ofthetype stated above having high resistance to light, water and humidity, which, along with the high abrasion resistance, gives greatly prolonged life to the string.

The string of the present invention for use in rackets, stringed instruments, fishing, etc. comprises a main body made of a synthetic fiber and coated with a metal film at least overthesurfacethereof.

The string main body ofthe present invention comprises a single monofilament, or a plurality of monofilaments twisted together, or a multiplicity of multifilaments.

According to another embodiment ofthe invention, the string main body comprises a core in the form of a single monofilament and a pluralityofmonofilaments wound around the core in the form of at least one layer and bonded to the core with an adhesive.

The metal film coating the string main body is formed only over the surface of the main body, or over the surface ofthe core and the surfaces ofthe monofilamentswound around the core.

The string main body ofthe present invention is made of at least one synthetic fiber selected from the group consisting of polyester, polyamide, fluorocarbon, aramid and polyolefin fibers.

Further according to the present invention, the metal film is prepared from at least one ofAl, Cr, Cu, Ni, Ti, Ag, Au, Zn, etc., or is prepared using such metals incombination.

The strings thus constructed according to the invention havethefollowing advantages.

(1) The surface ofthe string is made of metal in place of synthetic fiber of a film of synthetic resin conventionally used. This gives the string surface a much higher melting point and also remarkably improved resistance to abrasion, water and humidity.

(2) The conventional string is coated with a protective resin film which is about 20 to about 30 pm in thickness, whereas the metal film can be as thin as about 1/10 to 1/1000 of thins thickness. The present string can therefore be made thinner, less bulky and morelightweightas recently required.

(3) The metal film completelyshieldsthestring main body from the rays of sunlight, fluorescent lamps, etc., preventing the string main body from deterioration by ultraviolet rays to assure improved resistance to light (4) The metal film, which is hard, is resistant to development of minute flaws leading to breaks.

(5) The metal film, which can be very small in thickness, gives the string the same configuration, surface texture and hand as the underlying string main body.

(6) The metalfim can beverythinandtherefore retains sufficientflexibility. The hardness or stiffness ofthe string is easily controllable by varying the thickness ofthefilm.

(7) The string ofthe invention is usablefortennis, badminton and like rackets in place ofthe catgut and is also widely usab!e as the strings of stringed instru ments, fishing lines, strings for making fishing nets, etc. which must be resistantto abrasion orsunlight.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. lisa perspective view showing an embodiment ofthe present invention; Fig. 2 is an enlarged view in section taken along the line Il-Il in Fig. 1; Figs. 3to 8 are enlarged views in section showing otherdifferentembodiments; and Fig. 9 is a perspective view showing a device for measuring abrasion resistance.

Figs. 1 and 2 show a string mosttypical ofthose embodying the invention for use in rackets, stringed instruments, fishing, etc. With reference to these drawings, a string main body 1 is made of a single nylon monofilament. The string main body 1 is coated with a metal film 2 of Ni having a small thickness of up to 1000 angstromsto provide a string S.

The metalfilm 2 is formed over the string main body 1 by metal vacuum evaporation process or chemical plating process. These processes will be described below.

Metal vacuum evaporation process The string main body 1 is first dried in a vacuum when so required and then led into a vacuum evaporation apparatus. In preparation forthe process, the string main body is wound on a feed beam by a warper. Preferab ly,the string main body is slightly rotated when passing through the evaporation zone so that the metal to be applied will be deposited uniformly on the body. The string main body can be so rotated, for example, by rotating the bobbin to twist i the body by an amount of 5to 1 OTIM before winding the body on the beam, and thereafter winding the body on the beam. The string main body then rotates reversely when moving toward atake-up beam through the evaporation zone.The evaporation is conducted in avacuum of about 2 x 1 r4 mm Hg.

Examples of metals useful for evaporation are, besides Ni, Al, Cr, Cu, Ti, Ag, Au, Zn and the like. These metals are used singly, orat least two of them are used in combination. Among these metals, Al, Cu and the like have high thermal conductivity and are advantageous in respect of resistance to heat and chargeability, for example, for racket strings since heat offriction will not build up in the metal during use. The thickness ofthe deposited metal film 2 is generally up to 1000 angstroms but can be about 100 angstroms when so required. The vacuum evaporation process has the advantagethatsincethe metal film 2 is formed on the string main body 1 which is in a drystate,the resulting body will not absorb moisture which could result in reduced strength. Especially when the string main body is made of polyamide, this is a great advantage.

Chemical plating process When this process is resorted to, a polyester monofilament 0.8 in intrinsic viscosity and having 90 terminal carboxyl groups is used for forming the string main body 1. The monofilament is first degreased, sensitized, activated and thereafter plated with a metal such as Ni, Cr, Cu, Co orthe like. While this process gives a largerthickness, e.g. about 1 pm (10000 angstroms), to the metal film 2 than the vacuum evaporation process, films several micrometers in thickness can also be formed.

When there arises a need to colorthe metal film obtained bythevacuum evaporation process or chemical plating process, the metal film may be coated with a resin solution containing a coloring agent. Further the metal film may be coated with a smoothening or lubricating agent to impart improved abrasion resistance and surface smoothness to the string.

Strings coated with a metal film according to the invention and conventional strings having no metal film were tested for abrasion resistance, with the results given in Table 1 below.

With reference to Table 1, the symbol A represents string specimens comprising a single polyester monofilament, and the symbol B represents string specimens comprising a single polyamide monofilament 1.0 mm in diameter and serving as a core and 22 polyamide monofilaments having a diameter of 0.16 mm and helically wound aroundthecoreintheform of a single layer. Ofthese specimens A and B, specimens A-1 and B-1 have no metal film, specimens A-2 and B-2 have an Al film with a thickness of 0.1 pom andformedbyvacuum evaporation, and specimens A-3 and B-3 have an Nifilmwith a thickness of 1 pm and formed by chemical plating.

Table I Specimen Diameter Abrasion resistance (mm) (number of pulls) A-1 1.25 4 A-2 1.25 260 A-3 1.251 350 B-1 1.31 2 B-2 1.31 220 B-3 7.311 320 The specimen was tested by the device shown in Fig. 9. With reference to Fig. 9, a table C is provided on the upper side thereof at each end with suitably spaced recessed portions A and projections B. Eleven strings S1 are stretched between the opposed pairs of recessed portions A, A and between the opposed pairs of projections B, B. A single string S2 is positioned across the strings S1 at right angles therewith, underthe strings S1 extending between the pairs of recessed portions A, A and overthe strings S1 between the pairs of projections B, B. The top ofthe projection B is 5 mm above the bottom of the recessed portion A.Each string S1 is 20 cm in length. The strings S1 are subjected to a tension of 70 pounds. The string S2 is loaded with a 3-kg weight attached to one end of the string S2. The other end of the string S2 is connected via a counter G to the free end of an arm F attached to a motor E. In this state, the arm F is revolved at 1 revolution per second to repeatedlypullthestringS2with an amplitude of 20 cm in frictional contact with the strings S1 to count the numberof pulls when one ofthe strings S1 broke.

The greaterthe count, the higher is the abrasion resistance of the specimen.

The following specimens were also tested four resistance to light.

Specimen I A string according to the invention comprising a string main body 1.35 mm in diameter and coated with an Ni plated film having a thickness of 0.5 pom.

The main body comprises a single polyamide monofilament having a diameter of 0.98 mm and serving as a core, and 22 polyamide monofilaments having a diaterof0.16 mm and helicallywound around the core in the form of a single layer.

Specimen II A conventional string having a diameter of 1.39 mm and prepared by coating the same string main body as above with molten polyamide resin.

A 40-cm length of each specimen was placed into a light resistance tester equipped with two fluorescent lamps,30 and 20 cm in diameter, and was continuously irradiated with the lightsource at a distance of 10cm therefrom. The interior ofthe tester was maintained at a temperature of 20"C and humidity of 65%.

Table 2 shows the results, indicating that the string ofthe invention has outstanding resistance to light.

Table 2 Tensile strength in straight state Tensile strength in knoffed state (kg) (kg) Diameter of Days 0 day After 7 After 14 After 21 0 day After 7 After 14 After 21 specimen days days days days days days (mm) I 72 72 72 72 44 43 43 43 1.35 II 72 68 66 65 44 37 33 31 1.39 Table 2 indicates that when the string main body is made of polyamide, the knot strength ofthe conventional string decreases about 10 to about 20% owing to the absorption of moisture, whereas the metal film coating the main body according to the invention almost completely precludes strength reduction.

Other embodiments of the invention will be described belowbrieflywith referenceto Figs.3to8.

Fig. 3 shows a string S comprising a main body 5 coated with a metal film 6 of Ni having a small thickness of up to 1000 angstroms. The main body 5 comprises a single thick nylon monofilament serving as a core 3 and a multiplicity of thin nylon monofila ments4wound in a layeraroundthecore3and bonded thereto with an adhesive.

Fig. 4shows a string S comprising a main body 10 and an Al film 11 coating the main body and having a small thickness of up to 1000 angstroms. The main body 10 comprises a single thick polyester monofilamentserving as a core7 and coated with an Al film 8 having a small thickness of up to 1000 angstroms, and a multiplicity ofthin nylon monofilaments 9 wound around the film 8 in theform of single layer and bonded to the film with an adhesive.

Fig. 5 shows a string S comprising a main body 14 which includes a single thick nylon monofilament serving as a core 12 and a thin Ni film 13 coating the core 12 and upto 1000 angstroms in thickness. A multiplicityofthin nylon monofilaments 15 each coated with athin Ni film 16 of upto 1000 angstroms in thickness are used as winding elements 17. These elements 17 are wound in a single layeraroundthe main body 14 and bonded thereto with an adhesive.

Fig. 6 shows a string S comprising a main body 19 in the form of a thick nylon monofilament serving as a corel8.Amultiplicityofthinnylon monofilaments20 are each coated with athin Crfilm 21 of to 1000 angstroms in thickness and serve as winding elements22. These elements 22 arewound in a single layer around the main body 19 and bonded thereto with an adhesive.

Fig.7 shows a string S comprising a main body 24 formed by twisting together a multiplicity of thin polyester monofilaments 23, and a thin Ni film 25 coating the main body 24 and up to 1000 angstroms in thickness.

Fig. 8 shows a string S comprising a main body 27 formed by twisting together a multiplicity of nylon multifilaments 26, and a thin Crfilm 28 coating the main body 27 and upto 1000 angstroms in thickness.

Although not shown, a multiplicity of thin synthetic monofilaments each coated with the desired metal film may be twisted togetherto form a string main coated with metal.

Any string of the foregoing embodiments is exceedingly superiorto the conventional string having no metal film in respect of resistanceto abrasion, light and moisture, tensile strength, etc.

While the present invention has been described above with referencetothe preferred embodiments of the invention, these embodiments are given merely for illustrative purposes and are in no way limitative. Various modifications and alterations withinthe definition ofthe appended claims are therefore included within the scope ofthe invention.

Claims (14)

1. String comprising a body ofsyntheticfibre coated with a metal film over at least partofthe surface thereof.
2. String as claimed in claim 1, wherein the body comprises a monofilament.
3. String as claimed in claim 1, wherein the body comprises monofilamentstwisted together.
4. String as claimed in claim 1, wherein the body comprises multifilaments twisted together.
5. String as claimed in claim 1, wherein the body comprises (a) a core of monofilament and (b) monofilamentswound around the core in the form of at least one layer; and wherein the metal film is formed overthe su rface of the core a nd over the surfaces ofthe monofilaments wound around the core.
6. String as claimed in claim 1, wherein the body comprises (a) a core of monofilament and (b) monofilaments wound around the core in the form of at least one layer; and wherein the metal film is formed overonlythe exposed surfaces ofthe monofilamentswound around the core.
7. String as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6, wherein the synthetic fibre is one or more of polyester fibre, polyamide fibre, fluorocarbon fibre, aramid fibre and polyolefin fibre.
8. String as claimed in any of claims 1 to 7, wherein the metal is Al, Cr, Cu, Ni, Ti, Ag, Au and Zn, oratleasttwothereofin combination.
9. String substantially as hereinbefore described with reference 'to and as shown' in Figures 1 and 2, Figure 3, Figure4, Figure 5, Figure 6, Figure 7 or Figure 8, ofthe drawings.
10. A racketwhose string is string as claimed in any of claims 1 to 9.
11. A stringed instrument whose string is string as claimed in any of claims 1 to 9.
12. Afishing line made of string as claimed in any of claims 1 to 9.
13. Afishing net made of string as claimed in any of claims1 to9.
14. Afilamentfor use, inter alia, as a strin g for a racket, as a string for a stringed instrument, as a fishing line, or in making fishing nets, the filament comprising a body of syntheticfibre coated with a metal film over at least part ofthe surfacethereof.
GB8700329A 1986-01-23 1987-01-08 String for rackets Withdrawn GB8700329D0 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP828286U JPH0315086Y2 (en) 1986-01-23 1986-01-23

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8700329D0 GB8700329D0 (en) 1987-02-11
GB2187217A true true GB2187217A (en) 1987-09-03

Family

ID=11688824

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB8700329A Withdrawn GB8700329D0 (en) 1986-01-23 1987-01-08 String for rackets

Country Status (5)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH0315086Y2 (en)
CN (1) CN87100332A (en)
DE (1) DE3701503A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2594700B3 (en)
GB (1) GB8700329D0 (en)

Cited By (11)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0329924A2 (en) * 1988-02-26 1989-08-30 THOMASTIK-INFELD GESELLSCHAFT m.b.H. Musical string
FR2652826A1 (en) * 1989-10-09 1991-04-12 Deboissy Sa Composite fibre (thread) comprising a twisted multifilament core jacketed with a sheath constituted by the winding of a fine wire with touching turns
EP0593762A1 (en) * 1991-07-08 1994-04-27 ITO, Keisuke String for musical instrument
WO1995020703A1 (en) * 1994-01-31 1995-08-03 Lozetex-Zwirne Gmbh Line, in particular a fishing line, and method of manufacturing it
US5801319A (en) * 1995-11-22 1998-09-01 W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Strings for musical instruments
US5907113A (en) * 1995-11-22 1999-05-25 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Strings for musical instruments
WO2003067571A1 (en) * 2002-02-07 2003-08-14 Ilan Smolarski Cymbals, strings and components for musical instruments and a method of treating therefor
US6765136B2 (en) 2002-01-16 2004-07-20 Gibson Guitar Corp. Hydrophobic polymer string treatment
US7217876B2 (en) 2003-11-14 2007-05-15 Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc. Strings for musical instruments
WO2013065074A1 (en) * 2011-10-31 2013-05-10 Redaelli Tecna Spa Composite wire with protective external metallic mantle and internal fibre
EP2843128A1 (en) * 2013-09-03 2015-03-04 Teijin Aramid B.V. Synthetic tracking fiber

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DE10200965A1 (en) * 2002-01-12 2003-07-31 Rolf Schumacher core yarn
DE20318200U1 (en) * 2003-11-25 2004-02-19 Pirastro Gmbh String for musical instrument consists of steel wire wrapped with wire or coating of titanium alloy and has fastening eye held in bent-back and wrapped end
DE102006053406B3 (en) * 2006-11-10 2008-06-26 Gustav Pirazzi & Comp. Kg musical string
CN104403160A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-03-11 常熟市先锋乐器有限公司 High-toughness string
CN104464693A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-03-25 常熟市先锋乐器有限公司 String with stable pitch
CN105513570A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-20 常熟市先锋乐器有限公司 High-toughness string

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GB731812A (en) * 1951-03-29 1955-06-15 Goodrich Co B F Improvements in or relating to flexible glass filament yarns, articles made therefrom, and method of making same
GB738869A (en) * 1952-10-09 1955-10-19 Goodrich Co B F Improvements in or relating to flexible filaments, articles made therefrom and methods of making the same
GB891768A (en) * 1957-09-11 1962-03-21 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Improvements in or relating to strands comprising bonded glass filaments
GB897155A (en) * 1958-07-23 1962-05-23 Willi Bayer Strings for musical instruments and processes for making the same
GB1045997A (en) * 1965-04-29 1966-10-19 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Strands or yarns composed of coated filaments of heat softenable material
GB1196078A (en) * 1968-05-17 1970-06-24 Teijin Ltd Textile Materials having Durable Antistatic Properties
GB1417394A (en) * 1971-10-18 1975-12-10 Ici Ltd Conductive textile materials
GB1558510A (en) * 1976-03-31 1980-01-03 Nippon Carbon Co Ltd Racket strings

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB731812A (en) * 1951-03-29 1955-06-15 Goodrich Co B F Improvements in or relating to flexible glass filament yarns, articles made therefrom, and method of making same
GB721879A (en) * 1951-08-25 1955-01-12 Nat Res Corp Improvements in or relating to the coating of threads with metals
GB738869A (en) * 1952-10-09 1955-10-19 Goodrich Co B F Improvements in or relating to flexible filaments, articles made therefrom and methods of making the same
GB891768A (en) * 1957-09-11 1962-03-21 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Improvements in or relating to strands comprising bonded glass filaments
GB897155A (en) * 1958-07-23 1962-05-23 Willi Bayer Strings for musical instruments and processes for making the same
GB1045997A (en) * 1965-04-29 1966-10-19 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Strands or yarns composed of coated filaments of heat softenable material
GB1196078A (en) * 1968-05-17 1970-06-24 Teijin Ltd Textile Materials having Durable Antistatic Properties
GB1417394A (en) * 1971-10-18 1975-12-10 Ici Ltd Conductive textile materials
GB1558510A (en) * 1976-03-31 1980-01-03 Nippon Carbon Co Ltd Racket strings

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0329924A3 (en) * 1988-02-26 1991-09-11 THOMASTIK-INFELD GESELLSCHAFT m.b.H. Musical string
EP0329924A2 (en) * 1988-02-26 1989-08-30 THOMASTIK-INFELD GESELLSCHAFT m.b.H. Musical string
FR2652826A1 (en) * 1989-10-09 1991-04-12 Deboissy Sa Composite fibre (thread) comprising a twisted multifilament core jacketed with a sheath constituted by the winding of a fine wire with touching turns
EP0593762A1 (en) * 1991-07-08 1994-04-27 ITO, Keisuke String for musical instrument
EP0593762A4 (en) * 1991-07-08 1996-03-06 Keisuke Ito String for musical instrument
US5771673A (en) * 1994-01-31 1998-06-30 Lozetex-Zwirne Gmbh, Et Al Line, in particular fishing line, as well as method for its production
WO1995020703A1 (en) * 1994-01-31 1995-08-03 Lozetex-Zwirne Gmbh Line, in particular a fishing line, and method of manufacturing it
US6528709B2 (en) 1995-11-22 2003-03-04 Charles G. Hebestreit Strings for musical instruments
US5801319A (en) * 1995-11-22 1998-09-01 W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Strings for musical instruments
US5907113A (en) * 1995-11-22 1999-05-25 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Strings for musical instruments
US6248942B1 (en) 1995-11-22 2001-06-19 Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc. Strings for musical instruments
US5883319A (en) * 1995-11-22 1999-03-16 W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Strings for musical instruments
US6765136B2 (en) 2002-01-16 2004-07-20 Gibson Guitar Corp. Hydrophobic polymer string treatment
WO2003067571A1 (en) * 2002-02-07 2003-08-14 Ilan Smolarski Cymbals, strings and components for musical instruments and a method of treating therefor
US7217876B2 (en) 2003-11-14 2007-05-15 Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc. Strings for musical instruments
WO2013065074A1 (en) * 2011-10-31 2013-05-10 Redaelli Tecna Spa Composite wire with protective external metallic mantle and internal fibre
EP2843128A1 (en) * 2013-09-03 2015-03-04 Teijin Aramid B.V. Synthetic tracking fiber

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPS62119966U (en) 1987-07-30 application
FR2594700B3 (en) 1988-07-15 grant
DE3701503A1 (en) 1987-08-20 application
JPH0315086Y2 (en) 1991-04-03 grant
GB8700329D0 (en) 1987-02-11 grant
CN87100332A (en) 1987-08-05 application
FR2594700A1 (en) 1987-08-28 application

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