GB2186253A - Shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material - Google Patents

Shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material Download PDF

Info

Publication number
GB2186253A
GB2186253A GB8625751A GB8625751A GB2186253A GB 2186253 A GB2186253 A GB 2186253A GB 8625751 A GB8625751 A GB 8625751A GB 8625751 A GB8625751 A GB 8625751A GB 2186253 A GB2186253 A GB 2186253A
Authority
GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
shock
sheet material
synthetic resin
wrapping
packaging sheet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB8625751A
Other versions
GB8625751D0 (en )
GB2186253B (en )
Inventor
Katsumi Niwa
Original Assignee
Katsumi Niwa
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/06Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B27/08Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of synthetic resin
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B15/00Layered products comprising a layer of metal
    • B32B15/04Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising metal as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B15/08Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising metal as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of synthetic resin
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/30Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising vinyl (co)polymers; comprising acrylic (co)polymers
    • B32B27/304Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising vinyl (co)polymers; comprising acrylic (co)polymers comprising vinyl halide (co)polymers, e.g. PVC, PVDC, PVF, PVDF
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/30Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising vinyl (co)polymers; comprising acrylic (co)polymers
    • B32B27/306Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising vinyl (co)polymers; comprising acrylic (co)polymers comprising vinyl acetate or vinyl alcohol (co)polymers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/32Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising polyolefins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B3/00Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form
    • B32B3/26Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a particular shape of the outline of the cross-section of a continuous layer; characterised by a layer with cavities or internal voids ; characterised by an apertured layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D65/00Wrappers or flexible covers; Packaging materials of special type or form
    • B65D65/38Packaging materials of special type or form
    • B65D65/44Applications of resilient shock-absorbing materials, e.g. foamed plastics material, honeycomb material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/02Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage
    • B65D81/03Wrappers or envelopes with shock-absorbing properties, e.g. bubble films
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/50Properties of the layers or laminate having particular mechanical properties
    • B32B2307/56Damping, energy absorption
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2553/00Packaging equipment or accessories not otherwise provided for
    • B32B2553/02Shock absorbing
    • B32B2553/026Bubble films

Abstract

A shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material which can fit the contours of an article neatly and can absorb impact energy favourably, comprises of one or more synthetic resin sheets 1,2 and is provided with a plurality of air cells 4, each being provided with one or more holes 5. Upon impact, the cells 4 of the shock-absorbing wrapper are easily deformed by ejecting air from the air cells 4 through the holes 5, thus allowing the wrapped article to be protected and wrapped well. The sheet or sheets may be of either vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate, polyethylene, polypropylene or rubber. The sheet material may comprise a metal foil, cloth or paper bonded to a synthetic resin sheet or a resin sheet having metal vapour film thereon. <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material The present invention relates to a shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material which is made of synthetic resin sheets joined together one on top of the other and which has a large number of air cells which protrude from one face.

A shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material has been used in various fields, which consists of a synthetic resin sheet having another synthetic resin sheet welded onto it together forming a plurality of protruding air cells. Such shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging material is made of various types of synthetic resin ranging from very soft material having small impact energy absorbing capacity, such as vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate, or polyethylene, to rather hard ones having large energy absorbing capacity, such as polypropylene.

When a large energy absorbing capacity is needed, the sheet material is made of a hard synthetic resin. There is, however, a problem in that the cells are so hard that for some articles to be wrapped the wrapper is deficient in wrapping ability, i.e., the wrapper hardly fits the article, and it absorbs less shock and the envelope in which the wrapped article is placed is apt to be bulky.

According to the present invention there is provided a shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material comprising at least a synthetic resin sheet provided with a plurality of air cells, a hole being provided in the wall of each cell.

An embodiment of a shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material of this invention can provide the following advantages.

The shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material is more flexible to fit the contours of the article than the conventional wrapper which has air tight cells and can fit and wrap around an article of complex shape neatly. The volume of the shock absorbing wrapping material itself can be reduced by compressing it to reduce the bulk of the package and thus reduce the cost of the transportation. Upon impact, the cells provded in the wrapping material are deformed by ejecting air from the air cells through the holes to absorb the impact favourably. Replacement of the synthetic resin sheet by metallic foil enables the protection of the contents, like electronic circuits, which are sensitive to the discharge of static electricity.Since soldered sections of the circuit board form irregularities which are caught in the air cell holes, the circuit board is prevented from shifting and separating from the wrapper during transportation and wrapping.

Some embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of examples, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: Figure 1 is a plan view of a first embodiment; Figure 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along the line ll-ll of Fig. 1; Figure 3 is a plan view of a second embodiment; Figure 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along the line IV-IV of Fig. 3; Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view of a third embodiment; Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view of a fourth embodiment; Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view of a fifth embodiment; Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view of a sixth embodiment; and Figure 9 is a cross-sectional view of a seventh embodiment.

Figs. 1 and 2 illustrate a first embodiment a wrapping or packaging sheet material according to the present invention, wherein Fig. 1 is a plan view of a shock absorbing wrapping or packaging material and Fig. 2 is an enlarged cross sectional view thereof taken along line ll-ll of Fig. 1. This shock absorbing wrapping or packaging material is constructed by placing a dimpled synthetic resin sheet 2 onto a plain synthetic resin sheet 1 and joining the sheets together. On the upper synthetic resin sheet 2 are formed a plurality of hemi-spherical hollow protrusions 4 and the sheet 2 is stuck or welded to the synthetic resin sheet 1, thus constructing a shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material having many cells 4 forming air chambers 3.For the synthetic resin sheets 1 and 2, firm or soft materials such as vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate, polyethylene, polyproplylene or rubber, are used. A combination of one type of the synthetic resin sheet with a sheet of a different material, such as foil, cloth or paper is also possible. Additionally, additive agents such as antistatic additives and age resistors can be added in the synthetic resin sheet material in accordance with the use of the shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material. In the protrusions of the synthetic resin sheet 2 forming the upper wall of each cell 4, a small hole 5 is made in the sheet to connect the air chamber 3 to outside ambient air.

The shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material thus constructed is used to wrap or pack such items as an assembly unit or a printed circuit board for an electronic apparatus. Since the air chamber 3 of each cell 4 is connected with outside air, unlike conventional air-tight cells, each cell 4 of the sheet material can be easily deformed to enable the sheet material to fit the contours of the article, thus allowing the article to be wrapped well. The article can be wrapped neatly without becoming too large.

Upon impact, the shock absorbing wrapping material has a buffer action for the article, absorbing impact energy by making use of the deformation of each cell 4. Also upon sudden impact, air escapes from the air chamber 3 through the hole 5 of the cell 4, thus absorbing the impact energy and protecting the wrapped article. Figs. 3 and 4 illustrate a second embodiment of the present invention, in which each cell 14 of the shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material is formed into a low height hexagonal pillar. This sheet material is also made of synthetic resin sheets 11 and 12 of the same material as above and each cell 14 forms an air chamber 13 which is open to outside ambient air via a hole 15 made in the side of each cell 14.

Therefore, the shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material thus constructed can also wrap a package neatly as stated above and has good impact energy absorbing capacity. Each cell may have a variety of different shapes, such as cubic, rectangular parallelepiped, etc., other than hemi-spherical or hexagonal. For a better buffering action, the hole 15 is made, in this embodiment, in the side of the cell 14 to allow free escape of air from the cell without the hole 15 becoming blocked by the article or outer wrapping when the article is wrapped by this shock absorbing material.

Fig. 5 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a third embodiment of this invention in which a shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material is so constructed by placing a synthetic resin sheet 22 having a plurality of hemi-spherical hollow protrusions onto a plain metallic foil sheet 21. Each cell 24 of this shock-absorbing material has a small hole 25 formed in the foil 21 to connect an air chamber 23 formed by the cell 24 to outside ambient air. The shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material thus constructed has a facility for protecting the article from static electricity, as well as having the wrapping ability and impact absorbing capacity as described above, since one of the sheets is made of the metallic foil 21.Protection of electronic component parts such as IC circuits, which are sensitive to the discharge current of static electricity, from the discharge of static electricity can be thus obtained. A metallic foil-synthetic resin sheet lamination or a synthetic resin sheet with a metal vapour film may be used instead of the metallic foil 21. Corrosion of the metallic side of the sheet can be avoided by applying an additionai synthetic resin coating on the metallic side.

Fig. 6 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a fourth embodiment of this invention which is made of sheets 31, 32 each having a plurality of hemi-spherical hollow protrusions which are aligned to form spherical cells 34 forming air chambers 33, the cells 34 each being provided with diametrically opposed holes 35.

Fig. 7 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a fifth embodiment of this invention in which the sheet 41 between the cells 44 consists of a single sheet unlike that of the fourth embodiment, with diametrically approved holes 45 being formed in each cell 44.

Fig. 8 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a sixth embodiment of this invention which is formed of two sheets 51 and 52 each having a plurality of hemi-spherical protrusions, those on one sheet being displaced relative to those on the other sheet to form alternately hemispherical cells 54, in each of which a hole 55 is made.

Fig. 9 illustrates a cross-sectional view of å seventh embodiment of this invention which is constructed of three sheets 61, 62, and 63, the sheet 62 having hemi-spherical cells 64 closely packed between sheets 61 and 63 with holes 65 being provided in the sheet 63.

Claims (9)

1. A shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material comprising at least a synthetic resin sheet provided with a plurality of air cells, a hole being provided in the wall of each cell.
2. A shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material as claimed in claim 1, in which one sheet forming the material consists of a metallic foil.
3. A shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, in which the synthetic resin sheets are made of either vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate, polyethylene, polypropylene, or rubber.
4. A shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material as claimed in claim 2, in which the metallic foil is bonded onto a synthetic resin sheet as to form a plurality of air cells therebetween, the synthetic resin sheet being made from either vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate, polyethylene, polypropylene, or rubber.
5. A shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material as claimed in claim 1 or claim 3 when dependent on claim 1, in which two synthetic resin sheets are bonded together, one of the synthetic resin sheets having a plurality of hemi-spherical hollow protrusions forming said cells, said hole being provided at the pole of each cell.
6. A shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material as claimed in claim 3 or claim 4, wherein the axis of each cell is perpendicular to the plane of the sheet with said hole being formed in the side wall of each cell.
7. A shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material as claimed in claim 4, in which the synthetic resin sheet with convex, hollow, hemi-spherical protrusions is bonded to a flat metallic foil containing holes each of which communicates with a protrusion.
8. A shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material as claimed in claim 3, in which two synthetic resin sheets each having hemi-spherical projections are bonded together so that the projections form a plurality of hollow spherical protrusions each with diametrically opposed holes therein.
9. A shock-absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
GB8625751A 1986-02-12 1986-10-28 Shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material Expired GB2186253B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1935586U JPS62130064U (en) 1986-02-12 1986-02-12

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8625751D0 GB8625751D0 (en) 1986-12-03
GB2186253A true true GB2186253A (en) 1987-08-12
GB2186253B GB2186253B (en) 1989-12-06

Family

ID=11997069

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB8625751A Expired GB2186253B (en) 1986-02-12 1986-10-28 Shock absorbing wrapping or packaging sheet material

Country Status (3)

Country Link
JP (1) JPS62130064U (en)
DE (2) DE3640543A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2186253B (en)

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE34477E (en) * 1989-12-20 1993-12-14 Quality Containers International, Inc. Infectious/medical waste containment carrier
US5273361A (en) * 1992-11-02 1993-12-28 Jillson & Roberts Zip wrap mailers
GB2274085A (en) * 1993-01-07 1994-07-13 Mandarin Bubblepak Limited Laminated bubble sheet for use as packaging material
US5639523A (en) * 1995-01-20 1997-06-17 Ellis; Dana R. Decorative sheet material
US5662420A (en) * 1995-04-12 1997-09-02 Astro-Valcour, Incorporated Cushioned macerated paper dispatch package
WO1998055795A1 (en) * 1997-06-06 1998-12-10 Lembit Maimets Apparatus and method for repairing pressure pipes and for securing other elements with a curable sealant
US6138718A (en) * 1998-10-30 2000-10-31 Link-Pipe (H. K.), Ltd. Apparatus and method for repairing pressure pipes
US6149002A (en) * 1997-03-11 2000-11-21 500 Group Inc. Container and foldable panel employing a plurality of gas pockets
EP1228977A1 (en) * 2001-02-05 2002-08-07 Kaysersberg Packaging Foamed slabs made from thermoplastic material and process for producing them
WO2008022736A3 (en) * 2006-08-24 2008-04-17 Elringklinger Ag Shielding component, in particular heat shield
CN100491117C (en) 2004-06-17 2009-05-27 南良实业股份有限公司 Elastic composite material with massaging and breathing effect
US7935411B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2011-05-03 Furio Orologio Metallized polymeric film reflective insulation material
US7935410B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2011-05-03 Furio Orologio Metallized polymeric film reflective insulation material
US20150366281A1 (en) * 2013-01-30 2015-12-24 Miller D. Stephen Resilient prominence fabric and articles made therefrom
EP3090658A1 (en) * 2011-11-11 2016-11-09 Skydex Technologies, Inc. Cellular cushion
US9660234B2 (en) * 2015-02-11 2017-05-23 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Battery enclosure with arc-shaped elongated impact absorbing ribs
US9656571B2 (en) 2015-02-11 2017-05-23 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Battery enclosure having T-shaped guides on the outer surface for stiffeners and impact absorbing elements
US9662997B2 (en) 2015-02-11 2017-05-30 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and apparatus for attaching a crushable carbon fiber reinforced polymer structure to the outer surface of a battery enclosure
US9931961B2 (en) 2015-02-11 2018-04-03 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Battery enclosure surrounded by internally reinforced cylindrical impact absorbing elements

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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DE9303185U1 (en) * 1993-02-26 1993-04-22 Vobis Microcomputer Ag, 5102 Wuerselen, De
FR2709112A1 (en) * 1993-08-18 1995-02-24 Lemonnier Sophie Nathalie Wrapping sheet and method of manufacturing it
DE4336184A1 (en) * 1993-10-24 1995-04-27 Dieter Kuhn Length of material (web) with hollow chambers
DE4424112A1 (en) * 1994-07-08 1996-01-11 Raytest Isotopenmesgeraete Gmb A process for producing a sample support
DE19942922A1 (en) * 1999-09-08 2001-03-15 Alusuisse Kapa Gmbh A method for manufacturing a sandwich panel made by this method and sandwich
DE10101966B4 (en) * 2001-01-17 2004-07-08 Göbel, Klaus-Ulrich Heat insulation and / or soundproofing material
WO2008104169A9 (en) 2007-02-28 2008-12-18 Ardenne Anlagentech Gmbh Method and apparatus for the treatment of strip-shaped substrate in a vacuum coating system

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GB1541470A (en) * 1975-12-25 1979-02-28 Mitsui Petrochemical Ind Process for producing synthetic resin laminates

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US3468311A (en) * 1967-06-07 1969-09-23 John P Gallagher Absorbent pad
US3536245A (en) * 1968-06-17 1970-10-27 Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp Corner post with corrugated steel insert
JPS581533B2 (en) * 1978-03-22 1983-01-11 Marukon Denshi Kk
ES236511Y (en) * 1978-06-06 1978-11-16 Air cushion for packaging.
JPH0311264B2 (en) * 1983-11-14 1991-02-15 Ube Industries

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1541470A (en) * 1975-12-25 1979-02-28 Mitsui Petrochemical Ind Process for producing synthetic resin laminates

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE34477E (en) * 1989-12-20 1993-12-14 Quality Containers International, Inc. Infectious/medical waste containment carrier
US5273361A (en) * 1992-11-02 1993-12-28 Jillson & Roberts Zip wrap mailers
GB2274085A (en) * 1993-01-07 1994-07-13 Mandarin Bubblepak Limited Laminated bubble sheet for use as packaging material
US5639523A (en) * 1995-01-20 1997-06-17 Ellis; Dana R. Decorative sheet material
US5662420A (en) * 1995-04-12 1997-09-02 Astro-Valcour, Incorporated Cushioned macerated paper dispatch package
US6149002A (en) * 1997-03-11 2000-11-21 500 Group Inc. Container and foldable panel employing a plurality of gas pockets
US6415920B1 (en) 1997-03-11 2002-07-09 500 Group, Inc. Container and foldable panel employing a plurality of gas pockets
US5971030A (en) * 1997-06-06 1999-10-26 Maimets; Lembit Apparatus and method for repairing pressure pipes and for securing other elements with a curable sealant
WO1998055795A1 (en) * 1997-06-06 1998-12-10 Lembit Maimets Apparatus and method for repairing pressure pipes and for securing other elements with a curable sealant
US6138718A (en) * 1998-10-30 2000-10-31 Link-Pipe (H. K.), Ltd. Apparatus and method for repairing pressure pipes
EP1228977A1 (en) * 2001-02-05 2002-08-07 Kaysersberg Packaging Foamed slabs made from thermoplastic material and process for producing them
FR2820360A1 (en) * 2001-02-05 2002-08-09 Kaysersberg Packaging Sa alveolar plates of thermoplastic material, process and apparatus for the manufacture of these plates
CN100491117C (en) 2004-06-17 2009-05-27 南良实业股份有限公司 Elastic composite material with massaging and breathing effect
US8343614B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2013-01-01 Furio Orologio Metallized polymeric film reflective insulation material
US8936847B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2015-01-20 Promethean Insulation Technology Llc Metallized polymeric film reflective insulation material
US7935410B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2011-05-03 Furio Orologio Metallized polymeric film reflective insulation material
US8221871B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2012-07-17 Furio Orologio Metallized polymeric film reflective insulation material
US8327601B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2012-12-11 Furio Orologio Metallized polymeric film reflective insulation material
US7935411B2 (en) 2006-04-19 2011-05-03 Furio Orologio Metallized polymeric film reflective insulation material
WO2008022736A3 (en) * 2006-08-24 2008-04-17 Elringklinger Ag Shielding component, in particular heat shield
EP3090658A1 (en) * 2011-11-11 2016-11-09 Skydex Technologies, Inc. Cellular cushion
US20150366281A1 (en) * 2013-01-30 2015-12-24 Miller D. Stephen Resilient prominence fabric and articles made therefrom
US9668530B2 (en) * 2013-01-30 2017-06-06 Stephen D. Miller Resilient prominence fabric and articles made therefrom
US9660234B2 (en) * 2015-02-11 2017-05-23 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Battery enclosure with arc-shaped elongated impact absorbing ribs
US9656571B2 (en) 2015-02-11 2017-05-23 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Battery enclosure having T-shaped guides on the outer surface for stiffeners and impact absorbing elements
US9662997B2 (en) 2015-02-11 2017-05-30 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and apparatus for attaching a crushable carbon fiber reinforced polymer structure to the outer surface of a battery enclosure
US9821678B2 (en) 2015-02-11 2017-11-21 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Battery enclosure having T-shaped guides on the outer surface for stiffeners and impact absorbing elements
US9931961B2 (en) 2015-02-11 2018-04-03 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Battery enclosure surrounded by internally reinforced cylindrical impact absorbing elements
US10059382B2 (en) 2015-02-11 2018-08-28 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and apparatus for attaching a crushable carbon fiber reinforced polymer structure to the outer surface of a battery enclosure

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPS62130064U (en) 1987-08-17 application
GB8625751D0 (en) 1986-12-03 grant
GB2186253B (en) 1989-12-06 grant
DE8631834U1 (en) 1987-01-15 grant
DE3640543A1 (en) 1987-08-13 application

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Legal Events

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PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 19991028