US3231454A - Cushioning material - Google Patents

Cushioning material Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3231454A
US3231454A US10314461A US3231454A US 3231454 A US3231454 A US 3231454A US 10314461 A US10314461 A US 10314461A US 3231454 A US3231454 A US 3231454A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sheet
projections
sheets
material
formed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Williams Robert Joseph
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Cadillac Products Inc
Original Assignee
Cadillac Products Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F9/00Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium
    • F16F9/02Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium using gas only or vacuum
    • F16F9/04Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium using gas only or vacuum in a chamber with a flexible wall
    • F16F9/0472Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium using gas only or vacuum in a chamber with a flexible wall characterised by comprising a damping device
    • F16F9/0481Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium using gas only or vacuum in a chamber with a flexible wall characterised by comprising a damping device provided in an opening to the exterior atmosphere
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/02Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage
    • B65D81/03Wrappers or envelopes with shock-absorbing properties, e.g. bubble films
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S297/00Chairs and seats
    • Y10S297/02Molded
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S297/00Chairs and seats
    • Y10S297/03Pneumatic
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S297/00Chairs and seats
    • Y10S297/08Inflatable bellows
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24273Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including aperture
    • Y10T428/24281Struck out portion type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24273Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including aperture
    • Y10T428/24298Noncircular aperture [e.g., slit, diamond, rectangular, etc.]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24273Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including aperture
    • Y10T428/24322Composite web or sheet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24479Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including variation in thickness
    • Y10T428/24562Interlaminar spaces
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24628Nonplanar uniform thickness material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24628Nonplanar uniform thickness material
    • Y10T428/24661Forming, or cooperating to form cells

Description

Jan. 25, 1966 R. J. WflLLKAMS 3,231,454

CUSHIONING MATERIAL Filed April 14, 1961 v Q INVENTOR. /4 v 20;; f

United States Patent Ofilice Patented Jan. 25, 1966 3,231,454 CUSHIONING MATERIAL Robert Joseph Williams, Birmingham, Mich., assignor to Cadillac Products, Inc., Warren, Mich, a corporation of Michigan Filed Apr. 14, 1961, tier. No. 103,144 2 Claims. (Cl. 161-110) This invention relates generally to packaging, and more particularly to a novel cushioning material for lining containers or otherwise insulating fragile articles from vibration, physical abuse and shock during handling and the like.

The primary objects of the present invention reside in the provision of a novel and inexpensive cushioning material for the above purpose formed of either one or a plurality of sheets of resilient material, at least one sheet of which is so constructed that uniform static and dynamic cushioning may be effected both by the compressive columnar loading of hollow columnar-shaped projections formed therein and by the pneumatic shock absorbing effect of air trapped within these projections, the latter being provided with vent openings through which the air may pass when a sudden or shock load is applied thereto, whereby fragile or highly finished articles encased thereby will be cushioned and protected or insulated from physical shock, whether disposed within a container or not.

These and other objects of the present invention will become apparent from consideration of the specification taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which there are shown several embodiments of the invention by way of example, and wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary perspective view, partly in section, illustrating the basic element of a cushioning material embodying the principles of the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of a multi-layer modification or adaptation of the cushioning material or" the present invention;

FIGURE 3 is a transverse sectional view of the modification. illustrated in FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is a transverse sectional view illustrating a further modification of the cushioning material of the present invention;

FIGURES 5 and 6 are transverse sectional views illustrating slightly modified versions or" the embodiments illustrated in FIGURES 3 and 4, respectively; and

FIGURE 7 is yet another modification or embodiment of the present invention.

Generally speaking, the cushioning material of the present invention comprises at least one sheet of resilient material having a plurality of hollow projections formed therein and projecting outwardly from one side of the sheet in the same direction, the sheet in the preferred embodiment having a plurality of vent openings therethrough, each of the vent openings being disposed at the outwardly projecting end of one of the projections. As will become apparent, a large number of modifications of the invention are possible by combining one or more sheets of this specific construction in various ways with other sheets, either similarly constructed or simply flat, and by relocating the vent openings therein. Further modifications may be derived either by sealing the individual sheets of a multi-sheet embodiment together, by not sealing these several sheets together, or by using sheets of resilient thermoplastic film material of the type characterized by its retention of a high static charge, whereby the sheets will be attracted to each other by their retained static charges, all as will be more clearly set forth hereinafter.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, there is illustrated in FIGURE 1 a cushioning liner comprising a specially formed sheet of resilient material 10 embodying the principles of the present invention which may be used alone as a very satisfactory cushioning material, or which, as will be described later, may be used in combination with other sheets or layers of material in various combinations to form other embodiments of the invention. As can be seen, sheet 13 is provided with a plurality of hollow projections 12, each of which in this embodiment is of equal size and shape, all of the projections extending in the same direction from the same upper side of sheet 10. Each of the projections 12 is illustrated as being generally frusto-conical in shape so that they may be readily drawn from a suitable forming die. The provision of such draw, however, is not essential to the function of the cushioning element and is primarily for the purpose of facilitating fabrication, although some taper is helpful in increasing the stability of the projections by giving them wider bases. In order to obtain the desired compressive column loading of the sheet material itself the projections are preferably of a generally cylindrical or of steep right frusto-conical shape, and projections having these shapes will be referred to herein as being columnar-shaped.

In order to insure that air may escape from the projections in applications where the sheet 10 is used in conjunction with another surface contacting the bottom side thereof there is provided a bleed or vent opening 14 through the outwardly projecting end of each of the projections. As will be appreciated, vent openings 14 may be formed during the fabrication of the projections themselves, as by means of a suitable die punch or the like.

in order to more clearly understand the manner in which the cushioning liner functions, assume for purposes of explanation it is disposed on the flat bottom of a con tainer and that there is resting thereon and supported thereby an article to be cushione When the container is at rest and the compressive loading of the cushioning liner is purely static, the article will be supported by the column strength of the sheet material defining each of the hollow projections. The resilience, strength, and thickness of the sheet from which it is formed may be chosen so that for a given weight to be supported per unit area of the cushioning material the projections will be slightly compressed or collapsed whereby a cushioning or spring effect will be obtained. When this container in which the cushioning material is provided is handled, or dropped, or otherwise subjected to jolts or physical shock, the impact loading of the projections will cause them to collapse or compress and to tend to flatten out. The air trapped within each of the air pockets defined between the cushioning material and the container by the projections will act as shock absorbers to absorb these impact loads, the vent openings 14- serving as restricting orifices to limit the flow of air from the air pockets so that the shock may be absorbed. While such vent openings may not be necessary in applications where the bottom side of sheet it) is in contact with very porous material, such as porous paper, cardboard, or the like, in applications where a relatively non-porous material is provided in contact with the bottom surface thereof the vent openings are essential to get the desired shock absorbing characteristics.

As will be appreciated, there are presently available a large number of different types of relatively inexpensive sheet material which lend themselves ideally to use with the present invention. The more important criteria for a suitable material from which cushioning material according to this invention may be formed would include resilience, a capacity to be molded or formed into a shape, a capacity to retain its shape and to return to its shape when deformed (i.e., memory), resistance to rupturing, low porosity so as to retain air, and so on. It has been found that a number of thermosplastic films meet these criteria, such as for example polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl acetate, polyvinylidene chloride, and the like. The material, of course, must be such that it may be easily and economically formed into the desired shape. As will be more fully apparent hereinafter, other properties will be important in other specific modifications of the invention. For example, if a thermoplastic material is used, heat sealing may be readily used to join together several sheets to form a multi-layer embodiment of cushioning material. Alternately, if a film material of the type characterized by its retention of a high static charge is utilized, a plurality of sheets of such material may be combined into a multi-layer embodiment simply by means of the attraction of the sheets one for another by their retained static charges.

The essence of the invention lies, therefore, in the provision of a resilient sheet meeting the above criteria and having a plurality of projections therein, each of which is provided with a vent opening. However, as mentioned, one of these sheets may be used in a number of different ways in various cushioning applications. Accordingly, the remainder of the specification and drawing disclose several of these exemplary modifications.

Thus, there is illustrated in FIGURE 2 an embodiment of the present invention wherein a specially formed sheet 1%) is used in conjunction with a second sheet or layer of material 16 positioned in contact with the lower surface of sheet 10. Preferably sheet 16 is either of a similar or of the same material as that from which sheet 10 is formed, and serves the purpose of positively defining air pockets within the hollowed out portions of projections 12. Sheets 10 and 15 may be either loosely contacting each other, as shown in FIGURE 3, or secured together in any one of a number of ways. For example, in FIG- URE 4 there is illustrated an embodiment wherein sheets 10 and 16 are secured together by means of conventional heat seals 17. These heat seals may be so arranged as to seal the two sheets together all the way around the periphery of each of the recesses formed in the lower side of sheet 10 by projections 12, or just partially therearound. It is not essential that a completely sealed air pocket be formed, so long as there is some resistance to the escape of air therefrom, whereby the desired pneumatic cushioning effect may be obtained. Alternately, if a film material of the type characterized by the retention of a high static charge is utilized, the two sheets will be attracted together throughout most of their contacting surfaces by their retained static charges, as shown in FIGURE 3. Furthermore, the two sheets may be joined to one another, at spaced points or throughout their contacting surfaces, by means of a suitable adhesive.

In FIGURES 5 and 6 there are illustrated several further modifications of the present invention, primed reference numerals being used to designate elements corresponding to those of the previous embodiment. Thus, there is provided a main sheet 10' having a plurality of generally columnar-shaped hollow projections 12', and a second substantially unshaped or flat sheet 16, the difference between the embodiments of these figures and the preceding embodiment being that the bleed or vent openings are provided in the sheet 16 rather than in the sheet 10 having the projections thereon, as indicated at 18. As will be appreciated, this embodiment functions in exactly the same manner as do the previously described embodiments. In FIGURE 5 the two sheets 10 and 16' are illustrated in unsealed relationship, wherein they may be loosely positioned in contact with each other, or attracted to each other by their retained static charges, depending on the type of material from which they are formed. In FIGURE 6, they are illustrated in heat sealed relationship with each other, in exactly the same manner as were sheets 14 and 16 in FIGURE 4.

In FIGURE 7 there is illustrated a high capacity cushioning material comprising two specially formed sheets 10 positioned together in a back to back relationship. The manner in which such an embodiment functions is exactly the same as above, except that a greater cushioning capacity is provided. It is not essential that the corresponding projections 12 on each of the sheets be in axial alignment with each other, as illustrated, since each projection may define an air pocket either in conjunction with a corresponding projection on the other sheet, or in conjunction with the substantially flat surface portion thereof. Furthermore, the two sheets may be either loose.y positioned with respect to each other, heat sealed or secured together in any desired manner, or maintained together by their inherent static attraction. In addition, if the two sheets are arranged in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 7, the vent or bleed holes 14 in one of the sheets may be omitted.

While all of the embodiments disclosed herein are illustrated in a substantially flat position, it should be realized that if desired they may be formed in various contours to fit specially shaped articles to be protected. In addition, the cushioning material may be formed originally in a substantially flat form so that it may be wrapped around an article to be protected when it is packaged, the latter being probably the most likely application of the invention. Furthermore, the various projections may be formed of differing heights in a given sheet and/or may be either regularly or irregularly spaced from one another, depending on the desired cushioning effect to be obtained.

Thus, there is disclosed in the above description and in the drawing, several exemplary embodiments of the present invention which fully and effectively accomplish the objects thereof. However, it will be apparent that variations in the details of construction may be indulged in without departing from the spirit of the invention as herein described, or the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A cushioning material comprising a first sheet of resilient thermoplastic film material of the type characterized by its retention of a static charge, said first sheet having a plurality of generally frusto-conical hollow projections formed therein, all of said projections projecting outwardly from one side of said sheet in the same direction and including a frusto-conical side wall portion and a planar end Wall portion, means defining a flow restricting vent opening in said planar end portion of said projections, and a second sheet formed of a thermoplastic film material also having static charge retention characteristics, said second sheet being disposed in contact with the other side of said first sheet whereby a plurality of air pockets are defined between said first and second sheets by said hollow projections, said first and second sheets being attracted to each other by their retained static charges.

2. A cushioning material as claimed in claim 1, wherein said second sheet has a plurality of generally frusto-conical hollow projections formed therein, all of said lastmentioned projections projecting outwardly from one side of said second sheet in the opposite direction as said projections on said first sheet.

(References on following page) References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Horton 215-1 Smith 154-55 XR Kacer 154-55 Cole 154-55 Bowers 182-137 XR Stinchfield 96-87 Gerb 154-45 Noble 154-459 Morner 156-292 Caldwell 156-210 Richter 229-35 Chavannes 156-292 Rubissow 154-45 Chavannes 161-131 XR FOREIGN PATENTS Denmark. France. France. France.

Great Britain. Germany.

Examiners.

Claims (2)

1. A CUSHIONING MATERIAL COMPRISING A FIRST SHEET OF RESILIENT THERMOPLASTIC FILM MATERIAL OF THE TYPE CHARACTERIZED BY ITS RETENTION OF A STATIC CHARGE, SAID FIRST SHEET HAVING A PLURALITY OF GENEREALLY FRUSTO-CONICAL HOLLOW PROJECTIONS FORMED THEREIN, ALL OF SAID PROJECTIONS PROJECTING OUTWARDLY FROM ONE SIDE OF SAID SHEET IN THE SAME DIRECTION AND INCLUDING A FRUSTO-CONICAL SIDE WALL PORTION AND A PLANAR END WALL PROTION, MEANS DEFINING A FLOW RESTRICTING VENT OPENING IN SAID PLANAR END PORTION OF SAID PROJECTIONS, AND A SECOND SHEET FORMED OF A THERMOPLASTIC FILM MATERIAL ALSO HAVING STATIC CHARGE RETENTION CHARACTERISTICS, SAID SECOND SHEET BEING DISPOSED IN CONTACT WITH THE OTHER SIDE OF SAID FIRST SHEET WHEREBY A PLURALITY OF AIR POCKETS ARE DEFINED BETWEEN SAID FIRST AND SECOND SHEETS BY SAID HOLLOW PROJECTIONS, SAID FIRS T AND SECOND SHEETS BEING ATTRACTED TO EACH OTHER BY THEIR RETAINED STATIC CHARGES.
2. A CUSHIONING MATERIAL AS CLAIMED IN CLAIM 1, WHEREIN SAID SECOND SHEET HAS A PLURALITY OF GENERALLY FRUSTO-CONICAL HOLLOW PROJECTIONS FORMED THEREIN, ALL OF SAID LASTMENTIONED PROJECTIONS PROJECTING OUTWARDLY FROM ONE SIDE OF SAID SECOND SHEET IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION AS SAID PROJECTIONS ON SAID FIRST SHEET.
US3231454A 1961-04-14 1961-04-14 Cushioning material Expired - Lifetime US3231454A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3231454A US3231454A (en) 1961-04-14 1961-04-14 Cushioning material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3231454A US3231454A (en) 1961-04-14 1961-04-14 Cushioning material

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3231454A true US3231454A (en) 1966-01-25

Family

ID=22293619

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3231454A Expired - Lifetime US3231454A (en) 1961-04-14 1961-04-14 Cushioning material

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3231454A (en)

Cited By (132)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3362062A (en) * 1966-03-07 1968-01-09 Acf Ind Inc Method of forming a permeable structure for aerating bulk materials
US3391413A (en) * 1965-03-04 1968-07-09 Samuel P. Crane Spacer sheet and cushion
US3419457A (en) * 1964-08-10 1968-12-31 Bleasdale Desmond Harold Laminated structure with former element
US3523860A (en) * 1966-04-04 1970-08-11 Ludlow Corp Sponge rubber padding
US3530032A (en) * 1966-07-29 1970-09-22 Selfix Inc Vinyl peg board laminates bonded by amine curing epoxy adhesives in a binary solvent
US3597891A (en) * 1969-10-02 1971-08-10 Mc Donnell Douglas Corp Interior absorptive panel
US3722955A (en) * 1970-04-28 1973-03-27 Comfort Conditioning Inc Underbody ventilating structure
US3769145A (en) * 1971-05-03 1973-10-30 Kimberly Clark Co Reinforced plastic cushioning material
US3819007A (en) * 1973-04-27 1974-06-25 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Controllable laminar sound absorptive structure
US3851724A (en) * 1974-02-25 1974-12-03 Bomco Acoustic damping structures
US3892902A (en) * 1972-12-04 1975-07-01 Preco Ind Ltd Plastic panel pad construction for spacing concrete panels
US3922409A (en) * 1973-01-26 1975-11-25 Erwin Stark Footmat
US3921232A (en) * 1974-03-29 1975-11-25 Procter & Gamble Self-inflating structure
US3938963A (en) * 1973-10-01 1976-02-17 Hale Jesse R Sandwich core panel having cured face sheets and a core formed with projecting modes
US3989867A (en) * 1973-02-16 1976-11-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorptive devices having porous backsheet
US4035536A (en) * 1975-03-03 1977-07-12 Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation Sandwich panel core
US4054291A (en) * 1974-04-16 1977-10-18 Sony Corporation Turntable assembly for phonograph records
US4076872A (en) * 1977-03-16 1978-02-28 Stephen Lewicki Inflatable cellular assemblies of plastic material
US4096965A (en) * 1975-10-04 1978-06-27 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Storage device for sample containers
US4135020A (en) * 1975-02-24 1979-01-16 Elevations/Design, Inc. Process for producing art works and resulting product
US4262433A (en) * 1978-08-08 1981-04-21 Hagg Vernon A Sole body for footwear
US4274211A (en) * 1978-03-31 1981-06-23 Herbert Funck Shoe soles with non-slip profile
US4285432A (en) * 1978-11-21 1981-08-25 Gestion Paul De Villers, Inc. Package arrangement for fragile articles
US4291083A (en) * 1978-12-22 1981-09-22 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Sliding barrier for furniture devices and openings in buildings
US4314865A (en) * 1979-09-14 1982-02-09 Ranpak Corp. Method of making cushioning dunnage
US4344536A (en) * 1979-05-21 1982-08-17 Dieter Oberhuber Air cushion foil for packaging purposes
US4412879A (en) * 1981-11-02 1983-11-01 Ranpak Corp. Cushioning dunnage apparatus and method
US4415398A (en) * 1979-09-14 1983-11-15 Ranpak Corp. Cushioning dunnage apparatus
US4482054A (en) * 1982-04-22 1984-11-13 Clevepost, Inc. Support and cushioning tube
US4518643A (en) * 1983-07-25 1985-05-21 Ethyl Corporation Plastic film
US4533583A (en) * 1981-05-22 1985-08-06 May Michael G Thermal insulating mat
US4605582A (en) * 1985-05-23 1986-08-12 American Hospital Supply Corporation Body support pad
US4673605A (en) * 1985-05-23 1987-06-16 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Body support pad
DE3640543A1 (en) * 1986-02-12 1987-08-13 Katsumi Niwa Shock-absorbing packaging material
US4755416A (en) * 1986-05-16 1988-07-05 Matec Holding Ag Process for constructing a structural element that absorbs airborne sound
US4890877A (en) * 1988-07-12 1990-01-02 General Motors Corporation Energy absorption system for vehicle door and method of making
US4921746A (en) * 1985-10-03 1990-05-01 Patriksson Inventing Ab Cellular, multi-layer material for forming a heat-insulating bag
WO1990009325A1 (en) * 1989-02-13 1990-08-23 Adolph Coors Company Slip pallet with a cushioning effect
US5143775A (en) * 1988-05-30 1992-09-01 Ab Akerlund & Rausing Shock-absorbing wrapping and a method for manufacturing such wrapping
US5152023A (en) * 1990-11-13 1992-10-06 Graebe Robert W Cellular cushion having sealed cells
US5226372A (en) * 1989-02-13 1993-07-13 Coors Brewing Company Slip pallet with a cushioning effect
US5233767A (en) * 1990-02-09 1993-08-10 Hy Kramer Article of footwear having improved midsole
US5444959A (en) * 1989-07-31 1995-08-29 Tesch; Gunter Three-dimensional structural component
US5451325A (en) * 1989-12-06 1995-09-19 Herkenberg; Wolf Method for the removal of oil from oil spills
WO1996004131A1 (en) * 1994-08-05 1996-02-15 Tredegar Industries, Inc. Lamination of apertured or non-apertured three-dimensional films to apertured or non-apertured three-dimensional and/or flat films
US5640728A (en) * 1993-09-30 1997-06-24 Graebe; Robert H. Ventilated access interface and cushion support system
US5690232A (en) * 1995-06-06 1997-11-25 Emery; Roy William Resilient wraparound cushion packing
US5826726A (en) * 1996-07-02 1998-10-27 Yang; Chun-Tse Pulp mold and molding means for manufacturing the same
US6004652A (en) * 1996-09-13 1999-12-21 Clark; Brian Hall Structural dimple panel
WO2000001525A1 (en) * 1998-07-02 2000-01-13 Concept Analysis Corporation Cup bumper absorber
US6022608A (en) * 1996-07-29 2000-02-08 Plantex S.P.A. Non-slip fabric with three layers and concave cups
WO2000049903A1 (en) * 1999-02-26 2000-08-31 Rugged Footwear Company Footwear cushioning insert
US6315339B1 (en) 1998-04-15 2001-11-13 Compagnie Plastic Omnium Vehicular shock absorber
US6361659B1 (en) 1995-12-27 2002-03-26 Chun-Tse Yang Pulp mold and molding means for manufacturing the same
WO2002068233A1 (en) * 2001-02-21 2002-09-06 Huntsman Corporation Improved automotive head-impact protection
US6550850B2 (en) * 2000-10-09 2003-04-22 Sai Automotive Allibert Industrie Device for absorbing energy during impact, and motor vehicle door comprising such a device
US20030165664A1 (en) * 2002-03-01 2003-09-04 Oakwood Custom Coating, Inc. Method of making a composite panel and article made thereby
US6617415B1 (en) 2002-06-17 2003-09-09 Cortec Corporation Biodegradable corrosion inhibitor packages
WO2002102460A3 (en) * 2001-06-19 2003-10-16 Oakwood Energy Man Inc Composite energy absorber
US20030221336A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-04 Nike, Inc. Material having compressible projections and footwear incorporating the material
US6679967B1 (en) 1998-02-04 2004-01-20 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Method for making a modular energy-absorbing assembly
US6752450B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2004-06-22 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Formed energy absorber
US6754982B2 (en) 2001-11-30 2004-06-29 Wolverine World Wide, Inc. Shoe cushioning system and related method of manufacture
US20040178662A1 (en) * 1998-02-04 2004-09-16 Carroll Phillip Patrick Modular energy absorber and method for configuring same
US20050057053A1 (en) * 2003-07-03 2005-03-17 Darin Evans Bumper system incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US20050097004A1 (en) * 2003-10-29 2005-05-05 Eduardo Masse Blume Method of advertising and related products
US6907391B2 (en) 2000-03-06 2005-06-14 Johnson Controls Technology Company Method for improving the energy absorbing characteristics of automobile components
US6926947B1 (en) 2000-06-29 2005-08-09 Peter H. Seckel Domed packing material
US6939599B2 (en) 1996-09-13 2005-09-06 Brian H. Clark Structural dimple panel
US20050285418A1 (en) * 2004-06-23 2005-12-29 Darin Evans Bumper with crush cones and energy absorber
US20060001278A1 (en) * 2004-07-01 2006-01-05 Netshape International Llc Bumper impact-testing device
US20060125250A1 (en) * 2004-12-13 2006-06-15 Darin Evans Bumper for pedestrian impact having thermoformed energy absorber
US20060168706A1 (en) * 2005-02-03 2006-08-03 Auger Michel J G Vibration damping device for glove
US7118615B1 (en) 2003-09-12 2006-10-10 Cortec Corporation Biodegradable corrosion inhibitor composition
US20070082181A1 (en) * 2005-10-10 2007-04-12 Woon-Tae Jung Cushioning material for packing
US7241391B1 (en) 2004-05-12 2007-07-10 Cortec Corporation Biodegradable scale and corrosion inhibitor composition
US20070182216A1 (en) * 2006-02-06 2007-08-09 Toyota Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. Headliner Stiffener With Energy Absorbing Mechanism
US20070187960A1 (en) * 2001-09-27 2007-08-16 Darin Evans Energy management beam
US20070237487A1 (en) * 2006-03-22 2007-10-11 Case Pax Int'l. Co., Ltd. Computer bag
WO2007135372A1 (en) * 2006-05-18 2007-11-29 Carl John Parker Cushioning device
US20080030062A1 (en) * 2006-07-19 2008-02-07 Prust Peter C Seat Cushion
US20090026807A1 (en) * 2007-07-24 2009-01-29 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Energy-Absorbing Vehicle Hood Assembly with Cushion Inner Structure
US20090108504A1 (en) * 2006-04-27 2009-04-30 Slama David F Methods of making structured films
US20090233045A1 (en) * 2006-04-27 2009-09-17 Slama David F Structured films having acoustical absorbance properties
US20100170117A1 (en) * 2009-01-03 2010-07-08 Eric Byeung Kim Disposable Cushion Shoe Insert
US20100207443A1 (en) * 2009-02-19 2010-08-19 Faurecia Automotive Seating, Inc. Vehicle seat cushion with inflatable air bladder
US20100244469A1 (en) * 2009-03-30 2010-09-30 Gerwolls Matthew M Energy absorber with anti-squeak anti-rattle feature
US20110048850A1 (en) * 2008-05-05 2011-03-03 Alexander Jonathan H Acoustic composite
US20110139539A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute Structure for reducing acoustic load
US20110171420A1 (en) * 2010-01-11 2011-07-14 Shih-Sheng Yang Air cushion pad
US20110203962A1 (en) * 2010-02-22 2011-08-25 Reflex Packaging Inc. Packaging cushion structure made from stiff paper-board sheets
US20120021167A1 (en) * 2008-12-19 2012-01-26 Daniel James Plant Energy absorbing system
CN101627222B (en) 2006-10-05 2012-06-13 森尼思有限责任公司 Impact energy management method and system
US20120280554A1 (en) * 2009-12-02 2012-11-08 Faurecia Automotive Seating, Inc. Vehicle seat cushion with inflatable support
USD679058S1 (en) 2011-07-01 2013-03-26 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet liner
US20130082018A1 (en) * 2010-04-07 2013-04-04 Tegometall International Ag Support frame for racks
US20130086733A1 (en) * 2011-10-10 2013-04-11 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
USD683079S1 (en) 2011-10-10 2013-05-21 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet liner
US20130152287A1 (en) * 2011-12-16 2013-06-20 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Rebounding cushioning helmet liner
US20130171422A1 (en) * 2011-12-28 2013-07-04 Sealed Air Corporation (Us) Domed Multilayer Cushioning Article
US20130183485A1 (en) * 2010-05-27 2013-07-18 Coldpack Elastic multilayer structure having alveoli with holes
US20130291289A1 (en) * 2012-05-02 2013-11-07 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
US20130326819A1 (en) * 2011-06-07 2013-12-12 Skydex Technologies, Inc. Collapsible Layered Cushion
US8726424B2 (en) 2010-06-03 2014-05-20 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Energy management structure
US20140216852A1 (en) * 2013-02-07 2014-08-07 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Impact resistant article
US8814150B2 (en) 2011-12-14 2014-08-26 Xenith, Llc Shock absorbers for protective body gear
US20140242330A1 (en) * 2011-11-17 2014-08-28 Byung-Chang Song Irregularly formed waterproof panel having hollow protrusion for waterproofing, and waterproofing construction using same
CN104039201A (en) * 2011-11-11 2014-09-10 斯凯达克斯科技有限公司 Cellular Cushion
US20140311074A1 (en) * 2013-04-18 2014-10-23 Viconic Defense Inc. Recoiling energy absorbing system
US20140311075A1 (en) * 2013-04-18 2014-10-23 Viconic Defense Inc. Recoiling energy absorbing system with lateral stabilizer
US20150007508A1 (en) * 2012-02-10 2015-01-08 Jarkko Valtanen Insulation element and a system comprising the insulation element
US8950735B2 (en) 2011-12-14 2015-02-10 Xenith, Llc Shock absorbers for protective body gear
US20150072105A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2015-03-12 Toyoda Iron Works Co., Ltd. Superimposed composite interior component
US8998298B2 (en) 2009-03-30 2015-04-07 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Recoverable energy absorber
US20150107005A1 (en) * 2013-10-18 2015-04-23 Terrence Lee Schneider Sports equipment that employ force-absorbing elements
USD733972S1 (en) 2013-09-12 2015-07-07 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet
US9125493B2 (en) 2012-01-31 2015-09-08 Backjoy Orthotics, Llc Seat cushion with flexible contouring
US20150266441A1 (en) * 2011-03-15 2015-09-24 Kyoraku Co., Ltd. Impact energy absorber for vehicle and method for forming the same
US20150366281A1 (en) * 2013-01-30 2015-12-24 Miller D. Stephen Resilient prominence fabric and articles made therefrom
US20160037861A1 (en) * 2012-04-27 2016-02-11 Nike, Inc. Insole With Inferiorly Extending Projections
US9308393B1 (en) 2015-01-15 2016-04-12 Dri-Em, Inc. Bed drying device, UV lights for bedsores
US20160136869A1 (en) * 2014-11-13 2016-05-19 Adidas Ag Methods of Vacuum Forming Articles of Wear
US9415708B2 (en) 2014-02-18 2016-08-16 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Conformable energy absorber
US9462843B2 (en) 2011-12-16 2016-10-11 Viconic Defense Inc. Cushioning helmet liner
US9516910B2 (en) 2011-07-01 2016-12-13 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
US9528280B2 (en) 2013-04-18 2016-12-27 Viconic Sporting Llc Surface underlayment system with interlocking resilient anti-slip shock tiles
US9635897B2 (en) 2012-01-31 2017-05-02 Backjoy Orthotics, Llc Cushion items with flexible contouring
US9683622B2 (en) 2004-04-21 2017-06-20 Xenith, Llc Air venting, impact-absorbing compressible members
US9743701B2 (en) 2013-10-28 2017-08-29 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet retention system
US9815418B2 (en) 2013-05-15 2017-11-14 Toyoda Iron Works Co., Ltd. Laminated composite interior part
US9894953B2 (en) 2012-10-04 2018-02-20 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet retention system
WO2018085471A2 (en) 2016-11-04 2018-05-11 Sealed Air Corporation (Us) Packaging system

Citations (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US201062A (en) * 1878-03-05 Improvement in egg-carriers
US263531A (en) * 1882-08-29 Carpet-lining
US355140A (en) * 1886-12-28 Carpet-lining
US1166811A (en) * 1915-03-10 1916-01-04 William F Bowers Landing-mat.
US1627935A (en) * 1926-04-01 1927-05-10 Eastman Kodak Co Laminated film which includes alpha layer of polymerized vinyl chloride
US2045384A (en) * 1934-02-14 1936-06-23 Gerb William Method of producing insulating mats
GB551733A (en) * 1941-10-27 1943-03-08 John Leon Menzies Stone Banks Improvements in cellular materials for structural or other purposes
US2391997A (en) * 1942-03-26 1946-01-01 Lilly Florence Shirley Noble Composite slab sheet or plate
US2575764A (en) * 1947-04-10 1951-11-20 Hans G Morner Air-filled upholstery and method of manufacture
DE829945C (en) * 1950-12-28 1952-01-31 Heinz Hoening Dipl Volksw Waermedaemmende insulation
US2633442A (en) * 1949-03-08 1953-03-31 Albert E Caldwell Method of making tufted material
US2679969A (en) * 1954-01-12 1954-06-01 Transparent Package Company Package construction
USRE24062E (en) * 1948-08-31 1955-09-20 Coated product
US2851390A (en) * 1955-06-30 1958-09-09 Marc A Chavannes Fabric and method of manufacture
FR1175906A (en) * 1957-06-07 1959-04-02 Packing and manufacturing method thereof
FR1245096A (en) * 1959-11-03 1960-11-04 laminated sheet and improved method and machine for obtaining
FR1245009A (en) * 1959-09-23 1960-11-04 foamed material
US3003599A (en) * 1955-03-02 1961-10-10 Ind Dev Co Construction elements
US3142599A (en) * 1959-11-27 1964-07-28 Sealed Air Corp Method for making laminated cushioning material
DK70088A (en) * 1988-02-11 1989-08-12 Broen Armatur As A process for preparing a hanehus with a freely rotatable union nut, as well as such hanehus

Patent Citations (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US201062A (en) * 1878-03-05 Improvement in egg-carriers
US263531A (en) * 1882-08-29 Carpet-lining
US355140A (en) * 1886-12-28 Carpet-lining
US1166811A (en) * 1915-03-10 1916-01-04 William F Bowers Landing-mat.
US1627935A (en) * 1926-04-01 1927-05-10 Eastman Kodak Co Laminated film which includes alpha layer of polymerized vinyl chloride
US2045384A (en) * 1934-02-14 1936-06-23 Gerb William Method of producing insulating mats
GB551733A (en) * 1941-10-27 1943-03-08 John Leon Menzies Stone Banks Improvements in cellular materials for structural or other purposes
US2391997A (en) * 1942-03-26 1946-01-01 Lilly Florence Shirley Noble Composite slab sheet or plate
US2575764A (en) * 1947-04-10 1951-11-20 Hans G Morner Air-filled upholstery and method of manufacture
USRE24062E (en) * 1948-08-31 1955-09-20 Coated product
US2633442A (en) * 1949-03-08 1953-03-31 Albert E Caldwell Method of making tufted material
DE829945C (en) * 1950-12-28 1952-01-31 Heinz Hoening Dipl Volksw Waermedaemmende insulation
US2679969A (en) * 1954-01-12 1954-06-01 Transparent Package Company Package construction
US3003599A (en) * 1955-03-02 1961-10-10 Ind Dev Co Construction elements
US2851390A (en) * 1955-06-30 1958-09-09 Marc A Chavannes Fabric and method of manufacture
FR1175906A (en) * 1957-06-07 1959-04-02 Packing and manufacturing method thereof
FR1245009A (en) * 1959-09-23 1960-11-04 foamed material
FR1245096A (en) * 1959-11-03 1960-11-04 laminated sheet and improved method and machine for obtaining
US3142599A (en) * 1959-11-27 1964-07-28 Sealed Air Corp Method for making laminated cushioning material
DK70088A (en) * 1988-02-11 1989-08-12 Broen Armatur As A process for preparing a hanehus with a freely rotatable union nut, as well as such hanehus

Cited By (186)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3419457A (en) * 1964-08-10 1968-12-31 Bleasdale Desmond Harold Laminated structure with former element
US3391413A (en) * 1965-03-04 1968-07-09 Samuel P. Crane Spacer sheet and cushion
US3362062A (en) * 1966-03-07 1968-01-09 Acf Ind Inc Method of forming a permeable structure for aerating bulk materials
US3523860A (en) * 1966-04-04 1970-08-11 Ludlow Corp Sponge rubber padding
US3530032A (en) * 1966-07-29 1970-09-22 Selfix Inc Vinyl peg board laminates bonded by amine curing epoxy adhesives in a binary solvent
US3597891A (en) * 1969-10-02 1971-08-10 Mc Donnell Douglas Corp Interior absorptive panel
US3722955A (en) * 1970-04-28 1973-03-27 Comfort Conditioning Inc Underbody ventilating structure
US3769145A (en) * 1971-05-03 1973-10-30 Kimberly Clark Co Reinforced plastic cushioning material
US3892902A (en) * 1972-12-04 1975-07-01 Preco Ind Ltd Plastic panel pad construction for spacing concrete panels
US3922409A (en) * 1973-01-26 1975-11-25 Erwin Stark Footmat
US3989867A (en) * 1973-02-16 1976-11-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorptive devices having porous backsheet
US3819007A (en) * 1973-04-27 1974-06-25 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Controllable laminar sound absorptive structure
US3938963A (en) * 1973-10-01 1976-02-17 Hale Jesse R Sandwich core panel having cured face sheets and a core formed with projecting modes
US3851724A (en) * 1974-02-25 1974-12-03 Bomco Acoustic damping structures
US3921232A (en) * 1974-03-29 1975-11-25 Procter & Gamble Self-inflating structure
US4054291A (en) * 1974-04-16 1977-10-18 Sony Corporation Turntable assembly for phonograph records
US4135020A (en) * 1975-02-24 1979-01-16 Elevations/Design, Inc. Process for producing art works and resulting product
US4035536A (en) * 1975-03-03 1977-07-12 Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation Sandwich panel core
US4096965A (en) * 1975-10-04 1978-06-27 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Storage device for sample containers
US4076872A (en) * 1977-03-16 1978-02-28 Stephen Lewicki Inflatable cellular assemblies of plastic material
US4274211A (en) * 1978-03-31 1981-06-23 Herbert Funck Shoe soles with non-slip profile
US4262433A (en) * 1978-08-08 1981-04-21 Hagg Vernon A Sole body for footwear
US4285432A (en) * 1978-11-21 1981-08-25 Gestion Paul De Villers, Inc. Package arrangement for fragile articles
US4291083A (en) * 1978-12-22 1981-09-22 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Sliding barrier for furniture devices and openings in buildings
US4344536A (en) * 1979-05-21 1982-08-17 Dieter Oberhuber Air cushion foil for packaging purposes
US4314865A (en) * 1979-09-14 1982-02-09 Ranpak Corp. Method of making cushioning dunnage
US4415398A (en) * 1979-09-14 1983-11-15 Ranpak Corp. Cushioning dunnage apparatus
US4533583A (en) * 1981-05-22 1985-08-06 May Michael G Thermal insulating mat
US4412879A (en) * 1981-11-02 1983-11-01 Ranpak Corp. Cushioning dunnage apparatus and method
US4482054A (en) * 1982-04-22 1984-11-13 Clevepost, Inc. Support and cushioning tube
US4518643A (en) * 1983-07-25 1985-05-21 Ethyl Corporation Plastic film
US4673605A (en) * 1985-05-23 1987-06-16 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Body support pad
US4605582A (en) * 1985-05-23 1986-08-12 American Hospital Supply Corporation Body support pad
US4921746A (en) * 1985-10-03 1990-05-01 Patriksson Inventing Ab Cellular, multi-layer material for forming a heat-insulating bag
DE3640543A1 (en) * 1986-02-12 1987-08-13 Katsumi Niwa Shock-absorbing packaging material
US4755416A (en) * 1986-05-16 1988-07-05 Matec Holding Ag Process for constructing a structural element that absorbs airborne sound
US5143775A (en) * 1988-05-30 1992-09-01 Ab Akerlund & Rausing Shock-absorbing wrapping and a method for manufacturing such wrapping
US4890877A (en) * 1988-07-12 1990-01-02 General Motors Corporation Energy absorption system for vehicle door and method of making
US5226372A (en) * 1989-02-13 1993-07-13 Coors Brewing Company Slip pallet with a cushioning effect
WO1990009325A1 (en) * 1989-02-13 1990-08-23 Adolph Coors Company Slip pallet with a cushioning effect
US5444959A (en) * 1989-07-31 1995-08-29 Tesch; Gunter Three-dimensional structural component
US5451325A (en) * 1989-12-06 1995-09-19 Herkenberg; Wolf Method for the removal of oil from oil spills
US5233767A (en) * 1990-02-09 1993-08-10 Hy Kramer Article of footwear having improved midsole
US5493791A (en) * 1990-02-09 1996-02-27 Hy Kramer Article of footwear having improved midsole
US5152023A (en) * 1990-11-13 1992-10-06 Graebe Robert W Cellular cushion having sealed cells
US5640728A (en) * 1993-09-30 1997-06-24 Graebe; Robert H. Ventilated access interface and cushion support system
WO1996004131A1 (en) * 1994-08-05 1996-02-15 Tredegar Industries, Inc. Lamination of apertured or non-apertured three-dimensional films to apertured or non-apertured three-dimensional and/or flat films
US5698054A (en) * 1994-08-05 1997-12-16 Tredegar Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for the lamination of apertured or non-apertured three-dimensional films to apertured or non-apertured three-dimensional and/or flat films
US5635276A (en) * 1994-08-05 1997-06-03 Tredegar Industries, Inc. Lamination of non-apertured three-dimensional films to apertured three-dimensional films and articles produced therefrom
US5783014A (en) * 1994-08-05 1998-07-21 Tredegar Industries, Inc. Lamination of apertured or non-apertured three-dimensional films to apertured or non-apertured three-dimensional and/or flat films
US5635275A (en) * 1994-08-05 1997-06-03 Tredegar Industries, Inc. Lamination of non-apertured three-dimensional films to apertured three-dimensional films and articles produced therefrom
US5690232A (en) * 1995-06-06 1997-11-25 Emery; Roy William Resilient wraparound cushion packing
US6361659B1 (en) 1995-12-27 2002-03-26 Chun-Tse Yang Pulp mold and molding means for manufacturing the same
US5826726A (en) * 1996-07-02 1998-10-27 Yang; Chun-Tse Pulp mold and molding means for manufacturing the same
US6022608A (en) * 1996-07-29 2000-02-08 Plantex S.P.A. Non-slip fabric with three layers and concave cups
US6004652A (en) * 1996-09-13 1999-12-21 Clark; Brian Hall Structural dimple panel
US6939599B2 (en) 1996-09-13 2005-09-06 Brian H. Clark Structural dimple panel
US20040178662A1 (en) * 1998-02-04 2004-09-16 Carroll Phillip Patrick Modular energy absorber and method for configuring same
US6752450B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2004-06-22 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Formed energy absorber
US6682128B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2004-01-27 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Composite energy absorber
US7360822B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2008-04-22 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Modular energy absorber and method for configuring same
US20060066134A2 (en) * 1998-02-04 2006-03-30 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Modular energy absorber and method for configuring same
US6679967B1 (en) 1998-02-04 2004-01-20 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Method for making a modular energy-absorbing assembly
US6315339B1 (en) 1998-04-15 2001-11-13 Compagnie Plastic Omnium Vehicular shock absorber
WO2000001525A1 (en) * 1998-07-02 2000-01-13 Concept Analysis Corporation Cup bumper absorber
US6443513B1 (en) * 1998-07-02 2002-09-03 Concept Analysis Corporation Cup bumper absorber
WO2000049903A1 (en) * 1999-02-26 2000-08-31 Rugged Footwear Company Footwear cushioning insert
US6907391B2 (en) 2000-03-06 2005-06-14 Johnson Controls Technology Company Method for improving the energy absorbing characteristics of automobile components
US6926947B1 (en) 2000-06-29 2005-08-09 Peter H. Seckel Domed packing material
US6550850B2 (en) * 2000-10-09 2003-04-22 Sai Automotive Allibert Industrie Device for absorbing energy during impact, and motor vehicle door comprising such a device
WO2002068233A1 (en) * 2001-02-21 2002-09-06 Huntsman Corporation Improved automotive head-impact protection
WO2002102460A3 (en) * 2001-06-19 2003-10-16 Oakwood Energy Man Inc Composite energy absorber
JP2009257584A (en) * 2001-06-19 2009-11-05 Oakwood Energy Management Inc Composite energy absorber
US20070187960A1 (en) * 2001-09-27 2007-08-16 Darin Evans Energy management beam
US8123263B2 (en) 2001-09-27 2012-02-28 Shape Corp. Energy management beam
US7225491B2 (en) 2001-11-30 2007-06-05 Wolverine World Wide, Inc. Shoe cushioning system and related method of manufacture
US20040250448A1 (en) * 2001-11-30 2004-12-16 Reed Karl A. Shoe cushioning system and related method of manufacture
US6754982B2 (en) 2001-11-30 2004-06-29 Wolverine World Wide, Inc. Shoe cushioning system and related method of manufacture
US20030165664A1 (en) * 2002-03-01 2003-09-04 Oakwood Custom Coating, Inc. Method of making a composite panel and article made thereby
US7089690B2 (en) * 2002-05-29 2006-08-15 Nike, Inc. Material having compressible projections and footwear incorporating the material
US20030221336A1 (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-04 Nike, Inc. Material having compressible projections and footwear incorporating the material
US6617415B1 (en) 2002-06-17 2003-09-09 Cortec Corporation Biodegradable corrosion inhibitor packages
US7494165B2 (en) 2003-07-03 2009-02-24 Netshape Energy Management Llc Method of making bumper system using thermoformed component
US20070108778A1 (en) * 2003-07-03 2007-05-17 Darin Evans Bumper system incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US7222897B2 (en) 2003-07-03 2007-05-29 Netshape Energy Management Llc Method of constructing bumper incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US7131674B2 (en) 2003-07-03 2006-11-07 Netshape International, Llc Bumper system incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US20050057053A1 (en) * 2003-07-03 2005-03-17 Darin Evans Bumper system incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US20060284431A1 (en) * 2003-07-03 2006-12-21 Darin Evans Method of constructing bumper incorporating thermoformed energy absorber
US7297191B1 (en) 2003-09-12 2007-11-20 Cortec Corporation Biodegradable corrosion inhibitor composition
US7118615B1 (en) 2003-09-12 2006-10-10 Cortec Corporation Biodegradable corrosion inhibitor composition
US20050097004A1 (en) * 2003-10-29 2005-05-05 Eduardo Masse Blume Method of advertising and related products
US9683622B2 (en) 2004-04-21 2017-06-20 Xenith, Llc Air venting, impact-absorbing compressible members
US7241391B1 (en) 2004-05-12 2007-07-10 Cortec Corporation Biodegradable scale and corrosion inhibitor composition
US7073831B2 (en) 2004-06-23 2006-07-11 Netshape International Llc Bumper with crush cones and energy absorber
US20050285418A1 (en) * 2004-06-23 2005-12-29 Darin Evans Bumper with crush cones and energy absorber
US7228723B2 (en) 2004-07-01 2007-06-12 Netshape Energy Management Llc Bumper impact-testing device
US20060001278A1 (en) * 2004-07-01 2006-01-05 Netshape International Llc Bumper impact-testing device
US7163243B2 (en) 2004-12-13 2007-01-16 Netshape International, Llc Bumper for pedestrian impact having thermoformed energy absorber
US20060125250A1 (en) * 2004-12-13 2006-06-15 Darin Evans Bumper for pedestrian impact having thermoformed energy absorber
US20060168706A1 (en) * 2005-02-03 2006-08-03 Auger Michel J G Vibration damping device for glove
US7865969B2 (en) * 2005-02-03 2011-01-11 Impacto Protective Products Inc. Vibration damping device for glove
US20070082181A1 (en) * 2005-10-10 2007-04-12 Woon-Tae Jung Cushioning material for packing
US7513566B2 (en) * 2006-02-06 2009-04-07 Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. Headliner stiffener with energy absorbing mechanism
US20070182216A1 (en) * 2006-02-06 2007-08-09 Toyota Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. Headliner Stiffener With Energy Absorbing Mechanism
US20070237487A1 (en) * 2006-03-22 2007-10-11 Case Pax Int'l. Co., Ltd. Computer bag
US20090108504A1 (en) * 2006-04-27 2009-04-30 Slama David F Methods of making structured films
US20090233045A1 (en) * 2006-04-27 2009-09-17 Slama David F Structured films having acoustical absorbance properties
US8367184B2 (en) * 2006-04-27 2013-02-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Structured films having acoustical absorbance properties
WO2007135372A1 (en) * 2006-05-18 2007-11-29 Carl John Parker Cushioning device
US7695069B2 (en) 2006-07-19 2010-04-13 Prust Peter C Seat cushion
US20080030062A1 (en) * 2006-07-19 2008-02-07 Prust Peter C Seat Cushion
CN101627222B (en) 2006-10-05 2012-06-13 森尼思有限责任公司 Impact energy management method and system
US20090026807A1 (en) * 2007-07-24 2009-01-29 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Energy-Absorbing Vehicle Hood Assembly with Cushion Inner Structure
US20110048850A1 (en) * 2008-05-05 2011-03-03 Alexander Jonathan H Acoustic composite
US8381872B2 (en) * 2008-05-05 2013-02-26 3M Innovative Properties Company Acoustic composite
US9375041B2 (en) * 2008-12-19 2016-06-28 Daniel James Plant Energy absorbing system
US20120021167A1 (en) * 2008-12-19 2012-01-26 Daniel James Plant Energy absorbing system
US8112907B2 (en) * 2009-01-03 2012-02-14 Eric Byeung Kim Disposable cushion shoe insert
US20100170117A1 (en) * 2009-01-03 2010-07-08 Eric Byeung Kim Disposable Cushion Shoe Insert
US20100207443A1 (en) * 2009-02-19 2010-08-19 Faurecia Automotive Seating, Inc. Vehicle seat cushion with inflatable air bladder
US20100244469A1 (en) * 2009-03-30 2010-09-30 Gerwolls Matthew M Energy absorber with anti-squeak anti-rattle feature
US8998298B2 (en) 2009-03-30 2015-04-07 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Recoverable energy absorber
US8827371B2 (en) * 2009-12-02 2014-09-09 Faurecia Automotive Seating, Llc Vehicle seat cushion with inflatable support
US20120280554A1 (en) * 2009-12-02 2012-11-08 Faurecia Automotive Seating, Inc. Vehicle seat cushion with inflatable support
US9278633B2 (en) 2009-12-02 2016-03-08 Faurecia Automotive Seating, Inc. Vehicle seat cushion with inflatable support
US20110139539A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-16 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute Structure for reducing acoustic load
US20110171420A1 (en) * 2010-01-11 2011-07-14 Shih-Sheng Yang Air cushion pad
US8875889B2 (en) 2010-02-22 2014-11-04 Reflex Packaging, Inc. Packaging cushion structure made from stiff paper-board sheets
US20110203962A1 (en) * 2010-02-22 2011-08-25 Reflex Packaging Inc. Packaging cushion structure made from stiff paper-board sheets
WO2011103287A1 (en) * 2010-02-22 2011-08-25 Reflex Packaging, Inc. Environmentally friendly cushioning structure
US20130082018A1 (en) * 2010-04-07 2013-04-04 Tegometall International Ag Support frame for racks
RU2536222C2 (en) * 2010-04-07 2014-12-20 Тегометалл Интернэшнл Аг Combination of warehouse rack
US20130183485A1 (en) * 2010-05-27 2013-07-18 Coldpack Elastic multilayer structure having alveoli with holes
US8726424B2 (en) 2010-06-03 2014-05-20 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Energy management structure
US9463761B2 (en) * 2011-03-15 2016-10-11 Kyoraku Co., Ltd. Impact energy absorber for vehicle and method for forming the same
US20150266441A1 (en) * 2011-03-15 2015-09-24 Kyoraku Co., Ltd. Impact energy absorber for vehicle and method for forming the same
US20130326819A1 (en) * 2011-06-07 2013-12-12 Skydex Technologies, Inc. Collapsible Layered Cushion
US8990987B2 (en) * 2011-06-07 2015-03-31 Skydex Technologies, Inc. Collapsible layered cushion
US9492018B2 (en) 2011-06-07 2016-11-15 Skydex Technologies, Inc. Collapsible layered cushion
US9516910B2 (en) 2011-07-01 2016-12-13 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
USD679058S1 (en) 2011-07-01 2013-03-26 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet liner
USD683079S1 (en) 2011-10-10 2013-05-21 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet liner
US20130086733A1 (en) * 2011-10-10 2013-04-11 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
CN104039201B (en) * 2011-11-11 2016-06-08 斯凯达克斯科技有限公司 Porous mat
EP3090658A1 (en) * 2011-11-11 2016-11-09 Skydex Technologies, Inc. Cellular cushion
CN104039201A (en) * 2011-11-11 2014-09-10 斯凯达克斯科技有限公司 Cellular Cushion
EP2775885A4 (en) * 2011-11-11 2015-06-03 Skydex Technologies Inc Cellular cushion
US20140242330A1 (en) * 2011-11-17 2014-08-28 Byung-Chang Song Irregularly formed waterproof panel having hollow protrusion for waterproofing, and waterproofing construction using same
US8814150B2 (en) 2011-12-14 2014-08-26 Xenith, Llc Shock absorbers for protective body gear
US8950735B2 (en) 2011-12-14 2015-02-10 Xenith, Llc Shock absorbers for protective body gear
US20160353826A1 (en) * 2011-12-16 2016-12-08 Viconic Defense Inc. Rebounding cushioning helmet liner
US9420843B2 (en) * 2011-12-16 2016-08-23 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Rebounding cushioning helmet liner
US20130152287A1 (en) * 2011-12-16 2013-06-20 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Rebounding cushioning helmet liner
US9622534B2 (en) * 2011-12-16 2017-04-18 Viconic Sporting Llc Rebounding cushioning helmet liner
US9462843B2 (en) 2011-12-16 2016-10-11 Viconic Defense Inc. Cushioning helmet liner
US9315312B2 (en) * 2011-12-28 2016-04-19 Sealed Air Corporation (Us) Domed multilayer cushioning article
US20130171422A1 (en) * 2011-12-28 2013-07-04 Sealed Air Corporation (Us) Domed Multilayer Cushioning Article
US9763522B2 (en) 2012-01-31 2017-09-19 Backjoy Orthotics, Llc Seat cushion with flexible contouring
US9125493B2 (en) 2012-01-31 2015-09-08 Backjoy Orthotics, Llc Seat cushion with flexible contouring
US9635897B2 (en) 2012-01-31 2017-05-02 Backjoy Orthotics, Llc Cushion items with flexible contouring
US20150007508A1 (en) * 2012-02-10 2015-01-08 Jarkko Valtanen Insulation element and a system comprising the insulation element
US9764696B2 (en) * 2012-03-07 2017-09-19 Toyoda Iron Works Co., Ltd. Superimposed composite interior component
US9987819B2 (en) 2012-03-07 2018-06-05 Toyoda Iron Works Co., Ltd. Superimposed composite interior component
US20150072105A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2015-03-12 Toyoda Iron Works Co., Ltd. Superimposed composite interior component
US20160037861A1 (en) * 2012-04-27 2016-02-11 Nike, Inc. Insole With Inferiorly Extending Projections
US20130291289A1 (en) * 2012-05-02 2013-11-07 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
US9320311B2 (en) * 2012-05-02 2016-04-26 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet impact liner system
US9894953B2 (en) 2012-10-04 2018-02-20 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet retention system
US9668530B2 (en) * 2013-01-30 2017-06-06 Stephen D. Miller Resilient prominence fabric and articles made therefrom
US20150366281A1 (en) * 2013-01-30 2015-12-24 Miller D. Stephen Resilient prominence fabric and articles made therefrom
US20140216852A1 (en) * 2013-02-07 2014-08-07 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Impact resistant article
US9739053B2 (en) 2013-04-18 2017-08-22 Viconic Defense Inc. Multi-tiered recoiling energy absorbing system with lateral stabilizer
US9528280B2 (en) 2013-04-18 2016-12-27 Viconic Sporting Llc Surface underlayment system with interlocking resilient anti-slip shock tiles
US9194136B2 (en) * 2013-04-18 2015-11-24 Viconic Defense Inc. Recoiling energy absorbing system
US20140311075A1 (en) * 2013-04-18 2014-10-23 Viconic Defense Inc. Recoiling energy absorbing system with lateral stabilizer
US9279258B2 (en) * 2013-04-18 2016-03-08 Viconic Defense Inc. Recoiling energy absorbing system with lateral stabilizer
US20140311074A1 (en) * 2013-04-18 2014-10-23 Viconic Defense Inc. Recoiling energy absorbing system
US9815418B2 (en) 2013-05-15 2017-11-14 Toyoda Iron Works Co., Ltd. Laminated composite interior part
USD733972S1 (en) 2013-09-12 2015-07-07 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet
US20150107005A1 (en) * 2013-10-18 2015-04-23 Terrence Lee Schneider Sports equipment that employ force-absorbing elements
US9743701B2 (en) 2013-10-28 2017-08-29 Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc Helmet retention system
US9415708B2 (en) 2014-02-18 2016-08-16 Oakwood Energy Management, Inc. Conformable energy absorber
US20160136869A1 (en) * 2014-11-13 2016-05-19 Adidas Ag Methods of Vacuum Forming Articles of Wear
US9789644B2 (en) * 2014-11-13 2017-10-17 Adidas Ag Methods of vacuum forming articles of wear
US9308393B1 (en) 2015-01-15 2016-04-12 Dri-Em, Inc. Bed drying device, UV lights for bedsores
WO2018085471A2 (en) 2016-11-04 2018-05-11 Sealed Air Corporation (Us) Packaging system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3494607A (en) Impact energy absorbing fluid cushion structure
US3335045A (en) Method for making an inflatable article
US3461632A (en) Lightweight cellular structural material
US3253762A (en) Trays, containers and the like
US3155282A (en) Sprinkler type package
US3346101A (en) Inflatable packing insert
US3219233A (en) Carrier for bottles and the like
US3105765A (en) Evacuated coffee package
US3563445A (en) Plastic tray structures
US3351264A (en) Packaging device
US3638824A (en) Plastic container
US5005702A (en) Portable food/writing tray
US3927766A (en) Cups for holding ingredients for drinks
US3768724A (en) Cushioned shipping bag
US3740238A (en) Stackable cookie package and tray
US5595806A (en) Mat for bearing and supporting objects, especially for packaging
US3708084A (en) Packing for fragile articles
US5019212A (en) Method for producing gas-permeable parcelling film
US4110857A (en) Resilient foam cushion structure
US3171691A (en) Seat construction
US3392902A (en) Carton with cushioning insert of foam plastic material
US3304219A (en) Energy absorbing materials
US3356277A (en) Deep-drawn plastic film packaging
US5311992A (en) Retaining flap for shipping cartons
US3701465A (en) Packaging structure