FR2461332A1 - Azimuthal mount for solar panel - has rigid structure with preset inclination and motorised azimuth adjustment - Google Patents

Azimuthal mount for solar panel - has rigid structure with preset inclination and motorised azimuth adjustment Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2461332A1
FR2461332A1 FR7918402A FR7918402A FR2461332A1 FR 2461332 A1 FR2461332 A1 FR 2461332A1 FR 7918402 A FR7918402 A FR 7918402A FR 7918402 A FR7918402 A FR 7918402A FR 2461332 A1 FR2461332 A1 FR 2461332A1
Authority
FR
France
Prior art keywords
rail
panel
support
angle
base
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
FR7918402A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jean-Pierre Gaechter
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SOTEREM SA
Original Assignee
SOTEREM SA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SOTEREM SA filed Critical SOTEREM SA
Priority to FR7918402A priority Critical patent/FR2461332A1/en
Publication of FR2461332A1 publication Critical patent/FR2461332A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G12INSTRUMENT DETAILS
    • G12BCONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF INSTRUMENTS, OR COMPARABLE DETAILS OF OTHER APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G12B9/00Housing or supporting of instruments or other apparatus
    • G12B9/08Supports; Devices for carrying
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/44Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms
    • B23Q1/50Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/54Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two rotating pairs only
    • B23Q1/5406Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two rotating pairs only a single rotating pair followed perpendicularly by a single rotating pair
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • B23Q5/38Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously
    • B23Q5/385Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously using a gear and rack mechanism or a friction wheel co-operating with a rail
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • F24S30/45Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement with two rotation axes
    • F24S30/452Vertical primary axis
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/10Supporting structures directly fixed to the ground
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2030/10Special components
    • F24S2030/11Driving means
    • F24S2030/115Linear actuators, e.g. pneumatic cylinders
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2030/10Special components
    • F24S2030/14Movement guiding means
    • F24S2030/145Tracks
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/10Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules extending in directions away from a supporting surface
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The solar panel support has a horizontal triangular base which turns on a circular rail with a re-entrant profile, with an angle of about 90 degrees, using three wheels engaged in the profile of the rail. One of the wheels is motorised and turns the structure by friction against the rail to orient the panel in azimuth. The inclination of the panel is preset by adjusting the length of two tie-rails (3) between the top of the panel and the base. The tetrahedral structure confers great rigidity to the support with the minimum of material.

Description

L'invention concerne un support orienteur azimutal permettant d'orienter un panneau en azimut et de régler manuellement son angle de site. Ce support peut en particulier, mais non exclusivement être un support de cellules photovoltaïques pour orienter de façon appropriée un panneau en vue de recueillir les rayons solaires sur un système à irradier ou à chauffer (panneau réfléchissant de forme plana ou parabolique, chaudière, etc...); dans ce cas le gain énergétique ebtenu est de l'ordre de 35 %. The invention relates to an azimuth orienting support for orienting a panel in azimuth and for manually adjusting its elevation angle. This support may in particular, but not exclusively, be a support for photovoltaic cells for appropriately orienting a panel with a view to collecting the solar rays on a system to be irradiated or heated (reflective panel of plana or parabolic shape, boiler, etc. ..); in this case the energy gain achieved is of the order of 35%.

La présente invention se propose de fournir pour les surfaces irradiées inférieures à 10 m2, un support orienteur bénéficiant à la fois des qualités suivantes : coût réduit, fiabilité de fonctionnement, précision de l'ordre de I degré en azimut, réglage aisé en site. The present invention proposes to provide for irradiated surfaces less than 10 m2, an orienting support benefiting from both the following qualities: reduced cost, operating reliability, precision of the order of I degree in azimuth, easy adjustment in site.

D'autres caractéristiques, buts et avantages de l'invention se dégageront de la description qui suit, en référence aux dessins annexés, lesquels en présentent, à titre d'exemples non limitatifs, un mode de réalisation préféré.Other characteristics, objects and advantages of the invention will emerge from the description which follows, with reference to the appended drawings, which present, by way of nonlimiting examples, a preferred embodiment.

Sur ces dessins, qui font partie intégrante de la description
- La figure 1 est une vue schématique en perspective de ce mode de réalisation, swec arrachés partiels de certains éléments pour en faciliter la compréhension.
In these drawings, which form an integral part of the description
- Figure 1 is a schematic perspective view of this embodiment, partial torn swec of certain elements to facilitate understanding.

- La figure 2 est une coupe verticale d'ensemble selon le plan axial. - Figure 2 is an overall vertical section along the axial plane.

- La figure 3 est une vue de détail du dispositif d'entraînement de la structure. - Figure 3 is a detail view of the drive device of the structure.

Le support est constitué d'une embase triangulaire horizontale I qui tourne sur un rail circulaire 2 pour assurer l'orientation en azimut; deux billes de longuenr réglables 3, articulées sur l'angle de l'embase qui soutient le dispositif d'entraînement 4, permettent le réglage en site du panneau 5, par pivotement autour du côté de l'embase triangulaire opposé à cet angle 6. The support consists of a horizontal triangular base I which rotates on a circular rail 2 to ensure the orientation in azimuth; two adjustable length 3 balls 3, articulated on the angle of the base which supports the drive device 4, allow the adjustment in elevation of the panel 5, by pivoting around the side of the triangular base opposite this angle 6.

Selon un mode de réalisation préféré, la structure triangulaire est supportée par trois roulettes 7 à bandages caoutchouc 8 prisonnières de la gorge extérieure du rail qui est surélevé et fixé sur le sol par des jambages 9. According to a preferred embodiment, the triangular structure is supported by three rollers 7 with rubber tires 8 trapped in the outer groove of the rail which is raised and fixed to the ground by legs 9.

Le mouvement de la structure est généré par une roulette motrice entraînée par un motoréducteur 10. La position du support en azimut est asservie en boucle ouverte par rapport à des références spatiales absolues grâce à une commande électronique approprtée, et la structure est susceptible de réaliser un tour complet sur le rail.  The movement of the structure is generated by a drive wheel driven by a geared motor 10. The position of the azimuth support is controlled in open loop with respect to absolute spatial references thanks to an appropriate electronic control, and the structure is capable of achieving a full turn on the rail.

Claims (3)

REVENDICATIONS 1) Support orienteur azimutal permettant d'orienter un panneau en azimut et de le régler en site, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend une embase triangulaire horizontale tournant sur un rail circulaire, dont le profil extérieur ou intérieur présente un angle rentrant voisin de 90 , à l'aide de trois roulettes de guidage engagées dans le profil du rail. 1) Azimuth orienting support making it possible to orient a panel in azimuth and to adjust it in elevation, characterized in that it comprises a horizontal triangular base rotating on a circular rail, the external or internal profile of which has a re-entrant angle close to 90 , using three guide rollers engaged in the rail profile. Une des trois roulettes est motrice et entraîne le support triangulaire par friction sur le rail. Le réglage en site est réalisé par 2,bielles de longueur réglable fixées d'une part à la partie supérieure du panneau et articulées d'autre part au niveau de l'angle de l'embase comportant le dispositf d'entraî- nement. L'axe de pivotement du panneau est confondu avec le côté de l'embase opposé à l'angle comportant le dispositif d'entraînement de celle-ci. Cette t structure tétraàdrique confère une grande rigidité au support avec le minimum de matiere.One of the three rollers is driving and drives the triangular support by friction on the rail. The adjustment in elevation is carried out by 2, rods of adjustable length fixed on the one hand to the upper part of the panel and articulated on the other hand at the angle of the base comprising the drive device. The pivot axis of the panel coincides with the side of the base opposite the angle comprising the drive device thereof. This tetrahedral structure gives great rigidity to the support with the minimum of material. 2) Support orienteur selon la revendication 1, catactérisé en ce que les moyens de guidage de l'embase triangulaire supportant la structure comprennent un rail fixe de forme circulaire et des #moyens de roulement guidés par le rail. 2) Orienting support according to claim 1, characterized in that the guide means of the triangular base supporting the structure comprise a fixed rail of circular shape and #means of rolling guided by the rail. 3) Support orienteur selon les revendications I et 2, caractérisé par un réglage en site par 2 bielles de longaenr réglable, articulées sur un angle de l'embase triangulaire et sur la partie supérieure de la structure.  3) Orientation support according to claims I and 2, characterized by a site adjustment by 2 adjustable longaenr rods, articulated on an angle of the triangular base and on the upper part of the structure.
FR7918402A 1979-07-10 1979-07-10 Azimuthal mount for solar panel - has rigid structure with preset inclination and motorised azimuth adjustment Pending FR2461332A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR7918402A FR2461332A1 (en) 1979-07-10 1979-07-10 Azimuthal mount for solar panel - has rigid structure with preset inclination and motorised azimuth adjustment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR7918402A FR2461332A1 (en) 1979-07-10 1979-07-10 Azimuthal mount for solar panel - has rigid structure with preset inclination and motorised azimuth adjustment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
FR2461332A1 true FR2461332A1 (en) 1981-01-30

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
FR7918402A Pending FR2461332A1 (en) 1979-07-10 1979-07-10 Azimuthal mount for solar panel - has rigid structure with preset inclination and motorised azimuth adjustment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
FR (1) FR2461332A1 (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2494408A1 (en) * 1980-11-19 1982-05-21 Sacaze Pierre Yves Solar heat collector mounting - is in three parts forming triangle, with one side adjustable for length
DE3244225A1 (en) * 1982-11-30 1984-05-30 Teldix Gmbh, 6900 Heidelberg Arrangement for positioning appliances such as antennas, solar generators, etc.
FR2544551A1 (en) * 1983-04-15 1984-10-19 Gallois Montbrun Roger WIND RESISTANT SOLAR ENERGY SENSOR DEVICE
FR2643510A1 (en) * 1989-02-23 1990-08-24 Gallois Montbrun Roger PERFECTLY SOLAR SENSOR
WO2001088312A1 (en) * 2000-05-17 2001-11-22 Jacques Lambey Multidirectional frame provided with a heat sensor or a photovoltaic sensor
WO2002073703A1 (en) * 2001-03-12 2002-09-19 Jazo Zevenaar B.V. Holder for a photovoltaic panel
FR2880371A1 (en) * 2005-01-04 2006-07-07 Jacques Lambey Blind or awning photo-generator for converting solar energy into electrical energy, has units arranged under form of flexible sheet or bar arrangement, where one unit is superimposed on another unit at certain distance when they unfolded
WO2007091287A2 (en) * 2006-02-06 2007-08-16 Paolo Menon Support structure for orientable vertical panels
EP2461121A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2012-06-06 Abengoa Solar New Technologies, S.A. Solar tracker for rotary high-concentration photovoltaic solar modules for roofs and solar farms
US20150283633A1 (en) * 2014-04-02 2015-10-08 Hiwin Technologies Corp. Angle-Adjustable Thread Processing Machine
US10505492B2 (en) 2016-02-12 2019-12-10 Solarcity Corporation Building integrated photovoltaic roofing assemblies and associated systems and methods
WO2021246882A3 (en) * 2020-06-06 2022-03-17 Promet-Plast S.C. Elżbieta Jeżewska, Andrzej Jeżewski Modular construction of solar panel batteries and assembly of modules

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3905352A (en) * 1973-08-31 1975-09-16 Arnold Jahn System for collecting and transferring usable solar heat
FR2356169A1 (en) * 1976-02-09 1978-01-20 Anvar HELIOSTAT

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3905352A (en) * 1973-08-31 1975-09-16 Arnold Jahn System for collecting and transferring usable solar heat
FR2356169A1 (en) * 1976-02-09 1978-01-20 Anvar HELIOSTAT

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2494408A1 (en) * 1980-11-19 1982-05-21 Sacaze Pierre Yves Solar heat collector mounting - is in three parts forming triangle, with one side adjustable for length
DE3244225A1 (en) * 1982-11-30 1984-05-30 Teldix Gmbh, 6900 Heidelberg Arrangement for positioning appliances such as antennas, solar generators, etc.
FR2544551A1 (en) * 1983-04-15 1984-10-19 Gallois Montbrun Roger WIND RESISTANT SOLAR ENERGY SENSOR DEVICE
WO1984004152A1 (en) * 1983-04-15 1984-10-25 Montbrun Roger Gallois Wind-resistant solar energy collector device
FR2643510A1 (en) * 1989-02-23 1990-08-24 Gallois Montbrun Roger PERFECTLY SOLAR SENSOR
EP0384839A1 (en) * 1989-02-23 1990-08-29 GALLOIS MONTBRUN, Roger Solar collector
AU623226B2 (en) * 1989-02-23 1992-05-07 Roger Gallois-Montbrun A solar collector
WO2001088312A1 (en) * 2000-05-17 2001-11-22 Jacques Lambey Multidirectional frame provided with a heat sensor or a photovoltaic sensor
WO2002073703A1 (en) * 2001-03-12 2002-09-19 Jazo Zevenaar B.V. Holder for a photovoltaic panel
NL1017567C2 (en) * 2001-03-12 2002-09-20 Jazo Zevenaar B V Holder for a photovoltaic panel.
FR2880371A1 (en) * 2005-01-04 2006-07-07 Jacques Lambey Blind or awning photo-generator for converting solar energy into electrical energy, has units arranged under form of flexible sheet or bar arrangement, where one unit is superimposed on another unit at certain distance when they unfolded
WO2007091287A2 (en) * 2006-02-06 2007-08-16 Paolo Menon Support structure for orientable vertical panels
WO2007091287A3 (en) * 2006-02-06 2007-09-27 Paolo Menon Support structure for orientable vertical panels
EP2461121A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2012-06-06 Abengoa Solar New Technologies, S.A. Solar tracker for rotary high-concentration photovoltaic solar modules for roofs and solar farms
EP2461121A4 (en) * 2009-07-28 2014-06-04 Abengoa Solar New Tech Sa Solar tracker for rotary high-concentration photovoltaic solar modules for roofs and solar farms
US20150283633A1 (en) * 2014-04-02 2015-10-08 Hiwin Technologies Corp. Angle-Adjustable Thread Processing Machine
US9308593B2 (en) * 2014-04-02 2016-04-12 Hiwin Technologies Corp. Angle-adjustable thread processing machine
US10505492B2 (en) 2016-02-12 2019-12-10 Solarcity Corporation Building integrated photovoltaic roofing assemblies and associated systems and methods
WO2021246882A3 (en) * 2020-06-06 2022-03-17 Promet-Plast S.C. Elżbieta Jeżewska, Andrzej Jeżewski Modular construction of solar panel batteries and assembly of modules

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