EP1978177B1 - Spacer for fixing a supporting element to a wall - Google Patents

Spacer for fixing a supporting element to a wall Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1978177B1
EP1978177B1 EP08005784A EP08005784A EP1978177B1 EP 1978177 B1 EP1978177 B1 EP 1978177B1 EP 08005784 A EP08005784 A EP 08005784A EP 08005784 A EP08005784 A EP 08005784A EP 1978177 B1 EP1978177 B1 EP 1978177B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
wall
spacer
spacer according
insulating
anchor
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EP08005784A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP1978177A1 (en
Inventor
Michael Hermes
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/762Exterior insulation of exterior walls
    • E04B1/7637Anchoring of separate elements through the lining to the wall
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D7/00Hinges or pivots of special construction
    • E05D7/04Hinges adjustable relative to the wing or the frame
    • E05D7/043Hinges adjustable relative to the wing or the frame by means of dowel attachments
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F10/00Sunshades, e.g. Florentine blinds or jalousies; Outside screens; Awnings or baldachins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D5/00Construction of single parts, e.g. the parts for attachment
    • E05D5/02Parts for attachment, e.g. flaps
    • E05D2005/0292Parts for attachment, e.g. flaps for passing through insulating layers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D7/00Hinges or pivots of special construction
    • E05D7/0009Adjustable hinges
    • E05D7/0018Adjustable hinges at the hinge axis
    • E05D7/0045Adjustable hinges at the hinge axis in a radial direction
    • E05D7/0054Adjustable hinges at the hinge axis in a radial direction by means of eccentric parts
    • E05D2007/0063Eccentric hinge pins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2600/00Mounting or coupling arrangements for elements provided for in this subclass
    • E05Y2600/60Mounting or coupling members; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2600/622Dowels; Pins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2800/00Details, accessories and auxiliary operations not otherwise provided for
    • E05Y2800/10Additional functions
    • E05Y2800/12Sealing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2800/00Details, accessories and auxiliary operations not otherwise provided for
    • E05Y2800/67Materials; Strength alteration thereof
    • E05Y2800/674Metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2800/00Details, accessories and auxiliary operations not otherwise provided for
    • E05Y2800/67Materials; Strength alteration thereof
    • E05Y2800/676Plastics
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2800/00Details, accessories and auxiliary operations not otherwise provided for
    • E05Y2800/67Materials; Strength alteration thereof
    • E05Y2800/68Combinations of materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/146Shutters

Definitions

  • the invention relates to a spacer for fastening a retaining element in a wall with an external insulating layer, with a first portion which carries the holding element, a second portion which is held in the wall, and a low thermal conductivity insulating element between the first and second portion , wherein the two sections are dimensioned so that the insulating element comes to rest in the insulating layer of the wall.
  • the insulating element is designed as a spacer sleeve into which a protruding into the supporting wall threaded rod can be screwed.
  • the spacer sleeve has a receiving bore for a fastening screw as a holding element, with which then suitable further holding components can be fixed non-positively in the wall.
  • the spacer sleeve is made of a thermally less conductive material to avoid cold spots, for reasons of stability, the threaded rod, which serves as an anchor bolt in the wall, made of steel.
  • a fastener for attaching loads to a thermal insulation wall.
  • This has a cylindrical insulating element whose length corresponds at least to the thickness of the thermal insulation to be bridged and which is glued to a wall-side end with a threaded element.
  • This threaded member alternatively consists of a bonded to the insulating threaded rod with external thread, a fixed to an inner side of the insulating threaded bushing with internal thread or fixed to an outer side of the insulating threaded sleeve.
  • the threaded element is fixed during assembly of the fastener by means of a curable material in a recess of the wall.
  • DE 1 400 932 A1 describes a device for fast sequential attachment of several threaded sleeves on formwork walls. These threaded sleeves are embedded in the filling of the formwork in order to avoid subsequent drilling of dowel holes.
  • FR 1,095.493 shows a fastener for use with a thermosetting mass, which has scale-like surfaces on its periphery to increase the pull-out and torsional holding forces.
  • EP 0 167 484 A1 describes a fastener with a dowel body having a plurality of embossed portions which produce a square shaped cross section.
  • the object of the invention is to develop the generic spacer such that it is more stable in terms of both the rotational forces and tensile forces while maintaining the thermal insulation.
  • the basic idea of the invention is to be seen in that the torsional strength and the tensile strength are reinforced by the formation of longitudinal edges and at least one circumferential profiling at least in that anchor which is held in the masonry.
  • the insulating element as a cylindrical member with threaded ends on both sides and corresponding threaded holes in the front ends of the armature, a stable composite of these components can be produced to the spacer according to the invention, in which the annular shoulder running on both sides of the insulating element can serve as a stop for the anchor.
  • the at least one circumferential profiling of the anchor sitting in the supporting wall can also serve as a AblShmark ist to produce from a stock in stock anchor of a certain length an anchor of the required in terms of the masonry and the insulating layer length, so that the spacer on simple way can also be adapted locally to the structural conditions.
  • the holding element for which the spacer is to serve is a fferkloben for a folding shutter
  • the receiving surface for the folding shutter is vertically adjustable, so that on-site not always avoidable tolerances of associated spacers, e.g. for the holder of both sides of a window to be arranged shutters, can be compensated in a simple manner.
  • the spacer consists of three components, namely a held in the load-bearing wall or masonry W4 anchor 20, which is designed as a hexagonal anchor and a plurality of circumferentially extending profiles P has.
  • the cross-sectional configuration of the hexagonal anchor substantially increases the rotational strength of the anchor in the masonry or in the intended for contact with the masonry mortar or adhesive.
  • the profiles P are formed in the embodiment as circumferential grooves into which the adhesive or mortar can penetrate, which significantly increases the tensile strength of the armature in the direction of its longitudinal axis out of the masonry out.
  • the armature 20 has on its outwardly facing end face a threaded bore 20A.
  • the holding member section also consists of a hexagonal anchor 10, the inwardly facing end side has a corresponding threaded bore 10A, and at its outwardly facing end has a further threaded bore 10B, into which a matching thread of a screw 40 formed as Retaining element is screwed.
  • the insulating element 30 which consists of an integrally made component made of fiber reinforced composite material, with a central portion 30A and front end subsequent threaded ends 30B, 30C, in the threaded holes 10A, 20A of the two anchors 10 and 20th fit.
  • the central part 30A has a larger diameter than the threaded ends 30B, 30C, so that at the transition between these sections circumferential edge shoulders R1, R2 are formed, which serve as a stop for the two Anchor 10,20 serve when screwing on the insulating element 30 and reliably stabilize the spacer against bending.
  • the spacer in this assembled state, can then be installed in the wall W, including an in FIG. 2 shown sieve sleeve can be used, but this is not required, as in FIG. 3 shown.
  • a ringkloben 40 can be screwed as a holding element which receives a folding shutter K pivotally.
  • the ringkloben 40 is formed so that its support surface for the folding shutter K is height adjustable, so that, for example, tolerances that can arise on both sides of a window during installation of the two spacers, can be compensated and a perfect fit of the two folding shutter halves can be achieved.
  • the ringkloben 40 is first constructed of a sleeve-shaped receiving element 41.
  • an actuator 42 is vertically displaceable, which continues upward in one piece in a coaxially extending retaining pin 43 with a smaller diameter, so that a circumferential shoulder S is formed, to which the retaining sleeve of the folding shutter can be placed.
  • the receiving element 41 has an outer diameter of 19 mm and an inner diameter of 15 mm
  • the retaining pin 43 has a diameter of 9 mm.
  • an adjusting pin 44 which is slidably guided by the bottom 41 A of the receiving element 41 and fixedly connected to the receiving element 41. By actuating the adjusting pin 44, the adjusting element can be moved vertically with the holding pin 43 and thereby adjust the vertical position of the folding shutter K.

Abstract

The spacer has two sections, of which one section carries a retaining element and the other section is held in a wall (W). An insulating element (30) is provided with less heat conduction between the sections, which are formed of anchors (10, 20), where the element is formed of fiber-reinforced composite material. Threaded holes are provided on front sides of the anchors, where threaded ends of the insulating element are screwed into the holes. The anchor (20), which is held in the brickwork, is designed as a multi-sided anchor that exhibits profiles (P) running at the circumference.

Description

Technischer HintergrundTechnical background

Die Erfindung betrifft einen Abstandshalter zur Befestigung eines Halteelementes in einer Wandung mit außen liegender Dämmschicht, mit einem ersten Abschnitt, der das Halteelement trägt, einem zweiten Abschnitt, der in der Wandung gehalten ist, und einem Dämmelement mit geringer Wärmeleitung zwischen dem ersten und zweiten Abschnitt, wobei die beiden Abschnitte so dimensioniert sind, dass das Dämmelement in der Dämmschicht der Wandung zu liegen kommt.The invention relates to a spacer for fastening a retaining element in a wall with an external insulating layer, with a first portion which carries the holding element, a second portion which is held in the wall, and a low thermal conductivity insulating element between the first and second portion , wherein the two sections are dimensioned so that the insulating element comes to rest in the insulating layer of the wall.

Zur Einleitung von Lasten in eine Wandung, beispielsweise zur Halterung einer Markise, eines Klappladens oder sonstiger Gegenstände, bedarf es besonderer Maßnahmen, wenn die Wandung mit einer außen liegenden Dämmschicht versehen ist, da diese in der Regel keine Kräfte aufnehmen kann. Das Halteelement muss daher sicher in einem Abstand zur tragenden Wandung gehalten werden, der etwa der Dicke der Dämmschicht entspricht. Dabei muss darauf geachtet werden, dass durch die konstruktive Verbindung des Halteelementes mit dem in der tragenden Wandung gehaltenen Teil keine Kältebrücke entsteht, hier muss folglich ein Dämmelement mit geringer Wärmeleitung vorgesehen sein.For the introduction of loads in a wall, for example, for holding an awning, a folding shutter or other objects, it requires special measures when the wall is provided with an external insulating layer, as these can absorb in the rule no forces. The holding element must therefore be kept at a safe distance from the supporting wall, which corresponds approximately to the thickness of the insulating layer. It must be ensured that no cold bridge is formed by the constructive connection of the holding element with the part held in the supporting wall, thus an insulating element with low heat conduction must be provided accordingly.

Stand der TechnikState of the art

Aus der DE 10 2005 022 449 A1 ist ein gattungsgemäßer Abstandshalter bekannt, bei dem das Dämmelement als Abstandshülse ausgebildet ist, in den eine in die tragende Wandung ragende Gewindestange einschraubbar ist. An ihrer Stirnseite weist die Abstandshülse eine Aufnahmebohrung für eine Befestigungsschraube als Halteelement auf, mit der dann geeignete weitere Haltebauteile kraftschlüssig in der Wandung fixiert werden können. Die Abstandshülse ist aus einem thermisch wenig leitenden Werkstoff hergestellt, um Kältebrücken zu vermeiden, aus Stabilitätsgründen ist die Gewindestange, die als Ankerbolzen in der Wandung dient, aus Stahl gefertigt.From the DE 10 2005 022 449 A1 a generic spacer is known in which the insulating element is designed as a spacer sleeve into which a protruding into the supporting wall threaded rod can be screwed. At its front side, the spacer sleeve has a receiving bore for a fastening screw as a holding element, with which then suitable further holding components can be fixed non-positively in the wall. The spacer sleeve is made of a thermally less conductive material to avoid cold spots, for reasons of stability, the threaded rod, which serves as an anchor bolt in the wall, made of steel.

Die Verwendung einer im wesentlichen rotationssymmetrischen Gewindestange als Ankerelement, die in diesem Bereich weitgehend üblich ist, ermöglicht auch bei der Fixierung durch Mörtel oder geeignete Klebstoffe, ggf. in einer Siebhülse, einen begrenzten Widerstand gegen die Einwirkung von Drehkräften um deren Längsachse, wie sie beim Einschrauben von Schraubelementen in die nach außen zeigende Stirnseite des Abstandshalters insbesondere dann auftreten können, wenn hierbei größere Hebelelemente zum Tragen kommen.The use of a substantially rotationally symmetrical threaded rod as anchoring element, which is widely used in this area, also allows for fixing by mortar or suitable adhesives, possibly in a sieve sleeve, a limited resistance to the action of rotational forces about the longitudinal axis, as in the Screwing screwing into the outwardly facing end face of the spacer can occur in particular when this larger lever elements come to fruition.

Durch die nur geringe Profilierung der handelsüblichen Gewindestangen ist auch die Widerstandskraft des vorbekannten Abstandshalters gegenüber Zugkräften in seiner Längsachse nur begrenzt.Due to the low profile of the commercial threaded rods and the resistance of the prior art spacer against tensile forces in its longitudinal axis is limited.

DE 199 47 913 A1 beschreibt ein Befestigungselement zur Anbringung von Lasten an einer eine Wärmedämmung aufweisenden Wand. Dieses weist ein zylinderförmiges Isolierelement auf, dessen Länge zumindest der Stärke der zu überbrückenden Wärmedämmung entspricht und das an einem wandseitigen Ende mit einem Gewindeelement verklebt ist. Dieses Gewindeelement besteht alternativ aus einem mit dem Isolierelement verklebten Gewindestab mit Außengewinde, einer an einer Innenseite des Isolierelementes festgelegten Gewindebuchse mit Innengewinde oder einer an einer Außenseite des Isolierelementes festgelegten Gewindehülse. In jedem Fall wird das Gewindeelement bei der Montage des Befestigungselementes mittels einer aushärtbaren Masse in einer Ausnehmung der Wand festgelegt. DE 199 47 913 A1 describes a fastener for attaching loads to a thermal insulation wall. This has a cylindrical insulating element whose length corresponds at least to the thickness of the thermal insulation to be bridged and which is glued to a wall-side end with a threaded element. This threaded member alternatively consists of a bonded to the insulating threaded rod with external thread, a fixed to an inner side of the insulating threaded bushing with internal thread or fixed to an outer side of the insulating threaded sleeve. In any case, the threaded element is fixed during assembly of the fastener by means of a curable material in a recess of the wall.

DE 1 400 932 A1 beschreibt eine Vorrichtung zur schnell aufeinander folgenden Befestigung von mehreren Gewindehülsen an Schalungswänden. Diese Gewindehülsen werden beim Verfüllen der Schalung mit einbetoniert, um ein nachträgliches Bohren von Dübellöchern zu vermeiden. DE 1 400 932 A1 describes a device for fast sequential attachment of several threaded sleeves on formwork walls. These threaded sleeves are embedded in the filling of the formwork in order to avoid subsequent drilling of dowel holes.

FR 1,095,493 A zeigt ein Befestigungselement zur Verwendung mit einer aushärtenden Masse, die zur Erhöhung der Auszugs- und Torsionshaltekräfte schuppenartige Flächen an Ihrem Umfang aufweist. FR 1,095.493 shows a fastener for use with a thermosetting mass, which has scale-like surfaces on its periphery to increase the pull-out and torsional holding forces.

EP 0 167 484 A1 beschreibt ein Befestigungselement mit einem Dübelkörper, der mehrere eingeprägte Bereiche aufweist, die einen vierkantförmigen Querschnitt erzeugen. EP 0 167 484 A1 describes a fastener with a dowel body having a plurality of embossed portions which produce a square shaped cross section.

Darstellung der ErfindungPresentation of the invention

Aufgabe der Erfindung ist es, den gattungsgemäßen Abstandshalter derart weiterzubilden, dass er bei Aufrechterhaltung der Wärmedämmung stabiler sowohl gegenüber Drehkräften als auch gegenüber Zugkräften ist.The object of the invention is to develop the generic spacer such that it is more stable in terms of both the rotational forces and tensile forces while maintaining the thermal insulation.

Erfindungsgemäß wird diese Aufgabe gemäß dem kennzeichnenden Teil des Patentanspruchs 1 gelöst.According to the invention this object is achieved according to the characterizing part of patent claim 1.

Der Grundgedanke der Erfindung ist darin zu sehen, dass durch die Ausbildung von Längskanten und zumindest einer am Umfang verlaufenden Profilierung zumindest bei demjenigen Anker, der im Mauerwerk gehalten ist, die Drehfestigkeit und die Zugfestigkeit verstärkt werden.The basic idea of the invention is to be seen in that the torsional strength and the tensile strength are reinforced by the formation of longitudinal edges and at least one circumferential profiling at least in that anchor which is held in the masonry.

Aus Rationalisierungsgründen bietet sich an, auch denjenigen Anker entsprechend auszubilden, der sich im wesentlichen in der Dämmschicht befindet, auch wenn diese zur Aufnahme von hohen Zug- und Drehbeanspruchungen ungeeignet ist.For reasons of rationalization, it is also advisable to design those anchors which are essentially located in the insulating layer, even if they are unsuitable for absorbing high tensile and torsional stresses.

Durch Ausgestaltung des Dämmelementes als zylindrisches Bauteil mit beidseitig angebrachten Gewindeenden und korrespondierenden Gewindebohrungen in den Stirnenden der Anker lässt sich ein stabiler Verbund dieser Bauteile zu dem erfindungsgemäßen Abstandshalter herstellen, bei dem die beidseitig des Dämmelementes verlaufende Ringschulter als Anschlag für die Anker dienen kann.By designing the insulating element as a cylindrical member with threaded ends on both sides and corresponding threaded holes in the front ends of the armature, a stable composite of these components can be produced to the spacer according to the invention, in which the annular shoulder running on both sides of the insulating element can serve as a stop for the anchor.

Die zumindest eine am Umfang verlaufende Profilierung des in der tragenden Wandung sitzenden Ankers kann dabei auch als Ablängmarkierung dienen, um aus einem lagermäßig vorrätigen Anker bestimmter Baulänge einen Anker der im Hinblick auf das Mauerwerk und auch die Dämmschicht benötigten Baulänge herzustellen, so dass der Abstandshalter auf einfache Weise auch vor Ort an die baulichen Verhältnisse angepasst werden kann.The at least one circumferential profiling of the anchor sitting in the supporting wall can also serve as a Ablängmarkierung to produce from a stock in stock anchor of a certain length an anchor of the required in terms of the masonry and the insulating layer length, so that the spacer on simple way can also be adapted locally to the structural conditions.

Gemäß einer vorteilhaften Ausgestaltung ist vorgesehen, dass das Halteelement, für das der Abstandshalter dienen soll, ein Schraubkloben für einen Klappladen ist, dessen Aufnahmefläche für den Klappladen vertikal justierbar ist, so dass bauseits nicht immer zu vermeidende Toleranzen einander zugeordneten Abstandshalter, z.B. für die Halterung von beidseitig eines Fensters anzuordnenden Klappläden, auf einfache Weise ausgeglichen werden können.According to an advantageous embodiment, it is provided that the holding element for which the spacer is to serve, is a Schraubkloben for a folding shutter, the receiving surface for the folding shutter is vertically adjustable, so that on-site not always avoidable tolerances of associated spacers, e.g. for the holder of both sides of a window to be arranged shutters, can be compensated in a simple manner.

Weitere vorteilhafte Ausgestaltungen sind weiteren Unteransprüchen zu entnehmen.Further advantageous embodiments can be found in further subclaims.

Kurze Beschreibung der ZeichnungenBrief description of the drawings

Ein bevorzugtes Ausführungsbeispiel des erfindungsgemäßen Abstandshalters wird nun anhand von Zeichnungen näher erläutert, es zeigen:

Figur 1:
Eine Schnittdarstellung des Abstandshalters mit einem Schraubkloben als Halteelement,
Figur 2:
einen Längsschnitt durch das Dämmelement und Querschnitte durch den Anker,
Figur 3:
eine Schnittdarstellung des Abstandshalters mit Schraubkloben im Einbauzustand, und
Figur 4:
eine Schnittdarstellung des Schraubklobens für einen Klappladen.
A preferred embodiment of the spacer according to the invention will now be explained in more detail with reference to drawings, in which:
FIG. 1:
A sectional view of the spacer with a Schraubkloben as a holding element,
FIG. 2:
a longitudinal section through the insulating element and cross sections through the anchor,
FIG. 3:
a sectional view of the spacer with Schraubkloben in the installed state, and
FIG. 4:
a sectional view of the Schraubklobens for a folding shutter.

Beschreibung des AusführungsbeispielsDescription of the embodiment

Der Abstandshalter besteht aus drei Bauteilen, nämlich einem in der tragenden Wand bzw. Mauerwerk W4 gehaltenen Anker 20, der als Sechskantanker ausgebildet ist und mehrere am Umfang verlaufende Profilierungen P aufweist. Die Querschnittsgestaltung des Sechskantankers erhöht wesentlich die Drehfestigkeit des Ankers im Mauerwerk bzw. in dem zum Kontakt mit dem Mauerwerk vorgesehenen Mörtel oder Klebstoff. Die Profilierungen P sind beim Ausführungsbeispiel als umlaufende Rillen ausgebildet, in die der Klebstoff bzw. Mörtel eindringen kann, was erheblich die Zugfestigkeit des Ankers in Richtung seiner Längsachse aus dem Mauerwerk heraus erhöht.The spacer consists of three components, namely a held in the load-bearing wall or masonry W4 anchor 20, which is designed as a hexagonal anchor and a plurality of circumferentially extending profiles P has. The cross-sectional configuration of the hexagonal anchor substantially increases the rotational strength of the anchor in the masonry or in the intended for contact with the masonry mortar or adhesive. The profiles P are formed in the embodiment as circumferential grooves into which the adhesive or mortar can penetrate, which significantly increases the tensile strength of the armature in the direction of its longitudinal axis out of the masonry out.

Zur Verbindung mit einem Dämmelement 30 weist der Anker 20 an seiner nach außen zeigenden Stirnseite eine Gewindebohrung 20A auf.For connection to an insulating element 30, the armature 20 has on its outwardly facing end face a threaded bore 20A.

Der zur Außenseite, zum Halteelement zeigende Abschnitt besteht ebenfalls aus einem Sechskantanker 10, dessen nach innen zeigende Stirnseite eine entsprechende Gewindebohrung 10A aufweist, und der an seinem nach außen zeigenden Ende eine weitere Gewindebohrung 10B aufweist, in die ein passendes Gewinde eines als Schraubkloben 40 ausgebildeten Halteelementes einschraubbar ist.The pointing to the outside, the holding member section also consists of a hexagonal anchor 10, the inwardly facing end side has a corresponding threaded bore 10A, and at its outwardly facing end has a further threaded bore 10B, into which a matching thread of a screw 40 formed as Retaining element is screwed.

Zur Verbindung der beiden Anker 10 und 20 dient das Dämmelement 30, das aus einem einstückig hergestellten Bauteil aus faserverstärktem Verbundwerkstoff besteht, mit einem Mittelabschnitt 30A und daran stirnseitig anschließenden Gewindeenden 30B,30C, die in die Gewindebohrungen 10A,20A der beiden Anker 10 und 20 passen. Das Mittelteil 30A hat einen größeren Durchmesser als die Gewindeenden 30B,30C, so dass am Übergang zwischen diesen Abschnitten umlaufende Randschultern R1,R2 gebildet werden, die als Anschlag für die beiden Anker 10,20 beim Aufschrauben auf das Dämmelement 30 dienen und den Abstandshalter zuverlässig gegen Verbiegungen stabilisieren.To connect the two anchors 10 and 20, the insulating element 30, which consists of an integrally made component made of fiber reinforced composite material, with a central portion 30A and front end subsequent threaded ends 30B, 30C, in the threaded holes 10A, 20A of the two anchors 10 and 20th fit. The central part 30A has a larger diameter than the threaded ends 30B, 30C, so that at the transition between these sections circumferential edge shoulders R1, R2 are formed, which serve as a stop for the two Anchor 10,20 serve when screwing on the insulating element 30 and reliably stabilize the spacer against bending.

in diesem montierten Zustand kann der Abstandshalter dann in die Wandung W eingebaut werden, wozu eine in Figur 2 schematisch dargestellte Siebhülse verwendet werden kann, dies ist aber nicht erforderlich, wie in Figur 3 dargestellt.in this assembled state, the spacer can then be installed in the wall W, including an in FIG. 2 shown sieve sleeve can be used, but this is not required, as in FIG. 3 shown.

In das nach außen zeigende Gewindeende des Ankers 10 ist ein Schraubkloben 40 als Halteelement einschraubbar, der einen Klappladen K schwenkbar aufnimmt.In the outwardly facing threaded end of the armature 10 is a Schraubkloben 40 can be screwed as a holding element which receives a folding shutter K pivotally.

Gemäß einer besonderen Ausgestaltung der Erfindung ist der Schraubkloben 40 so ausgebildet, dass seine Auflagefläche für den Klappladen K höhenverstellbar ist, so dass beispielsweise Toleranzen, die auf beiden Seiten eines Fensters beim Einbau der beiden Abstandshalter entstehen können, ausgeglichen werden können und ein passgenaues Schließen der beiden Klappladenhälften erreicht werden kann.According to a particular embodiment of the invention, the Schraubkloben 40 is formed so that its support surface for the folding shutter K is height adjustable, so that, for example, tolerances that can arise on both sides of a window during installation of the two spacers, can be compensated and a perfect fit of the two folding shutter halves can be achieved.

In bekannter Weise ist der Schraubkloben 40 zunächst aus einem hülsenförmigen Aufnahmeelement 41 aufgebaut. In dessen Innenraum ist ein Stellelement 42 vertikal verschiebbar, das sich nach oben einstückig in einen koaxial verlaufenden Haltezapfen 43 mit geringerem Durchmesser fortsetzt, so dass eine umlaufende Schulter S entsteht, auf die die Haltehülse des Klappladens aufsetzbar ist.In a known manner, the Schraubkloben 40 is first constructed of a sleeve-shaped receiving element 41. In the interior of an actuator 42 is vertically displaceable, which continues upward in one piece in a coaxially extending retaining pin 43 with a smaller diameter, so that a circumferential shoulder S is formed, to which the retaining sleeve of the folding shutter can be placed.

Beim dargestellten Ausführungsbeispiel weist das Aufnahmeelement 41 einen Aussenurchmesser von 19 mm und einen Innendurchmesser von 15 mm auf, der Haltezapfen 43 einen Durchmesser von 9 mm.In the illustrated embodiment, the receiving element 41 has an outer diameter of 19 mm and an inner diameter of 15 mm, the retaining pin 43 has a diameter of 9 mm.

Zur Einstellung der Höhe der Schulter S dient ein Stellstift 44, der durch den Boden 41 A des Aufnahmeelementes 41 verschiebbar geführt und mit dem Aufnahmeelement 41 fest verbunden ist. Durch Betätigung des Stellstiftes 44 lässt sich das Stellelement mit dem Haltezapfen 43 vertikal verschieben und dadurch die Vertikalposition des Klappladens K justieren.To adjust the height of the shoulder S is an adjusting pin 44 which is slidably guided by the bottom 41 A of the receiving element 41 and fixedly connected to the receiving element 41. By actuating the adjusting pin 44, the adjusting element can be moved vertically with the holding pin 43 and thereby adjust the vertical position of the folding shutter K.

Es ist auch möglich, den Haltezapfen 43 exzentrisch zum Stellelement 42 anzuordnen, wie dies in Figur 4 gestrichelt und schraffiert dargestellt ist. Bei dieser Variante besteht die Möglichkeit , durch Verdrehung des Stellelements 42 eine Horizontalverschiebung des Haltezapfens 43 zu erzielen, wodurch auch die Horizontalposition des Klappladens K relativ zur Wandung W justierbar wird.It is also possible to dispose the retaining pin 43 eccentrically to the adjusting element 42, as in FIG. 4 dashed and hatched is shown. In this variant, it is possible by rotation of the adjusting element 42 to achieve a horizontal displacement of the holding pin 43, whereby the horizontal position of the folding K is relative to the wall W adjustable.

Bezugszeichenreference numeral

10,2010.20
MehrkantankerPolygonal anchor
10A10A
Gewindebohrungthreaded hole
20A20A
Gewindebohrungthreaded hole
3030
Dämmelementinsulating element
30A30A
Mittelabschnittmidsection
30B,30C30B, 30C
Gewindeendenthreaded ends
4040
SchraubklobenSchraubkloben
4141
Aufnahmeelementreceiving element
41A41A
Bodenground
41B41B
Gewindeendethreaded end
41C41C
Lascheflap
4242
Stellelementactuator
4343
Haltezapfenretaining pins
4444
Stellstiftsetting rod
SS
Schultershoulder
R1,R2R1, R2
Ringschulterannular shoulder
WW
Wandungwall
W1W1
Außenputzexterior plaster
W2W2
Dämmschichtdamp course
W3W3
Klebschichtadhesive layer
W4W4
Mauerwerkmasonry
KK
KlappladenKlappladen

Claims (9)

  1. Spacer for fixing a supporting element to a wall (W) with an external insulating layer (W2), with a first section which carries the retaining element, a second section to be held in the wall (W) and an insulating element (30) with low heat conduction between the first and second section,
    wherein the spacer can be installed in the wall (W) in assembled state in that the sections can be screwed onto the insulating element and the two sections are dimensioned such that the insulating element (30) comes to lie in the insulating layer (W2) of the wall (W),
    characterised in that the two sections are formed of anchors (10, 20) with threaded holes (10A, 20A) made in their front sides and into which can be screwed the threaded ends (30B, 30C) of the insulating element (30), wherein two peripheral ring shoulders (R1, R2) serve as stops for the two anchors (10, 20) and that at least the anchor (20) provided for arrangement in the brickwork (W4) of the wall (W) is formed as a multi-sided anchor that exhibits at least one profiling (P) running on the periphery into which adhesive or mortar can penetrate.
  2. Spacer according to claim 1, characterised in that the insulating element (30) is made of a fibre-reinforced composite material.
  3. Spacer according to claim 2, characterised in that the insulating element (30) is made of one piece with a centre section (30A) which separates the threaded ends (30B, 30C) and on both sides forms one of the ring shoulders (R1, R2) as a stop for the anchors (10, 20).
  4. Spacer according to claim 1, characterised in that the supporting element is a screw clamp (40) for a folding shutter (K) which can be screwed by means of a threaded end (41 B) into the outer face of the anchor (10).
  5. Spacer according to claim 4, characterised in that the screw clamp (40) comprises a retaining element (41) for a vertically and/or horizontally adjustable adjustment element (42) for the folding shutter (K).
  6. Spacer according to claim 5, characterised in that the adjustment element (42) can be displaced into the retaining element (41) by means of an adjustment pin (44) guided through the base (41A) and comprises a support peg (43) with reduced diameter so as to form a peripheral shoulder (S) for precisely positioned support of the folding shutter (K).
  7. Spacer according to claim 6, characterised in that the support peg (43) is arranged coaxial to the adjustment element (42).
  8. Spacer according to claim 6, characterised in that the support peg (43) is arranged eccentric to the adjustment element (42).
  9. Spacer according to claim 6, characterised in that the support peg (43) and the adjustment element (42) are made of one piece.
EP08005784A 2007-04-04 2008-03-27 Spacer for fixing a supporting element to a wall Active EP1978177B1 (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102007016236A DE102007016236B3 (en) 2007-04-04 2007-04-04 Spacer for fixing a retaining element in a wall

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1978177A1 EP1978177A1 (en) 2008-10-08
EP1978177B1 true EP1978177B1 (en) 2012-02-29

Family

ID=39596392

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP08005784A Active EP1978177B1 (en) 2007-04-04 2008-03-27 Spacer for fixing a supporting element to a wall

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EP (1) EP1978177B1 (en)
AT (1) ATE547578T1 (en)
DE (1) DE102007016236B3 (en)

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DE102008032533A1 (en) * 2008-07-10 2010-01-14 Fischerwerke Gmbh & Co. Kg fastener
FR2946064B1 (en) * 2009-05-28 2015-04-03 Saint Gobain Isover SYSTEM OF INSULATION OF BUILDINGS FROM OUTSIDE.
DE102010017020A1 (en) * 2010-05-19 2011-11-24 Fischerwerke Gmbh & Co. Kg Spacer for fixing an object
DE202010007731U1 (en) 2010-06-08 2010-08-19 Hermes, Michael Anchor insulation element arrangement
DE102011012643A1 (en) 2010-06-28 2012-01-05 Peter Hupfauf Fixing anchor for holding element
DE202010009614U1 (en) 2010-06-28 2010-12-09 Hupfauf, Peter Fixing anchor for holding element
DE102010061344A1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-06-21 Fischerwerke Gmbh & Co. Kg Anchor and mounting arrangement for thermally insulated walls
DE102011054323A1 (en) * 2011-10-10 2013-04-11 Fischerwerke Gmbh & Co. Kg Spacer for securing an object to a wall at a distance from the wall
DE102012005202A1 (en) 2012-03-16 2013-09-19 Peter Hupfauf Thermo-wall anchor
EP2708760B1 (en) 2012-09-14 2015-05-27 Michael Hermes Insulating element of a wall anchor assembly
DE102012019253A1 (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-03 TOX-Dübel-Technik GmbH Spacer for attaching an object to a wall provided with insulation
DE102013106975A1 (en) * 2013-07-03 2015-01-08 Axel Lettmann spacer
US20150121792A1 (en) 2013-11-06 2015-05-07 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Composite thermal isolating masonry tie fastener
US10202774B2 (en) 2015-04-17 2019-02-12 B R Testing Limited Fitting external insulation systems to buildings

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EP0167484A1 (en) * 1984-07-06 1986-01-08 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Fastening element anchorable by hardening materials

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FR1095493A (en) 1953-12-07 1955-06-03 Advanced sealing tab
DE1400932A1 (en) 1962-08-24 1969-03-27 Welz Dipl Ing Hans Joachim Device for inserting dowel anchors
FR2538839B1 (en) * 1982-12-30 1989-04-28 Fima ADJUSTABLE HINGE, ESPECIALLY FOR SHUTTERS, DOORS OR WINDOWS
SE454786B (en) * 1984-02-10 1988-05-30 Leif Ekstrom DEVICE FOR ANCHORING TWO ELEMENTS WITH SPACES ON EACH OTHER
FR2679590B1 (en) * 1991-07-26 1995-10-06 Tordo Belgrano Sa ADJUSTABLE SEALING HINGE.
DE19947913C2 (en) * 1999-10-06 2002-08-29 Karl-Heinz Fingerling Fastening element for attaching loads to a building wall with thermal insulation
DE10145122A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2003-04-03 Fischer Artur Werke Gmbh Spacer for the attachment of an object to a wall having an insulating layer
GB2393480B (en) * 2002-09-28 2005-10-26 Window Fab & Fixing Supplies Adjustable pin hinge
DE102005022449A1 (en) * 2005-05-14 2006-11-30 Fischerwerke Artur Fischer Gmbh & Co. Kg Spacer for the attachment of an object to a substrate having an insulating layer

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EP0167484A1 (en) * 1984-07-06 1986-01-08 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Fastening element anchorable by hardening materials

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ATE547578T1 (en) 2012-03-15
EP1978177A1 (en) 2008-10-08
DE102007016236B3 (en) 2008-10-30

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