EP1496240B1 - Separation system - Google Patents

Separation system Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1496240B1
EP1496240B1 EP04102597.4A EP04102597A EP1496240B1 EP 1496240 B1 EP1496240 B1 EP 1496240B1 EP 04102597 A EP04102597 A EP 04102597A EP 1496240 B1 EP1496240 B1 EP 1496240B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
outlet
raw air
conduit
liquid
separation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Not-in-force
Application number
EP04102597.4A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1496240A3 (en
EP1496240A2 (en
Inventor
Stefan Maier
Marcus Weber
Andreas Weber
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mann and Hummel GmbH
Original Assignee
Mann and Hummel GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE2003129739 priority Critical patent/DE10329739A1/en
Priority to DE10329739 priority
Application filed by Mann and Hummel GmbH filed Critical Mann and Hummel GmbH
Publication of EP1496240A2 publication Critical patent/EP1496240A2/en
Publication of EP1496240A3 publication Critical patent/EP1496240A3/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1496240B1 publication Critical patent/EP1496240B1/en
Not-in-force legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/022Air cleaners acting by gravity, by centrifugal, or by other inertial forces, e.g. with moistened walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D45/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces
    • B01D45/04Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces by utilising inertia
    • B01D45/06Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces by utilising inertia by reversal of direction of flow

Description

Stand der TechnikState of the art

Die Erfindung betrifft eine Rohluftleitung nach dem Oberbegriff des unabhängigen Anspruchs 1.The invention relates to a raw air duct according to the preamble of the independent claim 1.

Die US 2003/106292 A1 zeigt einen Zentrifugalabscheider mit einer konischen Abscheidekammer in Form eines Zyklons und einer Rückflusssperrwand zur Trennung von Öl aus Luft.The US 2003/106292 A1 shows a centrifugal separator with a conical separating chamber in the form of a cyclone and a non-return wall for the separation of oil from air.

Aus der EP 0 518 221 A1 ist ein Tropfenabscheider mit Lamellen bekannt, welcher Fangtaschen für abzuscheidende Tropfen aus einer Gasströmung aufweist.From the EP 0 518 221 A1 is a drop separator with lamellae known, which has catch pockets for drops to be deposited from a gas flow.

Der GB1 278 674 A ist eine Vorrichtung zur Abscheidung von Flüssigkeitspartikeln aus einem Hochgeschwindigkeitsgasstrom mit einer Vielzahl von Wandabschnitten zu entnehmen, an denen die Flüssigkeitspartikel abgeschieden werden.Of the GB1 278 674 A a device for the separation of liquid particles from a high-velocity gas stream is to be taken with a plurality of wall sections at which the liquid particles are deposited.

Aus der US 3 590 791 A ist eine Brennkraftmaschine mit einem Gebläse zur Luftzuführung und Luftreinigung bekannt, bei der die Verbrennungsluft mit Hilfe eines Lüfterrades in einen Zentrifugalabscheider geleitet wird, der schwere Partikel der Außenwand entlang unter eine Trennplatte führt.From the US Pat. No. 3,590,791 For example, an internal combustion engine with a blower for air supply and air purification is known, in which the combustion air is conducted with the aid of a fan wheel in a centrifugal separator, the heavy particles of the outer wall leads along under a partition plate.

Der DE 297 23 843 U1 und der zugehörigen DE 197 38 912 A1 ist eine Vorrichtung zum Abscheiden von Feststoffen aus einem insbesondere gasförmigen Trägerstrom zu entnehmen.Of the DE 297 23 843 U1 and the associated DE 197 38 912 A1 is to remove a device for separating solids from a particular gaseous carrier stream.

Aus der DE 100 29 498 ist ein Abscheidesystem für die Ansaugleitung einer Brennkraftmaschine bekannt. Das Abscheidesystem dient zum Abscheiden von Wassergischt aus Luft. Das Ansaugsystem selbst weist einen Rohlufteinlass, eine mit dem Rohlufteinlass verbundene Rohluftleitung und einen sich an die Rohluftleitung anschließenden Wasserabscheider auf. In der Rohluftleitung wird ein Drall erzeugt, wodurch die angesaugte Luft in der Rohluftleitung rotiert. Die Rohluftleitung ist korrespondierend mit der Brennkraftmaschine verbunden. Der Wasserabscheider weist ein Innenrohr und ein Außenrohr auf, welche koaxial zueinander angeordnet sind. Durch den koaxialen Aufbau des Wasserabscheiders strömt die Ansaugluft ohne Umlenkung in die nachfolgenden Bauteile, wodurch keine nennenswerten Druckverluste verursacht werden.From the DE 100 29 498 is a separation system for the intake manifold of an internal combustion engine known. The separation system is used to separate water spray from air. The intake system itself has an unfiltered air intake, a raw air line connected to the unfiltered air intake and a water separator adjoining the untreated air line. In the raw air line, a swirl is generated, whereby the sucked air in the raw air line rotates. The raw air line is connected corresponding to the internal combustion engine. The water separator has an inner tube and an outer tube, which are arranged coaxially with each other. Due to the coaxial design of the water separator, the intake air flows without deflection into the following components, whereby no significant pressure losses are caused.

Das im Stand der Technik beschriebene Ansaugsystem arbeitet in einem bestimmten Durchflussbereich.The intake system described in the prior art operates in a certain flow range.

Aufgabe der ErfindungObject of the invention

Der Erfindung liegt die Aufgabe zugrunde, eine Rohluftleitung mit einem Abscheidesystem zum Abscheiden von Flüssigkeit aus einem Luftstrom eines Ansaugsystems für eine Brennkraftmaschine eines Kraftfahrzeuges zu schaffen, welches einfach aufgebaut ist und eine hohe Abscheideleistung sicherstellt.The invention has for its object to provide a raw air line with a separation system for the separation of liquid from an air flow of an intake system for an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle, which is simple and ensures a high separation efficiency.

Lösungsolution

Diese Aufgabe wird durch die Merkmale des unabhängigen Anspruchs 1 gelöst.This object is solved by the features of independent claim 1.

Der wesentliche Vorteil des Abscheidesystems liegt darin, dass lediglich ein Auslass nach einer Krümmung einer Einlassleitung vorgesehen sein muss, welcher den Querschnitt der Leitung nicht oder nur unwesentlich verringert. Dieser Auslass ist derart zu gestalten, dass die abzuscheidende Flüssigkeit nicht von dem Luftstrom mitgerissen werden kann. Der Auslass kann als Vertiefung gestaltet sein, er ist dort anzuordnen, wo sich aufgrund der Krümmung und der Luftumkehr die Flüssigkeit aus dem Luftstrom aufgrund der Fliehkraftwirkung niederschlägt und entfernt werden kann. Gemäß einer Ausgestaltung der Erfindung besteht der Auslass aus einer Querschnittsvergrößerung der Leitung. In diese Leitung ragt ein Schälkragen hinein, welcher gemeinsam mit der Querschnittsvergrößerung eine Auslassrinne bildet. Der Schälkragen ist beispielsweise als Flügel ausgestaltet, welcher den Luftstrom ungehindert passieren lässt, allerdings dafür sorgt, dass abgeschiedene Flüssigkeit nicht mehr von dem Luftstrom mitgenommen werden kann.The essential advantage of the separation system is that only one outlet must be provided after a curvature of an inlet line, which does not or only slightly reduces the cross section of the line. This outlet is to be designed such that the liquid to be separated can not be entrained by the air flow. The outlet can be designed as a depression, it is to be arranged where, due to the curvature and the air reversal, the liquid from the air flow due to the centrifugal effect is reflected and can be removed. According to one embodiment of the invention, the outlet consists of a cross-sectional enlargement of the line. In this line, a peeling collar protrudes, which forms an outlet channel together with the cross-sectional enlargement. The peeling collar is configured, for example, as a wing, which allows the air flow to pass unhindered, but ensures that separated liquid can no longer be taken along by the air flow.

Zweckmäßigerweise ist der Schälkragen mit einer Umkehrfläche versehen. Der Auslass hat gemäß einer weiteren Ausgestaltung eine Flüssigkeitsauffangzone, die ebenfalls dafür sorgt, dass die Flüssigkeit nicht mehr in den Luftstrom umgelenkt werden kann. Die Flüssigkeitsauffangzone ist mit einem Wasserablauf versehen.Conveniently, the peeling collar is provided with a reverse surface. The outlet has according to another embodiment, a liquid collecting zone, which also ensures that the liquid can not be deflected into the air flow. The liquid collecting zone is provided with a water drain.

Weiterbildungsgemäß ist der Flüssigkeitsauslass mit einem Auslassventil verschlossen. Dieses Ventil öffnet beispielsweise bei einem bestimmten geostatischen Druck.According to training, the liquid outlet is closed with an outlet valve. This valve opens, for example, at a certain geostatic pressure.

Das Abscheidesystem wird bei einem Ansaugsystem für eine Brennkraftmaschine eines Kraftfahrzeuges verwendet. Dort ist es in der Rohluftleitung angeordnet, und zwar unmittelbar nach dem Einlass für die Rohluft. Dieser Einlass ist als abgewinkelte Ansaugtulpe gestaltet.The separation system is used in an intake system for an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle. There it is located in the raw air line, and directly after the inlet for the raw air. This inlet is designed as an angled intake bell.

Diese und weitere Merkmale von bevorzugten Weiterbildungen der Erfindung gehen außer aus den Ansprüchen auch aus der Beschreibung und der Zeichnung hervor, wobei die einzelnen Merkmale jeweils für sich allein oder zu mehreren in Form von Unterkombinationen bei der Ausführungsform der Erfindung und auf anderen Gebieten verwirklicht sein und vorteilhafte sowie für sich schutzfähige Ausführungen darstellen können, für die hier Schutz beansprucht wird.These and other features of preferred embodiments of the invention will become apparent from the claims and from the description and the drawings, wherein the individual features are realized individually or in each case in the form of sub-combinations in the embodiment of the invention and in other fields and can represent advantageous and protectable versions for which protection is claimed here.

Zeichnungdrawing

Weitere Einzelheiten der Erfindung werden in der Zeichnung anhand von schematischen Ausführungsbeispielen beschrieben. Hierbei zeigen

Figur 1
die Draufsicht auf ein schematisch dargestelltes Abscheidesystem und
Figur 2
die Seitenansicht auf ein offen dargestelltes Abscheidesystem im Rohlufteinlass einer Brennkraftmaschine eines Fahrzeugs.
Further details of the invention are described in the drawing with reference to schematic embodiments. Show here
FIG. 1
the top view of a schematically illustrated separation system and
FIG. 2
the side view of an open-represented separation system in the unfiltered air intake of an internal combustion engine of a vehicle.

Beschreibung der AusführungsbeispieleDescription of the embodiments

Figur 1 zeigt ein Abscheidesystem 10 in der Rohluftleitung 11 einer Brennkraftmaschine. Die der Brennkraftmaschine zuzuführende Luft strömt über eine Einlasstulpe 12 des Abscheidesystems 10 und die Rohluftleitung 11 zu einem hier nicht dargestellten Partikelfilter und von dort zu der ebenfalls nicht dargestellten Brennkraftmaschine. Die Einlasstulpe 12 ist, wie dargestellt, mit einer Krümmung versehen. Diese Krümmung beträgt näherungsweise 90 Grad. Die gemäß dem Pfeil 13 einströmende Luft erfährt durch diese Krümmung eine Richtungsumkehr, wobei in der Luft enthaltene Flüssigkeit gemäß den Pfeilen 14 a - e aufgrund der Fliehkräfte an die Wandung 15 geleitet wird. Dort wird sich die Flüssigkeit aufgrund des Mitnahmeeffektes durch die einströmende Luft in Richtung Abscheidesystem bewegen und im Abscheidesystem an der Wand 16 entlangströmen. Die Einlasstulpe 12 hat einen näherungsweise kreisförmigen Querschnitt, sie kann auch rechteckförmig gestaltet sein. Der Querschnitt der Einlasstulpe setzt sich im Querschnitt des Abscheidesystems 10 und der Rohluftleitung 11 fort. Das Abscheidesystem 10 besteht aus einem Gehäuse 17, welches einen Wasserablauf 18 aufweist. FIG. 1 shows a separation system 10 in the raw air duct 11 of an internal combustion engine. The internal combustion engine to be supplied air flows through an inlet tulip 12 of the separation system 10 and the raw air duct 11 to a particulate filter, not shown here and from there to the internal combustion engine, also not shown. The inlet tulip 12 is provided with a curvature, as shown. This curvature is approximately 90 degrees. The inflowing according to the arrow 13 air undergoes a reversal of direction by this curvature, wherein liquid contained in the air according to the arrows 14 a - e is passed to the wall 15 due to the centrifugal forces. There, the liquid will move due to the entrainment effect by the incoming air in the direction of the separation system and flow along the wall 16 in the separation system. The inlet tulip 12 has an approximately circular cross-section, it may also be designed rectangular. The cross section of the inlet tulip is in cross section the separation system 10 and the raw air duct 11 continues. The separation system 10 consists of a housing 17, which has a water outlet 18.

Innerhalb des Gehäuses befindet sich ein Schälkragen 19. Dieser Schälkragen 19 verringert den Durchtrittsquerschnitt für die durchströmende Luft nur geringfügig und läßt zwischen Wand 16 und der Vorderkante 20 einen Durchtrittsquerschnitt 21 offen. Dieser Querschnitt ist so hoch bemessen, dass selbst bei einem erhöhten Flüssigkeitsanfall diese Flüssigkeit aufgenommen werden kann. Nach diesem Durchtrittsquerschnitt ist eine Flüssigkeitsauffangzone 22 vorgesehen, diese Zone dient gleichzeitig zum Sammeln der Flüssigkeit und zum Zuführen derselben zu dem Wasserablauf 18. Der Schälkragen 19 weist eine Umschlagkante 23 auf, welche an ihrem Ende scharfwinklig zu der Schälkragenwand abgewinkelt ist. Durch diesen Aufbau wird ein Zurückfließen der abgetrennten Flüssigkeit in den Luftstrom verhindert. Die von der Flüssigkeit abgetrennte Rohluft verlässt das Abscheidesystem 10 gemäß dem Pfeil 24 und gelangt als nächstes zu einem Luftfilter.Within the housing is a peeling collar 19. This peeling collar 19 reduces the passage cross section for the air flowing through only slightly and leaves between wall 16 and the front edge 20 a passage cross-section 21 open. This cross-section is so high that even with an increased amount of liquid this liquid can be absorbed. After this passage cross-section, a liquid collecting zone 22 is provided, this zone serves simultaneously for collecting the liquid and for supplying the same to the water outlet 18. The peeling collar 19 has an envelope edge 23, which is angled at its end at right angles to the peeling collar wall. By this construction, a flow back of the separated liquid is prevented in the air flow. The raw air separated from the liquid leaves the separation system 10 according to the arrow 24 and next arrives at an air filter.

Figur 2 zeigt das Abscheidesystem 10, welches einen, im Wesentlichen rechteckförmigen Querschnitt aufweist. Die Rohluft tritt gemäß Pfeil 25 in das System ein. Der Schälkragen 19 trennt einen eventuell entstehenden Flüssigkeitsstom von der Rohluft. Aufgrund der Schwerkraft, strömt das sich hinter dem Schälkragen sammelnde Wasser, bzw. die Flüssigkeit nach unten in einen Wasseraustragsbereich 25. Dieser Wasseraustragsbereich ist mit einem Rohr 26 versehen, in welchem sich die Flüssigkeit ebenfalls sammelt. Ein Ventil 27 verschließt dieses Rohr 26 und öffnet, sofern die Wassersäule in dem Rohr 26 ein bestimmtes Maß übersteigt. Das Ventil kann ein Gummilippenventil sein, welches keinerlei Wartung bedarf. FIG. 2 shows the separation system 10, which has a substantially rectangular cross-section. The raw air enters the system according to arrow 25. The peeling collar 19 separates any liquid stream from the raw air. Due to gravity, the water collecting behind the peeling collar or the liquid flows downwards into a water discharge area 25. This water discharge area is provided with a tube 26 in which the liquid also collects. A valve 27 closes this tube 26 and opens, provided that the water column in the tube 26 exceeds a certain level. The valve may be a rubber lip valve, which requires no maintenance.

Claims (5)

  1. Raw air duct comprising a separation system (10) of an internal combustion engine for separating liquid from an airflow of an intake system for an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle, consisting of an inlet conduit (12), an outlet conduit (11) and a separator disposed between the inlet conduit (12) and the outlet conduit (11), characterized in that the inlet conduit (12) features directly in front of the separator a curvature of > 45° and that an outlet, which does not reduce the cross section of the conduit at all or only insignificantly, is provided downstream of the outer bend (15) of the curvature and that this outlet is designed in such a way that the liquid to be separated cannot be carried away by the air flow, wherein the separation system (10) is disposed in a raw air duct (11) directly after the inlet for the raw air, wherein the inlet is designed as bent suction tulip (12).
  2. Raw air duct according to claim 1, characterized in that the outlet consists of a cross-section enlargement of the conduit and that a peeling collar (19), which forms together with the cross-section enlargement an outlet channel, protrudes into the conduit.
  3. Raw air duct according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the outlet leads into a liquid collecting zone (22), which realizes a flow stabilization and is provided with a water outlet (18).
  4. Raw air duct according to one of the above claims, characterized in that the liquid outlet has an outlet valve.
  5. Intake system for an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle with a raw air intake, a raw air duct (11) connected with the raw air intake according to one of the above claims.
EP04102597.4A 2003-07-02 2004-06-08 Separation system Not-in-force EP1496240B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2003129739 DE10329739A1 (en) 2003-07-02 2003-07-02 Separating
DE10329739 2003-07-02

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1496240A2 EP1496240A2 (en) 2005-01-12
EP1496240A3 EP1496240A3 (en) 2010-09-08
EP1496240B1 true EP1496240B1 (en) 2016-12-21

Family

ID=33441618

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP04102597.4A Not-in-force EP1496240B1 (en) 2003-07-02 2004-06-08 Separation system

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EP (1) EP1496240B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2005042712A (en)
DE (1) DE10329739A1 (en)

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FR2877276B1 (en) * 2004-10-29 2008-06-13 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa ECOPE FOR A COMBUSTION AIR VACUUM CIRCUIT FOR AN ENGINE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE
DE102006027358A1 (en) * 2006-06-13 2007-12-20 Volkswagen Ag Suction pipe for a motor vehicle's internal combustion engine has an intake opening and a filter element allocated to it in the suction pipe's direction of flow
US7594501B2 (en) * 2006-12-22 2009-09-29 Dichtungstechnik G. Bruss Gmbh & Co., Kg Cylinder head cover for an internal combustion engine
DE102007035303A1 (en) 2007-07-27 2009-01-29 Dr. Ing. H.C. F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Channel arrangement for feeding process air to internal combustion engine of vehicle, particularly passenger car, comprises air feed channel, which is connected with air filter housing
DE102008061538A1 (en) 2008-12-03 2010-06-10 Dr. Ing. H.C. F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Channel arrangement for guiding process air to an internal combustion engine
WO2011031192A1 (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-03-17 Volvo Lastvagnar Ab Particle trap and filter device comprising a particle trap
US8813708B2 (en) * 2009-12-10 2014-08-26 Mann+Hummel Gmbh Air pillow flow guidance and acoustic countermeasure system for an air intake tract
DE102011110696B4 (en) * 2011-08-16 2015-12-10 Mtu Friedrichshafen Gmbh Airscoops-cyclone filter assembly
JP5958398B2 (en) * 2013-03-25 2016-08-02 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Exhaust gas recirculation device for internal combustion engine
DE102013012629A1 (en) * 2013-07-29 2015-01-29 GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATION LLC (n. d. Ges. d. Staates Delaware) Liquid separator, fluid guide device and motor vehicle
US10668486B2 (en) * 2017-07-12 2020-06-02 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Water extractor
DE102017221309A1 (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-05-29 Robert Bosch Gmbh A gas-liquid separator for separating at least one liquid component from a gaseous component

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1496240A2 (en) 2005-01-12
DE10329739A1 (en) 2005-01-27
EP1496240A3 (en) 2010-09-08
JP2005042712A (en) 2005-02-17

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