EP1330577B1 - Trenching method and apparatus - Google Patents

Trenching method and apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP1330577B1
EP1330577B1 EP01976486A EP01976486A EP1330577B1 EP 1330577 B1 EP1330577 B1 EP 1330577B1 EP 01976486 A EP01976486 A EP 01976486A EP 01976486 A EP01976486 A EP 01976486A EP 1330577 B1 EP1330577 B1 EP 1330577B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
trench
cutting
boom
cutting device
prime mover
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP01976486A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1330577A1 (en
Inventor
Keith Richard Kelly
Jack Geelhoed
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mastenbroek Ltd
Original Assignee
Mastenbroek Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB0025899 priority Critical
Priority to GB0025899A priority patent/GB2368358B/en
Application filed by Mastenbroek Ltd filed Critical Mastenbroek Ltd
Priority to PCT/GB2001/004664 priority patent/WO2002035016A1/en
Publication of EP1330577A1 publication Critical patent/EP1330577A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1330577B1 publication Critical patent/EP1330577B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/08Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging elements on an endless chain
    • E02F3/082Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging elements on an endless chain including a belt-type conveyor for transporting the excavated material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/06Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging screws
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/08Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging elements on an endless chain
    • E02F3/085Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging elements on an endless chain with auxiliary or additional digging elements other than digging elements on an endless chain
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/08Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging elements on an endless chain
    • E02F3/088Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging elements on an endless chain pivotable relative to the frame
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/08Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging elements on an endless chain
    • E02F3/10Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging elements on an endless chain with tools that only loosen the material, i.e. with cutter-type chains
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/18Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging wheels turning round an axis, e.g. bucket-type wheels
    • E02F3/181Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging wheels turning round an axis, e.g. bucket-type wheels including a conveyor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/18Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging wheels turning round an axis, e.g. bucket-type wheels
    • E02F3/188Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging wheels turning round an axis, e.g. bucket-type wheels with the axis being horizontal and transverse to the direction of travel
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/18Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging wheels turning round an axis, e.g. bucket-type wheels
    • E02F3/20Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging wheels turning round an axis, e.g. bucket-type wheels with tools that only loosen the material, i.e. mill-type wheels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F5/00Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F5/00Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes
    • E02F5/02Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes for digging trenches or ditches
    • E02F5/04Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes for digging trenches or ditches with digging screws
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F5/00Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes
    • E02F5/02Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes for digging trenches or ditches
    • E02F5/06Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes for digging trenches or ditches with digging elements mounted on an endless chain
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F5/00Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes
    • E02F5/02Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes for digging trenches or ditches
    • E02F5/08Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes for digging trenches or ditches with digging wheels turning round an axis

Abstract

Trenching apparatus comprises a cutting device (23), preferably an endless chain cutter, mounted on a prime mover (21) for positioning the cutting device in a trench (18) with the prime mover movable on the ground surface (22) above the level of the trench. Where the cutting device is a chain cutter, the boom projects forwardly and downwardly relative to the direction of cutting the trench, and drive means are arranged to drive the chain in a direction to carry the cutting elements upwardly around the distal end ofthe boom and rearwardly along the upper run (30) of the endless chain cutter (23). In operation the distal end of the chain cutter (23) is positioned against the end face of the trench at the bottom of the trench (18); the prime mover (21) moves the chain cutter forwardly in the trench while operating the chain cutter, so as to produce an undercut (55) in the end face (54) of the trench; and the lifting means (25) lifts the cutting device (23) upwardly from the undercut through the material of the end face so as to cut material from the end face of the trench.

Description

  • The present invention relates to a method of trenching, and to a trenching apparatus, both of which are applicable in particular, but not exclusively, for cutting a trench in rock.
  • There are known many trenching machines for digging trenches in soil by use of a prime mover such as a crawler tractor, or a conventional tractor pulling a trailer, in which a cutting device is positioned in the trench on a boom. The main examples are a cutting rotor rotating about an axis transverse to the trench, known as a ripper cutter, or one or more cutting rotors rotating about an axis aligned along the length of the boom, generally known as a milling cutter, or a cutting device having an elongate endless support means carrying a plurality of cutting elements and trained along upper and lower runs on the boom, known as a chain cutter. Where a cutting rotor is used this is mounted on the distal end of a boom projecting forwardly and downwardly from the prime mover, relative to the direction of digging of the trench. Where a chain cutter is used, this is normally mounted on a boom extending downwardly and rearwardly from the prime mover relative to the direction cutting of the trench. In such an arrangement the elongate support member moves in a direction such that the cutting elements move downwardly around the distal end of the boom and upwardly and forwardly along the lower run of the moving elongate support member. There is normally provided in all these forms of trenching machines, a positioning device for raising and lowering the distal end of the cutting boom to vary the height of the trench. Examples of such trenching machines are found in, for example, CH-A-239498 (Entreprise de Grands Travaux SA), and WO 95/13433 (Mastenbroek & Company Limited).
  • All these forms of trenching machine are generally satisfactory for trench cutting in normal soil conditions, but are not suitable for cutting trenches in rock or other hard ground materials. For cutting trenches in hard rock, labour intensive methods are generally adopted using percussion tools and explosives.
  • In another art unconnected with trenching, tunnelling machines for tunnelling into rock are known in which a cutting rotor known as a ball cutter protrudes forwardly on a boom from a prime mover, and is movable in a vertical plane by pivoting of the boom on the prime mover. In use the cutting rotor is lowered to the floor of the tunnel and the prime mover advances with the cutting, rotor to engage the end face of the tunnel at floor level, to produce an undercut. The cutting boom is then pivoted in an upward direction by hydraulic rams so that the cutting rotor or rotors are lifted upwardly to cut a slice of material from the end face of the tunnel. The cutting boom is raised by application of a force between the cutting boom and the floor of the tunnel. In a variation of such a device, there is provided a form of chain cutter trained along upper and lower runs along the cutting boom and around the distal end of the cutting boom, for use for example in mining coal or soft stone. In such a machine the endless moving support means carrying the cutters is driven in a direction such that the cutters move upwardly around the distal end of the boom and move rearwardly along the upper run of the moving support member. Examples of both forms of tunnelling equipment are found in leaflets published in 1982 by Hawker Sidley Dosco Overseas Engineering Limited and entitled DOSCO 1982 "The Twin Boom TB600" and DOSCO 1982 "Mark II Heavy Duty Dintheader".
  • In addition to this prior art, there is disclosed in EP-A-0080802 (Wallace) a machine for cutting a trench in rock by use of a ripper cutter. EP-A-0080802 also acknowledges as prior art a known trench cutting machine comprises a giant chain saw mounted on a crawler chassis and equipped with tungsten carbide teeth which literally saw away the rock. However, this machine suffers from the disadvantage that considerable bounce is generated along the saw, especially when cutting the harder rocks, and this reduces the cutting efficiency. Primarily the problem arises because of the long unsupported length of the cutting arm. There is also discussion in EP-A-0080802 of ball cutting machines such as have been described above in tunnelling, and it is said that other rock cutting machines are known for face mining operations and these comprise a rotatable cutting head carried at the end of a boom pivotably attached to a crawler chassis. However, it is said that these known machines cannot be used for cutting trenches and furthermore suffer from a similar vibration problem because they too have a long unsupported boom carrying the cutting head.
  • In EP-A-0080802 it is said that these difficulties are overcome by providing a machine for cutting a trench in rock having a pivoted boom with a rotatable cutting head at the distal end and a telescopic control arm extending : between a mobile work platform and the end of the boom adjacent the cutting head, the telescopic control arm being an hydraulically operable ram serving to move the cutting head on an arcuate path about the pivot axis of the boom. The machine operates by the hydraulic ram applying to the cutting head a force having a major vertical component. In operation the machine is positioned to straddle the line of the trench and the boom is lowered into contact with the ground. The cutting head is rotated whilst applying force by way of the hydraulic ram to move the cutting head on an arcuate path downwardly and to remove rock from the forward end of the trench. A conveyor is positioned on the floor of the trench and the spoil is carried away. The boom is then raised and the machine moved forward and the process is repeated.
  • It is said that the problem of vibration and bounce with the relatively long boom is avoided because the position at which the ram is coupled to the boom adjacent to the cutting head adds to the stability of the cutting head so eliminating the vibration and bounce problems which would be expected if the ram were omitted and the cutting force was applied by the long boom. It is said that because the control arm applies the necessary loading of the cutting head, and because of the relatively short distance between the cutting head and the point of support, the problem with cutter head bounce is largely avoided.
  • However a disadvantage arises with this form of machine, as is acknowledged in EP-A-0080802, in that the force applied at the cutting head tends to lift the machine out of contact with the ground. It is suggested that additional ballast may carried, but it is nevertheless inescapable that there is a limit to the amount of force which can be applied to move the cutting head on its arcuate path, without the surface mounted components of the apparatus lifting from the ground surface.
  • In US-A-5074063 a trenching apparatus has an endless cutter chain trained along upper and lower runs on the cutter bar, the bar being mounted to project forwardly and downwardly relative to the intended direction of cutting the trench during normal cutting operation. The cutter chain is driven in a direction such as to carry the cutting elements upwardly around the distal end of the boom and rearwardly along the upper run of the cutter bar. At the start of digging of a trench, the cutter bar is lowered into the ground with the cutter bar extended rearwardly of the prime mover. The cutter bar is then moved over time by pivoting about its proximal end, to the operative position wherein the cutter bar extends downwardly and forwardly relative to the direction of cutting of the trench. The trencher is then advanced with the cutter bar in the downwardly and forwardly extending operative position. Removal of earth takes by place along substantially the full forward facing length of the cutter bar.
  • In US-A-4755001 there is provided a digging machine for planing a road. A prime mover mounted on endless tracks has an elongated digging member having an endless cutter member carrying a plurality of digging teeth and trained along upper and lower runs on the elongated digging member. At the distal end of the elongated digging member are mounted drums extending sideways from the distal end of the elongated digging member and carrying further digging teeth. The operation of the digging machine is that the elongated digging member extends rearwardly from the prime mover in a direction extending downwardly and rearwardly relative to the direction of movement of the prime mover. Drive means are arranged to drive the endless digging member in a direction such as to carry the digging teeth downwardly around the distal end of the elongated digging member and forwardly along the lower run of the endless cutter member in contact with the end face of the trench. The digging machine is advanced along the ground level with the elongated digging member extending downwardly and rearwardly behind the prime mover.
  • In DE-A-4213523, there is disclosed a trenching apparatus comprising a distal milling head arranged on a swinging arm and arranged to cut material by rotation about an axis of rotation transverse to the axis of the arm. The arm is coupled to a prime mover via a boom which is pivotally mounted at the prime mover and at the junction with the arm. Pivotal movement of the boom and the arm are effected by hydraulic cylinders. The operation of the apparatus is that the milling head is positioned at the base of the trench and an undercut is produced by advancing the milling head forwardly relative to the direction of cutting of the trench. The milling head is then raised to the top of the trench by operation of the hydraulic cylinders controlling the pivoting of the arm and the boom. The milling head is then lowered to the bottom of the trench and the procedure is repeated.
  • It is one object of the present invention to provide a trench cutting apparatus in which the problems outlined above are avoided or reduced.
  • In accordance with the present invention there is provided a method of trenching comprising positioning in a trench a cutting device mounted on a prime mover movable on the ground surface above the trench; positioning the cutting device against the end face of the trench below the level of the ground surface, engaging the end face of the trench with the cutting device, and moving the cutting device forward in the trench while operating the cutting device, so as to produce an undercut in the end face of the trench; and operating the cutting device so as to cut material from the end face of the trench; in which the step of cutting the said material from the end face of the trench is carried out by moving a plurality of cutting elements along upper and lower runs of an elongate endless support means of the cutting device trained along a pivoted boom of the cutting device which projects forwardly and downwardly relative to the intended direction of cutting the trench, the cutting elements being driven in such a manner that at the distal end of the cutting boom the elements move in a direction upwardly around the end of the cutting boom and rearwardly along the upper run relative to the direction of cutting the trench, and lifting the boom upwardly in a substantially vertical plane from the undercut up to the top of the trench by exerting a lifting force between the boom and the ground surface above the trench and operating the cutting device during the upward movement so as to cut material from the end face of the trench, characterised in that the cutting device is moved forwardly in the trench by driving the prime mover forwardly.
  • Preferably in the step of producing the undercut the cutting device is positioned to engage the end face substantially at the bottom of the trench.
  • It is to be appreciated that where features of the invention are set out herein with regard to a method according to the invention, such features may also be provided with regard to apparatus according to the invention, and vice versa.
  • In particular there is provided in accordance with the invention trenching apparatus comprising a prime mover; a cutting device; and mounting means for mounting the cutting device on the prime mover and for positioning the cutting device in a trench with the prime mover movable on the ground surface above the level of the trench, the cutting device being arranged to be engaged with an end face of the trench so as to cut material from the end face of the trench, the cutting device comprising a pivoted boom having an elongate endless support means carrying a plurality of cutting elements and trained along upper and lower runs on the boom, the boom being mounted to project forwardly and downwardly relative to the intended direction of cutting the trench; drive means arranged to drive the endless support means in a direction such as to carry the cutting elements upwardly around the distal end of the boom and rearwardly along the upper run of the endless support means; and lifting means for lifting the boom in a substantially vertical plane by exerting an upward force between the boom and the ground surface; characterised in that the cutting device includes further cutting elements to widen the channel cut by the said cutting elements on the endless support means, and the lifting means is arranged to lift the boom from an undercut in the end face at the bottom of the trench upwardly to the top of the trench while operating the cutting device in cutting engagement with the end face of the trench and in which cutting boom is mounted on the prime mover for pivotal movement about a pivotal axis to produce the said upward movement of the cutting device, and the prime mover is adapted to produce the said undercut, at the bottom of the trench by driving the prime mover forwardly over the ground by driving contact with the ground surface at a position behind the boom pivot axis.
  • The method of the invention brings the advantage that during the upward cutting stroke the force exerted between the cutting device and the ground surface is limited only by the force generated and applied, and is not limited by potential raising of components of trenching apparatus from the ground as in the prior art where the cutting is effected on the down stroke of the cutting device. It is not necessary to provide substantial weight in the part of the apparatus on which the lifting means is mounted, as would be the case if the lifting means were pressing downwardly on the cutting device during the cutting stroke.
  • There will now be set out a number of preferred features of the invention. Preferably the direction of the said lifting force is inclined to the vertical in a direction forwardly relative to the direction of cutting of the trench. Conveniently the said lifting step is carried out by moving the cutting device along an arcuate path defined by pivotal movement of the boom. Conveniently the step of lifting the cutting device upwardly is carried out by exerting a force between the cutting device and a region of the ground surface spaced from the axis of pivoting of the boom in a forward direction along the trench.
  • The step of cutting material from the end face of the trench by moving a plurality of cutting elements as set out in accordance with the invention is particularly advantageous because the cutting elements engage the undercut in a direction upwardly and rearwardly at the distal end of the boom so as to cooperate with the lifting force in bringing the cutting teeth into cutting engagement with the ground material. In the case of hard rock this allows an effective cutting action in which the movement of the cutting elements cooperates with the upward movement of the lifting means and the forward movement of the prime mover, during cutting. Also, the upper run of the elongate endless support means can be effective to carry away spoil, so that there is no need to provide a separate endless conveyor, or other means, to remove the spoil from the trench.
  • In preferred forms it may be arranged that the lifting means is constructed to provide a power stroke in the upward direction and a return stroke in the downward direction, and to provide a greater force in the power stroke than in the return stroke.
  • Conveniently it is arranged that the apparatus comprises a mobile base spaced from a prime mover and coupled thereto for movement with the prime mover, a source, of the lifting force being mounted on the base, and a link extending between the cutting device and the source of the lifting force. Preferably the link is mounted so as to be inclined to the vertical in use in a direction forwardly relative to the direction of cutting of the trench. In preferred forms, the cutting device is mounted on a pivoted boom extending forwardly relative to the intended direction of cutting of the trench, and the said lifting means is arranged to move the cutting device along an arcuate path defined by pivotal movement of the boom. Preferably the base is coupled to the prime mover so as to be spaced from the axis of pivoting of the boom in a forward direction relative to the intended movement of the prime mover along the trench. The base may consist of a structure mounted on skids which slide over the ground when propelled forwardly by the prime mover. In other arrangements the base may be mounted upon wheels, or in some cases may be mounted on a second prime mover arranged to cooperate with the first prime mover in moving the cutting device along the trench.
  • Embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:-
    • Figures 1 and 2 show perspective views of a known trench cutting apparatus described in EP-A-0080802, Figure 2 showing details of the cutting device of the apparatus;
    • Figure 3 is a diagrammatic side view of a trench cutting apparatus embodying the present invention and utilising a chain cutter;
    • Figure 3a is a side view of the distal end of a chain cutter suitable for use in the embodiment of Figure 3;
    • Figures 3b and 3c are views of components shown in Figure 3;
    • Figure 4 is a diagrammatic end view of the front of the apparatus shown in Figure 3, taken in the direction A;
    • Figure 5 is a diagrammatic side view of details of the chain cutter shown in Figure 3, and Figure 5a is a partial plan view taken in a direction B in Figure 5 and illustrating the lower end of the chain cutter of Figure 5;
    • Figures 6a and 6b show respectively a block circuit diagram and a flow chart; and
    • Figures 7a to 7g are diagrammatic illustrations showing a series of steps in the operation of an embodiment of the invention shown in Figures 3 to 6.
  • Figures 1 and 2 show a known trench cutting apparatus described in EP-A-0080802 for cutting a trench in rock. Two crawler chassis 3 and 5 are coupled together by tie bars 7, the rear crawler 3 having a cutting boom 2 pivotally mounted at 6. The forward end of the boom 2 has a cutting rotor 7 driven in rotation about an axis transverse to the trench to be cut. The distal end of the boom 2 is coupled to the forward crawler 5 by a telescopic control arm 8 comprising an hydraulic ram and telescopically extending sleeves coupled to the boom 2 by a coupling 9. In operation the machine is positioned to straddle the line of the trench and the boom 2 is lowered into contact with the ground. The cutting head 7 is rotated while applying force by way of the hydraulic ram 8 to move the cutting head 7 on an arcuate path downwardly and to remove rock from the forward end of the trench. An endless chain conveyor 4 is positioned behind the cutting rotor 7 and the spoil is carried away. The boom 2 is then raised and the machine moved forward and the process is repeated.
  • In such a machine, the disadvantage arises that the force applied to the cutting head 7 tends to lift the forward crawler 5 out of contact with the ground. To attempt to counteract this problem, first the hydraulic ram 8 is mounted on a heavy, independent, crawler chassis 5, and secondly additional ballast may be carried by either or both of the forward and rearward crawlers 5 and 3.
  • In Figures 3 to 5a there is shown a trench cutting apparatus embodying the present invention. In general, components of the embodiment of the invention which are known in the art, may be as set out in the previously mentioned specification EP-A-0080802, modified as necessary in the light of the features of the invention embodied in the apparatus shown. Referring firstly to Figure 3, trenching apparatus for cutting a trench in rock or the like has a prime mover 21 consisting of a crawler chassis 39 for movement over the ground surface 22. A cutting device indicated generally at 23 is mounted on the prime mover 21 by mounting means indicated generally at 24. A lifting means indicated generally at 25 is coupled to the cutting device 23 in the region of the distal end thereof. A mobile base indicated generally at 26 is coupled to the prime mover 21 by coupling means 27. The entire operation of the machine is controlled by control means indicated diagrammatically at 34, located in a cab 35 of the prime mover 21.
  • Considering now the detailed construction of the embodiment shown in Figure 3, the cutting device 23 includes an endless chain cutter comprising an elongate endless support means 28 such as a chain, carrying cutting teeth 29, indicated in more detail in Figure 3a. The chain 28 is trained along upper and lower runs 30 and 31 on a boom 32. The cutting teeth 29 pass around the end of the boom 32 around a pulley 33, being driven in a sense such that at the distal end of the boom 32 the cutting elements move upwardly around the distal end of the boom and rearwardly along the upper run 30, relative to the intended direction of forward movement of the prime mover 21, which is indicated by the direction X in Figure 3. Figure 3a shows the distal end of the boom 32 and details of the mounting of the teeth 29 on the endless support means 28. The chain cutter 23 is driven by drive means including an hydraulic drive motor mounted in or on the prime mover 21, and an upper driven pulley 49 indicated in Figure 5, to be described hereinafter. In general the cutting device 23 may be a chain cutter as shown in prior published patent application WO 95/13433, although the chain cutter in that publication is driven in movement in the opposite sense to that shown in the present embodiment, so that the directional alignment of the teeth is reversed in the prior publication mentioned.
  • In the embodiment shown in Figure 3, the mounting means 24 for mounting the boom 32 on the prime mover 21 comprise a pivot shaft 33A mounted between two mounting members mounted on the main frame of the prime mover 21. The lifting means 25 comprises an hydraulic cylinder 40 pivotally mounted at a pivot 41 to a support member 59 as shown particularly in Figures 3b and 4. A drive piston 43 extends downwardly from the ram 40 and is coupled at pivots 44 to the coupling means 27, and to the cutting boom 32, by way of a stirrup shaped coupling member 59A. In Figure 3, the cutting device 23 is shown in a lower position at the base of the trench, and in a raised position in Figure 3b.
  • An assembly 80 of components 80, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87 and 88, extends rearwardly from the cutting device 23 as shown in Figure 3. These components are also shown in Figure 3c.
  • As shown in Figure 4, conveniently the cutting device has in addition to the cutting chain 28, extension drums 46 and 47 extending sideways from the pulley 33 at the distal end of the cutting boom, so as to widen the channel cut by the cutting chain, (particularly as shown in Figure 4). Figure 5a shows a detailed view of the cutting device 23. There is positioned behind the distal end of the boom 32 a deflector plate assembly 48 for collecting debris cut by the cutting chain 28 and the extension drums 46, 47. The deflector plate assembly 48 guides the debris inwardly towards a central area where the debris is carried upwardly and rearwardly by the chain cutter 23. As shown in Figures 5 and 5a, at the top of the cutting boom 32, the chain cutter 28 passes around an upper pulley 49 and deposits the debris onto a side discharge conveyor 50, by way of a boom discharge hopper 51.
  • The operation of the embodiment will now be described particularly with reference to Figures 7a to 7g, but also with reference to Figures 3 to 5b. Figures 7a to 7g show diagrammatic representations of the different stages in the cycles of operation. Figures 7a and 7b show an initial stage of starting the trench. This may be done as shown, or alternatively may be cut by hand, explosives, percussion tools, or any other means. However referring to Figures 7a and 7b, initially the cutting device 23 is lowered to the ground level 22, and the cutting device is operated while being forced downwardly. This may conveniently be done by operating in reverse the lifting device 25 which has been described with reference to Figures 3 to 5a. As shown in Figure 7b, the result is the cutting of the beginning of a trench with an arcuate end face 54. During the step shown in Figures 7a and 7b, the cutting device 23 is operated in the manner set out in the known machine of EP-A-0080802, i.e. cutting on the down stroke.
  • As shown in Figure 7c, the next step is that the cutting device 23 is operated whilst the prime mover 21 is driven forwardly, so as to produce an undercut 55 in the end face 54 of the trench. The next step is that the lifting means 25 as shown for example in Figure 3 is operated to pivot the cutting device 23 upwardly from the undercut 55, while the cutting device 23 is operating, so as to cut material from the end face of the trench 54. This cutting operation is shown in detail in Figure 5, where there is shown the material 56 which is cut from the end face 54 during upward movement of the cutting device 23 by the lifting means 25. This produces the new end face 54 of the trench as shown in Figure 7d. When this is completed the cutting device 23 is lowered to the bottom 19 of the trench 18 as shown in Figure 7e. The process is then repeated by operating the cutting device and moving the prime mover forwardly as shown in Figure 7f to produce a new undercut 55. Finally the cutting device 23 is again raised upwardly from the undercut 55 to cut a new end face 54 as shown in Figure 7g.
  • The main advantage of the embodiment of the invention which has been described is that during the upward cutting stroke of the cutting device 23 the force exerted between the cutting device 23 and the ground surface 22, by way of the mobile base 26, is limited only by the force generated by the lifting means 25 and is not limited by the potential floating of the base 25 up from the ground, as in the device shown in Figures 1 and 2 (where cutting is effected on the down stroke of the cutting device). It is not necessary to provide substantial weight in the part of the apparatus on which the lifting means is mounted, as would be the case if the lifting means were pressing downwardly on the cutting device during the cutting stroke.
  • Additional advantages arise in connection with the cutting of the undercut 55. Because the cutting area at the distal end of the cutting device 23 is relatively limited, and because the prime mover 21 is moving forwardly during the cutting of the undercut, the problem of penetration effort into hard rock is substantially reduced, compared with the difficulty of penetrating from above during a downward cutting stroke.
  • Referring now to Figures 6a and 6b there are shown respectively a block circuit diagram of the control means 34 shown in Figure 3, and a flow chart of operation. In Figure 6a the control means 34 of Figure 3 comprises a component 90 to which are connected a number of further components 91 to 97.

Claims (29)

  1. A method of trenching comprising:
    positioning in a trench a cutting device (23) mounted on a prime mover (21) movable on the ground surface (22) above the trench;
    positioning the cutting device against the end face of the trench below the level of the ground surface, engaging the end face (54) of the trench with the cutting device, and moving the cutting device (23) forward in the trench by driving the prime mover (21) forwardly while operating the cutting device, so as to produce an undercut (55) in the end face of the trench; and
    operating the cutting device so as to cut material from the end face of the trench;
    in which the step of cutting the said material from the end face of the trench is carried out by moving a plurality of cutting elements (29):along upper and lower runs (30, 31) of an elongate endless support means (28) of the cutting device (23) trained along a pivoted boom (32) of the cutting device (23) which projects forwardly and downwardly relative to the intended direction of cutting the trench, the cutting elements (29) being driven in such a manner that at the distal end of the cutting boom (32) the elements move in a direction upwardly around the end of the cutting boom and rearwardly along the upper run (30) relative to the direction (X) of cutting the trench, and
    lifting the boom (32) upwardly in a substantially vertical plane from the undercut up to the top of the trench by exerting a lifting force between the boom (32) and the ground surface above the trench and operating the cutting device during the upward movement so as to cut material from the end face of the trench.
  2. A method according to Claim 1 including cutting the trench wider than the endless support means (28) by further cutting elements of the cutting device (23).
  3. A method according to Claim 2 including:
    cutting the trench wider than the endless support means (28) by operation of a pair of cutting drums (46, 47) extending sideways from the distal end of the cutting boom (32).
  4. A method according to any preceding claim including applying the said lifting force to the cutting boom (32) below ground level.
  5. A method according to any preceding claim including applying the said lifting force at the sides of the cutting boom (32).
  6. A method according to any preceding claim in which the step of producing the said undercut (55) is carried out by driving the prime mover (21) forwardly over the ground surface while operating the cutting device (23).
  7. A method according to Claim 6 in which the said lifting step is carried out by pivoting the cutting boom (32) about a pivot axis (33A) on the prime mover (21), and the said undercut (55) is produced by driving the prime mover (21) forwardly over the ground by driving contact with the ground surface (22) at a position behind the boom pivot axis (33A).
  8. A method according to Claim 7 in which the said undercut is produced by driving contact with the ground surface (22) both at a position behind the boom pivot axis (33A) and at a position in front of the boom pivot axis (33A).
  9. A method according to any preceding claim in which in the step of producing the undercut the cutting device (23) is positioned to engage the end face (54) substantially at the bottom (19) of the trench.
  10. A method according to any preceding claim in which the said lifting step is carried out by moving the cutting device (23) along an arcuate path defined by pivotal movement of the boom (32).
  11. A method according to any preceding claim including exerting a force between the cutting device (23) and a region of the ground surface spaced from the axis of pivoting of the boom (32) in a forward direction (X) along the trench.
  12. A method according any preceding claim including exerting a force between the cutting device (23) and the ground surface (22) in a direction substantially perpendicular to the axis of the boom.
  13. A method according to any preceding claim including exerting a lifting force on the cutting device in the region of the distal end of the boom (32).
  14. A method according to any preceding claim including exerting a lifting force on the cutting device in a direction inclined to the vertical in a direction forwardly relative to the direction (X) of cutting of the trench.
  15. A method according to any preceding claim having a predetermined operating cycle comprising:
    (i) positioning the cutting device (23) against the end face (54) of the trench at the bottom of the trench;
    (ii) moving the cutting device (23) forwardly a predetermined distance in the trench while operating the cutting device (23) so as to produce the undercut in the end face of the trench, by moving the prime mover (21) forwardly over the ground surface (22);
    (iii) lifting the cutting device (23) upwardly from the undercut through the material (56) of the end face while operating the cutting device (23);
    (iv) moving the cutting device (23) rearwardly by a predetermined distance by moving the prime mover (21) rearwardly over the ground surface (22);
    (v) lowering the cutting device (23) to the bottom of the trench; and
    (vi) repeating the previous steps.
  16. Trenching apparatus comprising:
    a prime mover (21);
    a cutting device (23); and
    mounting means (24) for mounting the cutting device (23) on the prime mover (21) and for positioning the cutting device in a trench with the prime mover movable on the ground surface (22) above the level of the trench, the cutting device (23) being arranged to be engaged with an end face (54) of the trench so as to cut material from the end face of the trench, the cutting device (23) comprising a pivoted boom (32) having an elongate endless support means (28) carrying a plurality of cutting elements (29) and trained along upper and lower runs (30, 31) on the boom, the boom (32) being mounted to project forwardly and downwardly relative to the intended direction (X) of cutting the trench;
    drive means (49) arranged to drive the endless support means (28) in a direction such as to carry the cutting elements (29) upwardly around the distal end of the boom (32) and rearwardly along the upper run (30) of the endless support means; and
    lifting means (25) for lifting the boom (32) in a substantially vertical plane by exerting an upward force between the boom (32) and the ground surface (22);
    characterised in that the cutting device (23) includes further cutting elements to widen the channel cut by the said cutting elements on the endless support means (28), and the lifting means (25) is arranged to lift the boom (32) from an undercut (55) in the end face (54) at the bottom of the trench upwardly to the top of the trench while operating the cutting device in cutting engagement with the end face of the trench and in which cutting boom (32) is mounted on the prime mover (21) for pivotal movement about a pivotal axis (33A) to produce the said upward movement of the cutting device (23), and the prime mover (21) is adapted to produce the said undercut (55) at the bottom (19) of the trench by driving the prime mover forwardly over the ground by driving contact with the ground surface (22) at a position behind the boom pivot axis (33A).
  17. Apparatus according to Claim 16 in which the said further cutting elements are mounted on cutting drums (46, 47) extending sideways from the distal end of the cutting boom (32).
  18. Apparatus according to Claim 16 or 17 in which the lifting means (25) is coupled to the boom (32) at a position such as to apply the said lifting force to the cutting boom (32) below ground level during normal operation.
  19. Apparatus according to any of Claims 16 to 18 in which the lifting means (25) is coupled to the boom (32) at the sides of the boom by a coupling member (59A).
  20. Apparatus according to any of Claims 16 to 19 in which the lifting means (25) is mounted so as to exert the lifting force in a direction inclined to the vertical in use in a direction forwardly relative to the direction (X) of cutting of the trench.
  21. Apparatus according to any of Claims 16 to 20 in which the said lifting means (25) is arranged to move the cutting device (23) along an arcuate path defined by pivotal movement of the boom (32).
  22. Apparatus according to any of Claims 16 to 21 in which the lifting means (25) is mounted so as to exert the lifting force between the cutting device (23) and the ground surface (22) in a direction substantially perpendicular to the axis of the boom.
  23. Apparatus according to any of Claims 16 to 22 in which the said lifting means (25) is coupled to the boom (32) in the region of the distal end of the boom.
  24. Apparatus according to any of Claims 16 to 23 in which the prime mover (21) includes a rearward crawler chassis (39) positioned to the rear of the boom pivot axis (33A).
  25. Apparatus according to Claim 24 including a mobile base (26) spaced forwardly from the boom pivot axis (33A) and coupled thereto for movement therewith.
  26. Apparatus according to Claim 25 in which the mobile base (26) is coupled to the rearward crawler chassis (39) by a coupling means (27), and the lifting means (25) includes a support member (59) pivoted to the coupling means (27) and extending forwardly thereof, a coupling member (59A) coupled at one end to a forward end of the support member (59) and at the other end to the beam (32) of the, cutting device (23), and a source (40) of lifting force coupled between the coupling member (59) at a position intermediate the two ends thereof and the coupling means (27) at a position intermediate the two ends thereof.
  27. Apparatus according to Claim 25 or 26 wherein the mobile base (26) comprises a forward crawler chassis (26).
  28. Apparatus according to any of Claims 16 to 27 in which the lifting means (25) includes an hydraulic ram (40).
  29. Apparatus according to any of Claims 16 to 28 including control means (34) arranged to carry out a predetermined operating cycle in which:-
    (i) the mounting means positions the cutting device (23) against the end face (54) of the trench at the bottom of the trench;
    (ii) the prime mover (21) moves the cutting device (23).forwardly a predetermined distance in the trench while operating the cutting device (23) so as to produce an undercut in the end face of the trench, by moving the prime mover (21) forwardly over the ground surface (22);
    (iii) the lifting means (25) lifts the cutting device (23) upwardly from the undercut through the material (56) of the end face (54) while operating the cutting device (23);
    (iv) the prime mover (21) moves the cutting device (23) rearwardly by a predetermined distance, by moving the prime mover rearwardly over the ground surface (22);
    (v) the lifting means (25) lowers the cutting device (23) to the bottom of the trench; and
    (vi) the previous steps are repeated.
EP01976486A 2000-10-23 2001-10-19 Trenching method and apparatus Active EP1330577B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0025899 2000-10-23
GB0025899A GB2368358B (en) 2000-10-23 2000-10-23 Trenching method and apparatus
PCT/GB2001/004664 WO2002035016A1 (en) 2000-10-23 2001-10-19 Trenching method and apparatus

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1330577A1 EP1330577A1 (en) 2003-07-30
EP1330577B1 true EP1330577B1 (en) 2007-01-31

Family

ID=9901790

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP01976486A Active EP1330577B1 (en) 2000-10-23 2001-10-19 Trenching method and apparatus

Country Status (18)

Country Link
US (1) US6658767B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1330577B1 (en)
JP (2) JP4112975B2 (en)
KR (1) KR100822931B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1216214C (en)
AT (1) AT353111T (en)
AU (2) AU9575501A (en)
BR (1) BR0114843B1 (en)
CA (1) CA2426575C (en)
DE (1) DE60126418T2 (en)
DK (1) DK1330577T3 (en)
EA (1) EA004396B1 (en)
ES (1) ES2277946T3 (en)
GB (1) GB2368358B (en)
NO (1) NO20031795L (en)
PT (1) PT1330577E (en)
WO (1) WO2002035016A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200302812B (en)

Families Citing this family (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7152348B2 (en) * 2004-01-22 2006-12-26 Vermeer Manufacturing Company Excavation apparatus
AT348919T (en) * 2001-11-13 2007-01-15 Mastenbroek Ltd Method and device for cutting bits
AU2002952972A0 (en) * 2002-11-28 2002-12-12 Mitchell Australasia Pty Ltd Trench forming and preparing apparatus
US7290360B2 (en) * 2005-09-26 2007-11-06 Vermeer Manufacturing Company Excavation apparatus
US7150115B2 (en) * 2004-09-21 2006-12-19 Parker Darryll F All earth foundation trencher
US20060171782A1 (en) * 2005-01-20 2006-08-03 Neiwert Nathan R Pipe bedding system
ITUD20060104A1 (en) * 2006-04-21 2007-10-22 Casagrande Spa excavation device
US7553258B2 (en) * 2006-10-17 2009-06-30 Tesmec Usa, Inc. Excavation machine with constant power output control for torque-converter driven working element
US7726048B2 (en) * 2006-11-30 2010-06-01 Caterpillar Inc. Automated machine repositioning in an excavating operation
US7634863B2 (en) * 2006-11-30 2009-12-22 Caterpillar Inc. Repositioning assist for an excavating operation
US7753132B2 (en) * 2006-11-30 2010-07-13 Caterpillar Inc Preparation for machine repositioning in an excavating operation
US7694442B2 (en) * 2006-11-30 2010-04-13 Caterpillar Inc. Recommending a machine repositioning distance in an excavating operation
WO2011041787A2 (en) 2009-10-02 2011-04-07 Vermeer Manufacturing Company Excavation machine with auto reverse
US8176662B2 (en) * 2010-06-17 2012-05-15 Larry William Peterson Digging system and method
DE102010025681B3 (en) * 2010-06-30 2011-11-17 Wq-Tec Ag Terrestrial collector for use in e.g. heat pump, has milled slot region for positioning terrestrial collector device, where terrestrial collector device is positioned in region of milled slot perpendicular to front end of milled slot
CN101956411B (en) * 2010-09-18 2012-09-05 张永忠 Automatic mud remover
AU2012230940B2 (en) 2011-03-21 2015-06-11 Vermeer Manufacturing Company Surface excavation machine
GB2495950A (en) * 2011-10-26 2013-05-01 Ihc Engineering Business Ltd Steerbale underwater trenching apparatus
GB2497729A (en) * 2011-12-14 2013-06-26 Ihc Engineering Business Ltd Trench Cutting Apparatus and Method
CN102704521B (en) * 2012-06-12 2014-07-30 张永忠 Making channel method of chain-type making channel machine
CN102979114B (en) * 2012-09-17 2016-02-03 李广辉 Only chain excavates and promotes translation bulk material series mechanical
AU2016201565A1 (en) 2015-03-16 2016-10-06 Vermeer Manufacturing Company Wide-End Trencher Boom
ITUB20152547A1 (en) 2015-07-28 2017-01-28 Saipem Spa An assembly of burial in a trench for a continuous conduct and burying method
JP6254670B1 (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-12-27 株式会社Kgフローテクノ Continuous wall excavator

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000160592A (en) * 1998-11-25 2000-06-13 Nippon Sharyo Seizo Kaisha Ltd Continuous earth retaining wall constructing method and device therefor

Family Cites Families (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1769074A (en) * 1926-02-11 1930-07-01 Benjamin Tornavacca Ditch digger
CH239498A (en) * 1943-07-26 1945-10-31 Grands Travaux Sa Entreprise D Excavator for forming trenches.
GB832001A (en) 1957-05-22 1960-04-06 David Lynn Wyatt Improvements in land drainage mole plough assembly
US3967396A (en) 1974-09-23 1976-07-06 Canron, Inc. Undercutter with rotary trencher
DE2700950C2 (en) * 1977-01-12 1978-11-16 Friedrich Wilhelm 4223 Voerde Paurat
JPS5629413Y2 (en) * 1978-03-02 1981-07-13
US4230372A (en) * 1978-12-04 1980-10-28 H. B. Zachry Company Dual rock cutter wheel trencher
JPS57137531A (en) 1981-02-20 1982-08-25 Kokusai Denshin Denwa Co Ltd <Kdd> Excavating method and device for ditch in bottom of water
EP0080802A1 (en) * 1981-10-14 1983-06-08 James Christopher Wallace A machine for cutting a trench in rock
JPS6233794Y2 (en) * 1981-10-14 1987-08-29
JPS5876622A (en) 1981-10-31 1983-05-09 Kobashi Kogyo Kk Ditch digger
DE3207104A1 (en) * 1982-02-27 1983-09-08 Gewerk Eisenhuette Westfalia Trench cutting machine
GB2133436A (en) * 1983-01-12 1984-07-25 Trenchers Developments Limited A boom type of trenching machine
NL179496C (en) 1983-12-06 1986-09-16 Mechanisatiebedrijf Jan Smedes Grip cutter.
JPS60250129A (en) * 1984-05-25 1985-12-10 Mitsui Miike Mach Co Ltd Continuous trencher
JPS6237428A (en) * 1985-08-09 1987-02-18 Kanhai:Kk Ground surface excavator
US4755001A (en) 1986-09-08 1988-07-05 Gilbert Jerry F Road planar
BE1002544A6 (en) 1988-10-14 1991-03-19 I T S Gb Ltd Slicer.
US4908967A (en) 1988-12-16 1990-03-20 Leece Quentin J Heavy duty rock trencher
DE3911624A1 (en) 1989-04-09 1990-10-11 Delmag Maschinenfabrik Tool for digging and undercutting slit trench - has cutting tool mounted on links pivoted to lower end of fixed frame
US5056242A (en) * 1989-05-12 1991-10-15 Finic, B.V. Underground wall construction method and apparatus
US5074063A (en) * 1989-06-02 1991-12-24 Pella Engineering & Reseach Corporation Undercut trenching machine
DE4018086A1 (en) 1990-06-06 1992-05-21 Guenter Wagner Hydraulic tool for improving excavation efficiency on deep trenches - uses side wall pressure parts to reduce friction loss and improve lateral tolerances
DE4213523B4 (en) * 1992-04-24 2005-12-08 Tamrock Voest-Alpine Bergtechnik Ges.m.b.H. Mobile milling loader, in particular ground milling device
GB9218237D0 (en) 1992-08-27 1992-10-14 Mastenbroek & Co Ltd J Excavating and pipe laying machines
FR2696769B1 (en) 1992-10-12 1994-12-09 Sol Cie Apparatus for digging deep trenches in the ground using milling drums.
US5575079A (en) * 1993-10-29 1996-11-19 Tokyo Electron Limited Substrate drying apparatus and substrate drying method
GB9323298D0 (en) 1993-11-11 1994-01-05 Mastenbroek & Co Ltd J Improvements in and relating to excavating apparatus
JPH07197485A (en) 1993-12-28 1995-08-01 Komatsu Ltd Working machine control device for construction machine
KR0173835B1 (en) 1994-06-01 1999-02-18 오까다 하지모 Area-limited digging control device for construction machines
JP3091667B2 (en) 1995-06-09 2000-09-25 日立建機株式会社 Excavation control device for construction machinery
US5586399A (en) 1995-08-22 1996-12-24 V.T.S. Trenching Systems Ltd. Vertical trencher apparatus employing cutter having helical channel of varying rise angle
AUPN631995A0 (en) 1995-11-01 1995-11-23 University Of Queensland, The Methods and apparatus for excavating a solid material
AUPO051196A0 (en) 1996-06-17 1996-07-11 Australian Equipment Designers Pty Ltd Digging machine
DE19727549C2 (en) 1997-06-28 2000-03-02 Wirtgen Gmbh Device and method for excavating and filling in soil

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000160592A (en) * 1998-11-25 2000-06-13 Nippon Sharyo Seizo Kaisha Ltd Continuous earth retaining wall constructing method and device therefor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
NO20031795D0 (en) 2003-04-22
KR20030045131A (en) 2003-06-09
DK1330577T3 (en) 2007-05-14
ZA200302812B (en) 2004-04-13
KR100822931B1 (en) 2008-04-16
EA200300500A1 (en) 2003-08-28
BR0114843A (en) 2004-02-17
AU9575501A (en) 2002-05-06
PT1330577E (en) 2007-04-30
BR0114843B1 (en) 2010-12-14
DE60126418T2 (en) 2007-11-29
JP2004512447A (en) 2004-04-22
CA2426575C (en) 2009-09-01
CA2426575A1 (en) 2002-05-02
US6658767B2 (en) 2003-12-09
NO20031795L (en) 2003-06-19
EA004396B1 (en) 2004-04-29
DE60126418D1 (en) 2007-03-22
JP2008150942A (en) 2008-07-03
GB2368358B (en) 2004-10-13
EP1330577A1 (en) 2003-07-30
WO2002035016A1 (en) 2002-05-02
CN1471602A (en) 2004-01-28
ES2277946T3 (en) 2007-08-01
JP4575961B2 (en) 2010-11-04
JP4112975B2 (en) 2008-07-02
US20020056211A1 (en) 2002-05-16
AT353111T (en) 2007-02-15
GB2368358A (en) 2002-05-01
AU2001295755B2 (en) 2007-01-04
CN1216214C (en) 2005-08-24
GB0025899D0 (en) 2000-12-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP0563473B1 (en) Excavator and method of using excavator
US4542940A (en) Method and apparatus for cutting a trench through rock-like material
US5070632A (en) Trenching machine with laterally adjustable chain-type digging implement
CA2039022C (en) Compact padding machine
CA1280130C (en) Trenching system with trench wall enhancer, local longitudinal tractor, and concrete pouring facility
JP3899676B2 (en) Tunnel excavator
US5261171A (en) Pipeline padding machine attachment for a vehicle
US7290360B2 (en) Excavation apparatus
US6751895B2 (en) Vertical underground stump grinding apparatus
US3893302A (en) Machine and method for excavating trenches and for constructing walls in trenches
US4953915A (en) Roof fall separating and removing apparatus and method for use in thin seam highwall mining
US5575538A (en) Rock saw with centerline conveyor assembly and method of digging a narrow trench
CA1132148A (en) Trench rock saw
US6913086B2 (en) Skimmer
US6725579B2 (en) Excavation apparatus
US7992329B2 (en) Single pointed ripper bucket excavation tool
EP1828492B1 (en) Multi-shank ripper
CN101321919A (en) Compact excavator implement interface
US5257471A (en) Excavator for forming underground continuous wall
US3737199A (en) Earthworking tool
US4563826A (en) Apparatus for removing ballast from beneath a railroad track
US7096609B2 (en) Trencher unit
EP0150210A4 (en) Continuous mining machine.
US6662479B2 (en) Tree and stump removal
US5333937A (en) Excavation machine having combined impact hammers and static ripper pick

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AX Request for extension of the european patent to:

Extension state: AL LT LV MK RO SI

AK Designated contracting states

Designated state(s): AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE TR

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20030415

17Q First examination report despatched

Effective date: 20031021

RBV Designated contracting states (corrected)

Designated state(s): AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE TR

AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE TR

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: EP

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: FG4D

REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 60126418

Country of ref document: DE

Date of ref document: 20070322

Kind code of ref document: P

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: SE

Ref legal event code: TRGR

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GR

Ref legal event code: EP

Ref document number: 20070400860

Country of ref document: GR

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: PT

Ref legal event code: SC4A

Free format text: AVAILABILITY OF NATIONAL TRANSLATION

Effective date: 20070322

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DK

Ref legal event code: T3

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: NV

Representative=s name: KATZAROV S.A.

ET Fr: translation filed
REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: ES

Ref legal event code: FG2A

Ref document number: 2277946

Country of ref document: ES

Kind code of ref document: T3

26N No opposition filed

Effective date: 20071101

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: MC

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20071031

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: CY

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20070131

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 15

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: LU

Payment date: 20151028

Year of fee payment: 15

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: DK

Payment date: 20151027

Year of fee payment: 15

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: IE

Payment date: 20151109

Year of fee payment: 15

Ref country code: CH

Payment date: 20151111

Year of fee payment: 15

Ref country code: FI

Payment date: 20151027

Year of fee payment: 15

Ref country code: GR

Payment date: 20151030

Year of fee payment: 15

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: BE

Payment date: 20151027

Year of fee payment: 15

Ref country code: PT

Payment date: 20151019

Year of fee payment: 15

Ref country code: AT

Payment date: 20151109

Year of fee payment: 15

Ref country code: SE

Payment date: 20151027

Year of fee payment: 15

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 16

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: BE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20161031

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DK

Ref legal event code: EBP

Effective date: 20161031

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: PL

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: AT

Ref legal event code: MM01

Ref document number: 353111

Country of ref document: AT

Kind code of ref document: T

Effective date: 20161019

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: MM4A

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: CH

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20161031

Ref country code: GR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170504

Ref country code: LI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20161031

Ref country code: FI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20161019

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: SE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20161020

Ref country code: LU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20161019

Ref country code: AT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20161019

Ref country code: PT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170419

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 17

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: DK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20161031

Ref country code: IE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20161019

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: BE

Ref legal event code: MM

Effective date: 20161031

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 18

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: FR

Payment date: 20190927

Year of fee payment: 19

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: DE

Payment date: 20191008

Year of fee payment: 19

Ref country code: NL

Payment date: 20191014

Year of fee payment: 19

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: ES

Payment date: 20191104

Year of fee payment: 19

Ref country code: IT

Payment date: 20191009

Year of fee payment: 19

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: TR

Payment date: 20191014

Year of fee payment: 19