EP0940516A1 - A structural panel - Google Patents

A structural panel Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0940516A1
EP0940516A1 EP98200702A EP98200702A EP0940516A1 EP 0940516 A1 EP0940516 A1 EP 0940516A1 EP 98200702 A EP98200702 A EP 98200702A EP 98200702 A EP98200702 A EP 98200702A EP 0940516 A1 EP0940516 A1 EP 0940516A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
panel
lattice
fastening
concrete
core
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP98200702A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Tom Gould
Julian Taylor
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Structherm Ltd
Original Assignee
Structherm Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Structherm Ltd filed Critical Structherm Ltd
Priority to EP98200702A priority Critical patent/EP0940516A1/en
Publication of EP0940516A1 publication Critical patent/EP0940516A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • E04C2/2885Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material with the insulating material being completely surrounded by, or embedded in, a stone-like material, e.g. the insulating material being discontinuous
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/049Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres completely or partially of insulating material, e.g. cellular concrete or foamed plaster

Definitions

  • the invention relates to an insulated structural panel suitable for use in a prefabricated building system.
  • pre-insulated structural panels are known and these are establishing themselves as the preferred method of providing the necessary insulation. These include concrete blocks (440mm x 215mm) having either an insulation board bonded to one side or having the insulation placed centrally within the block. These systems however suffer from cold bridging through the mortar at every joint, which results in cold bridges distributed across the face of the wall thereby reducing the thermal efficiency. Being more conventional building systems, i.e. a wet construction, work cannot progress in bad weather and at cold temperatures, shrinkage cracking occurs and consequently, the buildings can take a long time to erect.
  • the present invention seeks to provide a structural panel which avoids cold-bridging problems, has high thermal efficiency, and that is cheap to produce and enables buildings to be erected quickly and cheaply.
  • structural panel for a prefabricated building including a panel core of having a plurality of filler of insulating material reinforced by a lattice structure, which lattice structure comprises two spaced lattice side members and a plurality of interstitial elements connected to the said spaced lattice side members, each of which interstitial lattice elements is disposed between two neighbouring filler elements so that the interstitial lattice elements and filler elements alternate along the panel, wherein substantially the whole of the lattice structure is filled with said insulating material, characterised in that each interstitial lattice element comprises at least in part a substantially continuous structure and in that the panel core is pre-cast in concrete.
  • each interstitial lattice element has a continuous structure from an upper edge to a lower edge of the panel.
  • the interstitial lattice elements are joined to the lattice members adjacent to the apices of the interstitial lattice members.
  • at least part of the interstitial lattice structure protrudes from the surface plane at the panel core, thereby providing the concrete with structural re-inforcement.
  • the panel of the invention has a high thermal efficiency, avoids the problems of cold bridging associated with known pre-cast panels and is cheap to produce, transport and permits rapid erection of buildings without suffering from damaging interstitial condensation.
  • the panel of the invention is surprisingly very robust and strong.
  • the lattice structure advantageously re-inforces the concrete, thereby further increasing the strength of the panel.
  • the panel has very good fire resistance because the insulating material is encapsulated within the concrete. Furthermore any interstitial condensation will form only on the concrete surface, which will not cause the degradation known in the prior art due to sagging insulation and corrosion.
  • the invention also provides for a wall fastening for the panel core, said fastening, when in the installed position, comprising a substantially vertical structure on each face of the panel core adapted to engage said panel core and a substantially horizontal connecting piece joining said vertical structures, said horizontal connecting piece having a supporting plane and a raised section above said plane extending in the longitudinal plane of the panel core along the fastening to support the panel core.
  • the wall fastening allows a very rapid and secure erection of the panel and ensures that the panel retains its resilience during erection.
  • the panel core and a part of the fastening are encapsulated in concrete such that a lower face of the horizontal member is substantially free of concrete.
  • This may be mounted in a substantially U-shaped fastening, the U-shaped fastening being secured to a base, the panel being secured to the U-shaped fastening, thereby supporting the panel in an upright position.
  • the substantially vertical structure includes openings to enable holes to be drilled through the panel.
  • Figure 1 shows a generally rectangular structural panel 1 comprising a core of polystyrene insulating material 2, which is reinforced by a steel wire lattice, thereby defining a panel care 6.
  • the vertical members of the steel lattice 3 consist of first wire elements in spaced parallel relationship which are joined to respective adjacent elements by means of a plurality at spaced parallel members 4 perpendicular to the first wire elements, which in normal usage will be substantially horizontal, thereby forming a cage like structure on the surface of the insulating material 2.
  • the panel core 6 is supported at each of its two lower corners by a fastening 5, which is described in greater detail hereinafter.
  • the panel core 6 and the fastenings 5 are encapsulated on their exterior sides in concrete 7.
  • the structural panel 1 so formed is then mounted in two substantially U-shaped brackets 8 which have been previously secured to, e.g., building foundations.
  • the respective opposite vertical edges of the structural panel 1 are provided with a tongue 9 and a groove 10.
  • Figure 2 shows a cross-sectional lower end view of the structural panel 1 with the fastening 5 in the installed position.
  • the panel core 6 again comprises the insulating material 2 and steel lattice 3 and further comprises a member 11 passing back and forth through the insulating material 2, thereby forming a warren truss type structure, whereby the individual apices of the member 11 protrude beyond the surface plane of the steel lattice 3.
  • the tie elements 4 are not visible.
  • the panel core 6 is held in a fastening 5 having substantially vertical resilient arms 12a and 12b on opposite sides of the panel care 6 which arms engage with the steel lattice 3 and may be fastened to the lattice by means of Hartco clips or the like.
  • the arms extend substantially horizontally outwardly towards the outer surface of the structural panel 1.
  • a substantially horizontal connecting piece 13 joins the lower portion of the arms 12a and 12b to one another, which connecting piece has a raised central plateau 14, on which the panel core 6 rests.
  • the core 6 and the fastening 5 are encapsulated in concrete such that the lower face of the horizontal connecting piece 13 is substantially free of concrete.
  • the structural panel 1 thus formed is mounted in a substantially U-shaped bracket 15 having a cement mortar bed in the space between the upper surface at the bracket and the lower surface of the structural panel 1.
  • the U-shaped bracket 15 is screwed to the structural panel by screws on each side of the panel, said screws 21 reaching into the insulating material 2.
  • the U-shaped bracket is anchored to the floor by means of an anchor 16.
  • a damp proof course 17 is provided between the lower surface of the U-shaped bracket 15 and the parts of the panel not held in the bracket and the floor or surface on which the panel is mounted.
  • the panel core may comprise a series of vertical warren trusses having horizontal tie members joining each truss to its respective adjacent trusses, wherein the space between trusses is filled with stripe of polystyrene insulating material.
  • the panel core may have various thicknesses depending on the amount of insulation required for the particular building.
  • a typical panel is between 76mm and 150mm thick, up to 1500mm wide and 3000mm tall, i.e. each panel can be one storey high. It is also possible to increase the strength of the panel by increasing the diameter of the wire used to form the lattice.
  • the insulating material is typically polystyrene, other materials such as mineral wool, phenolic foam or polyurethane may be used depending on the precise application. As the panel is relatively thin in comparison with a conventional structure, the floor space available in the building is increased.
  • the panel cores 6 are encapsulated in concrete using split moulds to enable the correct thickness of concrete to be laid out for the lower face and to be screed before adding the panel.
  • the concrete used should preferably be a fine aggregate concrete with a compressive strength in the range of 10 to 60 N/mm 2 , be free flowing and contain a waterproofing additive to improve resistance to environmental degradation.
  • the concrete layer is typically 12-25mm thick. It would also be possible to produce a lightweight panel by using a lightweight aggregate such as FIBO expanded clay or Perlite. Such a lightweight panel is man handleable on site.
  • Fire tests according TO BS 476 have shown that the panel has the following properties: stability (66 mins); integrity (50 mins); insulation (50 mins).
  • the panel tested by 3.00m x 3.1 m high x 100mm thick, 22mm concrete thickness, load strength 6KN/m run. Surface spread of flame: Class 1.
  • FIG 3 shows a perspective view of the fastening 5 in the U-shaped bracket 15 having too substantially vertical arms 12a,b and connecting piece 13 having a raised central plateau 14.
  • Each of the arms 12a,b has three rectangular openings 18,19,20.
  • the two vertical openings 18,19 being situated above the horizontal opening 20.
  • the openings serve to allow the screws 21 to be screwed into the panel.
  • the U-shaped bracket 15 has an opening 22 an its horizontal section to receive the anchor 16.
  • the structural panel 1 is mounted in two U-shaped channels which together extend over substantially the entire length of the lower edge of the panel.
  • the U-shaped, channel is anchored to the floor by means of an anchor.
  • a mortar cement bed would be placed between the upper surface of the channel and the lower surface of the structural panel.
  • a damp proof course is provided between the lower surface of the channel and the floor.
  • Figure 4 shows a schematic representation of a part of a building having a window opening constructed using panels made according to the invention.
  • the walls of the building are constructed of storey high panels 41.
  • the storey high panels adjacent to a window opening 42 43 have a small rectangular portion missing from the upper edge facing the opening, which is adapted to receive a lintel 44 using tongue and groove or notches.
  • a spandrel panel 45 forms the lower edge of the opening and spans the gap between the panels 42,43.
  • the lintel 44 is made in the same manner as the structural panel 1 but may have added re-inforcement in the form of steel rods or the like to increase its strength.
  • the lintel may of course be used with conventional building systems.
  • the thicker panels of the invention may be used as floor panels.
  • the panels 41-45 may be finished by rendering to seal the wall against water ingress, possibly with further insulation between the render and the wall or may provide the internal skin of a traditional cavity wall construction, the cavity of which could itself be filled with insulating material.
  • interstitial lattice elements are described as zig-zag, they could have a serpentine or triangular wave structure or similar.

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Building Environments (AREA)

Abstract

A structural panel (1) for a prefabricated building comprising an insulating panel core (2) reinforced by a warren truss type lattice structure (3,4). The structural panel is provided with a tongue and groove construction (9,10) to permit adjoining panels to be joined to one another. The panel core is mounted on a fastening (5) at each of the lower corners of the panel core. The fastening has vertical arms (12a,b) which are adapted to grip the surface of the panel core. A lower edge of the panel core sits on a raised section (14) between the arms (12a,b). The panel core and the fastening are then encapsulated in concrete. The lattice structure protrudes from the surface plane of the panel core to provide the concrete with structural re-inforcement.

Description

  • The invention relates to an insulated structural panel suitable for use in a prefabricated building system.
  • Building regulations now require the standard of building insulation to be progressively increased due to environmental considerations. New buildings also have to rated according to their thermal efficiency, which enables purchasers to choose the building with the lowest heating costs. The calculation of thermal efficiency must take account of cold-bridging, i.e. parts of a wall where there is a local reduction in the thermal efficiency between the inner and outer faces such as occur in a masonry wall in the mortar joints.
  • Many types of pre-insulated structural panels are known and these are establishing themselves as the preferred method of providing the necessary insulation. These include concrete blocks (440mm x 215mm) having either an insulation board bonded to one side or having the insulation placed centrally within the block. These systems however suffer from cold bridging through the mortar at every joint, which results in cold bridges distributed across the face of the wall thereby reducing the thermal efficiency. Being more conventional building systems, i.e. a wet construction, work cannot progress in bad weather and at cold temperatures, shrinkage cracking occurs and consequently, the buildings can take a long time to erect.
  • Other known systems use interlocking permanent formwork blocks that are filled with concrete. These systems reduce the cold bridging problems known with other systems but still require large volumes of insitu concrete to be prepared on site and thus cannot be used in cold or wet conditions. This inevitably also leads to long erecting times.
  • Prefabricated building systems have been used to try to overcome these problems. Attempts at using concrete panels suffered from poor thermal efficiency and interstitial condensations caused rotting and corrosion of the supporting structure. The thermal efficiency of such panels has retrospectively been improved by the use of insulating panels. Concrete has been abandoned in favour of timber framed structures, which have the problem of cold bridging associated with the known panels and are also subject to interstitial condensation, thereby causing the timber frames to rot unless all joints are sealed and moist air extracted from the buildings. This increases the cost of the building so that timber framed buildings are generally more expensive than the traditional cavity wall construction.
  • Finally, it is also known to create insulated pre-fabricated panels by sandwiching a core of insulating material, e.g. polystyrene, between two concrete panels, whereby the two concrete panels are tied together during casting using glass fibre connecting rods. This process is complex and the resulting panels are expensive. These sandwich panels are also very heavy (360 kg/m2), which leads to high transport costs, and they require heavy lifting equipment and heavy duty foundations on site.
  • The present invention seeks to provide a structural panel which avoids cold-bridging problems, has high thermal efficiency, and that is cheap to produce and enables buildings to be erected quickly and cheaply.
  • According to a first aspect of the invention there is provided structural panel for a prefabricated building including a panel core of having a plurality of filler of insulating material reinforced by a lattice structure, which lattice structure comprises two spaced lattice side members and a plurality of interstitial elements connected to the said spaced lattice side members, each of which interstitial lattice elements is disposed between two neighbouring filler elements so that the interstitial lattice elements and filler elements alternate along the panel, wherein substantially the whole of the lattice structure is filled with said insulating material, characterised in that each interstitial lattice element comprises at least in part a substantially continuous structure and in that the panel core is pre-cast in concrete.
  • Preferably, each interstitial lattice element has a continuous structure from an upper edge to a lower edge of the panel. Preferably, the interstitial lattice elements are joined to the lattice members adjacent to the apices of the interstitial lattice members. Preferably, at least part of the interstitial lattice structure protrudes from the surface plane at the panel core, thereby providing the concrete with structural re-inforcement.
  • The panel of the invention has a high thermal efficiency, avoids the problems of cold bridging associated with known pre-cast panels and is cheap to produce, transport and permits rapid erection of buildings without suffering from damaging interstitial condensation. The panel of the invention is surprisingly very robust and strong. In a preferred embodiment the lattice structure advantageously re-inforces the concrete, thereby further increasing the strength of the panel. The panel has very good fire resistance because the insulating material is encapsulated within the concrete. Furthermore any interstitial condensation will form only on the concrete surface, which will not cause the degradation known in the prior art due to sagging insulation and corrosion.
  • The invention also provides for a wall fastening for the panel core, said fastening, when in the installed position, comprising a substantially vertical structure on each face of the panel core adapted to engage said panel core and a substantially horizontal connecting piece joining said vertical structures, said horizontal connecting piece having a supporting plane and a raised section above said plane extending in the longitudinal plane of the panel core along the fastening to support the panel core.
  • The wall fastening allows a very rapid and secure erection of the panel and ensures that the panel retains its resilience during erection.
  • Preferably, the panel core and a part of the fastening are encapsulated in concrete such that a lower face of the horizontal member is substantially free of concrete. This may be mounted in a substantially U-shaped fastening, the U-shaped fastening being secured to a base, the panel being secured to the U-shaped fastening, thereby supporting the panel in an upright position. Preferably, the substantially vertical structure includes openings to enable holes to be drilled through the panel.
  • Embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example only in greater detail with reference to the drawings in which:
  • Figure 1 shows a structural panel partially cut away with the fastening means;
  • Figure 2 shows a cross section of a structural panel with fastening means;
  • Figure 3 shows a perspective view of the fastening means in a bracket;
  • Figure 4 schematically shows a part of a building having a window opening constructed from panels made according to the invention.
  • Figure 1 shows a generally rectangular structural panel 1 comprising a core of polystyrene insulating material 2, which is reinforced by a steel wire lattice, thereby defining a panel care 6. The vertical members of the steel lattice 3 consist of first wire elements in spaced parallel relationship which are joined to respective adjacent elements by means of a plurality at spaced parallel members 4 perpendicular to the first wire elements, which in normal usage will be substantially horizontal, thereby forming a cage like structure on the surface of the insulating material 2. The panel core 6 is supported at each of its two lower corners by a fastening 5, which is described in greater detail hereinafter. The panel core 6 and the fastenings 5 are encapsulated on their exterior sides in concrete 7. The structural panel 1 so formed is then mounted in two substantially U-shaped brackets 8 which have been previously secured to, e.g., building foundations. The respective opposite vertical edges of the structural panel 1 are provided with a tongue 9 and a groove 10.
  • Figure 2 shows a cross-sectional lower end view of the structural panel 1 with the fastening 5 in the installed position. The panel core 6 again comprises the insulating material 2 and steel lattice 3 and further comprises a member 11 passing back and forth through the insulating material 2, thereby forming a warren truss type structure, whereby the individual apices of the member 11 protrude beyond the surface plane of the steel lattice 3. The tie elements 4 are not visible. The panel core 6 is held in a fastening 5 having substantially vertical resilient arms 12a and 12b on opposite sides of the panel care 6 which arms engage with the steel lattice 3 and may be fastened to the lattice by means of Hartco clips or the like. At approximately one third the length of the vertical arms 12a and 12b the arms extend substantially horizontally outwardly towards the outer surface of the structural panel 1. A substantially horizontal connecting piece 13 joins the lower portion of the arms 12a and 12b to one another, which connecting piece has a raised central plateau 14, on which the panel core 6 rests. The core 6 and the fastening 5 are encapsulated in concrete such that the lower face of the horizontal connecting piece 13 is substantially free of concrete. The structural panel 1 thus formed is mounted in a substantially U-shaped bracket 15 having a cement mortar bed in the space between the upper surface at the bracket and the lower surface of the structural panel 1. The U-shaped bracket 15 is screwed to the structural panel by screws on each side of the panel, said screws 21 reaching into the insulating material 2. The U-shaped bracket is anchored to the floor by means of an anchor 16. A damp proof course 17 is provided between the lower surface of the U-shaped bracket 15 and the parts of the panel not held in the bracket and the floor or surface on which the panel is mounted.
  • From figures 1 and 2 it can be seen that the panel core may comprise a series of vertical warren trusses having horizontal tie members joining each truss to its respective adjacent trusses, wherein the space between trusses is filled with stripe of polystyrene insulating material. The panel core may have various thicknesses depending on the amount of insulation required for the particular building. A typical panel is between 76mm and 150mm thick, up to 1500mm wide and 3000mm tall, i.e. each panel can be one storey high. It is also possible to increase the strength of the panel by increasing the diameter of the wire used to form the lattice. Although the insulating material is typically polystyrene, other materials such as mineral wool, phenolic foam or polyurethane may be used depending on the precise application. As the panel is relatively thin in comparison with a conventional structure, the floor space available in the building is increased.
  • The panel cores 6 are encapsulated in concrete using split moulds to enable the correct thickness of concrete to be laid out for the lower face and to be screed before adding the panel. The concrete used should preferably be a fine aggregate concrete with a compressive strength in the range of 10 to 60 N/mm2, be free flowing and contain a waterproofing additive to improve resistance to environmental degradation. The concrete layer is typically 12-25mm thick. It would also be possible to produce a lightweight panel by using a lightweight aggregate such as FIBO expanded clay or Perlite. Such a lightweight panel is man handleable on site.
  • Fire tests according TO BS 476 have shown that the panel has the following properties: stability (66 mins); integrity (50 mins); insulation (50 mins). The panel tested by 3.00m x 3.1 m high x 100mm thick, 22mm concrete thickness, load strength 6KN/m run. Surface spread of flame: Class 1.
  • Thermal efficiency tests on panels having 22mm of concrete and a 150mm core panel with polystyrene as insulating material have given thermal resistance of 4.911 m3K/W (U-value = 0.20 W/m2K). For a similar panel with a 76mm core panel when combined with a brickwork skin and a 50mm uninsulated cavity, thermal resistance is 2.232 m2K/W (U-value = 0.45 W/m2K).
  • Figure 3 shows a perspective view of the fastening 5 in the U-shaped bracket 15 having too substantially vertical arms 12a,b and connecting piece 13 having a raised central plateau 14. Each of the arms 12a,b has three rectangular openings 18,19,20. The two vertical openings 18,19 being situated above the horizontal opening 20. The openings serve to allow the screws 21 to be screwed into the panel. The U-shaped bracket 15 has an opening 22 an its horizontal section to receive the anchor 16.
  • In an alternative embodiment, it is possible to dispense with the fastening 5. In this case the structural panel 1 is mounted in two U-shaped channels which together extend over substantially the entire length of the lower edge of the panel. The U-shaped, channel is anchored to the floor by means of an anchor. A mortar cement bed would be placed between the upper surface of the channel and the lower surface of the structural panel. A damp proof course is provided between the lower surface of the channel and the floor.
  • Figure 4 shows a schematic representation of a part of a building having a window opening constructed using panels made according to the invention. The walls of the building are constructed of storey high panels 41. The storey high panels adjacent to a window opening 42 43 have a small rectangular portion missing from the upper edge facing the opening, which is adapted to receive a lintel 44 using tongue and groove or notches. A spandrel panel 45 forms the lower edge of the opening and spans the gap between the panels 42,43. The lintel 44 is made in the same manner as the structural panel 1 but may have added re-inforcement in the form of steel rods or the like to increase its strength. The lintel may of course be used with conventional building systems. The thicker panels of the invention may be used as floor panels.
  • The panels 41-45 may be finished by rendering to seal the wall against water ingress, possibly with further insulation between the render and the wall or may provide the internal skin of a traditional cavity wall construction, the cavity of which could itself be filled with insulating material.
  • Although the interstitial lattice elements are described as zig-zag, they could have a serpentine or triangular wave structure or similar.

Claims (12)

  1. A structural panel (1) for a prefabricated building including a panel core of having a plurality of filler elements (2) of insulating material reinforced by a lattice structure, which lattice structure comprises two spaced lattice side members (3,4) and a plurality of interstitial elements (11) connected to the said spaced lattice side members, each of which interstitial lattice elements is disposed between two neighbouring filler elements (2) so that the interstitial lattice elements and filler elements alternate along the panel, wherein substantially the whole of the lattice structure is filled with said insulating material,
    characterised in that
    each interstitial lattice element (11) comprises at least in part a substantially continuous structure and in that the panel core is pre-cast in concrete.
  2. A structural panel according to Claim 1, characterised in that each interstitial lattice element (11) has a continuous structure from an upper edge to a lower edge of the panel.
  3. A structural panel according to Claim 1 or Claim 2, characterised in that the interstitial lattice elements (11) are joined to the lattice members (3,4) adjacent to the apices of the interstitial lattice members.
  4. A structural panel according to any one of Claims 1 to 3, characterised in that at least part of the interstitial lattice element (11) protrudes from the surface plane of the panel core, thereby providing the concrete with structural re-inforcement.
  5. A structural panel according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterised in that the concrete is lightweight concrete.
  6. A structural panel according to any one of Claims 1 to 5, characterised in that a tongue (9) and a groove (10) are provided on opposite edges of said panel, said tongue and said groove being adapted to engage a corresponding tongue or groove, respectively, on an adjacent panel.
  7. A wall construction comprising in particular a panel according to any one of claims 1 to 6, including a fastening (5) adapted to receive a panel core as defined in Claim 1, said fastening (5), when in the installed position, comprising a substantially vertical structure (12a,b) on each face of the panel core adapted to engage said panel core and a substantially horizontal connecting piece (13) joining said vertical structures, said horizontal connecting piece having a supporting plane and a raised section (14) above said plane extending in the longitudinal plane of the panel core along the fastening to support the panel core.
  8. A wall construction according to Claim 7, characterised in that the panel core (6) and a part of the fastening (5) are encapsulated in concrete such that a lower face of the horizontal member (13) is substantially free of concrete.
  9. A wall construction according to Claim 1 or 7, characterised in that the encapsulated panel and fastening, when dependent on Claim 7, are mounted in a substantially U-shaped fastening (15), the U-shaped fastening (8) being secured to a base, the panel being secured to the U-shaped fastening, thereby supporting the panel in an upright position.
  10. A wall construction according to Claim 7, characterised in that the substantially vertical structure includes openings (18,19,20) to enable holes to be drilled through the panel.
  11. A panel according to Claim 1, characterised in that the panel is a lintel.
  12. A building made from a plurality of panels according to Claim 1.
EP98200702A 1998-03-06 1998-03-06 A structural panel Withdrawn EP0940516A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP98200702A EP0940516A1 (en) 1998-03-06 1998-03-06 A structural panel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP98200702A EP0940516A1 (en) 1998-03-06 1998-03-06 A structural panel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0940516A1 true EP0940516A1 (en) 1999-09-08

Family

ID=8233445

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP98200702A Withdrawn EP0940516A1 (en) 1998-03-06 1998-03-06 A structural panel

Country Status (1)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0940516A1 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1106745A3 (en) * 1999-12-09 2001-08-22 Schwörer Haus KG Prefabricated floor element with foamed polyurethane and method of manufacturing the same
DE10310401B3 (en) * 2003-03-07 2004-07-15 Dieckhoff, Peter Insulating plate made of foamed plastic for a multi-layered wall plate comprises a side wall having a profile dimensioned so that grid bars of a grid support can be pressed between the profile elements
WO2011082501A1 (en) * 2010-01-05 2011-07-14 Beuchat, Barros & Pfenniger Method for producing sandwich wall panels, resulting panel and mounting thereof in a construction system
CN101899935B (en) * 2009-05-26 2012-06-27 亨特道格拉斯建筑产品(中国)有限公司 Preassembled profile box-type honeycomb plate of built-in sliding block
CN105544851A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-05-04 上海宝岳住宅工业有限公司 Prefabricated sandwich thermal-insulation laminated wallboard and manufacturing method
CN105672561A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-06-15 罗寅 Self-insulating composite wallboard and production method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB598690A (en) * 1945-11-08 1948-02-24 Ernest Goodall Malthouse Improvements in or relating to precast building units
US3979863A (en) * 1975-05-30 1976-09-14 Bearingwall Systems, Inc. Modular precast concrete wall panels in building construction
US4117639A (en) * 1977-06-29 1978-10-03 Butler Manufacturing Company Reinforced insulated concrete building panel
DE2843324A1 (en) * 1977-12-05 1979-06-07 Covington Bros Building Syst BUILDING PANEL

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB598690A (en) * 1945-11-08 1948-02-24 Ernest Goodall Malthouse Improvements in or relating to precast building units
US3979863A (en) * 1975-05-30 1976-09-14 Bearingwall Systems, Inc. Modular precast concrete wall panels in building construction
US4117639A (en) * 1977-06-29 1978-10-03 Butler Manufacturing Company Reinforced insulated concrete building panel
DE2843324A1 (en) * 1977-12-05 1979-06-07 Covington Bros Building Syst BUILDING PANEL

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1106745A3 (en) * 1999-12-09 2001-08-22 Schwörer Haus KG Prefabricated floor element with foamed polyurethane and method of manufacturing the same
DE10310401B3 (en) * 2003-03-07 2004-07-15 Dieckhoff, Peter Insulating plate made of foamed plastic for a multi-layered wall plate comprises a side wall having a profile dimensioned so that grid bars of a grid support can be pressed between the profile elements
CN101899935B (en) * 2009-05-26 2012-06-27 亨特道格拉斯建筑产品(中国)有限公司 Preassembled profile box-type honeycomb plate of built-in sliding block
WO2011082501A1 (en) * 2010-01-05 2011-07-14 Beuchat, Barros & Pfenniger Method for producing sandwich wall panels, resulting panel and mounting thereof in a construction system
CN105544851A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-05-04 上海宝岳住宅工业有限公司 Prefabricated sandwich thermal-insulation laminated wallboard and manufacturing method
CN105544851B (en) * 2015-12-10 2017-08-11 上海宝岳住宅工业有限公司 A kind of prefabricated sandwich heat preservation composite wallboard and preparation method
CN105672561A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-06-15 罗寅 Self-insulating composite wallboard and production method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7100336B2 (en) Concrete building panel with a low density core and carbon fiber and steel reinforcement
US4669240A (en) Precast reinforced concrete wall panels and method of erecting same
US7627997B2 (en) Concrete foundation wall with a low density core and carbon fiber and steel reinforcement
US5526625A (en) Building panel and buildings using the panel
AU2007204470B2 (en) Construction made of individual components
US20210301528A1 (en) Systems and methods for constructing a single-storey building
US20090113820A1 (en) Prefabricated wall panel system
US5799453A (en) Structure and method of fabrication
EP2646632B1 (en) A multi-storey apartment building and method of constructing such building
US20050115185A1 (en) Masonry block constructions with polymeric coating
EA013175B1 (en) Outer multi-story frame building wall of arcos system and method of erection thereof
EP0048728A1 (en) Construction system based on thin concrete boards and cassette element for the implementation of the system.
EP0940516A1 (en) A structural panel
AU5120393A (en) Improvements in/or relating to insulated construction panelsand/or methods of manufacturing such panels and/or methods of construction using such panels
CN115928909A (en) Short-limb shear wall assembled light steel combined truss bearing steel wire mesh frame mortar-perlite-polyphenyl composite enclosure wall and manufacturing method thereof
KR19980058501U (en) Prefabricated PC Concrete Wall Panels
GB2317404A (en) A structural panel
WO2010138993A1 (en) Modular building system
CN219327204U (en) Steel frame assembled light steel wire net rack mortar-perlite-polyphenyl enclosure wall
CN210562584U (en) Assembly type building structure
WO2007012863A1 (en) Building panels and construction of buildings with such panels
CN116290479A (en) Steel frame assembled light steel combined truss supported steel wire net rack mortar-perlite-polyphenyl composite enclosure wall and manufacturing method thereof
CN116044052A (en) Assembled light steel combined truss bearing steel wire net rack mortar-perlite-polyphenyl composite shear wall with window holes and manufacturing method thereof
CN115949157A (en) Fabricated shear wall system and construction method
RU2247197C2 (en) Balcony

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PUAI Public reference made under article 153(3) epc to a published international application that has entered the european phase

Free format text: ORIGINAL CODE: 0009012

AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FI FR GR IE IT LI NL PT SE

AX Request for extension of the european patent

Free format text: AL;LT;LV;MK;RO;SI

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20000308

AKX Designation fees paid

Free format text: AT BE CH DE DK ES FI FR GR IE IT LI NL PT SE

AXX Extension fees paid

Free format text: LT PAYMENT 20000308

17Q First examination report despatched

Effective date: 20021014

STAA Information on the status of an ep patent application or granted ep patent

Free format text: STATUS: THE APPLICATION IS DEEMED TO BE WITHDRAWN

18D Application deemed to be withdrawn

Effective date: 20110304