EP0474372A2 - Respiratory protective apparatus - Google Patents

Respiratory protective apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0474372A2
EP0474372A2 EP91307307A EP91307307A EP0474372A2 EP 0474372 A2 EP0474372 A2 EP 0474372A2 EP 91307307 A EP91307307 A EP 91307307A EP 91307307 A EP91307307 A EP 91307307A EP 0474372 A2 EP0474372 A2 EP 0474372A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
hood
filter
moving means
air moving
protective apparatus
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP91307307A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0474372A3 (en
Inventor
John Bryan Richards
Thomas William Norbron
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sabre Safety Ltd
Original Assignee
Sabre Safety Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB9018569 priority Critical
Priority to GB909018569A priority patent/GB9018569D0/en
Priority to GB9018681 priority
Priority to GB909018681A priority patent/GB9018681D0/en
Application filed by Sabre Safety Ltd filed Critical Sabre Safety Ltd
Publication of EP0474372A2 publication Critical patent/EP0474372A2/en
Publication of EP0474372A3 publication Critical patent/EP0474372A3/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B9/00Component parts for respiratory or breathing apparatus
    • A62B9/04Couplings; Supporting frames
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B17/00Protective clothing affording protection against heat or harmful chemical agents or for use at high altitudes
    • A62B17/04Hoods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B18/00Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort
    • A62B18/006Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort with pumps for forced ventilation

Abstract

Respiratory protective apparatus comprises a flexible hood (1,21) having a neck seal (3,24), which is preferably a septum (24) of highly elastic material, at a lower open end of the hood (1,21). The hood (1,21) is of a size capable of enveloping the head of an adult wearer or the upper torso of an infant, in which case the neck seal (3,24) engages round the infant's waist. A filter (7,29), which may be an NBC filter, and air moving means (8,28) are mounted to a wall of the hood (1,21) with the filter (7,29) located outside the hood (1,21) and the air moving means (8,28) inside the hood (1,21) and in direct communication with the filter (7,29) through an aperture (14,26) in the wall of the flexible hood (1,21). A source of power (10) for the air moving means (8,28) is supported on the hood (1,21), either in a pocket (9) formed in the outer wall surface of the hood, or in a housing (30) located on the mounting for the filter (29) in a position between the filter (29) and the aperture (26) in the hood.

Description

  • This invention relates to respiratory protective apparatus and more particularly to respiratory protective apparatus for delivering filtered air to a person wearing the apparatus in a noxious atmosphere.
  • According to the present invention there is provided respiratory protective apparatus comprising a flexible hood capable of enveloping the head of an adult wearer, a neck seal at an open lower edge of the hood for engaging the neck of an adult wearer, an air moving means and a filter, both mounted to a wall of the flexible hood with the air moving means located within the flexible hood and the filter located outside the flexible hood, the air moving means and the filter being in communication through an aperture in the wall of the flexible hood, and a source of power connected to the air moving means for driving the air moving means to suck air from the ambient atmosphere through the filter to fill the space within the hood.
  • Respiratory protective apparatus in accordance with the present invention provides a continual supply of clean, filtered air to the wearer of the flexible hood without the need for employing an inhale valve or a source of breathable gas.
  • The supply of filtered air to the wearer of the flexible hood maintains a positive pressure within the hood preventing the ingress of noxious gases past the neck seal.
  • Respiratory protective apparatus according to the present invention need not include an exhale valve in the wall of the hood when the neck seal permits sufficient leakage of gas from the interior of the hood. However, when an efficient neck seal is employed, for example when the neck seal is constituted by a septum of a highly elastic polymer such as silicone or polyurethane, leakage past the neck seal is so low that an exhale valve must be included in a wall of the hood permitting gas pressures generated within the hood to be relieved to atmosphere.
  • When an exhale valve is employed in respiratory protective apparatus according to the present invention an inhale valve may optionally be included in the aperture to establish uni-directional flow.
  • In one embodiment of the invention which will be described the neck seal comprises an elasticated band through which there is threaded a draw string, the ends of which are provided with a toggle for securing the draw string to maintain the neck seal in any desired position.
  • Alternatively, as already indicated, the neck seal may be a septum of a polymer material having an elasticity high enough to provide an effective seal around necks of varying diameters.
  • Preferred embodiments of the present invention provide respiratory protective apparatus which may be used to protect a person of any age from an infant to an adult. When the respiratory protective apparatus incorporates a neck seal which is an elasticated band with a draw string and a toggle, and when the respiratory protective apparatus is used by an infant the hood is placed over the upper half of the infant's body and the draw string tightened round the waist of the infant and secured by the toggle to prevent noxious gases from the atmosphere entering the space enclosed within the hood. This space is fed with air drawn by the air moving means through the filter and cleaned of noxious substances which may be nuclear, biological or chemical.
  • Similarly, when the respiratory protective apparatus according to the present invention includes a neck seal which is a septum of highly elastic polymer material, the elasticity of the neck seal is such that it will readily engage and provide efficient seal around the waist of an infant or the neck of any adolescent child or any adult.
  • Respiratory protective apparatus according to the present invention is therefore adaptable for use by a person of any age and when used on an infant provides access to the lower part of the infant's body, for example for changing a nappy, without any risk of the upper torso and respiratory tract of the infant receiving noxious gases from the atmosphere.
  • In a preferred respiratory protective apparatus according to the present invention the filter and the air moving means each includes a threaded mounting means, one of said mounting means being internally threaded and the other of said mounting means being a co-operating externally threaded mounting means enabling the filter and the air moving means to be mounted in the aperture by screwing the respective threaded mounting means into engagement.
  • Advantageously the source of power is carried on the head of an adult wearer wearing the flexible hood of respiratory protective apparatus according to the present invention. The source of power may be carried directly on the hood, in an external pocket on the wall of the flexible hood or the source of power may be carried indirectly on the hood by being carried between the filter and the air moving means.
  • When the filter and the air moving means are mounted by cooperating threaded mounting means, the source of power comprising a plurality of batteries may be mounted in a housing surrounding the engaged cooperated threaded means and mounted between the filter and the aperture in the hood.
  • The carrying of a power source in an external pocket on the wall of the hood or in a housing mounted on the engaged cooperating threaded mounting means is very convenient when a small power pack designed for providing positive pressure inside the hood for a period, for example, of two hours is used.
  • Alternatively if a larger and heavier power pack designed to provide positive pressure inside the hood for a duration, for example, of eight hours is employed, the power pack may be arranged to be supported independently of the hood, for example on the belt of an adult wearer.
  • Specifically in accordance with one aspect of the present invention there is provided respiratory protective apparatus which comprises a transparent flexible hood, a neck seal at a lower open edge of the transparent flexible hood, a ring housing defining an aperture in a wall of the flexible hood, an air moving means comprising a fan/motor unit mounted in the ring housing with the fan inside the transparent flexible hood, the air moving means having a threaded portion extending through the ring housing, a filter having a threaded portion corresponding to the threaded portion of the air moving means, the filter being mounted externally of the transparent flexible hood by screwing the threaded portion of the filter to the threaded portion of the air moving means such that the filter and the air moving means are in direct communication through the aperture, a power pack supported on the hood, and means connecting the power pack to the air moving means whereby the air moving means sucks air from a noxious ambient atmosphere through the filter to fill the space within the transparent flexible hood while the neck seal engages the neck of an adult wearer of the hood or the waist of an infant wearer of the hood.
  • In accordance with a further feature of the present invention ear surrounds are provided for at least partially encircling the ears of the wearer of the transparent flexible hood. The ear surrounds are designed to baffle the noise of the motor of the air moving means and make it easier for the wearer to hear when spoken to.
  • The present invention will be further understood from the following detailed description of preferred embodiments thereof which is made, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings in which:
    • Figure 1 shows respiratory protective apparatus in accordance with the invention being worn by an adult,
    • Figure 2 shows respiratory protective apparatus according to the present invention being used on a baby,
    • Figure 3 shows an alternative form of flexible hood and neck seal for use in respiratory protective apparatus in accordance with the present invention,
    • Figure 4 shows a flexible hood similar to that illustrated in Figure 3 in respiratory protective apparatus according to the present invention in use on the head of an adult wearer, and
    • Figure 5 shows the respiratory protective apparatus of Figure 4 in use on an infant.
  • In the drawings the same or similar parts are designated by like reference numerals.
  • The respiratory protective apparatus illustrated in Figure 1 comprises a flexible hood 1 which is a clear lightweight hood and may be made, for example, of PVC or a bilaminar polymer, the latter being preferable if the hood is to be used for protection against nucleur, biological and chemical gases. The transparent flexible hood 1 includes a stiffer visor portion 2 for positioning in front of the face of a wearer to provide good visibility.
  • The flexible hood 1 has a neck seal 3 at its lower open end for engaging the neck of a wearer. The neck seal comprises an elasticated band 4 through which there extends a draw string 5, the ends of which are passed through a toggle 6. In the case where the flexible hood 1 is worn by an adult the elasticated band 4 of the neck seal engages the neck of the wearer to prevent noxious gases entering the hood and the draw string is not used. The neck seal may also comprise an elasticated draw string.
  • At the front of the flexible hood 1 below visor 2 the wall of the flexible hood 1 contains an aperture defined by a ring housing 14. A filter 7 and an air moving means 8, which is a unit consisting of a fan and a drive motor for the fan, are mounted in the aperture defined by the ring housing 14. The filter 7, which is preferably a nuclear, biological and chemical filter (NBC filter) is located outside the flexible hood 1 in front of the wearer's face whereas the air moving means 8 is located inside the flexible hood 1 as indicated by the dotted lines denoting the air moving means 8 in Figure 1.
  • Conveniently the filter 7 is a screw fit in the ring housing 14 and the air moving means 8 is mounted to the filter 7 by providing similar mating threads on each of the filter 7 and the air moving means 8 so that these can be simply screwed together in the aperture in the front wall of the flexible hood 1.
  • The flexible hood 1 further includes an external pocket 9 on a back wall of the hood 1, a compact power pack 10 capable of driving the air moving means 8 for a period of two hours being located in the pocket 9.
  • The power pack 10 is connected to the air moving means 8 by a short wire 11, a long wire 12 and a plug and socket device 13 of which the socket is connected by the short wire 11 to the power pack 10.
  • In operation a wearer inserts the plug in the socket of the device 13, thereby energising the air moving means 8. The hood 1 is placed over the head of the wearer and the air moving means 8 draws ambient air through the filter 7 and inflates the flexible hood 1 to maintain a reservoir of filtered air about the head of the wearer.
  • The air moving means 8 and the filter 7 are in direct communication without the interposition of an inhale valve. When the wearer exhales some of the exhaled gas may escape through the aperture defined by the ring housing 14 and through the filter 7, notwithstanding the action of the air moving means 8. Exhaled gases also escape past the neck seal 3.
  • In Figure 2 of the accompanying drawings the respiratory protective apparatus of Figure 1 is shown in use on a baby. The neck seal 3 of the hood is passed over the head, arms and shoulders of the baby, and the draw string 5 is tightened about the baby's waist and secured in the tightened position by the toggle 6.
  • In Figure 3 of the accompanying drawings there is shown an alternative embodiment of the flexible hood and neck seal for use in respiratory protective apparatus according to the present invention. The flexible hood 21 includes a stiff visor member 22 to which the flexible hood is secured in a manner to form a flat top 23 to the hood such that the visor portion stands naturally away from direct contact with the face of an adult wearer of the hood. The flexible hood 21 includes a neck seal 24 constituted by a septum of a highly elastic polymer material such as silicone, polyurethane or butyl with a small circular aperture 25 located therein. The diameter of the aperture 25 is less than the diameter of an infants′ waist or the neck of a child but the elastic polymer material of the septum 24 is sufficiently elastic to be extended readily around the neck of any adult and adequately grips the neck of any person or the waist of any infant child around which the flexible hood may be placed as shown in Figures 4 and 5 respectively.
  • The flexible hood 21 illustrated in Figure 3 includes an aperture defined by a ring housing 26 and an exhale valve 27 for releasing excess pressure generated within the hood on exhalation.
  • Referring to Figure 4 a flexible hood 21 is shown with a fan/motor unit 28 and filter 29 mounted in the aperture defined by the ring housing 26 in a similar manner to that already described with reference to Figure 1. However, in the embodiment of Figure 4 the power source comprising a number, for example four, of electric batteries is located in a housing 30 of octagonal or similar shape supported on the cooperating threaded mounting means between the fan/motor unit 28 and the filter 29.
  • The fan motor is started up by connecting together a plug and socket similar to plug and socket device 13 of the apparatus of Figure 1, before the flexible hood 21 is donned by an adult wearer, or placed over the torso of an infant child, as illustrated in Figure 5.
  • Either of the flexible transparent hoods illustrated in the accompanying drawings may be provided with ear surrounds which at least partially encircle the ears of the wearer of the transparent flexible hood.
  • The ear surrounds may be provided by external means such as a strap placeable over the head of the wearer with external ear surrounds urging the flexible hood against the ears of the wearer. Such ear surrounds having the effect of baffling the noise of the motor of the air moving means, so making it easier for the wearer of the hood to converse with another person.
  • Alternatively the ear surrounds may be incorporated in the hood itself and be fixed to the internal wall of the flexible hood with a suitable curved stiffener in the hood to maintain the ear surrounds in contact with the ears of the wearer or with the head of the wearer near the ears.
  • If the ear surrounds are urged into substantially sealing contact with the ears of the head of the wearer around the ears, the flexible hood may have an aperture at one or both ears thereby enabling speech or other sounds outside the hood to reach the wearer direct while wearing the respiratory protective apparatus.

Claims (11)

  1. Respiratory protective apparatus comprising a flexible hood (1,21) capable of enveloping the head of an adult wearer, a neck seal (3,24) at an open lower edge of the hood (1,21) for engaging the neck of an adult wearer, and means for supplying breathable gas to the interior of the hood (1,21) characterised in that the means for supplying breathable gas comprises an air moving means (8), a filter (7), and a source of power (10) connected to the air moving means (8) for driving the air moving means (8,28) to suck air from the ambient atmosphere through the filter (7,29) to fill the space within the hood (1,21), both the air moving means (8) and the filter (7) being mounted to the wall of the flexible hood (1) with the air moving means (8) located within the flexible hood (1) and the filter (7) located outside the flexible hood (1), the air moving means (8) and the filter (7) being in communication through an aperture (14,26) in the wall of the flexible hood (1).
  2. Respiratory protective apparatus according to Claim 1 characterised in that the neck seal is an elasticated band (3) having a draw string (5) passing therethrough, and a toggle (6) for securing the draw string (5) to define an opening smaller than the natural length of the elasticated band (3).
  3. Respiratory protective apparatus according to Claim 1 characterised in that the neck seal is a septum (24) of a polymer material having an elasticity high enough to provide an effective seal around necks of varying diameters and in that the hood (21) includes an exhale valve (27).
  4. Respiratory protective apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, characterised in that the filter and the air moving means each includes a threaded mounting means, one of said mounting means being internally threaded and the other of said mounting means having a corresponding external thread thus enabling the filter (7,29) and the air moving means (8,28) to be mounted in the aperture (14,26) by screwing the respective threaded mounting means into engagement.
  5. Respiratory protective apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims characterised in that the source of power (10) is carried on the head of an adult wearer wearing the flexible hood (1,21).
  6. Respiratory protective apparatus according to Claim 5 characterised in that the source of power (10) is carried in an external pocket on the wall of the flexible hood (1).
  7. Respiratory protective apparatus according to Claim 5 characterised in that the source of power (10) is carried between the filter (29) and the air moving means (28).
  8. Respiratory protective apparatus according to Claim 4 characterised in that the source of power (10) comprises a plurality of batteries mounted in a housing (30) surrounding the engaged threaded mounting means and located between the filter (29) and the aperture (26) in the hood (21).
  9. Respiratory protective apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims which further includes a plug and socket connecting means (13), one of which is connected to the source of power (10) and the other of which is connected to the air moving means (8), the plug being engagable in the socket to energise the air moving means (8).
  10. Respiratory protective apparatus which comprises:
    i) a transparent flexible hood (1,21),
    ii) a neck seal (3,24) at a lower open edge of the transparent flexible hood,
    iii) a ring housing (14,26) defining an aperture in a wall of the flexible hood (1,21),
    iv) an air moving means (8,28) comprising a fan/motor unit mounted in the ring housing (10,26) with the fan inside the transparent flexible hood (1,21) , the air moving means (8,28) having a threaded portion extending through the ring housing (14,26).
    v) a filter (7,29) having a threaded portion corresponding to the threaded portion of the air moving means (8,28), the filter (7,29) being mounted externally of the transparent flexible hood (1,21) by screwing the threaded portion of the filter (7,29) to the threaded portion of the air moving means (8,28) such that the filter (7,29) and the air moving means (8,28) are in direct communication through the aperture (14,26),
    vi) a power pack (10) supported on the hood (1,21), and
    vii) means (11,12,13) connecting the power pack (10) to the air moving means (8,28)
    whereby the air moving means (8,28) sucks air from a noxious ambient atmosphere through the filter (7,29) to fill the space within the transparent flexible hood (1,21) while the neck seal (3,24) engages the neck of an adult wearer of the hood (1,21) or the waist of an infant wearer of the hood (1,21).
  11. Respiratory protective apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims characterised in that there are further provided ear surrounds for at least partially encircling the ears of the wearer of the flexible hood.
EP19910307307 1990-08-23 1991-08-08 Respiratory protective apparatus Withdrawn EP0474372A3 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9018569 1990-08-23
GB909018569A GB9018569D0 (en) 1990-08-23 1990-08-23 Respiratory protective apparatus
GB9018681 1990-08-24
GB909018681A GB9018681D0 (en) 1990-08-24 1990-08-24 Respiratory protective apparatus

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0474372A2 true EP0474372A2 (en) 1992-03-11
EP0474372A3 EP0474372A3 (en) 1992-05-27

Family

ID=26297550

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19910307307 Withdrawn EP0474372A3 (en) 1990-08-23 1991-08-08 Respiratory protective apparatus

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0474372A3 (en)
IL (1) IL99239D0 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2699894A1 (en) * 1992-12-29 1994-07-01 De Buyer Herve Insulated container for liquid and solid food products
GB2294882A (en) * 1994-11-11 1996-05-15 Warrick Ian Gorman Self rescuer apparatus
GB2301039A (en) * 1995-05-24 1996-11-27 Protector Techn Ltd Emergency escape breathing apparatus
US6796304B2 (en) 2002-04-12 2004-09-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Personal containment system with sealed passthrough
US6948191B2 (en) 2002-04-12 2005-09-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Personal protective suit with partial flow restriction
EP2211997A2 (en) * 2007-11-20 2010-08-04 Avon Protection Systems, Inc. Modular powered air purifying respirator

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH216065A (en) * 1938-12-30 1941-07-31 Heinrich Dr Draeger Otto Device for protection of infants against chemical warfare agents.
US2896617A (en) * 1955-11-03 1959-07-28 Wesley A Gibbons Air supplied hood structure
US3033199A (en) * 1959-10-13 1962-05-08 Jacobs Clifford Roy Closure for protective device
FR2556226A1 (en) * 1983-12-09 1985-06-14 Ulmer Aeronautique Protective hood
US4583535A (en) * 1980-08-07 1986-04-22 Saffo John J Protection mask
EP0334555A2 (en) * 1988-03-21 1989-09-27 Sabre Safety Limited Breathing apparatus

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH216065A (en) * 1938-12-30 1941-07-31 Heinrich Dr Draeger Otto Device for protection of infants against chemical warfare agents.
US2896617A (en) * 1955-11-03 1959-07-28 Wesley A Gibbons Air supplied hood structure
US3033199A (en) * 1959-10-13 1962-05-08 Jacobs Clifford Roy Closure for protective device
US4583535A (en) * 1980-08-07 1986-04-22 Saffo John J Protection mask
FR2556226A1 (en) * 1983-12-09 1985-06-14 Ulmer Aeronautique Protective hood
EP0334555A2 (en) * 1988-03-21 1989-09-27 Sabre Safety Limited Breathing apparatus

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2699894A1 (en) * 1992-12-29 1994-07-01 De Buyer Herve Insulated container for liquid and solid food products
GB2294882A (en) * 1994-11-11 1996-05-15 Warrick Ian Gorman Self rescuer apparatus
GB2301039A (en) * 1995-05-24 1996-11-27 Protector Techn Ltd Emergency escape breathing apparatus
FR2734487A1 (en) * 1995-05-24 1996-11-29 Protector Technologies Limited Emergency rescue respiratory apparatus
US5690095A (en) * 1995-05-24 1997-11-25 Protector Technologies Limited Emergency escape breathing apparatus
GB2301039B (en) * 1995-05-24 1999-07-14 Protector Technologies Limited Emergency escape breathing apparatus
US6796304B2 (en) 2002-04-12 2004-09-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Personal containment system with sealed passthrough
US6948191B2 (en) 2002-04-12 2005-09-27 3M Innovative Properties Company Personal protective suit with partial flow restriction
EP2211997A2 (en) * 2007-11-20 2010-08-04 Avon Protection Systems, Inc. Modular powered air purifying respirator
EP2211997A4 (en) * 2007-11-20 2014-10-01 Avon Protection Systems Inc Modular powered air purifying respirator

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
IL99239D0 (en) 1992-07-15
EP0474372A3 (en) 1992-05-27

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