EP0389853A1 - Trestle - Google Patents

Trestle Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0389853A1
EP0389853A1 EP90104581A EP90104581A EP0389853A1 EP 0389853 A1 EP0389853 A1 EP 0389853A1 EP 90104581 A EP90104581 A EP 90104581A EP 90104581 A EP90104581 A EP 90104581A EP 0389853 A1 EP0389853 A1 EP 0389853A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
wire
rings
diameter
elements
frame according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP90104581A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0389853B1 (en
Inventor
Kurt Ziehmer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Glaser AG
Glaeser AG
Original Assignee
Glaser AG
Glaeser AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Glaser AG, Glaeser AG filed Critical Glaser AG
Priority to AT90104581T priority Critical patent/ATE69849T1/en
Publication of EP0389853A1 publication Critical patent/EP0389853A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0389853B1 publication Critical patent/EP0389853B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/32Columns; Pillars; Struts of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C3/08Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with apertured web, e.g. with a web consisting of bar-like components; Honeycomb girders
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
    • E04C2003/0408Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by assembly or the cross-section
    • E04C2003/0413Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by assembly or the cross-section being built up from several parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
    • E04C2003/0426Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by material distribution in cross section
    • E04C2003/043Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by material distribution in cross section the hollow cross-section comprising at least one enclosed cavity
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
    • E04C2003/0443Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by substantial shape of the cross-section
    • E04C2003/0447Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by substantial shape of the cross-section circular- or oval-shaped
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/34Branched
    • Y10T403/341Three or more radiating members
    • Y10T403/342Polyhedral
    • Y10T403/343Unilateral of plane

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to a frame with supporting elements according to the preamble of claim 1.
  • Supporting elements of this type are known, for example, from Swiss Patent No. 560 350. Similar supporting elements are also described in German Patent Application No. 2236086. In this also means for connecting the support elements are specified. These agents are relatively cumbersome to use and give the entire structure an aesthetically unappealing appearance.
  • the object of the invention is above all to provide means for connecting the support elements which, with simple handling, enable a versatile and variable structure of the frame and give the frame an overall aesthetically satisfactory impression. According to the invention, this object is achieved by a frame having the features of patent claim 1.
  • the same wire is preferably used for the end rings as for the wire helix.
  • the diameter of the end rings is further preferably selected so that it corresponds to the diameter of the wire coil at its ends.
  • the wire helix is preferably stiffened by four elongated stiffening wires or by four pairs of elongated stiffening wires, which are arranged on the circumference of the wire helix with the same mutual spacing in each case.
  • the pitch of the helix is preferably chosen to be approximately equal to its diameter.
  • the diameter of the wire helix is preferably approximately 23: 1 to the diameter of the wire used for it and to approximately 30: 1 to the diameter of the stiffening wires, the diameter of the helix preferably being selected to be approximately 45 mm.
  • the support elements are preferably rotationally symmetrical about their longitudinal axis, in particular cylindrical.
  • the two ends of the wire helix preferably coincide with a point of contact with one of the stiffening wires.
  • the diameter of the wire rings of the node elements preferably corresponds to the diameter of the end rings of the wire helix.
  • the tension rings can advantageously be provided on their outer circumference with two circumferential grooves spaced apart from one another and at least partially receiving and fixing the wire rings of the node elements on the one hand and the end rings of the support elements on the other.
  • end elements that can be inserted into the clamping rings, which can be fixed in place by twisting them, which can be used as holding elements, for example for screwing the frame onto the floor, on a wall or a ceiling or for attaching electrical connection means.
  • FIG. 1 three identical support elements are designated by 1, which are each connected at right angles via a node element 2.
  • a support element 1 is shown again in FIG. 2.
  • the support elements consist essentially of a cylindrical wire coil 1.1, which is stiffened by elongated stiffening wires 1.2 or pairs of stiffening wires 1.2 (FIG. 1).
  • the wire helix and the stiffening wires are firmly connected to one another, the connection preferably being a welded or spot-welded connection.
  • the support elements are closed on both sides by end rings, which are designated 1.3.
  • the two ends of the wire coil 1.1 each coincide with a point of contact with one of the stiffening wires 1.2.
  • the node element 2 is a cube for a right-angled connection of several support elements 1 to one another. It consists of a total of six rings, of which only one is designated as 2.1 in FIG. 1.
  • the six rings 2.1 are firmly connected to one another at their mutual points of contact, such as at point 2.2, preferably again by a welded connection.
  • the diameter of the rings corresponds to that of the end rings 1.2 of the support elements, the diameter of which in turn corresponds to that of the wire helix 1.1.
  • Clamping rings serve as connecting elements between the supporting elements 1 and the node element 2.
  • the clamping rings 3 consist of two parts 3.1 and 3.2.
  • the clamping rings On their inner circumference, the clamping rings have diametrically opposite webs 3.3 and 3.4, in which threaded holes 3.5 and 3.6 are provided for receiving threaded bolts or clamping screws.
  • the clamping rings On their outer circumference are the clamping rings with two circumferential grooves 3.7 for receiving and fixing the end rings 1.3 of the support elements 1.1 on the one hand and the rings 2.1 of the node elements on the other.
  • FIG. 5 shows an end element 4 that can be inserted into the tension ring 3 of FIGS. 3 and 4.
  • this has the shape and size of the free interior of the tension ring 3, designated 3.6 in FIG. 3, and is therefore in this applicable.
  • the end element is rotated after it has been inserted into the interior 3.6 mentioned, the two webs 3.3 and 3.4 of the clamping ring engage in corresponding recesses 4.1 and 4.2 on the circumference of the end element, as a result of which the latter is clamped in the clamping ring.
  • locking cams (not shown in the drawings) can be provided in order to secure the end element in the rotated position.
  • 4.3 also designates a bore provided in the end element, which can serve, for example, to hold a screw if the frame according to the invention is to be screwed on somewhere.

Abstract

The trestle possesses supporting elements (1) which consist essentially of a wire spiral (1.1) which is reinforced by a plurality of elongated reinforcing wires (1.2) which extend in the longitudinal direction or direction of helix of the wire spiral, are arranged at its periphery and are in each case firmly connected to it at the mutual contact points (1.4). The supporting elements are closed on both sides by one closing ring (1.3) in each case. Nodal elements (2), which have the form of a regular polyhedron and consist of a plurality of wire rings (2.1) which are arranged on the polyhedron boundary surfaces, are in mutual contact in pairs on the polyhedron edges, and are firmly connected to one another at the mutual contact points (2.2), serve to connect the ends of two or more supporting elements to one another. To connect the nodal elements to the ends of the supporting elements, clamping rings (3), which can be inserted, on the one hand, into the wire rings of the nodal elements and, on the other hand, into the closing rings of the supporting elements are provided. <IMAGE>

Description

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft ein Gestell mit Trag­elementen gemäss dem Oberbegriff des Patentanspruchs 1. Tragelemente dieser Art sind beispielsweise bekannt aus der schweizerischen Patentschrift Nr. 560 350. Ähnliche Tragelemente sind auch in der deutschen Auslegeschrift Nr. 2236086 beschrieben. In dieser sind auch Mittel zur Verbindung der Tragelemente angegeben. Diese Mittel sind relativ umständlich zu handhaben und verleihen dem gesamten Aufbau ein in ästhetischer Hinsicht wenig ansprechendes Aussehen.The present invention relates to a frame with supporting elements according to the preamble of claim 1. Supporting elements of this type are known, for example, from Swiss Patent No. 560 350. Similar supporting elements are also described in German Patent Application No. 2236086. In this also means for connecting the support elements are specified. These agents are relatively cumbersome to use and give the entire structure an aesthetically unappealing appearance.

Aufgabe der Erfindung ist es vor allem, Mittel zur Verbindung der Tragelemente anzugeben, welche bei einfacher Handhabung einen vielseitigen und variablen Aufbau des Gestells ermöglichen und dem Gestell insgesamt einen ästhetisch befriedigenden Eindruck verleihen. Diese Aufgabe wird erfindungsgemäss gelöst durch ein Gestell mit den Merkmalen des Patentanspruchs 1.The object of the invention is above all to provide means for connecting the support elements which, with simple handling, enable a versatile and variable structure of the frame and give the frame an overall aesthetically satisfactory impression. According to the invention, this object is achieved by a frame having the features of patent claim 1.

Vorteilhafte sowie bevorzugte Ausgestaltungen des erfindungs­gemässen Gestells sind in den abhängigen Ansprüchen gekennzeichnet.Advantageous and preferred configurations of the frame according to the invention are characterized in the dependent claims.

So ist für die Abschlussringe vorzugsweise der gleiche Draht wie für die Drahtwendel verwendet. Der Durchmesser der Abschlussringe ist weiter vorzugsweise so gewählt, dass er dem Durchmesser der Drahtwendel an ihren Enden entspricht.The same wire is preferably used for the end rings as for the wire helix. The diameter of the end rings is further preferably selected so that it corresponds to the diameter of the wire coil at its ends.

Die Drahtwendel ist vorzugsweise durch vier langgestreckte Versteifungsdrähte oder durch vier Paare von langgestreckten Versteifungsdrähten versteift, welche am Umfang der Drahtwendel mit jeweils gleichem gegenseitigem Abstand angeordnet sind. Die Steigung der Wendel ist vorzugsweise etwa gleich ihrem Durchmesser gewählt.The wire helix is preferably stiffened by four elongated stiffening wires or by four pairs of elongated stiffening wires, which are arranged on the circumference of the wire helix with the same mutual spacing in each case. The pitch of the helix is preferably chosen to be approximately equal to its diameter.

Der Durchmesser der Drahtwendel verhält sich zum Durchmesser des für sie verwendeten Drahtes vorzugsweise etwa wie 23:1 und zum Durchmesser der Versteifungsdrähte etwa wie 30:1, wobei der Druchmesser der Wendel vorzugsweise etwa zu 45 mm gewählt ist.The diameter of the wire helix is preferably approximately 23: 1 to the diameter of the wire used for it and to approximately 30: 1 to the diameter of the stiffening wires, the diameter of the helix preferably being selected to be approximately 45 mm.

Die Tragelemente sind um ihre Längsachse vorzugsweise rotationssymmetrisch, insbesondere zylindrisch.The support elements are preferably rotationally symmetrical about their longitudinal axis, in particular cylindrical.

Die beiden Enden der Drahtwendel fallen vorzugsweise jeweils mit einem Berührungspunkt mit einem der Versteifungsdrähte zusammen.The two ends of the wire helix preferably coincide with a point of contact with one of the stiffening wires.

Der Durchmesser der Drahtringe der Knotenelemente entspricht vorzugsweise dem Durchmesser der Abschlussringe der Drahtwendel.The diameter of the wire rings of the node elements preferably corresponds to the diameter of the end rings of the wire helix.

Die Spannringe können an ihrem äusseren Umfang mit Vorteil mit zwei mit Abstand voneinander parallel zueinander verlaufenden Umfangsnuten zur zumindest teilweisen Aufnahme und Fixierung der Drahtringe der Knotenelemente einerseits und der Abschlussringe der Tragelemente andererseits versehen sein.The tension rings can advantageously be provided on their outer circumference with two circumferential grooves spaced apart from one another and at least partially receiving and fixing the wire rings of the node elements on the one hand and the end rings of the support elements on the other.

Schliesslich können auch noch in die Spannringe einsetzbare, vorzugsweise durch Verdrehen in diesen fixierbare Abschlusselemente vorgesehen sein, welche als Halterungselemente beispielsweise zum Anschrauben des Gestells auf dem Boden, an einer Wand oder einer Decke oder auch zum Anbringen von elektrischen Anschlussmitteln verwendet werden können.Finally, it is also possible to provide end elements that can be inserted into the clamping rings, which can be fixed in place by twisting them, which can be used as holding elements, for example for screwing the frame onto the floor, on a wall or a ceiling or for attaching electrical connection means.

Nachstehend wird ein Ausführungsbeispiel der Erfindung anhand der beigefügten Zeichnungen erläutert. In diesen zeigt:

  • Fig. 1 in perspektivischer Darstellung eine Ecke eines Gestells nach der Erfindung, wobei die Endabschnitte von drei Tragelementen und ein Knotenelement zu erkennen sind,
  • Fig. 2 ebenfalls in perspektivischer Darstellung ein Trägerelement für ein Gestell nach der Erfindung,
  • Fig. 3 in Aufsicht einen Spannring zur Verbindung von Träger- und Knotenelementen,
  • Fig. 4 die obere Hälfte des Spannrings von Fig. 3 im Grundriss, und
  • Fig. 5 in geschnittener Darstellung ein in den Spannring von Fig. 3 bzw. 4 einsetzbares Abschlusselement.
An embodiment of the invention is explained below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In these shows:
  • 1 is a perspective view of a corner of a frame according to the invention, the end portions of three support elements and a node element can be seen,
  • 2 is also a perspective view of a support element for a frame according to the invention,
  • 3 is a top view of a clamping ring for connecting support and node elements,
  • Fig. 4 shows the upper half of the clamping ring of Fig. 3 in plan, and
  • Fig. 5 in a sectional view an insertable in the clamping ring of Fig. 3 or 4.

In den Figuren sind übereinstimmende Teile mit den gleichen Bezugszeichen versehen.In the figures, identical parts are provided with the same reference symbols.

In Fig. 1 sind mit 1 drei gleiche Tragelemente bezeichnet, welche über ein Knotenelement 2 jeweils im rechten Winkel miteinander verbunden sind. Ein Tragelement 1 ist in Fig. 2 nochmals für sich dargestellt. Die Tragelemente bestehen im wesentlichen aus einer zylindrischen Drahtwendel 1.1, welche durch langgestreckte Versteifungsdrähte 1.2 bzw. Paare von Versteifungsdrähten 1.2 (Fig. 1) versteift ist. An den gegenseitigen Berührungspunkten, wie beispielsweise beim Berührungspunkt 1.4 (Fig. 2) sind die Drahtwendel und die Versteifungsdrähte fest miteinander verbunden, wobei die Verbindung vorzugsweise eine Schweiss- bzw. Punktschweiss­verbindung ist. Abgeschlossen werden die Tragelemente jeweils beidseitig durch Abschlussringe, welche mit 1.3 bezeichnet sind. Die beiden Enden der Drahtwendel 1.1 fallen jeweils mit einem Berührungspunkt mit einem der Versteifungsdrähte 1.2 zusammen.In Fig. 1, three identical support elements are designated by 1, which are each connected at right angles via a node element 2. A support element 1 is shown again in FIG. 2. The support elements consist essentially of a cylindrical wire coil 1.1, which is stiffened by elongated stiffening wires 1.2 or pairs of stiffening wires 1.2 (FIG. 1). At the mutual points of contact, such as at point of contact 1.4 (FIG. 2), the wire helix and the stiffening wires are firmly connected to one another, the connection preferably being a welded or spot-welded connection. The support elements are closed on both sides by end rings, which are designated 1.3. The two ends of the wire coil 1.1 each coincide with a point of contact with one of the stiffening wires 1.2.

Das Knotenelement 2 ist im gewählten Beispielsfall, für eine rechtwinklige Verbindung mehrerer Tragelemente 1 miteinander, ein Würfel. Es besteht aus insgesamt sechs Ringen, von denen in Fig. 1 nur einer mit 2.1 bezeichnet ist. Die sechs Ringe 2.1 sind an ihren gegenseitigen Berührungspunkten, wie beispielsweise am Punkt 2.2, miteinander fest verbunden, vorzugsweise wieder durch eine Schweissverbindung. Der Durchmesser der Ringe entspricht demjenigen der Abschlussringe 1.2 der Tragelemente, wobei deren Durchmesser wiederum mit dem der Drahtwendel 1.1 übereinstimmt.In the selected example, the node element 2 is a cube for a right-angled connection of several support elements 1 to one another. It consists of a total of six rings, of which only one is designated as 2.1 in FIG. 1. The six rings 2.1 are firmly connected to one another at their mutual points of contact, such as at point 2.2, preferably again by a welded connection. The diameter of the rings corresponds to that of the end rings 1.2 of the support elements, the diameter of which in turn corresponds to that of the wire helix 1.1.

Als Verbindungselemente zwischen den Tragelementen 1 und dem Knotenelement 2 dienen Spannringe. In Fig. 1 ist nur einer der Spannringe mit 3 bezeichnet. Wie in Fig. 3 und 4 zu erkennen, bestehen die Spannringe 3 aus zwei Teilen 3.1 und 3.2. An ihrem inneren Umfang weisen die Spannringe sich diametral gegenüber­liegende Stege 3.3 und 3.4 auf, in welchen Gewindebohrungen 3.5 und 3.6 für die Aufnahme von Gewindebolzen bzw. Spannschrauben vorgesehen sind. An ihrem äusseren Umfang sind die Spannringe mit zwei umlaufenden Nuten 3.7 zur Aufnahme und Fixierung der Abschlussringe 1.3 der Tragelemente 1.1 einerseits bzw. der Ringe 2.1 der Knotenelemente andererseits.Clamping rings serve as connecting elements between the supporting elements 1 and the node element 2. In Fig. 1, only one of the clamping rings is designated 3. As can be seen in FIGS. 3 and 4, the clamping rings 3 consist of two parts 3.1 and 3.2. On their inner circumference, the clamping rings have diametrically opposite webs 3.3 and 3.4, in which threaded holes 3.5 and 3.6 are provided for receiving threaded bolts or clamping screws. On their outer circumference are the clamping rings with two circumferential grooves 3.7 for receiving and fixing the end rings 1.3 of the support elements 1.1 on the one hand and the rings 2.1 of the node elements on the other.

Fig. 5 zeigt schliesslich noch ein in den Spannring 3 von Fig. 3 bzw. 4 einsetzbares Abschlusselement 4. In Aufsicht weist dieses die Form und die Grösse des in Fig. 3 mit 3.6 bezeichneten freien Innenraumes des Spannringes 3 auf und ist insofern in diesen einsetzbar. Bei Verdrehen des Abschluss­elementes nach dessen Einsetzen in den genannten Innenraum 3.6 greifen die beiden Stege 3.3 und 3.4 des Spannringes in entsprechende Ausnehmungen 4.1 und 4.2 am Umfang des Abschluss­elementes ein, wodurch dieses im Spannring eingeklemmt wird. Es können zusätzlich noch in den Zeichnungen nicht dargestellte Rastnocken vorgesehen sein, um das Abschlusselement in der verdrehten Stellung zu sichern. Mit 4.3 ist noch eine im Abschlusselement vorgesehene Bohrung bezeichnet, welche beispielsweise zur Aufnahme einer Schraube dienen kann, wenn das erfindungsgemässe Gestell irgendwo angeschraubt werden soll.Finally, FIG. 5 shows an end element 4 that can be inserted into the tension ring 3 of FIGS. 3 and 4. When viewed from above, this has the shape and size of the free interior of the tension ring 3, designated 3.6 in FIG. 3, and is therefore in this applicable. When the end element is rotated after it has been inserted into the interior 3.6 mentioned, the two webs 3.3 and 3.4 of the clamping ring engage in corresponding recesses 4.1 and 4.2 on the circumference of the end element, as a result of which the latter is clamped in the clamping ring. In addition, locking cams (not shown in the drawings) can be provided in order to secure the end element in the rotated position. 4.3 also designates a bore provided in the end element, which can serve, for example, to hold a screw if the frame according to the invention is to be screwed on somewhere.

Claims (10)

1. Gestell mit Tragelementen (1), welche im wesentlichen aus einer Drahtwendel (1.1) bestehen, die durch mehrere in ihrer Längs- oder Steigungsrichtung verlaufende, an ihrem Umfang angeordnete, mit ihr an den gegenseitigen Berührungspunkten (1.4) jeweils fest verbundene, langgestreckte Versteifungsdrähte (1.2) versteift ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Tragelemente beidseitig durch jeweils einen Abschlussring (1.3) abgeschlossen sind, dass zur Verbindung der Enden von zwei oder mehr Tragelementen miteinander Knotenelemente (2) vorgesehen sind, welche die Form eines regulären Polyeders aufweisen und aus mehreren, auf den Polyederbegrenzungsflächen angeordneten, sich paarweise auf den Polyederkanten gegenseitig berührenden und an den gegenseitigen Berührungspunkten (2.2) miteinander fest verbundenen Drahtringen (2.1) bestehen und dass Spannringe (3) zur Verbindung der Knotenelemente mit den Enden der Tragelemente vorgesehen sind, welche einerseits in die Drahtringe der Knotenelemente und andererseits in die Abschlussringe der Tragelemente einsetzbar sind.1. Frame with support elements (1), which consist essentially of a wire helix (1.1), the elongated by several in their longitudinal or incline direction, arranged on their circumference, with it at the mutual contact points (1.4) Stiffening wires (1.2) is stiffened, characterized in that the support elements are closed on both sides by a respective end ring (1.3), that node elements (2) are provided to connect the ends of two or more support elements, which have the shape of a regular polyhedron and consist of several wire rings (2.1) arranged on the polyhedron boundary surfaces, which contact each other in pairs on the polyhedron edges and are firmly connected to each other at the mutual contact points (2.2) and that tension rings (3) are provided for connecting the node elements to the ends of the support elements, which on the one hand in the wire rings of the knots elements and on the other hand can be used in the end rings of the support elements. 2. Gestell nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass für die Abschlussringe der Tragelemente vorzugsweise der gleiche Draht wie für die Drahtwendel verwendet ist und der Durchmesser der Abschlussringe weiter vorzugsweise dem Durchmesser der Drahtwendel an ihren Enden entspricht.2. Frame according to claim 1, characterized in that preferably the same wire is used for the end rings of the support elements as for the wire helix and the diameter of the end rings further preferably corresponds to the diameter of the wire helix at its ends. 3. Gestell nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Drahtwendel durch vorzugsweise vier langgestreckte Versteifungsdrähte oder durch vier Paare von langgestreckten Versteifungsdrähten versteift ist, welche am Umfang der Drahtwendel mit jeweils gleichem gegenseitigem Abstand angeordnet sind.3. Frame according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the wire coil is stiffened by preferably four elongated stiffening wires or by four pairs of elongated stiffening wires, which are arranged on the circumference of the wire coil with the same mutual spacing. 4. Gestell nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Steigung der Wendel etwa gleich ihrem Durchmesser ist.4. Frame according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the pitch of the helix is approximately equal to its diameter. 5. Gestell nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Durchmesser der Drahtwendel sich zum Durchmesser des für sie verwendeten Drahtes etwa wie 23:1 und zum Durchmesser der Versteifungsdrähte etwa wie 30:1 verhält, wobei der Durchmesser der Wendel vorzugsweise etwa zu 45 mm gewählt ist.5. Frame according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the diameter of the wire coil is about 23: 1 to the diameter of the wire used for it and about 30: 1 to the diameter of the stiffening wires, the diameter of the coil preferably approximately 45 mm is selected. 6. Gestell nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Tragelemente um ihre Längsachse rotationssymmetrisch, insbesondere zylindrisch sind.6. Frame according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the support elements are rotationally symmetrical, in particular cylindrical, about their longitudinal axis. 7. Gestell nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die beiden Enden der Drahtwendel vorzugsweise jeweils mit einem Berührungspunkt mit einem der Versteifungsdrähte zusammenfallen.7. Frame according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the two ends of the wire helix preferably coincide with one point of contact with one of the stiffening wires. 8. Gestell nach einem der Ansprüche 1 und 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Durchmesser der Drahtringe der Knotenelemente dem Durchmesser der Abschlussringe der Drahtwendel entspricht.8. Frame according to one of claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the diameter of the wire rings of the node elements corresponds to the diameter of the end rings of the wire helix. 9. Gestell nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Spannringe an ihrem äusseren Umfang mit zwei mit Abstand voneinander parallel zueinander verlaufenden Umfangsnuten (3.7) zur zumindest teilweisen Aufnahme und Fixierung der Drahtringe der Knotenelemente einerseits und der Abschlussringe der Tragelemente andererseits versehen sind.9. Frame according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the clamping rings on their outer circumference with two mutually parallel circumferential grooves (3.7) for at least partially receiving and fixing the wire rings of the node elements on the one hand and the end rings of the support elements on the other are provided. 10. Gestell nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass in die Spannringe einsetzbare, vorzugsweise durch Verdrehen in diesen fixierbare Abschlusselemente vorgesehen sind.10. Frame according to one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that in the clamping rings insertable, preferably by twisting in these locking elements are provided.
EP90104581A 1989-03-28 1990-03-10 Trestle Expired - Lifetime EP0389853B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT90104581T ATE69849T1 (en) 1989-03-28 1990-03-10 FRAME.

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

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DE3910085A DE3910085A1 (en) 1989-03-28 1989-03-28 FRAME
DE3910085 1989-03-28

Publications (2)

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EP0389853A1 true EP0389853A1 (en) 1990-10-03
EP0389853B1 EP0389853B1 (en) 1991-11-27

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ID=6377343

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EP90104581A Expired - Lifetime EP0389853B1 (en) 1989-03-28 1990-03-10 Trestle

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US (1) US4984407A (en)
EP (1) EP0389853B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH03117708A (en)
AT (1) ATE69849T1 (en)
DE (2) DE3910085A1 (en)

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US20090113816A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2009-05-07 Jean-Christophe Jacques Kling Architectural system using a retractable strut aligned in a base plane and an extension strut protruding acutely from the base plane
TR200300802A2 (en) * 2003-06-03 2005-01-24 Attaroğlu/İnşaat Yüksek Müh. Alai̇tti̇n The method of stabilizing the spirals with blades.
CA2920829A1 (en) 2015-02-13 2016-08-13 Benjamin J. Valum Apparatus and method for training plants

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CN105987269A (en) * 2015-03-16 2016-10-05 通用汽车环球科技运作有限责任公司 Primary formed part for transmitting operating torques

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE3910085A1 (en) 1990-10-04
JPH03117708A (en) 1991-05-20
US4984407A (en) 1991-01-15
DE59000013D1 (en) 1992-01-09
EP0389853B1 (en) 1991-11-27
ATE69849T1 (en) 1991-12-15

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