EP0344597A2 - Cylinder head for an internal-combustion engine - Google Patents

Cylinder head for an internal-combustion engine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0344597A2
EP0344597A2 EP89109344A EP89109344A EP0344597A2 EP 0344597 A2 EP0344597 A2 EP 0344597A2 EP 89109344 A EP89109344 A EP 89109344A EP 89109344 A EP89109344 A EP 89109344A EP 0344597 A2 EP0344597 A2 EP 0344597A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
cylinder head
shaft
cover
control
shaft pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP89109344A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0344597A3 (en
EP0344597B1 (en
Inventor
Paul Rosche
Wolfgang Ruffing
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bayerische Motoren Werke AG
Original Assignee
Bayerische Motoren Werke AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE3818634 priority Critical
Priority to DE3818634 priority
Application filed by Bayerische Motoren Werke AG filed Critical Bayerische Motoren Werke AG
Publication of EP0344597A2 publication Critical patent/EP0344597A2/en
Publication of EP0344597A3 publication Critical patent/EP0344597A3/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0344597B1 publication Critical patent/EP0344597B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01LCYCLICALLY OPERATING VALVES FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01L1/00Valve-gear or valve arrangements, e.g. lift-valve gear
    • F01L1/02Valve drive
    • F01L1/04Valve drive by means of cams, camshafts, cam discs, eccentrics or the like
    • F01L1/047Camshafts
    • F01L1/053Camshafts overhead type
    • F01L1/0532Camshafts overhead type the cams being directly in contact with the driven valve
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01LCYCLICALLY OPERATING VALVES FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01L1/00Valve-gear or valve arrangements, e.g. lift-valve gear
    • F01L1/26Valve-gear or valve arrangements, e.g. lift-valve gear characterised by the provision of two or more valves operated simultaneously by same transmitting-gear; peculiar to machines or engines with more than two lift-valves per cylinder
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F1/242Arrangement of spark plugs or injectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F1/42Shape or arrangement of intake or exhaust channels in cylinder heads
    • F02F1/4214Shape or arrangement of intake or exhaust channels in cylinder heads specially adapted for four or more valves per cylinder
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F7/00Casings, e.g. crankcases or frames
    • F02F7/006Camshaft or pushrod housings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B1/00Engines characterised by fuel-air mixture compression
    • F02B1/02Engines characterised by fuel-air mixture compression with positive ignition
    • F02B1/04Engines characterised by fuel-air mixture compression with positive ignition with fuel-air mixture admission into cylinder
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B2275/00Other engines, components or details, not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F02B2275/18DOHC [Double overhead camshaft]
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02FCYLINDERS, PISTONS OR CASINGS, FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02F1/00Cylinders; Cylinder heads
    • F02F1/24Cylinder heads
    • F02F2001/244Arrangement of valve stems in cylinder heads
    • F02F2001/245Arrangement of valve stems in cylinder heads the valve stems being orientated at an angle with the cylinder axis

Abstract

To obtain a cylinder head of narrow construction and a small acute angle of valves arranged in a V in the case of a cylinder head with cover for internal-combustion engines with valve timing gear arranged in the cylinder head and a well, arranged between the valves of a combustion chamber, for the arrangement of a spark plug or an injection nozzle, it is proposed that a component serving for the arrangement of valve timing elements in the cylinder head be connectable to the cylinder head via a well tube. <IMAGE>

Description

    The invention is based on the preamble of claim 1 from DE-A-36 38 765.
  • To achieve high performance, internal combustion engines are equipped with a plurality of intake and exhaust valves per cylinder arranged in the cylinder head. In order to achieve a rigid valve drive, the hanging valves are actuated via overhead control shafts, the control shafts per cylinder being mounted between the inlet and outlet valves thereof. To reduce the overall height of the cylinder head, the control shaft bearings are split, the separate bearing caps being fastened on both sides of the respective control shaft by means of screw bolts. Between the control shaft bearings arranged in a common transverse plane of the cylinder head, in the case of mixture-compressing internal combustion engines, a spark plug is arranged in a shaft in the region of the cylinder axis in order to achieve favorable charge combustion and is accessible via an opening in the cover of the cylinder head.
  • In the cylinder head according to the document DE-A 36 38 765 mentioned at the outset, the shaft is partially formed by a shaft pipe which penetrates the cover of the cylinder head via the opening. object of this document is to make the passage of the shaft pipe through the cylinder head cover, which is formed with play, in an oil-tight manner. In particular, an elastic sealing ring is proposed for this purpose, which is pressed against the cylinder head cover by means of a nut arranged on the shaft pipe.
  • In contrast, the problem underlying the application relates to the fact that, as shown in Fig. 1 of the already mentioned DE-OS 36 38 765, a considerable amount of space is required for the arrangement of the fastening devices of the separate bearing caps between the respective control shaft and the spark plug shaft is. This leads disadvantageously to a wide-headed cylinder head with additional weight resulting from greater material expenditure and larger, filled cooling rooms. Furthermore, the acute valve angle between the inlet and outlet valves is still relatively large.
  • The invention has for its object to provide a configuration for a cylinder head of the type described above, through which a narrow cylinder head can be reached.
  • This object is achieved in that a component serving to arrange valve control elements in the cylinder head is connected to the cylinder head via the shaft pipe. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the shaft pipe is used to fasten a common bearing cover for the split bearings arranged in a transverse plane for control shafts provided on both sides of the shaft pipe. In a further embodiment of the invention, the shaft pipe can be used to fasten a control housing separate from the cylinder head, the indirect one Attachment via the common bearing cover for the control shaft bearing is preferred.
  • The basic idea of the invention is not a common cover for two control shaft bearings with a central screw connection per se, as is known, for example, from DE-C 36 41 129, but rather the design of a shaft pipe that continues the shaft for central holding down or fastening of at least one common bearing cover. With the invention, the mutual spacing of the control shafts can be significantly reduced, whereby the width of the cylinder head is narrower. Furthermore, the angle between the intake and exhaust valves can be made even more acute with the advantage of a flat, compact combustion chamber trough in the cylinder head. In particular, a 4-valve engine with a very flat roof combustion chamber can be achieved with the invention. The invention can thus also be used both in a mixture-compressing internal combustion engine and in an air-compressing internal combustion engine with direct injection.
  • Preferred embodiments of the invention are shown in the drawing. Show it:
    • 1 shows a cylinder head with a cover in cross-section, a common bearing cover for control shafts arranged on both sides of the shaft pipe being held down in the center by a clamping nut interacting with the shaft pipe,
    • Fig. 2 shows a further half of the cylinder head shown in cross section, in which a cylinder head cover, a common bearing cover and one of the cylin over the shaft pipe derkopf separate control housing are held down, and
    • Fig. 3 in cross section a half cylinder head with a separate control housing and common bearing cover, the shaft pipe acting essentially directly on the bearing cover.
  • In an internal combustion engine 1 (not shown in detail), a cylinder head 3 is assigned to a cylinder 2. The cylinder head 3 is equipped with paired and suspended intake valves 4 and paired and suspended exhaust valves 5. The inlet valves 4 are actuated by a control shaft 6 and the exhaust valves 5 are actuated by a control shaft 7. The control shafts 6 and 7 are mounted in bearings 8 and 9, the bearings 8 and 9 being arranged in a common transverse plane between the two inlet valves 4 and the two outlet valves 5 in order to achieve a rigid valve train. To reduce the overall height of the cylinder head 3, the control shaft bearings 8 and 9 are formed divided, the lower bearing halves 8 'and 9' are each an integral part of a control housing 19 integrally connected to the cylinder head 3. Between the control shaft bearings 8 and 9, the mixture-compressing internal combustion engine 1 has a spark plug 11 which is arranged in the region of the cylinder axis 10 and which is arranged in a shaft 12 formed in the cylinder head 3 in order to achieve favorable charge combustion.
  • A shaft pipe 14 is provided to continue the shaft 12 beyond the cylinder head cover 13. The shaft pipe 14 is fixed in the cylinder head 3 against rotation. In its other, opposite end area passes through the shaft pipe 14 with play a bearing cover 15 common to both control shaft bearings 8 and 9. In the area of the bearing cover 15 common to both control shaft bearings 8 and 9, the shaft pipe 14 has on its outer circumference a thread 16 for a clamping nut 17. The clamping nut 17 serves to hold down or fasten the common bearing cover 15, which is additionally fastened in its free end regions.
  • The control shafts 6 and 7 are arranged closely adjacent to the shaft pipe 14 or the central fastening point in the area of the clamping nut 17, whereby on the one hand a narrow cylinder head 3 and on the other hand a very acute valve angle between the inlet valves 4 and the outlet valves 5 is achieved. When the spark plug 11 is arranged in the middle, this results in a very flat roof combustion chamber 18. In order to achieve a valve control suitable for high speeds, the inlet valves 4 and the outlet valves 5 are actuated by tappets 20 from the control shafts 6 and 7, the tappets 20 in Guides 21 of the one-piece with the cylinder head 3 control housing 19 are arranged.
  • For an air-compressing internal combustion engine 1, an injection nozzle (not shown) takes the place of the spark plug 11.
  • The cylinder head 22 shown in half in cross section in FIG. 2 is equipped with a separate control housing 23. The control housing 23 is used to arrange guides for plungers which interact with valves, not shown, as are shown, for example, in FIG. 1. The separate control housing 23 further comprises the lower half of a split bearing 24 for a control shaft, not shown. A common bearing cover 26 is assigned to the control shaft bearings 24 arranged on both sides of a shaft pipe 25 in a transverse plane and formed in a single or in two control housings 23. The bearing cover 26 is penetrated by a shaft pipe 25 designed as a collar bushing, which further penetrates a cover 27 of the cylinder head 22. The shaft pipe 25 is provided at its end on the cover side with a stop collar 28 which acts on the cover 27 via an elastic intermediate layer 29. Furthermore, a pressure ring 30 arranged coaxially with the intermediate layer 29 is provided between the stop collar 28 and the common bearing cover 26 of the control shaft bearings 24. Furthermore, the shaft pipe 25 on the stop collar 28 is designed with tool engagement surfaces to bring about a releasable connection of the shaft pipe 25 via a thread 31 in the cylinder head 22. With the arrangement described above, multiple fastening via the shaft pipe 25 is achieved, with an oil-tight seal at the same time the shaft pipe 25 and the cylinder head cover 27 is reached.
  • A cylinder head 32 shown in half in cross section in FIG. 3 is equipped with a shaft pipe 33 designed as a collar bushing. This shaft pipe 33 acts essentially directly on the common bearing cover 35 of control shaft bearings 36 arranged in a transverse plane via a clamping head 34. The end of the clamping head 34 also interacts with an elastic seal 38 arranged between the latter and a cylinder head cover 37. In the arrangement described above, the shaft pipe 33 serves to fix a common bearing cover 35 and a control housing 39 arranged separately from the cylinder head 32.
  • A common feature of the cylinder heads 22 and 32 of FIGS. 2 and 3 is that the shaft is formed by two shaft pipes 40 and 25 or 40 and 33, the shaft pipe 40 arranged adjacent to a combustion chamber 41 being fixed in the cylinder head 22 and 32 is. For detachable connection to the respective shaft pipe 25 or 33, the shaft pipe 40 on the combustion chamber side has an internal thread 42. This arrangement of shaft pipes made of high-strength iron materials is particularly useful for light metal cylinder heads.
  • The fastening arrangements described in FIGS. 2 and 3 can be replaced by the fastening arrangement shown in FIG. 1, furthermore the fastening arrangements shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 are also suitable for an arrangement in the cylinder head 3 of FIG. 1.
  • For an air-compressing internal combustion engine, an injection nozzle occurs on the spark plug 11 shown in FIG. 1.

Claims (8)

1. cylinder head with cover for internal combustion engines,
- The is equipped with hanging gas exchange valves (4,5), and
- Between the valves of a combustion chamber (18, 41) has a shaft (12) for receiving a device connected to the combustion chamber (spark plug 11, injection nozzle), wherein
- The shaft accessible via an opening in the cover (13, 27, 37) is at least partially formed by a shaft pipe (14, 25, 33),
- which is used to attach a component detachably arranged on the cylinder head (3,22,32) via an additive,
characterized,
- That one of the arrangement of valve control elements (control shafts 6,7; tappet 20) in the cylinder head (3,22,32) serving component (control shaft bearing cover 15,26,35; control housing 23, 39) via the shaft pipe (14,25, 33) is connected to the cylinder head.
2. Cylinder head according to claim 1,
- With control shafts (6,7) provided on both sides of the shaft pipe (14, 25, 33) in a transverse plane (8,9; 24; 36),
characterized,
- That the shaft pipe (14,25,33) serves to fasten a common bearing cover (15,26,35) for the control shaft bearing (8,9; 24; 36) in the transverse plane.
3. Cylinder head according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the shaft pipe (25,33) serves to fasten a control housing (23,39) separate from the cylinder head (22,32).
4. Cylinder head according to one or more of claims 1-3, wherein
- The shaft pipe (25) passes through the cover (27) and acts on the cover by means of a stop (stop collar 28) via an elastic intermediate layer (29),
characterized,
- That a to the intermediate layer (29) coaxially arranged pressure piece (pressure ring 30) between the stop (stop collar 28) and the common bearing cover (26) of the control shaft bearing (24) is provided.
5. Cylinder head according to claim 4, characterized in that
- That the stop is arranged on a collar (28) serving as a shaft pipe (25) collar sleeve,
- Which can be connected to the cylinder head (22) via a thread (31), and
- Which also has tool engagement surfaces in the region of the stop collar (28).
6. Cylinder head according to claims 1-3, characterized in
- That a collar tube serving as a shaft pipe (33) acts via a clamping head (34) substantially directly on the common bearing cover (35) of the control shaft bearing (36), wherein
- The clamping head interacts with an elastic seal (38) arranged between the latter and the cover (37).
7. Cylinder head according to claims 1-3, characterized in that
- That in the cylinder head (3) fixed shaft pipe (14) passes through at least the common bearing cover (15), and
- A thread (16) for a clamping nut (17) has on the bearing cover side.
8. Cylinder head according to one or more of claims 1-7, characterized in
- That the shaft of two shaft pipes (40 and 25; 40 and 33) is formed, wherein
- The combustion chamber (41) arranged adjacent shaft pipe (40) is fixed in the cylinder head (22,32), and
- Provided with devices (internal thread 42) for connection to the shaft pipe (25, 33) used for fastening components.
EP89109344A 1988-06-01 1989-05-24 Cylinder head for an internal-combustion engine Expired - Lifetime EP0344597B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE3818634 1988-06-01
DE3818634 1988-06-01

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0344597A2 true EP0344597A2 (en) 1989-12-06
EP0344597A3 EP0344597A3 (en) 1990-04-18
EP0344597B1 EP0344597B1 (en) 1991-11-21

Family

ID=6355608

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP89109344A Expired - Lifetime EP0344597B1 (en) 1988-06-01 1989-05-24 Cylinder head for an internal-combustion engine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0344597B1 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0434638A1 (en) * 1989-12-22 1991-06-26 FIAT AUTO S.p.A. An internal combustion engine with controlled ignition and twin overhead camshafts for motor vehicles
EP0394832B1 (en) * 1989-04-28 1992-03-25 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Combustion engine with at least one cylinder head and one cylinder block
DE4119594A1 (en) * 1991-06-14 1993-02-25 Audi Ag Fluid-cooled light alloy cylinder head - has lower section with open cooling fluid chambers, in area of cylinder head dome
WO1997030284A1 (en) * 1996-02-17 1997-08-21 Audi Ag Cylinder head for a direct-injection internal-combustion engine
EP1046804A1 (en) * 1999-04-22 2000-10-25 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Cylinder head for internal combustion engine
AT16206U1 (en) * 2017-12-19 2019-03-15 Ge Jenbacher Gmbh & Co Og Cylinder head for an internal combustion engine

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3087473A (en) * 1960-11-25 1963-04-30 Curtiss Wright Corp Engine
GB1256401A (en) * 1969-05-22 1971-12-08 Rubery Owen & Co Ltd Improvements in cylinder heads for internal combustion engines
EP0146254A1 (en) * 1983-12-02 1985-06-26 Austin Rover Group Limited Cylinder head
US4641609A (en) * 1985-01-19 1987-02-10 Mazda Motor Corporation Cylinder head for DOHC engine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3087473A (en) * 1960-11-25 1963-04-30 Curtiss Wright Corp Engine
GB1256401A (en) * 1969-05-22 1971-12-08 Rubery Owen & Co Ltd Improvements in cylinder heads for internal combustion engines
EP0146254A1 (en) * 1983-12-02 1985-06-26 Austin Rover Group Limited Cylinder head
US4641609A (en) * 1985-01-19 1987-02-10 Mazda Motor Corporation Cylinder head for DOHC engine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0394832B1 (en) * 1989-04-28 1992-03-25 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Combustion engine with at least one cylinder head and one cylinder block
EP0434638A1 (en) * 1989-12-22 1991-06-26 FIAT AUTO S.p.A. An internal combustion engine with controlled ignition and twin overhead camshafts for motor vehicles
DE4119594A1 (en) * 1991-06-14 1993-02-25 Audi Ag Fluid-cooled light alloy cylinder head - has lower section with open cooling fluid chambers, in area of cylinder head dome
DE4119594C2 (en) * 1991-06-14 1998-07-30 Audi Ag Liquid-cooled light alloy cylinder head
WO1997030284A1 (en) * 1996-02-17 1997-08-21 Audi Ag Cylinder head for a direct-injection internal-combustion engine
EP1046804A1 (en) * 1999-04-22 2000-10-25 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Cylinder head for internal combustion engine
US6209506B1 (en) 1999-04-22 2001-04-03 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Cylinder head for internal combustion engine
AT16206U1 (en) * 2017-12-19 2019-03-15 Ge Jenbacher Gmbh & Co Og Cylinder head for an internal combustion engine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP0344597A3 (en) 1990-04-18
EP0344597B1 (en) 1991-11-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6035817A (en) Variable valve timing mechanism for engine
US4643138A (en) Suction pipe system for multicylinder internal combustion engine
US4194472A (en) Exhaust gas recirculation system of a multi-cylinder internal combustion engine
EP0477256B1 (en) Piston engine
DE69934533T2 (en) Four-stroke internal combustion engine
CA2021245C (en) Spherical rotary valve assembly for an internal combustion engine
US4267811A (en) Cylinder head for a mixture-compressing internal combustion engine
US5967108A (en) Rotary valve system
US4823747A (en) Cylinder head camshaft mounting arrangement
US6578538B2 (en) Rotary valve for piston engine
US20010042527A1 (en) Cam angle sensor mounting structure for engine
US20030062005A1 (en) Internal combustion engine
US5094193A (en) Cylinder head cooling arrangement
US5720241A (en) Rotary cylinder engine
US5458099A (en) Cylinder head arrangement of an internal-combustion engine
DE60204691T2 (en) Star burning motor with floating balanced piston
US5799629A (en) Adiabatic, two-stroke cycle engine having external piston rod alignment
US4192265A (en) Combustion promoting device of a multi-cylinder engine
US5797368A (en) Reciprocating piston internal combustion engine having at least one cylinder
US5000131A (en) Exhaust port control valve for two stroke engine
US5983843A (en) Injector cooling for direct injected engine
EP0141527A2 (en) Cylinder head for spark ignition internal combustion engine
US4517938A (en) Rotary valve arrangement
US4811708A (en) Combustion space for a reciprocating piston internal combustion engine
US4782801A (en) Internal combustion motor

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: A2

Designated state(s): DE FR GB IT SE

AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: A3

Designated state(s): DE FR GB IT SE

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19900508

17Q First examination report despatched

Effective date: 19910503

AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): DE FR GB IT SE

GBT Gb: translation of ep patent filed (gb section 77(6)(a)/1977)
ET Fr: translation filed
REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 58900470

Country of ref document: DE

Date of ref document: 19920102

Format of ref document f/p: P

ITF It: translation for a ep patent filed

Owner name: STUDIO JAUMANN

26N No opposition filed
EAL Se: european patent in force in sweden

Ref document number: 89109344.5

Format of ref document f/p: F

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: SE

Payment date: 19980420

Year of fee payment: 10

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: GB

Payment date: 19980521

Year of fee payment: 10

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: FR

Payment date: 19980528

Year of fee payment: 10

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: GB

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 19990524

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: SE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 19990525

GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 19990524

EUG Se: european patent has lapsed

Ref document number: 89109344.5

Format of ref document f/p: F

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: FR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20000131

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: ST

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: DE

Payment date: 20020625

Year of fee payment: 14

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: DE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20031202

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: IT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES;WARNING: LAPSES OF ITALIAN PATENTS WITH EFFECTIVE DATE BEFORE 2007 MAY HAVE OCCURRED AT ANY TIME BEFORE 2007. THE CORRECT EFFECTIVE DATE MAY BE DIFFERENT FROM THE ONE RECORDED.

Effective date: 20050524