EP0342109B1 - Closure device with a rotatable envelope for flasks and like containers - Google Patents

Closure device with a rotatable envelope for flasks and like containers Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0342109B1
EP0342109B1 EP89401272A EP89401272A EP0342109B1 EP 0342109 B1 EP0342109 B1 EP 0342109B1 EP 89401272 A EP89401272 A EP 89401272A EP 89401272 A EP89401272 A EP 89401272A EP 0342109 B1 EP0342109 B1 EP 0342109B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
characterized
shaped member
cap according
bell shaped
neck
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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EP89401272A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0342109A3 (en
EP0342109A2 (en
Inventor
Simone Morel
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Simone Morel
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Family has litigation
Priority to FR8806381A priority Critical patent/FR2631318B1/en
Priority to FR8806381 priority
Priority to FR898903544A priority patent/FR2644432B2/en
Priority to FR8903544 priority
Application filed by Simone Morel filed Critical Simone Morel
Priority claimed from AT89401272T external-priority patent/AT69594T/en
Publication of EP0342109A2 publication Critical patent/EP0342109A2/en
Publication of EP0342109A3 publication Critical patent/EP0342109A3/en
Publication of EP0342109B1 publication Critical patent/EP0342109B1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D47/00Closures with filling and discharging, or with discharging, devices
    • B65D47/04Closures with discharging devices other than pumps
    • B65D47/20Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge
    • B65D47/24Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge with poppet valves or lift valves, i.e. valves opening or closing a passageway by a relative motion substantially perpendicular to the plane of the seat
    • B65D47/241Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge with poppet valves or lift valves, i.e. valves opening or closing a passageway by a relative motion substantially perpendicular to the plane of the seat the valve being opened or closed by actuating a cap-like element
    • B65D47/244Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge with poppet valves or lift valves, i.e. valves opening or closing a passageway by a relative motion substantially perpendicular to the plane of the seat the valve being opened or closed by actuating a cap-like element being rotated without axial translation, whilst transmitting axial motion to an internal valve stem or valve seat
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B11/00Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus
    • B05B11/0005Components or details
    • B05B11/0027Means for neutralising the actuation of the sprayer ; Means for preventing access to the sprayer actuation means

Description

  • La présente invention concerne les capsules pour la fermeture de récipients divers notamment des flacons et des tubes. The present invention relates to capsules for sealing various containers including bottles and tubes.
  • L'invention s'applique plus particulièrement à celles de ces capsules qui sont montées à demeure sur le récipient pour en permettre l'ouverture et la fermeture par simple rotation de la partie externe de la capsule-DE-A-2644947. The invention applies more particularly to those of the capsules which are permanently mounted on the container to allow opening and closing by simple rotation of the external portion of the capsule-DE-A-2644947.
  • La capsule de l'invention vise à faire en sorte qu'elle délimite intérieurement un conduit continu pour l'écoulement du fluide que contient le récipient, et cela tant lorsque la capsule est en position fermée qu'en position ouverte pour laquelle elle peut former un élément verseur. The capsule of the invention is to ensure that internally delimits a continuous conduit for the flow of fluid in the container, and this both when the capsule is in the closed position in the open position in which it can form a pouring element.
  • En outre, l'invention vise à faire en sorte que le conduit délimité à l'intérieur de la capsule, et dont la longueur varie entre la position fermée et la position ouverte, soit toujours parfaitement étanche et, pour cela, l'invention part de la découverte surprenante qu'il y a lieu à chaque mouvement d'ouverture et de fermeture de la capsule d'essuyer des parties de conduit qui coulissent les unes par rapport aux autres. In addition, the invention aims to ensure that the duct defined within the capsule, and whose length varies between the closed position and the open position, is always insulated and for this, the invention starts the surprising discovery that there occurs at each movement of opening and closing of the cap to wipe conduit portions which slide relative to each other. Ainsi, le contenu de la capsule ne peut pas couler accidentellement ou être mis en contact avec l'atmosphère. Thus, the contents of the capsule can not flow away or be in contact with the atmosphere.
  • En outre, il a été remarqué qu'il ne suffit pas, pour assurer un essuyage correct des parties de conduit, que celles-ci soient déplacées axialement les unes par rapport aux autres car cela tend à former des rayures, tandis qu'un essuyage beaucoup plus efficace est obtenu lorsque les parties de conduit devant être déplacées les unes par rapport aux autres suivent un mouvement hélicoïdal. In addition, it was noticed that it is not enough to ensure proper wiping pipe parts, as these are moved axially relative to each other because it tends to form stripes, while wiping much more efficient is obtained when the pipe parts to be displaced from each other following a helical movement.
  • L'invention permet de plus la mise en oeuvre de différents types de bouchons qui peuvent permettre un écoulement dirigé du produit contenu dans le flacon ou tube ou encore une pulvérisation voire une atomisation de ce produit, la capsule assurant dans toutes les conceptions une fermeture très efficace du flacon et, le cas échéant, empêchant l'actionnement d'un bouchon pulvérisateur ou atomiseur. The invention further allows the implementation of different types of plugs that can allow a directed flow of the product contained in the vial or tube or a spray or a spray of the product, ensuring the capsule in all designs a closed very efficient vial and, where appropriate, preventing the actuation of a sprayer or atomizer plug.
  • L'invention est définie dans les revendications. The invention is defined in the claims.
  • Diverses autres caractéristiques de l'invention ressortent d'ailleurs de la description détaillée qui suit. Various other features of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description.
  • Des formes de réalisation de l'objet de l'invention sont représentées, à titre d'exemples non limitatifs, aux dessins annexés. Embodiments of the object of the invention are represented as non-limiting examples in the accompanying drawings.
    • La fig. Fig. 1 est une coupe-élévation transversale de la capsule à enveloppe tournante de l'invention. 1 is a cross-sectional elevation of the rotary shell capsule of the invention.
    • La fig. Fig. 2 est une demi-coupe partie en élévation correspondant à la fig. 2 is a half-section partly in elevation corresponding to Fig. 1, mais illustrant une position caractéristique des organes de la capsule. 1, but illustrating a characteristic position of the capsule bodies.
    • La fig. Fig. 3 est une représentation en deux demi-coupes d'une variante de la capsule. 3 is a representation in two half-sections of a variant of the capsule.
    • La fig. Fig. 4 est une coupe-élévation illustrant une autre variante de la capsule. 4 is an elevation sectional view illustrating another variant of the capsule.
    • La fig. Fig. 5 est une coupe-élévation d'une variante supplémentaire. 5 is a cross-sectional elevation of a further alternative.
    • La fig. Fig. 6 est une élévation, partie en coupe, faisant apparaître une caractéristique supplémentaire. 6 is an elevation, partly in section, showing an additional feature.
    • La fig. Fig. 7 est une coupe-élévation transversale de la capsule illustrant une autre réalisation. 7 is a cross-sectional elevation of the capsule illustrating another embodiment.
    • La fig. Fig. 8 est une coupe analogue à la fig. 8 is a section similar to fig. 7 illustrant une position caractéristique de la capsule. 7 illustrating a characteristic position of the capsule.
    • La fig. Fig. 9 est une coupe transversale analogue à la fig. 9 is a cross section similar to fig. 7 d'une modification. 7 of a modification.
    • La fig. Fig. 10 est une coupe analogue à la fig. 10 is a section similar to fig. 9 illustrant une position caractéristique. 9 illustrating a feature position.
    • La fig. Fig. 11 est une coupe transversale d'une modification. 11 is a cross section of a modification.
    • La fig. Fig. 12 est une coupe analogue à la fig. 12 is a section similar to fig. 11 illustrant une position caractéristique. 11 showing a characteristic position.
  • La capsule est destinée à être montée sur un flacon 1 ou un autre récipient qui comporte un goulot 2 présentant une gorge 3 pour un jonc 4 d'une enveloppe 5 pouvant ainsi tourner par rapport au flacon 1, mais sans pouvoir être déplacé axialement. The capsule is intended to be mounted on a bottle or other container 1 having a neck 2 having a groove 3 for a ring 4 of a casing 5 which can thus rotate relative to the bottle 1, but axially displaceable.
  • L'enveloppe 5 présente des nervures axiales internes 6 dont la base 6a prend appui et, par conséquent, sert au maintien d'une collerette 7 formée au pied d'un fourreau 8 présentant dans sa paroi externe une rainure hélicoïdale 9. The casing 5 has internal axial ribs 6, the base 6a is supported and, therefore, serves to maintain a flange 7 formed at the foot of a sheath 8 having in its outer wall a helical groove 9.
  • La rainure 9 sert au logement d'un plot 10 formé à l'intérieur d'une cloche 11 de préférence au voisinage d'une fente 12 de cette cloche pour permettre le démoulage de la partie supérieure du plot 10; The groove 9 serves for receiving a pad 10 formed within a bell 11 preferably in the vicinity of a slit 12 of the bell to permit demoulding of the top of the stud 10; d'autre part, la partie inférieure de la paroi latérale est flexible. on the other hand, the lower part of the side wall is flexible. La paroi de la cloche présente aussi au moins une clavette 13 logée entre deux nervures 6 de l'enveloppe 5, de sorte que la cloche 11 est solidaire en rotation de ladite enveloppe 5. The wall of the bell also has at least one wedge 13 located between two ribs 6 of the casing 5, so that the bell 11 is integral in rotation with said casing 5.
  • On voit par ce qui précède qu'en faisant tourner l'enveloppe 5, cela a pour effet d'entraîner en rotation la cloche 11, et, par suite, le plot 10 est déplacé dans la rainure hélicoïdale 9, ce qui provoque le soulèvement ou l'abaissement de la cloche 11 suivant le sens de rotation de l'enveloppe 5. It is evident from the foregoing that, by rotating the casing 5, this has the effect of rotating the bell 11, and therefore, the pad 10 is moved in the spiral groove 9, which causes the lifting or lowering of the bell 11 in the direction of rotation of the casing 5.
  • Pour empêcher la rotation du fourreau 8, des moyens sont prévus qui peuvent être constitués par des nervures 14 et cannelures 15 formées respectivement à partir de la paroi interne du fourreau 8 et de la paroi externe du goulot 2. To prevent rotation of the sleeve 8, means are provided which may be constituted by the ribs 14 and grooves 15 respectively formed from the inner wall of the sleeve 8 and the outer wall of the neck 2.
  • Il est possible aussi que le fourreau soit seulement engagé à force sur le goulot 2, ou encore que la collerette 7 soit suffisamment serrée sur le goulot 2 pour que le fourreau 8 ne puisse pas tourner de façon significative. It is also possible that the sleeve is only engaged by force onto the neck 2, or that the flange 7 is sufficiently tightened on the neck 2 for the sheath 8 can not rotate significantly. Enfin, le fourreau 8 peut être vissé sur le goulot 2. Finally, the sheath 8 can be screwed onto the neck 2.
  • Le dessin montre que le fourreau 8 délimite un épaulement interne 16 à partir duquel sont formés des anneaux inférieur 17 et supérieur 18. L'anneau inférieur 17 est plaqué contre la paroi interne du goulot 2 et assure, par conséquent, l'étanchéité avec celui-ci. The drawing shows that the sheath 8 defines an internal shoulder 16 from which are formed of the lower rings 17 and upper 18. The lower ring 17 is pressed against the inner wall of the neck 2 and ensures, therefore, the seal with the -this. L'anneau supérieur 18 est, de son côté, plaqué contre une jupe 19 formée à l'intérieur de la cloche 11 à partir du dessus 20 de celle-ci. The top ring 18 is, in turn, pressed against a skirt 19 formed inside of the bell 11 from the top 20 thereof.
  • La jupe 19 est prolongée vers le haut par un col 21 qui est guidé dans un joint labyrinthe 22 que délimite le dessus 5a de l'enveloppe 5, ce joint bordant une ouverture 23 qu'il délimite. The skirt 19 is extended upwardly by a neck 21 which is guided in a labyrinth seal 22 that delimits the top 5a of the casing 5, this seal bordering an opening 23 which it delimits.
  • L'anneau supérieur 18 du fourreau 8 présente des lamelles 24, par exemple radiales, formant support pour un bouchon 25 de préférence conique destiné à coopérer avec une paroi complémentaire 26 délimitant une ouverture 27 au sommet du col 21. The upper ring 18 of the sleeve 8 has lamellae 24, for example radial, forming a support for a conical cap 25 preferably intended to cooperate with a complementary wall 26 defining an opening 27 at the top of the neck 21.
  • Ainsi que cela est expliqué ci-dessus, lorsque l'enveloppe 5 est tournée, alors que les différents organes décrits dans ce qui précède se trouvent dans la position illustrée à la fig. As explained above, when the casing 5 is turned, while the various elements described in the foregoing are in the position illustrated in fig. 1, le plot 10 est entraîné en rotation et il suit, par conséquent, la rainure hélicoïdale 9, ce qui fait soulever la cloche 11 et, par conséquent, le col 21 de celle-ci glisse entre les joints 22 qui assurent l'étanchéité avec sa paroi externe, de sorte que la capsule se trouve alors dans la position illustrée par la fig. 1, the stud 10 is rotated and it follows, therefore, the helical groove 9, which makes lifting the bell 11 and therefore the collar 21 thereof slide between the seals 22 which seal with its outer wall, so that the capsule is then in the position illustrated in fIG. 2. 2.
  • On voit à la fig. It is seen in Fig. 2 que le bouchon 25 qui est fixe est alors séparé de la paroi 26 de sorte qu'un passage continu est créé depuis l'intérieur du récipient jusqu'à l'ouverture 27. 2 the cap 25 which is fixed is then separated from the wall 26 so that a continuous passage is created from within the container to the opening 27.
  • Le dessin montre aussi, de façon évidente, que le passage créé depuis l'intérieur du récipient est un passage à paroi étanche. The drawing also shows, obviously, that the passage created from inside the container is a watertight wall passage. En effet, l'anneau inférieur 17 assure l'étanchéité avec le goulot 2, l'anneau supérieur 18 assure l'étanchéité avec la jupe 19 et le col 21 conduit jusqu'à l'ouverture 27. Indeed, the lower ring 17 seals against the neck 2, the top ring 18 ensures the sealing with the skirt 19 and the neck 21 leads to the opening 27.
  • Le fluide contenu dans le flacon 2 ne peut pas, de cette manière, se répandre à l'intérieur de la capsule, ce qui évite qu'il soit souillé et ce qui évite, de même, que des fuites puissent se produire lorsque le fluide est versé par l'ouverture 27. The fluid contained in the bottle 2 can not, in this manner, spread inside the capsule, which prevents it unclean and avoids, as well, as leakage may occur when the fluid is poured through the opening 27.
  • Pour assurer la fermeture, on fait tourner l'enveloppe 5 dans le sens opposé à celui correspondant à l'ouverture jusqu'au moment où la paroi 26 du col 21 est appliqué contre le bouchon 25. Pendant ce mouvement, la jupe 19 coulisse sur la paroi de l'anneau supérieur 18, de sorte que l'étanchéité est toujours assurée. To ensure sealing, it rotates the casing 5 in the opposite direction to that corresponding to the opening until the wall 26 of the collar 21 is applied against the cap 25. During this movement, the skirt 19 slides on the wall of the top ring 18 so that the seal is always ensured.
  • Pour éviter une ouverture accidentelle, il est avantageux qu'une butée 28 soit formée à partir de la paroi interne du dessus 20 de la cloche et qu'une languette flexible 29 soit formée par le fourreau 8. To avoid accidental opening, it is advantageous if a stop 28 is formed from the inner top wall 20 of the bell and a flexible tongue 29 is formed by the sleeve 8.
  • La fig. Fig. 1 montre qu'en position de fermeture de la capsule, la butée 28 est en appui contre la languette 29, ce qui crée un frein empêchant l'ouverture puisqu'il faut exercer un effort suffisant sur l'enveloppe 5 pour la faire tourner en déformant élastiquement la languette 29 en début de rotation. 1 shows that in the closed position of the cap, the stop 28 rests against the tongue 29, which creates a barrier preventing opening since it is necessary to exert sufficient force on the casing 5 to rotate in elastically deforming the tab 29 at the beginning of rotation.
  • Dans une variante non représentée, le fourreau 8 peut éventuellement être formé directement par le goulot du flacon, la jupe 19 de la cloche 11 prenant alors appui contre la paroi interne dudit goulot pour assurer l'étanchéité lors du déplacement de la cloche 11. In a variant not shown, the sleeve 8 may optionally be formed directly by the bottle neck, the skirt 19 of the bell 11 then taking support against the inner wall of said neck for sealing during the movement of the bell 11.
  • La réalisation décrite dans ce qui précède permet une fabrication particulièrement bon marché par moulage par injection de résine thermoplastique. The embodiment described in the foregoing allows a particularly inexpensive manufacture by molding of thermoplastic resin injection. En effet, l'enveloppe 5, la cloche 11 et le fourreau 8, lorsque celui-ci est prévu, constituent trois pièces faciles à réaliser par la technique du moulage à injection. Indeed, the envelope 5, the bell 11 and the sleeve 8 when it is provided are three parts easy to perform by the technique of injection molding.
  • Le montage de la capsule est de son côté extrêmement simple et peut être réalisé mécaniquement. The assembly of the capsule is extremely easy side and can be achieved mechanically. En effet, le fourreau 8, lorsqu'il existe, est seulement enfilé sur le goulot 2, la cloche 11 est elle-même enfilée sur le fourreau 8, le plot 10 étant engagé dans la rainure hélicoïdale 9 par déformation élastique du fait de la présence de la fente 12 et, finalement, l'enveloppe 5 est elle-même enfilée sur la cloche 11, le jonc 14 étant encliqueté par déformation élastique dans la gorge 3. Indeed, the sheath 8, when present, is only threaded onto the neck 2, the bell 11 itself is threaded onto the sleeve 8, the stud 10 being engaged in the helical groove 9 by elastic deformation due to the presence of the slot 12 and, finally, the casing 5 itself is threaded on the bell 11, the ring 14 being clipped by elastic deformation in the groove 3.
  • Aux fig. In FIGS. 3 à 6, les mêmes numéros de référence désignent les mêmes organes qu'aux fig. 3 to 6, the same numerals denote the same elements as in FIGS. 1 et 2. 1 and 2.
  • A la fig. In Fig. 3, l'enveloppe 5 de la capsule est constituée d'une pièce avec un manteau externe 30 dont la forme extérieure correspond avantageusement à celle du flacon 1 ou autre récipient. 3, the casing 5 of the capsule is made integrally with an external coat 30 whose external shape advantageously matches that of one vial or other container. La commande de la capsule est assurée en faisant tourner manuellement le manteau 30 dont le mouvement est transmis à l'enveloppe 5 et par celle-ci aux autres organes décrits dans ce qui précède. The control of the capsule is achieved by manually rotating the mantle 30, the movement is transmitted to the casing 5 and by the latter to the other organs described in the foregoing.
  • A la fig. In Fig. 4, l'enveloppe 5 est reliée au goulot 2 par l'intermédiaire d'un fourreau 8 dont la base forme un disque 8a sur lequel est encliquetée l'enveloppe 5. 4, the casing 5 is connected to the neck 2 by means of a sheath 8 whose base forms a disc 8a on which is clipped the casing 5.
  • Dans cette réalisation, le fourreau 8 comporte un taraudage 31 permettant de le visser sur un filetage correspondant 32 du goulot 2. Les autres parties de la capsule sont réalisées de même manière que décrit en référence aux fig. In this embodiment, the sheath 8 has an internal thread 31 for screwing it on a corresponding thread 32 of the neck 2. The other parts of the capsule are formed in same manner as described with reference to Fig. 1 et 2. Cette réalisation fait que la capsule peut éventuellement être montée et démontée puisqu'il est possible de visser et dévisser le fourreau 8. 1 and 2. This realization that the capsule can optionally be mounted and dismounted as it is possible to screw and unscrew the sheath 8.
  • La fig. Fig. 5 illustre un développement de la réalisation de la fig. 5 illustrates a development of the embodiment of Fig. 4 selon lequel le fourreau 8 supporte l'enveloppe 5 par une bague 33 prolongeant le disque 8a. 4 wherein the sleeve 8 supports the casing 5 by a ring 33 extending the disk 8a.
  • Egalement comme à la fig. Also as in Fig. 4, le fourreau 8 comporte un taraudage 31 destiné à le visser sur un filetage 32 du goulot 2. 4, the sheath 8 has an internal thread 31 for screwing the thread 32 on the neck 2.
  • La bague 33 est prolongée par un anneau de rupture 34 formant organe d'inviolabilité en même temps qu'entretoise entre la capsule et le flacon 1. The ring 33 is extended by a rupture ring 34 tamperproof member simultaneously forms a spacer between the capsule and the bottle 1.
  • Outre ce qui précède, la capsule de la fig. Besides the above, the capsule of Fig. 5 comporte en dessous de l'épaulement interne 16 du fourreau 8 un organe perforateur 35 en forme de lame qui est disposé au-dessus d'une pellicule 36 fermant le goulot 2 de façon étanche. 5 comprises below the internal shoulder 16 of the sheath 8 a perforating body 35 shaped blade which is arranged above a film 36 closing the neck 2 sealingly.
  • Lorsqu'on désire avoir accès au produit contenu dans le flacon 1, l'anneau de rupture 34 est retiré puis la capsule est vissée en agissant sur son enveloppe 5 jusqu'au moment où l'épaulement interne 16 du fourreau 8 vient en appui sur le dessus du goulot 2. Pendant ce mouvement, l'organe perforateur 35 rompt la pellicule 36. La capsule est ensuite utilisable de la même manière que décrit dans ce qui précède. When it is desired to have access to the product contained in the bottle 1, the break ring 34 is removed and the cap is screwed by acting on its casing 5 until the internal shoulder 16 of the sleeve 8 abuts against top of the neck 2. During this movement, the perforating member 35 breaks the film 36. the capsule is then used in the same manner as described in the foregoing.
  • La fig. Fig. 6 illustre un développement de l'invention selon lequel l'enveloppe 5 de l'un des modes de réalisation de la capsule des figures précédentes est recouverte par un couvercle 37 fixé par sa base 37a directement sur le flacon 1, par exemple par encliquetage. 6 illustrates a development of the invention wherein the casing 5 of one embodiment of the capsule of the preceding figures modes is covered by a cover 37 fixed by its base 37a directly on the bottle 1, for example by snap-fastening. Le couvercle 37 comporte au moins une lumière 38, de préférence deux, donnant accès à l'enveloppe 5 dont la surface périphérique est avantageusement moletée ou autrement rendue rugueuse. The lid 37 includes at least one aperture 38, preferably two, providing access to the casing 5 whose peripheral surface is preferably knurled or otherwise roughened. Le couvercle 37 présente sur le dessus un trou 39 pour le passage du col 21 lorsque celui-ci est soulevé au moment de l'actionnement de l'enveloppe 38 de la manière décrite dans ce qui précède. The lid 37 has on top a hole 39 for passage of the neck 21 when the latter is lifted at the time of actuation of the envelope 38 as described in the foregoing.
  • Il y a lieu de remarquer que le dessus du col 21 peut être prévu pour présenter plusieurs ouvertures 27 à chacune desquelles correspond un bouchon 25 mais, dans ce cas, les bouchons 25 sont réalisés en matière flexible pour être déformés élastiquement lors du mouvement hélicoïdal provoquant l'ouverture et la fermeture que ces bouchons doivent assurer pour chaque ouverture 27. De plus, le fourreau 8 décrit dans ce qui précède peut être formé directement par le goulot 2 d'un tube ou autre récipient à remplissage par le fond. It should be noted that the top of the neck 21 may be provided to present a plurality of apertures 27 in each of which a corresponding plug 25 but, in this case, the plugs 25 are made of flexible material to be elastically deformed during the helical movement causing the opening and closing of these stoppers must provide for each opening 27. in addition, the sheath 8 described in the foregoing may be formed by the neck 2 of a tube or other container filled from the bottom.
  • Aux fig. In FIGS. 7 à 10, l'enveloppe 5 présente des nervures axiales internes 6 dont la base 6a prend appui sur une collerette 7a formée par le goulot 2 qui délimite au-dessus de ladite collerette un fourreau 8a présentant dans sa paroi une rainure hélicoïdale 9. 7 to 10, the casing 5 has internal axial ribs 6, the base 6a is supported on a collar 7a formed by the neck 2 defining above said flange a sleeve 8a having in its wall a helical groove 9.
  • La rainure 9 sert au logement d'au moins un plot 10 formé à l'intérieur d'une cloche 11. The groove 9 serves for accommodating at least one pad 10 formed within a bell 11.
  • Dans la réalisation des fig. In the embodiment of fig. 7 et 8, la cloche 11 délimite intérieurement une jupe 40 qui est engagée à frottement doux dans une partie resserrée cylindrique 41 du fourreau 8a. 7 and 8, the bell 11 internally defines a skirt 40 which engages snugly in a cylindrical neck portion 41 of the sleeve 8a. La jupe 40 est, par ailleurs, reliée au moyen d'un anneau 42 à un bouchon formant un embout verseur 43 délimitant un bec verseur latéral 44 dont la référence 44a indique l'orifice. The skirt 40 is also connected by means of a ring 42 to a plug forming a spout fitment 43 defines a lateral spout 44, the reference 44a indicates the orifice.
  • Le bouchon délimitant l'embout 43 présente sur une partie de sa hauteur un élément cylindrique 43a pouvant coulisser dans un manchon 45 de l'enveloppe 5. The stopper defining the end piece 43 has a part of its height a cylindrical member 43a slidable in a sleeve 45 of the casing 5.
  • Comme le montre la fig. As shown in Fig. 7, en position de repos, le plot 10 est placé à la base de la rainure hélicoïdale 9 et, par conséquent, le bec verseur 44 du bouchon formant l'embout verseur 43 est disposé à l'intérieur du manchon 45, ce qui assure la fermeture. 7, in the rest position, the stud 10 is placed at the base of the helical groove 9 and, consequently, the spout 44 of the cap forming the pouring nozzle 43 is disposed within the sleeve 45, which ensures the closure.
  • La jupe 40 étant engagée dans la partie cylindrique resserrée 41 du fourreau 8a assure l'étanchéité avec celui-ci de sorte que le produit contenu dans le flacon 1 ne peut pas s'échapper, ni venir souiller l'intérieur de la cloche 11, ni l'intérieur de l'enveloppe 5. The skirt 40 being engaged in the narrowed cylindrical portion 41 of the sleeve 8a seals therewith so that the product contained in the bottle 1 can not escape or come contaminate the interior of the bell 11, or inside the casing 5.
  • En faisant tourner l'enveloppe 5 par rapport au flacon 1, les nervures axiales internes 6 de cette enveloppe entraînent au moins une clavette 13 que présente à l'extérieur la cloche 11 qui est ainsi entraînée en rotation, ce qui a pour effet que le plot 10 circule dans la rainure hélicoïdale 9 du fourreau 8a en provoquant le déplacement axial de la cloche jusqu'à la position illustrée à la fig. By rotating the casing 5 with respect to the bottle 1, the internal axial ribs 6 of the lead envelope at least one key 13 that present outside the bell 11 which is thus rotated, which causes the pad 10 flows into the helical groove 9 of the sleeve 8a by causing the axial movement of the bell to the position illustrated in fIG. 8 pour laquelle le bouchon formant le bec verseur latéral 44 se trouve en position d'utilisation, c'est-à-dire qu'il est possible que le produit contenu dans le flacon 1 s'écoule. 8 in which the cap forming the lateral spout 44 is in the use position, that is to say, it is possible that the product contained in the bottle 1 flows.
  • Il est avantageux que la cloche 11 soit munie intérieurement d'une butée 28 flexible et que le fourreau 8a comporte une languette 29, la butée 28 et la languette 29 étant encastrées l'une par rapport à l'autre en position de fermeture comme illustré par la fig. It is advantageous that the bell 11 is provided internally with a flexible stopper 28 and the cover 8a has a tongue 29, the stopper 28 and the tongue 29 being recessed relative to the other in the closed position as shown in fIG. 7, ce qui évite un fonctionnement intempestif de la capsule par le verrouillage réalisé. 7, which prevents inadvertent operation of the capsule carried by the lock.
  • Dans ce qui précède, le fourreau 8a est représenté comme étant formé par un prolongement du goulot 2. On ne sortirait pas du cadre de l'invention en rapportant le fourreau 8a sur le dessus du goulot 2, c'est-à-dire en le constituant sous la forme d'une pièce indépendante. In the foregoing, the sleeve 8a is shown as being formed by an extension of the neck 2. Without departing from the scope of the invention by comparing the sheath 8a on top of the neck 2, that is to say component in the form of an independent piece.
  • Selon la modification des fig. According to the modification of Fig. 9 et 10, un fourreau 8b présente une paroi interne lisse 46, la rainure hélicoïdale 9 étant formée dans l'épaisseur de ce fourreau. 9 and 10, a sheath 8b has a smooth inner wall 46, the helical groove 9 is formed in the thickness of the sheath.
  • Le fourreau forme, à sa base, un manchon 47 dont la paroi interne délimite un jonc 4a entrant dans la gorge 3 du goulot 2. Le manchon 47 forme, en outre, des nervures et cannelures 48 coopérant avec des nervures et cannelures correspondantes du goulot 2 pour que le fourreau 8b soit relié rigidement à ce goulot sans pouvoir ni tourner, ni coulisser axialement. The sheath forms at its base, a sleeve 47 whose inner wall defines a ring 4a entering the groove 3 of the neck 2. The sleeve 47 further forms, ribs 48 and grooves cooperating with ribs and corresponding grooves of the neck 2 so that the sheath 8b is fixedly connected to this neck without being able to rotate or slide axially.
  • Le manchon 47 présente aussi une gorge 3a pour le jonc 4 de l'enveloppe 5. The sleeve 47 also has a groove 3a to the rod 4 of the envelope 5.
  • On ne sortirait évidemment pas du cadre de l'invention en réalisant le fourreau 8b à partir du goulot 2 de la même façon qu'illustré aux fig. It is obviously also within the scope of the invention by making the sheath 8b from the neck 2 in the same manner illustrated in FIGS. 7 et 8. 7 and 8.
  • Egalement comme aux fig. Also as in Fig. 7 et 8, le fourreau 8b est entouré par une cloche 11 dont le mouvement de montée et de descente est assuré de même manière que décrit ci-dessus en référence aux fig. 7 and 8, the sheath 8b is surrounded by a bell 11 whose movement up and down is provided in the same manner as described above with reference to fig. 7 et 8, c'est-à-dire que la cloche est entraînée en rotation lorsque l'enveloppe 5 est elle-même tournée, le mouvement de rotation étant transmis à la cloche 11 par la ou les clavettes 13 en prise avec les nervures axiales internes 6. 7 and 8, that is to say that the bell is rotated when the casing 5 itself is rotated, the rotational movement being transmitted to the bell 11 by the wedges 13 or into engagement with the ribs axial internal 6.
  • Dans la réalisation représentée, la cloche 11 est ouverte, à son sommet, pour donner accès à un bouchon constitué par la tête 49 d'une pompe ou d'une vanne fixée à l'intérieur du goulot 2 ou du flacon 1 par un moyen quelconque connu dans la technique pour permettre la pulvérisation ou l'atomisation d'un produit liquide contenu dans le flacon qui contient éventuellement une charge gazeuse propulsive lorsque la tête 49 est destinée à actionner une vanne. In the embodiment shown, the bell 11 is open at its top to provide access to a plug constituted by the head 49 of a pump or a valve attached to the inside of the neck 2 or the bottle 1 by means any known in the art to allow for spraying or atomising a liquid product contained in the flask which optionally contains a gaseous propellant charge when the head 49 is intended to actuate a valve.
  • Lorsque la tête 49 formant bouchon est munie comme illustrée à la fig. When the head 49 forming a plug is provided as illustrated in FIG. 10 d'une lance 50, une encoche 51 peut être prévue dans la paroi latérale de la cloche 11. 10 of a lance 50, a notch 51 may be provided in the side wall of the bell 11.
  • Ainsi que l'illustre le dessin, lorsque la pompe ou vanne commandée par la tête 49 ne doit pas être actionnée, l'enveloppe 5 est tournée de manière que la cloche 11 se trouve en position haute (fig. 10) de façon qu'il ne soit pas possible de déplacer de façon significative la tête 49. Au contraire, lorsque la pompe ou la vanne doit être actionnée par la tête 49, on fait, au préalable, tourner l'enveloppe 5 pour abaisser la cloche 11 jusqu'à la position illustrée à la fig. As illustrated in the drawing, when the pump or valve controlled by the head 49 should not be operated, the casing 5 is rotated so that the bell 11 is in the raised position (Fig. 10) so that it is not possible to significantly move the head 49. on the contrary, when the pump or the valve must be actuated by the head 49, is made, first turn the casing 5 to lower the bell 11 until the position illustrated in fig. 9. 9.
  • Les fig. FIGS. 11 et 12 illustrent une version simplifiée selon laquelle l'enveloppe 5 forme directement le ou les plots tandis que la rainure hélicoïdale 9 est formée par la cloche 11 qui présente intérieurement des rainures et cannelures 48 en prise avec des rainures et cannelures 48a du goulot 2. 11 and 12 illustrate a simplified version that the casing 5 form directly or pads while the helical groove 9 is formed by the bell 11 which internally has grooves and splines 48 in engagement with grooves 48a and grooves of the neck 2 .
  • Dans cette réalisation, en faisant tourner l'enveloppe 5, on provoque le soulèvement, respectivement l'abaissement, de l'enveloppe 11 qui est guidée axialement par les nervures et cannelures 48, 48a. In this embodiment, by rotating the casing 5, it causes the lifting, respectively lowering of the casing 11 which is axially guided by the ribs and grooves 48, 48a.
  • La cloche 11 peut être réalisée conformément à l'un des modes de réalisation décrits dans ce qui précède ou bien encore elle peut comporter un bouchon constitué par un noyau creux 51 dont une lumière latérale 52 peut être obturée par la base d'un manchon 45a formé par l'enveloppe 5, manchon qui présente, dans sa paroi, un évidement 53 en regard duquel la lumière 52 de même qu'une seconde lumière 52a peuvent être amenées comme illustré par la fig. The bell 11 can be performed in accordance with one of the embodiments described in the foregoing or alternatively it may include a stopper consisting of a hollow core 51 having a side aperture 52 can be closed by the base of a sleeve 45a formed by the casing 5, which sleeve has, in its wall, a recess 53 against which the lumen 52 as well as a second light 52a can be fed as shown in fig. 12. 12.
  • On voit par ce qui précède que dans la position illustrée à la fig. It is evident from the foregoing that in the position illustrated in FIG. 11 la base du manchon 45a obture la lumière 52 du bouchon, ce qui empêche tout écoulement du produit contenu par le flacon 1, tandis que dans la position de la fig. 11 the base of the sleeve 45a closes the aperture 52 of the cap, which prevents any flow of the product contained in the bottle 1, whereas in the position of FIG. 12 l'écoulement est possible, le produit passant par la lumière 52, l'évidement 53 et la lumière 52a pour s'échapper vers l'extérieur par l'orifice 54. 12 the flow is possible, the product passing through the lumen 52, the recess 53 and light 52a to escape outwardly through the orifice 54.
  • L'invention n'est pas limitée aux exemples de réalisation, représentés et décrits en détail, car diverses modifications peuvent y être apportées sans sortir de son cadre. The invention is not limited to the embodiments shown and described in detail, various modifications can be made therein without departing from its scope. En particulier, le noyau creux 51 peut comporter comme représenté un canal d'écoulement latéral en lieu et place de l'orifice 54. In particular, the hollow core 51 may comprise as shown a lateral flow channel in place of the orifice 54.

Claims (27)

1. Cap with a rotatable envelope for flasks, tubes and similar containers, wherein an envelope (5) provided with an opening (23) which can be closed by a stopper (25) is rotatively mounted on a flask (1), characterized in that means (4) are provided to prevent said envelope from axially sliding, and said envelope being connected by sliding means (6, 13) to an axially slidable bell shaped member (11), itself connected by helicoidal means (10) to a sheath (8), to a neck (2) of the flask (1) or to the envelope (5), said bell shaped member (11) having a wall (26) bordering an opening (27).
2. Cap according to claim 1, characterized in that the bell shaped member (11) comprises a tightness skirt (19) ensuring continuity of a conduit during a helicoidal movement of the bell shaped member caused by rotation of the envelope (5).
3. Cap according to one of claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the helicoidal means ensuring connexion between the neck (2) and the bell shaped member comprise at least one block (10) formed by the bell shaped member and engaged in a helicoidal groove (9).
4. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the helicoidal groove (9) is formed in a sheath (8) slipped on or screwed on the neck (2) and rotatively blocked with respect to the latter.
5. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the sheath (8) comprises a collar (7) applied on top part of the container by means of ribs (6) formed inside the envelope (5) and forming, with at least one key (13), the means for connecting the envelope (5) with the bell shaped member (11).
6. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the sheath (8) is rotatively blocked with respect to the container (1) by means of ribs (14) and grooves (15).
7. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the sheath (8) forms a lower ring (17) engaged in the neck (2) and an upper ring (18) in sliding contact with the skirt (19) of the bell shaped member (11) so as to form a permanent conduit with the neck (21) of the latter whatever is the position of the bell shaped member relatively to the neck (2) of the container.
8. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the sheath (8) is directly formed by a neck of the tube or other bottom-filled container.
9. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the stopper (25) cooperates with the wall (26) of a neck (21) of the bell shaped member and is carried by lamellas (24) formed from the upper ring (18) of the sheath (8).
10. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the bell shaped member (11) is laterally provided with at least one slot (12).
11. Cap according to one of claims 9 to 10, characterized by at least one locking stop (28) formed inside the bell shaped member (11) so as to cooperate with a flexible lamella (29) of the sheath (8) for rotatively blocking the envelope (5) when it is rotated in the position corresponding to closing the opening (27) of the neck (21).
12. Cap according to one of claims 9 to 11, characterized in that the neck (21) of the bell shaped member (11) is maintained in gaskets (22) formed by the top part (5a) of the envelope (5).
13. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 12, characterized in that the envelope (5) forms a mantle (30) which surrounds it and has a shape corresponding to the shape of the container.
14. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 13, characterized in that the envelope is rotatively mounted on a disk (8a) formed by the sheath (8) which comprises an internal threading (31) screwed onto a threading (32) of the container (1).
15. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 14, characterized in that the disk (8a) of the sheath is extended by a ring (33) over which the envelope (5) is rotatively mounted, said ring (33) being extended by a rupture ring (34) forming a brace between the cap and the container (1).
16. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 15, characterized by a perforating element (35) formed by the sheath (8), said perforating element (35) extending above a closing film (36) of the neck (2) as long as the rupture ring (34) is not removed and as long as the sheath (8) is not thoroughly screwed on the threading of said neck (2).
17. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 16, characterized by a cover (37) formed on the flask enveloping the entire cap and having at least one aperture (38) giving access to a periphery of the envelope (5) rendered rough, said cover (37) further having at least one hole (39) for passage of the neck or projection (21) of the bell shaped member (11).
18. Cap according to one of claims 1 to 17, characterized in that the top part of the neck or projection (21) has several openings (26) and in that several stoppers (25) are provided and made of a flexible material.
19. Cap according to claim 1, characterized in that the stopper is indifferently constituted by a joining piece (43) with a pouring spout (44), a valve or pump (49a), a hollow core (51) or other distributing means at least partially retractable inside said bell shaped member (11).
20. Cap according to either claim 1 or 19, characterized in that the stopper is formed by the bell shaped member which comprises a joining piece (43) extended by a pouring spout (44) with a lateral opening, said bell shaped member further delimiting a cylindrical element (43a) slidingly mounted in a sleeve (45) of the rotatable envelope (5).
21. Cap according to one of claims 1 and 19 or 20, characterized in that the sleeve (45) of the rotatable envelope (5) forms a seal for a lateral-opening pouring spout (44a) of the bell shaped member.
22. Cap according to one of claims 1 and 19 to 21, characterized in that the internal lateral wall of the bell shaped member (11) is smooth and surrounds the stopper (49a) formed by a pulverizing or atomization pump or valve controlled by a head (49) surrounded by the bell shaped member (11).
23. Cap according to one of claims 1 and 19 to 22, characterized in that the bell shaped member (11) has a notch (51) for a nozzle (50) of the head (49) of the stopper.
24. Cap according to one of claims 1 and 19 to 23, characterized in that the stopper of the bell shaped member forms at least one aperture (52) successively brought opposite a plain part of a sleeve (45a) of the envelope (5) or opposite a recess (53) of said sleeve (45a) of the envelope so as to have communicate the aperture (52) with an opening (54) or a second aperture (52a) leading to the opening (54).
25. Cap according to one of claims 1 and 19 to 24, characterized in that the helicoidal means (10) of the bell shaped member (11) are constituted by a block engaged inside an helicoidal groove (9) of a sheath (8a, 8b) extending the neck (2).
26. Cap according to one of claims 1 and 19 to 25, characterized in that the sheath (8a, 8b) is indifferently formed by an extension of the neck (2) or by a part formed on the latter so as to be rigidly connected thereto, both axially and rotatively.
27. Cap according to one of claims 1 and 19 to 26, characterized in that the helicoidal means of the bell shaped member comprise an helicoidal groove (9) formed at the periphery of the latter and cooperating with at least one block (10) formed from the internal wall of the envelope (5) rotatively mounted on the neck (2) which comprises ribs and grooves (48a) cooperating with ribs and grooves (48) of the bell shaped member for axially guiding the same without it being able to rotate.
EP89401272A 1988-05-11 1989-05-05 Closure device with a rotatable envelope for flasks and like containers Expired - Lifetime EP0342109B1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8806381A FR2631318B1 (en) 1988-05-11 1988-05-11 Capsule rotary jacket for bottles and similar containers
FR8806381 1988-05-11
FR898903544A FR2644432B2 (en) 1988-05-11 1989-03-17 Capsule rotary jacket for bottles and similar containers
FR8903544 1989-03-17

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT89401272T AT69594T (en) 1988-05-11 1989-05-05 Closing device with rotatable collar for flasks and similar containers.

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0342109A2 EP0342109A2 (en) 1989-11-15
EP0342109A3 EP0342109A3 (en) 1990-04-18
EP0342109B1 true EP0342109B1 (en) 1991-11-21

Family

ID=26226660

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP89401272A Expired - Lifetime EP0342109B1 (en) 1988-05-11 1989-05-05 Closure device with a rotatable envelope for flasks and like containers

Country Status (11)

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US (1) US5004127A (en)
EP (1) EP0342109B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH02127253A (en)
KR (1) KR900017873A (en)
CN (1) CN1038062A (en)
CA (1) CA1328846C (en)
DE (1) DE68900447D1 (en)
DK (1) DK216689A (en)
ES (1) ES2026734T3 (en)
FR (1) FR2644432B2 (en)
NZ (1) NZ229072A (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
NZ229072A (en) 1990-12-21
DK216689A (en) 1989-11-12
KR900017873A (en) 1990-12-20
ES2026734T3 (en) 1992-05-01
JPH02127253A (en) 1990-05-15
CA1328846C (en) 1994-04-26
DK216689D0 (en) 1989-05-03
FR2644432B2 (en) 1991-06-14
DE68900447D1 (en) 1992-01-02
EP0342109A3 (en) 1990-04-18
FR2644432A2 (en) 1990-09-21
US5004127A (en) 1991-04-02
CN1038062A (en) 1989-12-20
EP0342109A2 (en) 1989-11-15

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