EP0069858A1 - Electrical household appliance for producing and feeding steam to an electric iron - Google Patents

Electrical household appliance for producing and feeding steam to an electric iron Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0069858A1
EP0069858A1 EP82104883A EP82104883A EP0069858A1 EP 0069858 A1 EP0069858 A1 EP 0069858A1 EP 82104883 A EP82104883 A EP 82104883A EP 82104883 A EP82104883 A EP 82104883A EP 0069858 A1 EP0069858 A1 EP 0069858A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
boiler
appliance
steam
fact
electric
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP82104883A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Luigi Fumagalli
Original Assignee
Luigi Fumagalli
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to IT2270481 priority Critical
Priority to IT2270481A priority patent/IT1137703B/en
Application filed by Luigi Fumagalli filed Critical Luigi Fumagalli
Publication of EP0069858A1 publication Critical patent/EP0069858A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F75/00Hand irons
    • D06F75/08Hand irons internally heated by electricity
    • D06F75/10Hand irons internally heated by electricity with means for supplying steam to the article being ironed
    • D06F75/12Hand irons internally heated by electricity with means for supplying steam to the article being ironed the steam being produced from water supplied to the iron from an external source
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B1/00Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method
    • F22B1/28Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method in boilers heated electrically
    • F22B1/284Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method in boilers heated electrically with water in reservoirs

Abstract

O The invention relates to an electric household appliance for producing steam which is then delivered to an electric steam iron which can operate in a rapid and efficient way like the big industrial ironing machines. The appliance is particularly safe and reliable as it is provided with precise safety devices, that is a pressure switch to adjust the pressure, a thermostat checking lack of water in the boiler, and a safety valve to avoid overpressure and accidents due to untimely opening of the boiler plug.

Description

  • The present invention relates to an electric household appliance of little size but great performance, adapted to produce in few minutes steam of the quantity and quality required to feed continuously, safely and economically a household steam iron, which can then carry out the performance of a true industrial ironing machine.
  • It is a long time that electrical steam irons are commonly used, but they have several inconveniences, such as the little capacity of the reservoir, the need of using distilled water to avoid fouling, the scarce power of delivered steam, the risk of short circuits and other failures, and so on.
  • As steam ironing gives undoubtedly satisfactory results on a broad range of textile articles, the use of steam irons is more and more common in spite of these inconveniences, and therefore it was recently devised to improve the performance of the steam irons by coupling them to a little electrical boiler producing and feeding the steam for the iron. However it was noted that these little boilers are extremely dangerous, as it was not taken into account the fact that their use in a domestic environment dictates the use of supplemental safety measures to avoid serious risks in the event of wrong manoeuvers e.g. by a child or a housewife, who generally are not aware of the phenomena caused by the pressures involved in steam generation.
  • The electrical household appliance according to the present invention just solves these problems and gives the maximum safety and reliability with minimal sizes, as it is provided with precise safety devices especially designed for this particular use.
  • More particularly, the appliance according to the present invention comprises a pressure switch to adjust the steam pressure, a thermostat to check lack of water in the boiler and a safety valve to avoid overpressures and accidents due to untimely opening of the boiler plug, as well as a number of other characteristic measures which will be apparent and clear from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment, given as a non limiting example only, and making reference to the various figures of the accompanying sheets of illustrative drawings, in which:
    • Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic side sectional view, taken along line 1-1 of Fig. 2, showing the appliance as a whole;
    • Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic front sectional view, taken along line 2-2 of Fig. 1, also showing the appliance as a whole;
    • Fig. 3 is an exploded view showing the various elements of the boiler plug with safety valve;
    • Fig. 4 is an exploded view showing the various elements of the pressure; and
    • Fig. 5 is a plan view of the printed board electric circuit providing the various connections of the control panel of the appliance.
  • With reference now to the various figures of the accompanying drawings, and more particularly referring first to the diagrammatic general views of tha appliance of Figs. 1 and 2, the electric household appliance according to the present invention comprises an outer body or housing 1 preferably of insulating and shock resistant material such as ABS resin, mounted on a base 2 of sheet plate, from which the feet 3 as well as the brackets 4 are made, to which a flange 5 is fixed, on which the plate 6 is supported, containing the electric resistances for heating the overlying boiler 7 of stainless steel so as to avoid formation of calcareous deposit.
  • The boiler 7 of stainless steel preferably has a circular shape, to make its construction the easiest possible, and a filler 8 the end of which is an internally threaded mouth in which the plug 9 is screwed, said plug being provided with a bleed hole and a safety valve, as it will be illustrated in greater detail hereinafter, with reference to Fig. 3.
  • On its lateral surface the boiler 7 has a thermostat 10 measuring the temperature of the metal surface of the boiler near the electric resistances 6 and switches off the current when such a temperature exceeds a predetermined value (80-90°C) which generally occurs when water is missing in the boiler.
  • On the dome or top the boiler 7 there are two fittings 11 and 12, slightly projecting inside the boiler so as to be used also as a drip, one of which is connected to a pressure switch 13 measuring the steam pressure and triggering a microswitch when the value exceeds a predetermined pressure, as it will be illustrated in greater detail with reference to Fig. 4, while the other fitting is connected to an electric valve 14 made of stainless steel, which is controlled by a push button arranged on the iron (not shown), to which it is connected by the electrical cable 15 and the sheathed rubber hose 16 for high pressure operation: when the push botton of the electric iron is pressed, valve 14 opens and steam is fed to said iron, which was properly modified by providing said push botton and a suitable adaptor to the steam feeding hose 16 replacing the filling plug presently used for steam irons; however these are the only little modifications that have to be made to the conventional electric steam irons. It is also advisable that the appliance is provided with a rod 17 having a hook 18 to hang the electric cable 15 and the steam feeding hose 16 so that their weight does not affect the outgoing block 19, where a bend and a wear spot of said cable and hose could be created.
  • The boiler 7 is arranged at the center of the housing 1 and well spaced from it along all sides, so as to obtain an efficient air circulation all around the lateral surface of the boiler as well as above and under it, so that the electric valve, the pressure switch, the thermostat, the electric circuits and the same housing of the appliance are all kept well cooled and are minimally subject to the influence of the boiler heat. More particularly air can enter inside the body at the bottom from the slots obtained by cutting the brackets 4, at the top from a set of openings 20 and on the sides through similar sets of openings 21, while on the perimetral faces of the boiler 7 there is an isolating layer 22 of rock wool.
  • It has also to be noted that the filler 8 was designed inclined so that its maximum filling level indicated by the line L is at such a height that inside the boiler 7, above said level L, there is always an air chamber C in the boiler dome or top, allowing to bring efficiently the steam to the desired pressure and temperature, as much free as possible of water at the liquid state.
  • On the front side the appliance has the controls consisting of two switches and three lamps, the whole connected to a printed circuit board 23 operating at the normal voltage of the mains, so as to remove the need of providing a voltage reduction for the control circuits, making the entire electric network of the appliance simpler, safer and stronger, a measure which up to now was never adopted on little electric household appliances.
  • The printed circuit 23 shown in detail in Fig. 5 comprises the contacts 24 of the switch for inserting the boiler heating resistances, with contacts 25 for the corresponding light which is switched off when the desired steam pressure is reached, contacts 26 for the light S indicating that the appliance is live, the contacts 27 of the switch feeding current to the iron with contacts 28 of the corresponding light which is always lit until there is current fed to the iron, being as usually provided with its own thermostat and corresponding light to adjust the temperature of the ironing plate according to the kind of textile to be pressed. The printed circuit 23 is then complete 29 with permanent fast-on connections with the various above mentioned electric components.
  • With reference now to Fig. 3, the closure plug 9 with its safety valve is illustrated in detail. The plug consists of a body 30 which is embedded in the control knob 31 and having a threaded end 32 with a teflon sealing washer 33, said end 32 being screwed in the filler 8 and having the bleed hole 34 for discharging the pressure as soon as the plug starts to be unscrewed, so that the user is immediately made aware of the presence of steam under pressure and desists from further unscrewing the plug until the bleed is ended. Inside the body 30 there is the safety valve, in turn comprising a teflon washer 35, a polygonal faceted body 36, a stainless steel spring 37 and an adjustment screw 38 with relief hole 39, while faceting of the body 36 is discharging through the safety holes 40 of the plug body 30.
  • The safety valve is calibrated to close at 2 atm and discharge at 2.4 - 2.5 atm in the practical embodiment described herein.
  • Going now to Fig. 4, the details of the pressure switch 13 are illustrated, consisting of a plug 41 which is connected through the threaded stem 42 to the fitting 11 and is screwed on the central body 43, from which through a setting nut 44 the body 45 extends to the outside, being a guide for the plunger or needle 46 of stainless steel, on the head 47 of which there is a O-Ring 48 and an adjustment screw 49 to press the spring 50 placed around its stem.
  • The guide body 45 is provided with aeration holes 51 so as to cool the microswitch 52 fixed to it.
  • In the described embodiment, the pressure switch is calibrated at 2 atm, i.e. as soon as the calibration pressure is exceeded, the pressure pushes plunger 46 against the force of spring 50 and the free end of said plunger 46 pushes the contact head 53 of the microswitch 52, so as to break the current feed to the electric resistances, while as soon as the pressure falls under the calibration value, the spring 50 causes the plunger 46 to move back and microswitch 52 switches on again the electric resistances so as to produce again steam.
  • From the preceding detailed description one can therefore clearly see the structure and the great advantages which can be obtained with the appliance of the present invention, but it has again to be pointed out that only an illustrative embodiment was described and shown in the drawings, and therefore many modification, additions, substitutions and variations of elements may be resorted to said appliance, without departing however from its spirit or from its objects, nor from its protection scope.

Claims (9)

1) Electrical household appliance for producing and feeding steam to an electric iron, characterized by the fact of comprising a boiler of stainless steel, heated by electric resistances and arranged at the center of an outer housing or body of insulating and shock resistant plastic material, said boiler being provided with a pressure switch to adjust the steam pressure, a thermostat checking lack of water in the boiler and a safety valve to avoid overpressure and accidents due to untimely opening of the boiler plug.
2) Appliance according to Claim 1, characterized by the fact that the boiler is of circular shape and is spaced from the bottom and the top housing, as well as from all its lateral surfaces, where it is preferably placed an isolating material such as rock wool, to obtain an adequate air circulation inside the housing, keeping cooled the various control and adjustment elements and the electric circuits, said air being introduced through suitable sets of aeration slots and openings made in said housing.
3) Appliance according to Claim 1, characterized by the fact that the boiler has an inclined filler, causing the maximum water level in the boiler not to reach the boiler top, always leaving an upper dome or air chamber for steam generation.
4) Appliance according to Claims 1 and 3, characterized by the fact the filler is closed by a plug that, when unscrewing is started, clears a bleed hole which signals and discharges the steam pressure existing unside the boiler.
5) Appliance according to Claims 1 and 4, characterized by the fact that the plug has a safety valve which releases steam pressure when this exceeds a predetermined value of calibration of said valve.
6) Appliance according to Claim 1, characterized by the fact that the thermostat is arranged on the lateral outer surface of the boiler and measures its temperature, so as to brek current feed to the electric resistances when the temperature exceeds a predetermined value indicative of lack of water inside said boiler.
7) Appliance according to Claim 1, characterized by the fact that the pressure switch is in communication with the boiler dome and with its plunger actuates a microswitch breaking current feed to the electric resistances when the steam pressure exceeds the calibration value of said pressure.
8) Appliance according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that the control circuits, the switches and the lamps are all connected to a printed circuit board which is mounted behind the control area of the appliance and operates at the normal voltage of the mains.
9) Appliance according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that the steam produced is delivered to the electric iron through a steam electric valve which is connected to the boiler dome, is controlled by a push button placed on the iron and delivers steam thereto through a hose for high pressure, said hose and the electrical cable for the connection with the iron being supported by a hooked rod mounted on the appliance body.
EP82104883A 1981-07-02 1982-06-03 Electrical household appliance for producing and feeding steam to an electric iron Withdrawn EP0069858A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IT2270481 1981-07-02
IT2270481A IT1137703B (en) 1981-07-02 1981-07-02 Domestic appliance for the production of steam and its feeding to an iron

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0069858A1 true EP0069858A1 (en) 1983-01-19

Family

ID=11199443

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP82104883A Withdrawn EP0069858A1 (en) 1981-07-02 1982-06-03 Electrical household appliance for producing and feeding steam to an electric iron

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0069858A1 (en)
IT (1) IT1137703B (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0330034A1 (en) * 1988-02-24 1989-08-30 Micromax International S.r.l. A boiler for steam irons, incorporating an improved replenishment manifold
EP0423540A1 (en) * 1989-10-20 1991-04-24 S.T.E.M. S.R.L. Steam generator for domestic and industrial use
US5189726A (en) * 1990-09-28 1993-02-23 Cts Costruzioni Techniche Sanmarinesi Steam producing apparatus for home use with low cold water reservoir level steam output stoppage
EP0563506A1 (en) * 1992-03-31 1993-10-06 Costruzioni Tecniche Sammarinesi - C.T.S. Device for filling and closing pressurized-steam containers
WO1997021866A1 (en) * 1995-12-14 1997-06-19 Philips Electronics N.V. Iron arrangement and/or a steam chamber, the latter often being integrated in the soleplate
KR100463530B1 (en) * 2002-10-10 2004-12-29 엘지전자 주식회사 Service Providing Method in Mobile Communication System
WO2007085145A1 (en) * 2006-01-25 2007-08-02 Guirong Song Electric iron using boiler-type steam generator

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2014836A (en) * 1933-09-16 1935-09-17 Commercial Products Company Portable device for producing and delivering steam and hot water under pressure
US2590620A (en) * 1948-01-30 1952-03-25 Speed Meal Corp Safety and release valve for pressure cookers
US2627015A (en) * 1948-08-23 1953-01-27 Electric Steam Cleaner Mfg Cor Electric steam generator and cleaner
US2785272A (en) * 1955-04-25 1957-03-12 Hal H Baly Steam generator
FR1237897A (en) * 1959-06-25 1960-08-05 C E V I N Portable Steam generator
US3025381A (en) * 1959-02-09 1962-03-13 Walter E Pickering Steam generator
US3436852A (en) * 1967-06-12 1969-04-08 Burton J Stansbury Steam generator and steam iron combination
DE2237735A1 (en) * 1972-08-01 1974-02-07 Tuerk & Hillinger Kg Electrically heated evaporator insert
US3823497A (en) * 1973-05-02 1974-07-16 Durable Int Inc Steam generating and control system
FR2260749A1 (en) * 1974-02-13 1975-09-05 Setric Small steam superheater for laboratory use - with steam at atmospheric pressure to avoid need for heavy pressure vessel

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2014836A (en) * 1933-09-16 1935-09-17 Commercial Products Company Portable device for producing and delivering steam and hot water under pressure
US2590620A (en) * 1948-01-30 1952-03-25 Speed Meal Corp Safety and release valve for pressure cookers
US2627015A (en) * 1948-08-23 1953-01-27 Electric Steam Cleaner Mfg Cor Electric steam generator and cleaner
US2785272A (en) * 1955-04-25 1957-03-12 Hal H Baly Steam generator
US3025381A (en) * 1959-02-09 1962-03-13 Walter E Pickering Steam generator
FR1237897A (en) * 1959-06-25 1960-08-05 C E V I N Portable Steam generator
US3436852A (en) * 1967-06-12 1969-04-08 Burton J Stansbury Steam generator and steam iron combination
DE2237735A1 (en) * 1972-08-01 1974-02-07 Tuerk & Hillinger Kg Electrically heated evaporator insert
US3823497A (en) * 1973-05-02 1974-07-16 Durable Int Inc Steam generating and control system
FR2260749A1 (en) * 1974-02-13 1975-09-05 Setric Small steam superheater for laboratory use - with steam at atmospheric pressure to avoid need for heavy pressure vessel

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0330034A1 (en) * 1988-02-24 1989-08-30 Micromax International S.r.l. A boiler for steam irons, incorporating an improved replenishment manifold
EP0423540A1 (en) * 1989-10-20 1991-04-24 S.T.E.M. S.R.L. Steam generator for domestic and industrial use
US5189726A (en) * 1990-09-28 1993-02-23 Cts Costruzioni Techniche Sanmarinesi Steam producing apparatus for home use with low cold water reservoir level steam output stoppage
EP0563506A1 (en) * 1992-03-31 1993-10-06 Costruzioni Tecniche Sammarinesi - C.T.S. Device for filling and closing pressurized-steam containers
WO1997021866A1 (en) * 1995-12-14 1997-06-19 Philips Electronics N.V. Iron arrangement and/or a steam chamber, the latter often being integrated in the soleplate
KR100463530B1 (en) * 2002-10-10 2004-12-29 엘지전자 주식회사 Service Providing Method in Mobile Communication System
WO2007085145A1 (en) * 2006-01-25 2007-08-02 Guirong Song Electric iron using boiler-type steam generator

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
IT1137703B (en) 1986-09-10
IT8122704D0 (en) 1981-07-02

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AK Designated contracting states:

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE FR GB IT LI LU NL SE

18D Deemed to be withdrawn

Effective date: 19831229