DE10245914B4 - Process for the manufacture of parquet or veneer floorboards - Google Patents

Process for the manufacture of parquet or veneer floorboards

Info

Publication number
DE10245914B4
DE10245914B4 DE10245914A DE10245914A DE10245914B4 DE 10245914 B4 DE10245914 B4 DE 10245914B4 DE 10245914 A DE10245914 A DE 10245914A DE 10245914 A DE10245914 A DE 10245914A DE 10245914 B4 DE10245914 B4 DE 10245914B4
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
characterized
method according
wood
top layer
preceding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
DE10245914A
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
DE10245914A1 (en
Inventor
Volker Kettler
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Witex AG
Original Assignee
Witex Flooring Products GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Witex Flooring Products GmbH filed Critical Witex Flooring Products GmbH
Priority to DE10245914A priority Critical patent/DE10245914B4/en
Publication of DE10245914A1 publication Critical patent/DE10245914A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE10245914B4 publication Critical patent/DE10245914B4/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B21/00Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board
    • B32B21/04Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board comprising wood as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D7/00Processes, other than flocking, specially adapted for applying liquids or other fluent materials to particular surfaces or for applying particular liquids or other fluent materials
    • B05D7/06Processes, other than flocking, specially adapted for applying liquids or other fluent materials to particular surfaces or for applying particular liquids or other fluent materials to wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B21/00Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B21/00Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board
    • B32B21/02Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board the layer being formed of fibres, chips, or particles, e.g. MDF, HDF, OSB, chipboard, particle board, hardboard
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B7/00Layered products characterised by the relation between layers; Layered products characterised by the relative orientation of features between layers, or by the relative values of a measurable parameter between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical, chemical or physicochemical properties; Layered products characterised by the interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/04Interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/12Interconnection of layers using interposed adhesives or interposed materials with bonding properties
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D5/00Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces to obtain special surface effects, finishes or structures
    • B05D5/02Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces to obtain special surface effects, finishes or structures to obtain a matt or rough surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D5/00Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces to obtain special surface effects, finishes or structures
    • B05D5/06Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces to obtain special surface effects, finishes or structures to obtain multicolour or other optical effects
    • B05D5/061Special surface effect
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/34Organic impregnating agents
    • B27K3/36Aliphatic compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2471/00Floor coverings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M1/00Inking and printing with a printer's forme
    • B41M1/26Printing on other surfaces than ordinary paper
    • B41M1/38Printing on other surfaces than ordinary paper on wooden surfaces, leather, or linoleum

Abstract

A process for the production of parquet or veneer floor panels having a support plate made of wood, wood materials, chipboard, MDF, HDF or plywood and a top layer of real wood, in which the top layer of real wood is subjected to impregnation with thermosetting plastics, then dried and is glued to the carrier plate, in which method, the top layer is then printed with a wood reproduction of high quality woods.

Description

  • The The invention relates to a process for the production of parquet or Veneer floor panels that a carrier plate made of wood, wood materials, chipboard, MDF, HDF or plywood and have a cover layer of real wood.
  • Find wooden floors due to its smooth, easy-care surface and appealing appearance more and more interest in the market. The appearance of the surface will intended for wooden floors by the type of wood, the grain, the color of the wood and possibly a surface finish or Surface oiling. Especially Wood species, mostly tropical woods, are popular in this context not only a very advantageous visual appearance, but also very good mechanical properties, in particular printing and wear resistance exhibit. Such woods however, they are expensive and they are not available in unlimited quantities Available.
  • It is known, high-quality veneer, parquet or other wooden floors with Help of a very hard and very thick paint coating of more than 0.1 mm thickness against indentations in use as much as possible to protect. However, it goes the natural Wood character largely lost.
  • The DE 42 06 021 describes a method for the production of veneered molded parts, in which a support, several intermediate veneers and a top veneer are bonded together by means of glue under the application of pressure and heat in a molding press to form a blank. In this process, the top veneer is bleached and / or dyed, cemented, sanded and provided with an insulating and / or lacquer layer. The cover veneers are dyed through in a dyeing liquor, treated with a resin binder added to the dyeing liquor, then dried and bonded together with the support and the intermediate veneers in a molding press. A similar procedure is from the DE 295 16 464 known. This method should be usable in particular for the furniture industry. As a resin for impregnating the wood parts, for example, a melamine resin is proposed. For further prior art is on the DE 694 08 363 T2 , the DE 695 13 982 T2 and the DE 100 51 978 A1 Referenced.
  • The DE 195 02 389 A1 describes a method for producing structured layers on sheet-like support materials, in particular for producing raised structures on wood products for furniture production, a printing method, apparently a more precise embossing method, by which a substance forming the structure of the surface is applied to the support material. Obviously this is intended to imitate the structure of a wood grain.
  • The DE 100 31 030 A1 describes a method and an apparatus for producing flat components with predetermined surface appearance, in particular front panels for kitchen elements. This publication is concerned with printing with a component with a wood veneer surface or a plastic surface with patterns that can be selected "order-related" (paragraph [0004]), without requiring a larger storage for individual orders.
  • Of the Invention is based on the object, a process for the preparation a veneer, parquet or other wooden floor, which allows when using simple, inexpensive, relatively soft woods one in terms of mechanical properties - indentation resistance, scratch resistance - high quality, to create an appealing wood appearance possessing surface.
  • These The object is achieved by a method having the features of the claim 1 solved.
  • thermoset Synthetic resins, in particular phenolic resins or melamine resins obtain after curing a big Hardness and Dimensional stability as well a good abrasion resistance. It is possible today, not just papers, but also veneers or thin ones To impregnate wood panels with synthetic resins of the type mentioned in such a way that this Wood completely from the synthetic resin is penetrated. This is preferably done by Pressure vessel impregnation at To press from about 5-10 bar. After a subsequent Drying of z. B. about 24 hours in a special drying oven at z. B. 80 ° C obtain after this treatment also softwood veneers of poplar, Linden or maple wood, spruce or pine wood mechanical strength values, those of high-quality tropical woods at least equal are. As a result of impregnation are the pore structures of sensitive woods so filled with resin that they no longer react to moisture and remain stable in their dimensions.
  • The Appearance becomes higher by imprinting a wood reproduction woods improved. This creates a high quality real wood floor, without that the Use of high quality woods, in particular tropical wood necessary is. The cover layer is made after impregnation on a support Wood, wood-based materials such as chipboard, MDF, HDF glued or is incorporated into a plywood structure in the usual way.
  • In this way, for example, wood floors with two-bar, three-bar or four-bar ship surface can be made, without the veneers are first professionally assembled as a veneer surface, then glued as an element and then painted. Instead, a much more favorable, wide slab veneer can be used in which the ship's bottom appearance and / or joints have been printed. Despite the two-dimensional printing, surprisingly, unlike paper, the wood look remains very realistic.
  • The Top layer can with a transparent top coat as a wear layer or for Achieving special gloss levels become.
  • Provided No coloring is required because the used Real wood has a sufficiently structured appearance or a visually restrained one surface it is asked for, It may also be sufficient on the surface of an industrial oiling or a paint z. B. based on renewable raw materials. The effect can be enhanced be when the veneer surface before the oil or lacquer treatment mechanically roughened with hard bristles becomes. One speaks in these cases of antique-look or decor-print.
  • As mentioned, it is technically possible today, real wood panels in pressure vessels with melamine resins or the like to impregnate. After the usual division start veneers for Wear surface on floors at about 0.4 mm and the real wood layers of parquet at 2.5 mm.
  • The produced by the method according to the invention Allow plates diverse Designs. They behave in terms of dimensional stability in use very positive. The danger of dwindling or swelling is very great low. Therefore, the boards are also suitable for special applications such as installation in wet areas or on the other hand laying in very dry rooms. Dislocations by sources or shrinkage cracks due to shrinking practically do not occur. The Plates can therefore also over laid a floor heating become.
  • The Invention is not limited on the use of particularly soft, inexpensive woods such as Poplar wood. Also higher quality Woods, like Oak, beech, maple, cherry, etc. can impregnation of the invention subjected and thus essential in their mechanical properties be improved. You can, if the grain image is appealing, exposed to a thin industrial oiling become.
  • laminate panels as well as parquet or veneer floor panels are used in today Practice only made in relatively small sizes, hence the dividing lines or joints on the short sides less noticeable. When printing of a veneer, it makes sense to produce significantly larger plate sizes up to large formats from approx. 2,050 to 2,600 mm, which considerably facilitates the laying work. In that case, would It especially recommend the short sides according to the Wooden strip staircase or to graduate irregularly. In this way, there is a step line to the next plate, which can not easily be traced by the look, so that the dividing lines on the short sides of each plate does not attract attention and the impression of a real parquet or veneer floor.
  • In such a stepped short-side edge, it would be sufficient to provide the outermost edges with a modified tongue and groove profiling, which provides a positive connection, therefore prevents drifting adjacent plates. Such edge profiling are known to a considerable extent (eg. GB 2 256 023 , EP 698 162 B2 . EP 843 763 B2 ). They allow laying without the use of glue. With a step-shaped short side, naturally only the outermost edges can be connected by angling. Better suited is a latching or snap-profiling on the short sides. At least partially simple tongue and groove profiles can be used, which can be pushed together flat.

Claims (13)

  1. Method for producing parquet or veneer floorboards, the one carrier plate made of wood, wood materials, chipboard, MDF, HDF or plywood and a top layer of real wood, in which the top layer of real wood an impregnation is subjected to thermosetting plastics, then dried and with the carrier plate is glued, in which method, the top layer then with a wood reproduction of high quality woods is printed.
  2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that that the impregnation takes place in the pressure vessel.
  3. Method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized that the thermosetting resin is a melamine resin.
  4. Method according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized that the real wood after impregnation is dried in an oven.
  5. Method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized characterized in that the impregnated Cover layer on the carrier plate is glued on.
  6. Method according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized that the impregnated top layer inserted in a plywood structure becomes.
  7. Method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized characterized in that the printed cover layer with a transparent Topcoating coated becomes.
  8. Method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized characterized in that the pressure is effected by means of a paint.
  9. Method according to one of claims 1 to 7, characterized that on the top layer a thin Indus shoots oiling is applied.
  10. Method according to one of claims 1 to 7, characterized that a varnish of renewable raw materials is applied to the top layer.
  11. Method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized characterized in that the strength the real wood top layer is 0.5 to 5 mm.
  12. Method according to one of claims 7 to 11, characterized that the topcoat of the transparent top layer is antiabrasive Contains particles, in particular corundum.
  13. Method according to one of claims 1 to 12, characterized that the floor slab is rectangular with two longer sides and two shorter sides be prepared, and that the shorter sides accordingly the course of individual board strips are formed stepwise in the printed image.
DE10245914A 2002-10-01 2002-10-01 Process for the manufacture of parquet or veneer floorboards Expired - Fee Related DE10245914B4 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10245914A DE10245914B4 (en) 2002-10-01 2002-10-01 Process for the manufacture of parquet or veneer floorboards

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10245914A DE10245914B4 (en) 2002-10-01 2002-10-01 Process for the manufacture of parquet or veneer floorboards

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE10245914A1 DE10245914A1 (en) 2004-04-15
DE10245914B4 true DE10245914B4 (en) 2010-09-16

Family

ID=32010080

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE10245914A Expired - Fee Related DE10245914B4 (en) 2002-10-01 2002-10-01 Process for the manufacture of parquet or veneer floorboards

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE10245914B4 (en)

Families Citing this family (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10362218B4 (en) 2003-09-06 2010-09-16 Kronotec Ag Method for sealing a building board
DE102004032058B4 (en) * 2004-07-01 2009-12-03 Fritz Egger Gmbh & Co. A method of making a panel having a decorative surface and a panel having a decorative surface
DE102005006599B4 (en) * 2005-02-11 2011-11-24 Kronotec Ag Wood-based panel with a surface coating applied at least in sections
DE102006052293C5 (en) 2006-11-03 2011-02-03 Kronotec Ag Wood-based panel with real wood veneer and process for its production
DE102007008062A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-21 Edwin Lingg Production of digitally printed cork floor tiles comprises tempering a highly compressed cork substrate, adhering and pressing an elastic damping layer, a high density fiberboard carrier plate and the cork substrate and further processing
DE102007043202A1 (en) 2007-09-11 2009-03-26 Guido Schulte Floor/wall/ceiling panel, has carrier plate made of fiber material, upper-sided solid wood layer constituted of stamped surface structure, and intermediate layer provided between carrier plate and wood layer
ES2368631B1 (en) * 2009-09-23 2012-07-16 Jesús Francisco Barberán Latorre Coating process of canteed wood pieces.
DE102010010784C5 (en) 2010-03-09 2017-03-23 Fritz Egger Gmbh & Co. Og Method and device for producing a plate-shaped product with a surface having a decoration
DE202014102031U1 (en) 2013-11-27 2014-07-18 Guido Schulte Floor, wall, ceiling or furniture panel
DE202013011974U1 (en) 2013-11-27 2014-12-11 Guido Schulte floorboard
DE202013012020U1 (en) 2013-11-27 2015-02-03 Guido Schulte Floor, wall or ceiling panel
DE102013113109A1 (en) 2013-11-27 2015-06-11 Guido Schulte floorboard
DE102013113130A1 (en) 2013-11-27 2015-06-11 Guido Schulte Method for producing a floorboard
DE102013113125A1 (en) 2013-11-27 2015-05-28 Guido Schulte Floor, wall or ceiling panel and method of making the same
JP6567555B2 (en) 2014-05-12 2019-08-28 ベーリンゲ、イノベイション、アクチボラグVaelinge Innovation Ab Single plate element manufacturing method and single plate element
JP2017503688A (en) 2014-01-10 2017-02-02 ベーリンゲ、イノベイション、アクチボラグVaelinge Innovation Ab Veneer element manufacturing method
BE1023310A1 (en) 2015-07-02 2017-01-31 Unilin Bvba Floor panel and method for manufacturing floor panels.
US10576715B2 (en) 2015-07-10 2020-03-03 Aladdin Manufacturing Corporation Flooring board with a thin veneer wood aesthetic and durable surface
WO2019135141A1 (en) 2018-01-08 2019-07-11 Unilin, Bvba Floor panel and methods for manufacturing floor panels

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE29516464U1 (en) * 1994-10-21 1996-01-11 Pagholz Formteile Gmbh Resin molded wood body
DE19502389A1 (en) * 1995-01-26 1996-08-01 Bausch Ag Prodn. of strong, abrasion-resistant decorative relief on substrate
DE4206021C2 (en) * 1992-02-27 1996-12-19 Votteler Lackfabrik Gmbh & Co Process for the production of veneered molded parts
DE69408363T2 (en) * 1993-05-28 1998-06-25 Finnforest Oy Process for hardening wood material
DE69513982T2 (en) * 1994-08-01 2000-05-31 Tarkett Sommer Sa Method for producing a flooring with a wood or wood-like original layer and the products produced in this process
DE10051978A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2002-05-16 Henkel Dorus Gmbh & Co Kg Production of a water-repellent finish on glueless laminates, especially floor elements, comprises coating them with a composition comprising a drying oil, a siccative and a wax

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4206021C2 (en) * 1992-02-27 1996-12-19 Votteler Lackfabrik Gmbh & Co Process for the production of veneered molded parts
DE69408363T2 (en) * 1993-05-28 1998-06-25 Finnforest Oy Process for hardening wood material
DE69513982T2 (en) * 1994-08-01 2000-05-31 Tarkett Sommer Sa Method for producing a flooring with a wood or wood-like original layer and the products produced in this process
DE29516464U1 (en) * 1994-10-21 1996-01-11 Pagholz Formteile Gmbh Resin molded wood body
DE19502389A1 (en) * 1995-01-26 1996-08-01 Bausch Ag Prodn. of strong, abrasion-resistant decorative relief on substrate
DE10051978A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2002-05-16 Henkel Dorus Gmbh & Co Kg Production of a water-repellent finish on glueless laminates, especially floor elements, comprises coating them with a composition comprising a drying oil, a siccative and a wax

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
OP8 Request for examination as to paragraph 44 patent law
8127 New person/name/address of the applicant

Owner name: WITEX AG, 32832 AUGUSTDORF, DE

8127 New person/name/address of the applicant

Owner name: WITEX FLOORING PRODUCTS GMBH, 32832 AUGUSTDORF, DE

8364 No opposition during term of opposition
R119 Application deemed withdrawn, or ip right lapsed, due to non-payment of renewal fee