DE10225332B4 - Storage buffer and method for storing piece goods for an automated general cargo warehouse - Google Patents

Storage buffer and method for storing piece goods for an automated general cargo warehouse

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Publication number
DE10225332B4
DE10225332B4 DE2002125332 DE10225332A DE10225332B4 DE 10225332 B4 DE10225332 B4 DE 10225332B4 DE 2002125332 DE2002125332 DE 2002125332 DE 10225332 A DE10225332 A DE 10225332A DE 10225332 B4 DE10225332 B4 DE 10225332B4
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
piece goods
storage area
characterized
general cargo
buffer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
DE2002125332
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
DE10225332A1 (en
Inventor
Rudolf M Wagner
Markus Willems
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Rowa Automatisierungssysteme GmbH
Original Assignee
Wagner, Rudolf M., Dipl.-Ing.
Markus Willems
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wagner, Rudolf M., Dipl.-Ing., Markus Willems filed Critical Wagner, Rudolf M., Dipl.-Ing.
Priority to DE2002125332 priority Critical patent/DE10225332B4/en
Publication of DE10225332A1 publication Critical patent/DE10225332A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE10225332B4 publication Critical patent/DE10225332B4/en
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/12Storage devices mechanical with separate article supports or holders movable in a closed circuit to facilitate insertion or removal of articles the articles being books, documents, forms or the like
    • B65G1/127Storage devices mechanical with separate article supports or holders movable in a closed circuit to facilitate insertion or removal of articles the articles being books, documents, forms or the like the circuit being confined in a vertical plane
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/0485Check-in, check-out devices

Abstract

Storage buffer (1) for buffering in an automated general cargo storage (2) to be stored, essentially rectangular shaped piece goods of different dimensions before they are stored in the general cargo warehouse,
with a plurality of movable, mutually coupled, substantially similar bearing surfaces (10) which are coupled to a drive such that they circulate between a plurality of stations,
the stations include:
at least one loading station (17) on which one of the bearing surfaces, when positioned there, is randomly occupied by a plurality of piece goods (18), and
at least one repositioning station (20) on which with a gripping device (23, 24) piece goods (22) of one of the bearing surfaces (10), when positioned there, taken and depending on previously detected dimensions of the cargo in a predetermined orientation this bearing surface (10) and / or another bearing surface (10) are placed so that one or more ordered occupied bearing surfaces (10) are formed, wherein the positions at which the piece goods on the orally ordered bearing surface (s) placed ...

Description

  • The The invention relates to a storage buffer for an automated general cargo warehouse for im essential cuboid General cargo different Dimensions and a method for storing such cargo in a automated general cargo warehouse.
  • Automated general cargo warehouses for essentially cuboid general cargo of different dimensions are used, for example, in pharmacies for storing medicament packs. Such a piece goods warehouse is for example in the patent DE 195 09 951 C2 described. It comprises several shelves with flat shelves, which can be arranged at different distances. The shelves are positioned so that between two opposite shelves a narrow aisle remains. In this corridor, a computer-controlled operating device moves in all three spatial coordinates. The operating device has facilities with which a medicament pack can be grasped, transported and deposited on a shelf. For storing a drug package, this is drawn, for example, on a support platform of the HMI device and held there. Subsequently, the support platform of the HMI device is transported to the desired shelf storage location and positioned in front of the shelf. Then the drug package is pushed from the support platform of the HMI device to the shelf.
  • to Infeed with drug packages to be stored has the in The shelf storage described above, a circulating, horizontal conveyor belt on that between two shelves is located inside one of the shelves and on a side wall the shelf emerges from the inside of the shelf, the over the Sidewall of the shelf projecting section of the conveyor forms a task station. In the loading station, the delivered drug packages by an operator in a predetermined orientation on the conveyor belt hung up. Thereupon the medicament pack placed on the conveyor belt becomes with the help of a feed of the conveyor belt transported to the inside of the shelf. There can be the drug package from the HMI device from the conveyor belt removed and stored in a free shelf position. The between two shelves in a shelf extending horizontal conveyor belt forms a storage buffer. At the loading station can as long as newly delivered drug packages in the specified Orientation on the conveyor belt be placed on the shelf and transported to the interior of the shelf until the entire conveyor belt is occupied. The recording capacity This storage buffer is determined by the length of the conveyor belt and thus by the Length of the Shelves in which the conveyor belt is arranged, given.
  • at be known from the aforementioned patent bearing arrangement the drug packages to be stored before being placed on the conveyor belt manually identified at the loading station by the operator, wherein a bar code located on the drug package is detected, by manually pointing a barcode reader to the barcode. The thus identified drug package is in a given Orientation on the conveyor belt put on and go through then over the conveyor belt arranged surveying station, at the dimensions of the drug package detected and stored in association with the identifier of the bar code become.
  • adversely in this known arrangement it is that the individual drug packages manually identified in advance and then in the specified orientation on the conveyor belt must be hung up individually.
  • Out DE 44 20 357 A1 is a magazine system for mechanical stacking and unstacking of pallets or other carrier systems known. The interior of a storage cart can accommodate two juxtaposed stacks of stacked pallets or the like. The storage trolley is provided with guiding and holding means such that the pallet stacks can be inserted laterally into the trolley and also lift the pallets in one of the two stacks and lower them in the adjacent stack and move them in the lowermost level from the lowered stack under the raised stack and in the top level of the raised stack on the lowered stack can move. Due to these lifting, lowering and shifting possibilities, a rotating movement of the individual pallets within and between the two stacks is made possible.
  • DE 197 1799 C2 relates to a device for storing units of goods and describes inter alia a mechanical detector matrix in a shelf, which detects the presence of overlying cargo.
  • task The invention therefore is to provide a storage buffer, which reduces the labor involved in storing drug packages can be.
  • These The object is achieved by a Storage buffer with the features of claim 1 or by a method for storage with the features of the claim 17 solved.
  • Of the Storage buffers according to the invention for an automated storage goods storage for im essential cuboid Piece goods of different dimensions has several movable, coupled together, essentially similar storage areas on, which are coupled to a drive so that they are between can circulate several stations. The stations comprise at least one loading station and at least a transfer station. At the loading station can be positioned there storage area disordered with several piece goods be occupied. At the Umlagerstation can with a Umlagervorrichtung General cargo of one there positioned storage area taken and in a predetermined orientation on this storage area and / or another storage area be hung up so that a or a plurality of ordered storage areas are formed, wherein the positions of the loaded general cargo in association with the ordered storage area (s) detected and stored in a controller. This storage buffer allows unordered loading with einzulagernden piece goods (e.g. Drug packs). At the same time, the in-memory buffer an additional Partial warehouse of the general cargo shelf warehouse That is, on the ordered stored on the storage areas cargo can as well for one Drug issue are accessed, as on the piece goods in the associated Bay warehouse. This allows for faster availability of the newly delivered Drug packages. The provision of the transfer station allows a for the Operating personnel simplified storage. At the transfer station will be the first disorderly stored piece goods in such a way rearranged that they in a given orientation on the bearing surfaces and be stored at a predetermined position. The at the transfer station Goods taken from the unordered occupied storage area can either returned to the same storage area in the specified orientation or it may prove advantageous to have the piece goods on one other, previously empty storage area hang up. If the unordered occupied storage area relatively is densely occupied, it may prove advantageous that the of this unscheduled occupied storage area taken piece goods for Part on the same storage area traveled and placed on another storage area to another part or alternatively the taken piece goods on several other storage areas be distributed.
  • at a preferred embodiment the stations of the storage buffer comprise at least one (preferably several) removal station, at which the piece goods of a positioned there arranged occupied storage area with the help of an HMI device of the general cargo warehouse removed and into the general cargo warehouse can be stored. The separate removal station (s) has / have the advantage of being on one for the operating device easily accessible position of the circulation path of the storage areas positioned be kaan / can.
  • at an advantageous embodiment of the storage buffer according to the invention are the storage areas in the manner of a paternoster coupled with each other the storage areas in its circulation, preferably at the front of the paternoster in one direction and at the back move the paternoster in the opposite direction. The usage a paternoster from storage areas as a storage buffer allows a high capacity at low horizontal depth. Preferably, the loading station is on the front and the at least one removal station on the back arranged the paternoster. For example, is located at the Front of the paternoster a panel in which a window is released by the einzugagernden piece goods on a positioned behind the window storage area can be pushed. The backside the paternoster is then preferably immediately in front of the shelf storage arranged in the access area of the storage and retrieval unit. In a preferred embodiment the storage areas are moving at the front up and at the back down. The least a transfer station is then preferably at the upper deflection region arranged the paternoster. This latter preferred embodiments allow a small depth, i. a relatively small surface area of the in-buffer in the horizontal plane. Such a Storage buffer can exploit the entire height of the rack storage, so that a relatively high storage capacity in the storage buffer. The paternoster can go beyond that not just a loop with an ascending branch and a have downwardly moving branch, but also two loops with two stretches, in which the storage areas move upwards, and two routes in which the storage areas move downwards. The Feeding station can be arranged at the front, that yourself an ergonomic position (height) the loading opening results.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, a sensor arrangement is provided at the transfer station, with the aid of which the occupancy of the bearing surfaces and the dimensions of the base surfaces on which the piece goods rest on the bearing surface, detected and fed to the control device. Preferably, the Lagerflä chen floors that allow optical detection of the occupancy of the bearing surfaces by an arranged below the position of the bearing surface at the transfer station optical sensor arrangement. The storage areas have, for example, transparent or translucent glass or plastic floors. Preferably, a light source is placed over the glass shelves to facilitate image capture for the sensor array.
  • At the transfer station is in a preferred embodiment one with the control device and a measuring device for detecting the height dimensions the piece goods connected gripping device. The gripping device takes the piece goods from the storage area in dependence from the captured Occupancy of the storage areas and the dimensions of the bases the piece goods as well as in dependence from the gathered Height dimensions. This preferred development has the advantage that the surveying station is integrated into the storage buffer. The gripping device for removing and reloading the piece goods is preferably a separate control unit next to the HMI device of the shelf warehouse. Thus, the function of the existing HMI device of the shelf storage is not through the processes at the transfer station (lifting, measuring, depositing). For example, the controller uses the gripping device who sent her from the sensor array Floor space dimensions to set gripping jaws of a gripping device on the piece goods to be taken. When grasping, the height of the piece goods over the base area can be determined at the same time be, for example by Wegmeß- or distance sensors. Preferably she drives Gripping device first to a maximum height, will then over the piece goods to be gripped positioned and to the cargo aligned and then slowly lowered onto the cargo until this can be safely taken. In this case, the height of the substantially cuboid-shaped piece goods can be determined.
  • at an advantageous embodiment of the storage buffer according to the invention is at the transfer station a means for identifying the Piece goods provided. This is, for example, a camera system with a Image recognition software. In this embodiment, the storage buffer unites In addition to the buffer function, the function of a partial store of the shelf storage and the functions of identifying and measuring the one to be stored Cargo.
  • Preferably the means for identifying comprises a scanner for scanning a mounted on the cargo Barcodes on. The piece goods become preferably individually from the (unordered occupied) storage area in the Detection range of the scanner for scanning the bar code brought and then filed again on the same or another storage area. To the Barcode safely captures the device's reach the piece goods in the coverage area the scanner until the bar code is detected. Alternatively, the scanning device is in each case by the gripping device moved around the detection range of the scanner brought piece goods.
  • at the method according to the invention for storing substantially rectangular shaped piece goods of different dimensions into an automated general cargo warehouse be first several Piece goods in one Put into storage buffer. The storage buffer has several movable, coupled, substantially similar storage areas on, which are coupled to a drive so that they are between can circulate several stations. For storage is first a storage area positioned at a loading station. The storage area is disordered with several piece goods busy. Then the storage area moved to a transfer station. At the transfer station, general cargo of removed from the storage area and in a predetermined orientation on this storage area and / or another storage area so that a or a plurality of ordered storage areas are formed, wherein the positions of the loaded general cargo in association with or the orderly occupied storage area (s) recorded and stored in a control device. Then be the piece goods with Help a coupled to the controller HMI device of the ordered storage area removed and into the general cargo warehouse stored. The removal and storage in the general cargo warehouse is preferably carried out between two loading operations.
  • at In a preferred development, the piece goods are identified at the transfer station. Preferably the piece goods become after removing it from the storage area and identified prior to the orderly hanging up. For example for identifying a bar code attached to the piece goods read. The piece goods become preferably taken individually from the storage area, in the detection area a bar code scanner brought and then on a storage area filed orderly.
  • Preferably, an ordered occupied storage area is successively moved in succession to a plurality of removal stations, wherein piece goods are removed at the removal stations, while simultaneously positioning other storage areas successively at the loading station and the transfer station. A storage area is preferred then moved away from the loading station when it is detected by a sensor device that the storage area has reached a predetermined degree of occupancy (ie is full).
  • advantageous and preferred embodiments of the invention are characterized in the subclaims.
  • in the Next, the invention will be described with reference to the drawings preferred embodiments described in more detail. In the drawings show:
  • 1 a schematic representation of an arranged in front of an automated warehouse warehouse storage according to the invention;
  • 2A and 2 B schematic representations illustrating exemplary possible assignments of a storage area after loading at the loading station; and
  • 3 a schematic representation of the course of the chain coupled bearing surfaces of an extended by an additional loop paternoster.
  • 1 shows a schematic representation of the storage buffer 1 In front of an automated warehouse warehouse 2 is arranged, as for example from the patent DE 195 09 951 C2 is known. From the shelf warehouse 2 is in 1 a shelf 3 with several shelves 4 shown. In front of the shelf 3 is an operating device 5 shown that a pad platform 6 that covers vertically and horizontally in front of the shelf 3 movable and additionally rotatable. The movement of the pad platform 6 is controlled by a computerized control device. The support platform 6 has suction and gripping elements 7 for gripping, holding and moving a piece goods 8th , For example, a drug package on. On some shelves 4 of the shelf 3 are other piece goods 9 exemplified. The piece goods shown as examples 8th and 9 are in 1 indicated by a dashed line to give an indication of the varying size of these piece goods.
  • In addition to the well-known warehouse warehouse 2 is the storage buffer of the invention 1 shown. The in-memory buffer 1 has several compartments or storage areas 10 on, which are coupled together in the manner of a paternoster and circumferentially movable. The coupling is through a line 11 illustrated, each with a suspension 12 the individual storage areas 10 is coupled. The orbital movement is through the arrowed line 13 indicated. At one front of the paternoster the storage areas move 10 upstairs and at a shelf storage 2 facing rear, move the storage areas 10 downward. Before the front of the paternoster is a Verkleidungswand 14 , There is an opening in the cladding wall 15 and before the opening 15 is a table 16 arranged. This arrangement serves as a loading station 17 for one behind the opening 15 at the height of the table 16 arranged storage area 10 the paternoster. The delivered piece goods (for example, drug packages) are removed from a delivery container, on the table 16 placed or poured and from there to the at the loading station 17 positioned storage area 10 pushed. The piece goods 18 are unsorted on the storage area 10 brought. If a storage area 10 is fully occupied or all delivered general cargo 18 placed on the storage area, the paternoster with the storage areas 10 be moved in the direction of rotation. If necessary, a next storage area 10 at the loading station 17 are positioned and will deliver more delivered cargo 18 hung up.
  • At the upper deflection area of the paternoster there is a transfer station 20 at the one storage area 10 can be positioned so that from the top of the on the storage area 10 positioned piece goods 22 can be accessed. In the preferred embodiment, a (in 1 not shown) lighting device over the storage area 10 at the transfer station 20 arranged. The floors of the storage areas 10 consist of a transparent or translucent material, such as glass or plastic. Below the storage area position of the transfer station 20 is a camera 21 arranged such that it has an image of the bearing surface 10 can capture. The arrangement of the lighting device and the camera 21 are chosen so that by an evaluation of the camera image, the occupancy of the storage area 10 with the piece goods 22 and at the same time the dimensions of the storage area 10 lying bases of the cargo 22 can be detected. Using the thus acquired information, a Greifeinrich device 23 controlled by a gripper 24 having, in one to the storage area 10 parallel plane and vertically movable and beyond is rotatable. With the gripping device 23 are in 1 not shown) coupled sensors, with the help of the height dimension of a piece goods 22 can be determined, which is on the at the transfer station 20 positioned storage area 10 located. With the aid of the measured height dimension of the piece goods 20 and the one out of the camera 21 The information provided may be the gripper 24 in the right way over a selected general cargo 22 be positioned and grab this. The general cargo 22 is detected by the gripper, from the La gerfläche 10 taken and in a detection area 25 a scanner 26 brought with their help one on the general cargo 22 applied bar code can be read. The bar code is used to identify the piece goods 22 For example, the drug package. The information contained in the bar code is associated with the detected dimensions of the piece goods 22 stored in a memory connected to a controller (for example, a memory of a computer system). As the barcode on the piece goods 22 usually located only on one of the six exterior surfaces, it may be necessary to the piece goods in the detection area 25 to turn, so the sensors 26 (Scanners) can capture the barcode. Alternatively, the scanners can also be used 26 in the field of coverage 25 goods are moved around. If the reading of the bar code fails, this is detected by the control device and the associated cargo is stored on a separate storage area and optionally removed again from the storage buffer.
  • After capturing the dimensions and identifying a piece good 22 this is again on a storage area 10 of the paternoster at a predetermined position and placed in a predetermined orientation of its outer edges. It can be placed on the same storage area from which it was taken. Alternatively, it is possible that the cargo is placed on another (free) storage area and positioned there. The position of the ordered load is assigned to an identification of the storage area 10 and stored in association with the dimensions and the bar code identification of the piece goods in the memory of the control device. An ordered in this way with measured and identified cargo 22 occupied storage area becomes after leaving the transfer station 20 moved to the back of the paternoster. At the back are the removal stations 30 , The removal stations 30 are those items where piece goods from ordered storage areas 10 through the HMI device 5 can be removed. While the arranged with piece goods 22 occupied storage areas 10 at the back of the paternoster at the removal stations 30 are the piece goods 22 from the HMI device 5 taken and in the shelf warehouse 2 stored.
  • If a particular piece of cargo from the shelf warehouse 2 is requested, so to satisfy the requirement not only on those piece goods 9 be accessed, which is on the shelves 4 of the shelf warehouse 2 In addition, even on the not yet in the rack storage 2 stored piece goods 22 that are in a given orientation and at predetermined positions on the storage areas 10 located at the sampling stations. The surveyed and identified orderly occupied storage areas 10 thus already form part of the entire automated warehouse warehouse. The piece goods stored there 22 are available for a request and issue.
  • When occupying the storage areas 10 at the loading station 17 of the storage buffer 1 Several alternative embodiments are conceivable. Two possible assignment schemes are in the 2A and 2 B illustrated. In the first variant according to 2A become the piece goods 18 on the storage area 10 placed side by side in a roughly aligned manner. This simplifies the design and control effort for the gripping device at the transfer station 20 , The on the storage area 10 stored piece goods 18 need in the variant according to 2A merely measuring, being identified and accurately aligned, relying essentially on the same location of the storage area 10 can be covered. In the variant according to 2 B become the piece goods 18 completely disordered and aligned and relatively close to a storage area 10 hung up. As a result, an increased relocation costs at the transfer station 20 required. In this variant, the piece goods 18 at the transfer station from the storage area 10 taken and placed on one or more previously free storage areas (after measuring and identifying).
  • In the Paternosteranordnung according to 1 The bearing surfaces move along a revolving loop with a branch on which the bearing surfaces move upwards (front side) and a branch on which the bearing surfaces move downwards (back side). In 3 an alternative embodiment of a Paternosteranordnung is schematically sketched. In the arrangement according to 3 points the paternoster 2 Looping, ie two sections where the bearing surfaces move upwards and two sections where the bearing surfaces move downwards. This increases the storage capacity of the storage buffer with a relatively small horizontal expansion of the buffer.
  • Instead of a paternoster with a loading station, a transfer station and several removal stations and two or more parallel arranged paternoster can be used, which each have a loading station and several Entnahmestatio nen, but a common transfer station. With this arrangement, for example, the piece goods (medicament packs) can be relocated at the transfer station from one paternoster to the other arranged next to it. In yet another embodiment, instead of a paternoster circulating in the vertical plane, one may be in a horizontal one Plane or a curved plane circumferential arrangement can be used with multiple storage areas. The loops of the paternoster arrangement can also be guided so that the bearing surfaces move on a front side with loading station and on a rear side with a plurality of removal stations in the same direction in space. In a further alternative embodiment, the loading and unloading stations may be located at the same position of the circulation path, wherein, for example, the circulation path is in a plane oriented transversely to the loading and unloading direction.

Claims (28)

  1. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for buffering into an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) to be stored, essentially parallelepiped-shaped piece goods of different dimensions before being stored in the piece goods store, with a plurality of movable, mutually coupled, essentially identical bearing surfaces ( 10 ) coupled to a drive to circulate between a plurality of stations, the stations comprising: at least one loading station (10); 17 ), where one of the bearing surfaces, when positioned there, is loaded with several piece goods ( 18 ) is occupied disorderly, and at least one repositioning station ( 20 ), at which with a gripping device ( 23 . 24 ) General cargo ( 22 ) from one of the storage areas ( 10 ), if it is positioned there, taken and depending on previously detected dimensions of the cargo in a predetermined orientation on this storage area ( 10 ) and / or another storage area ( 10 ) so that one or more ordered storage areas ( 10 ) are formed, wherein the positions at which the parcels are placed on the orally ordered storage area (s) are detected and stored in a control device.
  2. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 1, characterized in that the stations have at least one removal station ( 30 ) at which the general cargo ( 22 ) of an orderly occupied storage area ( 10 ) using an HMI device ( 5 ) of the general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) and into the general cargo warehouse ( 2 ).
  3. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 2, characterized in that the bearing surfaces ( 10 ) are coupled together in the manner of a paternoster.
  4. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 3, characterized in that the bearing surfaces ( 10 ) in its orbit on a front side of the paternoster in one direction and on a back of the paternoster in the opposite direction and that the at least one loading station ( 17 ) at the front and the at least one removal station ( 30 ) is arranged at the back.
  5. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 4, characterized in that the bearing surfaces ( 10 ) move up at the front and that the at least one Umlagerstation ( 20 ) is arranged on the upper deflection region of the paternoster.
  6. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 5, characterized in that at the transfer station ( 20 ) a sensor arrangement ( 26 ) is provided, with the help of which the occupancy of the storage areas ( 10 ) and the dimensions of the bases on which the cargo on the bearing surface, detected and supplied to the control device.
  7. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 6, characterized in that the bearing surfaces ( 10 ) Have floors, which provide an optical detection of the occupancy of the bearing surfaces by an arranged below the position of the bearing surface at the transfer station optical sensor arrangement ( 21 ).
  8. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 6 or 7, characterized in that at the transfer station ( 22 ) a gripping device connected to the control device and a measuring device for detecting the height dimensions of the piece goods ( 24 ) is provided, depending on the detected occupancy of the bearing surfaces and the dimensions of the bases of the cargo and depending on the detected height dimensions, the cargo from the storage area ( 10 ) removes.
  9. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 1, characterized in that at the transfer station ( 20 ), at the loading station ( 17 ) or at a separate detection station arranged between these stations, a sensor arrangement is provided with the aid of which the occupancy of the bearing surfaces and the dimensions of the base surfaces on which the piece goods rest on the bearing surface are detected.
  10. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 9, characterized in that the bearing surfaces have bottoms, which gestat an optical detection of the occupancy of the bearing surfaces by an arranged below the position of the bearing surface optical sensor arrangement th.
  11. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that at the transfer station ( 20 ) is provided connected to the control device and a measuring device for detecting the heights of the piece goods gripping device which extracts the piece goods from the bearing surface depending on the detected occupancy of the bearing surfaces and the dimensions of the bases of the cargo and in dependence on the detected height dimensions.
  12. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claims 1 to 11, characterized in that at the transfer station ( 20 ) means for identifying the cargo is provided.
  13. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 12, characterized in that the means for identifying comprises a scanning device for scanning a bar code attached to the goods.
  14. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 13, characterized in that at the transfer station ( 20 ) An institution ( 23 . 24 ) is provided for gripping the piece goods, the piece goods individually from the storage area ( 10 ), into the detection range of the scanner ( 26 ) for scanning a barcode attached to the piece goods and then again on a storage area ( 10 ) places ordered.
  15. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 14, characterized in that the device ( 23 . 24 ) for gripping the cargo in the detection range of the scanner moves until the bar code is detected.
  16. Putaway buffer ( 1 ) for an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) according to claim 14, characterized in that the scanning device is moved around the piece goods brought in each case by the device for gripping into the detection area of the scanning device.
  17. Method for storing substantially parallelepiped-shaped piece goods of different dimensions into an automated general cargo warehouse ( 2 ), where: a) several pieces of goods in a storage buffer ( 1 ) with a plurality of movable, coupled, substantially similar bearing surfaces ( 10 ) which are coupled to a drive in such a way that they are circulated between several stations by a1) storing a storage area at a loading station (FIG. 17 a2) the storage area is randomly occupied by a plurality of piece goods, a3) the storage area is moved to a transfer station ( 20 ) and a4) at the transfer station ( 20 ) Piece goods are taken from the storage area of a gripping device and placed in dependence on previously detected dimensions of the piece goods in a predetermined orientation on this storage area and / or other storage area, so that one or more ordered occupied storage areas are formed, the positions at in which the parcels are placed on or in the orderly occupied storage area (s), are detected and stored in a control device; and b) the piece goods with the aid of a control device coupled to the control device ( 5 ) taken from the orally ordered storage area (s) and in the general cargo warehouse ( 2 ) are stored.
  18. A method according to claim 17, characterized in that after the unordered documents and before removal for transferring the occupancy of the storage areas and the dimensions of the base areas on which the piece goods ( 18 ) on the storage area ( 10 ), detected and supplied to the control device.
  19. A method according to claim 18, characterized in that when removing the piece goods from the storage area at the transfer station ( 20 ) the height dimensions of the piece goods are detected, wherein the piece goods in dependence on the detected occupancy of the bearing surfaces and the dimensions of the base areas of the piece goods and in dependence on the detected height dimensions by a gripping device ( 23 . 24 ).
  20. Method according to one of Claims 17 to 19, characterized in that the piece goods at the transfer station ( 20 ) be identified.
  21. Method according to claim 20, characterized in that that the Piece goods after removing it from the storage area and identified prior to the orderly hanging up.
  22. Method according to claim 21, characterized that to Identify a person attached to the cargo Bar code is read.
  23. A method according to claim 22, characterized in that the piece goods individually taken from the storage area, in the detection range of a bar code scanner ( 26 ) and then placed on a storage area ordered.
  24. A method according to claim 23, characterized in that the piece goods in the detection range of the bar code scanning device ( 26 ) until the bar code has been detected.
  25. Method according to claim 23, characterized that the Barcode scanner around each in the detection area brought general cargo is moved around.
  26. Method according to one of claims 17 to 25, characterized in that the ordered occupied (n) bearing surface (s) to a removal station ( 30 ) is moved before the piece goods are removed and stored.
  27. A method according to claim 26, characterized in that the ordered occupied (n) bearing surface (s) successively step by step to a plurality of removal stations ( 30 ) are moved and are taken at the unloading stations piece goods, while other storage areas successively at the loading station ( 17 ) and the transfer station ( 20 ).
  28. Method according to one of claims 17 to 27, characterized in that the bearing surface of the loading station ( 17 ) is moved away when it is detected by a sensor device that the storage area has reached a predetermined degree of occupancy.
DE2002125332 2002-06-06 2002-06-06 Storage buffer and method for storing piece goods for an automated general cargo warehouse Expired - Fee Related DE10225332B4 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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DE102004046176B4 (en) * 2004-09-23 2011-08-18 KHT Kommissionier- und Handhabungstechnik GmbH, 45881 Method for computer-controlled storage and retrieval of objects and apparatus for carrying out this method
DE102005035262B4 (en) * 2005-07-25 2007-12-20 Modicos Kommisioniersysteme Gmbh Shelf warehouse with input station
DE502005001544D1 (en) 2005-07-28 2007-10-31 Rowa Automatisierungssysteme Method and device for measuring and positioning a cuboid piece goods
DE102005058478A1 (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-06-14 Walter Winkler Display shelf for e.g. fruit, has shelf board with conveyor belt provided above storage surface on upper side of shelf board and transported in endless loop via end face, where belt is provided with drive
DE102007007411A1 (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-08-14 Michael Marquardt Storage method for packets of drugs/medicines delivered unsorted in collecting boxes stores packets in a computer-controlled pharmacy store
DE102010035231B4 (en) * 2010-08-24 2013-05-16 Hänel & Co. Storage rack system for storage of stored goods
FR2971493B1 (en) * 2011-02-11 2014-01-10 Savoye Order preparation station comprising at least one chimney of vertical accumulation and sequential distribution of containers
DE102011053633A1 (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-21 Klug Gmbh Integrierte Systeme System for storing and delivering transport units
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FR3031510B1 (en) * 2015-01-13 2019-04-19 Savoye Sequencing system and method for at least one preparation station
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Owner name: ROWA AUTOMATISIERUNGSSYSTEME GMBH, 53539 KELBE, DE

8381 Inventor (new situation)

Inventor name: WAGNER, RUDOLF M.,DIPL.-ING., 53539 KELBERG, DE

Inventor name: WILLEMS, MARKUS, 53539 KELBERG, DE

R119 Application deemed withdrawn, or ip right lapsed, due to non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20120103