CN2798540Y - Novel corn silage harvester and crusher - Google Patents

Novel corn silage harvester and crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2798540Y
CN2798540Y CN 200520114682 CN200520114682U CN2798540Y CN 2798540 Y CN2798540 Y CN 2798540Y CN 200520114682 CN200520114682 CN 200520114682 CN 200520114682 U CN200520114682 U CN 200520114682U CN 2798540 Y CN2798540 Y CN 2798540Y
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equal
vertical high
belt pulley
high cylinder
taiwan
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马楠
王晓路
马会道
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a novel corn straw silage harvester and pulverizer which belongs to the technical field of agricultural harvesting machinery and is used for overcoming the technical problem of completing the corn straw harvesting, the pulverization and the conveying for one time. The utility model adopts a mode that a cutting table is fronts-arranged and hung on a walking vehicle, and the cutting table comprises a cutting and pulverization device, a discharging device, a material collection device and a blowing and sending device. The utility model is characterized in that the cutting and pulverization device is composed of at least two vertical high rollers, tooth shifting groups positioned on the high rollers, a cutter knife and a fixed knife group positioned on a framework of the cutting table; the discharging device is composed of discharging plates positioned behind the vertical high rollers or on the side surfaces; each vertical high roller is vertically arranged on the framework of the cutting table side by side in the horizontal direction that is vertical to the advancing direction of the cutting table. The utility model combines the processes of corn straw harvesting, feeding, conveying and pulverization into one step to be instantly completed, and has the advantages of simple structure, blocking and clamping avoidance, stabilization, reliability, less power consumption, low cost and convenient large-scale application through the field operation test.

Description

Novel corn straw silage harvesting cracker
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural harvesting machinery, especially can gather in maize straw, the cornstalk silage harvesting cracker of chopping, conveying operations.
Background technology
At present, existing corn straw silage reaping machine generally is divided into the process of stalk and cuts down, feeds, pulverizes, blows four steps, for example application number is respectively 200420015972.X, 02284801.0,03271809.8,200420049492.5,03201970.X, 02200584.6,03264128.1 utility model all adopts this mentality of designing, and the difference between them only is to realize that the frame for movement of each step is different with compound mode.The subject matter that this mode of operation exists is that the speed of maize straw pulverizing is slow excessively, and corn is compared to other crops such as wheats, its stalk is lusty, and planting density is still bigger, the consequence that causes thus is to reduce the speed that harvest machinery cuts down stalk, feed---or only crop is carried out the single file harvesting, or reduce the travel speed of machinery.But the single file harvesting is inefficiency on the one hand, often needs on the other hand to adopt the frame mode that hangs the ceding of Taiwan in the traveling vehicle side, and this can make vehicle face the difficulty that rolls crop easily; And the travel speed that reduces machinery means the reduction of operating efficiency on the one hand, be subjected to the restriction of vehicle minimum speed on the other hand, and big or small restive to travel speed, the problem of bringing thus often is because the speed of feeding stalk causes mechanical blockage stuck greater than the speed of crushed stalk.In addition, because feeding device and reducing mechanism need consume very big power, and also will improve power as much as possible in order to improve pulverizing speed, this power that makes existing such machinery (especially external machinery) consume is very big, have above 200 horsepowers.Owing to there are the problems referred to above, do not have almost on the market now that operating rate is fast, efficient is high, power consumption is little, reliable and stable, be fit to China's national situation, reach the ensiling reaping machine that extensive practice requires.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome existing corn straw silage reaping machine inefficiency, power consumption is big, unstable properties, block stuck deficiency easily, the utility model provides a kind of novel corn straw silage harvesting cracker, this ensiling reaping machine will have the harvesting of reaping machine now, feed, shred three steps be merged into one the step finish, thereby can increase work efficiency greatly, effectively avoid blocking stuck phenomenon, and then the existing ensiling reaping machine inefficiency of solution, power consumption is big, reliability is low, the problem of poor stability, can realize not to line operate, variation to line-spacing has very strong adaptive capacity, reaches the requirement of extensive practice.
The utility model is that the technical scheme that its technical problem of solution is adopted is:
The ceding of Taiwan is placed the front end of traveling vehicle roll crop, the described ceding of Taiwan is connected with vehicle body by connectors such as pivot pins to avoid vehicle; The hydraulic jack system is placed between the suspension arm of car body and cutting table frame, can change with adaptation to the ground by the suspension height that changes the hydraulic regulation ceding of Taiwan in the operation process that travels, ceding of Taiwan bottom is generally about 10cm with the distance on ground during operation.The above-mentioned ceding of Taiwan mainly is made up of cutting, reducing mechanism, device for discharging, material-gathering device, blowing device and transmission device.Cutting, reducing mechanism are positioned at the ceding of Taiwan foremost, and device for discharging is in the back or the side of cutting and grinding device, and the below of device for discharging is a material-gathering device, is blowing device at last.Transmission device comprises transmission mechanisms such as gearbox, belt pulley, gear, sprocket wheel, the power of the engine output of vehicle is divided into two parts through behind the gearbox, a part is wherein passed to the running gear of vehicle, and another part is passed to cutting, reducing mechanism, device for discharging, material-gathering device and blowing device respectively by transmission mechanisms such as belt pulley, gear, sprocket wheels.
The place ahead, the framework outside in the described ceding of Taiwan respectively is equipped with one group of limit for width sheet, and the effect of these two groups of live width sheets is the swaths that limit the ceding of Taiwan, and its spacing is generally 2m~2.5m.
Above-mentioned cutting and grinding device mainly is made of the stationary knife group on two (also can more than two) vertical high cylinders, the moving tooth group, cutoff tool and the cutting table frame that are mounted thereon.Described vertical high cylinder be shaped as cylinder, each vertical high cylinder is along putting approximately perpendicular to the horizontal direction of vehicle direct of travel is perpendicular side by side, its height is suitable with the height of maize straw, the altitude range of maize straw be generally 1.1m~2.8m (because of kind and region different), thereby the span of this vertical high roller height is more than or equal to 1.1m and smaller or equal to 3.1m; The circumscribed circle diameter of described vertical high cylinder cross section is relevant with the swath of design, is generally less than to equal 2.8m, and the distance between each roller shaft is generally 40cm~150cm more than or equal to 10cm.The turning cylinder of described vertical high cylinder all is connected with the upper and lower end of cutting table frame, and these vertical high cylinders rotate under the drive of transmission devices such as gear, sprocket wheel.
On above-mentioned vertical high cylinder, along the circumferential direction distribution the some groups of moving teeth that protrude are installed, the group number of required moving tooth is relevant with the rotating speed of cylinder, has one group at least, is generally 3~5 groups.In every group of above-mentioned moving tooth, the approximate short transverse along above-mentioned vertical high cylinder of each sheet moving tooth distributes, chip length behind the stalks cutting that vertical interval between per two moving teeth equals to design, this spacing should be more than or equal to 0.2cm, be generally 1cm~8cm, in every group of moving tooth, the quantity of moving tooth should be more than or equal to 1, concrete number can obtain divided by the moving tooth spacing with roller height, is generally 20~90; The length of every moving tooth is more than or equal to 0.3cm, and width is smaller or equal to 40cm, and thickness is smaller or equal to 15cm; This moving tooth can adopt structures such as sheet that similar rectangle or similar triangle etc. protrude, bulk, column, taper.Cutoff tool is installed below above-mentioned high cylinder, this cutoff tool can adopt forms such as circumgyration formula cutter or linear reciprocating cutter, the length that described cutoff tool stretches out forward will surpass above-mentioned moving tooth, in the process that ceding of Taiwan operation is advanced, the not stall of described vertical high cylinder is moving, the cutoff tool that stretches out is advanced vehicle maize straw that the place ahead runs into earlier from cutting off near root, this moment, maize straw did not have enough time as yet, the one group of moving tooth that is arrived following closely immediately catches on, and is taken to above-mentioned ceding of Taiwan inside by moving tooth with still being kept upright.
In above-mentioned cutting table frame, height and the suitable column of vertical high cylinder are arranged, in the side of the close vertical high cylinder of this column one group of stationary knife that stretches out is installed respectively, each above-mentioned vertical high cylinder is corresponding at least one group of described stationary knife.In every group of described stationary knife, should have a stationary knife at least, the general quantity with every group of moving tooth of the quantity of stationary knife is suitable, and this stationary knife can adopt structures such as sheet that similar rectangle or similar triangle etc. protrude, bulk, column, taper; In every group of described stationary knife, each ledger-plate is approximate on the column of above-mentioned cutting table frame to distribute along short transverse, the spacing of per two stationary knifes is more than or equal to 0.2cm, general consistent with the spacing of above-mentioned moving tooth, but should install along interlocking on the described column short transverse with moving tooth, the length of this stationary knife is generally more than or equal to 0.2cm, be preferably under the prerequisite of the cylinder that does not contact vertical high cylinder long as much as possible, the width of this stationary knife is smaller or equal to 40cm, be generally 1cm~8cm, its thickness is generally 0.2cm~4cm smaller or equal to 15cm.When above-mentioned moving tooth from root cut maize straw upright take stationary knife on the described column to after, stalk is cut into segment by the stationary knife group, fall then on the base plate of above-mentioned cutting table frame, thereby simultaneously finish cutting down and crushing process of maize straw.For reducing instantaneous cutting force, in every group of above-mentioned stationary knife, each stationary knife can be at the certain distance that respectively staggers along front and back on the direction of vertical high cylinder rotation, the span of this distance is smaller or equal to 20cm more than or equal to 0, be generally 0.5cm~5cm, arrange that like this stationary knife makes the while reduce in the stationary knife quantity of cutting maize straw; The place ahead in the middle of above-mentioned cutting table frame, along the similar leg-of-mutton branch device that several stretch to the place ahead is installed on the short transverse, the length of this branch's device should make its front end slightly surpass moving tooth on the above-mentioned vertical high cylinder, and the effect of described branch device is that the ceding of Taiwan is advanced before the stalk in the place ahead is divided into several portions and delivers to each vertical high cylinder of the ceding of Taiwan respectively.
Above-mentioned device for discharging is made up of stripper, described stripper is installed the rear or the side of above-mentioned vertical high cylinder, the span of the height of this stripper is more than or equal to 1.1m and smaller or equal to 2.8m, general height with described vertical high cylinder is suitable, the thickness of this stripper is smaller or equal to 10cm, and its width is more than or equal to 2cm.One termination of this stripper contacts the covering of cutting table frame, and the other end is as far as possible near the cylinder of described vertical high cylinder but do not touch; This stripper has blowpit near an end of vertical high cylinder, pass in vertical high cylinder rotating process for described moving tooth, and retaining hangs over the residual stalk fragment on the moving tooth down.Each vertical high cylinder is corresponding at least one group of this blowpit, and in every group of blowpit, the number of blowpit is more than or equal to 1; The length of each above-mentioned blowpit is more than or equal to 0.2cm, and width is greater than the thickness of above-mentioned stationary knife.
Above-mentioned material-gathering device is made up of rotary disc feeder, this rotary disc feeder is installed in the place of blowing device porch near ceding of Taiwan base plate, under the drive of transmission mechanism, rotate, the stalk fragment that drops on the ceding of Taiwan base plate is pushed to the fans entrance place that is positioned at ceding of Taiwan rear.Described rotary disc feeder can adopt multiple scheme, as: the 1) form of the single-screw feeding screw of employing, the axis of this feeding screw and ceding of Taiwan direction of advance almost parallel are pushed the stalk fragment by the place ahead blower fan mouth rearwards; 2) form of the double-helical feeding screw of employing, the axis of this feeding screw and ceding of Taiwan direction of advance approximate vertical respectively have a spiral in the both sides of blower fan mouth, and one is left-handed spiral, another is a right hand helix, and the stalk fragment is pushed from the blower fan mouth in the middle of two side direction; 3) form of employing rotating vane, its rotating shaft and ceding of Taiwan direction of advance approximate vertical, the blade of rotation is pushed the stalk fragment by the place ahead blower fan mouth rearwards.
Above-mentioned blowing device is made up of blower fan and blower fan discharge nozzle, the blade of blower fan is high speed rotating under the drive of transmission device, the stalk fragment that above-mentioned feeding screw is pushed into carries in the bucket by the vehicle that the blower fan discharge nozzle is blown into reception stalk fragment, thus the process of finishing the work.
Now the course of work of the present utility model is summed up and be summarized as follows: in the operation process that travels of the ceding of Taiwan, moving tooth is along with vertical high cylinder rotates simultaneously and rapidly, the limit for width sheet defines the swath of the ceding of Taiwan, branch's device is advanced the ceding of Taiwan before the maize straw in the place ahead is divided into several portions and delivers to each vertical high cylinder that is rotating respectively, the cutoff tool of vertical high cylinder below cuts off stalk earlier along root, moving tooth arrives following closely, the stalk that will be cut off is delivered to the stationary knife place on the column with still being kept upright, stationary knife becomes segment with stalks cutting, the stalk fragment is fallen on the ceding of Taiwan base plate, the fragment that remains on the moving tooth is also kept off down by stripper, feeding screw is delivered to the blower fan mouth with the stalk fragment, blower fan blows away fragment by the blower fan discharge nozzle, the course of work finishes.
The utility model has the advantages that: with the harvesting of every strain maize straw, feed, crushing process is merged into a step and carries out, and finishes in moment, makes the operating efficiency of results ensiling significantly improve.Through long-term farm work check, can not blocked stuckly, stable and reliable for performance, simple in structure by stalk, power consumption is little, and is with low cost, is convenient to extensive practice.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further described, but not as to qualification of the present utility model.
Fig. 1 is the complete machine structure simplified schematic diagram (not drawing moving tooth, moving knife, stationary knife, branch's device, gearbox etc.) of an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the complete machine transmission principle figure of this embodiment.
Fig. 3 be the ceding of Taiwan of the present utility model an embodiment overlook simplified schematic diagram (not drawing the transmission mechanism of feeding screw).
Fig. 4 is the front view (not drawing feeding screw and transmission mechanism thereof) of an embodiment of the ceding of Taiwan of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 is the vertical view (not drawing the transmission mechanism of feeding screw) of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the left view of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of stripper among this embodiment.
The title of each parts sees Table 1 among the figure.
Numbering Title Numbering Title
1 Gearbox 26 Stationary knife
2,4 Belt pulley 27 Branch's device
6 Bevel gear is right 28 The limit for width sheet
7,9,10,12 Sprocket wheel 29 Blower fan
8,11 Gear 30 Stripper
3,5,13~18 Belt pulley 31 Moving knife
19 Vertical high cylinder 32 Cutting table frame
20 The blower fan discharge nozzle 33 Chain
21 Feeding screw 34 Base plate
22 Fan blade 35 Belt
23 Hydraulic jack 36 Covering
24 Pivot pin (hole) 37 Engine
25 Moving tooth
Table 1: component part numbers, title correspondence table
Embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing is an embodiment of the present utility model.The ceding of Taiwan is positioned at the front end of traveling vehicle, by pivot pin 24 the described ceding of Taiwan is connected with vehicle body; Hydraulic jack 23 systems are placed between the suspension arm of car body and cutting table frame 32, can change with adaptation to the ground by the suspension height that changes the hydraulic regulation ceding of Taiwan in the operation process that travels, ceding of Taiwan bottom is generally about 10cm with the distance on ground during operation.The described ceding of Taiwan mainly is made up of cutting and grinding device, device for discharging, material-gathering device, blowing device and transmission device.The cutting and grinding device is positioned at the ceding of Taiwan foremost, is thereafter device for discharging, and the below of device for discharging is a material-gathering device, is blowing device at last.Transmission device comprises transmission mechanisms (concrete drive connection sees Fig. 2 for details, referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 5) such as gearbox, belt pulley, gear, sprocket wheel; The power of engine 37 outputs of vehicle is divided into two parts through behind the gearbox 1, and one is passed to the running gear of vehicle, and another part is passed to cutting and grinding device, device for discharging, material-gathering device and blowing device respectively by belt pulley, gear, sprocket wheel; Concrete annexation is: the output shaft of gearbox connects firmly with two belt pulleys 2, two belt pulleys 2 are connected with belt pulley 3 with belt pulley 18 respectively by belt, belt pulley 18 is as the input of vehicle to run power, belt pulley 3 is as the input of ceding of Taiwan operation power, belt pulley 3 is by being connected with two belt pulleys 4 with its power transmission shaft that connects firmly, driving this pair belt pulley rotates, two belt pulleys 4 are connected with belt pulley 17 with belt pulley 5 respectively by belt, belt pulley 5 drives sprocket wheel 7 by bevel gear to 6 and rotates, sprocket wheel 7 is connected with sprocket wheel 9 by chain, drive its rotation, the rotating shaft that connects firmly with sprocket wheel 9 is the rotating shaft of one of them vertical high cylinder, the gear 8 that connects firmly with sprocket wheel 9 meshes with gear 11, be connected with sprocket wheel 12 by chain with the sprocket wheel 10 that gear 11 connects firmly, drive its rotation, the rotating shaft that connects firmly with sprocket wheel 12 is the rotating shaft of another vertical high cylinder, belt pulley 17 is by belt pulley 16, belt pulley 15 and belt pulley 13, drive the rotating shaft that connects firmly with belt pulley 14 behind belt pulley 14 double reductions and rotate, this rotating shaft is exactly the rotating shaft of above-mentioned material-gathering device; At each belt transmission place regulating wheel (not drawing among the figure) is installed all, wherein, the regulating wheel of installing in two belt pulleys 2 and belt pulley 18, two belt pulley 2 and belt pulley 3 these two places belt transmission all can be controlled its tightness in ceding of Taiwan operation process, to hold concurrently as clutch.
The place ahead, the framework outside in the described ceding of Taiwan respectively is equipped with one group of limit for width sheet 28, and the effect of these two groups of live width sheets is the swaths that limit the ceding of Taiwan, and its spacing is 240cm.
Above-mentioned cutting and grinding device mainly by two vertical high cylinders 19, position thereon moving tooth 25 and the stationary knife 26 on the moving knife 31, cutting table frame form.Described vertical high cylinder is along putting perpendicular to the horizontal direction of vehicle direct of travel is perpendicular side by side, and it highly is 160cm, and diameter is 60cm, and the distance between two roller shafts is about 120cm; The turning cylinder of described two vertical high cylinders all is connected with the upper and lower end of cutting table frame, and these two vertical high cylinders rotate (rotation direction is shown in Fig. 3 arrow) in opposite directions under the drive of transmission devices such as gear, sprocket wheel.
On above-mentioned two vertical high cylinders, 4 groups of moving teeth that stretch out 25 are installed along even distribution of circumference; In every group of above-mentioned moving tooth, each sheet moving tooth is equally spaced along the short transverse of vertical high cylinder, and the spacing between per two moving teeth equals 3cm, and the quantity of every group of moving tooth is 50 (all not drawing in the accompanying drawing); Below above-mentioned every group of moving tooth, be equipped with at least one separately moving knife (31), this moving knife is a specific embodiment of cutoff tool described in the technical scheme, and the shape of this moving knife can adopt structures such as sheet that similar rectangle or similar triangle etc. protrude, bulk, column, taper.This moving knife is being organized the moving tooth certain distance along slightly forward on the rotation direction of above-mentioned vertical high cylinder in this, and this distance should be more than or equal to 0, and this moving knife stretches out the length of described vertical high cylinder and also slightly is longer than moving tooth; The length of this moving knife is more than or equal to 0.3cm, and the width of this moving knife is smaller or equal to 40cm, and its thickness is smaller or equal to 15cm; This moving knife also rotates with above-mentioned moving tooth constant speed, in the process that ceding of Taiwan operation is advanced, two not stalls of vertical high cylinder are moving, describedly every moving knife is earlier advanced vehicle maize straw that the place ahead runs into from cutting off near root, this moment, maize straw did not have enough time as yet, followed closely the one group of moving tooth that arrives after the moving knife immediately and caught on, taken to two positions between the vertical high cylinder by moving tooth with still being kept upright.
In the middle of above-mentioned two vertical high cylinders, one height and the suitable column of vertical high cylinder arranged, this column belongs to the part of cutting table frame 32, both sides at close two the vertical high cylinders of this column respectively are equipped with one group of stationary knife that stretches out 26, and the quantity of every group of stationary knife is 50 (all not drawing in the accompanying drawing); In every group of described stationary knife, each ledger-plate distributes in above-mentioned column upper edge short transverse, the spacing of per two stationary knifes is 3cm, install but should on short transverse, interlock with the moving tooth on the vertical high cylinder, the length of this stationary knife is long as much as possible under the prerequisite that does not contact vertical high cylinder, when above-mentioned moving tooth the maize straw that has cut off from root upright take the centre position of two vertical high cylinders to after, fall on the base plate of above-mentioned cutting table frame after being cut into segment by the stationary knife group, thus simultaneously finish cutting down and crushing process of maize straw; For reducing instantaneous cutting force, per 10 of the above-mentioned stationary knife of every side is divided into one group, and is wide at the cutter that staggers along front and back on the direction of advance of vehicle, makes the stationary knife quantity of cutting maize straw simultaneously reduce; The place ahead at above-mentioned column 39, along the similar leg-of-mutton branch device 27 that several stretch to the place ahead is installed on the short transverse, the length of this branch's device should make its front end slightly surpass moving tooth on the above-mentioned vertical high cylinder, and the effect of described branch device is that the ceding of Taiwan is advanced before the stalk separated into two parts in the place ahead delivers to two vertical high cylinders of the ceding of Taiwan respectively.
Above-mentioned device for discharging is made up of two strippers 30, these two strippers roughly are installed in the rear of above-mentioned two vertical high cylinders side by side along ceding of Taiwan direct of travel, its height is suitable with the height of described vertical high cylinder, the rear end of this stripper touches the covering of cutting table frame, and front end is as far as possible near the cylinder of described vertical high cylinder but do not touch; The front end of described stripper has blowpit, passes in vertical high cylinder rotating process for described moving tooth, and hangs over the residual stalk fragment on the moving tooth under the retaining, and the quantity of every described stripper loading and unloading material groove is 25 (all not drawing in the accompanying drawing).
Above-mentioned material-gathering device is made up of feeding screw 21, this feeding screw is installed in the place of the close ceding of Taiwan base plate in blower fan 29 porch between two strippers, it is axially along ceding of Taiwan direction of advance, rotate under the drive of transmission mechanism, the stalk fragment that its helical blade will drop on the ceding of Taiwan base plate pushes to the fans entrance place that is positioned at ceding of Taiwan rear.
Above-mentioned blowing device is made up of blower fan 29 and blower fan discharge nozzle 20, the blade 22 of blower fan high speed rotating under the drive of transmission device, the stalk fragment that above-mentioned feeding screw is pushed into carries in the bucket by the vehicle that the blower fan discharge nozzle is blown into reception stalk fragment, thus the process of finishing the work.

Claims (9)

1. a novel corn straw silage gathers in cracker, adopt the preposition mode that hangs on traveling vehicle of the ceding of Taiwan, engine by traveling vehicle passes through gearbox, belt pulley, transmission mechanism such as gear and sprocket wheel is to ceding of Taiwan transferring power, has taiwan cut off and landing mechanism, the ceding of Taiwan comprises cutter sweep, reducing mechanism, device for discharging, material-gathering device and blowing device, it is characterized in that: described cutter sweep and reducing mechanism are by vertical high cylinder (19), be positioned at the moving tooth (25) on the vertical high cylinder, cutoff tool, and the stationary knife (26) that is positioned on the described cutting table frame (32) constitutes, the quantity of described vertical high cylinder is at least 2, and each vertical high cylinder vertically is installed on the described cutting table frame along the horizontal direction vertical with ceding of Taiwan direction of advance side by side; Described taiwan cut off and landing mechanism is made of hydraulic jack (23) system that is positioned between cutting table frame and traveling vehicle; Described device for discharging is made of stripper (30); Described material-gathering device is installed in described blowing device porch near ceding of Taiwan base plate position.
2. novel corn straw silage harvesting cracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described each vertical high cylinder be shaped as cylinder, the span of the height of this vertical high cylinder is more than or equal to 1.1m and smaller or equal to 3.1m, and the span of the circumscribed circle diameter of this vertical high cylinder cross section is smaller or equal to 2.8m; The rotating shaft of described each vertical high cylinder is connected with above-mentioned cutting table frame, rotates under the drive of transmission mechanism; Distance between described each vertical high roller shaft is more than or equal to 10cm.
3. novel corn straw silage harvesting cracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described moving tooth (25) is installed on above-mentioned vertical high cylinder, follows vertical high cylinder and rotates; On the cylinder of each described vertical high cylinder, along its circumferential direction, distribution is equipped with at least one group of above-mentioned moving tooth, in every group of described moving tooth, the quantity of moving tooth is more than or equal to 1, each sheet moving tooth distributes along the short transverse of above-mentioned vertical high cylinder, and the vertical interval between per two moving teeth is more than or equal to 0.2cm; The length of every moving tooth is more than or equal to 0.3cm, and width is smaller or equal to 40cm, and thickness is smaller or equal to 15cm; In the sheet that the shape employing of this moving tooth is protruded, bulk, column, the cone structure any one.
4. novel corn straw silage harvesting cracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cutoff tool adopts the form of moving knife (31), and this moving knife is installed on the below of above-mentioned every group of moving tooth, follows above-mentioned vertical high cylinder and rotates; Every group of above-mentioned moving tooth corresponding at least one moving knife; This moving knife along on the rotation direction of described vertical high cylinder than this group moving tooth forward certain distance, this distance is more than or equal to 0, the length of this moving knife is more than or equal to 0.3cm, the width of this moving knife is smaller or equal to 40cm, its thickness is smaller or equal to 15cm; In the sheet that the shape employing of this moving knife is protruded, bulk, column, the cone structure any one.
5. novel corn straw silage harvesting cracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stationary knife (26) is fixed on the cutting table frame (32), each above-mentioned vertical high cylinder is corresponding at least one group of described stationary knife, and in every group of stationary knife, the quantity of stationary knife is more than or equal to 1; In every group of described stationary knife, each ledger-plate distributes along the short transverse of the ceding of Taiwan, and the vertical interval of per two stationary knifes is being installed along interlocking on the short transverse of the ceding of Taiwan with above-mentioned moving tooth more than or equal to 0.2cm; The length of described stationary knife is more than or equal to 0.2cm, and the width of this stationary knife is smaller or equal to 40cm, and its thickness is smaller or equal to 15cm; In the sheet that the shape employing of described stationary knife is protruded, bulk, column, the cone structure any one.
6. novel corn straw silage harvesting cracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in above-mentioned every group of stationary knife (26), each stationary knife is at the certain distance that respectively staggers along front and back on the horizontal direction of vertical high cylinder rotation, and the span of this distance is more than or equal to 0 and smaller or equal to 20cm.
7. novel corn straw silage harvesting cracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the span of the height of described stripper (30) is more than or equal to 1.1m and smaller or equal to 2.8m, the thickness of this stripper is smaller or equal to 10cm, and its width is more than or equal to 2cm; This stripper uprightly is installed on the inside of described cutting table frame, be positioned at the rear or the side of described vertical high cylinder, side at the close vertical high cylinder of this stripper has one group of blowpit along short transverse, each vertical high cylinder is corresponding at least one group of this blowpit, in every group of blowpit, the number of blowpit is more than or equal to 1; The length of each above-mentioned blowpit is more than or equal to 0.2cm, and width is greater than the thickness of above-mentioned stationary knife.
8. novel corn straw silage harvesting cracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described material-gathering device adopts the form of feeding screw (21), and the axis of this feeding screw is parallel with ceding of Taiwan direction of advance.
9. novel corn straw silage harvesting cracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described transmission mechanism is made up of gearbox, power transmission shaft, belt pulley, belt, gear, sprocket wheel, chain; Be divided into two parts behind the power process gearbox (1) of the engine of vehicle (37) output, wherein a part is passed to the running gear of vehicle, and another part is passed to described cutting and grinding device, device for discharging, material-gathering device and blowing device respectively by belt pulley, gear, sprocket wheel; Concrete annexation is: the output shaft of gearbox connects firmly with two belt pulleys (2), two belt pulleys (2) are connected with belt pulley (3) with belt pulley (18) respectively by belt, belt pulley (18) is as the input of vehicle to run power, belt pulley (3) is as the input of ceding of Taiwan operation power, belt pulley (3) is by being connected with two belt pulleys (4) with its power transmission shaft that connects firmly, driving this pair belt pulley rotates, two belt pulleys (4) are connected with belt pulley (17) with belt pulley (5) respectively by belt, belt pulley (5) drives sprocket wheel (7) by bevel gear to (6) and rotates, sprocket wheel (7) is connected with sprocket wheel (9) by chain, drive its rotation, the rotating shaft that connects firmly with sprocket wheel (9) is the rotating shaft of one of them vertical high cylinder, the gear (8) that connects firmly with sprocket wheel (9) meshes with gear (11), be connected with sprocket wheel (12) by chain with the sprocket wheel (10) that gear (11) connects firmly, drive its rotation, the rotating shaft that connects firmly with sprocket wheel (12) is the rotating shaft of another vertical high cylinder, belt pulley (17) is by belt pulley (16), belt pulley (15) and belt pulley (13), drive the rotating shaft that connects firmly with belt pulley (14) behind belt pulley (14) double reduction and rotate, this rotating shaft is exactly the rotating shaft of above-mentioned material-gathering device; At each belt transmission place regulating wheel is installed all, wherein, the tightness of the regulating wheel of installing in two belt pulleys (2) and belt pulley (18), two belt pulley (2) and this two places belt transmission of belt pulley (3) all can manually be controlled in ceding of Taiwan operation process, holds concurrently as clutch.
CN 200520114682 2005-11-25 2005-11-25 Novel corn silage harvester and crusher Expired - Fee Related CN2798540Y (en)

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CN 200520114682 CN2798540Y (en) 2005-11-25 2005-11-25 Novel corn silage harvester and crusher

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105493743A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-04-20 王志坚 Self-propelled straw harvesting machine
CN105532170A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-05-04 王志坚 Multifunctional self-propelled straw harvesting and bundling integrated machine
CN107484501A (en) * 2017-10-09 2017-12-19 唐山鑫万达实业股份有限公司 A kind of inclined feeding method of the silage harvester ceding of Taiwan and device
CN108901330A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-30 许丽强 Water conservancy ditch weeds cleaning device
CN110419341A (en) * 2019-09-03 2019-11-08 李桂诚 The seed damage system of ensilage machine
CN114846987A (en) * 2022-05-27 2022-08-05 新疆农业科学院经济作物研究所 Cotton stalk crushing and returning device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105493743A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-04-20 王志坚 Self-propelled straw harvesting machine
CN105532170A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-05-04 王志坚 Multifunctional self-propelled straw harvesting and bundling integrated machine
CN107484501A (en) * 2017-10-09 2017-12-19 唐山鑫万达实业股份有限公司 A kind of inclined feeding method of the silage harvester ceding of Taiwan and device
CN107484501B (en) * 2017-10-09 2023-04-18 唐山鑫万达实业股份有限公司 Method and device for offset feeding of cutting table of silage harvester
CN108901330A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-30 许丽强 Water conservancy ditch weeds cleaning device
CN110419341A (en) * 2019-09-03 2019-11-08 李桂诚 The seed damage system of ensilage machine
CN114846987A (en) * 2022-05-27 2022-08-05 新疆农业科学院经济作物研究所 Cotton stalk crushing and returning device

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