CN1675980A - Self-propelled maize harvester for concurrently harvesting ear-stem - Google Patents

Self-propelled maize harvester for concurrently harvesting ear-stem Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1675980A
CN1675980A CN 200410023866 CN200410023866A CN1675980A CN 1675980 A CN1675980 A CN 1675980A CN 200410023866 CN200410023866 CN 200410023866 CN 200410023866 A CN200410023866 A CN 200410023866A CN 1675980 A CN1675980 A CN 1675980A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vertical
fruit ear
cane
cutter
knife
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN 200410023866
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李向农
李训东
张道林
于增
李文树
王刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XIANGNONG MACHINERY CO Ltd ZIBO
Original Assignee
XIANGNONG MACHINERY CO Ltd ZIBO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by XIANGNONG MACHINERY CO Ltd ZIBO filed Critical XIANGNONG MACHINERY CO Ltd ZIBO
Priority to CN 200410023866 priority Critical patent/CN1675980A/en
Publication of CN1675980A publication Critical patent/CN1675980A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a self-propelled corn harvester for harvesting corn ear and cornstalk. Said self-propelled corn harvester comprises chassis, engine powder device, harvesting table, corn area conveying and collecting device; stalk pulverizing device and power transmission device. Said invention also provides the concrete structure of the said every component and connection mode of all the above-mentioned components. Said invention is simple and compact in structure, low in cost and high in efficiency.

Description

Self-propelled corncob and stalk corn reaping machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of improved self-propelled corn harvester, be agricultural machinery.
Background technology
The corn combine that uses can only be plucked fringe, collection at present, cane is the field also, what pluck the fringe employing is the long horizontal snapping bar of at least one rice, fruit ear is transported in the vertical conveyer of scraper-type fruit ear the complex structure heaviness with the horizontal conveyer of agitator type, energy consumption is big, the cost height, corn kernel damage, percentage of damage height, and also more serious problem is need be by the row results, application adaptability is poor, has limited serviceability.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of simple and compact for structurely, the complete machine runnability is good, and it is low to consume energy, and cost is low, the efficient height, and operation is not subjected to the self-propelled corncob and stalk corn reaping machine of line-spacing restriction.
Self-propelled corncob and stalk corn reaping machine of the present invention, comprise the chassis, engine power assembly, header, fruit ear is carried gathering unit, cane reducing mechanism and actuating unit, the header front end top of its inclination is provided with rice-pulling chain wheel and rice-pulling chain, the below is to there being reciprocating knife, the rear end correspondence of header is provided with vertical snapping bar, the rear of snapping bar correspondence successively is provided with vertical stem roller and the vertical hobboing cutter of drawing, respectively with rice-pulling chain wheel with draw the coaxial drive sprocket of stem roller to be provided with the cane clamping chain, the front lower place of vertical snapping bar is provided with the fruit ear lateral transfer slide carriage groove of inclination, the low side of slide carriage groove is corresponding with the lower end of the vertical conveyer of fruit ear, and the upper end of the vertical conveyer of fruit ear is corresponding with the fruit ear case.
During use, reciprocating knife at first cuts off the reaping machine width with interior band fruit ear cane, has realized that harvest operation is not gathered in the crops by the full width of line-spacing restriction, has improved adaptability and serviceability; Adopt vertical snapping bar to pluck fringe, it is shorter that snapping bar can be done, and gets final product about 30 centimetres, simplifies the structure; The fruit ear of taking breaks away from snapping bar immediately and drops in the slide carriage groove, and fruit ear leans on the weight of self along the smooth lower end to the vertical conveyer of fruit ear of the slide carriage groove that tilts, and finishes the lateral transfer of fruit ear, and is simple in structure, saves energy consumption.
Described maize harvesting machine, cane chip after quilt is pulverized can directly be scattered and go back the field, also can carry out collection and treatment, its vertical hobboing cutter can be placed in the housing, side-lower in the housing is provided with auger conveyor, one end of auger conveyor connects the impeller scattering mechanism, and the discharging opening of scattering mechanism is corresponding with the trailer with tractor.In order to improve the cane crushing effect, can be provided with the stationary knife corresponding in the cane porch of vertical hobboing cutter housing with vertical hobboing cutter.Therefore the cane chip after pulverizing can be collected in the trailer of tractor, the cane chip of recovery has improved the value of cane as the feed and the raw material of industry, has saved resource.
Reciprocating knife is made up of side by side stationary knife and correspondence moving knife side by side, and an end of movable arbor is connected with line shaft by crank.It is reciprocating that line shaft drives movable arbor by crank, and reciprocating moving knife and stationary knife are handed over the tough cutting of finishing.Simple and compact for structure, be active in one's movements, good cutting effect, energy consumption is low.
Stubble cleaner also can be carried additionally in the below on chassis, is used to pulverize remain in cane stubble on the ground, has reduced other rotary tillage stubble-cleaning operation, has increased application function.Stubble cleaner adopts existing stubble cleaner to get final product, and two cutter shafts are arranged in the stubble cleaner, and the front is hammer pawl cutter cutter shaft, and the back is L shaped flail knife cutter shaft.
Actuating unit of the present invention comprises drive sprocket, driving-chain and the travelling gear that connects from the engine power assembly line shaft, and engine power is delivered to each motive position.
Operation principle:
By each actuator drives, rice-pulling chain is with the cane header of dragging on, by the cane clamping chain cane is sent into vertical snapping bar, the vertical stem roller that draws successively, the fruit ear of being taken by snapping bar breaks away from snapping bar immediately and drops in the slide carriage groove, fruit ear leans on the weight of self along the smooth lower end to the vertical conveyer of fruit ear of the slide carriage groove that tilts, finish the lateral transfer of fruit ear, last fruit ear is transported in the fruit ear case by the vertical conveyer of link plate.Pluck cane behind the fringe by drawing the stem roller to pinch to vertical hobboing cutter, the vertical hobboing cutter of high speed rotating and stationary knife are handed over and tough cane are pulverized, and regulate snapping bar, draw the relative rotation speed ratio of stem roller, vertical hobboing cutter, can determine that cane pulverizes the size of chip.Collected in the trailer of tractor through the impeller scattering mechanism by the cane chip after pulverizing, realize stalk-spike-reaping.The stubble cleaner that hangs is used to pulverize the cane stubble that remains in the ground.
Snapping bar in the header of the present invention, draw the cell cube of compositions such as stem roller and vertical hobboing cutter to be used in combination side by side, generally constitute 2-6, realize the multirow combining use in conjunction by a plurality of.On the basis of said structure, can require to do some according to the conventional general knowledge of mechanical field and concrete operation technique adjusts accordingly and increases some auxiliary equipment parts, so that its service behaviour is more perfect, as: fruit ear is indulged conveyer, stubble cleaner is a prior art, and reciprocating knife successfully is applied on the combined wheat harvester, and the concrete structure principle is the electric clipper of hair in like manner, or the like, be mature structure, belonged to the content of conventional general knowledge technology, repeated no more.
The present invention is simple and compact for structure, and is in light weight, and the complete machine runnability is good, and it is low to consume energy, and cost is low, efficient height, operation are not limited by line-spacing, can reclaim cane again, make full use of the cane resource, can also finish stubble-cleaning simultaneously, application adaptability is strong, and serviceability is good, is beneficial to and applies.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1, one embodiment of the invention easy structure schematic diagram.
The simple and easy vertical view of Fig. 2, Fig. 1.
Fig. 3, header easy structure schematic diagram.
The simple and easy vertical view of Fig. 4, Fig. 3.
Fig. 5, the vertical pulverizing hobboing cutter of cane structural representation.
The A of Fig. 6, Fig. 5 is to view.
The B-B schematic cross-section of Fig. 7, Fig. 5.
Fig. 8, stubble cleaner structural representation.
Fig. 9, header power transmission schematic diagram.
Figure 10, other parts power transmission schematic diagram.
Among the figure: 1, reciprocating knife 2, header 3, snapping bar 4, vertical hobboing cutter 5, housing 6, scattering mechanism 7, fruit ear is indulged conveyer 8, chip is shed pipe 9, fruit ear case 10, cane debris collection 11, wheel 12, stubble cleaner 13, draw stem roller 14, fruit ear cross conveyer slide carriage groove 15, cane clamping chain 16, auger conveyor 17, dial standing grain by movable sprocket 18, dial standing grain drive sprocket 19, the cane clamping is by movable sprocket 20, tensioner sprocket wheel 21, spring-loaded governor 22, stationary knife 23, cane clamping chain 24, hobboing cutter holder 25, transmission conical gear 26, hammer pawl cutter cutter shaft 27, flail knife cutter shaft 28, by movable sprocket 29, snapping bar axle 30, draw stem roll shaft 31,33, cutter shaft 32, clamping drive sprocket 34, main transmission box power shaft 35, draw stem roller gear-box axle 36, main transmission box output shaft 37, Cardan shaft 38, link plate is indulged conveyer sprocket wheel 39, reciprocating knife movable arbor 40, shed axle 41, header jackshaft 42, walking header jackshaft 43, engine shaft 44, stubble cleaner rotary tillage shaft 45, paring shaft 46, rotary tillage shaft 47, the gearbox power shaft.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described in conjunction with the foregoing description accompanying drawing.
Shown in Fig. 1-8, self-propelled corncob and stalk corn reaping machine of the present invention, comprise the chassis, engine power assembly, header, fruit ear is carried gathering unit, cane reducing mechanism and actuating unit, the header 2 front ends top of its inclination is provided with rice-pulling chain wheel 17,18 and rice-pulling chain, the below is to there being reciprocating knife 1, reciprocating knife 1 is made up of side by side stationary knife and correspondence moving knife side by side, one end of movable arbor is connected with line shaft by crank, the rear end correspondence of header 2 is provided with vertical snapping bar 3, the rear of snapping bar 3 correspondence successively is provided with vertical stem roller 13 and the vertical hobboing cutter 4 of drawing, respectively with rice-pulling chain wheel 18 with draw the coaxial drive sprocket of stem roller to be provided with cane clamping chain 23, three pairs of corresponding snapping bars are arranged, draw stem roller and vertical hobboing cutter etc. to be used in combination side by side, realize the multirow combining, the front lower place of vertical snapping bar 3 is provided with the fruit ear lateral transfer slide carriage groove 14 of inclination, the low side of slide carriage groove 14 is corresponding with the lower end of the vertical conveyer 7 of fruit ear, and the upper end of the vertical conveyer 7 of fruit ear is corresponding with fruit ear case 9.Vertical hobboing cutter 23 places in the housing 5, and the cane porch of vertical hobboing cutter housing 5 is provided with the stationary knife 22 corresponding with vertical hobboing cutter 4.Side-lowers in the housing 5 are provided with auger conveyor 16, and an end of auger conveyor 16 connects the impeller scattering mechanism, and the discharging opening of scattering mechanism 6 is that cane debris collection 10 is corresponding with trailer with tractor.The below on chassis hangs stubble cleaner 12, and two cutter shafts are arranged in the stubble cleaner 12, and the front is hammer pawl cutter cutter shaft 26, and the back is L shaped flail knife cutter shaft 27.
Shown in Fig. 9-10, actuating unit comprises drive sprocket, driving-chain and the travelling gear that connects from the engine power assembly line shaft.
Under the driving of actuating unit, rice-pulling chain is with the cane header 2 of dragging on, by cane clamping chain 23 cane is sent into vertical snapping bar 3, the vertical stem roller 13 that draws successively, the fruit ear of being taken by snapping bar 3 breaks away from snapping bar immediately and drops in the slide carriage groove 14, fruit ear leans on the weight of self along the slide carriage groove 14 smooth lower ends to the vertical conveyer 7 of fruit ear that tilt, finish the lateral transfer of fruit ear, last fruit ear is transported in the fruit ear case 9 by the vertical conveyer 7 of link plate.Pluck cane behind the fringe by drawing stem roller 13 to pinch to vertical hobboing cutter 4, the vertical hobboing cutter 4 of high speed rotating and stationary knife 22 are handed over and tough cane are pulverized.Collected in the tractor trailer cane debris collection 10 through impeller scattering mechanism 6 by the cane chip after pulverizing, realize stalk-spike-reaping.The stubble cleaner 12 that hangs is used to pulverize the cane stubble that remains in the ground.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of self-propelled corncob and stalk corn reaping machine, comprise the chassis, engine power assembly, header, fruit ear is carried gathering unit, cane reducing mechanism and actuating unit, it is characterized in that: the header front end top of inclination is provided with rice-pulling chain wheel and rice-pulling chain, the below is to there being reciprocating knife, the rear end correspondence of header is provided with vertical snapping bar, the rear of snapping bar correspondence successively is provided with vertical stem roller and the vertical hobboing cutter of drawing, respectively with rice-pulling chain wheel with draw the coaxial drive sprocket of stem roller to be provided with the cane clamping chain, the front lower place of vertical snapping bar is provided with the fruit ear lateral transfer slide carriage groove of inclination, the low side of slide carriage groove is corresponding with the lower end of the vertical conveyer of fruit ear, and the upper end of the vertical conveyer of fruit ear is corresponding with the fruit ear case.
2, maize harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that vertical hobboing cutter places in the housing, side-lower in the housing is provided with auger conveyor, and an end of auger conveyor connects the impeller scattering mechanism, and the discharging opening of scattering mechanism is corresponding with the trailer with tractor.
3, maize harvesting machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that the cane porch of vertical hobboing cutter housing is provided with the stationary knife corresponding with vertical hobboing cutter.
4, according to claim 1,2 or 3 described maize harvesting machines, it is characterized in that reciprocating knife is made up of side by side stationary knife and corresponding side by side moving knife, an end of movable arbor is connected with line shaft by crank.
5, maize harvesting machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that the below on chassis hangs stubble cleaner, and two cutter shafts are arranged in the stubble cleaner, and the front is hammer pawl cutter cutter shaft, and the back is L shaped flail knife cutter shaft.
6, maize harvesting machine according to claim 5 is characterized in that actuating unit comprises drive sprocket, driving-chain and the travelling gear that connects from the engine power assembly line shaft.
CN 200410023866 2004-04-03 2004-04-03 Self-propelled maize harvester for concurrently harvesting ear-stem Pending CN1675980A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200410023866 CN1675980A (en) 2004-04-03 2004-04-03 Self-propelled maize harvester for concurrently harvesting ear-stem

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200410023866 CN1675980A (en) 2004-04-03 2004-04-03 Self-propelled maize harvester for concurrently harvesting ear-stem

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100367841C (en) * 2006-02-28 2008-02-13 袁东明 Large multifunctional corn combine harvester
CN102057806A (en) * 2010-10-18 2011-05-18 石家庄万通机械制造有限公司 Self-propelled corn combine with functions of picking, peeling and straw returning
CN102257907A (en) * 2011-07-01 2011-11-30 青岛豪特农机制造有限公司 Detachably storing, top supporting and synchronously crushing self-walking spike and stem harvesting corn harvester
CN105706629A (en) * 2016-01-31 2016-06-29 德州春明农业机械有限公司 Corn harvesting machine capable of harvesting corn ears and stalks
CN106385953A (en) * 2016-02-18 2017-02-15 富锦市立兴植保机械制造有限公司 High-clearance corn-paternal-parent-removing ensilage harvesting machine
CN106416626A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-22 山东理工大学 Standing corn harvest machine cutting bench

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100367841C (en) * 2006-02-28 2008-02-13 袁东明 Large multifunctional corn combine harvester
CN102057806A (en) * 2010-10-18 2011-05-18 石家庄万通机械制造有限公司 Self-propelled corn combine with functions of picking, peeling and straw returning
CN102057806B (en) * 2010-10-18 2013-04-10 石家庄万通机械制造有限公司 Self-propelled corn combine with functions of picking, peeling and straw returning
CN102257907A (en) * 2011-07-01 2011-11-30 青岛豪特农机制造有限公司 Detachably storing, top supporting and synchronously crushing self-walking spike and stem harvesting corn harvester
CN105706629A (en) * 2016-01-31 2016-06-29 德州春明农业机械有限公司 Corn harvesting machine capable of harvesting corn ears and stalks
CN106385953A (en) * 2016-02-18 2017-02-15 富锦市立兴植保机械制造有限公司 High-clearance corn-paternal-parent-removing ensilage harvesting machine
CN106416626A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-22 山东理工大学 Standing corn harvest machine cutting bench

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