CN106385988B - Thresing machine - Google Patents

Thresing machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106385988B
CN106385988B CN201610476566.0A CN201610476566A CN106385988B CN 106385988 B CN106385988 B CN 106385988B CN 201610476566 A CN201610476566 A CN 201610476566A CN 106385988 B CN106385988 B CN 106385988B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller
roller group
group
cutting
sieve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610476566.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106385988A (en
Inventor
赵俊伟
杨开铭
王艳
廖湘辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Three Gorges University CTGU
Original Assignee
China Three Gorges University CTGU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Three Gorges University CTGU filed Critical China Three Gorges University CTGU
Priority to CN201610476566.0A priority Critical patent/CN106385988B/en
Publication of CN106385988A publication Critical patent/CN106385988A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106385988B publication Critical patent/CN106385988B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F7/00Threshing apparatus
    • A01F7/02Threshing apparatus with rotating tools
    • A01F7/04Threshing apparatus with rotating tools with axles transverse to the feeding direction
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F12/00Parts or details of threshing apparatus
    • A01F12/44Grain cleaners; Grain separators

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of thresing machine, including the first roller group, the second roller group and third roller group, and sieve is equipped between the first roller group and the second roller group, and the lower section of sieve is equipped with the first discharge bucket;The lower section of grain threshing roller and sieve equipped with rotation between second roller group and third roller group, grain threshing roller and sieve is equipped with the second discharge bucket;Cutting mechanism is equipped with after third roller group.By using rolling with the threshing mode that combines of impact, Threshing is good, be particularly suitable for the threshing setting of wheat, paddy and rape cutting mechanism can automatic crushing stalk, realize multiple functions, having reduces labor intensity, the effect improved labor efficiency.Of the invention is compact-sized, and easy to process and production is suitable for using in mountain area.

Description

Thresing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, especially a kind of thresing machine suitable for mountain area with multiple functions.
Background technique
Some areas, such as mountain area knob, due to topography unevenness, the processing of crops cannot use large-scale harvesting Machine.So that crops threshing is more troublesome, some areas are even also carrying out threshing processing using the mode beaten or stone is ground.
Existing thresing machine generallys use the hitting roll that rotation is driven by motor, and is hit by high-speed rotating hitting roll Agricultural product are played, such as the grain of paddy is separated with stalk, the problem is that large labor intensity, the stalk processing in later period is more Trouble.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of thresing machines, can be improved threshing efficiency, and it is strong to reduce labour It spends, in preferred scheme, moreover it is possible to realize selection by winnowing and the function that stalk crushes, and structure is simple, figure is small and exquisite, suitable for making in mountain area With.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is that: a kind of thresing machine, including the first roller group, Second roller group and third roller group, are equipped with sieve between the first roller group and the second roller group, and the lower section of sieve is equipped with the first discharge bucket;
It is equipped with the grain threshing roller and sieve of rotation between second roller group and third roller group, the lower section of grain threshing roller and sieve is equipped with the Two discharge buckets;
Cutting mechanism is equipped with after third roller group.
In preferred scheme, the blower for sorting is equipped in the outlet port of the first discharge bucket and the second discharge bucket.
In preferred scheme, in the grain threshing roller, the outer wall of roller is equipped with multiple striking rods or punch panel, grain threshing roller it is outer It encloses and is equipped with sieve.
In preferred scheme, in the cutting mechanism, stripping and slicing is located at the rear side of third roller group, is equipped in the rear side of stripping and slicing The cutting roller of rotation, the blade of cutting roller and the edge of stripping and slicing form shearing cooperation.
In preferred scheme, in the cutting roller, blade is fixedly connected by rod piece or plate with roller.
In preferred scheme, in first roller group, the second roller group and third roller group, at least lower roll and the first driving is filled Connection is set, and is driven and is rotated by first driving device;
Grain threshing roller and cutting roller are connect with the second driving device, and are driven and rotated by the second driving device;
The revolving speed of grain threshing roller and cutting roller is higher than the revolving speed of the first roller group, the second roller group and third roller group.
In preferred scheme, the lower roll of the first roller group, the second roller group and third roller group passes through the second transmission mechanism and second Motor connection;
The lower roll of first roller group, the second roller group and third roller group is equipped with upper roller, and the axis both ends of upper roller are equipped with pressure spring, so that The distance between upper roller and lower roll are variable.
It in preferred scheme, is connected between lower roll and upper roller by the 4th transmission mechanism, upper roller is set by the position of two close end There is universal joint.
In preferred scheme, the axis of any of grain threshing roller and cutting roller is connected by the first transmission mechanism and first motor It connects;
It is connected between grain threshing roller and cutting roller by third transmission mechanism.
In preferred scheme, feed hopper is additionally provided with before the first roller group, feed hopper import is wider, close to the first roller group It exports relatively narrow;
Feed hopper is supported on the rack by elastic element, and vibration device is equipped on feed hopper.
A kind of thresing machine provided by the invention, by using the threshing mode combined with impact is rolled, Threshing is good, It is particularly suitable for the threshing of wheat, paddy and rape, it in the preferred scheme, can be automatically by the crops of charging along good, just In improving threshing quality, it is able to carry out selection by winnowing, convenient for separating cereal with sundries, the cutting mechanism of setting being capable of automatic crushing straw Stalk realizes multiple functions, and having reduces labor intensity, the effect improved labor efficiency.Of the invention is compact-sized, easy to process And production, it is suitable for using in mountain area.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples:
Fig. 1 is structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the driving structure schematic diagram of middle grain threshing roller and cutting roller of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the driving structure schematic diagram of each roller group in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of roller group in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is schematic perspective view of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of feed hopper in the present invention.
In figure: the first roller group 1, upper roller 101, lower roll 102, the second roller group 2, third roller group 3, sieve 4, blower 5, first goes out Hopper 6, cutting roller 7, the second discharge bucket 8, grain threshing roller 9, stripping and slicing 10, first motor 11, the first transmission mechanism 12, the second motor 13, the second transmission mechanism 14, third transmission mechanism 15, pressure spring 16, the 4th transmission mechanism 17, universal joint 18, feed hopper 19, vibration Device 20.
Specific embodiment
Forward and backward orientation in this example is to be subject to the traffic directions of crops, and by taking Fig. 1 as an example, the direction of feed hopper is Front, i.e. left side in figure, and the direction where cutting roller is rear, i.e. right side in figure.
In Fig. 1,5, a kind of thresing machine, including the first roller group 1, the second roller group 2 and third roller group 3, the first roller group 1, Two roller groups 2 and third roller group 3 are rotatably mounted in rack, on the rack preferably by bearing bearing.
Between the first roller group 1 and the second roller group 2 be equipped with sieve 4, sieve 4 be replaceable structure, respectively correspond paddy, The lower section of the particulate matters such as wheat and rape, sieve 4 is equipped with the first discharge bucket 6, for collecting the crop grain fallen;
It is equipped with the grain threshing roller 9 and sieve of rotation between second roller group 2 and third roller group 3, is set below grain threshing roller 9 and sieve There is the second discharge bucket 8;The grain threshing roller 9 of rotation can improve the effect of threshing by way of impact, and cooperation is secondary to roll, substantially Complete threshing operation.
Cutting mechanism is equipped with after third roller group 3.Thus structure can crush the stalk after threshing, reduce subsequent Treatment process.
Preferred scheme as shown in figure 1, is equipped in the outlet port of the first discharge bucket 6 and the second discharge bucket 8 for sorting Blower.Structure in Fig. 1 is schematic diagram, and the outlet of the first discharge bucket 6 and the second discharge bucket 8 can also be integrated at one, i.e., Sharing one outlet can be by crop grain, such as paddy, wheat and rapeseed and impurity by blower to save blower Initial gross separation is carried out, labor intensity is further decreased.
Preferred scheme such as Fig. 1, in 2, in the grain threshing roller 9, the outer wall of roller is equipped with multiple striking rods or punch panel, leads to Striking rod or punch panel impact crops are crossed, the effect of threshing is improved, the periphery of grain threshing roller 9 is equipped with sieve.The sieve of setting, will Crops are limited in a lesser space, to increase the number of impact, to improve the efficiency and quality of threshing.
In preferred scheme, in the cutting mechanism, stripping and slicing 10 is located at the rear side of third roller group 3, after stripping and slicing 10 Side is equipped with the cutting roller 7 of rotation, and the blade of cutting roller 7 and the edge of stripping and slicing 10 form shearing cooperation, it is preferred that blade to stripping and slicing The distance at 10 edges is 1 ~ 3mm.
Preferred scheme such as Fig. 1, in 5, in the cutting roller 7, blade is fixedly connected by rod piece or plate with roller.By This structure, the straw chopping that will be come out from 10 upper end of stripping and slicing by high-speed rotating cutting roller 7.
In preferred scheme, in first roller group 1, the second roller group 2 and third roller group 3, at least lower roll and first is driven Dynamic device connection, and driven and rotated by first driving device;
Grain threshing roller 9 and cutting roller 7 are connect with the second driving device, and are driven and rotated by the second driving device;
The revolving speed of grain threshing roller 9 and cutting roller 7 is higher than the revolving speed of the first roller group 1, the second roller group 2 and third roller group 3.Thus it ties Structure, to reduce the speed of charging, and the speed that makes to strike and shred improves.
In preferred scheme, the second driving device also be used to drive blower.To reduce the quantity of motor.
In preferred scheme, the lower roll of the first roller group 1, the second roller group 2 and third roller group 3 by the second transmission mechanism 14 with The connection of second motor 13;Belt gear is used in second transmission mechanism, 14 this example, belt gear is connect with retarder, Retarder is connect with the second motor 13.The revolving speed of first roller group 1, the second roller group 2 and third roller group 3 is at 30 ~ 60 revs/min.
The lower roll of first roller group 1, the second roller group 2 and third roller group 3 is equipped with upper roller, and the axis both ends of upper roller are equipped with pressure spring 16, so that the distance between upper roller and lower roll are variable.The crops entered are compressed, and make upper roller and lower roll by thus structure The distance between can be adaptive with the thickness of crops variation.
In preferred scheme such as Fig. 4, connected between lower roll and upper roller by the 4th transmission mechanism 17, upper roller is by two close end Position is equipped with universal joint 18.Thus structure can rotate simultaneously between lower roll and upper roller, consequently facilitating charging.Further preferably , the 4th transmission mechanism 17 uses gear drive, and different from the pitch diameter of gear that lower roll and upper roller connect respectively, To make there are rotational speed difference between lower roll and upper roller, this rotational speed difference is also created in the charging of crops and roller compaction process and is rubbed The effect of stranding further improves the efficiency of threshing.The universal joint 18 of setting is capable of the play up and down of adaptive upper roller, without Influence transmission effect.
In preferred scheme such as Fig. 2, the axis of any of grain threshing roller 9 and cutting roller 7 passes through the first transmission mechanism 12 and the The connection of one motor 11;First transmission mechanism 12 uses belt or chain-drive mechanism, the revolving speed of grain threshing roller 9 and cutting roller 7 500 ~ 800 revs/min.
It is connected between grain threshing roller 9 and cutting roller 7 by third transmission mechanism 15.Third transmission mechanism 15 uses belt or chain Transmission mechanism.
In preferred scheme, feed hopper 19 is additionally provided with before the first roller group 1,19 import of feed hopper is wider, close to first The outlet of roller group 1 is relatively narrow;
Feed hopper 19 is supported on the rack by elastic element, and vibration device 20 is equipped on feed hopper 19.Thus structure, Crops can be made to enter the first roller group 1 at vertical state substantially by the crops of charging along good automatically, rather than sidewards into Enter, to improve Threshing, reduces labor intensity.
In Fig. 1 ~ 6, when in use, crops are placed on feed hopper 19, in vibration and 19 liang of side baffles of feed hopper Under effect, outlet position by along good, enter between the upper roller 101 and lower roll 102 of the first roller group 1, rolled and rubbed It rubs with the hands, separates crop grain with stalk, crop grain is fallen from mesh when passing through sieve 4, and stalk then enters second Roller group 2 is rolled and is rubbed again, and under the impact of grain threshing roller 9 effect, is further separated crop grain with stalk, stalk Third roller group 3 is entered after sieve, and there is gap between the rear side and stripping and slicing 10 of third roller group 3, make crop grain It is separated again with stalk, in the position of stripping and slicing 10, stalk is shredded by cutting roller 7.Crop grain is in the first discharge bucket 6 and second The outlet of discharge bucket 8 packs after selection by winnowing.Thus the process of entire threshing is completed.
The above embodiments are only the preferred technical solution of the present invention, and are not construed as limitation of the invention, this Shen Please in embodiment and embodiment in feature in the absence of conflict, can mutual any combination.Protection model of the invention The technical solution that should be recorded with claim is enclosed, the equivalent replacement side of technical characteristic in the technical solution recorded including claim Case is protection scope.Equivalent replacement i.e. within this range is improved, also within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of thresing machine, it is characterized in that: including horizontally disposed first roller group (1), the second roller group (2) and third roller group (3), Sieve (4) are equipped between the first roller group (1) and the second roller group (2), the lower section of sieve (4) is equipped with the first discharge bucket (6);
There are rotational speed differences between first roller group (1), the second roller group (2) and the lower roll and upper roller of third roller group (3), in crops The effect of rubbing is also generated in charging and roller compaction process;
The grain threshing roller (9) and sieve of rotation are equipped between second roller group (2) and third roller group (3), under grain threshing roller (9) and sieve Side is equipped with the second discharge bucket (8);
In first roller group (1), the second roller group (2) and third roller group (3), lower roll is connect with first driving device, and by First driving device driving rotation;
The lower roll of first roller group (1), the second roller group (2) and third roller group (3) passes through the second transmission mechanism (14) and the second motor (13) it connects;
The lower roll of first roller group (1), the second roller group (2) and third roller group (3) is equipped with upper roller, and the axis both ends of upper roller are equipped with pressure spring (16), so that the distance between upper roller and lower roll are variable;
It being connected between lower roll and upper roller by the 4th transmission mechanism (17), the 4th transmission mechanism (17) uses gear drive, Different from the pitch diameter of gear that lower roll and upper roller connect respectively, upper roller is equipped with universal joint (18) by the position of two close end;
Grain threshing roller (9) and cutting roller (7) are connect with the second driving device, and are driven and rotated by the second driving device;
The revolving speed of grain threshing roller (9) and cutting roller (7) is higher than the revolving speed of the first roller group (1), the second roller group (2) and third roller group (3);
In the grain threshing roller (9), the outer wall of roller is equipped with multiple striking rods or punch panel, and the periphery of grain threshing roller (9) is equipped with sieve;
Cutting mechanism is equipped with after third roller group (3);
In the cutting mechanism, stripping and slicing (10) is located at the rear side of third roller group (3), is equipped with rotation in the rear side of stripping and slicing (10) Cutting roller (7), the blade of cutting roller (7) and the edge of stripping and slicing (10) form shearing cooperation.
2. a kind of thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the first discharge bucket (6) and the second discharge bucket (8) Outlet port is equipped with the blower for sorting.
3. a kind of thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the cutting roller (7), blade by rod piece or Plate is fixedly connected with roller.
4. a kind of thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the axis of any of grain threshing roller (9) and cutting roller (7) It is connect by the first transmission mechanism (12) with first motor (11);
It is connect between grain threshing roller (9) and cutting roller (7) by third transmission mechanism (15).
5. a kind of thresing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: being additionally provided with feed hopper before the first roller group (1) (19), feed hopper (19) import is wider, and the outlet close to the first roller group (1) is relatively narrow;
Feed hopper (19) is supported on the rack by elastic element, is equipped with vibration device (20) on feed hopper (19).
CN201610476566.0A 2016-06-27 2016-06-27 Thresing machine Active CN106385988B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610476566.0A CN106385988B (en) 2016-06-27 2016-06-27 Thresing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610476566.0A CN106385988B (en) 2016-06-27 2016-06-27 Thresing machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106385988A CN106385988A (en) 2017-02-15
CN106385988B true CN106385988B (en) 2019-05-03

Family

ID=58006656

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610476566.0A Active CN106385988B (en) 2016-06-27 2016-06-27 Thresing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106385988B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108617273B (en) * 2017-03-18 2021-03-30 湖南农业大学 Rape threshing and chopping integrated machine

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1470230A1 (en) * 1987-07-20 1989-04-07 Всесоюзный научно-исследовательский институт масличных культур им.В.С.Пустовойта Method of threshing sunflower heads
CN201308005Y (en) * 2008-08-05 2009-09-16 张中学 Threshing and reaping machine

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5544575A (en) * 1994-12-27 1996-08-13 Spry; Robert H. Sheller for seed corn
CN2755931Y (en) * 2004-12-15 2006-02-08 满金海 Double roll type peanut and potato picking device
US9486806B1 (en) * 2011-04-01 2016-11-08 Claas Saulgau Gmbh System and method for processing crop materials into livestock feed and the product thereof
CN204698590U (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-14 河南康易源医疗科技有限公司 A kind of suspension X-ray tube bracing or strutting arrangement
CN205284175U (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-06-08 山东省农业科学院作物研究所 Harvester
CN205694396U (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-23 三峡大学 Thresing machine

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1470230A1 (en) * 1987-07-20 1989-04-07 Всесоюзный научно-исследовательский институт масличных культур им.В.С.Пустовойта Method of threshing sunflower heads
CN201308005Y (en) * 2008-08-05 2009-09-16 张中学 Threshing and reaping machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106385988A (en) 2017-02-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108617268B (en) Corn straw treatment device and method
CN109526407B (en) Straw picking, fine crushing, throwing and returning machine
CN210491762U (en) Corn stalk crusher
CN103623892B (en) Pulverizer
CN102986363A (en) Multi-purpose agricultural harvester
CN207443545U (en) A kind of rotary-cut crushes all-in-one machine
CN203827753U (en) Central collecting machine for smashing straw
CN103843532B (en) A kind of corn harvester
CN106385988B (en) Thresing machine
CN2857438Y (en) Matching device for transforming and assembling self moving grain reaping machine to corn harvesting machine
CN1675980A (en) Self-propelled maize harvester for concurrently harvesting ear-stem
CN104509341B (en) A kind of environmental protection many crops straws chopping and returning thresher
CN101390462A (en) Multi-function combined maize harvester
CN109769466A (en) Centre of gravity 4 wheel driven maize harvesting machine
CN205694396U (en) Thresing machine
CN202799718U (en) Threshing separator
CN201238479Y (en) Apparatus for pulverizing and collecting stalk of corn harvester
CN210120805U (en) Straw smashing and collecting machine
CN108076838A (en) A kind of sugar cane leaf crushing and returning to field machine
CN203748256U (en) Grain feeding device and combine harvester with same
CN203809338U (en) Cleaning centrifugal fan of combine harvester and combine harvester with fan
CN201550445U (en) wheat straw crushing and threshing machine
CN205510932U (en) Cutting platform of maize harvester
CN105612920B (en) A kind of corn harvester
CN206353977U (en) Tiger nut harvester

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant