CN2723262Y - Hidden rail permanent magnet compensation type suspension road-vehicle system - Google Patents

Hidden rail permanent magnet compensation type suspension road-vehicle system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2723262Y
CN2723262Y CN 200420048914 CN200420048914U CN2723262Y CN 2723262 Y CN2723262 Y CN 2723262Y CN 200420048914 CN200420048914 CN 200420048914 CN 200420048914 U CN200420048914 U CN 200420048914U CN 2723262 Y CN2723262 Y CN 2723262Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
suspension
rail
vehicle
permanent magnet
sides
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN 200420048914
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李岭群
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李岭群
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Priority to CN 200420048914 priority Critical patent/CN2723262Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a hidden rail permanent magnet compensation type suspension road-vehicle system. Hidden rails are arranged at underground double culvert hole channels, and each hole culvert channel is communicated with the opening of a rail gap on ground. The stress corbel of both sides of each hole culvert channel are provided with a permanent magnetic rail, and the inner-upper sides of the culvert channels of both sides of the opening of a rail gap are respectively provided with sucking suspension guide rails. Both sides of each culvert channel are guide rails. A magnetic suspension vehicle comprises suspension power rooms which are arranged under the ground and a carriage which is arranged on the ground, and the power rooms and the carriage are connected to form an integral body by a plate belly beam. The two suspension power rooms are respectively inlaid in the double hole culvert channels. The lower sides of the external portions of the power room bodies are provided with vehicle wing permanent magnets which are opposite to the planes of the permanent magnetic rails on the stress corbels in same magnetic poles. The upper sides of the external sides of the power room bodies are provided with sucking suspension permanent magnets which are corresponding to the sucking suspension guide rails of the upper sides of the channels, and the upper sides of the external portions of the power room bodies are provided with the belly beams which are connected with the bottom of the carriage on the ground. The inner portions of the suspension power rooms are provided with a set of power mechanisms and two sets of guide fixing pulleys which are contacted with the guide rails of both sides of the culvert channels.

Description

The compensation suspension road-vehicle of dark rail permanent magnet system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of road-vehicle transport systems that uses permanent-magnet compensation formula suspension technology.Specifically, relate to a kind of track, the compensation suspension road-vehicle of vehicle dark rail permanent magnet on the ground system underground.
Background technology
The city railroad traffic always is the sign of urban modernization, brings into play critical function in " public transport " transportation.In current technical field, subway, light rail, play an important role.They have many good qualities, but also deposit obvious deficiency: subway cost height (5-7 hundred million Renminbi/kilometers), the subway station inconvenience of coming in and going out; The light rail face of land is taken up an area of many, and about every kilometer 1.2 ten thousand sq m, face of land rubble is laid the base of the rail, and environment protecting is poor; Noise is big.The common drawback of these two wheel track technology is that vibrations are big, running velocity is low, energy consumption is high, and the technology integrated level is low, and construction method is extensive, construction speed is slow.
Existing magnetic levitation technology mostly be the face of land overhead, at a high speed, intercity running technology.Specifically, there are three types: German TR series magnetic suspension train, what it adopted is that normal air guide crack sensing electromagnetism is inhaled suspension technology; Japan MLX series magnetic suspension train, what it adopted is the electronic magnetic levitation technology of superconduction; What China's magnetic suspension train adopted is vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system technology.This three types of technology speed is more than 450 kilometers/hour, is unfavorable for that stop spacing is public transport transportation in 500~1000 meters the urban district.These technology are referring to " magnetic levitation railway system and technology " (Chinese science and technology press 2003.1); " vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system " (China Patent No.: ZL00105737.5)
The utility model content
It is a kind of cheap that the purpose of this utility model is to provide, and has good urban district public transport transportation function, and big transport capacity is arranged, the permanent magnet suspension road-vehicle transport systems that speed is about 200 kilometers.
The compensation suspension road-vehicle of the dark rail permanent magnet that the utility model proposes system is made up of dark rail and maglev vehicle two large divisions.
The dark rail that the utility model provides is located in the underground diplopore duct of being made by ferro-concrete.Each ccontaining suspension piggyback pod described later of this diplopore duct, duct respectively has a rail gap opening to communicate with ground, with ccontaining car body web grider described later; Be provided with a permanent magnetism rail on the stressed bracket in both sides in each hole duct; The top that is positioned at the both sides duct of rail gap opening is mounted with respectively inhales the suspension guide rail, and this guide rail is made by the ferrimagnetism steel plate; The both sides of each duct are guided way.
Maglev vehicle of the present utility model is connected as one by tabular web grider between the two by being located at underground suspension piggyback pod and being located at visitor's (goods) railway carriage on the ground and forming.
Suspension piggyback pod of the present utility model is two symmetrical cabin bodies, is embedded in respectively in the diplopore duct.
Cabin external body below both wings are equipped with the wing permanent magnet, this permanent magnet be installed on the stressed bracket of duct the permanent magnetism rail with the plane of same pole toward each other.
External side top, cabin is equipped with inhales the suspension permanent magnet, and this permanent magnet is corresponding with the suction suspension guide rail that is installed in the interior top of duct.
External top, cabin is equipped with a tabular web grider, and connects as one by this web grider and ground railway carriage bottom.
The suspension piggyback pod is inner to be installed:
One group of actuating unit is made up of movable pulley-power motor-vehicle power-inverse control system, is installed in the middle part of suspension piggyback pod.
Two groups of guiding fixed pulleys are installed in the two ends of suspension piggyback pod, and this fixed pulley is that same horizontal surface also all contacts with the guided way of duct both sides with movable pulley.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a ground of the present utility model whole structure scheme drawing.
Fig. 2 is the generalized section of maglev vehicle part in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the generalized section of dark rail part in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the generalized section of Fig. 1 along B-B.
Fig. 5 is the generalized section of Fig. 1 along A-A.
The specific embodiment
The content of the following stated is the detailed description of in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the utility model being done, and should not be understood that it is to qualification of the present utility model.
Please consult Fig. 1 earlier, the whole structure scheme drawing that to be the utility model can see from the ground.See also Fig. 2, the utility model maglev vehicle is made up of the two large divisions.Be divided into aerial part and under ground portion: on the ground be visitor's (goods) railway carriage 14 of maglev vehicle, its profile is the same with common vehicle, being arranged on of the suspension of suspension piggyback pod 11 of the present utility model is underground, and the tabular web grider 4 by an alloy system between ground visitor (goods) railway carriage 14 and the underground suspension piggyback pod 11 connects as one.
See also Fig. 3, the utility model is made diplopore duct 7 in underground by reinforced concrete skeleton frame 18, is used for ccontaining suspension piggyback pod 11.Specifically be these diplopore duct 7 each ccontaining suspension piggyback pods 11, the centre of each duct respectively has a rail gap opening 3 to communicate with ground, the about 30mm of the width of this rail gap opening 3, can't see the rail of the required laying of common railroad vehicle from ground, so train looks as travelling on lawn 13.The both sides of each duct are guided way 19.
Be provided with a permanent magnetism rail 6 on the stressed bracket 5 in both sides in each hole duct 7; The top that is positioned at rail gap opening 3 both sides ducts is mounted with respectively inhales suspension guide rail 8, and this guide rail 8 can be made by the ferrimagnetism steel plate.Permanent magnetism rail 6 and suction suspension guide rail 8 can adopt bolt respectively.
Please consult Fig. 2 again, suspension piggyback pod 11 its outside below both wings of maglev vehicle of the present utility model are equipped with wing permanent magnet 9, this permanent magnet 9 be installed on the duct 7 stressed brackets 5 permanent magnetism rail 6 with the plane of same pole toward each other, remain with the air gap of 5-18mm between the two, interactional therebetween repulsive force is suspended on the track magnetic suspension car body, scolds suspension mechanism with formation.
Top, cabin body 11 outsides is equipped with inhales suspension permanent magnet 10, and this permanent magnet 10 is corresponding with the suction suspension guide rail 8 that is installed in duct 7 interior tops, remains with the air gap of 10-60mm between the two.
Above-mentioned permanent magnetism rail 6, wing permanent magnet 9 and suction suspension permanent magnet 10 are the permanent magnetic iron material, and for strengthening its magnetic, the utility model adopts Nd-Fe-B magnet steel to make.
Suspension piggyback pod 11 inside are equipped with one group of actuating unit, form by movable pulley 15, power motor 16 and vehicle power and inverse control system, because vehicle power and inverse control system are present electric locomotive institute general-duty device, and not discussion emphasis of the present utility model, so do not mark in the accompanying drawing.Above-mentioned actuating unit is installed in the middle part of suspension piggyback pod 11.In conjunction with Fig. 1, this actuating unit also is mounted in the middle part of whole vehicle as can be seen.
See also Fig. 4, be the cutaway view of Fig. 1 along the B-B line, one group of guiding fixed pulley 17 is installed in the two ends of suspension piggyback pod, this guiding fixed pulley 17 and movable pulley 15 also all contacts with the guided way 19 of duct both sides for same horizontal surface, with locomotive control in two track central authorities.Its two ends of traditional electric locomotive all are equipped with movable pulley, and when the locomotive crank motion, this movable pulley plays power, guiding and the effect of support car body.But the cost of one group of movable pulley of every increase is very high, and has increased the own wt of car body again, and weight is heavy more, the corresponding again increase of the kinetic energy of consumption.The utility model has changed the power and the guiding mechanism of this conventional electric power locomotive, at the locomotive middle part actuating unit is installed, and two ends adopt fixed pulley as guiding mechanism.Can significantly reduce the weight of locomotive manufacturing cost and locomotive like this.
Seeing also Fig. 5, be the section-drawing of Fig. 1 along the A-A line, also is whole structure scheme drawing of the present utility model.Can more clearly understand the technical solution of the utility model in this width of cloth scheme drawing.
The visitor of the utility model aerial part (goods) cabin 14 is the cabin bodies that hold passenger or goods, is streamline contour according to the structural dynamics principle design, and material can be that alloy, glass and glass-felt plastic etc. are made.
Maglev vehicle of the present utility model in motion, the double action that this vehicle is subjected to repulsion and suction is suspension, power motor 16 drives movable pulleys 15 powered vehicle action, the guiding of vehicle is by fixed pulley 17 controls.
Magnetic suspension road-vehicle of the present utility model transportation system compares with city underground and has the following advantages:
1. safety. The wheel track concentrfated load of subway is stressed, the material fatiguability, and fail-safe hidden danger is big, The hidden danger that also has derailing to overturn in addition; The utility model road-vehicle system is stressed by magnetic field to be evenly load, The material indefatigability, fail-safe hidden danger is little, and road-vehicle adopts integrated mosaic texture in addition, from all On stopped derailing and overturned.
2. energy consumption is low. The utility model bus disengages by magnetic field force, and frictional resistance is little, windage Little, energy-conservation value is greater than 30% when 100 kilometers speed per hour operations.
3. speed height, noise is little. The speed per hour of subway is at 50-100 kilometer/hour, dark rail magnetic levitation the time Speed is at 50-200 kilometer/hour, and noise hangs down 50%. This is because the utility model levitation train profile The cause smooth, that air resistance coefficient is little.
4. the usefulness resource is than high. 1.4 tons of the weight of the every linear meter train of railcar, dark rail magnetic levitation is 700 kilograms.
5. comprehensive cost is low. Hundred million yuans of every kilometer cost 5-7 of subway. Dark rail magnetic levitation is 0.6 hundred million RMB.
In addition, the most outstanding is environment protecting: light rail is the rubble roadbed paving, in order to safeguard rail, Often need weeding, vehicle is exercised at bright rail. And ground surface of the present utility model can be planted all kinds of grass The level ground to safeguard the greening in city, looks that car is " grass flies ".

Claims (7)

1. the compensation suspension road-vehicle of a dark rail permanent magnet system is characterized in that, is made up of dark rail and maglev vehicle two large divisions, and wherein dark rail is to be located at the underground diplopore duct of being made by the mixed earth of reinforcing bar, and every hole duct has a rail gap opening to communicate with ground;
The stressed bracket in both sides in each hole duct is provided with a permanent magnetism rail;
The top that is positioned at rail gap opening both sides duct is mounted with respectively inhales the suspension guide rail;
The both sides of each duct are guided way;
Maglev vehicle is connected as one by tabular web grider between piggyback pod and the railway carriage by being located at underground suspension piggyback pod and being located at railway carriage on the ground and forming;
The suspension piggyback pod is two symmetrical cabin bodies, is embedded in respectively in the diplopore duct;
Cabin external body below both wings are equipped with the wing permanent magnet, this permanent magnet be installed on the stressed bracket of duct the permanent magnetism rail with the plane of same pole toward each other, at a distance of 5-18mm, form repulsive force mechanism;
External side top, cabin is equipped with inhales the suspension permanent magnet, and this permanent magnet is corresponding with the suction suspension guide rail that is installed in the interior top of duct, at a distance of 10-60mm, forms and inhales suspension mechanism;
External top, cabin is equipped with a web grider, and being connected bottom railway carriage on the ground becomes one;
Suspension piggyback pod inside is equipped with:
One group of actuating unit is made up of movable pulley-power motor-vehicle power-inverse control system, is installed in the middle part in the suspension piggyback pod;
Two groups of guiding fixed pulleys are installed in the two ends in the suspension piggyback pod, and this guiding fixed pulley is same horizontal surface with movable pulley and all contacts with the guided way of duct both sides.
2. the compensation suspension road-vehicle of dark rail permanent magnet as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described suspension piggyback pod is that alloy is made.
3. the compensation suspension road-vehicle of dark rail permanent magnet as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that, described permanent magnetism rail, wing permanent magnet, suction suspension permanent magnet are that Nd-Fe-B magnet steel is made.
4. the compensation suspension road-vehicle of dark rail permanent magnet as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described suction suspension guide rail is made for the ferrimagnetism steel plate.
5. the compensation suspension road-vehicle of dark rail permanent magnet as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that the railway carriage of described ground is main cabin or cargo hold.
6. as claim 1 or the compensation suspension road-vehicle of 5 described dark rail permanent magnets system, it is characterized in that the railway carriage of described ground is that alloy, glass or glass-felt plastic are made, and has streamline contour.
7. the compensation suspension road-vehicle of dark rail permanent magnet as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described tabular web grider is made by alloy.
CN 200420048914 2004-04-13 2004-04-13 Hidden rail permanent magnet compensation type suspension road-vehicle system Expired - Lifetime CN2723262Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420048914 CN2723262Y (en) 2004-04-13 2004-04-13 Hidden rail permanent magnet compensation type suspension road-vehicle system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420048914 CN2723262Y (en) 2004-04-13 2004-04-13 Hidden rail permanent magnet compensation type suspension road-vehicle system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2723262Y true CN2723262Y (en) 2005-09-07

Family

ID=35036896

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200420048914 Expired - Lifetime CN2723262Y (en) 2004-04-13 2004-04-13 Hidden rail permanent magnet compensation type suspension road-vehicle system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2723262Y (en)

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting
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Effective date of abandoning: 20040413