CN1302946C - Suspended road-vehicle system with hanging rail and vacuum tube and permanent magnet attracted balancing compensation - Google Patents

Suspended road-vehicle system with hanging rail and vacuum tube and permanent magnet attracted balancing compensation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1302946C
CN1302946C CNB2004100325620A CN200410032562A CN1302946C CN 1302946 C CN1302946 C CN 1302946C CN B2004100325620 A CNB2004100325620 A CN B2004100325620A CN 200410032562 A CN200410032562 A CN 200410032562A CN 1302946 C CN1302946 C CN 1302946C
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vehicle
suspension
permanent magnetism
magnetic
pipeline
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CNB2004100325620A
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CN1680136A (en
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李岭群
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李岭群
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a hanging track pipeline and vacuum permanent magnet double suction balancing compensation type suspension track-vehicle system which is composed of a track and a magnetic suspension vehicle, wherein the track is formed by that a gantry is composed of a goalpost cast by reinforced concrete and an inverted T-shaped door beam integrally cast, an end head of an I-shaped beam cast by concrete is overlapped on the inverted T-shaped door beam, a steel pipeline is fixed to the lower part of the I-shaped beam, a steel compression-resistant ring is arranged in the steel pipeline, the compression-resistant ring is combined with an n-shaped steel bowed tie, a magnetic plate track is arranged at the internal upper part of the bowed tie, both side of the inner part of the bowed tie are respectively provided with a magnetic wing track, and a concave-downward part of the magnetic wing track is a guide track; the magnetic suspension vehicle is formed integrally, the upper part of the magnetic suspension vehicle is a suspension power cabin, the lower part of the magnetic suspension vehicle is carriages, and the whole device is arranged in the pipeline. The power cabin is inlaid in the bowed tie, and the external top of the power cabin is provided with a top permanent magnet. Wing permanent magnets are respectively arranged on wing magnetic bases at both sides of the outer part of a cabin body. A set of power mechanisms is arranged in the suspension power cabin and is installed in the middle part of the inner part of the suspension power cabin. Two sets of guide fixed pulleys are arranged at both ends of the suspension power cabin.

Description

Hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of use and hang suspension permanent magnetic road-vehicle transport systems, specifically, it is overhead to relate to a kind of pipeline, hanger rail in pipeline above, train adopts the road-vehicle system of permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension technology below hanger rail.
Background technology
Magnetic levitation technology is called the green revolution of 21st century field of traffic, makes significant progress in recent years." often lead " type electromagnetic suspension train as the TR series of Germany, adopt linear motor driving, the time scooter 450km/h.This electromagnetic suspension train need be overhead with roadbed, the car body bottom encircled above track, to avoid the car body derailing or to topple again.Japan's MLX series " superconduction " type magnetic suspension train need use the low-temperature superconducting coil, so as to producing powerful magnetic field force, train is walked in U type groove, the sidewall spacers of groove is installed " 8 " font conducting ring, existing directional tagging, especially so as to train being produced the induction coil of buoyancy, the time scooter 550km/h.China's GKC06 series " permanent magnetism " type aerotrain adopts permanent-magnet compensation formula suspension technology, linear motor driving, the time scooter 1080km/h.These technology are referring to " magnetic levitation railway system and technology " (Chinese science and technology press 2003.11); " vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system " (China Patent No.: ZL00105737.5).
Germany TR and Japanese MLX series magnetic suspension train technology all belong to " formula of laying oneself on the railway tracks " layout, train operation center of gravity height, poor stability; Adopt electromagnetism and superconductive permanent-magnet suspension structure, linear motor driving cost height.Every kilometer cost of German TR series technique 300,000,000 Renminbi that adopt in Shanghai, Japanese MLX technology are especially up to 6.8 hundred million Renminbi, the popularization of expensive investment limitation technology.Though China GKC06 magnetic levitation technology is being stablized center of gravity, reduces cost, saving the power consumption aspect has important breakthrough, needs to lay the higher nd-fe-b rail magnetic of cost.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle system, the present invention does not need to lay nd-fe-b rail magnetic, and cheap, transport power is powerful, and speed per hour has extensive comformability and operation compatibility at 1080km/h.
The hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle system that the present invention proposes is made up of track and maglev vehicle two parts, wherein:
Rail portion is formed portal frame by the column of steel bar concrete casting with the inverted T-shaped door beam of column one casting; The H-girder that forms with concrete casting, its termination is overlapped on the inverted T-shaped door beam, there is steel pipe the H-girder below with bolt, be interval with the metal compression ring in the pipeline, this compression ring top is compounded with a steel bow that is the ㄇ type and rests the head on, the top is provided with the concentrating flux plate rail in the bow pillow, and both sides respectively are provided with the magnetic conduction wing rail in the bow pillow, and the lower concave part of this magnetic conduction wing rail is a guided way;
Maglev vehicle part, top are that suspension piggyback pod, bottom are that the compartment is made into integration; Compartment integral body is arranged in the pipeline; The suspension piggyback pod is embedded in the bow pillow, and the top magnetics substrate at the outer top of suspension piggyback pod is provided with top permanent magnetism; On the pterygoid magnetic base of suspension piggyback pod both sides external pterygoid permanent magnetic is installed respectively, every flank permanent magnetism is two up and down, and there is a gap centre, and one of them is the N utmost point, and another is the S utmost point; Suspension piggyback pod inside is equipped with one group of actuating unit, is made up of drive wheel-drive motor-vehicle power-inverse control system, is installed in the middle part in the suspension piggyback pod; Two groups of guiding fixed pulleys are installed in the two ends in the suspension piggyback pod;
The concentrating flux plate rail of top was at a distance of 20-160mm, the lift force that corresponding formation is opposite with gravity direction in the top permanent magnetism of external top, cabin was rested the head on bow; The magnetic conduction wing rail of the pterygoid permanent magnetic of external both sides, cabin and bow pillow both sides is at a distance of 5-35mm, and corresponding formation is balance suction lift force up and down;
By the above-mentioned vehicle of forming in motion, be subjected to lift force and up and down the double action of balancing force be suspension, this guiding fixed pulley and drive wheel be same horizontal surface and all contact with bending the guided way of resting the head on both sides, and vehicle is controlled in the middle of two magnetic conduction wing rails.
Be provided with temperature joint between described H-girder termination and the inverted T-shaped door beam.
Described H-girder middle part is provided with breather port.
Described pipeline is with bolt each road joint assembly to be coupled together, and is provided with expansion joint at each point of connection.
Described pipeline both sides You looks at window.
Described compression ring is that steel plate is made.
The outer end, both sides of described top magnetics substrate is provided with piston shoes.
Described concentrating flux plate rail and magnetic conduction wing rail are made for the ferrimagnetism steel plate.
Described compartment is main cabin or cargo hold.
Described compartment is that alloy or glass-felt plastic are made, and has streamline contour.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an outer shape lateral plan of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is along the A-A generalized section among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the generalized section of pipeline of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a maglev vehicle generalized section of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is along the B-B generalized section among Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is along the C-C generalized section among Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
The content of the following stated is the detailed description of in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the present invention being done, and should not be understood that it is limitation of the invention.
Please consulting Fig. 1 earlier, is side of the present invention whole structure scheme drawing, and as can be seen from the figure the present invention is made up of track and maglev vehicle two parts, wherein:
Train head 1 is cleanliness, contacts for smooth smooth seal between car door 2, driver door 3, boot compartment car door 4, vehicle window 5 and the covering 6, to reduce the resistance and the compartment oxygen leakage of operation apoplexy.Whole train moves in sealed vacuum pipeline 7, and the degree of vacuum of this pipeline 7 is about 10-2.The pipeline both sides are provided with loud and clear prestige window 8, and this loud and clear prestige window 8 can be used as Emergency Exit and free air diffuser.Ground is greening lawn 18, and duct bottom is about 6 meters apart from ground surface lawn 18.
Please in conjunction with Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, steel pipe 7 is fixed by bolts to H-girder 13 belows, and steel pipe 7 is made up of several road joint assemblies, and each road joint assembly is such as but not limited to 12 meters long, connect with bolt each other, on each point of connection, be provided with the sealing expansion joint.Pipeline 7 is evacuated by vacuum pump 41.About sealing expansion joint and vacuum pump is known in those skilled in the art, and the present invention seldom describes this, does not also recommend accompanying drawing.H-girder 13 is made by prestressed reinforced concrete, and its middle part is provided with breather port 14, to reduce the pressure of wind.The termination 15 of H-girder 13 is overlapped on the inverted T shape door beam 16.Be provided with temperature joint between H-girder 13 terminations 15 and the inverted T-shaped door beam 16, and connect with bolt.Inverted T shape door beam 16 and the column 17 under it are that the casting of cement concrete one forms portal frame 19.Two pipelines 7 are fixed by the central authorities of portal frame 19, and this multiple line erection technique will make the unidirectional time of dispatching a car shorten, and improve power.For strengthening the impregnability of steel pipe 7, be such as but not limited to 1.2 meters the clear width of the tube wall 20 of pipeline 7 and be provided with a compression ring 21.The one steel bow pillow 22 that is the ㄇ type is compounded on the compression ring 21.The concentrating flux plate rail 23 that bow pillow 22 interior tops have the ferrimagnetism steel plate to make with bolt, respectively there is magnetic conduction wing rail 24 both sides with bolt in the bow pillow 22, and the lower concave part of this magnetic conduction wing rail 24 is a guided way 25.
See also Fig. 4, maglev vehicle of the present invention is that alloy or glass-felt plastic are made into integration, and is made up of top suspension piggyback pod and main cabin, bottom two parts.The main cabin, bottom can be a cargo hold also, or is divided into main cabin layer 27 and cargo hold layer 28.This suspension piggyback pod 26 is embedded in the bow pillow 22, and suspension piggyback pod 26 inside are equipped with one group of actuating unit, by drive wheel 35 and 37 coaxial linking to each other of drive motor, is fixed on the wheel beam 36 in this actuating unit.Above-mentioned actuating unit is installed in suspension piggyback pod 26 middle parts.Outer top at suspension piggyback pod 26 is mounted with top permanent magnetism 29, and this top permanent magnetism 29 is fixed by bolts on the top magnetics substrate 30, and this top magnetics substrate 30 is fixed by bolts on the annular keel 32 of suspension piggyback pod 26.The below, outer end, both sides of this top magnetics substrate 30 is piston shoes 31.Be mounted with pterygoid permanent magnetic 33 in suspension piggyback pod 26 both sides, this pterygoid permanent magnetic 33 is fixed by bolts to by pterygoid magnetic base 34 on the annular keel 32 of suspension piggyback pod 26, and every flank permanent magnetism 33 is divided into two up and down, and there is a gap centre, and one of them is the N utmost point, and another is the S utmost point.
See also Fig. 5, be installed in the scheme drawing of pipeline inner orbit for maglev vehicle of the present invention.The concentrating flux plate rail 23 of top remains with the air gap of 20-160mm between the two in top permanent magnetism 29 on the suspension piggyback pod 26 and the bow pillow 22, and correspondence forms the lift force opposite with gravity direction.The pterygoid permanent magnetic 33 of piggyback pod 26 both sides is corresponding with the magnetic conduction wing rail 24 of both sides in the bow pillow 22, remains with the air gap of 5-35mm between the two, forms the lift force of balance up and down, with Train Control on predetermined altitude.
When pterygoid permanent magnetic 33 is identical with magnetic conduction wing rail 24 both level heights, be that suction lift force between train top permanent magnetism 29 and the concentrating flux plate rail 23 is when direction is opposite with train gravity equal and opposite in direction, then be not parallel to the gravity direction application force between pterygoid permanent magnetic 33 and the magnetic conduction wing rail 24, this highly is the equilibrium point height; When pterygoid permanent magnetic 33 height during greater than magnetic conduction wing rail 24 height, in the time of just on the equilibrium point height, be that the gravity of train is during less than the lift force between top permanent magnetism 29 and the concentrating flux plate rail 23, then pterygoid permanent magnetic 33 and magnetic conduction wing rail 24 application forces vertically downward, opposite with force direction between top permanent magnetism 29 and the concentrating flux plate rail 23; When pterygoid permanent magnetic 33 height during less than magnetic conduction wing rail 24 height, in the time of just under the equilibrium point height, be that the gravity of train is during greater than the lift force between top permanent magnetism 29 and the concentrating flux plate rail 23, then pterygoid permanent magnetic 33 and magnetic conduction wing rail 24 application forces vertically upward, identical with force direction between top permanent magnetism 29 and the concentrating flux plate rail 23.In brief, top permanent magnetism 29 is inhaled suspension mechanism with the concentrating flux plate rail 23 corresponding formation of its top, and train is formed suction lift force upwards; Lift force is inhaled in pterygoid permanent magnetic 33 and the 24 corresponding formation of magnetic conduction wing rail balance up and down, two power collaborative works, thereby formed " suspension of double suction balance compensating ", with Train Control on predetermined altitude.If lift force lost efficacy, owing to have piston shoes 31, vehicle still can rely on piston shoes 31 to slide on magnetic conduction wing rail 24 tops, to guarantee safety.
Its two ends of traditional electric locomotive all are equipped with drive wheel, and when the locomotive crank motion, this drive wheel plays power, guiding and the effect of support car body.But the cost of one group of drive wheel of every increase is very high, and has increased the own wt of car body again, and weight is heavy more, the corresponding again increase of the kinetic energy of consumption.The present invention has changed the power and the guiding mechanism of this conventional electric power locomotive, at the locomotive middle part actuating unit is installed, and two ends adopt fixed pulley as guiding mechanism.Can significantly reduce the weight of locomotive manufacturing cost and locomotive like this.
See also Fig. 6, be the section-drawing of Fig. 1 along the C-C line.The present invention respectively is equipped with one group of guiding fixed pulley 38 at suspension piggyback pod two ends, be fixed on the wheel beam 36.This guiding fixed pulley 38 and drive wheel 35 is for same horizontal surface and all contact with the guided way 25 that bow is rested the head on 22 interior both sides, controls the left and right sides degree of freedom of suspension piggyback pod 26, with locomotive control in two magnetic conduction wing rail central authorities.Maglev vehicle of the present invention in motion, this vehicle be subjected to inhaling lift force and up and down the double action of balance suction be suspension, drive motor 37 drives drive wheels 35 powered vehicle action, the guiding of vehicle is by fixed pulley 38 controls.
From Fig. 6, be appreciated that guiding fixed pulley 38 and bend contacting of pillow 22 interior both sides guided ways 25.These piggyback pod 26 returning apparatus have vehicle power 39 and inverse control system 40, because vehicle power and inverse control system are present electric locomotive institute general-duty device, and are not discussion emphasis of the present invention, so do not mark in detail in the accompanying drawing.
Magnetic suspension road-vehicle transport systems of the present invention compared with prior art has following advantage:
Cost is low, is equivalent to 1/3 of German TR series;
Energy-conservation, be equivalent to 20% of German TR series;
Transport power is big, is equivalent to 5 times of German TR series, but gets final product passenger traffic shipping again;
Train is from heavy and light, 0.8 ton/meter; And German TR series is 2.2 tons/meter, the index of correlation of Japanese MLX series and German TR series quite or not as Germany index.

Claims (10)

1. a hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle system is made up of track and maglev vehicle two parts, wherein:
Rail portion is formed portal frame by the column of steel bar concrete casting with the inverted T-shaped door beam of column one casting; The H-girder that forms with concrete casting, its termination is overlapped on the inverted T-shaped door beam, there is steel pipe the H-girder below with bolt, be interval with the metal compression ring in the pipeline, this compression ring top is compounded with a steel bow that is the ㄇ type and rests the head on, the top is provided with the concentrating flux plate rail in the bow pillow, and both sides respectively are provided with the magnetic conduction wing rail in the bow pillow, and the lower concave part of this magnetic conduction wing rail is a guided way;
Maglev vehicle part, top are that suspension piggyback pod, bottom are that the compartment is made into integration; Compartment integral body is arranged in the pipeline; The suspension piggyback pod is embedded in the bow pillow, and the top magnetics substrate at the outer top of suspension piggyback pod is provided with top permanent magnetism; On the pterygoid magnetic base of suspension piggyback pod both sides external pterygoid permanent magnetic is installed respectively, every flank permanent magnetism is two up and down, and there is a gap centre, and one of them is the N utmost point, and another is the S utmost point; Suspension piggyback pod inside is equipped with one group of actuating unit, is made up of drive wheel-drive motor-vehicle power-inverse control system, is installed in the middle part in the suspension piggyback pod; Two groups of guiding fixed pulleys are installed in the two ends in the suspension piggyback pod;
The concentrating flux plate rail of top was at a distance of 20-160mm, the lift force that corresponding formation is opposite with gravity direction in the top permanent magnetism of external top, cabin was rested the head on bow; The magnetic conduction wing rail of the pterygoid permanent magnetic of external both sides, cabin and bow pillow both sides is at a distance of 5-35mm, and corresponding formation is balance suction lift force up and down;
By the above-mentioned vehicle of forming in motion, be subjected to lift force and up and down the double action of balancing force be suspension, this guiding fixed pulley and drive wheel be same horizontal surface and all contact with bending the guided way of resting the head on both sides, and vehicle is controlled in the middle of two magnetic conduction wing rails.
2. hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that, is provided with temperature joint between described H-girder termination and the inverted T-shaped door beam.
3. hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that, described H-girder middle part is provided with breather port.
4. hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that, described pipeline is with bolt each road joint assembly to be coupled together, and is provided with the sealing expansion joint at each point of connection.
5. as claim 1 or 4 described hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle systems, it is characterized in that described pipeline both sides You looks at window.
6. hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described compression ring is that steel plate is made.
7. hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that the outer end, both sides of described top magnetics substrate is provided with piston shoes.
8. hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described concentrating flux plate rail and magnetic conduction wing rail are made for the ferrimagnetism steel plate.
9. hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described compartment is main cabin or cargo hold.
10. as claim 1 or 9 described hanger rail pipeline vacuum permanent magnetism double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle systems, it is characterized in that described compartment is that alloy or glass-felt plastic are made, and has streamline contour.
CNB2004100325620A 2004-04-09 2004-04-09 Suspended road-vehicle system with hanging rail and vacuum tube and permanent magnet attracted balancing compensation Expired - Fee Related CN1302946C (en)

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CN1302946C true CN1302946C (en) 2007-03-07

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CN100450814C (en) * 2006-09-13 2009-01-14 李岭群 Energy gathering permanent magnetic suspension steering device
CN100450815C (en) * 2006-09-13 2009-01-14 李岭群 Energy collecting permanent magnetic suspension steering device
TWI391271B (en) * 2011-02-21 2013-04-01 Univ Nat Chunghsing Anti-gravity suspended gondola
CN107139948A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-08 苏彬诚 A kind of bullet train runtime and its operation method
CN108454638A (en) * 2018-02-10 2018-08-28 张跃 A kind of vacuum train position adaptive controller

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CN1111123C (en) * 2000-04-04 2003-06-11 李岭群 Vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system
CN2728828Y (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-09-28 李岭群 Suspension rail pipe line vacuum permanent magnet bisuction balance compensating suspension rail-train system

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US5672548A (en) * 1994-07-11 1997-09-30 International Business Machines Corporation Method for attaching heat sinks directly to chip carrier modules using flexible-epoxy
US5867227A (en) * 1995-02-28 1999-02-02 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Television receiver
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CN1111123C (en) * 2000-04-04 2003-06-11 李岭群 Vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system
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CN2728828Y (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-09-28 李岭群 Suspension rail pipe line vacuum permanent magnet bisuction balance compensating suspension rail-train system

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