CN2725086Y - Hidden rail permanent magnet biattracting balancing compensation type suspension road vehicle system - Google Patents

Hidden rail permanent magnet biattracting balancing compensation type suspension road vehicle system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2725086Y
CN2725086Y CN 200420048915 CN200420048915U CN2725086Y CN 2725086 Y CN2725086 Y CN 2725086Y CN 200420048915 CN200420048915 CN 200420048915 CN 200420048915 U CN200420048915 U CN 200420048915U CN 2725086 Y CN2725086 Y CN 2725086Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rail
vehicle
suspension
permanent magnet
magnetic
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200420048915
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李岭群
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李岭群
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Priority to CN 200420048915 priority Critical patent/CN2725086Y/en
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Publication of CN2725086Y publication Critical patent/CN2725086Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model provides a hidden rail permanent magnet double-attracting balancing compensation type suspension road vehicle system. Hidden rails are arranged at underground double hole culvert channels, and each hole culvert channel is communicated with the opening of a rail gap on ground. Both sides of the inner portion of each hole culvert channel are respectively provided with a magnetic conductive wing rail whose middle portion is a guide rail, and the inner-upper sides of the culvert channels of the both sides of the rail gap are respectively provided with magnetic conductive plate rails. A magnetic suspension vehicle comprises suspension power rooms which are arranged under the ground and a carriage which is arranged on the ground, and the engine room and the carriage are connected to form an integral body by a plate belly beam. The two suspension power rooms are respectively inlaid in the double hole culvert channels, and top permanent magnets are arranged above the external portions of the power room bodies and are opposite to the planes of the magnetic conductive plate rails mutually. The both sides of the external portions of the power room bodies are provided with wing permanent magnets which are corresponding to the magnetic conductive wing rails, and the belly beam is connected with the bottom of the carriage on the ground from the power room bodies. The inner portions of the suspension power rooms are provided with a set of power mechanisms and two sets of guide fixing pulleys which are contacted with the guide rails of both sides of the culvert channels.

Description

Dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of use suspension permanent magnetic train conveyance system.Specifically, relate to a kind of track, vehicle dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle system on the ground underground.
Background technology
The city railroad traffic always is the sign of urban modernization, brings into play critical function in " public transport " transportation.In current technical field, subway, light rail, play an important role.They have many good qualities, but also deposit obvious deficiency: subway cost height (5-7 hundred million Renminbi/kilometers), the subway station inconvenience of coming in and going out; The light rail face of land is taken up an area of many, and about every kilometer 1.2 ten thousand sq m, face of land rubble is laid the base of the rail, and environment protecting is poor; Noise is big.The common drawback of these two wheel track technology is that vibrations are big, running velocity is low, energy consumption is high, and the technology integrated level is low, and construction method is extensive, construction speed is slow.
Existing magnetic suspension train technology mostly be the face of land overhead, at a high speed, intercity running technology.Specifically, there are three types: German TR series magnetic suspension train, what it adopted is that normal air guide crack sensing electromagnetism is inhaled suspension technology; Japan MLX series magnetic suspension train, what it adopted is the electronic magnetic levitation technology of superconduction; China's magnetic suspension train, what it adopted is vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system technology.This three types of technology speed is more than 450 kilometers/hour, is unfavorable for that stop spacing is public transport transportation in 500~1000 meters the urban district.These technology are referring to " magnetic levitation railway system and technology " (Chinese science and technology press 2003.11); " vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system " (China Patent No.: ZL00105737.5)
The utility model content
It is a kind of cheap that the purpose of this utility model is to provide, and has good urban district public transport transportation function, and big transport capacity is arranged, the dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle transport systems of speed about 300 kilometers.
The suspension road-vehicle transport systems that the utility model proposes is made up of dark rail and maglev vehicle two large divisions.
Wherein dark rail is to be located at the underground diplopore duct of being made by the mixed earth of reinforcing bar, and every hole duct has a rail gap opening to communicate with ground;
Both sides in each hole duct respectively are provided with a magnetic conduction wing rail, and the middle part of this magnetic conduction wing rail is a guided way;
Be positioned at rail gap opening both sides above in the duct and be mounted with the concentrating flux plate rail respectively;
Maglev vehicle is connected as one by tabular web grider between piggyback pod and the compartment by being located at underground suspension piggyback pod and being located at compartment on the ground and forming;
The suspension piggyback pod is two symmetrical cabin bodies, is embedded in respectively in the diplopore duct;
External body both sides, cabin are equipped with pterygoid permanent magnetic, and every flank permanent magnetism is two up and down, and there is a gap centre, and one of them is the N utmost point, and another is the S utmost point; This pterygoid permanent magnetic and magnetic conduction wing rail are at a distance of 5-35mm, and lift force is inhaled in corresponding formation balance up and down;
External side top, cabin is equipped with top permanent magnetism, and the concentrating flux plate rail of top is at a distance of 20-160mm, the lift force that corresponding formation is opposite with gravity direction in this top permanent magnetism and the duct;
The body inner bottom part is fixed with a web grider from the cabin, and this web grider is connected bottom compartment on the ground by the rail gap opening and becomes one;
Suspension piggyback pod inside is equipped with:
One group of actuating unit is made up of drive wheel-drive motor-vehicle power-inverse control system, is installed in the middle part in the suspension piggyback pod;
Two groups of guiding fixed pulleys are installed in the two ends in the suspension piggyback pod;
By the above-mentioned vehicle of forming in motion, be subjected to lift force and up and down the double action of balancing force be suspension, this guiding fixed pulley and drive wheel be same horizontal surface and all contact with the guided way of duct both sides, and vehicle is controlled in the middle of two magnetic conduction wing rails.
Described suspension piggyback pod is that alloy is made.
Described concentrating flux plate rail and magnetic conduction wing rail are made for the ferrimagnetism steel plate.
Described top permanent magnetism is to be fixed on the magnetic conduction substrate of external top, cabin.
The outer end, both sides of described magnetic conduction substrate is provided with piston shoes.
Described pterygoid permanent magnetic is to be fixed on the pterygoid magnetic base of the external side in cabin.
The compartment of described ground is main cabin or cargo hold.
The compartment of described ground is that alloy, glass or glass-felt plastic are made, and has streamline contour.
Described tabular web grider is made by alloy.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a ground of the present utility model whole structure scheme drawing.
Fig. 2 is the generalized section of dark rail part in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the generalized section of maglev vehicle part in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the generalized section of Fig. 1 along B-B.
Fig. 5 is the generalized section of Fig. 1 along A-A.
The specific embodiment
The content of the following stated is the detailed description of in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the utility model being done, and should not be understood that it is to qualification of the present utility model.
Please consult Fig. 1 earlier, the whole structure scheme drawing that to be the utility model can see from the ground; Train head 1 is cleanliness, between car door 2, vehicle window 3 and the car body covering 4 in smooth smooth the contact, smooth to guarantee laminar air stream, reduce resistance.
See also Fig. 2, the utility model is made diplopore duct 6 in underground by reinforced concrete skeleton frame 5.The center of top of this diplopore duct 6 respectively has the wide rail gap opening 7 of an about 30-120mm to communicate with ground.
Be positioned at the both sides of rail gap opening 7 in each hole duct, the top of duct is mounted with the concentrating flux plate rail 8 that the ferrimagnetism steel plate is made respectively, be fixed by bolts on the duct 6 top board built-in fittings.The both sides of each duct are mounted with the magnetic conduction wing rail 9 that the ferrimagnetism steel plate is made respectively, and this magnetic conduction wing rail 9 is fixed by bolts on the duct 6 sidewall built-in fittings, and it is guided way 10 that there is a groove at the middle part of this magnetic conduction wing rail 9.
See also Fig. 3, the utility model maglev vehicle is made up of the two large divisions.Be divided into aerial part and under ground portion: on the ground be visitor's (goods) compartment 11 of maglev vehicle, its profile is the same with common vehicle, suspension piggyback pod 12 of the present utility model is arranged on underground, and the tabular web grider 13 by an alloy system between ground visitor (goods) compartment 11 and the underground suspension piggyback pod 12 connects as one by rail gap opening 7.This tabular web grider 13 can extend 11 bottoms, ground compartment from suspension piggyback pod 12 inner bottom parts always, to improve train single-piece impregnability and stability.These suspension piggyback pod 12 inside are equipped with one group of actuating unit, in this actuating unit by drive wheel 19 and 20 coaxial linking to each other of drive motor, be fixed on the bulkhead 22 of web grider 13 and suspension piggyback pod 12 by wheel beam 21, and vehicle power and inverse control system composition, because vehicle power and inverse control system are present electric locomotive institute general-duty device, and not discussion emphasis of the present utility model, so do not mark in the accompanying drawing.Above-mentioned actuating unit is installed in the middle part of suspension piggyback pod 12, i.e. A-A position among Fig. 1, and this actuating unit is installed in the middle part of whole vehicle as can be seen.
See also Fig. 4, be the cutaway view of Fig. 1 along the B-B line, one group of guiding fixed pulley 24 is fixed on web grider 13 and the suspension power bulkhead 22 by wheel beam 21.The utility model respectively is equipped with one group of guiding fixed pulley at the two ends of suspension piggyback pod.This guiding fixed pulley 24 and drive wheel 19 is for same horizontal surface and all contact with the guided way 10 of duct both sides, controls the left and right sides degree of freedom of suspension piggyback pod 12, with locomotive control in two magnetic conduction wing rail central authorities.Its two ends of traditional electric locomotive all are equipped with drive wheel, and when the locomotive crank motion, this drive wheel plays power, guiding and the effect of support car body.But the cost of one group of drive wheel of every increase is very high, and has increased the own wt of car body again, and weight is heavy more, the corresponding again increase of the kinetic energy of consumption.The utility model has changed the power and the guiding mechanism of this conventional electric power locomotive, at the locomotive middle part actuating unit is installed, and two ends adopt fixed pulley as guiding mechanism.Can significantly reduce the weight of locomotive manufacturing cost and locomotive like this.
Exterior top at suspension piggyback pod 12 is mounted with magnetic conduction substrate 15, with bolt top permanent magnetism 14 is arranged on this substrate 15, and the two ends of this magnetic conduction substrate 15 are provided with piston shoes 16.Be fixed with pterygoid magnetic base 18 in suspension piggyback pod 12 both sides external, with bolt pterygoid permanent magnetic 17 arranged on this pterygoid magnetic base 18, every flank permanent magnetism 17 is two up and down, and there is a gap centre, and one of them is the N utmost point, and another is the S utmost point.
Top permanent magnetism 14 on the suspension piggyback pod 12 and the concentrating flux plate rail 8 in the duct remain with the air gap of 20-160mm between the two, the corresponding formation lift force opposite with gravity direction.The pterygoid permanent magnetic 17 of suspension piggyback pod 12 both sides is corresponding with the magnetic conduction wing rail 9 in the duct, remains with the air gap of 5-35mm between the two.When pterygoid permanent magnetic 17 is identical with magnetic conduction wing rail 9 both level heights, be train gravity with top permanent magnetism 14 and concentrating flux plate rail 8 between the lift force equal and opposite in direction and direction is opposite, the application force parallel not between pterygoid permanent magnetic 17 and the magnetic conduction wing rail 9 then with gravity direction, this highly is the equilibrium point height; When pterygoid permanent magnetic 17 height during greater than magnetic conduction wing rail 9 height, in the time of just on the equilibrium point height, the gravity that is train is less than the lift force between top permanent magnetism 14 and the concentrating flux plate rail 8, then pterygoid permanent magnetic 17 and magnetic conduction wing rail 9 application forces vertically downward, opposite with force direction between top permanent magnetism 14 and the concentrating flux plate rail 8; When pterygoid permanent magnetic 17 height during less than magnetic conduction wing rail 9 height, in the time of just under the equilibrium point height, the gravity that is train is greater than the lift force between top permanent magnetism 14 and the concentrating flux plate rail 8, then pterygoid permanent magnetic 17 and magnetic conduction wing rail 9 application forces vertically upward, identical with force direction between top permanent magnetism 14 and the concentrating flux plate rail 8.In brief, top permanent magnetism 14 is inhaled suspension mechanism with the concentrating flux plate rail 8 corresponding formation of its top, and train is formed suction lift force upwards; Lift force is inhaled in pterygoid permanent magnetic 17 and the 9 corresponding formation of magnetic conduction wing rail balance up and down, two power collaborative works, thereby formed " suspension of double suction balance compensating ", with Train Control on predetermined altitude.If lift force lost efficacy, owing to have piston shoes 16, vehicle still can rely on piston shoes 16 to slide on magnetic conduction wing rail 9 tops, to guarantee safety.
Magnetic suspension piggyback pod 12 returning apparatus have vehicle power 25 and inverse control system 26.
Seeing also Fig. 5, be the section-drawing of Fig. 1 along the A-A line, also is whole structure scheme drawing of the present utility model.Can more clearly understand the technical solution of the utility model in this width of cloth scheme drawing.
The visitor of the utility model aerial part (goods) cabin 11 is the cabin bodies that hold passenger or goods, is streamline contour according to the structural dynamics principle design, and material can be that alloy, glass and glass-felt plastic etc. are made.
Maglev vehicle of the present utility model in motion, this vehicle be subjected to inhaling lift force and up and down the double action of the lift force of balance be suspension, drive motor 20 drives drive wheels 19 powered vehicle action, the guiding of vehicle is by fixed pulley 24 controls.
Magnetic suspension road-vehicle of the present utility model transportation system compares with city underground and has the following advantages:
1. safety. The wheel track concentrfated load of subway is stressed, the material fatiguability, and fail-safe hidden danger is big, The hidden danger that also has derailing to overturn in addition; The utility model road-vehicle system is stressed by magnetic field to be evenly load, The material indefatigability, fail-safe hidden danger is little, and the utility model adopts integrated mosaic texture in addition, Derailing, overturning have fundamentally been stopped.
2. energy consumption is low. The utility model disengages road-vehicle by magnetic field force in vertical direction, rubs The wiping resistance is little, and windage is little, with 300 kilometers/hour during with interior operation than wheel track technical energy saving 30% with On.
3. speed height, noise is little. Subway speed is about 50-100 kilometer/hour, and is of the present utility model Speed per hour is at 300 kilometers/hour, and noise can be lower than 50%.
4. comprehensive cost is low. Hundred million yuans of every kilometer cost 5-7 of subway. The utility model is about 0.4 Hundred million RMB.
In addition, the most outstanding is environment protecting: light rail is the rubble roadbed paving, and vehicle is on bright rail Exercise. And ground surface of the present utility model can be planted all kinds of lawns 23, to safeguard the greening in city, sees Get on car " grass flies ".

Claims (10)

1. dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle system, it is characterized in that, be made up of dark rail and maglev vehicle two parts, wherein dark rail is to be located at the underground diplopore duct of being made by ferro-concrete, and every hole duct has a rail gap opening to communicate with ground;
Both sides in each hole duct respectively are provided with a magnetic conduction wing rail, and the middle part of this magnetic conduction wing rail is a guided way;
Be positioned at rail gap opening both sides above in the duct and be mounted with the concentrating flux plate rail respectively;
Maglev vehicle is made up of the compartment of being located at underground suspension piggyback pod and be located on the ground, and being connected by the rail gap opening by tabular web grider between bottom magnetic suspension piggyback pod and the compartment becomes one;
The suspension piggyback pod is two symmetrical cabin bodies, is embedded in respectively in the diplopore duct;
External body both sides, cabin are equipped with pterygoid permanent magnetic, and every flank permanent magnetism is two up and down, and there is a gap centre, and one of them is the N utmost point, and another is the S utmost point; This pterygoid permanent magnetic and magnetic conduction wing rail are at a distance of 5-35mm, and lift force is inhaled in corresponding formation balance up and down;
External side top, cabin is equipped with top permanent magnetism, and the concentrating flux plate rail of top is at a distance of 20-160mm, the lift force that corresponding formation is opposite with gravity direction in this top permanent magnetism and the duct;
Suspension piggyback pod inside is equipped with:
One group of actuating unit is made up of drive wheel-drive motor-vehicle power-inverse control system, is installed in the middle part in the suspension piggyback pod;
Two groups of guiding fixed pulleys are installed in the two ends in the suspension piggyback pod, and this guiding fixed pulley is that same horizontal surface also all contacts with the guided way of duct both sides with drive wheel, and vehicle is controlled in the middle of two magnetic conduction wing rails.
2. dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described suspension piggyback pod is that alloy is made.
3. dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described concentrating flux plate rail and magnetic conduction wing rail are that the ferrimagnetism steel plate is made.
4. dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described top permanent magnetism is to be fixed on the magnetic conduction substrate of external top, cabin.
5. dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 4 system is characterized in that the outer end, both sides of described magnetic conduction substrate is provided with piston shoes.
6. dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described pterygoid permanent magnetic is to be fixed on the pterygoid magnetic base of the external side in cabin.
7. dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that the compartment of described ground is main cabin or cargo hold.
8. as claim 1 or 7 described dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle systems, it is characterized in that the compartment of described ground is that alloy, glass or glass-felt plastic are made, and has streamline contour.
9. dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described tabular web grider is extended the bottom in compartment, ground by the piggyback pod inner bottom part.
10. as claim 1 or 9 described dark rail permanent magnet double suction balance compensating suspension road-vehicle systems, it is characterized in that described tabular web grider is made by alloy.
CN 200420048915 2004-04-13 2004-04-13 Hidden rail permanent magnet biattracting balancing compensation type suspension road vehicle system Expired - Fee Related CN2725086Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420048915 CN2725086Y (en) 2004-04-13 2004-04-13 Hidden rail permanent magnet biattracting balancing compensation type suspension road vehicle system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420048915 CN2725086Y (en) 2004-04-13 2004-04-13 Hidden rail permanent magnet biattracting balancing compensation type suspension road vehicle system

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CN2725086Y true CN2725086Y (en) 2005-09-14

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1302944C (en) * 2004-04-09 2007-03-07 李岭群 Suspended road-vehicle system with hided rails and permanent magnet double attracted balancing compensation
CN103187821A (en) * 2011-12-30 2013-07-03 上海磁浮交通发展有限公司 Wheel-side electric machine of driving wheel for track maintenance vehicle and assembly technology and thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1302944C (en) * 2004-04-09 2007-03-07 李岭群 Suspended road-vehicle system with hided rails and permanent magnet double attracted balancing compensation
CN103187821A (en) * 2011-12-30 2013-07-03 上海磁浮交通发展有限公司 Wheel-side electric machine of driving wheel for track maintenance vehicle and assembly technology and thereof
CN103187821B (en) * 2011-12-30 2016-08-17 同济大学 Driving wheel wheel motor and assembly technology for track maintenance vehicle

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee