CN1958953B - Structural technical system of convex orbital magnetic suspension road and vehicle - Google Patents

Structural technical system of convex orbital magnetic suspension road and vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1958953B
CN1958953B CN2005101171785A CN200510117178A CN1958953B CN 1958953 B CN1958953 B CN 1958953B CN 2005101171785 A CN2005101171785 A CN 2005101171785A CN 200510117178 A CN200510117178 A CN 200510117178A CN 1958953 B CN1958953 B CN 1958953B
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China
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suspension
rail
protruding rail
magnetic
train
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2005101171785A
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CN1958953A (en
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李岭群
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李岭群
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a projected rail magnetic suspension railroad-train structure. It is characterized by that the projected rail is inlaid in the suspension power chamber positioned in the lower portion of train, the side permanent magnet of said chamber is correspondent to balance suspension rail so as to produce upward or downward balance attraction force for train, I, e, not only can provide suspension force for train, but also can control train and can present the train from leaving the rail from upper portion. The wing permanent magnet of said chamber bottom portion is correspondent to the permanent magnetic rail; their homopolar repellence can provide upward repellent suspension force for train. Its directive wheel is contacted with linear stator; they can make the train be controlled in the centre between two permanent magnetic rails.

Description

Structural technical system of convex orbital magnetic suspension road and vehicle
Technical field
The invention belongs to the magnetic suspension train technical field.Specifically belong to permanent magnet suspension road-vehicle technical field.
Background technology
Germany TR magnetic suspension train is the representative of " air gap sensing electromagnetic suspension train ".Japan MLX magnetic suspension train is the representative of " the electronic magnetic suspension train of superconduction ".China's hanger rail magnetic levitation vehicle is the representative of " permanent magnetic levitation train " with dark rail magnetic levitation train.
The shortcoming of Germany's TR type and Japanese MLX type magnetic suspension train is: the cost height, more than every kilometer 2.8 hundred million RMB; Effectively suspending power is low, 0.8 ton of every linear meter(lin.m.); Only be fit to passenger traffic; The energy consumption height.
Noise is concentrated ground during China rail permanent magnet aerotrain high-speed cruising, is unfavorable for environmental protection, and the dimension inspection of circuit is also inconvenient.Dark rail magnetic levitation train running speed is low, and the dimension inspection is also inconvenient.
Above technology is referring to " magnetic levitation railway system and technology " (China Science Tech Publishing House 2003.11), " vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system " (China Patent No.: ZL00105737.5), " the compensation suspension road-vehicle of dark rail permanent magnet system " (number of patent application: 200410002291.4).
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of protruding rail magnetic suspension road-bassinet structure.
For achieving the above object, protruding rail magnetic suspension road-bassinet structure provided by the invention, mainly by protruding rail and vehicle two parts, wherein:
Protruding rail is fixed on the overhead pier, protruding rail two lateral surfaces respectively are fixed with a guided way that equidistantly is arranged in by ferromagnetism stator bar, guided way respectively be fixed with a ferromagnetism balance suspension rail up and down in parallel to each other, two outsides of protruding rail base respectively are provided with a permanent magnetism rail;
Vehicle sections is made up of suspension piggyback pod, compartment, wherein:
The suspension piggyback pod is ㄇ shape, its groove part is set in the protruding rail top, air gap between suspension piggyback pod bottom surface and the protruding rail is 30-200mm: two medial surfaces of suspension piggyback pod body, with corresponding two the side permanent magnetism up and down that are fixed with of two ferromagnetism balance suspension rails on the guided way, the working gas gap between this ferromagnetism balance suspension rail and the side permanent magnetism is 3-40mm; One is made as the S utmost point in the described side permanent magnetism, and another is made as the N utmost point, when the height of side permanent magnetism and balance suspension rail is identical, is 0 at the suction of vertical direction, when the former height is lower than the latter, produces suspending power upwards; When being higher than the latter, the former height produces downward pulling force; Between two side permanent magnetism, be provided with magnetic motor rotor wheel and directive wheel, rotor wheel and directive wheel are in level vertically alternately, its directive wheel is controlled at guided way central authorities on the protruding rail with vehicle, and rotor wheel and guided way keep the air gap of 3-50mm, produce pulling force or brake force each other; Two outsides, bottom of suspension piggyback pod respectively are provided with a pterygoid permanent magnetic, and this two pterygoid permanent magnetic is corresponding with the permanent magnetism rail difference homopolarity in protruding rail base two outsides, and its working gas gap is 3-60mm, produces each other and scolds suspending power;
The chassis, compartment is connected on the suspension piggyback pod by rotating shaft, connects two suspension piggyback pods at least below every joint compartment; Be provided with annular permanent magnet on below the chassis, compartment, be provided with annular permanent magnet above the suspension piggyback pod, described annular permanent magnet is coaxial and relative with magnetic pole up and down, the compartment is suspended on the suspension piggyback pod makes the bogie of rotation arbitrarily with rotating shaft.
Described protruding rail magnetic suspension road. bassinet structure is provided with temperature joint between the protruding rail.
Described protruding rail magnetic suspension road. bassinet structure, the chassis, compartment is fixed with Upper shaft sleeve, and the moving top, cabin that suspends is fixed with Lower shaft sleeve, and rotating shaft is installed in the Lower shaft sleeve.
Described protruding rail magnetic suspension road one bassinet structure, magnetic motor rotor wheel links to each other with motor by change-speed gearing.
Described protruding rail magnetic suspension road-bassinet structure, permanent magnetism are the neodymium iron boron material.
There is the layer of aluminum alloy on described ferromagnetism stator bar surface.
Advantage of the present invention be to magnetic suspension road dimension procuratorial organ just, dimension inspection efficient height, cost is low, the train operation surface noise is little, be beneficial to environmental protection.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a side schematic view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an A-A part enlarged diagram among Fig. 2.
The specific embodiment
The following stated content is the detailed description of in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the present invention being done, and should not be understood that it is limitation of the invention.
See also Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the present invention partly is made up of protruding rail and vehicle two, wherein:
Permanent magnetic levitation train 1 crouches on protruding rail 2, and protruding rail 2 is fixed on the overhead pier 3, is provided with Temperature Joint between two adjacent protruding rails.Magnetic suspending train piggyback pod of the present invention is comprising protruding rail, and train moves on protruding rail.2 liang of lateral surfaces of protruding rail respectively are fixed with a guided way 10, and this guided way 10 is equidistantly to be arranged by ferromagnetism stator bar to form, and one deck hard aluminium alloy is arranged as the guiding rail level on the surface of ferromagnetism stator bar.Guided way 10 respectively is fixed with a ferromagnetism balance suspension rail 12 up and down in parallel to each other, and two outsides of protruding rail 2 bases respectively are provided with a permanent magnetism rail 15.
Suspension piggyback pod 4 is ㄇ shape, and its groove part is set in protruding rail 2 tops, the air gap 30-200mm between suspension piggyback pod 4 and protruding rail 2 bottom surfaces.
Seeing also Fig. 3, is the enlarged diagram of A-A part among Fig. 2.The centre of chassis, compartment 1b is provided with Upper shaft sleeve 6, and the central authorities of suspension piggyback pod 4 are provided with Lower shaft sleeve 7, by turning cylinder 5 both is coupled together.Below the 1b of chassis, compartment, be provided with annular permanent magnet 8; Be provided with annular permanent magnet 9 down on suspension piggyback pod 4, homopolarity hangs the compartment relatively between the two, forms the magnetic suspension bogie, and its best air gap is 10-150mm.Two medial surfaces of suspension piggyback pod 4, with two ferromagnetism balance suspension rails, 12 corresponding two side permanent magnetism 13 up and down that are fixed with of guided way 10, these two side permanent magnetism are arranged to one and are the S utmost point, and another is the N utmost point.Best air gap between the side permanent magnetism 13 of ferromagnetism balance suspension rail 12 and suspension piggyback pod 4 is 3-40mm.When both height of side permanent magnetism 13 and balance suspension rail 12 are identical, be 0 at the suction of vertical direction, when the former height is lower than the latter, produce suspending power upwards.When being higher than the latter, the former height produces downward pulling force.Train is constantly to change at the elevation of running middle orbit, and therefore can not only to keep the train suspended state to be difficult for destroyed for this balance suspension technology, can also guarantee that train does not de-orbit.
Between 4 two side permanent magnetism 13 of suspension piggyback pod, be provided with magnetic motor rotor wheel 11 and directive wheel 11a, rotor wheel 11 and directive wheel 11a are in level vertically alternately, and corresponding with the guided way 10 of protruding rail 2 both sides setting, by this directive wheel 11a vehicle is controlled at guided way 10 central authorities.The power source of rotor wheel 11 is that motor 16 carries out the transmission of power by change-speed gearing 17.Motor 16 drives when rotating, and produces pulling force between rotor wheel 11 and the guided way 10, drives or the braking train.Best air gap between rotor wheel 11 and the guided way 10 is 3-50mm.
The both sides of suspension piggyback pod 4 bottoms respectively are provided with pterygoid permanent magnetic 14, permanent magnetism rail 15 be arranged on protruding rail at the bottom of on corresponding with it, and both homopolarities provide suspending power upwards to train relatively, and its best air gap is 3-60mm.
The permanent magnetism that the present invention adopts can but be not limited to neodymium iron boron.
By protruding rail magnetic suspension road-bassinet structure provided by the invention, protruding rail is embedded in the suspension piggyback pod of train bottom, the side permanent magnetism in this cabin is corresponding with balance suspension rail just both to provide suspension to train to train generation balance suction up or down, can retrain train again and not derail from the top.The pterygoid permanent magnetic of this bilge portion is corresponding with the permanent magnetism rail, and both homopolar-repulsions provide the suspending power of scolding that makes progress for train.Directive wheel contacts with the directive wheel that linear stator is formed Train Control is entreated among two permanent magnetism rails.The rotor wheel of magnetic motivation and directive wheel prolong the vertical alternate setting of train, produce pulling force when the former rotates under the drive of motor and between the guided way, drive or the braking train.When train jolted, permanent magnetic suspension bogie played the secondary buffer effect, guaranteed the comfortable operation of train.
The present invention is applied to have the following advantages on the magnetic suspension train:
1, circuit dimension procuratorial organ just ties up inspection efficient height, and cost is low.
2, upwards emission of noise, face sound is little over the ground, is beneficial to environmental protection.
3, overhead track is saved and is taken up an area.
4, can not make the track distortion because of freeze thawing.

Claims (6)

1. a protruding rail magnetic suspension road-bassinet structure mainly contains protruding rail and vehicle two partly, wherein:
Protruding rail is fixed on the overhead pier, protruding rail two lateral surfaces respectively are fixed with a guided way that equidistantly is arranged in by ferromagnetism stator bar, guided way respectively be fixed with a ferromagnetism balance suspension rail up and down in parallel to each other, two outsides of protruding rail base respectively are provided with a permanent magnetism rail;
Vehicle sections is made up of suspension piggyback pod, compartment, wherein:
The suspension piggyback pod is a shape, and its groove part is set in the protruding rail top, and the air gap between suspension piggyback pod bottom surface and the protruding rail is 30-200mm; Two medial surfaces of suspension piggyback pod body, with corresponding two the side permanent magnetism up and down that are fixed with of two ferromagnetism balance suspension rails on the guided way, the working gas gap between this ferromagnetism balance suspension rail and the side permanent magnetism is 3-40mm; One is made as the S utmost point in the described side permanent magnetism, and another is made as the N utmost point, when the height of side permanent magnetism and balance suspension rail is identical, is 0 at the suction of vertical direction, when the former height is lower than the latter, produces suspending power upwards; When being higher than the latter, the former height produces downward pulling force; Between two side permanent magnetism, be provided with magnetic motor rotor wheel and directive wheel, rotor wheel and directive wheel are in level vertically alternately, its directive wheel is controlled at guided way central authorities on the protruding rail with vehicle, and keeps the air gap of 3-50mm with guided way, produces pulling force or brake force each other; Two outsides, bottom of suspension piggyback pod respectively are provided with a pterygoid permanent magnetic, and this two pterygoid permanent magnetic is corresponding with the permanent magnetism rail difference homopolarity in protruding rail base two outsides, and its working gas gap is 3-60mm, produces each other and scolds suspending power;
The chassis, compartment is connected on the suspension piggyback pod by rotating shaft, connects two suspension piggyback pods at least below every joint compartment; Be provided with annular permanent magnet on below the chassis, compartment of each suspension piggyback pod correspondence, be provided with annular permanent magnet above the suspension piggyback pod, described annular permanent magnet is coaxial and relative with magnetic pole up and down, the compartment is suspended on the suspension piggyback pod makes the bogie of rotation arbitrarily with rotating shaft.
2. protruding rail magnetic suspension road-bassinet structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with temperature joint between the described protruding rail.
3. protruding rail magnetic suspension road-bassinet structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, chassis, described compartment is fixed with Upper shaft sleeve, and the moving top, cabin that suspends is fixed with Lower shaft sleeve, and rotating shaft is installed in the Lower shaft sleeve.
4. protruding rail magnetic suspension road-bassinet structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described magnetic motor rotor wheel links to each other with motor by change-speed gearing.
5. protruding rail magnetic suspension road-bassinet structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described permanent magnetism is the neodymium iron boron material.
6. protruding rail magnetic suspension road-bassinet structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, there is the layer of aluminum alloy on described ferromagnetism stator bar surface.
CN2005101171785A 2005-11-01 2005-11-01 Structural technical system of convex orbital magnetic suspension road and vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN1958953B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2005101171785A CN1958953B (en) 2005-11-01 2005-11-01 Structural technical system of convex orbital magnetic suspension road and vehicle

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2005101171785A CN1958953B (en) 2005-11-01 2005-11-01 Structural technical system of convex orbital magnetic suspension road and vehicle

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CN1958953B true CN1958953B (en) 2010-12-08

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105691408A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-06-22 西南交通大学 Magnetic field extra-high structure of high-temperature superconductivity magnetic suspension permanent magnet railway

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105799539A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-07-27 苏伟 Permanent magnetic suspension high-speed rail
CN109532508A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-03-29 彭国洪 A kind of U-shaped magnetic suspension mode of train

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1339370A (en) * 2001-09-28 2002-03-13 刘尚举 Permanent magnet induction suspending and guide device
CN1478688A (en) * 2003-07-03 2004-03-03 云南变压器电气股份有限公司 Expulsive force type self guideing magnetic suspension train body, rail and high speed train
CN1490207A (en) * 2003-09-06 2004-04-21 李岭群 Magnetic engine

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1339370A (en) * 2001-09-28 2002-03-13 刘尚举 Permanent magnet induction suspending and guide device
CN1478688A (en) * 2003-07-03 2004-03-03 云南变压器电气股份有限公司 Expulsive force type self guideing magnetic suspension train body, rail and high speed train
CN1490207A (en) * 2003-09-06 2004-04-21 李岭群 Magnetic engine

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
JP特开2003-87909A 2003.03.20

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105691408A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-06-22 西南交通大学 Magnetic field extra-high structure of high-temperature superconductivity magnetic suspension permanent magnet railway
CN105691408B (en) * 2016-03-24 2018-12-25 西南交通大学 High-temperature superconducting magnetic levitation tracks of permanent magnetism magnetic field super-high structure

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