CN2300238Y - Shovel type precision seeding fertilizer spreader - Google Patents

Shovel type precision seeding fertilizer spreader Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2300238Y
CN2300238Y CN 97217538 CN97217538U CN2300238Y CN 2300238 Y CN2300238 Y CN 2300238Y CN 97217538 CN97217538 CN 97217538 CN 97217538 U CN97217538 U CN 97217538U CN 2300238 Y CN2300238 Y CN 2300238Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shovel
seeding unit
wheel
fertilizer
seeding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 97217538
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李成华
马成林
克劳默
戚长友
梁东杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jilin University of Technology
Original Assignee
Jilin University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jilin University of Technology filed Critical Jilin University of Technology
Priority to CN 97217538 priority Critical patent/CN2300238Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2300238Y publication Critical patent/CN2300238Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a shovel type precision seeding and fertilizing machine, which belongs to the agricultural machinery. The utility model is characterized in that the fertilizing function and the seeding function are combined into a whole, the utility model is composed of more than two fertilizer discharging units and more than two seed discharging units, a fertilizer box is arranged on a draw beam, fertilizer discharging devices are arranged on the lower side of the fertilizer box, the fertilizer discharging devices are driven by a driving square shaft, the lower side of each fertilizer discharging device is provided with a fertilizer conveying pipe and a fertilizing shovel wheel, seed discharging devices are arranged on one side of a fertilizing shovel a hole building shovel wheel and a rear wheel are also arranged on the utility model, two land wheels are arranged on the draw beam, and a chain wheel and chain driving mechanism is arranged between the land wheels and the driving square shaft. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure and reliable operation, the utility model is suitable for building holes in different fields, the utility model is suitable for seeding different crops, etc.

Description

Shovel precise sowing fertilizer distributor
The utility model relates to the shovel precise sowing fertilizer distributor in the agricultural machinery.
Seeding operation and buried fertilizer simultaneously are the key links during agricultural planting is already produced.Improvement along with agricultural planting industry production technology has proposed new requirement to seeding technique.These requirements be included in ground cover sowing under the condition of (plastic film, also field stalk, agricultural organic waste etc.), no-tillage or the soil upper seeding wheel minimal tilled, with less soil disturbance sowing in order to soil moisture conservation.Traditional water furrow planting operating type can not satisfy the special seeding operation requirement under the top condition.Therefore people have developed the work tool of beating the bunch planting kind on soil in recent years.
The existing sowing parts of making the cave sower are with the unlatching that is evenly distributed on a duckbilled valve on the scroll wheel seed to be dropped into soil.Existing both at home and abroad duck-beak type indenting tool problem below the ubiquity in operation: 1, when soil moisture is big, the stifled soil of duckbilled is serious, influences seeding quality.2, it is complicated that duckbilled is opened transmission mechanism.3, when planting after plastic covered, at a high speed sowing causes on the film hole excessive and influence earthing.
For overcoming the above-mentioned shortcoming of duck-beak type indenting tool: Ke Laomo professor in Germany was developed into a kind of shovel hill-drop planter in 1992.The cavitation mechanism of this kind hill-drop planter is made of the cave shovel of beating that evenly is installed in disk perimeter, when disk drives under level and vertical bidirectional tilt condition and makes cave shovel and roll on the ground, make the cave shovel and beat the cave with spatially spiral trochoid motion track on soil, the cave shovel of beating by hollow drops into soil with seed simultaneously.It has removed the valve opener of traditional duckbilled indenting tool, and stifled native phenomenon does not take place when guaranteeing to beat the cave when making the cavitation mechanism simplifying.But this kind hill-drop planter remains in following deficiency: 1, broadcast apart from just just having level to regulate when changing the number of making the cave shovel.2, the design of beating cave shovel and shovel wheel construction parameter still is theoretically unsound.3, do not dispose the side deep fertilizing device.
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the shortcoming that existing sower exists, a kind of precision seed metering device that is suitable for (crops straw, agricultural wastes and plastic film) bunch planting under the coverage condition of ground is provided, is equipped with the shovel precise sowing fertilizer distributor of the fertile device integration of operation of deep placement simultaneously.
Realize that the purpose of this utility model scheme accompanying drawings is as follows:
This machine is made up of side deep fertilizing device and shovel grain precision grouping mechanism two parts, they are made of fertilising monomer and planter more than 2 respectively, fertilizer apparatus (3) is fixed on the fertile case (2), and by transmission square shaft (4) driving that is installed on the fertile case (2), fertile case (2) is fixed on the draw beam (12) by support, fertilizer delivering pipe (11) is fixedly connected with fertilizer apparatus (3) and fertilising shovel (14), fertilising shovel (14) is fixedly connected with the fixing card of seeding unit (13), the fixing card of seeding unit (13) is fixed on the draw beam (12), seeding unit (16) is hinged on the fixing card of seeding unit (13) by frame (17), seeding unit is beaten cave shovel wheel (15) and is contained on the seeding unit axle (22), seeding unit tail wheel (18) is fixed on the frame (17), and land wheel (9) is installed on the draw beam (12) by ground wheeling supporting frame (8) and the fixing card of land wheel (10).
The utility model is compared with existing hill-drop planter and is had the following advantages:
1, bunch planting on ground and the uncultivated land can covered;
2, beat the simple reliable operation of cave shovel wheel construction;
3, inclination spoon disc type seeding unit injuring-free seed, reliable operation;
4, in sowing, can be in seed side 5cm, the fertilising of dark 3cm place;
5, it is supporting with different traction powers to form 2,4,6,8 row sowing units;
6, change branch kind of spoon dish and can be adapted to different crop sowings;
7, change to divide kind of spoon dish and regulate the installation site of beating cave shovel wheel and can have a level change to broadcast distance.
Concrete structure of the present utility model is provided by following embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation according to the shovel precise sowing fertilizer distributor that the utility model proposes.
Fig. 2 is the seeding unit structural representation among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the end view of Fig. 2.
Below in conjunction with details and the course of work of accompanying drawing detailed description according to the concrete structure that the utility model proposes.
Draw beam (12) is the parts that are used to install fertilising monomer and planter, has enough strength and stiffness for guaranteeing it, can adopt rectangle shaped steel.The fertile case (2) that is used for splendid attire fertilizer, be fixed on the top of draw beam (12) by support, fertile case (2) following and fertilizer apparatus (3) is housed, fertilizer apparatus adopts 4 also can adopt 2,6,8 or more, the number of fertilizer apparatus (3) can be decided as required, but should be corresponding consistent with seeding unit (16).Fertilizer delivering pipe (11) and fertilising shovel (14) are housed below the fertilizer apparatus (3), are fixedly connected between them, and fertilising shovel (14) is fixedly connected with the fixing card of seeding unit (13) that is fixed on the draw beam (12).Fertilizer apparatus (3) is driven by transmission square shaft (4), and this axle is horizontal on fertile case (2) by supporting seat (1).One drive sprocket (5) is housed on it,, drives its rotation by land wheel (9) operation by driving-chain (6).About land wheel (9) adopts two, be contained on the draw beam (12) by bracing frame (8), the fixing card of land wheel (10).Seeding unit (16) is contained in the side of fertilising shovel (14), is installed on the fixing card of seeding unit (13) by frame (17).For easy for installation, the seeding unit flare of both sides, two inboard seeding unit introversions, seeding unit is beaten cave shovel wheel (15) and is contained on the seeding unit axle (22), and seeding unit tail wheel (18) is installed on the frame (17).Also be fixed with hanger bracket (7) on the draw beam (12), wherein go up one of hanger bracket, two of following hanger brackets are used for connecting with the tractor hanging beam.
Seeding unit in this machine is the spoon disc type seeding unit that tilts, it is made up of body (19), branch kind of spoon dish (21), a seed wheel (23) and kind case (24), divide kind of spoon dish (21) and secondary seeding wheel (23) to be contained on the seeding unit axle (22) on the body (19), and separate by dividing plate (20).
On transmission square shaft (4) in this machine and the land axle drive sprocket (5) is housed respectively, drive sprocket is equipped with driving chain on (5).
The shovel precise sowing fertilizer distributor course of work:
1, sower links by hitch point frame (7) and tractor trifilar suspension frame.In the sowing position, the hydraulic lift hitch control valve is in the floating position, and under the effect of tractor drawbar pull, seeding and fertilizer spreading machine is by land wheel (9), and sead feeder is beaten cave shovel wheel (15) and seeding unit tail wheel (18) rolling is on the ground advanced.
2, land wheel (9) is transferred to sprocket wheel (5) by the sprocket wheel drive driving-chain of fixing on it (6) with rotating torque in rolling process, and drives transmission square shaft (4) rotation.Transmission square shaft (4) drives fertilizer apparatus (3) fertilizer, and the fertilizer of discharge drops into fertilising by fertilizer delivering pipe (11) and fertilising shovel (14) and shovels in the ditch of (14) leaving on the ground under self-gravity action.
3, in the process that machine advances, the rolling that seeding unit is beaten cave shovel wheel (15) drives seeding unit (16) rotation seeding.The seed that seeding unit is discharged cave shovel of beating by hollow under self-gravity action drops in dozen cave that the cave shovel is got on the ground.Seeding unit tail wheel (18) carries out earthing and suppression to the seed that drops in the cave when beating the cave side roll that cave shovel gets, finish the sowing process.
This machine is if carry out corn 4 row bunch planting fertilising operations under 60 horsepowers of tractor-drawns, the soil of broadcasting for ploughing the sand loam of back leveling, water content 18~20% (wet basis), operating speed 5.4km/h, seed level 4.5cm, theoretical grain is apart from 13.6cm, sowing qualification rate 90.2%, replay rate 2.32%, leakage sowing rate 7.49%, sowing position accuracy rate 85.2%.
Carry out corn 4 row bunch planting fertilising operations if adopt 60 horsepowers of tractor-drawns, the earth of broadcasting is that no-tillage wheat is recommended sand soil, water content 15~18% (wet basis), operating speed 5.4km/h, seed level 5cm, theoretical grain is apart from 13.6cm, sowing qualification rate 88.4%, replay rate 1.27%, leakage sowing rate 10.33%, sowing position accuracy rate 80.4.

Claims (3)

1, shovel precise sowing fertilizer distributor, it is characterized in that it is made up of side deep fertilizing device and shovel grain precision grouping mechanism two parts, they are made of fertilising monomer and planter more than 2 respectively, fertilizer apparatus (3) is fixed on the fertile case (2), and by transmission square shaft (4) driving that is installed on the fertile case (2), fertile case (2) is fixed on the draw beam (12) by support, fertilizer delivering pipe (11) is fixedly connected with fertilizer apparatus (3) and fertilising shovel (14), fertilising shovel (14) is fixed on the draw beam (12) with the fixing card of seeding unit (13), seeding unit (16) is hinged on the fixing card of seeding unit (13) by frame (17), seeding unit is beaten cave shovel wheel (15) and is contained on the seeding unit axle (22), seeding unit tail wheel (18) is fixed on the frame (17), and land wheel (9) is installed on the draw beam (12) by ground wheeling supporting frame (8) and the fixing card of land wheel (10).
2, shovel precise sowing fertilizer distributor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that said seeding unit (16) is the spoon disc type seeding unit that tilts, it is made up of body (19), branch kind of spoon dish (21), secondary seed wheel (23) and kind case (24), divide kind of spoon dish (21) and secondary seeding wheel (23) to be contained on the seeding unit axle (22) on the body (19), and separate by dividing plate (20).
3, shovel precise sowing fertilizer distributor according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that drive sprocket (5) is housed respectively on transmission square shaft (4) and the land axle, and drive sprocket is equipped with driving chain on (5).
CN 97217538 1997-05-11 1997-05-11 Shovel type precision seeding fertilizer spreader Expired - Fee Related CN2300238Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 97217538 CN2300238Y (en) 1997-05-11 1997-05-11 Shovel type precision seeding fertilizer spreader

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 97217538 CN2300238Y (en) 1997-05-11 1997-05-11 Shovel type precision seeding fertilizer spreader

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2300238Y true CN2300238Y (en) 1998-12-16

Family

ID=33934071

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 97217538 Expired - Fee Related CN2300238Y (en) 1997-05-11 1997-05-11 Shovel type precision seeding fertilizer spreader

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2300238Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106961881A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-21 济南多舜信息科技有限公司 A kind of seeder
CN106961889A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-21 济南多舜信息科技有限公司 A kind of seeding apparatus
CN110754189A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-02-07 安徽嘉景农业综合开发有限公司 Sapling is cultivated and uses fertilization equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106961881A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-21 济南多舜信息科技有限公司 A kind of seeder
CN106961889A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-21 济南多舜信息科技有限公司 A kind of seeding apparatus
CN110754189A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-02-07 安徽嘉景农业综合开发有限公司 Sapling is cultivated and uses fertilization equipment

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GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee