CN217987949U - Old person's internal medicine nursing shank tempers device - Google Patents

Old person's internal medicine nursing shank tempers device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217987949U
CN217987949U CN202220656580.XU CN202220656580U CN217987949U CN 217987949 U CN217987949 U CN 217987949U CN 202220656580 U CN202220656580 U CN 202220656580U CN 217987949 U CN217987949 U CN 217987949U
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traction
assembly
pulley
unit
exercise device
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鲍敏
周兰
陈景媛
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an old person's internal medicine nursing shank exercise device, at least including frame main part (1) that is used for installing training actuating mechanism, training actuating mechanism's motion space can be injectd in frame main part (1), training actuating mechanism is at least including reverse subassembly (2) of pulling that can offset user's self gravity and spacing subassembly (3) that can restrict the motion space of reverse subassembly (2) of pulling, wherein, reverse subassembly (2) of pulling is including adjusting part (21), pull subassembly (22) and pull support (23), pull support (23) and can inject patient's the space of standing to install adjusting part (21) that can adjust the operating position who pulls subassembly (22) on the axial terminal surface of pulling support (23). The utility model discloses the degree of freedom when the user carries out the shank and takes exercise can be improved to the user can be according to training progress adjusting device's auxiliary force size.

Description

Old person's internal medicine nursing shank tempers device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a medical care apparatus technical field especially relates to an old person's internal medicine nursing shank exercise device.
Background
Basically, stroke and cardiovascular are two threats to the health of the elderly, which are also the most representative diseases in the elderly medical department, wherein stroke is a high-incidence acute cerebrovascular disease, and stroke is an acute cerebrovascular disease, which is called stroke in traditional Chinese medicine, and comprises two categories of ischemic and hemorrhagic diseases. The disease has the characteristics of high morbidity, high mortality and disability rate, high recurrence rate and strong paroxysmal. At present, cerebral apoplexy is the cause of death of prostate in China, and sequelae caused by cerebral apoplexy can cause lower limb dyskinesia of patients in different degrees, which seriously affects the life quality of the patients and increases the burden of families and society. However, the lower limb rehabilitation tools widely used in the current rehabilitation center can only provide basic training functions, cannot meet the deeper requirements beyond the rehabilitation requirements of patient groups, and cannot provide good product use experience. Therefore, the lower limb rehabilitation product for the elderly patients with cerebral apoplexy is designed in a humanized manner, so that the elderly patients can exercise the legs with higher freedom degree according to rehabilitation conditions and personal requirements.
In addition, because the state of an illness is heavier and the restoring force is relatively weaker when the morbidity, the recovery cycle that old medical patient lies in bed is relatively longer to because nervous system's degradation, old medical patient usually can't go to the ground directly walking after recovered, need utilize auxiliary device or carry out the rehabilitation training under medical personnel's the help, wherein, the most important is exactly that the shank is taken exercise need be strengthened, and the main purpose that the shank was taken exercise is the blood circulation that promotes the affected limb, in order to facilitate the detumescence. The patient can make rhythmic contraction and relaxation, namely, tightening and loosening, through muscles, isometric contraction of the muscles can be realized, and muscle atrophy or adhesion can be prevented.
The patent document with the publication number of CN214286531U discloses a device is tempered to old person's internal medicine nursing shank, including supporting seat and the handrail of connection in supporting seat top both sides, the supporting seat both ends all are provided with and are used for avoiding smashing the locking mechanism who impairs old person's shank through self-locking ability when old person's shank is unable suddenly, this device is tempered to old person's internal medicine nursing shank, in order to be different from prior art, make old person when taking exercise, can not smash when falling by the exercise pole because of the shank is unable suddenly, the accidental injury to old person has been avoided, through locking mechanism, under the rotation of self-locking piece control, when old person feels the shank is unable, press down the joint spare rapidly and realize the locking to rotating the piece, the personal safety of old person when using this apparatus to take exercise has been guaranteed. The device only can make old patient carry out the exercise of shank muscle under the gesture of lying, and it can't help old patient to carry out gait simulation training, can't be for old patient's shank training of simulating the walking gesture in the earlier stage of leaving the bed.
The patent document with the publication number of CN214550933U discloses a shank exercise device for nursing of old internal medicine, including control box, bracing piece, horizontal pole, fixed knot structure and drive structure, four one-to-one between the control box, two around, install the locating lever between the control box, the top and four of locating lever the bracing piece is connected, the one end and the control box of connecting rod are connected, the other end and the rotation axis connection of connecting rod, adapter and rotation axis connection, the other end through connection pole and the fixed hub connection of axis of rotation, install the conveyer belt on the fixed axle. The device fixes more than the patient's shank, though can make the patient keep a gesture when being similar to walking, but old patient's health has received too much constraint, can't help old patient accomplish one and break away from the training of recovered auxiliary device gradually in the environment of higher degree of freedom.
Therefore, aiming at the defects of the prior art, the application mainly provides an auxiliary device for helping the aged medical patients who have entered the rehabilitation stage to perform leg rehabilitation training with higher degree of freedom according to the rehabilitation degree and the doctor suggestion. This device can provide traction force and supplementary bearing structure for it according to old internal medicine patient's demand, thereby help old internal medicine patient can adapt to the oppression of health to the shank gradually to the mode of high load training, make old internal medicine patient restart when walking training from the bed, its parameter according to demand adjusting device that can be autonomic, thereby help the patient carry out the walking training within the bearable scope by oneself, and then help the patient can simulate out the walking gait before sick effectively, make the patient can carry out pursuing and the adaptation of individual gait orbit in the device of high flexibility ratio.
Furthermore, on the one hand, due to the differences in understanding to those skilled in the art; on the other hand, since the inventor studied a lot of documents and patents when making the present invention, but the space did not list all details and contents in detail, however, this is by no means the present invention does not possess these prior art features, but on the contrary the present invention has possessed all features of the prior art, and the applicant reserves the right to increase the related prior art in the background art.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the deficiency of the prior art, the technical scheme of the utility model a device is tempered to old person's internal medicine nursing shank is provided, at least including the frame main part that is used for installing training actuating mechanism, a serial communication port, training actuating mechanism can inject training actuating mechanism's motion space, training actuating mechanism is at least including the reverse subassembly that pulls that can offset user's self gravity and can restrict the spacing subassembly in reverse motion space who pulls the subassembly, wherein, reverse subassembly that pulls includes adjusting part, pulls the subassembly and pulls the support, pull the support and can inject patient's space of standing to install the adjusting part that can adjust the operating position who pulls the subassembly on the axial up end of support.
According to a preferred embodiment, the traction frame is arranged in such a way that a support frame can be set up on the base of the machine frame body, wherein an adjusting assembly which can move the traction rope of the traction assembly to any point in the end face is arranged on the axially upper end face of the traction frame.
According to a preferred embodiment, the adjustment assembly comprises a first translation guide rail and a second translation guide rail which carry the first pulley of the traction assembly in translation on the axially upper end face of the traction support.
According to a preferred embodiment, the first pulley is mounted on the second translation guide rail, the first translation guide rail can drive the second translation guide rail and the first pulley to move along a first direction, and after the first translation guide rail stops moving, the second translation guide rail drives the first pulley to move along a second direction.
According to a preferred embodiment, the traction assembly further comprises a wearing assembly capable of being worn on a human body, a second pulley and a traction unit for providing a force to a user, wherein the second pulley changes a traction direction of the traction rope in a manner of being fitted with the first pulley, and the wearing assembly and the traction unit are connected with both ends of the traction rope, respectively.
According to a preferred embodiment, the second pulley is arranged at the edge of the upper end face of the traction bracket, and the traction unit provides acting force for the wearing component through the traction rope.
According to a preferred embodiment, the limiting assembly is arranged outside the traction frame in such a way that the movement space of the traction unit is limited.
According to a preferred embodiment, the limiting assembly at least comprises a limiting plate connected with the traction bracket and a first limiting unit and a second limiting unit arranged on the limiting plate.
According to a preferred embodiment, the first and second limiting units are spaced apart in the axial direction of the limiting plate, and the first limiting unit is located axially above the second limiting unit, and the traction unit is limited between the first and second limiting units.
According to a preferred embodiment, a support rod convenient for a user to hold is further installed on the base of the rack main body.
The utility model has the advantages of:
the traction assembly that this device set up can adjust its operating position and the effort of applying according to patient's anthropometry parameter, make the patient in order to have the motion of human gait orbit of simulation in the mode of certain big or small plantar pressure in the support frame, the support force that the patient health acted on the shank can be subducted to the traction assembly, and adjust through the traction position to the traction assembly and make the traction assembly can satisfy the demand to losing weight effort when user's health appears leaning forward or bending back, travelling comfort when improving patient rehabilitation training.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of an internal medical nursing leg exercise device for old people of the utility model;
fig. 2 is a side view of the preferred embodiment of the medical nursing leg exercise device for old people of the utility model.
List of reference numerals
1: a rack main body; 2: a reverse traction assembly; 3: a limiting component; 11: a base; 12: a support bar; 13: a walking simulation component; 21: an adjustment assembly; 22: a traction assembly; 23: a traction support; 31: a limiting plate; 32: a first limit unit; 33: a second limit unit; 211: a first translation guide rail; 212: a second translation guide rail; 221: a hauling rope; 222: a first pulley; 223: a wearing assembly; 224: a second pulley; 225: a traction unit.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description is made with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example 1
The application relates to a device is tempered to old person's internal medicine nursing shank, and it includes frame main part 1 and training actuating mechanism at least, and wherein, training actuating mechanism includes reverse traction assembly 2 and spacing subassembly 3.
According to a particular embodiment shown in fig. 1, a reverse traction assembly 2 capable of providing a reverse force to a user is mounted on the frame body 1. The reverse traction assembly 2 can provide acting force for counteracting at least partial gravity of the patient, when the user keeps a standing state, at least partial self-gravity of the user is counteracted by the acting force provided by the reverse traction assembly 2, so that the pressure applied to the leg by the self-gravity of the user is reduced, and the user can finish walking movement with smaller force. The structural frame of the reverse traction assembly 2 is also fitted with a stop assembly 3 able to define the working position of the traction unit 225 of the reverse traction assembly 2. The stop assembly 3 can ensure safety of a user in use by limiting a movable range of the traction unit 225. In the training process, the reverse traction assembly 2 can provide an acting force with a set value for a user, so that the safety and coordination of the patient training are ensured, and the patient can be helped to complete the rehabilitation training better.
Preferably, the frame body 1 includes a base 11, a support bar 12, and a walking simulator assembly 13. The base 11 is provided with support rods 12 positioned at both sides of the standing position of the human body. The support bar 12 in the form of an inverted U provides a hand-held mechanism for a user when standing on the walking simulator assembly 3, the support bar 12 provides a hand-held fulcrum for the user, and it also prevents the user from falling when shaken. Preferably, the walking simulation module 13 is provided in a central region of the upper end surface of the base 11 so that a user can stand on the walking simulation module 13 to perform simulated walking motions. Preferably, the walking simulator assembly 13 is disposed between two support bars 12 parallel to each other so that the user can keep his body balance in the manner of holding the support bars 12 while standing on the walking simulator assembly 13. Further preferably, the walking simulation assembly 13 can be a foot-driven walking training walker as disclosed in patent publication No. CN 212308372U.
Preferably, the counter-traction assembly 2 comprises an adjustment assembly 21, a traction assembly 22 and a traction bracket 23. The traction bracket 23 establishes a frame structure on the base 11 that defines a user's exercise space. A traction assembly 22 capable of providing acting force for a user and an adjusting assembly 21 for adjusting the working position of the traction assembly 22 are arranged on the frame structure established by the traction bracket 23. Preferably, the towing bracket 23 can provide a support frame for the towing assembly 22 and the adjusting assembly 21, ensuring the stability of the towing structure of the towing assembly 22.
Preferably, the adjustment assembly 21 includes a first translation rail 211 and a second translation rail 212. A first translation rail 211 movable in a first direction and a second translation rail 212 movable in a second direction are mounted on the top rectangular frame of the traction bracket 23. The adjustment assembly 22 changes the operating position of a first pulley 222 mounted on the second translation rail 212 by driving the first translation rail 211 and the second translation rail 212 to perform directional translation. Specifically, the first translation rail 211 can drive the second translation rail 212 and the first pulley 222 to move along a first direction, and after the first translation rail 211 stops moving, the second translation rail 212 can drive the first pulley 222 to move along a second direction, so that the extending direction of the traction rope 221 can be overlapped with the gravity line of the longitudinal axis of the body of the user. Preferably, the first translation guide 211 and the second translation guide 212 are arranged in a criss-cross manner, and the first direction is a direction of translation in a longitudinal axis when the user stands on the base 1, and the second direction is a direction of translation in a transverse axis when the user stands on the base 1. Further preferably, the first direction is parallel to the plane of the support rod 12, and the first direction is perpendicular to the second direction.
Preferably, the traction assembly 22 includes a traction rope 221, a first pulley 222, a wearing assembly 223, a second pulley 224, and a traction unit 225. The two ends of the traction rope 221 are respectively connected with the wearing component 223 and the traction unit 225. Preferably, the pulling rope 221 changes the rope extending direction thereof through the first pulley 222 and the second pulley 224, so that a part of the rope of the pulling rope 221 connected with the wearing assembly 223 falls from the axial upper end face of the pulling bracket 23 into the internal space of the frame structure established by the pulling bracket 23, so that the part of the rope in the internal space of the frame structure established by the pulling bracket 23 where the pulling rope 221 is located can be coincident with the gravity line of the longitudinal axis of the body of the user, and thus the direction of the acting force provided by the pulling assembly 22 to the user can be exactly opposite to the gravity direction. Preferably, the second pulley 224 is provided on a frame bar body of the top rectangular frame of the traction bracket 23 parallel to the second direction, so that both ends of the traction rope 221 continuously wound around the first pulley 222 and the second pulley 224 are parallel to each other, that is, two rope bodies of the traction rope 221 connecting the wearing member 223 and the traction unit 225 are parallel to each other. Preferably, the pulling string 221 can lift the wearing assembly 223 under the gravity of the pulling unit 225, so that the user wearing the wearing assembly 223 can be subjected to a lifting force opposite to the gravity direction. Preferably, the traction unit 225 connected with the traction rope 221 is disposed outside the frame structure established by the traction bracket 23 such that the traction unit 225 pulls the traction rope 221 according to its own weight. It is further preferred that the weight of the traction unit 225 is adjustable to the training needs of the user, so that the user can set different amounts of effort at different stages of training.
As shown in fig. 2, the outer side of the towing bracket 23 near the towing unit 225 is also mounted with a spacing assembly 3. Preferably, the traction bracket comprises a limiting plate 31 connected with the traction bracket 23, and a first limiting unit 32 and a second limiting unit 33 arranged on the limiting plate 31. Preferably, the first and second limiting units 32 and 33 are arranged at intervals in the axial direction of the limiting plate 31, and the first limiting unit 32 is located axially above the second limiting unit 33, and the traction unit 225 is limited between the first and second limiting units 32 and 33. Preferably, the first limiting unit 32 is to limit the maximum rising height of the drawing unit 225, and the second limiting unit 33 is to limit the maximum falling height of the drawing unit 225. By limiting the range of movement of the traction unit 225, strain on the muscles caused by over-exertion or loss of exertion by the user during the exercise is avoided.
It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments are exemplary, and those skilled in the art can devise various solutions in light of the disclosure, which are all within the scope of the disclosure and fall into the scope of the invention. It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the present specification and drawings are illustrative only and are not limiting upon the claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the claims and their equivalents. Throughout this document, the features referred to as "preferably" are only an optional feature and should not be understood as necessarily requiring that such applicant reserves the right to disclaim or delete the associated preferred feature at any time.

Claims (9)

1. An internal nursing leg exercise device for old people, at least comprising a frame main body (1) for installing a training executing mechanism, characterized in that the frame main body (1) can limit the movement space of the training executing mechanism, the training executing mechanism at least comprises a reverse traction component (2) which can counteract the self gravity of a user and a limiting component (3) which can limit the movement space of the reverse traction component (2), wherein,
the reverse traction assembly (2) comprises an adjusting assembly (21), a traction assembly (22) and a traction bracket (23), the traction bracket (23) can define a standing space of a patient, and the adjusting assembly (21) capable of adjusting the working position of the traction assembly (22) is arranged on the axial upper end surface of the traction bracket (23);
the traction support (23) is arranged in a mode that a supporting frame can be built on a base (11) of the rack main body (1), wherein an adjusting assembly (21) capable of moving a traction rope (221) of the traction assembly (22) to any point in the end face is arranged on the axial upper end face of the traction support (23).
2. The elderly medical care leg exercise device of claim 1, wherein the adjustment assembly (21) comprises a first translation rail (211) and a second translation rail (212) that carry a first pulley (222) of the traction assembly (22) in translation on an axially upper end face of the traction bracket (23).
3. The elderly medical care leg exercise device of claim 2, wherein the first pulley (222) is mounted on the second translation rail (212),
the first translation guide rail (211) can drive the second translation guide rail (212) and the first pulley (222) to move along a first direction, and after the first translation guide rail (211) stops moving, the second translation guide rail (212) drives the first pulley (222) to move along a second direction.
4. The geriatric nursing leg exercise device of claim 3, wherein the traction assembly (22) further comprises a wearing assembly (223) that can be worn on the human body, a second pulley (224), and a traction unit (225) that provides a force to the user, wherein the second pulley (224) changes a traction direction of the traction rope (221) in a manner of interworking with the first pulley (222), and the wearing assembly (223) and the traction unit (225) are connected to both ends of the traction rope (221), respectively.
5. The elderly medical care leg exercise device of claim 4, wherein the second pulley (224) is provided to an upper end face edge of the traction bracket (23), and the traction unit (225) provides a force to the wearing assembly (223) through the traction rope (221).
6. The geriatric nursing leg exercise device of claim 5, wherein the stop assembly (3) is provided outside the traction bracket (23) in a manner to limit a movement space of the traction unit (225).
7. The internal nursing leg exercise device for elderly people according to claim 6, characterized in that the limiting component (3) comprises at least a limiting plate (31) connected with the traction bracket (23) and a first limiting unit (32) and a second limiting unit (33) arranged on the limiting plate (31).
8. The geriatric medical care leg exercise device according to claim 7, wherein the first and second stopper units (32, 33) are arranged at intervals in an axial direction of the stopper plate (31), and the first stopper unit (32) is located axially above the second stopper unit (33), the traction unit (225) being restrained between the first and second stopper units (32, 33).
9. The internal nursing leg exercise device for old people as claimed in claim 8, wherein the base (11) of the frame body (1) is further installed with a support rod (12) for the user to hold.
CN202220656580.XU 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 Old person's internal medicine nursing shank tempers device Active CN217987949U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220656580.XU CN217987949U (en) 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 Old person's internal medicine nursing shank tempers device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220656580.XU CN217987949U (en) 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 Old person's internal medicine nursing shank tempers device

Publications (1)

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CN217987949U true CN217987949U (en) 2022-12-09

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CN (1) CN217987949U (en)

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