CN108836655A - A kind of orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair with nursing role - Google Patents

A kind of orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair with nursing role Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108836655A
CN108836655A CN201810734181.9A CN201810734181A CN108836655A CN 108836655 A CN108836655 A CN 108836655A CN 201810734181 A CN201810734181 A CN 201810734181A CN 108836655 A CN108836655 A CN 108836655A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
leg
foot
oil pressure
pressure pump
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Granted
Application number
CN201810734181.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108836655B (en
Inventor
陈慧颖
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Bi Yanan
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Hangzhou Guang Kai Medical Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810734181.9A priority Critical patent/CN108836655B/en
Publication of CN108836655A publication Critical patent/CN108836655A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/02Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs propelled by the patient or disabled person
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/006Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs convertible to stretchers or beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1005Wheelchairs having brakes
    • A61G5/1013Wheelchairs having brakes engaging the wheel
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1056Arrangements for adjusting the seat
    • A61G5/1067Arrangements for adjusting the seat adjusting the backrest relative to the seat portion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet
    • A61G5/122Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet for the back
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet
    • A61G5/127Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet for lower legs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/001Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with means for turning-over the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/065Rests specially adapted therefor
    • A61G7/07Rests specially adapted therefor for the head or torso, e.g. special back-rests
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/065Rests specially adapted therefor
    • A61G7/075Rests specially adapted therefor for the limbs
    • A61G7/0755Rests specially adapted therefor for the limbs for the legs or feet
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/02Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters
    • A63B21/055Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters extension element type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2210/00Space saving
    • A63B2210/02Space saving incorporated in chairs

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair with nursing role,Including buttocks support panel,Tilt adjustable section is connected on the left of buttocks support panel leans against board for lying on back,The upper end of buttocks support panel is connected with safe handrail,The bottom righthand side of buttocks support panel is connected with the leg plate of recuperating of tilt adjustable section,The right end of leg plate of recuperating is connected with foot and sets plate,The lower end of buttocks support panel is provided with bottom end support frame,The leftmost side of bottom end support frame is connected with pull push bracket,The adjusting component to drive is provided in the support frame of bottom end,There are four universal wheels for the lower end connection of bottom end support frame,Recuperate leg plate upper end face on be provided with dismountable leg exercises device,The present invention is directed to the fracture patient of different parts,A wheelchair can meet the use of different fracture site patients,And the fixed needs in position for meeting severe patient,Moderate patient reserves the needs of activity space,The needs that patients with mild strength building meets.

Description

A kind of orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair with nursing role
Technical field
The present invention relates to nursing wheelchair technical field, specially a kind of orthopaedics patient safety wheel with nursing role Chair.
Background technique
21 century belongs to the century of population in the world aging, and aging of population is on the rise.Aging shows as the elderly Physiological function obviously fail, pliable legs degree constantly declines, personal self-care ability worse and worse, therefore the nursing to the elderly It is particularly important.In this context, in order to meet the needs of the elderly is to nursing, carried out one after another to Medical treatment device both at home and abroad The research of tool, wherein the most prominent to multifunction nursing bed research.The mode of tradition nursing is completed by nurse or household By work such as nursing staff's Body Position Changes, heavy workload and need to nurse for a long time.Wheelchair is riding instead of walk for lower limb disabled and the elderly Tool, type is less, has a single function.Common wheelchair only has the function of to ride instead of walk, and user's limbs cannot get effective exercise and exercise, It is very unfavorable to take exercise to limb rehabilitating.And existing wheelchair can not be directed to the practical different wheelchair mode of patient of different syndromes, Patients with mild, moderate patient, severe patient are different for the demand of wheelchair function, but are unable to satisfy with a wheelchair different strong The patient of Kang Chengdu.The effective percentage for causing wheelchair use process to use is very low.
For example, application No. is 201711213821.3, a kind of entitled patent of invention of lifting nursing wheelchair.
The invention, due to being provided with lifting unit between seat cushion and chair frame, lifting unit includes X-type bracket and lifting Hydraulic cylinder, lifting hydraulic cylinder drives the movement of X-type bracket to drive seat cushion to rise or fall, to realize the height tune to seat surface It is whole, so that wheelchair is can satisfy the use demand of different statures and different service conditions, both conveniently takes and be placed on different height Thing, can also by the height adjustment of seat surface to bed or the consistent height of sofa, convenient for users to wheelchair and bed or sofa it Between shifted.Moreover, the lifting nursing Wheelchair structure is simple, it is easy to use.
But existing nursing wheelchair still has following defect:
(1) existing orthopaedics patient nursing wheelchair is generally wheelchair that is simple fixed or riding instead of walk, has a single function, and And single wheelchair mode is only provided, the orthopaedics patient of waist injury is not just available, will lead to need in hospital in this way Preparation is directed to a variety of care appliances of different orthopaedics patients.
(2) existing orthopaedics patient nursing wheelchair can not be directed to the practical different wheelchair mode of patient of different syndromes, gently Patient is spent, moderate patient, severe patient is different for the demand of wheelchair function, but is unable to satisfy different health with a wheelchair The patient of degree.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcomings of that prior art, the present invention provide a kind of orthopaedics patient safety with nursing role Wheelchair can effectively solve the problem of background technique proposes.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair with nursing role, including buttocks support panel, the buttocks support panel Left side is connected with the board for lying on back that leans against of tilt adjustable section, and the upper end of the buttocks support panel is connected with safe handrail, the stern The bottom righthand side of portion's support plate is connected with the leg plate of recuperating of tilt adjustable section, and the right end for recuperating leg plate is connected with foot and sets plate, institute The lower end for stating buttocks support panel is provided with bottom end support frame, and the leftmost side of the bottom end support frame, which has been connected with, faces upward folded sheet, institute The adjusting component being provided in the support frame of bottom end to drive is stated, the lower end of the bottom end support frame is connected there are four universal wheel, Dismountable leg exercises device is provided on the upper end face of the leg plate of recuperating.
Further, the board for lying on back that leans against is made of right half backboard and left half backboard, two plates placed side by side;Institute Stating foot and setting plate includes that two half feet of right side arranged side by side set plate and set plate with half foot of a left side, and right half foot is set plate and set with left half foot The upper end of plate is all connected with one piece of top foot riser being vertically arranged;The buttocks support panel includes two half podical plates of the right side placed side by side With left half podical plate, Protective pad for buttocks is provided with above right half podical plate and left half podical plate;The adjusting component includes First telescopic machine, the right end of first telescopic machine are connected with V-arrangement connecting rod, and the right end of the V-arrangement connecting rod is connected with a level The junction of flat-pushing bar, the V-arrangement connecting rod and the flat-pushing bar is provided with Coupling Shaft, and the flat-pushing bar and the foot are set between plate It is connected with the first vertical strut and the second vertical strut, is provided with the second telescopic machine on the left of first telescopic machine, described The left end of two telescopic machines is connected with the connecting rod of falling V, and the upper end of the connecting rod of falling V is connected with inclination strut, first telescopic machine with Oil pressure pump jack is provided between second telescopic machine;
The pull push bracket includes the pushing hands handle that pull push bracket upper end is arranged in, on the fixed frame for adjusting component It is provided with the pull slot to store the pull push bracket;
The leg exercises device includes upper packet leg, and the lower-left end of the upper packet leg is connected with lower packet leg, the upper packet Leg and the lower packet leg junction are provided with mechanical linkage, and rotational pin, the table of the upper packet leg are provided on the mechanical linkage It is provided with spring upper plate on face, several upper plate fixed card buckles, the lower packet leg surface setting are set in the spring upper panel surface Have spring lower plate, be provided with several lower plate fixed card buckles on the spring lower board surface, the upper plate fixed card buckle and it is described under It is provided with fastening card slot in plate fixed card buckle, is connected with extension spring between two fastening card slots.
Further, described recuperate is connected with dismountable hinge between leg plate and the buttocks support panel, the leg of recuperating Plate includes two half leg plates of the right side and left half leg plate arranged side by side.
Further, the upper surface of the safe handrail is provided with one layer of rubber sleave.
Further, the oil pressure pump jack includes and is separately positioned below right half backboard first to lean to one side oil Press pump machine and what is be arranged in below left half backboard second lean to one side oil pressure pump machine b, the Protective pad for buttocks lower end is provided with liter Oil pressure pump machine drops.
Further, the oil pressure pump jack is the upper end setting that hand adjusts pump machine and the oil pressure pump jack Have a pump machine pedal, described first lean to one side oil pressure pump machine with described second lean to one side oil pressure pump machine be power auto-control pump machine.
Further, the front end of the bottom end support frame is provided with two Detachable pedal framves parallel to each other, two institutes The bottom end for stating Detachable pedal frame is provided with rest pedal frame, is provided with Yi Tiaoshui on the inside of two Detachable pedal framves The flat soft band of isolation.
Further, the universal wheel includes idler wheel mounting rack, and it is solid that the upper end of the idler wheel mounting rack is connected with tire Surely it stops valve.
Further, a circle immobilizing bandage is provided on the surface of the upper packet leg and the lower packet leg, the fixation is taut It takes and is provided with tension adjustment ring.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) present invention by leaning against board for lying on back, set plate and be all made of the design that the right and left is combined by leg plate of recuperating, foot, and Expansion and recycling can be achieved in respective positions, and for the fracture patient of different parts, hospital is without purchasing different types of wheel Chair, the wheelchair that designs can meet the use of different fracture site patients in a present invention.
(2) present invention is set by entirely adjusting component with external removably recuperate leg plate and leg exercises device etc. It sets, meets the use of different fracture site patients, and the fixed needs in the position for meeting severe patient, the reserved activity of moderate patient The needs in space, the needs that patients with mild strength building meets.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic view of the front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is overlooking structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 3 is adjusting component structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 4 is oil pressure pump jack schematic view of the mounting position of the invention;
Fig. 5 is that the present invention removes the structural schematic diagram after leg plate of recuperating;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of leg exercises device of the present invention.
Figure label
1- leans against board for lying on back;2- recuperates leg plate;3- foot sets plate;The safe handrail of 4-;5- buttocks support panel;6- adjusting group Part;7- pull push bracket;The bottom end 8- support frame;9- universal wheel;10- leg exercises device;
Half backboard of the right side 101-;Half backboard of the left side 102-;
201- dismountable hinge;Half leg plate of the right side 202-;Half leg plate of the left side 203-;
Half foot of the right side 301- sets plate;Half foot of the left side 302- sets plate;303- pushes up foot riser;
401- rubber sleave;
Half podical plate of the right side 501-;Half podical plate of the left side 502-;503- Protective pad for buttocks;
The first telescopic machine of 601-;602-V shape connecting rod;603- Coupling Shaft;The flat-pushing bar of 604-;The vertical strut of 605- first; The vertical strut of 606- second;607- oil pressure pump jack;The second telescopic machine of 608-;The 609- connecting rod of falling V;610- tilts strut;
607a- first leans to one side oil pressure pump machine;607b- second leans to one side oil pressure pump machine;607c- goes up and down oil pressure pump machine;607d- pump Machine pedal;
701- pushing hands handle;702- pull slot;
801- Detachable pedal frame;802- rest pedal frame;Soft band is isolated in 803-;
901- tire fixes brake valve;902- idler wheel mounting rack;
The upper packet leg of 1001-;Packet leg under 1002-;1003- extension spring;1004- spring upper plate;1005- upper plate fixing card Button;1006- fastens card slot;1007- spring lower plate;1008- lower plate fixed card buckle;1009- mechanical linkage;10010- rotational pin; 10011- immobilizing bandage;10012- tension adjustment ring.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of, the orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair with nursing role includes buttocks branch Fagging 5, what the left side of the buttocks support panel 5 was connected with tilt adjustable section leans against board for lying on back 1, the buttocks support panel 5 it is upper End is connected with safe handrail 4, and the bottom righthand side of the buttocks support panel 5 is connected with the leg plate 2 of recuperating of tilt adjustable section, the treatment The right end for supporting leg plate 2 is connected with foot and sets plate 3, and the lower end of the buttocks support panel 5 is provided with bottom end support frame 8, the bottom end branch The leftmost side of support 8, which has been connected with, faces upward folded sheet 7, and the adjusting component 6 to drive, institute are provided in the bottom end support frame 8 The lower end connection of bottom end support frame 8 is stated there are four universal wheel 9, is provided on the upper end face of the leg plate 2 of recuperating dismountable Leg exercises device 10.
Specific implementation process and principle of the invention is that buttocks support panel 5 is mainly used for supporting the buttocks of patient, passes through tune Section, which leans against board for lying on back 1, can adjust a suitable position convenient for patient's dependence, the tilt adjustable of the bottom righthand side of buttocks support panel 5 The leg plate 2 of recuperating of section is used to support the leg of patient, and foot sets plate 3 and avoids the foot of foot patient hanging, and bottom end support frame 8 supports entirely Each plate above, four universal wheels 9 can be mobile with Wheelchairs Available.Wheelchair of the invention be pushed by nursing staff because Orthopaedics patient patient articular can not do a wide range of mobile or bear biggish strength, and universal wheel of the invention is only to help It helps patient to do simple position to transfer, pushes for the ease of nursing staff and pushed using the pull push bracket 7 of setting, pull pushes away Only use when leaning against board for lying on back 1 and starting of frame 7, when leaning against board for lying on back 1 and laying flat, pull push bracket 7 will be pushed into pull slot Storage in 702.
When patient is a severe patient, in the case that back, ankle and leg are all fractured, adjusting is leaned against at board for lying on back 1 In horizontality, back stress is avoided, which leg fracture occurs and just props up the corresponding leg plate 2 of recuperating of which block, puts and only suffers from The bending of person leg, the most rear foot are set plate 3 and are supported, and support foot avoids the hanging ankle stress of foot.
When patient is a moderate patient, a position of only fracturing, then adjusting the place of injury, others are tied Structure can be adjusted arbitrarily.
When patient is a slight leg patient in healing, not only guarantee patient legs stablize, but also utilize leg Exercising apparatus 10 suitably does training appropriate to patient legs, and patients with fractures's illness is accelerated to improve.
As shown in Figure 1, the pull push bracket (7) includes pushing hands handle (701) of the setting in pull push bracket (7) upper end, The pull slot (702) to store the pull push bracket (7) is provided on the fixed frame for adjusting component (6).
Effect of the pull push bracket 7 as nursing staff's auxiliary pushing wheelchair can carry out draw operation, be easy to use and deposit It puts, it is normally horizontal positioned that guarantee leans against board for lying on back 1.
As shown in Figure 1, the upper surface of safe handrail 4 is provided with one layer of rubber sleave 401.
The addition of rubber sleave 401 avoids patient's arm from having the patient of wound, directly contacts with the metal of hard, increases simultaneously Friction between hand and safe handrail 4 promotes comfort level.
As shown in Fig. 2, it is heretofore described it is described lean against board for lying on back 1 by half backboard 101 of the right side with left half backboard 102 two simultaneously Discharge the plate composition set;
It includes that two half feet of right side arranged side by side set plate 301 and set plate 302, right half foot with half foot of a left side that the foot, which sets plate 3, It sets the upper end that plate 301 and left half foot set plate 302 and is all connected with one piece of top foot riser 303 being vertically arranged;
The buttocks support panel 5 includes two half podical plates 501 of the right side and left half podical plate 502, right half stern placed side by side The top of plate 501 and left half podical plate 502 is provided with Protective pad for buttocks 503.
Two parts for leaning against board for lying on back 1 are respectively used to patient and realize the work for turning over operation, and foot sets two parts of plate 3 For selecting that foot for adjusting injury to be supported, support, which may be selected, in unscathed foot also may be selected not to support.Buttocks support 5 liang of plate faces of plate are linked together by intermediate Protective pad for buttocks 503, and intermediate there are small gaps, and the buttocks for patient is ventilative, keeps away Exempt to close sitting for a long time, skin is caused eczema etc. occur.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, it recuperates and is connected with dismountable hinge 201 between leg plate 2 and the buttocks support panel 5, it is described Leg plate 2 of recuperating includes two half leg plates 202 of the right side and left half leg plate 203 arranged side by side.
The part of two leg plates 2 of recuperating equally is the leg that selectivity props up fracture, that unscathed leg may be selected to be propped up Support, also can choose and does not support.When dismountable hinge 201, which is mounted on, recuperates between leg plate 2 and the buttocks support panel 5, when Recuperate driving of the leg plate 2 by bottom control assembly 6 when, leg plate 2 of recuperating can realize inclining between 5 horizontal plane of buttocks support panel Angle is adjusted.When patient be not necessarily to recuperate leg plate 2 or patient restore it is fine when, can will disassembly hinge 201 together with leg plate 2 one of recuperating It is same to remove.
As shown in figure 3, heretofore described adjusting component 6 includes the first telescopic machine 601, first telescopic machine 601 Right end be connected with V-arrangement connecting rod 602, the right end of the V-arrangement connecting rod 602 is connected with a horizontal flat-pushing bar 604, and the V-arrangement connects The junction of bar 602 and the flat-pushing bar 604 is provided with Coupling Shaft 603, and the flat-pushing bar 604 and the foot are set to be connected between plate 3 It is connected to the first vertical strut 605 and the second vertical strut 606, the left side of first telescopic machine 601 is provided with the second telescopic machine 608, the left end of second telescopic machine 608 is connected with the connecting rod of falling V 609, and the upper end of the connecting rod of falling V 609 is connected with inclination support Bar 610 is provided with oil pressure pump jack 607 between first telescopic machine 601 and second telescopic machine 608.
Adjusting component 6 is mainly the effect for driving and adjusting, and the first telescopic machine 601 controls V-arrangement connecting rod 602 with flat-pushing bar 604, drive foot to set the stretching, extension of plate 3 and withdraw by the first vertical strut 605 and the second vertical strut 606.Second telescopic machine, 608 band The inclination strut 610 that connects on V connecting rod 609 push and lean against rising for board for lying on back 1 and face upward.Oil pressure pump jack 607 is respectively used to suffer from The turn of person, the height adjustment of seat.
It should be noted that the adjusting component 6 divides for the design of left and right two halves, control process is also individually to control, this Sample can help patient realize mechanical-assisted turn over function, and the leg of some patients only have one with fracture it is sick and wounded, So patient can alternatively be used leg plate 2 of recuperating and move freely convenient for the leg of another health.Integral power is adjusted specific Process is 601 fixed design of the first telescopic machine, and the first telescopic machine 601 can be moved forward and backward with V-arrangement connecting rod 602, when V-arrangement connecting rod 602 flat-pushing bars 604 when moving right will toward upper right side it is mobile with the first vertical strut 605 and the second vertical strut 606 by foot It sets plate 3 to prop up, if you do not need to foot, which sets plate 3, then controls 601 retraction operation of the first telescopic machine, V-arrangement connecting rod 602 is moved to the left, V Shape connecting rod 602 drives flat-pushing bar 604 to move to left down during being moved to the left, and the first vertical strut 605 and second is vertical at this time Strut 606 also moves to left down, and causing foot to set plate 3 can tilt, and leg is placed on inclined foot convenient for patient and is set on plate 3. Whole device is divided into two sets of control assemblies, individually controls, convenient for the actual needs of patient.It similarly turns over operation and then utilizes two Oil pressure pump jack 607, can when adjusting different height to two plate faces respectively to half backboard 101 of the right side and left half backboard 102 operation When controlling patient and turn over situation, such as being turned over to the right, it is only necessary to control left-half higher than right half part.
As shown in figure 4, oil pressure pump jack 607 includes the first side for being separately positioned on 101 lower section of right half backboard Body oil pressure pump machine 607a and what is be arranged in below left half backboard 102 second lean to one side oil pressure pump machine 607b, the buttocks shield It pads 503 lower ends and is provided with lifting oil pressure pump machine 607c.
The first oil pressure pump machine 607a that leans to one side controls the height of right half backboard 101, and the second oil pressure pump machine 607b control of leaning to one side is left The height of half backboard 102, when patient needs to turn over, it is only necessary to be adjusted slightly first and lean to one side oil pressure pump machine 607a or second side Body oil pressure pump machine 607b using two it is rectangular at difference in height, it is easy to help patient to carry out turn operation.Go up and down oil pressure pump machine 607c directly adjusts the height of buttocks support panel 5, realizes the lift adjustment of buttocks support panel 5.For half backboard 101 of the right side and left half Between backboard 102 when turning over the gap that generates, in security consideration generally in the upper of half backboard 101 of the right side and left half backboard 102 Side is laid with one layer of neonychium, increases the comfort of patient while patient being avoided to be pinched when turning over.
As shown in figs. 4 and 5, lifting oil pressure pump machine 607c is that hand adjusts pump machine and the lifting oil pressure pump machine 607c Upper end be provided with pump machine pedal 607d, the described first oil pressure pump machine 607a and described second oil pressure pump machine 607b that leans to one side that leans to one side is equal For the pump machine of power auto-control.
Pump machine pedal 607d on lifting oil pressure pump machine 607c can be adjusted directly with foot, and inconvenient can ask nursing staff Height is adjusted, height adjustment is that corresponding care operation is done for the ease of nursing staff.Operation is turned over, can voluntarily be adjusted.
As shown in figure 5, the front end of bottom end support frame 8 is provided with two Detachable pedal framves 801 parallel to each other, two institutes The bottom end for stating Detachable pedal frame 801 is provided with rest pedal frame 802, and the inside of two Detachable pedal framves 801 is set It is equipped with the horizontal soft band 803 of isolation.
Moderate patient or patients with mild can also be taken to remove and recuperate leg plate 2 and foot sets plate 3, installing can in healing Dismantle pedal frame 801, the both feet of patient are just placed on rest pedal frame 802 when rest, disassembly pedal frame 801 with it is horizontal be isolated it is soft There are enough spaces between band 803, patient oneself can be with the both legs of slight oscillatory oneself, due to the soft band 803 of the isolation of setting Patient can be helped to bear the oscillatory forces of a part, moreover it is possible to avoid the landing of patient's legs and feet injured, entire Detachable pedal frame 801 is Patient provides a small amount of space.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and shown in Fig. 5, the universal wheel 9 includes idler wheel mounting rack 902, the idler wheel mounting rack 902 Upper end is connected with the fixed brake valve 901 of tire.
The fixed brake valve 901 of tire avoids wheelchair excessive velocities in descending, helps the speed of service for controlling wheelchair.
As shown in fig. 6, heretofore described leg exercises device 10 includes upper packet leg 1001, the upper packet leg 1001 Lower-left end is connected with lower packet leg 1002, and the upper packet leg 1001 is provided with mechanical linkage with lower 1002 junction of packet leg 1009, rotational pin 10010 is provided on the mechanical linkage 1009, is provided with spring upper plate on the surface of the upper packet leg 1001 1004, several upper plate fixed card buckles 1005 are set on 1004 surface of spring upper plate, lower 1002 surface of packet leg is provided with Spring lower plate 1007 is provided with several lower plate fixed card buckles 1008, the upper plate fixing card on 1007 surface of spring lower plate It is provided with fastening card slot 1006 on button 1005 and the lower plate fixed card buckle 1008, connects between two fastening card slots 1006 It is connected to extension spring 1003.
When slight patient can move freely, need to do some strength buildings, the speed for adding block legs and feet to restore, patient's Leg is put into packet leg 1001 and lower packet leg 1002, regulates fixed card buckle 1005 in spring upper plate 1004 and spring lower plate 1007 It with the position of fastening card slot 1006, adjusts according to the actual situation, because the strength of extension spring 1003 becomes according to its tensile elongation Change and change, generally just start to restore does the small movement of amount of tension, and recovery preferably can suitably increase amount of tension, and patient comes Flexible leg is gone back to, extension spring 1003 is pulled to achieve the purpose that exercise.
As shown in fig. 6, it is solid to be provided with a circle on heretofore described upper packet leg 1001 and the surface of the lower packet leg 1002 Determine bandage 10011, is provided with tension adjustment ring 10012 on the immobilizing bandage 10011.
Setting immobilizing bandage 10011 and tension adjustment ring 10012 are to guarantee that patient legs are secured firmly to leg exercises dress It sets on 10, and tighten dynamics can voluntarily adjust.
The advantage of the invention is that leg plate of recuperating, foot sets plate and is all made of what the right and left was combined by leaning against board for lying on back Design, and expansion and recycling can be achieved in respective positions, for the fracture patient of different parts, hospital is without purchasing inhomogeneity The wheelchair of type, the wheelchair that designs can meet the use of different fracture site patients in a present invention.And it is adjusted using entire Section component and the external setting such as leg plate and leg exercises device of removably recuperating, meet making for different fracture site patients With, and the fixed needs in position for meeting severe patient, moderate patient reserve the needs of activity space, patients with mild strength building The needs of satisfaction.The wheelchair that the present invention designs in line with the attitude being responsible for all patients, all parts contacted with patient in order to Easy cleaning all installs the replaceable sheath of one layer of safety additional, avoids the growth of bacterium.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair with nursing role, it is characterised in that:It is described including buttocks support panel (5) Leaning against board for lying on back (1) for tilt adjustable section is connected on the left of buttocks support panel (5), the upper end of the buttocks support panel (5) connects It is connected to safe handrail (4), the bottom righthand side of the buttocks support panel (5) is connected with recuperating leg plate (2) for tilt adjustable section, described The right end of leg plate (2) of recuperating is connected with foot and sets plate (3), and the lower end of the buttocks support panel (5) is provided with bottom end support frame (8), The leftmost side of the bottom end support frame (8) is provided with pull push bracket (7), is provided in the bottom end support frame (8) to drive Adjusting component (6), the lower end connection of the bottom end support frame (8) is there are four universal wheel (9), the upper of leg plate (2) of recuperating Dismountable leg exercises device (10) is provided on end surfaces.
2. orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The board for lying on back (1) that leans against is by the right side Half backboard (101) and left (102) two plates placed side by side of half backboard form;It includes two to set side by side that the foot, which sets plate (3), Half foot of the right side set sets plate (301) and left half foot is set plate (302), and right half foot sets plate (301) and left half foot sets plate (302) Upper end be all connected with one piece of top foot riser (303) being vertically arranged;The buttocks support panel (5) includes two right sides placed side by side Stern is provided with above half podical plate (501) and half podical plate of a left side (502), right half podical plate (501) and left half podical plate (502) Portion's protection pad (503);
The adjusting component (6) includes the first telescopic machine (601), and the right end of first telescopic machine (601) is connected with V-arrangement company Bar (602), the right end of the V-arrangement connecting rod (602) are connected with a horizontal flat-pushing bar (604), the V-arrangement connecting rod (602) and institute The junction for stating flat-pushing bar (604) is provided with Coupling Shaft (603), and the flat-pushing bar (604) and the foot are set and connected between plate (3) There are the first vertical strut (605) and the second vertical strut (606), is provided with second on the left of first telescopic machine (601) and stretches The left end of contracting machine (608), second telescopic machine (608) is connected with the connecting rod of falling V (609), the upper end of the connecting rod of falling V (609) It is connected with inclination strut (610), is provided with oil pressure pump between first telescopic machine (601) and second telescopic machine (608) Jack (607);
The pull push bracket (7) includes pushing hands of the setting in pull push bracket (7) upper end (701), the adjusting component (6) Fixed frame on be provided with pull slot (702) to store the pull push bracket (7);
The leg exercises device (10) includes upper packet leg (1001), and the lower-left end of the upper packet leg (1001) is connected with lower packet Leg (1002), the upper packet leg (1001) and lower packet leg (1002) junction are provided with mechanical linkage (1009), the machine It is provided on tool connecting rod (1009) rotational pin (10010), is provided with spring upper plate on the surface of the upper packet leg (1001) (1004), several upper plate fixed card buckles (1005), lower packet leg (1002) table are set on spring upper plate (1004) surface Face is provided with spring lower plate (1007), is provided with several lower plate fixed card buckles (1008) on spring lower plate (1007) surface, Fastening card slot (1006), two institutes are provided on the upper plate fixed card buckle (1005) and the lower plate fixed card buckle (1008) It states and is connected with extension spring (1003) between fastening card slot (1006).
3. orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described recuperate leg plate (2) with it is described It is connected between buttocks support panel (5) dismountable hinge (201), the leg plate (2) of recuperating includes two half legs of the right side arranged side by side Plate (202) and left half leg plate (203).
4. orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The safe handrail (4) it is upper Surface is provided with one layer of rubber sleave (401).
5. orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The oil pressure pump jack (607) Include be separately positioned below right half backboard (101) first lean to one side oil pressure pump machine (607a) and be arranged on the left side Second below half backboard (102) leans to one side oil pressure pump machine (607b), and Protective pad for buttocks (503) lower end is provided with lifting oil pressure pump Machine (607c).
6. orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The lifting oil pressure pump machine (607c) The upper end for adjusting pump machine and lifting oil pressure pump machine (607c) for hand is provided with pump machine pedal (607d), first side Body oil pressure pump machine (607a) with described second lean to one side oil pressure pump machine (607b) be power auto-control pump machine.
7. orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Before the bottom end support frame (8) End is provided with two Detachable pedal framves (801) parallel to each other, and the bottom end of two Detachable pedal framves (801) is respectively provided with Have rest pedal frame (802), the horizontal soft band (803) of isolation is provided on the inside of two Detachable pedal framves (801).
8. orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The universal wheel (9) includes rolling It takes turns mounting rack (902), it is fixed brake valve (901) that the upper end of the idler wheel mounting rack (902) is connected with tire.
9. orthopaedics patient safe wheelchair according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The upper packet leg (1001) with it is described It is provided with a circle immobilizing bandage (10011) on the surface of lower packet leg (1002), is arranged on the immobilizing bandage (10011) tensioned It adjusts ring (10012).
CN201810734181.9A 2018-07-06 2018-07-06 Safe wheelchair with nursing function for orthopedic patients Active CN108836655B (en)

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CN206414681U (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-08-18 东华理工大学 Leg strength strengthens training aids
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GB939012A (en) * 1961-08-15 1963-10-09 S G J Ware Alfreton Ltd Improvements in or relating to invalid chairs
JPH09192177A (en) * 1996-01-18 1997-07-29 Daiyamondo Bed Kk Chair-functional bed provided with elevating and lowering mechanism
CN101247749A (en) * 2005-05-17 2008-08-20 欧哈德·帕兹 Multi-position support apparatus featuring a motorized foot support
CN201022802Y (en) * 2007-04-13 2008-02-20 陆向东 Multifunctional wheelchair vehicle
CN201578458U (en) * 2009-12-03 2010-09-15 天津市鑫成新科贸有限公司 Wheel chair with plurality of adjustable parts
US20120211952A1 (en) * 2011-02-17 2012-08-23 Chin-Hsing Tsai Movable Wheelchair Structure
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111544215A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-18 苏颖 Wheelchair type sickbed capable of turning over

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Inventor after: Bi Yanan

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