CN217597947U - Automatic assembly device for special-shaped boxes - Google Patents

Automatic assembly device for special-shaped boxes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217597947U
CN217597947U CN202221621456.6U CN202221621456U CN217597947U CN 217597947 U CN217597947 U CN 217597947U CN 202221621456 U CN202221621456 U CN 202221621456U CN 217597947 U CN217597947 U CN 217597947U
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inner box
manipulator
surface paper
forming
gluing
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CN202221621456.6U
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Chinese (zh)
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王向东
刘海浪
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Shenzhen Hechangshuo Technology Co ltd
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Shenzhen Hechangshuo Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic assembly device for a special-shaped box, which comprises a main body platform; the surface paper bin and the inner box bin are respectively arranged on the side edge of the main body platform; the surface paper feeding mechanical arm and the inner box forming mechanical arm are respectively arranged on the side edges of the surface paper bin and the inner box bin; the surface paper turntable and the inner box turntable are respectively arranged on the side edges of the feeding mechanical arm and the inner box feeding mechanical arm; the glue coating mechanism is arranged on the side edge of the surface paper turntable; the inner box forming manipulator is arranged on the side edge of the inner box turntable; the adhesive tape sticking mechanism is arranged on the side edge of the inner box forming manipulator; the transfer mechanism is arranged on the surface paper rotating disc, the inner box rotating disc and the side edge of at least one integral forming mechanism; at least one integral forming mechanism arranged on the side of the transfer mechanism; and the discharging manipulators are respectively arranged on the corresponding side edges of the integral forming mechanism. The utility model discloses realize the automatic equipment function of dysmorphism box effectively, improve production efficiency.

Description

Automatic assembly device for special-shaped boxes
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an automation equipment technical field especially relates to an automatic assembly device of dysmorphism box.
Background
The special-shaped box forming in the prior art mainly adopts a semi-automatic assembly mode: a. automatically taking surface paper, transferring glue to the surface (binding surface) of the surface paper in a rotary printing mode, and enabling the surface paper after being coated with the glue to flow out along with the main belt line in sequence; b. manually pasting and forming the inner box (angle forming, folding the die-cut gray board on a jig into a three-dimensional shape, and fixing each joint by using an adhesive tape), and placing the formed inner box on a belt line to perform limited conveying towards the main belt line direction; c. the inner box is grabbed by a mechanical arm, placed on the surface paper on the main belt line through visual positioning, bottom lamination is carried out, and the laminated product is conveyed forwards continuously; d. manually taking the product from the top end of the main belt line, finely adjusting the part which is attached and dislocated, manually putting the product into a forming device for three-dimensional attaching forming, manually taking the formed product out, and putting the product into a pressure maintaining jig for pressure maintaining and reinforcing.
The special-shaped box adopting the semi-automatic assembly mode has the following problems: firstly, glue is transferred to the surface of surface paper by adopting a rotary printing mode, because the production process has to carry out pre-die cutting on the surface paper, the incoming material mode of the surface paper is not the most suitable coil material for rotary printing but is an independent sheet material, when the surface paper passes through a roller, the surface paper can only pass through the high-speed running of the roller due to the incapability of installing a clamping and positioning device, and can pass through the roller passively and rapidly, and the risks of inaccurate guiding, glue overflow, easy sticking by the roller coated with the glue, incapability of continuous production and incapability of ensuring the quality exist; secondly, in the process of manually pasting and forming the inner box, because the forming surfaces are more, the manual efficiency is low, the forming consistency cannot be maintained, and the quality problems of incomplete forming, inconsistent forming surface height and the like exist; thirdly, during the lamination of the bottoms of the inner box and the surface paper, due to the limitation of a front-end gluing process, a main belt line must keep continuous operation and cannot pause, the inner box and the surface paper are positioned, although visual deviation correction is realized, the main belt line continuously operates and cannot be avoided to shake, so that positioning deviation is overlarge, and also due to inevitable shaking of the main belt line, when the inner box and the bottom of the surface paper are laminated, deviation occurs again probably, the product quality cannot be guaranteed, a rear-section forming process is caused, and the laminated part needs to be manually adjusted; in the automatic forming process, feeding and discharging are finished manually, so that the efficiency is low; and fifthly, the whole production process needs mutual assistance of equipment and manpower, and the product quality and the production efficiency are inevitably and directly influenced by manual intervention. Therefore, in view of the defects of the above solutions in actual manufacturing and implementation and use, the present invention provides an automatic assembly device for a special-shaped box, which is modified and improved, is based on the spirit and concept of the solution, is assisted by professional knowledge and experience, and is created after many ideas and experiments, so as to solve the above problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide an automatic assembly device of dysmorphism box to in solution above-mentioned problem.
The utility model relates to an automatic assembly device of dysmorphism box can realize through following technical scheme:
the utility model relates to an automatic assembly device for a special-shaped box, which comprises a main body platform which is a main body frame; the device comprises a surface paper bin, a surface paper feeding mechanical arm, a surface paper rotating disc, a gluing mechanism, an inner box bin, an inner box feeding mechanical arm, an inner box rotating disc, an inner box forming mechanical arm, a gluing mechanism, a transferring mechanism, at least one integral forming mechanism and at least one blanking mechanical arm, wherein the surface paper bin, the surface paper feeding mechanical arm, the surface paper rotating disc, the gluing mechanism, the inner box forming mechanical arm, the inner box feeding mechanical arm, the inner box rotating disc, the inner box forming mechanical arm, the gluing mechanism, the transferring mechanism, the at least one integral forming mechanism and the at least one blanking mechanical arm are arranged on the main body platform; the surface paper bin and the inner box bin are respectively arranged on the side edge of the main body platform; the surface paper feeding manipulator and the inner box forming manipulator are respectively arranged on the side edges of the surface paper bin and the inner box bin; the surface paper turntable and the inner box turntable are respectively arranged on the side edges of the feeding manipulator and the inner box feeding manipulator, and the surface paper turntable and the inner box turntable are adjacent; the glue coating mechanism is arranged on the side edge of the surface paper turntable and is used for carrying out glue coating operation on the surface paper; the inner box forming manipulator is arranged on the side edge of the inner box turntable and is used for carrying out forming operation on the inner box and transferring the formed inner box to the adhesive tape sticking mechanism; the adhesive tape sticking mechanism is arranged on the side edge of the inner box forming manipulator and used for sticking adhesive tapes on the formed inner box; the transfer mechanism is arranged on the surface paper rotating disc, the inner box rotating disc and the side edge of at least one integral forming mechanism; at least one integral forming mechanism is arranged on the side edge of the transfer mechanism, and the assembly body is subjected to final forming; and at least one blanking manipulator is respectively arranged at the corresponding side edge of the integral forming mechanism.
In one embodiment, the two integral forming mechanisms are symmetrically arranged at the side of the transfer mechanism; the two blanking manipulators are respectively arranged on the corresponding side edges of the integral forming mechanism.
In one embodiment, the surface paper bin comprises a bin supporting plate, a bin sliding rail, a material tray, a bin power device and a material ejecting device; the two sliding rails are arranged on the bin supporting plate in parallel; the two material trays are movably arranged on the two slide rails and are respectively connected with the stock bin power device; the bin power device is arranged on the bin supporting plate; the two material ejecting devices are respectively arranged below the corresponding material trays.
In one embodiment, the surface paper loading manipulator comprises a loading support rod, a manipulator slide rail, a mechanical manual power device, a manipulator main body and a material sucking disc; at least one feeding support rod is arranged on the main body platform; the manipulator slide rail is fixedly arranged on at least one feeding support rod; the mechanical manual force device is arranged on the side edge of the manipulator slide rail; the manipulator main body is movably arranged on the manipulator slide rail and is connected with the manipulator power device; the material suction disc is arranged below the manipulator main body.
In one embodiment, the glue spreading mechanism comprises a glue spreading support rod, a glue spreading slide rail, a scraper power device, a scraper, a glue spreading disc slide rail, a glue spreading disc power device and a glue spreading disc; at least one gluing support rod is arranged on the main body platform; the gluing slide rail is arranged on at least one gluing support rod; the scraper power device is arranged on the side edge of the gluing slide rail; the scraper is movably arranged on the gluing slide rail and can longitudinally extend and retract; at least one gluing disc sliding rail is arranged on the gluing support rod; the gluing disk is movably arranged on at least one gluing disk sliding rail and is connected with the gluing disk power device; the power device of the gluing disk is arranged on the gluing supporting rod.
In one embodiment, the inner box turntable comprises an inner box turntable body, an inner box turntable rotating device and a plurality of inner box molds; the inner box turntable rotating device is arranged below the inner box turntable main body; a plurality of inner box molds are arranged on the upper surface of the inner box turntable main body, and a molding cavity is arranged in each inner box mold.
In one embodiment, the inner box forming manipulator comprises a supporting seat, a manipulator rotating device, a pressing block telescopic device and a pressing block; the supporting seat is arranged on the main body platform; the manipulator rotating device is arranged on the supporting seat and is connected with the pressing block rotating device; the pressing block rotating device is arranged on the manipulator rotating device; the pressing block telescopic device and the pressing block are sequentially arranged below the pressing block rotating device.
In one embodiment, the transfer mechanism comprises a first slide rail, a first conveying manipulator, a second slide rail, a second conveying manipulator, a third slide rail and a transfer table; the first sliding rail is arranged between the surface paper turntable and the inner box turntable; the first conveying manipulator is movably arranged on the first sliding rail; the second sliding rail and the third sliding rail are sequentially arranged between the surface paper turntable and the integral forming mechanism; the second conveying manipulator is movably arranged on the third slide rail; the transfer platform is movably arranged on the third slide rail.
In one embodiment, the integral forming mechanism comprises a forming support rod, a forming slide rail, a forming manipulator and a forming push rod group; at least one forming support rod is arranged on the main body platform; the forming slide rail is arranged on at least one forming supporting rod; the forming manipulator is movably arranged on the forming slide rail; the forming push rod group is arranged on the main body platform.
In one embodiment, the molded push rod set includes a plurality of push rods and a plurality of cylinders, and each push rod is connected to a corresponding cylinder.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model relates to an automatic assembly device of dysmorphism box's beneficial effect does:
the utility model relates to an automatic assembly device for special-shaped boxes, which respectively picks surface paper and an inner box from different bins through two feeding manipulators and respectively transfers the surface paper and the inner box to two turnplates; transferring the surface paper to the lower part of the gluing mechanism on the surface paper rotating disc to carry out gluing operation; the inner box turntable transfers the inner box to the lower part of the inner box forming manipulator for forming operation, then the inner box formed by the inner box forming manipulator is transferred to the rubberizing mechanism for rubberizing operation, and the inner box forming manipulator transfers the rubberized inner box to the inner box turntable; then, the transfer mechanism transfers the formed inner box subjected to the rubberizing operation on the inner box rotary table to the surface paper subjected to the rubberizing operation on the surface paper rotary table, presses the formed inner box subjected to the rubberizing operation on the surface paper subjected to the rubberizing operation to form an assembly body, and transfers the assembly body to a transfer table from the surface paper rotary table; the assembly on the transfer table is finally formed by at least one integral forming mechanism, and the special-shaped box formed by the corresponding blanking mechanical handle is transferred to the next station, so that the automatic assembly function of the special-shaped box is effectively realized; only manual or mechanical arm is needed for feeding, so that the production efficiency is effectively improved, and the labor cost is reduced; the screen printing gluing is used for replacing rotary printing, so that the inherent application scene limitation of the rotary printing and the production problem caused by the application scene limitation are avoided; meanwhile, the transmission mode of the turntable and the motor is used for replacing belt line transmission, so that the assembly precision of the product is ensured.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention, and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an automatic assembling device for a special-shaped box according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of fig. 1 after the housing is removed;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of a top view structure of the automatic assembling device for the special-shaped box shown in fig. 2, which comprises a surface paper bin, a surface paper feeding manipulator, a surface paper turntable, a gluing mechanism, an inner box turntable, an inner box forming manipulator, a gluing mechanism, a transferring mechanism, an integral forming mechanism and a discharging manipulator;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a surface paper bin in the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of the present invention shown in fig. 3;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a surface paper feeding manipulator in the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of the present invention shown in fig. 3;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a paper rotating disc in the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of the present invention shown in fig. 3;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a gluing mechanism in the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of the present invention shown in fig. 3;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of an inner box turntable in the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of the present invention shown in FIG. 3;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of an inner box forming robot in the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of the present invention shown in fig. 3;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a gluing mechanism in the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of the present invention shown in fig. 3;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a transfer mechanism in the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of the present invention shown in fig. 3;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of an integral forming mechanism in the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of the present invention shown in fig. 3;
fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of a blanking manipulator in the automatic special-shaped box assembling device of the present invention shown in fig. 3.
The figures are marked by: 11, a main body platform; 111, an outer cover; 112, supporting the feet; 113, a wheel; 12, a surface paper bin; 121, a bin support plate; 122, a bin slide rail; 123, a material tray; 124, a bin power device; 125, a liftout device; 13, a surface paper feeding manipulator; 131, a feeding support rod; 132, a robot slide; 133, robot power plant; 134, a robot body; 135, a suction disc; 14, a surface paper turntable; 141, a paper dial main body; 142, a surface paper turntable rotating device; 143, a cover paper mold; 15, a gluing mechanism; 151, gluing a supporting rod; 152, gluing a slide rail; 153, a squeegee power device; 154, a scraper; 155, a glue spreading disc power device; 156, a glue spreading pan; 16, an inner box bin; 17, an inner box feeding manipulator; 18, an inner box turntable; 181, inner case turntable body; 182, inner box turntable rotating device; 183, inner box mold; 19, an inner box forming manipulator; 191, a support seat; 192, a robot rotation device; 193, a briquette rotating device; 194, a compression block telescoping device; 195, briquetting; 20, a gluing mechanism; 201, sticking a rubber base; 202, a rubber disc; 203, a glue feeding device; 204, a glue cutting device; 21, a transfer mechanism; 211, a first slide rail; 212, a first transfer robot; 213, a second slide rail; 214, a second transfer robot; 215, a third slide rail; 216, a transfer table; 22, an integral forming mechanism; 221, forming a support rod; 222, forming a slide rail; 223, a molding manipulator; 224, forming the push rod set; 23, a blanking manipulator; 231, a blanking slide rail; 232, a blanking power device; 233, a feeding manipulator; 234, out-feed conveyor.
Detailed Description
To make the purpose, technical solution and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the attached drawings in the embodiments of the present invention are combined to clearly and completely describe the technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention, and obviously, the described embodiments are part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than all embodiments. The components of the embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the accompanying drawings, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the directions or positional relationships indicated by the terms "upper", "lower", etc. are based on the directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, or the directions or positional relationships usually placed when the products of the present invention are used, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of the description, but not for indicating or implying that the indicated device or element must have a specific direction, be constructed and operated in a specific direction, and therefore should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Further, in the present disclosure, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the first feature may comprise both the first and second features directly contacting each other, and also may comprise the first and second features not being directly contacting each other but being in contact with each other by means of further features between them. Also, the first feature being above, on or above the second feature includes the first feature being directly above and obliquely above the second feature, or merely means that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being below, beneath or beneath a second feature includes the first feature being directly below and obliquely below the second feature or simply indicating that the first feature is at a lesser level than the second feature.
Furthermore, the terms "horizontal", "vertical" and the like do not imply that the components are required to be absolutely horizontal or pendant, but rather may be slightly inclined. For example, "horizontal" merely means that the direction is more horizontal than "vertical" and does not mean that the structure must be perfectly horizontal, but may be slightly inclined.
In the description of the present invention, it should also be noted that, unless explicitly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "disposed," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood as a specific case by those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1-3, an automatic assembly device for a special-shaped box according to the present invention mainly includes a main body platform 11, a surface paper bin 12, a surface paper feeding manipulator 13, a surface paper turntable 14, a glue coating mechanism 15, an inner box bin 16, an inner box feeding manipulator 17, an inner box turntable 18, an inner box forming manipulator 19, a glue coating mechanism 20, a transfer mechanism 21, at least one integral forming mechanism 22, and at least one blanking manipulator 23; the main body platform 11 is a main body frame; the surface paper bin 12, the surface paper feeding manipulator 13, the surface paper rotating disc 14, the gluing mechanism 15, the inner box bin 16, the inner box feeding manipulator 17, the inner box rotating disc 18, the inner box forming manipulator 19, the gluing mechanism 20, the transferring mechanism 21, at least one integral forming mechanism 22 and at least one blanking manipulator 23 are all arranged on the main body platform 11; the surface paper bin 12 is arranged on the side edge of the main body platform 11, and a plurality of surface papers are stacked on the surface paper bin; the surface paper feeding manipulator 13 is arranged on the side of the surface paper bin 12 and is used for transferring the surface paper in the surface paper bin 12 to the surface paper rotating disc 14; the surface paper rotating disc 14 is arranged on the side edge of the feeding manipulator 13 and can rotate to the lower part of the gluing mechanism 15; the glue coating mechanism 15 is arranged on the side edge of the surface paper rotating disc 14 and is used for coating glue on the surface paper arranged on the surface paper rotating disc 14 right below the glue coating mechanism; the inner box bin 16 is arranged on the side of the main body platform 11 and opposite to the surface paper bin 12, and a plurality of inner boxes are stacked on the inner box bin; the inner box feeding manipulator 17 is arranged on the side of the inner box bin 16 and is used for transferring the inner boxes of the inner box bin 16 to the inner box turntable 18; the inner box turntable 18 is arranged on the side of the inner box feeding manipulator 17, is adjacent to the surface paper turntable 14, and can rotate below the inner box forming manipulator 19; the inner box forming manipulator 19 is arranged on the side edge of the inner box turntable 18 and is used for forming an inner box arranged on the inner box turntable 18 right below the inner box forming manipulator 19, and the inner box forming manipulator 19 can rotate to the gluing mechanism 20; the gluing mechanism 20 is arranged on the side edge of the inner box forming manipulator 19 and is used for gluing the formed inner box on the inner box forming manipulator 19; the transfer mechanism 21 is arranged at the side edges of the surface paper turntable 14, the inner box turntable 18 and at least one integral forming mechanism 22, the transfer mechanism 21 firstly transfers the inner box which is arranged on the inner box turntable 18 and is glued to the surface paper which is coated on the surface paper turntable 14, and then transfers the assembly to at least one integral forming mechanism 22; at least one integral forming mechanism 22 is arranged at the side of the transfer mechanism 21 and used for carrying out final forming on the assembly conveyed by the transfer mechanism 21; at least one of the feeding manipulators 23 is respectively arranged at the side of the corresponding integral forming mechanism 22 and conveys the assembled box body.
Referring to fig. 1, in this embodiment, an outer cover 112 is disposed above the main body platform 11, and the outer cover 112 covers the exterior paper bin 12, the exterior paper feeding manipulator 13, the exterior paper rotating disc 14, the glue coating mechanism 15, the inner box bin 16, the inner box feeding manipulator 17, the inner box rotating disc 18, the inner box forming manipulator 19, the gluing mechanism 20, the transferring mechanism 21, at least one integral forming mechanism 22, and at least one discharging manipulator 23; a plurality of supporting feet 112 and a plurality of wheels 113 are arranged below the main body platform 11. In some embodiments, the height of the support feet 112 can be adjusted to facilitate maintaining the level of the subject platform 11. In other embodiments, the wheels 113 are provided with brakes to prevent the body platform 11 from sliding by mistake.
Referring to fig. 2 and fig. 3, in the present embodiment, two integral forming mechanisms 22 are symmetrically disposed at the side of the transferring mechanism 21, so that the integral forming efficiency is improved; the two blanking manipulators 23 are respectively arranged at the side edges of the corresponding integral forming mechanism 22. In other embodiments, the number of the integral forming mechanisms 22 may also be one, three or more, and the number is set according to actual requirements; the number of the blanking manipulators 23 is consistent with that of the integral forming mechanisms 22 and is arranged on the side corresponding to the integral forming mechanisms 22.
Referring to fig. 2-4, in the present embodiment, the surface paper bin 12 includes a bin supporting plate 121, a bin sliding rail 122, a tray 123, a bin power device 124, and an ejecting device 125; the two slide rails 122 are arranged on the bin support plate 121 in parallel; the two charging trays 123 are movably arranged on the two slide rails 122 and are respectively connected with the stock bin power device 124; the bin power device 124 is arranged on the bin supporting plate 121 and respectively drives the corresponding material trays 123 to move on the sliding rails 122, so that the two material trays 123 can be separately fed, and the production efficiency is improved; the two material ejecting devices 125 are respectively arranged below the corresponding material trays 123, and the material ejecting devices 125 move upwards to convey the surface paper on the corresponding material trays 123 to the surface paper feeding manipulator 13 for adsorption and transfer to the surface paper turntable 14. In this embodiment, the bin power device 124 is a servo motor.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 5, the surface paper loading manipulator 13 includes a loading support rod 131, a manipulator slide rail 132, a mechanical manual power device 133, a manipulator main body 134 and a material suction tray 135; at least one feeding support rod 131 is arranged on the main body platform 11; the manipulator slide rail 132 is fixedly arranged on at least one feeding support rod 131; the mechanical-manual force device 133 is arranged on the side of the manipulator slide rail 132; the manipulator main body 134 is movably arranged on the manipulator slide rail 132, is connected with the manipulator power device 133, and moves on the manipulator slide rail 132 under the driving of the manipulator power device 133; the suction tray 135 is disposed below the manipulator main body 134 and moves along with the movement of the manipulator main body 134, the suction tray 135 sucks the surface paper on the surface paper bin 12, and then the mechanical manual force device 133 drives the manipulator main body 134 to move on the manipulator slide rail 132, so as to transfer the surface paper to the surface paper turntable 14. In this embodiment, the two feeding support rods 131 are disposed in parallel on the main body platform 11, and the manipulator slide rail 132 is disposed on the two feeding support rods 131; the mechanical and manual power device 133 adopts a servo motor; the material suction disc 135 adopts a vacuum suction cup.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 6, the form dial 14 includes a form dial body 141, a form dial rotating device 142 and a plurality of form molds 143; the meter paper turntable rotating device 142 is arranged below the meter paper turntable main body 141 and drives the meter paper turntable main body 141 to rotate; the plurality of cover sheet molds 143 are provided on the upper surface of the cover sheet tray body 141, and attract the cover sheets transported by the cover sheet feeding robot 13. In this embodiment, the form dial body 141 is shaped as a circular disk; the chart turntable rotating device 142 adopts a servo motor, and can accurately control the rotation angle of the chart turntable main body 141; the surface paper rotating device 142 can drive the surface paper on the surface paper die 143 to move to the position right below the gluing mechanism 15 for gluing. In this embodiment, four surface paper molds 143 are symmetrically and equidistantly arranged on the surface paper turntable main body 141, and the surface paper molds 143 are vacuum chucks for sucking the surface paper arranged thereon; in other embodiments, the number of the form dies 143 may also be three, five or other numbers, and the number of the form dies 143 is set according to actual requirements.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 7, the glue spreading mechanism 15 includes a glue spreading support rod 151, a glue spreading slide rail 152, a scraper power device 153, a scraper 154, a glue spreading tray slide rail (not shown), a glue spreading tray power device 155 and a glue spreading tray 156; at least one gluing support rod 151 is arranged on the main body platform 11; the gluing slide rail 152 is arranged on at least one gluing support rod 151; the scraper power device 153 is arranged on the side of the gluing slide rail 152; the scraping plate 154 is movably arranged on the gluing sliding rail 152, and can move on the gluing sliding rail 152 under the driving of the scraping plate power device 153, and the scraping plate 154 can longitudinally extend and retract and can scrape the surface paper; at least one gluing disk slide rail (not shown) is arranged on the gluing support rod 151; the gluing disk 156 is movably arranged on at least one gluing disk slide rail (not shown) and is connected with the gluing disk power device 155; the gluing disk power device 155 is arranged on the gluing support rod 151 and drives the gluing disk 156 to move in the longitudinal direction. In the present embodiment, the squeegee power device 153 employs a servo motor; the glue spreading disc power device 155 is a cylinder.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, in the embodiment, the structures of the inner box bin 16 and the inner box feeding manipulator 17 are similar to the structures of the surface paper bin 12 and the surface paper feeding manipulator 13, respectively, and thus detailed descriptions thereof are omitted.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 8, the inner box turntable 18 includes an inner box turntable main body 181, an inner box turntable rotating device 182 and a plurality of inner box molds 183; the inner box turntable rotating device 182 is arranged below the inner box turntable main body 181 and drives the inner box turntable main body 181 to rotate; a plurality of interior box mould 183 sets up the upper surface of interior box carousel main part 181, be provided with the shaping cavity on the interior box mould 18, interior box mould 183 is to the surface paper that interior box material loading manipulator 17 transports adsorbs. In this embodiment, the inner cartridge turntable main body 181 is shaped as a circular disk; the inner box turntable rotating device 182 adopts a servo motor, and the rotation angle of the inner box turntable main body 18 can be accurately controlled; the inner box turntable rotating device 182 can drive the surface paper on the inner box die 183 to move to the position right below the inner box forming manipulator to perform inner box forming operation. In this embodiment, four inner box surface paper dies 183 are symmetrically and equidistantly arranged on the inner box turntable main body 181, and the inner box dies 183 adopt vacuum chucks to suck surface paper arranged thereon; in other embodiments, the number of the inner box molds 183 may also be three, five or a plurality of other inner box molds 183, and the number of the inner box molds 183 is set according to actual requirements.
Referring to fig. 2, fig. 3 and fig. 9, the inner box forming manipulator 19 includes a support base 191, a manipulator rotating device 192, a pressing block rotating device 193, a pressing block retracting device 194 and a pressing block 195; the supporting seat 191 is arranged on the main body platform 11; the manipulator rotating device 192 is arranged on the supporting seat 191 and connected with the pressing block rotating device 193, and drives the pressing block 195 to move to the gluing mechanism 20 for gluing; the pressing block rotating device 193 is arranged on the manipulator rotating device 192 and drives the pressing block 195 to rotate 360 degrees, so that the gluing mechanism 20 can glue the formed inner box adsorbed on the pressing block 195 for 360 degrees; the pressing block telescoping device 194 and the pressing block 195 are sequentially arranged below the pressing block rotating device 193, and the pressing block telescoping device 194 drives the pressing block 195 to move longitudinally, so that the pressing block 195 is driven to move downwards to press and form the inner box on the inner box turntable 18 arranged right below the pressing block 195; the side and the bottom of briquetting 195 are provided with vacuum chuck, make briquetting 195 can adsorb the interior box after the shaping, thereby transport rubberizing mechanism 20 carries out the rubberizing operation. In this embodiment, the manipulator rotating device 192 includes a servo motor and a rotating shaft, the servo motor is disposed in the supporting seat 191, one end of the rotating shaft is connected to the rotating shaft of the servo motor, and the other end of the rotating shaft is connected to the pressing block rotating device 193, the servo motor drives the rotating shaft to rotate, and the rotating shaft drives the pressing block 195 to move; the briquetting rotating device 193 adopts a servo motor, and the telescopic device 194 adopts a telescopic cylinder.
Referring to fig. 2, fig. 3 and fig. 10, in the present embodiment, the adhesive applying mechanism 20 includes an adhesive applying base 201, an adhesive tray 202, an adhesive feeding device 203 and an adhesive cutting device 204; the rubberizing base 201 is arranged on the main body platform 11; the rubber disc 202 is movably arranged on the rubberizing base 201, and an adhesive tape is wound on the rubber disc; the adhesive feeding device 203 is arranged on the adhesive tape sticking base 201 and on the side edge of the adhesive tape tray 202, and is used for pulling the adhesive tape of the adhesive tape tray 202 and winding the adhesive tape on the outer side of the inner box transferred by the inner box forming manipulator 19; the adhesive cutting device 204 is arranged on the adhesive sticking base 201 and on the side edge of the adhesive feeding device 203, and is used for cutting adhesive tapes.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 11, the transfer mechanism 21 includes a first slide rail 211, a first transfer robot 212, a third slide rail 215, a second transfer robot 214, a third slide rail 215 and a transfer platform 216; the first slide rail 211 is arranged between the paper surface rotary disc 14 and the inner box rotary disc 18; the first conveying manipulator 211 is movably arranged on the first slide rail 211 and is used for transferring the formed inner box which is subjected to the gluing operation on the inner box turntable 18 to the surface paper which is subjected to the gluing operation on the surface paper turntable 14; the third slide rail 215 and the third slide rail 215 are sequentially arranged between the paper surface turntable 14 and the integral forming mechanism 22; the second conveying manipulator 214 is movably disposed on the third slide rail 215, and presses the formed inner box of the pasting operation on the surface paper turntable 14 onto the surface paper on which the pasting operation is completed to form an assembly, and then conveys the assembly from the surface paper turntable 14 to the transfer table 216; the transfer platform 216 is movably disposed on the third slide rail 21. In this embodiment, the first transfer robot 212 and the second transfer robot 214 include a power device and a robot body, and the power device drives the robot body to move on the first slide rail 211 and the second slide rail 212 respectively; the power device adopts a servo motor. In this embodiment, the transfer platform 216 includes a power device and a transfer platform body, and the power device drives the transfer platform body to move on the third slide rail 215; the power device adopts a servo motor, and a vacuum chuck is arranged on the transfer platform body and adsorbs an assembly arranged on the transfer platform body.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 12, the integral forming mechanism 22 includes a forming support rod 221, a forming slide rail 222, a forming robot 223 and a forming push rod set 224; at least one of the molding support rods 221 is disposed on the main body platform 11; the forming slide rail 222 is arranged on at least one forming support rod 221; the forming robot 223 is movably disposed on the forming slide 222, and transfers the assembly on the transfer table 216 to the forming pusher set 224; the forming push rod set 224 is disposed on the main platform 11, and performs the final forming operation on the assembled body. In this embodiment, the molding robot 223 includes a power device and a robot body, and the power device drives the robot body to move on the molding slide 222; the power device adopts a servo motor. In this embodiment, the molding push rod set 224 includes a plurality of push rods and a plurality of cylinders, each push rod is connected to a corresponding cylinder, and the last molding is performed on the assembly under the driving of the corresponding cylinder.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 13, the blanking manipulator 23 includes a blanking slide rail 231, a blanking power device 232, a blanking manipulator 233 and a discharge conveyor 234; the blanking slide rail 231 is arranged above the main body platform 11 through a support frame, and the blanking power device 232 is arranged on the side edge of the blanking slide rail 231; the blanking manipulator 233 is movably arranged on the blanking slide rail 231 and transfers the formed special-shaped box to the discharging conveyor 234; the outfeed conveyor 234 is disposed below the blanking robot 233 and transports the formed profile boxes to the next station. In this embodiment, the blanking power device 232 is a servo motor; and a vacuum sucker is arranged on the blanking manipulator 233 and is used for transferring the formed special-shaped box.
It should be noted that, in the automatic assembly device for the special-shaped boxes of the present invention, the surface paper feeding manipulator 13 and the inner box feeding manipulator 17 respectively grab the surface paper and the inner box from the surface paper bin 12 and the inner box bin 16, and then respectively transfer the surface paper and the inner box to the surface paper rotating disc 14 and the inner box rotating disc 18; the surface paper on the surface paper rotating disc 14 moves to the lower part of the gluing mechanism 15 for gluing operation; the inner box on the inner box turntable 18 moves to the position below the inner box forming manipulator 19 for forming operation, then the inner box forming manipulator 19 transfers the formed inner box to the gluing mechanism 20 for gluing operation, the inner box forming manipulator 19 transfers the glued inner box to the inner box turntable 18, then the transfer mechanism 21 transfers the formed inner box on the inner box turntable 18 after gluing operation to the surface paper on the surface paper turntable 14 after gluing operation, then the formed inner box on the surface paper turntable 14 after gluing operation is pressed on the surface paper after gluing operation to form an assembly, and then the assembly is transferred to the transfer table 216 from the surface paper turntable 14; and at least one integral forming mechanism 22 carries out final forming on the assembly on the transfer platform 216, and the corresponding blanking manipulator 23 transfers the formed special-shaped box to the next station to complete the automatic assembly process of the whole special-shaped box.
The technical features of the embodiments described above may be arbitrarily combined, and for the sake of brevity, all possible combinations of the technical features in the embodiments described above are not described, but should be considered as being within the scope of the present specification as long as there is no contradiction between the combinations of the technical features.
The above-mentioned embodiments only represent some embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is specific and detailed, but not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, several variations and modifications can be made, which are within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic assembling device for special-shaped boxes is characterized by comprising a main body platform which is a main body frame; the device comprises a surface paper bin, a surface paper feeding mechanical arm, a surface paper rotating disc, a gluing mechanism, an inner box bin, an inner box feeding mechanical arm, an inner box rotating disc, an inner box forming mechanical arm, a gluing mechanism, a transferring mechanism, at least one integral forming mechanism and at least one blanking mechanical arm, wherein the surface paper bin, the surface paper feeding mechanical arm, the surface paper rotating disc, the gluing mechanism, the inner box forming mechanical arm, the inner box feeding mechanical arm, the inner box rotating disc, the inner box forming mechanical arm, the gluing mechanism, the transferring mechanism, the at least one integral forming mechanism and the at least one blanking mechanical arm are arranged on the main body platform; the surface paper bin and the inner box bin are respectively arranged on the side edge of the main body platform; the surface paper feeding manipulator and the inner box forming manipulator are respectively arranged on the side edges of the surface paper bin and the inner box bin; the surface paper turntable and the inner box turntable are respectively arranged on the side edges of the feeding mechanical arm and the inner box feeding mechanical arm, and the surface paper turntable and the inner box turntable are adjacent; the glue coating mechanism is arranged on the side edge of the surface paper turntable and is used for carrying out glue coating operation on the surface paper; the inner box forming manipulator is arranged on the side edge of the inner box turntable and is used for carrying out forming operation on the inner box and transferring the formed inner box to the adhesive tape sticking mechanism; the adhesive tape sticking mechanism is arranged on the side edge of the inner box forming manipulator and is used for sticking adhesive tapes to the formed inner box; the transfer mechanism is arranged on the surface paper rotating disc, the inner box rotating disc and the side edge of at least one integral forming mechanism; at least one integral forming mechanism is arranged on the side edge of the transfer mechanism, and the assembly body is subjected to final forming; and at least one blanking manipulator is respectively arranged at the corresponding side edge of the integral forming mechanism.
2. The automatic special-shaped box assembling device according to claim 1, wherein the two integral forming mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on the side of the transfer mechanism; the two blanking manipulators are respectively arranged at the corresponding side edges of the integral forming mechanism.
3. The automatic special-shaped box assembling device according to claim 1, wherein the surface paper bin comprises a bin supporting plate, a bin sliding rail, a material tray, a bin power device and a material ejecting device; the two sliding rails are arranged on the bin supporting plate in parallel; the two material trays are movably arranged on the two slide rails and are respectively connected with the stock bin power device; the bin power device is arranged on the bin supporting plate; the two material ejecting devices are respectively arranged below the corresponding material trays.
4. The automatic special-shaped box assembling device according to claim 1, wherein the surface paper feeding manipulator comprises a feeding support rod, a manipulator slide rail, a mechanical manual force device, a manipulator main body and a material sucking disc; at least one feeding support rod is arranged on the main body platform; the manipulator slide rail is fixedly arranged on at least one feeding support rod; the mechanical manual force device is arranged on the side edge of the manipulator slide rail; the manipulator main body is movably arranged on the manipulator slide rail and is connected with the manipulator power device; the material suction disc is arranged below the manipulator main body.
5. The automatic special-shaped box assembling device according to claim 1, wherein the gluing mechanism comprises a gluing support rod, a gluing slide rail, a scraper power device, a scraper, a gluing plate slide rail, a gluing plate power device and a gluing plate; at least one gluing support rod is arranged on the main body platform; the gluing slide rail is arranged on at least one gluing support rod; the scraper power device is arranged on the side edge of the gluing slide rail; the scraper is movably arranged on the gluing slide rail and can stretch out and draw back in the longitudinal direction; at least one gluing disc sliding rail is arranged on the gluing support rod; the gluing disk is movably arranged on at least one gluing disk sliding rail and is connected with the gluing disk power device; the glue coating disc power device is arranged on the glue coating supporting rod.
6. The automatic special-shaped box assembling device according to claim 1, wherein the inner box turntable comprises an inner box turntable main body, an inner box turntable rotating device and a plurality of inner box molds; the inner box turntable rotating device is arranged below the inner box turntable main body; a plurality of inner box molds are arranged on the upper surface of the inner box turntable main body, and a molding cavity is arranged in each inner box mold.
7. The automatic special-shaped box assembling device according to claim 1, wherein the inner box forming manipulator comprises a supporting seat, a manipulator rotating device, a pressing block telescopic device and a pressing block; the supporting seat is arranged on the main body platform; the manipulator rotating device is arranged on the supporting seat and is connected with the pressing block rotating device; the pressing block rotating device is arranged on the manipulator rotating device; the pressing block telescopic device and the pressing block are sequentially arranged below the pressing block rotating device.
8. The automatic special-shaped box assembling device according to claim 1, wherein the transfer mechanism comprises a first slide rail, a first conveying manipulator, a second slide rail, a second conveying manipulator, a third slide rail and a transfer table; the first sliding rail is arranged between the surface paper turntable and the inner box turntable; the first conveying manipulator is movably arranged on the first slide rail; the second sliding rail and the third sliding rail are sequentially arranged between the surface paper turntable and the integral forming mechanism; the second conveying manipulator is movably arranged on the third slide rail; the transfer platform is movably arranged on the third slide rail.
9. The automatic special-shaped box assembling device according to claim 1, wherein the integral forming mechanism comprises a forming support rod, a forming slide rail, a forming manipulator and a forming push rod group; at least one forming support rod is arranged on the main body platform; the forming slide rail is arranged on at least one forming support rod; the molding manipulator is movably arranged on the molding slide rail; the forming push rod group is arranged on the main body platform.
10. The automatic special-shaped box assembling device according to claim 9, wherein the forming push rod group comprises a plurality of push rods and a plurality of air cylinders, and each push rod is connected with the corresponding air cylinder.
CN202221621456.6U 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 Automatic assembly device for special-shaped boxes Active CN217597947U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221621456.6U CN217597947U (en) 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 Automatic assembly device for special-shaped boxes

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221621456.6U CN217597947U (en) 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 Automatic assembly device for special-shaped boxes

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN217597947U true CN217597947U (en) 2022-10-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202221621456.6U Active CN217597947U (en) 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 Automatic assembly device for special-shaped boxes

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116871126A (en) * 2023-09-06 2023-10-13 常州普雷特印刷科技有限公司 Scraping plate rubberizing machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116871126A (en) * 2023-09-06 2023-10-13 常州普雷特印刷科技有限公司 Scraping plate rubberizing machine
CN116871126B (en) * 2023-09-06 2023-11-28 常州普雷特印刷科技有限公司 Scraping plate rubberizing machine

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