CN216503388U - Turning and milling combined type machine tool - Google Patents

Turning and milling combined type machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216503388U
CN216503388U CN202122794612.0U CN202122794612U CN216503388U CN 216503388 U CN216503388 U CN 216503388U CN 202122794612 U CN202122794612 U CN 202122794612U CN 216503388 U CN216503388 U CN 216503388U
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turning
mounting platform
milling
machine tool
tool according
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CN202122794612.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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朱武兵
秦仕伟
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Chongqing Yichi Machinery Co ltd
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Chongqing Yichi Machinery Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a turning and milling combined type processing machine tool, wherein a first mounting platform and a second mounting platform which are distributed along the height direction of a machine tool body are arranged on the machine tool body; the first mounting platform is provided with a turning spindle box and a turning tool seat, a spindle of the turning spindle box is provided with a clamping mechanism, the turning tool seat is assembled on the first mounting platform through a lower moving module, and the lower moving module can drive the turning tool seat to move along the length direction and the width direction of the first mounting platform; the second mounting platform is provided with a milling spindle box through an upper moving die set, and the upper moving die set can drive the milling spindle box to move along the left and right directions, the front and back directions and the up and down directions of the lathe bed. The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the turning and milling can be completed on the same machine tool, the part clamping times can be reduced, and the machining precision can be improved.

Description

Turning and milling combined type machine tool
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of machining, and particularly relates to a turning and milling combined type machining tool.
Background
Lathe and milling machine are two kinds of machining equipment that use very extensively in the machining trade, and wherein, lathe mainly is used for processing the part with the mode of turning, and its course of working is: the part is clamped on a lathe spindle, the spindle drives the part to rotate, and then turning can be completed through the transverse and longitudinal movement of a turning tool. The milling machine is mainly used for processing parts in a milling mode, and the processing process comprises the following steps: the part is fixedly clamped on a clamp of the workbench, and then milling can be completed through the rotation motion of the milling cutter.
In the actual machining and manufacturing process, for most metal parts, two machining modes of turning and milling are often needed to complete the machining of the parts, in the prior art, for the machining of the parts, the parts must be switched between a lathe and a milling machine, and the final machining precision of the parts must be influenced by frequent clamping of the parts.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model provides a turning and milling combined machine tool, which can complete turning and milling on the same machine tool, and is beneficial to reducing the clamping times of parts and improving the machining precision.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
the utility model provides a turning and milling combined type machine tool which the key lies in: the device comprises a lathe bed, wherein a first mounting platform and a second mounting platform which are distributed along the height direction of the lathe bed are mounted on the lathe bed;
the first mounting platform is provided with a turning spindle box and a turning tool seat, a spindle of the turning spindle box is provided with a clamping mechanism, the turning tool seat is assembled on the first mounting platform through a lower moving module, and the lower moving module can drive the turning tool seat to move along the length direction and the width direction of the first mounting platform;
the second mounting platform is provided with a milling spindle box through an upper moving die set, and the upper moving die set can drive the milling spindle box to move along the left and right, front and back and up and down directions of the lathe bed.
By adopting the machine tool, two machining modes of turning and milling can be realized. Wherein, the processing procedure of turning processing is as follows: the part is clamped on the clamping mechanism, the turning spindle box drives the part to rotate, and the moving die set is moved downwards to drive the tool apron to move in a feeding mode, so that turning can be completed; the milling process comprises the following steps: the part is clamped on the clamping mechanism, the main shaft of the turning main shaft box is self-locked, and the upper moving die set drives the milling main shaft box to move, so that the milling processing can be completed.
No matter turning or milling, the part is clamped on the clamping mechanism, so that clamping errors caused by frequent clamping of the part are avoided, and the machining precision can be improved.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the first installation platform is provided with the supporting tailstock, and the rotating workbench is detachably assembled between the supporting tailstock and the main shaft.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the clamping mechanism is a three-jaw chuck, a supporting hole coaxial and right opposite to the clamping center of the three-jaw chuck is formed in the upper end of the supporting tailstock, positioning shafts are arranged at the two ends of the rotary worktable, one positioning shaft is fixed on the three-jaw chuck, and the other positioning shaft is rotatably supported in the supporting hole. Adopt above-mentioned structure to the assembly swivel work head.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the three-jaw chuck comprises a clamping seat and three groups of clamping jaws arranged on the end face of the clamping seat, wherein three groups of positioning blocks are arranged at one end, close to the three-jaw chuck, of the rotary workbench, the three groups of positioning blocks and the three groups of clamping jaws are sequentially and alternately distributed along the circumferential direction of a positioning shaft, and the positioning blocks are fixedly connected with the end face of the clamping seat. By adopting the structure, the stability of the fixed connection between the rotary workbench and the three-jaw chuck can be ensured, so that the milling precision is ensured.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: and T-shaped grooves are distributed on the surface of the upper side of the rotary workbench. By adopting the structure, the milling clamp is convenient to mount.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the first mounting platform is provided with a guide rail extending along the length direction of the first mounting platform, and the support tailstock is assembled on the guide rail in a sliding mode. By adopting the structure, when the rotary worktable is not used, the supporting tailstock is convenient to move away, so that the milling processing is convenient.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the first mounting platform is obliquely arranged on the bed body, the mounting height of the front end of the first mounting platform is lower than that of the rear end of the first mounting platform, and the lathe tool seat and the lower moving module are arranged at the rear end of the first mounting platform. By adopting the structure, the first mounting platform is obliquely arranged, so that the space in the height direction of the rear end of the machine tool can be utilized, and the machine tool is more compact in structure.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the lathe bed is provided with an installation inclined plane and a vertical frame extending upwards from the rear end of the installation inclined plane, the top of the vertical frame is provided with an installation plane, and the first installation platform and the second installation platform are fixedly installed on the installation inclined plane and the installation plane respectively. The structure is adopted, so that the assembly is convenient.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. the lathe can carry out turning and mill, and to the part that needs two kinds of processing modes of turn-milling just can accomplish processing, avoided the produced clamping error of frequent clamping, accord with the concentrated principle of process, can show the promotion machining precision.
2. When a part is clamped on the three-jaw chuck for milling, the main shaft of the turning main shaft box rotates, the functions of indexing and rotary linkage machining can be achieved, the number of working shafts of the milling machine is increased, and the milling machine can be suitable for milling more complex parts.
3. The machine tool is detachably provided with the rotary working table, and when the machine tool is specially used for milling, parts have better clamping strength.
4. Turning and milling integrated design can reduce equipment purchase quantity and cost for small and medium-sized processing and manufacturing enterprises.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a machine tool;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a rotary table mounted on a machine tool;
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the rotary table in assembly connection with the clamping mechanism and the support tailstock;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a rotary table;
FIG. 5 is another schematic view of the machine tool;
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following examples and the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a turning and milling combined machine tool structurally comprises a machine body 1, a first mounting platform 2 is assembled on the machine body 1, a turning spindle box 4 and a turning tool base 5 are arranged on the first mounting platform 2, a clamping mechanism 4b is arranged on a main shaft 4a of the turning spindle box 4, a cutter head 5b and a motor 5a driving the cutter head 5b to rotate are installed on the turning tool base 5, the turning tool base 5 is assembled on the first mounting platform 2 through a lower moving module 6, and the lower moving module 6 can drive the turning tool base 5 to move along the length direction and the width direction of the first mounting platform 2.
The lathe bed 1 is provided with a second mounting platform 3 above the first mounting platform 2, a milling spindle box 8 is assembled on the second mounting platform 3 through an upper moving module 7, and the upper moving module 7 can drive the milling spindle box 8 to move along the left and right, front and back and up and down directions of the lathe bed 1.
As shown in fig. 1, in this embodiment, the clamping mechanism 4b is a three-jaw chuck, and after the part is clamped on the three-jaw chuck, the turning spindle box 4 drives the part to rotate, and the downward moving module 6 drives the cutter head 5b of the cutter holder 5 to perform a feeding motion, so as to complete the turning. After a part is clamped on the three-jaw chuck, if the main shaft 4a of the turning spindle box 4 is self-locked, the moving module 7 is moved upwards to drive the milling spindle box 8 to move, and then milling can be completed. For parts which need to be machined by two turning and milling modes, no matter turning or milling, the parts are clamped on the three-jaw chuck, so that clamping errors caused by frequent clamping of the parts are avoided, and the machining precision can be improved. Meanwhile, when a part is clamped on the three-jaw chuck for milling, if the main shaft 4a of the turning spindle box 4 rotates for a certain angle, the functions of indexing and rotary linkage machining can be achieved, the number of working shafts of the milling machine is increased, and the milling machine can be suitable for parts with more complex milling procedures.
In the present embodiment, the lower moving die set 6 includes a first linear guide assembly 6a and a second linear guide assembly 6b which are vertically arranged, the upper moving die set 7 includes a third linear guide assembly 7a, a fourth linear guide assembly 7b and a fifth linear guide assembly 7c, the third linear guide assembly 7a, the fourth linear guide assembly 7b and the fifth linear guide assembly 7c are mutually perpendicular in space, and the first linear guide assembly 6a, the second linear guide assembly 6b, the third linear guide assembly 7a, the fourth linear guide assembly 7b and the fifth linear guide assembly 7c are all driven by independent screw and nut mechanisms.
As shown in fig. 2, the first mounting platform 2 is provided with a supporting tailstock 9, a rotary table 10 is detachably mounted between the supporting tailstock 9 and the spindle 4a, and after the rotary table 10 is mounted between the supporting tailstock 9 and the spindle 4a, a special milling fixture can be mounted on the rotary table 10, so that the machine tool becomes a special milling machine, the stability of part clamping can be better ensured, and the milling precision is further improved. For convenient installation, the first installation platform 2 is provided with two groups of guide rails 2a extending along the length direction thereof, and the support tailstock 9 is assembled on the two groups of guide rails 2a in a sliding manner, so that the support tailstock 9 can be moved away when the rotary workbench 10 is not used, and the interference on the movement of other parts on the machine tool is avoided. The sliding of the support tailstock 9 on the guide rail 2a can also be controlled by a screw-nut mechanism, and the self-locking function of the screw-nut mechanism can fixedly hold the support tailstock 9 at the use position.
Further, referring to fig. 3 and 4, the three-jaw chuck includes a clamping seat 4b1 and three sets of jaws 4b2 mounted on an end surface of the clamping seat 4b1, a support hole 9a coaxially aligned with a clamping center of the three-jaw chuck is provided at an upper end of the support tailstock 9, positioning shafts 10a are provided at two ends of the rotary table 10, three sets of positioning blocks 10b are provided at one end of the rotary table 10 close to the three-jaw chuck, after the rotary table 10 is assembled on the machine tool, the positioning shaft 10a at a left end is fixed in the three sets of jaws 4b2, the positioning shaft 10a at a right end is rotatably supported in the support hole 9a, the three sets of positioning blocks 10b are fixedly connected with an end surface of the clamping seat 4b1 by bolts, the three sets of positioning blocks 10b and the three sets of jaws 4b2 are sequentially and alternately distributed along a circumferential direction of the positioning shafts 10a, such an assembly structure can not only ensure stability of the left end of the rotary table 10 in assembly connection with the clamping mechanism 4b, but also helps to ensure the indexing accuracy of the spindle 4a during milling.
As shown in fig. 4, a T-shaped groove 10c is formed in the upper surface of the rotary table 10 to facilitate the installation of the milling jig on the rotary table 10 during the milling process.
For making things convenient for the unit mount, be equipped with installation inclined plane 1a on the lathe bed 1, installation inclined plane 1a rear end is equipped with the grudging post 1b that upwards extends, grudging post 1b top has mounting surface 1c, first mounting platform 2 and second mounting platform 3 are fixed mounting respectively on installation inclined plane 1a and mounting surface 1c, wherein, first mounting platform 2 is the back on installation inclined plane 1a admittedly, first mounting platform 2 is the high washing gesture in low back in front, such structural design not only can make swivel work head 10 more be close to the headstock of its top and mill 8, and can stand up 1 rear portion space make the lathe bed fully utilized, make the lathe structure more compact.
As shown in fig. 5, when the rotary table 10 is not installed on the machine tool, the center 11 may be installed on the supporting tailstock 9, so that the machine tool can clamp longer parts, and the machining precision and stability of long-axis parts are improved.
Finally, it should be noted that the above-mentioned description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make various similar representations without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a turning and milling combined type machine tool which characterized in that: the device comprises a lathe bed (1), wherein a first mounting platform (2) and a second mounting platform (3) which are distributed along the height direction of the lathe bed (1) are mounted on the lathe bed (1);
the turning spindle box (4) and the turning tool seat (5) are arranged on the first mounting platform (2), a clamping mechanism (4b) is arranged on a spindle (4a) of the turning spindle box (4), the turning tool seat (5) is assembled on the first mounting platform (2) through the lower moving module (6), and the lower moving module (6) can drive the turning tool seat (5) to move along the length direction and the width direction of the first mounting platform (2);
the milling spindle box (8) is assembled on the second mounting platform (3) through the upper moving module (7), and the upper moving module (7) can drive the milling spindle box (8) to move along the left and right directions, the front and back directions and the up and down directions of the lathe bed (1).
2. The turning and milling composite machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the milling fixture is characterized in that a supporting tailstock (9) is arranged on the first mounting platform (2), a rotary workbench (10) is detachably assembled between the supporting tailstock (9) and the spindle (4a), and the rotary workbench (10) is used for mounting the milling fixture.
3. The turning and milling composite machine tool according to claim 2, characterized in that: the clamping mechanism (4b) is a three-jaw chuck, a supporting hole (9a) coaxial and opposite to the clamping center of the three-jaw chuck is formed in the upper end of the supporting tailstock (9), positioning shafts (10a) are arranged at the two ends of the rotary workbench (10), one positioning shaft (10a) is fixed on the three-jaw chuck, and the other positioning shaft (10a) is rotatably supported in the supporting hole (9 a).
4. The turning and milling composite machine tool according to claim 3, characterized in that: the three-jaw chuck comprises a chuck body (4b1) and three groups of clamping jaws (4b2) arranged on the end face of the chuck body (4b1), wherein three groups of positioning blocks (10b) are arranged at one end, close to the three-jaw chuck, of the rotary workbench (10), three groups of positioning blocks (10b) and three groups of clamping jaws (4b2) are sequentially and alternately distributed along the circumferential direction of a positioning shaft (10a), and the positioning blocks (10b) are fixedly connected with the end face of the chuck body (4b 1).
5. The turning and milling composite machine tool according to claim 4, characterized in that: and T-shaped grooves (10c) are distributed on the upper side surface of the rotary workbench (10).
6. The turning and milling composite machine tool according to claim 2, characterized in that: the first mounting platform (2) is provided with a guide rail (2a) extending along the length direction of the first mounting platform, and the supporting tailstock (9) is assembled on the guide rail (2a) in a sliding mode.
7. The turning and milling composite machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the first mounting platform (2) is obliquely arranged on the lathe bed (1), the mounting height of the front end of the first mounting platform is lower than that of the rear end of the first mounting platform, and the lathe tool seat (5) and the lower moving die set (6) are arranged at the rear end of the first mounting platform (2).
8. The turning and milling composite machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the lathe tool seat (5) is provided with a cutter head (5b) which is driven by a motor (5a) to rotate.
9. The turning and milling composite machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the lower moving module (6) comprises a first linear guide rail assembly (6a) and a second linear guide rail assembly (6b) which are vertically arranged, and the first linear guide rail assembly (6a) and the second linear guide rail assembly (6b) are driven by a screw and nut mechanism to slide.
10. The turning and milling composite machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the lathe bed (1) is provided with an installation inclined plane (1a) and a vertical frame (1b) extending upwards from the rear end of the installation inclined plane (1a), the top of the vertical frame (1b) is provided with an installation plane (1c), and the first installation platform (2) and the second installation platform (3) are fixedly installed on the installation inclined plane (1a) and the installation plane (1c) respectively.
CN202122794612.0U 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Turning and milling combined type machine tool Active CN216503388U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122794612.0U CN216503388U (en) 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Turning and milling combined type machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122794612.0U CN216503388U (en) 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Turning and milling combined type machine tool

Publications (1)

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CN216503388U true CN216503388U (en) 2022-05-13

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CN202122794612.0U Active CN216503388U (en) 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Turning and milling combined type machine tool

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114918669A (en) * 2022-06-08 2022-08-19 中山长准机电有限公司 Industrial small-sized nine-shaft five-linkage turning and milling composite machine tool
CN114952296A (en) * 2022-07-04 2022-08-30 中山英诺莱比智能科技有限公司 Turning and milling composite machine tool

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114918669A (en) * 2022-06-08 2022-08-19 中山长准机电有限公司 Industrial small-sized nine-shaft five-linkage turning and milling composite machine tool
CN114952296A (en) * 2022-07-04 2022-08-30 中山英诺莱比智能科技有限公司 Turning and milling composite machine tool

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