CN216191744U - Green low carbon aquaculture tail water processing system of agricultural non-point source pollution - Google Patents

Green low carbon aquaculture tail water processing system of agricultural non-point source pollution Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216191744U
CN216191744U CN202122317901.1U CN202122317901U CN216191744U CN 216191744 U CN216191744 U CN 216191744U CN 202122317901 U CN202122317901 U CN 202122317901U CN 216191744 U CN216191744 U CN 216191744U
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tail water
subsurface flow
solar
tank
solar cell
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CN202122317901.1U
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邓海
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Hunan Sanchang Technology Co ltd
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Hunan Sanchang Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an agricultural non-point source pollution green low-carbon aquaculture tail water treatment system which comprises a tail water collecting channel, a subsurface flow water pipe, a sedimentation tank, a filtering dam, an aeration tank, a solar aerator, a solar cell panel system, a subsurface flow constructed wetland, an ecological tank and an artificial floating island. The system has the advantages of low energy consumption, low aerator power, clean performance and no carbon emission because the water flow in the system adopts a gravity self-flow mode, the solar energy is adopted for supplying power to the equipment, the composite filter tank and the subsurface flow type artificial wetland are used for filtering the tail water, the effect of removing suspended matters and nitrogen and phosphorus in the system is improved, the system has low operation cost, the operation cost of farmers is low, the popularization is facilitated, and the system is suitable for treating and recycling the tail water of agricultural non-point source aquaculture.

Description

Green low carbon aquaculture tail water processing system of agricultural non-point source pollution
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of rural environmental protection, in particular to an agricultural non-point source pollution green low-carbon aquaculture tail water treatment system.
Background
COD, ammonia nitrogen and total phosphorus concentration in tail water discharged by decentralized aquaculture in rural areas of China are high, and the tail water is discharged to surrounding water bodies, so that environmental problems such as eutrophication of nearby watersheds, water body hypoxia, fish death and the like are easily caused.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problems and provide a green low-carbon three-pond two-dam tail water treatment system which integrates solar energy utilization, organic matter purification, biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal and sludge rapid sedimentation.
In order to solve the problems, the technical scheme of the utility model is as follows: an agricultural non-point source pollution green low-carbon aquaculture tail water treatment system comprises a tail water collecting channel, an undercurrent water pipe, a sedimentation tank, a filtering dam, an aeration tank, a solar aerator, a solar panel system, an undercurrent artificial wetland, an ecological tank and an artificial floating island, wherein the tail water collecting channel is arranged on one side wall of the sedimentation tank, the undercurrent water pipe is communicated between the tail water collecting channel and the sedimentation tank, one end of the undercurrent water pipe penetrates into the tail water collecting channel, the other end of the undercurrent water pipe penetrates into the sedimentation tank, one side of the sedimentation tank, which is far away from the tail water collecting channel, is connected with the aeration tank, the filtering dam is arranged at the joint of the sedimentation tank and the aeration tank, porous bricks are stacked above the filtering dam, a composite filtering layer is arranged in the filtering dam, a plant layer is arranged at the top of the filtering layer, and the bottom of the aeration tank is fixedly connected with the solar aerator, the solar energy aeration device is characterized in that a solar cell panel system is installed on one side, away from a filter dam, of an aeration tank, the output end of the solar cell panel system is connected to a solar energy aerator, an undercurrent artificial wetland is arranged on one side, away from the aeration tank, of the solar cell panel system, an undercurrent water pipe is communicated between the aeration tank and the undercurrent artificial wetland, one end of the undercurrent water pipe penetrates into the aeration tank, the other end of the undercurrent water pipe penetrates into the undercurrent artificial wetland, an ecological tank is arranged on one side, away from the solar cell panel system, of the undercurrent artificial wetland, the undercurrent artificial wetland and the ecological tank are communicated through the undercurrent water pipe, one end of the undercurrent water pipe penetrates into the undercurrent artificial wetland, the other end of the undercurrent water pipe penetrates into the ecological tank, and an artificial floating island is arranged in the ecological tank.
Further, the undercurrent water pipe is set to be a UPVC pipe or a HDPE corrugated pipe.
Further, the composite filter layer comprises volcanic rock, bamboo charcoal and polyurethane biological filler, the composite filter layer is placed inside the perforated brick, and the plant layer comprises canna and acorus calamus.
Further, the solar aerator is arranged in a subsurface flow mode.
Further, the solar cell panel system comprises a solar cell panel, a solar host and a storage battery.
Further, a solar cell is installed in the solar cell panel system, and the solar cell is a single crystal silicon solar cell or a polycrystalline silicon thin film solar cell.
Furthermore, floating plants are arranged inside the artificial floating island and comprise desmodium and water spinach.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages that: the water flow in the system adopts a gravity self-flow mode, so that the energy consumption is low; the adopted aerator has low power, and the power supply of the equipment is completely solar energy, so that the aerator has the advantages of cleanness and no carbon emission; the composite filter tank and the subsurface flow type artificial wetland are used for tail water filtration, so that the effect of removing suspended matters, nitrogen and phosphorus by the system is improved; the method is suitable for treating and recycling the tail water of agricultural non-point source aquaculture; the system operation cost is low, and the operation cost of farmers is low, thus being beneficial to popularization; the system is suitable for treating and recycling the tail water of agricultural non-point source aquaculture.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the system flow structure of the present invention.
As shown in the figure: 1. a tail water collection channel; 2. a blind flow water pipe; 3. a sedimentation tank; 4. filtering the dam; 5. an aeration tank; 6. a solar energy aerator; 7. a solar panel system; 8. subsurface flow constructed wetlands; 9. an ecological pool; 10. and (4) artificial floating islands.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments; all other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, the agricultural non-point source pollution green low-carbon aquaculture tail water treatment system comprises a tail water collecting channel 1, a subsurface flow water pipe 2, a sedimentation tank 3, a filtering dam 4, an aeration tank 5, a solar aerator 6, a solar cell panel system 7, an subsurface flow constructed wetland 8, an ecological tank 9 and an artificial floating island 10, wherein the tail water collecting channel 1 is arranged on one side wall of the sedimentation tank 3, the subsurface flow water pipe 2 is communicated between the tail water collecting channel 1 and the sedimentation tank 3, one end of the subsurface flow water pipe 2 penetrates into the tail water collecting channel 1, the other end of the subsurface flow water pipe 2 penetrates into the sedimentation tank 3, one side of the sedimentation tank 3 far away from the tail water collecting channel 1 is connected with the aeration tank 5, the filtering dam 4 is arranged at the joint of the sedimentation tank 3 and the aeration tank 5, porous bricks are stacked above the filtering dam 4, and a composite filtering layer is arranged inside the filtering dam 4, the top of the filtering layer is provided with a plant layer, the bottom of the aeration tank 5 is fixedly connected with a solar aerator 6, one side of the aeration tank 5, which is far away from the filtering dam 4, is provided with a solar cell panel system 7, the output end of the solar cell panel system 7 is connected with the solar aerator 6, one side of the solar cell panel system 7, which is far away from the aeration tank 5, is provided with an undercurrent artificial wetland 8, the aeration tank 5 and the undercurrent artificial wetland 8 are communicated through an undercurrent pipe 2, one end of the undercurrent pipe 2 penetrates into the aeration tank 5, the other end of the undercurrent pipe 2 penetrates into the undercurrent artificial wetland 8, one side of the undercurrent artificial wetland 8, which is far away from the solar cell panel system 7, is provided with an ecological tank 9, the undercurrent artificial wetland 8 is communicated with the ecological tank 9 through the undercurrent pipe 2, one end of the undercurrent pipe 2 penetrates into the undercurrent artificial wetland 8, the other end of the undercurrent water pipe 2 penetrates into the undercurrent ecological pool 9, and an artificial floating island 10 is arranged in the ecological pool 9.
The undercurrent water pipe 2 is set as a UPVC pipe or a HDPE corrugated pipe.
The composite filter layer comprises volcanic rock, bamboo charcoal and polyurethane biological filler, the composite filter layer is placed inside the perforated brick, and the plant layer comprises canna and calamus.
The solar aerator 6 is arranged in a subsurface flow manner.
The solar panel system 7 comprises a solar panel, a solar host and a storage battery.
The solar cell panel system 7 is internally provided with a solar cell which is a monocrystalline silicon solar cell or a polycrystalline silicon thin-film solar cell.
The artificial floating island 10 is internally provided with floating plants, and the floating plants comprise desmodium and water spinach.
In specific use, tail water discharged by aquaculture is collected by the tail water collecting channel 1 and then automatically flows into the sedimentation tank 3 through the undercurrent water pipe 2, suspended matters in the tail water are precipitated to the bottom of the tank, the tail water is precipitated and then flows through the filtering dam 4 formed by perforated bricks, a composite filtering layer consisting of volcanic rock, bamboo charcoal and polyurethane biological filler is arranged in the filtering dam 4, aquatic plants are planted on the top of the filtering layer, the tail water is filtered and then enters the aeration tank 5 for aeration, the solar cell panel system 7 provides electric energy for the solar aerator 6, organic matters are accelerated to be decomposed in the aeration tank 5 and then enter the ecological tank 9 after being filtered again through the undercurrent artificial wetland 8 through the undercurrent water pipe 2, nitrogen and phosphorus in the tail water are absorbed through aquatic plants in the ecological tank 9, algae in the tail water are removed through filter-feeding aquatic animals, and the tail water is treated by the system and then is recycled to the aquaculture tank.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.
The present invention and its embodiments have been described above, and the description is not intended to be limiting, and the drawings are only one embodiment of the present invention, and the actual structure is not limited thereto. In summary, those skilled in the art should appreciate that they can readily use the disclosed conception and specific embodiments as a basis for designing or modifying other structures for carrying out the same purposes of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an agricultural non-point source pollutes green low carbon aquaculture tail water processing system which characterized in that: comprises a tail water collecting channel (1), an undercurrent water pipe (2), a sedimentation tank (3), a filtering dam (4), an aeration tank (5), a solar aerator (6), a solar panel system (7), an undercurrent artificial wetland (8), an ecological tank (9) and an artificial floating island (10), wherein the tail water collecting channel (1) is arranged on one side wall of the sedimentation tank (3), the undercurrent water pipe (2) is communicated between the tail water collecting channel (1) and the sedimentation tank (3), one end of the undercurrent water pipe (2) penetrates into the tail water collecting channel (1), the other end of the undercurrent water pipe (2) penetrates into the sedimentation tank (3), one side of the sedimentation tank (3) far away from the tail water collecting channel (1) is connected with the aeration tank (5), the joint of the sedimentation tank (3) and the aeration tank (5) is provided with the filtering dam (4), and porous bricks are piled above the filtering dam (4), the solar energy aeration device is characterized in that a composite filter layer is arranged in the filtering dam (4), a plant layer is arranged on the top of the filter layer, a solar energy aerator (6) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the aeration tank (5), a solar cell panel system (7) is installed on one side, far away from the filtering dam (4), of the aeration tank (5), the output end of the solar cell panel system (7) is connected to the solar energy aerator (6), a subsurface flow constructed wetland (8) is arranged on one side, far away from the aeration tank (5), of the solar cell panel system (7), the aeration tank (5) and the subsurface flow constructed wetland (8) are communicated through a subsurface flow water pipe (2), one end of the subsurface flow water pipe (2) penetrates through the interior of the aeration tank (5), the other end of the subsurface flow water pipe (2) penetrates through the subsurface flow constructed wetland (8), an ecological tank (9) is arranged on one side, far away from the solar cell panel system (7), of the subsurface flow constructed wetland (8), the subsurface flow constructed wetland (8) is communicated with the ecological pool (9) through a subsurface flow water pipe (2), one end of the subsurface flow water pipe (2) penetrates into the subsurface flow constructed wetland (8), the other end of the subsurface flow water pipe (2) penetrates into the subsurface flow ecological pool (9), and an artificial floating island (10) is arranged in the ecological pool (9).
2. The agricultural non-point source pollution green low-carbon aquaculture tail water treatment system of claim 1, characterized in that: the concealed flow pipe (2) is set to be a UPVC pipe or a HDPE corrugated pipe.
3. The agricultural non-point source pollution green low-carbon aquaculture tail water treatment system of claim 1, characterized in that: the solar aerator (6) is arranged in a subsurface flow mode.
4. The agricultural non-point source pollution green low-carbon aquaculture tail water treatment system of claim 1, characterized in that: the solar panel system (7) comprises a solar panel, a solar host and a storage battery.
5. The agricultural non-point source pollution green low-carbon aquaculture tail water treatment system of claim 1, characterized in that: and a solar cell is arranged in the solar cell panel system (7), and is set to be a monocrystalline silicon solar cell or a polycrystalline silicon thin-film solar cell.
6. The agricultural non-point source pollution green low-carbon aquaculture tail water treatment system of claim 1, characterized in that: the artificial floating island (10) is internally provided with floating plants, and the floating plants comprise desmodium and water spinach.
CN202122317901.1U 2021-09-24 2021-09-24 Green low carbon aquaculture tail water processing system of agricultural non-point source pollution Active CN216191744U (en)

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CN202122317901.1U CN216191744U (en) 2021-09-24 2021-09-24 Green low carbon aquaculture tail water processing system of agricultural non-point source pollution

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CN202122317901.1U CN216191744U (en) 2021-09-24 2021-09-24 Green low carbon aquaculture tail water processing system of agricultural non-point source pollution

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115417561A (en) * 2022-09-06 2022-12-02 湖南开天新农业科技有限公司 Aquaculture tail water treatment system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115417561A (en) * 2022-09-06 2022-12-02 湖南开天新农业科技有限公司 Aquaculture tail water treatment system

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