CN215616434U - Novel five machining centers - Google Patents

Novel five machining centers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215616434U
CN215616434U CN202121694947.9U CN202121694947U CN215616434U CN 215616434 U CN215616434 U CN 215616434U CN 202121694947 U CN202121694947 U CN 202121694947U CN 215616434 U CN215616434 U CN 215616434U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
moving module
axis
axis moving
base
novel
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202121694947.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
应建勇
应和平
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Dongguan Tigate Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
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Dongguan Tigate Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
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Priority to CN202121694947.9U priority Critical patent/CN215616434U/en
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Publication of CN215616434U publication Critical patent/CN215616434U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of machine tool equipment, and discloses a novel five-axis machining center, which comprises: the base is used for mounting and supporting mechanical parts; the Y-axis moving module is arranged on the base; the X-axis moving module is arranged on the Y-axis moving module; the rotary worktable is arranged on the X-axis moving module; the upright post is vertically arranged at the rear end of the base; the Z-axis moving module is arranged on the upright post; the head swinging device is installed on the Z-axis moving module, and the workpiece is processed under the driving of the Z-axis moving module. The utility model provides a five-axis machining center with a novel structure, which is convenient for machining complex curved surfaces of workpieces.

Description

Novel five machining centers
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of machine tool equipment, in particular to a novel five-axis machining center.
Background
As the curved surface machining of a workpiece becomes complicated, in order to improve the machining efficiency of the workpiece, a multi-axis linkage machine tool is mostly used. The structure adopted in the related five-axis machining center equipment is complex in arrangement, so that the production cost is greatly increased, and the five-axis machining center equipment is not beneficial to practical use.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a novel five-axis machining center aiming at the defects in the prior art, and aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the utility model is as follows:
a novel five-axis machining center comprising:
a base for mounting and supporting a mechanical component;
the Y-axis moving module is arranged on the base along the Y-axis direction and drives the X-axis moving module to move along the Y-axis direction;
the X-axis moving module is arranged on the Y-axis moving module and drives the rotary worktable to move along the X-axis direction;
the rotary worktable is arranged on the X-axis moving module and drives a workpiece to rotate and process during working;
the upright post is vertically arranged at the rear end of the base;
the Z-axis moving module is mounted on the upright column along the Z-axis direction and drives the head swinging device to move along the Z-axis direction;
and the head swinging device is arranged on the Z-axis moving module, and the workpiece is processed under the driving of the Z-axis moving module.
Furthermore, the head swinging device comprises a head swinging base arranged on the Z-axis moving module, a convex shell protruding outwards is arranged on the head swinging base, a first rotating device is arranged in the convex shell, a connecting piece is arranged at the end part of the first rotating device, the first rotating device is fixed on the convex shell through the connecting piece, a main shaft is connected onto the first rotating device, and the main shaft is driven to rotate by the first rotating device.
Furthermore, the upper part of the convex shell is also provided with a reinforcing rib plate, and the reinforcing rib plate is respectively connected with the convex shell and the swing head base.
Further, the first rotating device is a DD motor.
Furthermore, the rotating workbench comprises a workbench base installed on the X-axis moving module, a second rotating device is installed on the workbench base, a workbench is installed on the second rotating device, and the workbench is driven to rotate by the second rotating device.
Furthermore, an accommodating area which is concave inwards is arranged on the workbench base, and the second rotating device is arranged in the accommodating area.
Furthermore, the end face of the workbench is provided with a T-shaped groove used for connecting the workpiece clamp, the T-shaped groove is more than one groove and is uniformly arrayed on the end face of the workbench.
Further, the second rotating device is a DD motor.
Furthermore, the X-axis moving module, the Y-axis moving module and the Z-axis moving module are ball screw modules.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: the five-axis linkage is realized by combining the X-axis moving module, the Y-axis moving module, the Z-axis moving module, the rotary worktable and the head raising device, the five-axis linkage device is reasonable in structural composition, and compared with the complex existing related equipment, the five-axis linkage device is low in production cost and more suitable for wide application.
Furthermore, when the main shaft is installed, the installation positions of the first rotating shaft and the convex shell are changed, the strength of the swing head is improved, the processing load is improved, meanwhile, the DD motor is adopted to drive the workbench to rotate, and the operation mode is simple and convenient.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of an explosive structure of the head swing device.
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of an exploded structure of the rotary table.
Reference numerals: 1. a base; 2, a Y-axis moving module; an X-axis moving module; 4. rotating the working table; 5. a column; 6, a Z-axis moving module; 7. a head swinging device; 8. a head swinging base; 9. a convex shell; 10. a first rotating device; 11. a connecting member; 12. a main shaft; 13. a reinforcing rib plate; 14. a table base; 15. a second rotating device; 16. a work table; 17. a containment region; t-shaped groove 18.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The embodiments described by referring to the drawings are exemplary and intended to be used for explaining the present application and are not to be construed as limiting the present application. In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "center," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the present application and for simplicity in description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated in a particular manner, and thus should not be considered limiting. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present application, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically limited otherwise. In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can include, for example, fixed connections, removable connections, or integral connections; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate. In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may comprise direct contact of the first and second features, or may comprise contact of the first and second features not directly but through another feature in between. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly above and obliquely above the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser level than the second feature.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, a novel five-axis machining center implemented by the present invention includes: a base 1 for mounting and supporting mechanical parts; the Y-axis moving module 2 is arranged on the base 1 along the Y-axis direction and drives the X-axis moving module 3 to move along the Y-axis direction; the X-axis moving module 3 is arranged on the Y-axis moving module 2 and drives the rotary worktable 4 to move along the X-axis direction; the rotary worktable 4 is arranged on the X-axis moving module 3, and drives a workpiece to rotate and process during working; the upright post 5 is vertically arranged at the rear end of the base 1; the Z-axis moving module 6 is mounted on the upright post 5 along the Z-axis direction and drives the swing head device 7 to move along the Z-axis direction; and the head swinging device 7 is arranged on the Z-axis moving module 6, and the workpiece is processed under the driving of the Z-axis moving module 6.
In view of the problems that the structural layout structure of the existing five-axis machining center on the market is complex, the production cost is high, and the operation mode is complex, the utility model provides a novel five-axis machining center, and the production cost is reduced by reasonably arranging the structural layout of the five-axis machining center.
The X-axis moving module 3, the Y-axis moving module 2, the Z-axis moving module 6, the head swinging device 7 and the rotary workbench 4 are mainly structurally arranged, and the X-axis moving module 3, the Y-axis moving module 2 and the Z-axis moving module 6 mainly achieve the movement of an X axis, a Y axis and a Z axis and are convenient to process workpieces. Wherein, swivel work head 4 is installed on X axle removes module 3, X axle removes module 3 drive and carries out the removal of X axle to swivel work head 4, X axle removes module 3 and installs on Y axle removes module 2, remove module 2 drive via the Y axle and remove the removal of the Y axle of module 3 and swivel work head 4 to the X axle, install stand 5 on Y axle removes the tip position of module 2, install Z axle on the stand 5 and remove module 6, set up yaw device 7 on the Z axle removes the module 6, remove module 6 drive yaw device 7 through the Z axle and remove along Z axle direction, the realization is to the processing of work piece, the operation mode is convenient.
As shown in fig. 2, the swing head device 7 includes a swing head base 8 installed on the Z-axis moving module 6, a convex shell 9 protruding outward is provided on the swing head base 8, a first rotating device 10 is installed in the convex shell 9, a connecting member 11 is provided at an end of the first rotating device 10, the first rotating device 10 is fixed on the convex shell 9 through the connecting member 11, a main shaft 12 is connected to the first rotating device 10, and the main shaft 12 is driven to rotate by the first rotating device 10.
In the actual structural arrangement, since the main shaft 12 needs to cut the workpiece, a large load is easily applied in the Z-axis direction, and in the related structural installation, the installation positions of the first rotating device 10 and the swing head base 8 are not considered, the rear end portion of the first rotating device 10 is installed on the swing head base 8 through the connecting member 11, and the connecting member 11 is preferably a flange plate, so that in the process of processing the workpiece, the applied moment is large, and the use of the main shaft 12 is not facilitated. Therefore, in the utility model, the front end of the first rotating device 10 is connected with the end part of the convex shell 9, the convex shell 9 and the swing head base 8 are in an integral structure, and then the first rotating device 10 is connected with the main shaft 12, so that the force arm of the main shaft 12 is shortened, the received moment is reduced, the bearable load is increased, and the overall structural strength is enhanced.
Furthermore, a reinforcing rib plate 13 is further arranged at the upper part of the convex shell 9, and the reinforcing rib plate 13 is respectively connected with the convex shell 9 and the swing head base 8. The overall structural strength of the head swing device 7 is provided by the further provided reinforcing rib 13. Preferably, the first rotating device 10 is a DD motor, such as a torque motor.
As shown in fig. 3, the rotary table 4 includes a table base 14 mounted on the X-axis moving module 3, a second rotating device 15 is mounted on the table base 14, a table 16 is mounted on the second rotating device 15, and the table 16 is driven to rotate by the second rotating device 15.
In a preferred embodiment, the rotary table 4 mainly includes a table base 14, a second rotating device 15 and a table 16, and when the rotary table is operated, the second rotating device 15 is driven to rotate the table 16 to process a workpiece mounted on the table 16, preferably, the second rotating device 15 is a DD motor, such as a torque motor.
Specifically, the workbench base 14 is provided with an accommodating area 17 which is recessed inwards, and the second rotating device 15 is placed in the accommodating area 17. In order to improve the overall strength, the accommodating area 17 is arranged to mount the second rotating device 15, and the second rotating device 15 can be limited.
Specifically, the end face of the workbench 16 is provided with T-shaped grooves 18 for connecting the workpiece clamps, the T-shaped grooves 18 are more than one and are uniformly arrayed on the end face of the workbench 16.
Preferably, the X-axis moving module 3, the Y-axis moving module 2, and the Z-axis moving module 6 are ball screw modules, and the ball screw modules mainly include a base, a servo motor, a screw rod, a slide rail, and a slide block, for example, when the X-axis moving module 3 is implemented, the servo motor is installed on the base, an output end of the servo motor is connected to the screw rod, the slide rail and the slide block are respectively disposed on two sides of the screw rod, and are connected to the screw rod and the slide block through a working table base 15, and under the driving of the servo motor, the Y-axis moving module 2 and the Z-axis moving module 6 reciprocate along the length direction of the screw rod, and the Y-axis moving module 2 and the Z-axis moving module 6 also have the same operation principle.
The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent variations and modifications made to the above embodiments according to the technical spirit of the present invention still fall within the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A novel five-axis machining center is characterized by comprising:
a base for mounting and supporting a mechanical component;
the Y-axis moving module is arranged on the base along the Y-axis direction and drives the X-axis moving module to move along the Y-axis direction;
the X-axis moving module is arranged on the Y-axis moving module and drives the rotary worktable to move along the X-axis direction;
the rotary worktable is arranged on the X-axis moving module and drives a workpiece to rotate and process during working;
the upright post is vertically arranged at the rear end of the base;
the Z-axis moving module is mounted on the upright column along the Z-axis direction and drives the head swinging device to move along the Z-axis direction;
and the head swinging device is arranged on the Z-axis moving module, and the workpiece is processed under the driving of the Z-axis moving module.
2. The novel five-axis machining center according to claim 1, characterized in that: the head swinging device comprises a head swinging base arranged on the Z-axis moving module, a convex shell protruding outwards is arranged on the head swinging base, a first rotating device is arranged in the convex shell, a connecting piece is arranged at the end part of the first rotating device, the first rotating device is fixed on the convex shell through the connecting piece, a main shaft is connected onto the first rotating device, and the main shaft is driven to rotate by the first rotating device.
3. The novel five-axis machining center according to claim 2, characterized in that: and the upper part of the convex shell is also provided with a reinforcing rib plate, and the reinforcing rib plate is respectively connected with the convex shell and the swing head base.
4. The novel five-axis machining center of claim 3, characterized in that: the first rotating device is a DD motor.
5. The novel five-axis machining center according to claim 1, characterized in that: the rotary workbench comprises a workbench base arranged on the X-axis moving module, a second rotary device is arranged on the workbench base, a workbench is arranged on the second rotary device, and the second rotary device drives the workbench to rotate.
6. The novel five-axis machining center of claim 5, characterized in that: the workbench base is provided with an inwards concave containing area, and the second rotating device is arranged in the containing area.
7. The novel five-axis machining center of claim 6, characterized in that: the end face of the workbench is provided with a T-shaped groove used for connecting the workpiece clamp, the T-shaped groove is more than one groove, and the grooves are uniformly arrayed on the end face of the workbench.
8. The novel five-axis machining center of claim 5, characterized in that: the second rotating device is a DD motor.
9. The novel five-axis machining center according to claim 1, characterized in that: the X-axis moving module, the Y-axis moving module and the Z-axis moving module are ball screw modules.
CN202121694947.9U 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 Novel five machining centers Expired - Fee Related CN215616434U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121694947.9U CN215616434U (en) 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 Novel five machining centers

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121694947.9U CN215616434U (en) 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 Novel five machining centers

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215616434U true CN215616434U (en) 2022-01-25

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ID=79892010

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121694947.9U Expired - Fee Related CN215616434U (en) 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 Novel five machining centers

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215616434U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114434214A (en) * 2022-03-01 2022-05-06 南通固邦数控机床有限公司 Large-scale five-shaft planer type machining center and swing head structure thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114434214A (en) * 2022-03-01 2022-05-06 南通固邦数控机床有限公司 Large-scale five-shaft planer type machining center and swing head structure thereof
CN114434214B (en) * 2022-03-01 2022-11-22 南通固邦数控机床有限公司 Large-scale five-axis planer type machining center and swing head structure thereof

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Granted publication date: 20220125