CN215454922U - Plant protection machine ultrasonic atomization assembly - Google Patents

Plant protection machine ultrasonic atomization assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215454922U
CN215454922U CN202121956101.8U CN202121956101U CN215454922U CN 215454922 U CN215454922 U CN 215454922U CN 202121956101 U CN202121956101 U CN 202121956101U CN 215454922 U CN215454922 U CN 215454922U
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China
Prior art keywords
water tank
ultrasonic
plant protection
protection machine
atomization
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CN202121956101.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王龙飞
李连豪
李建华
冉云亮
朱晨辉
马留威
李宗鹏
张振
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Xuchang Co Of Henan Tobacco Co
Henan Agricultural University
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Xuchang Co Of Henan Tobacco Co
Henan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN202121956101.8U priority Critical patent/CN215454922U/en
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Abstract

An ultrasonic atomization assembly for a plant protection machine comprises an atomization shell, wherein an upper water tank and a lower water tank positioned below the upper water tank are arranged in the atomization shell, an ultrasonic atomizer is arranged in the upper water tank, and an atomization outlet is formed in the upper water tank; an overflow pipe is arranged in the lower water tank, the bottom end of the overflow pipe is communicated with the lower water tank, the tail end of the overflow pipe is positioned in the upper water tank, a water pump is connected to the lower water tank, and the water pump pumps water in the lower water tank into the upper water tank. The ultrasonic atomization assembly for the plant protection machine can be applied to the plant protection machine to realize atomization and injection of liquid, is compact in structure, easy to control and high in stability, greatly reduces labor cost and improves economic benefits, and is high in atomization efficiency and capable of improving plant protection efficiency.

Description

Plant protection machine ultrasonic atomization assembly
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of high-stalk action plant protection, and particularly relates to an ultrasonic atomization assembly for a plant protection machine.
Background
The area of crops in China is wide, the crops are affected by the comprehensive effects of climatic conditions, soil, fertilization and cultivation in the growth process, the environment of high quality and high yield of the crops is difficult to naturally achieve, and planting personnel need to carefully care.
Spraying pesticides is the most common method of plant protection throughout the growth cycle of a crop.
The pesticide is an important agricultural production data, is a control technology which is most widely applied, fastest, quick and effective and easy to popularize and apply at present, and particularly shows an irreplaceable effect when controlling dangerous and outbreak pests.
The tobacco leaf spraying pesticide mainly has the following functions: 1. controlling diseases and pests of the tobacco field; 2. preventing and controlling aphids in tobacco fields; 3. preventing and controlling soil insects and root black rot; 4. preventing and treating virus diseases; 5. preventing and treating brown spot and angular leaf spot; 6. black shank and root knot nematode disease control; 7. preventing and controlling weeds in tobacco fields.
Pesticide sprays are required at almost every stage of crop growth.
The spraying method of the pesticide at the present stage comprises the following steps: manual spraying, namely spraying pesticide onto crops through a sprayer; the range is short, the injection efficiency is low, and the injection effect is not good; the unmanned aerial vehicle sprays and the plant protection machine sprays liquid at a high speed to achieve the effect of mist spraying; high efficiency, but the energy consumption is high, needs equipment such as pressure boost, and the product is often great, and weight is heavy.
In view of this, there is an urgent need for a plant protection machine capable of reliably and stably converting liquid into mist to achieve a better pesticide spraying effect.      
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide an ultrasonic atomization assembly for a plant protection machine, which is simple in structure and good in using effect.
In order to solve the technical problems, the utility model provides the following technical scheme: an ultrasonic atomization assembly for a plant protection machine comprises an upper water tank and a lower water tank positioned below the upper water tank, wherein an ultrasonic atomizer is arranged in the upper water tank, and an atomization outlet is arranged on the upper water tank; an overflow pipe is arranged in the lower water tank, the bottom end of the overflow pipe is communicated with the lower water tank, the tail end of the overflow pipe is positioned in the upper water tank, a water pump is connected to the lower water tank, and the water pump pumps water in the lower water tank into the upper water tank.
The top of overflow pipe is higher 10~15mm than ultrasonic atomizer upper surface.
Be equipped with atomizing fan in the header tank, atomizing fan blows the water smoke to the atomizing export.
The atomizing fan is located the side top of ultrasonic nebulizer, is equipped with the kuppe that sets up towards ultrasonic nebulizer slope between atomizing fan and the ultrasonic nebulizer.
The upper water tank is provided with an upper water tank water outlet and a liquid inlet; the lower water tank is provided with a water suction port and a water filling port.
The atomization outlet is connected with a spraying device.
The spraying device comprises a spraying shell, a liquid pipeline, a water mist input hole, an airflow conveying part and a spray head positioned at the tail end of the spraying shell, wherein the liquid pipeline is positioned in the spraying shell, an atomizing outlet is communicated with the water mist input hole, and the water mist input hole is communicated with the liquid pipeline; the air flow delivery part comprises a delivery fan which is positioned at the front end of the jet casing.
An airflow conveying gap is reserved between the liquid pipeline and the jet shell, and the conveying fan conveys airflow into the airflow conveying gap.
The width of the air flow delivery gap decreases from front to back.
Through the technical scheme, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: 1. the ultrasonic atomization assembly can be used on a plant protection machine, can realize atomization of liquid, and can spray the atomized liquid; the atomization effect is good, the efficiency is high, and the plant protection effect is improved; 2. by arranging the overflow pipe and the water pump, the liquid level in the upper water tank can be ensured to be always consistent, and the use effect of the ultrasonic atomizer is improved; 3. the atomization assembly can conveniently realize the adjustment of the liquid concentration, and simultaneously, the spraying range is easy to control.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of example 1;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of example 2;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the injection device.
Detailed Description
Embodiment 1, an ultrasonic atomization assembly for a plant protection machine, as shown in fig. 1, includes an atomization housing 1, and an upper water tank 2 and a lower water tank 4 located below the upper water tank 2 are disposed in the atomization housing 1.
An ultrasonic atomizer 3 and an atomizing fan 7 are arranged in the upper water tank 2, wherein the ultrasonic atomizer 3 is mature prior art, and can be a commercially available product directly, and the ultrasonic atomizer 3 of the model ycjh of Hebei Yongchu fountain water-saving irrigation technology Limited can be selected. The ultrasonic atomizer 3 has wide working voltage range, rated DC36V or DC48V and oscillation frequency of 1.7 MHz.
The top of the upper water tank 2 is provided with a mist outlet 6, and the atomizing fan 7 blows the mist to the mist outlet 6. Atomizing fan 7 is located the side top of ultrasonic nebulizer 3, is equipped with the kuppe 8 that sets up towards the slope of ultrasonic nebulizer 3 between atomizing fan 7 and the ultrasonic nebulizer 3, and is more stable through 8 air currents of kuppe, can stably carry out fog mouth 6 departments with water smoke.
The lower water tank 4 is provided with a water inlet and a water pump 5, the water pump 5 pumps water in the lower water tank 4 into the upper water tank 2, meanwhile, an overflow pipe 9 is arranged in the lower water tank 4, the bottom end of the overflow pipe 9 is communicated with the lower water tank 4, the tail end of the overflow pipe 9 is positioned in the upper water tank 2, and the top end of the overflow pipe 9 is 10-15mm higher than the upper surface of the ultrasonic atomizer 3.
During operation, the water pump 5 is with the continuous suction of the water source in the lower water tank 4 to the upper water tank 2, and when the water level reached overflow pipe 9 department in the lower water tank 4, water would overflow from overflow pipe 9, guarantees the water level in the upper water tank 2, and then guarantees that ultrasonic atomizer 3 can reach the biggest atomization effect.
In order to ensure normal operation, the upper water tank 2 is provided with an upper water tank water outlet 11, and the lower water tank 4 is provided with a lower water tank water inlet 12 and a lower water tank water inlet 13.
The ultrasonic atomization assembly conveys atomized water mist to the spraying device through air flow, and the air flow blows the ultrasonic atomized water mist to tobacco leaves, so that the atomization process is realized.
Embodiment 2, this embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, a spraying device is connected to an atomizing housing 1, the spraying device includes a spraying housing 17, a liquid pipe 20 is provided in the spraying housing 17, the liquid pipe 20 is coincident with the center line of the spraying housing 17, an air flow passage is reserved between the spraying housing 17 and the liquid pipe 20, and the inner diameter of the air flow passage is reduced from front to back, thereby increasing the air flow speed and reducing the energy consumption.
A mist inlet 18 is connected to the spray housing 17, the mist inlet 18 communicating with a liquid conduit 20. The end of the liquid pipeline 20 is provided with a spray head 19 positioned at the rear part of the spray shell 17, and a gap is reserved between the spray head 19 and the end of the spray shell 17.
A delivery fan 21 is provided at the front end of the spray casing 17, the delivery fan 21 communicates with the air flow passage, and the delivery fan 21 operates to deliver the air flow into the air flow passage, thereby forming a stable air flow outside the liquid duct 20.
The mist enters the mist inlet 18 and enters the end of the liquid conduit 20 and finally exits the spray head 19, where it is sprayed by the air stream of the delivery fan 21 after exiting the spray head 19.
As an alternative to this embodiment, in order to ensure the spraying range, a swing device connected to the frame 1 may be provided on the lower surface of the spraying housing 17, and the swing device drives the spraying housing 17 to rotate. The wobbler comprises a wobbler shell 14, a wobbler motor, a transmission gear 15 and a rotating gear 16, wherein the wobbler motor is positioned in the wobbler shell 14, the output shaft of the wobbler motor is connected with the transmission gear 15, the transmission gear 15 is meshed with the rotating gear 16, and the rotating gear 16 is connected with an injection shell 17.
In addition, a lifting assembly connected with the rack 1 is arranged below the wobbler, the lifting assembly comprises an electric push rod 32, one end of the electric push rod 32 is connected with the rack 1, and the movable end of the electric push rod 32 is connected with the wobbler shell 14 of the wobbler, so that the electric push rod 32 can realize the height adjustment of the wobbler shell 14; and rotation of gear 16 allows for angular adjustment of wobble housing 14.
The swinging device can rotate the injection device at any angle, the lifting assembly can adjust the upper injection angle and the lower injection angle, plant protection operation can be performed on tobacco leaves in different periods, and the injection distance can also be adjusted.
The ultrasonic atomization assembly for the plant protection machine can be applied to the plant protection machine to realize atomization and injection of liquid, is compact in structure, easy to control and high in stability, greatly reduces labor cost and improves economic benefits, and is high in atomization efficiency and capable of improving plant protection efficiency.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an ultrasonic atomization assembly for plant protection machine which characterized in that: the ultrasonic atomization device comprises an atomization shell, wherein an upper water tank and a lower water tank positioned below the upper water tank are arranged in the atomization shell, an ultrasonic atomizer is arranged in the upper water tank, and an atomization outlet is formed in the upper water tank; an overflow pipe is arranged in the lower water tank, the bottom end of the overflow pipe is communicated with the lower water tank, the tail end of the overflow pipe is positioned in the upper water tank, a water pump is connected to the lower water tank, and the water pump pumps water in the lower water tank into the upper water tank.
2. The ultrasonic atomizing assembly for a plant protection machine of claim 1, wherein: the top of overflow pipe is higher 10~15mm than ultrasonic atomizer upper surface.
3. The ultrasonic atomizing assembly for a plant protection machine of claim 2, wherein: be equipped with atomizing fan in the header tank, atomizing fan blows the water smoke to the atomizing export.
4. The ultrasonic atomizing assembly for a plant protection machine of claim 3, wherein: the atomizing fan is located the side top of ultrasonic nebulizer, is equipped with the kuppe that sets up towards ultrasonic nebulizer slope between atomizing fan and the ultrasonic nebulizer.
5. The ultrasonic atomizing assembly for a plant protection machine of claim 4, wherein: the upper water tank is provided with an upper water tank water outlet and a liquid inlet; the lower water tank is provided with a water suction port and a water filling port.
6. An ultrasonic atomizing assembly for a plant protection machine as set forth in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein: the atomization outlet is connected with a spraying device.
7. The ultrasonic atomizing assembly for a plant protection machine of claim 6, wherein: the spraying device comprises a spraying shell, a liquid pipeline, a water mist input hole, an airflow conveying part and a spray head positioned at the tail end of the spraying shell, wherein the liquid pipeline is positioned in the spraying shell, an atomizing outlet is communicated with the water mist input hole, and the water mist input hole is communicated with the liquid pipeline; the air flow delivery part comprises a delivery fan which is positioned at the front end of the jet casing.
8. The ultrasonic atomizing assembly for a plant protection machine of claim 7, wherein: an airflow conveying gap is reserved between the liquid pipeline and the jet shell, and the conveying fan conveys airflow into the airflow conveying gap.
9. The ultrasonic atomizing assembly for a plant protection machine of claim 8, wherein: the width of the air flow conveying gap is gradually reduced from front to back.
CN202121956101.8U 2021-08-19 2021-08-19 Plant protection machine ultrasonic atomization assembly Active CN215454922U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121956101.8U CN215454922U (en) 2021-08-19 2021-08-19 Plant protection machine ultrasonic atomization assembly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121956101.8U CN215454922U (en) 2021-08-19 2021-08-19 Plant protection machine ultrasonic atomization assembly

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215454922U true CN215454922U (en) 2022-01-11

Family

ID=79763288

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121956101.8U Active CN215454922U (en) 2021-08-19 2021-08-19 Plant protection machine ultrasonic atomization assembly

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215454922U (en)

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