CN214596741U - Tracheotomy oxygen therapy connector - Google Patents

Tracheotomy oxygen therapy connector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214596741U
CN214596741U CN202022894368.0U CN202022894368U CN214596741U CN 214596741 U CN214596741 U CN 214596741U CN 202022894368 U CN202022894368 U CN 202022894368U CN 214596741 U CN214596741 U CN 214596741U
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China
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interface
port
oxygen therapy
tube
oxygen
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CN202022894368.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
段洪超
纪媛媛
王伟
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Xuanwu Hospital
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Xuanwu Hospital
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tracheotomy oxygen therapy joint, which at least comprises a first interface used for being connected with a sputum suction tube. The inner wall at the port of the first interface is provided with a lip-shaped valve in a one-way ventilation mode, and the lip-shaped valve is arranged in the first interface in a mode that the tip of the lip-shaped valve only can enter the inside from the outside of the first interface. The trachea cannula is characterized by further comprising a second interface and a connecting part, wherein the second interface and the connecting part are used for being inserted into a trachea of a patient, and the second interface, the connecting part and the first interface are sequentially and coaxially connected by taking a central shaft of the first interface as an axis. The utility model discloses the structure is ingenious, and the practicality is high, and low in cost simultaneously suits a large amount of popularization.

Description

Tracheotomy oxygen therapy connector
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of, especially, relate to a trachea opens oxygen therapy and connects.
Background
Tracheotomy is a common operation for relieving dyspnea caused by laryngeal dyspnea, respiratory dysfunction or retention of lower respiratory secretions by cutting a neck trachea, and placing a metal tracheal cannula and a silica gel cannula. It is necessary to rapidly suck and supply oxygen to the blocked foreign matter in the lower respiratory tract after tracheotomy. During nursing, attention is paid to humidification of the airway or regular use of ultrasonic atomization inhalation to ensure the humidification of the lower respiratory tract and reduce the occurrence of complications. The most common oxygen therapy modes when a tracheotomy patient stops the machine are an artificial nose mode and a high-flow T-shaped tube mode. Compared with an artificial nose, the high-flow T tube has the advantages of providing better warming and humidifying effects, reducing respiratory resistance, providing pressure support, reducing dead space, being not easy to block, reducing carbon dioxide retention, providing more accurate and stable oxygen concentration and the like, and can show the effect of improving the prognosis of a patient in a plurality of large-scale clinical tests. However, the existing T-tube oxygen inhalation device has the problems of insufficient pressure supply, inconvenient sputum aspiration and failure to provide effective positive end expiratory pressure.
Therefore, CN208339899U discloses a high-flow oxygen inhalation connector for tracheotomy patients, which comprises an oxygen inhalation connector body. The oxygen inhalation connector body comprises an oxygen inhalation device interface, a screwed pipe, a trachea end interface, a sputum suction pipe interface and a PEEP valve. The oxygen inhalation device interface, the screwed pipe, the air pipe end interface and the sputum suction pipe interface are communicated with each other. The oxygen inhalation device interface, the threaded pipe, the air pipe end interface and the sputum suction pipe interface are manufactured integrally. The air pipe end interface faces downwards, the sputum suction pipe interface faces upwards, the air pipe end interface is opposite to the sputum suction pipe interface, the oxygen inhalation device interface and the threaded pipe are respectively positioned on the left side and the right side of the oxygen inhalation connector body, and the PEEP valve is arranged at the outlet end of the threaded pipe. When the device is used, the device can be connected with a closed sputum suction tube, so that the exposure risk and the hypoxia risk caused by sputum suction are reduced, and the PEEP pressure value can be increased at the end of expiration through an expiration PEEP valve, so that a patient is ensured to supply oxygen; the ventilation resistance can be changed by adjusting the length and the angle of the threaded pipe by increasing the threaded pipe, the pressure of the pipeline is increased, and the oxygen inhalation concentration of a patient is increased. However, the increase of the threaded pipe causes the problem that the secretion of the patient is easy to accumulate in the threaded pipe, so that the PEEP valve is blocked, and the patient cannot exhale smoothly. Meanwhile, the sputum suction tube interface of the device is plugged by the plug and cannot ventilate, so that when oxygen supply in the connector is insufficient, medical staff cannot notice the shortage, the continuous oxygen supply of a patient is possibly insufficient, and the rehabilitation of the patient is not facilitated.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the deficiency of the prior art, the utility model provides a tracheotomy oxygen therapy joint, which has low cost and can reduce the risk of aspiration and infection. The specific scheme is as follows:
a tracheotomy oxygen therapy connector at least comprises a first connector used for being connected with a sputum suction tube, and a lip-shaped valve is arranged on the inner wall of a port of the first connector in a one-way ventilation mode. The lip valve is disposed in the first port with its tip oriented such that gas can only enter the interior of the first port from the exterior thereof.
According to a preferred embodiment, the patient further comprises a second interface and a connection portion for insertion into the trachea of the patient. The second interface, the connecting part and the first interface are sequentially and coaxially connected by taking a first interface central shaft as an axis.
According to a preferred embodiment, a third interface is arranged on a side wall of the connecting portion, and the third interface is arranged to form an included angle α with the first interface.
According to a preferred embodiment, the port of the third interface, which is remote from the connection, is provided with a one-way valve. The one-way valve is arranged in such a way that it is able to discharge the gas in the interface.
According to a preferred embodiment, a ventilation indicator is arranged on the side wall of the third port in a manner of indicating the ventilation direction in the joint, and the ventilation indicator is arranged such that an included angle β exists between the central axis and the third port.
According to a preferred embodiment, the ventilation indicator comprises a first tube, one end of the first tube is connected with the third port at an included angle β, a first partition plate and a second partition plate with through holes are respectively arranged at two ends of the first tube, a ball body is arranged between the first partition plate and the second partition plate, and the ball body is slidably connected with the first tube in a manner of moving relative to the inner wall of the first tube based on the air flow in the first tube.
According to a preferred embodiment, the first tube is arranged on the side of the oxygen therapy connector which is far away from the ground when in use. According to a preferred embodiment, a fourth interface for connecting with an oxygen therapy device is arranged on the side wall of the connecting part, and the fourth interface is arranged to form an included angle theta with the first interface.
According to a preferred embodiment, the first port, the second port, the third port, the fourth port, the first rod and the ventilation indicator are integrally formed or fixedly connected.
According to a preferred embodiment, the angles α, β and θ are greater than 0 °, and the angles α, β and θ are less than or equal to 90 °.
Compared with the comparison file, the utility model discloses an useful part includes one of following at least:
firstly, set up the third interface, set up the check valve at third interface tip, third interface length is fixed, can not prolong, compares with the screwed pipe, and patient's secretion can not gather in the third interface, produces the condition of blockking up the third interface to it is cleaner when using. The setting of check valve can be from check valve department expired gas when the patient exhales, can realize sealing when the patient breathes in, improves intraductal pressure, and required work of breathing when reducing the patient and breathing in helps the patient to breathe in, and low in cost simultaneously reduces cost.
Secondly, the lip-shaped valve is arranged at the third interface port, so that one-way ventilation from the outside of the connector to the inside of the connector can be realized, and the pressure in the pipe is increased during expiration, so that the one-way valve can be pushed away. Meanwhile, the sputum suction operation is convenient. And when the patient breathes in, when the oxygen suppliment is not enough, instantaneous pressure reduces in the joint, and the check valve can be pushed open when not inserting the phlegm pipe of inhaling to carry out outside oxygen suppliment to the patient, with improvement patient's comfort level, can indicate medical personnel to increase oxygen suppliment volume simultaneously.
Third, the setting up of indicator of ventilating makes can indicate patient's breathing process, can insert simultaneously in the lip valve and inhale the phlegm pipe when, and when the oxygen suppliment is not enough in the joint, thereby the spheroid can be washed away and the patient can follow the external air of inhaling and supply, improves patient's comfort level to also can indicate medical personnel to increase the oxygen suppliment volume.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of another preferred embodiment of the present invention.
List of reference numerals
1: first interface center shaft 2: the one-way valve 3: lip-shaped valve
4: first interface 5: fourth interface 6: second interface
7: and (4) sealing the cover 8: flexible flange 9: convex ring
10: the flexible connecting piece 11: ventilation indicator 11-1: first pipe
11-2: first separator 11-3: second separator 11-4: ball body
12: connecting part 13: third interface
Detailed Description
The following detailed description is made with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention. A tracheotomy oxygen therapy connector at least comprises a first interface 4. The first interface 4 is used for inserting a sputum suction tube into the trachea of a patient when a sputum suction operation is required for the patient. A lip valve 3 is provided at a port of the first port 4. The lip valve 3 is connected in a detachable or fixed manner to the inner wall of the first port 4. The fixing and connecting means is such as bonding, welding, etc. The lip valve 3 may be implemented as a Y-shaped lip valve. The tip of the lip valve 3 faces into the first port 4 so that a sputum aspirator can be inserted through the lip valve 3 from outside the first port 4 into the first port 4 and into the trachea of the patient to aspirate blockages within the trachea. When the sputum suction tube is not inserted, the air pressure in the sputum suction tube can enable the lip valve to be automatically closed, and then air cannot be exhausted from the lip valve, so that the end-expiratory air pressure of a patient is increased, and the respiration of the patient is facilitated to be assisted.
According to a preferred embodiment, the present invention further comprises a second port 6 and a connecting portion 12 for insertion into the trachea of a patient. The second port 6 is adapted to be inserted into a tracheotomy of a patient and to communicate with the trachea of the patient for gas exchange. The second port 6, the connecting portion 12 and the first port 4 are coaxially and sequentially connected with the first port central shaft 1 as an axis.
According to a preferred embodiment, a third interface 13 is provided on a side wall of the connection portion 12. The third port 13 is arranged to form an included angle α with the first port 4, and the included angle α is a smaller angle of included angles formed by the third port 13 and the first port 4. The included angle alpha is more than 0 degrees and less than or equal to 90 degrees. A port of the third interface 13 far away from the connecting part 12 is provided with a one-way valve 2. The check valve 2 is provided so that gas in the mouthpiece can be discharged through the check valve 2 and mouthpiece external gas cannot enter through the check valve 2. That is, when the user exhales, the waste gas can be discharged out of the oxygen therapy connector through the one-way valve 2, and when the user inhales oxygen, the one-way valve 2 is closed, and the external air cannot enter the oxygen therapy connector from the one-way valve 2. Sufficient positive end-expiratory pressure can now be provided in the tube so that oxygen can be more easily delivered into the patient's trachea.
According to a preferred embodiment, a ventilation indicator 11 is provided on the side wall of the third port 13 in such a way as to indicate the direction of ventilation in the connector. The ventilation indicator 11 is arranged at an angle beta to the third interface 13. The angle β is the smaller of the angles formed by the ventilation indicator 11 and the third port 13. The included angle beta is more than 0 degree and less than or equal to 90 degrees.
According to a preferred embodiment, the ventilation indicator 11 comprises a first tube 11-1, one end of the first tube 11-1 being connected to the third port 13 at an angle β. The first partition plate 11-2 and the second partition plate 11-3 with through holes are respectively arranged at two ends of the first pipe 11-1. Preferably, the first and second partitions 11-2 and 11-3 are fixedly or detachably connected to the first pipe. A ball 11-4 is arranged between the first clapboard 11-2 and the second clapboard 11-3. Ball 11-4 is slidably connected to first tube 11-1. In use, ball 11-4 is able to move relative to the inner wall of first tube 11-1 based on the flow of air within first tube 11-1. Preferably, the first tube 11-1 is disposed on the side of the oxygen therapy connector away from the ground when in use, so as to prevent water from entering and affecting the function of the first tube 11-1.
The ball body 11-4 is a light ball with certain elasticity. For example, ball 11-4 may be made of rubber. Preferably, ball 11-4 is provided with a vivid color, such as red, yellow, fluorescent, etc., which is easy to attract attention. So as to attract the medical staff to pay attention to whether the patient's breath is in a normal state at all times.
According to a preferred embodiment, the side wall of the connecting portion 12 is further provided with a fourth port 5. The fourth interface 5 is arranged to form an included angle theta with the first interface 4, and the included angle theta is a smaller angle in an included angle formed by the fourth interface 5 and the first interface 4. The included angle theta is greater than 0 DEG and less than or equal to 90 deg. The fourth interface 5 is used for connecting with an external oxygen supply device and delivering oxygen to the interior of the oxygen therapy joint. Oxygen is fed to the patient through the fourth port 5 and the second port 6 into the patient's trachea and further into the patient's lungs. When the medical oxygen supply device is used, the second interface 4 is connected with the trachea of a patient, the fourth interface 5 is connected with an oxygen supply end of a hospital, and oxygen is input into the trachea of the patient through the fourth interface 5 and the second interface 4 and further reaches the lung to supply oxygen to the patient. The lip valve 3 increases the pressure in the oxygen therapy connector to assist the patient in breathing.
When the patient exhales, the pressure in the oxygen therapy connector is increased, and the ball 11-4 slides to the end far away from the third interface 13 and is shielded and held in the first tube by the second clapboard 11-3. When the pressure reaches a certain degree, the one-way valve 2 is pushed open, and the gas exhaled by the patient is exhausted out of the oxygen therapy connector through the one-way valve 2. When the patient inhales, the ball 11-4 moves towards one end close to the third interface 13 relative to the first tube 11-1, is stopped by the first partition 11-2 and is held in the first tube. When sufficient oxygen is supplied to the passage of the fourth interface 5, the oxygen can be supplied to the patient for inhalation, and the lip valve 3 is not opened. And when the oxygen supply in the channel of the fourth interface 5 is insufficient, the patient inhales the oxygen gas in the joint into the lung, the external pressure is higher due to the instant pressure reduction in the joint, the lip valve 3 is opened, and the gas can enter the joint through the lip valve 3, so that the gas can enter the joint from the opening, the oxygen demand of the patient is supplemented, and the safety of the patient in the case of insufficient oxygen supply is ensured. Can help avoiding the injury that brings the patient oxygen suppliment inadequately through above mode of setting up, the oxygen suppliment volume of the outside oxygen supply equipment that simultaneously can audio-visually help medical personnel observe and adjust fourth interface 5 to connect helps keep patient's comfort level.
According to a preferred embodiment, the first port 4, the second port 6, the third port 13, the ventilation indicator 11 and the fourth port 5 are designed or fixedly connected in one piece. Is convenient for production and reduces the production cost.
As shown in fig. 2, according to a preferred embodiment, to facilitate closing the first port 4 when the first port 4 is not in use, to keep the lip valve 3 clean at the port of the first port 4, the end of the first port 4 is further provided with a closure cap 7. The cover 7 is detachably connected to the first port 4 at the first end 4 a. The first end 4a is an end of the first port 4 remote from the connection portion 12. Preferably, the detachable connection can be in the form of a snap connection. A convex part 11 extends from one side of the sealing cover 7 along the first connector central axis 1, and a flexible flange 8 is arranged at one end of the convex part 11 close to the first connector 4 along the radial direction of the first connector central axis 1. The inner wall of the first connector 4 protrudes towards the central axis of the first connector to form a convex ring 9, and the flexible flange 8 is clamped with the convex ring 9 so that the sealing cover 7 is limited at the port of the first connector 4. The cover 7 is connected to the first port 4 by a flexible connection 10. Preferably, the flexible connection 10 and the closure 7 may be of one-piece design. One end of the flexible connecting element 10 opposite to the cover 7 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the first port 4. The means of fixed attachment may be adhesive bonding. The flexible flange 8 is designed integrally or fixedly connected with the projection 11. The material for the projection 11 may be rubber or the like. The material of the flexible flange 8 may be a flexible material such as rubber, latex, etc. Through above setting mode for when need not using first interface 4, can keep lip valve 3 clean, avoid the condition emergence that pollutes lip valve 3 and then lead to patient's respiratory tract infection such as dust or miscellaneous fungus. When the first interface 4 needs to be used, the user can open the sealing cover 7 with only a small force, for example, a medical worker can open the sealing cover with one hand, and then the flexible connecting member 10 can make the sealing cover 7 hang on the first interface 4 all the time without dropping and causing pollution. When the medical cap is used next time, the medical staff can cover the sealing cap 7 with one hand, the operation is convenient, the medical staff can use the sealing cap conveniently, and the work efficiency is improved. Meanwhile, the arrangement mode can prevent hands of medical staff from contacting the convex part 8 and keep the sealing cover 7 clean.
It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments are exemplary, and those skilled in the art can devise various solutions in light of the present disclosure, which are also within the scope of the present disclosure and fall within the scope of the present disclosure. It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the present specification and drawings are illustrative only and are not limiting upon the claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. A tracheotomy oxygen therapy joint at least comprises a first interface (4) used for being connected with a sputum suction pipe,
it is characterized in that the preparation method is characterized in that,
the inner wall of a port of the first interface (4) is provided with a lip-shaped valve (3) in a one-way ventilation mode, and the lip-shaped valve (3) is arranged in the first interface (4) in a mode that gas can only enter the interior of the connector from the outside of the first interface (4) and faces the tip of the first interface (4).
2. The oxygen therapy connector according to claim 1, further comprising a second interface (6) and a connecting portion (12) for inserting into the trachea of a patient, wherein the second interface (6), the connecting portion (12) and the first interface (4) are coaxially connected in sequence with the first interface central axis (1) as an axis.
3. The oxygen therapy connector according to claim 2, wherein a third port (13) is provided on a side wall of the connecting portion (12), the third port (13) being arranged at an angle α to the first port (4).
4. The oxygen therapy connector according to claim 3, wherein the port of the third interface (13) away from the connection portion (12) is provided with a one-way valve (2),
the check valve (2) is arranged in such a way that gas in the interface can be discharged.
5. The oxygen therapy connector according to claim 4, wherein the side wall of the third port (13) is provided with a ventilation indicator (11) in a manner of indicating the ventilation direction in the connector, and the ventilation indicator (11) is arranged in a manner that the central axis forms an included angle β with the third port (13).
6. The oxygen therapy connector according to claim 5, wherein the ventilation indicator (11) comprises a first tube (11-1), one end of the first tube (11-1) is connected with the third port (13) at an included angle β, the two ends of the first tube (11-1) are respectively provided with a first partition plate (11-2) and a second partition plate (11-3) with through holes, a ball body (11-4) is arranged between the first partition plate (11-2) and the second partition plate (11-3), and the ball body (11-4) is connected with the first tube (11-1) in a sliding manner in which the ball body can move relative to the inner wall of the first tube (11-1) based on the air flow in the first tube (11-1).
7. The oxygen therapy connector as claimed in claim 6, wherein the first tube (11-1) is provided on a side of the oxygen therapy connector which, in use, is remote from the ground.
8. The oxygen therapy connector according to claim 7, wherein a fourth port (5) for connecting with an oxygen delivery device is arranged on the side wall of the connecting part (12), and the fourth port (5) is arranged to form an included angle θ with the first port (4).
9. The oxygen therapy connector according to claim 8, wherein the first interface (4), the second interface (6), the third interface (13), the fourth interface (5), and the ventilation indicator (11) are integrally formed or fixedly connected.
10. The oxygen therapy connector according to claim 9, wherein the included angles α, β and θ are greater than 0 °, and the included angles α, β and θ are less than or equal to 90 °.
CN202022894368.0U 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Tracheotomy oxygen therapy connector Active CN214596741U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022894368.0U CN214596741U (en) 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Tracheotomy oxygen therapy connector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022894368.0U CN214596741U (en) 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Tracheotomy oxygen therapy connector

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214596741U true CN214596741U (en) 2021-11-05

Family

ID=78429004

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022894368.0U Active CN214596741U (en) 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Tracheotomy oxygen therapy connector

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214596741U (en)

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