CN217119078U - A speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient - Google Patents

A speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217119078U
CN217119078U CN202123412669.6U CN202123412669U CN217119078U CN 217119078 U CN217119078 U CN 217119078U CN 202123412669 U CN202123412669 U CN 202123412669U CN 217119078 U CN217119078 U CN 217119078U
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oxygen
patient
connecting pipe
oxygen inhalation
speech function
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Inventor
纪晓霞
朱蔚仪
吴树瀚
陈锦月
谢芬
辛季麟
黄佳慧
周玉华
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Shantou central hospital
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Shantou central hospital
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a speech function trainer for tracheotomy patients, which comprises a tracheal cannula connector, a ventilation component and an oxygen inhalation connecting pipe; the ventilation component is internally provided with a ventilation cavity and is provided with a patient end interface, an oxygen suction inlet and an exhaust port which are communicated with the ventilation cavity; the tracheal cannula connector is arranged on the interface at the end of a patient, a one-way inhalation valve is arranged in the oxygen inhalation port, the air outlet end of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is communicated with the oxygen inhalation port, and a one-way exhalation valve or a one-way diaphragm is arranged on the air outlet. The speech function trainer can assist the tracheotomy patient to smoothly complete oxygen intake and phonation speaking, so that the patient can clearly express self will and treatment feeling, and the trachea of the tracheotomy patient can be prevented from directly contacting dry, cold or unfiltered air, thereby improving the comfort of the tracheotomy patient.

Description

A speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a medical instrument, concretely relates to speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient.
Background
Tracheotomy (tracheotomy for short), which requires cutting the neck trachea and placing a tracheal cannula is a common operation for relieving dyspnea caused by laryngeal dyspnea, respiratory dysfunction or retention of lower respiratory secretions. In the medical field in China, for a sober patient with a tracheotomy, in order to speak, the simple method is to adopt a cork, a cotton stick, an adhesive tape and the like to temporarily block the entrance of a tracheal cannula, and if the trachea cannula is successfully developed, the cannula is pulled out in a short time; otherwise, the long time for blocking the tube can lead to chronic hypoxia of the patient and influence the functions of important organs such as brain, heart, lung and the like. In addition, sputum is sticky and cannot be expectorated, forming a crusted sputum, which may result in asphyxia. In addition, for autogenous tracheostomy patients, speaking valves are assembled at the end of the intubation tube in the prior art to realize the phonation of the patients, so that the patients can clearly express self-intention and treatment feeling. The existing speaking valve usually comprises a tubular cylindrical shell, one port of the tubular cylindrical shell is connected with a cannula, the other end of the tubular cylindrical shell is provided with a one-way diaphragm, and pressure is formed in the tubular cylindrical shell through the one-way diaphragm, so that a patient can make a sound, but the speaking valve can not ensure the supply of oxygen and needs to be separated when absorbing phlegm; moreover, such speaking valves tend to expose the trachea to direct contact with dry, cold or unfiltered air when the tracheotomy patient inhales, causing discomfort to the tracheotomy patient's trachea, and the resulting irritation may lead to increased mucus production, thereby resulting in a risk of blockage.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that a speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient is provided, this kind of speech function training ware can assist autogenous cutting patient to accomplish smoothly taking in and the vocal speaking of oxygen, not only makes the patient can express self wish and treatment impression clearly, can avoid autogenous cutting patient's trachea direct contact drying, cold or not filtered air moreover to improve the travelling comfort that autogenous cutting patient used. The technical scheme is as follows:
the utility model provides a speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient, includes tracheal cannula connector, its characterized in that: the oxygen inhalation device also comprises a ventilation component and an oxygen inhalation connecting pipe; the ventilation component is internally provided with a ventilation cavity and is provided with a patient end interface, an oxygen suction inlet and an exhaust port which are communicated with the ventilation cavity; the tracheal cannula connector is arranged on an interface at the end of a patient, a one-way inhalation valve is arranged in an oxygen inhalation port, the air outlet end of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is communicated with the oxygen inhalation port, and a one-way exhalation valve or a one-way diaphragm is arranged on the air outlet.
When in use, the tracheal cannula connector is sleeved at the inlet of the tracheal cannula, and the air inlet end of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is connected with the oxygen inhalation pipe; when a patient inhales, a certain negative pressure is generated in the ventilation cavity, the one-way inhalation valve is opened, the one-way exhalation valve or the one-way diaphragm blocks the exhaust port, oxygen conveyed by the oxygen suction pipe enters the ventilation cavity through the oxygen suction connecting pipe and the one-way inhalation valve in sequence, and then enters the lung from the respiratory tract of the tracheotomy patient through the tracheal cannula connector and the tracheal cannula; when a patient exhales, a certain positive pressure is generated in the ventilation cavity, the one-way inhalation valve blocks oxygen conveyed by the oxygen inhalation tube from entering the ventilation cavity, and after the pressure in the ventilation cavity rises, the one-way exhalation valve or the one-way diaphragm opens the exhaust port, and airflow in the ventilation cavity can come out of the exhaust port to release the over-high pressure in the ventilation cavity; because the unidirectional expiratory valve or the unidirectional diaphragm can generate resistance to expiration of the tracheotomy patient, airflow exhaled by the tracheotomy patient can pass through a gap between the tracheal wall and the tracheal cannula, passes through the vocal cords and is exhaled by the mouth and the nose, and the vocal cords are vibrated to produce speaking. The speech function trainer can assist a tracheostomy patient to smoothly complete oxygen intake and phonation speaking, so that the patient can clearly express self will and treatment feeling, and the trachea of the tracheostomy patient can be prevented from directly contacting dry, cold or unfiltered air, thereby improving the use comfort of the tracheostomy patient.
The oxygen inhalation connecting pipe can be designed and manufactured according to actual requirements, and the sizes of the openings of the air inlet end and the air outlet end of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe are respectively equivalent to the sizes of the opening of the end part of the oxygen inhalation pipe and the oxygen inhalation port which need to be connected. The air inlet end and the air outlet end of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe are respectively connected with the oxygen inhalation pipe and the oxygen inhalation inlet, so that the connection is easy and the connection effect is good.
In the preferred scheme, the oxygen absorption connecting pipe is a rubber pipe or a flexible plastic pipe, so that the oxygen absorption connecting pipe is easy to manufacture and low in cost.
In a preferred scheme, the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is provided with two air inlet ends and one air outlet end, the air outlet end of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is communicated with the oxygen suction inlet, and the sizes of the openings of the two air inlet ends of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe are different. The air inlet end with the smaller size of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is used for connecting a common oxygen inhalation pipe, and the air inlet end with the larger size of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is used for connecting a heating and humidifying oxygen inhalation pipe of a respiratory humidification therapeutic apparatus. When the utility model is used, medical care personnel can select to supply ordinary oxygen or heat and humidify oxygen to the tracheotomy patient according to the demand, further improve the travelling comfort that the tracheotomy patient used.
In a more preferable scheme, the oxygen absorption connecting pipe is Y-shaped or T-shaped.
In a more preferable scheme, two air inlet end openings of the oxygen absorption connecting pipe are respectively and detachably provided with a sealing plug. When the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is used, after one air inlet end opening of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is selected by medical personnel according to requirements to be connected with the corresponding oxygen inhalation pipe, the other air inlet end opening of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe can be plugged by the sealing plug, so that the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe can be ensured to keep better air tightness.
In a further more preferable scheme, the sealing plug is connected with the outer wall of the oxygen-absorbing connecting pipe through a connecting soft strip. Thus, the situation that the sealing plug is lost due to random placement can be prevented.
In a preferred scheme, the ventilation component is a T-shaped catheter, an inner cavity of the T-shaped catheter forms a ventilation cavity, and three end openings of the T-shaped catheter respectively form the patient end interface, the oxygen suction inlet and the exhaust outlet.
In a preferred scheme, a limiting plate is arranged on the exhaust port, a communication port is formed in the limiting plate, and the one-way expiratory valve is installed in the communication port.
In another preferred scheme, an air outlet grid is arranged on the air outlet, a mounting rod is arranged on the air outlet grid, and the one-way diaphragm is mounted on the mounting rod and is positioned on the outer side of the air outlet grid. When a patient inhales, certain negative pressure is generated in the ventilation cavity, the one-way diaphragm is tightly attached to the air outlet grating under the action of the negative pressure and is completely flattened, the opening on the air outlet grating is covered, and the air outlet is blocked; when the patient exhales, after the pressure in the ventilation cavity rises, the one-way diaphragm bends outwards and deforms, part of the one-way diaphragm is separated from the opening on the ventilation grid, and the airflow in the ventilation cavity can come out from the opening on the ventilation grid so as to release the over-high pressure in the ventilation cavity.
The structure and principle of the above one-way inhalation valve and one-way exhalation valve can refer to the specification of the chinese utility model with application number 201620311292.5, which belongs to the prior art and will not be described in detail here.
Generally, the tracheal tube connector is made of an elastic material (such as rubber and the like) so as to maintain the firmness of connection with the tracheal tube and prevent the device from falling off the tracheal tube when a patient coughs or exhales vigorously; the unidirectional membrane is made of elastic soft materials.
Usually, be provided with on one side of tracheal cannula entry and inhale the phlegm mouth, when the tracheal cannula connector cover in tracheal cannula's entry, can be with inhaling the one end of phlegm pipe and connecting on sputum discharging mouth, utilize and inhale the phlegm pipe and inhale the phlegm to the autogenous cutting patient.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model, have following advantage:
the speech function trainer can assist the tracheotomy patient to smoothly complete oxygen intake and phonation speaking, so that the patient can clearly express self will and treatment feeling, and the trachea of the tracheotomy patient can be prevented from directly contacting dry, cold or unfiltered air, thereby improving the comfort level of the tracheotomy patient.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a second preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
Example one
As shown in fig. 1, the speech function trainer for tracheotomy patients comprises a tracheal cannula connector 1, a ventilation component 2 and an oxygen inhalation connecting tube 3; the ventilation component 2 is internally provided with a ventilation cavity 201, and the ventilation component 2 is provided with a patient end interface 202, an oxygen suction port 203 and an exhaust port 204 which are communicated with the ventilation cavity 201; the tracheal cannula connector 1 is mounted on the patient end interface 202, the oxygen inhalation port 203 is internally provided with the one-way inhalation valve 4, the air outlet end 301 of the oxygen inhalation connecting tube 3 is communicated with the oxygen inhalation port 203, the exhaust port 204 is provided with a limiting plate 21, the limiting plate 21 is provided with a communicating port 211, and the communicating port 211 is internally provided with the one-way exhalation valve 5.
In this embodiment, the ventilation member 2 is a T-shaped catheter, the inner cavity of the T-shaped catheter constitutes a ventilation cavity 201, and three end openings of the T-shaped catheter constitute a patient end interface 202, an oxygen inhalation port 203, and an exhaust port 204, respectively.
In this embodiment, the oxygen-absorbing connecting tube 3 is a rubber tube or a flexible plastic tube; the oxygen-absorbing connecting pipe 33 is T-shaped and has an air outlet end 301 and two air inlet ends 302, and the two air inlet ends 302 of the oxygen-absorbing connecting pipe 3 have different opening sizes; the air inlet end 302 with the smaller size of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe 3 is used for connecting a common oxygen inhalation pipe, and the air inlet end 302 with the larger size of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe 3 is used for connecting a heating and humidifying oxygen inhalation pipe of a respiratory humidification therapeutic apparatus. The oxygen inhalation connecting pipe 3 can be designed and manufactured according to actual requirements, the size of the opening of the air outlet end 301 of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe 3 is equivalent to the size of the oxygen inhalation port 203 which needs to be connected, the size of the opening of the air inlet end 302 with smaller size of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe 3 is equivalent to the size of the opening of the end part of a common oxygen inhalation pipe which needs to be connected, the size of the opening of the air inlet end 302 with larger size of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe 3 is equivalent to the size of the opening of the end part of a heating and humidifying oxygen inhalation pipe which needs to be connected, the connection is easy, and the connection effect is good.
Two air inlet end 302 openings of the oxygen absorption connecting pipe 3 are respectively and detachably provided with a sealing plug 31, and the sealing plug 31 is connected with the outer wall of the oxygen absorption connecting pipe 3 through a connecting soft strip 32. When in use, after a medical worker selects one of the air inlet end 302 openings of the oxygen inhalation connecting tube 3 to be connected with a corresponding oxygen inhalation tube according to requirements, the other air inlet end 302 opening of the oxygen inhalation connecting tube 3 can be plugged by the sealing plug 31, so that the oxygen inhalation connecting tube 3 can be ensured to keep good air tightness; the connecting flexible strip 32 prevents the sealing plug 31 from being lost.
In this embodiment, the tracheal cannula connector 1 is made of an elastic material (such as rubber) to maintain the connection with the tracheal cannula firmly, so that the device will not be pulled out from the tracheal cannula when the patient coughs or exhales vigorously.
The following briefly describes the use of the speech function training device:
when in use, the tracheal cannula connector 1 is sleeved at the entrance of the tracheal cannula, and the two air inlet ends 302 of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe 3 are respectively connected with a common oxygen inhalation pipe and a heating and humidifying oxygen inhalation pipe of a respiratory humidification therapeutic apparatus, so that common oxygen or heating and humidifying oxygen can be selectively supplied to an tracheotomy patient according to the requirement; when a patient inhales, a certain negative pressure is generated in the ventilation cavity 201, so that the one-way inhalation valve 4 is opened, the one-way exhalation valve 5 blocks the exhaust port 204, oxygen conveyed by the oxygen suction tube sequentially passes through the oxygen suction tube, the oxygen suction connecting tube 3 and the one-way inhalation valve 4 to enter the ventilation cavity 201, and then enters the lung from the respiratory tract of the tracheotomy patient through the tracheal cannula connector 1 and the tracheal cannula; when the patient exhales, a certain positive pressure is generated in the ventilation cavity 201, so that the one-way inhalation valve 4 is closed, oxygen conveyed by the oxygen inhalation tube is blocked from entering the ventilation cavity 201, and after the pressure in the ventilation cavity 201 rises, the one-way exhalation valve 5 is made to open the exhaust port 204, and the airflow in the ventilation cavity 201 can come out from the communication port 211 to release the excessively high pressure in the ventilation cavity 201; because the one-way expiratory valve 5 can generate resistance to expiration of the tracheostomy patient, airflow exhaled by the tracheostomy patient can pass through a gap between the tracheal wall and the outside of the tracheal cannula, pass through the vocal cords and be exhaled by the mouth and the nose, and the vocal cords are vibrated to produce sound and speak.
Example two
Referring to fig. 2, in the case where the other parts are the same as those of the first embodiment, the difference is: the exhaust port 204 is provided with an outlet grille 22, the outlet grille 22 is provided with a mounting rod 23, the mounting rod 23 is provided with a one-way diaphragm 6, and the one-way diaphragm 6 is positioned outside the outlet grille 22 and can cover an opening 221 on the outlet grille 22. In this embodiment, the unidirectional diaphragm 6 is made of an elastic soft material.
When a patient inhales, a certain negative pressure is generated in the ventilation cavity 201, the one-way diaphragm 6 is tightly attached to the air outlet grid 22 under the action of the negative pressure and is completely flattened, the opening 221 on the air outlet grid 22 is covered, and the air outlet 204 is blocked; when the patient exhales, after the pressure in the ventilation cavity 201 rises, the one-way diaphragm 6 bends and deforms outwards, partially separating from the opening 221 on the air outlet grid 22, and the airflow in the ventilation cavity 201 can go out from the opening 221 on the air outlet grid 22 to release the excessive pressure in the ventilation cavity 201; because the unidirectional diaphragm 6 can generate resistance to the expiration of the tracheostomy patient, the airflow exhaled by the tracheostomy patient can pass through the gaps between the tracheal wall and the tracheal cannula, pass through the vocal cords and be exhaled by the mouth and the nose, and the vocal cords are vibrated to produce the voice.
In addition, it should be noted that the names of the parts and the like of the embodiments described in the present specification may be different, and all the equivalent or simple changes made according to the structure, the features and the principle of the present invention are included in the protection scope of the present invention. Various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the accompanying claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient, includes tracheal cannula connector, its characterized in that: the oxygen inhalation device also comprises a ventilation component and an oxygen inhalation connecting pipe; the ventilation component is internally provided with a ventilation cavity and is provided with a patient end interface, an oxygen suction inlet and an exhaust port which are communicated with the ventilation cavity; the tracheal cannula connector is arranged on the interface at the end of a patient, a one-way inhalation valve is arranged in the oxygen inhalation port, the air outlet end of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is communicated with the oxygen inhalation port, and a one-way exhalation valve or a one-way diaphragm is arranged on the air outlet.
2. The speech function trainer for tracheotomy patients according to claim 1, characterized in that: the exhaust port is provided with a limiting plate, the limiting plate is provided with a communication port, and the one-way expiratory valve is installed in the communication port.
3. The speech function trainer for tracheotomy patients according to claim 1, characterized in that: the exhaust port is provided with an air outlet grating, the air outlet grating is provided with a mounting rod, and the one-way diaphragm is mounted on the mounting rod and is positioned on the outer side of the air outlet grating.
4. The speech function trainer for tracheotomy patients according to claim 1, characterized in that: the ventilation component is a T-shaped catheter, the inner cavity of the T-shaped catheter forms a ventilation cavity, and three end openings of the T-shaped catheter respectively form the patient end interface, the oxygen suction inlet and the exhaust outlet.
5. The speech function trainer for tracheotomy patients according to claim 1, characterized in that: the oxygen absorption connecting pipe is a rubber pipe or a flexible plastic pipe.
6. A speech function training device for use in an autogenous cutting patient according to any one of claims 1-5, wherein: the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is provided with two air inlet ends and one air outlet end, the air outlet end of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is communicated with the oxygen inhalation inlet, and the sizes of the openings of the two air inlet ends of the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe are different.
7. The speech function trainer for tracheotomy patients according to claim 6, wherein: the oxygen inhalation connecting pipe is Y-shaped or T-shaped.
8. The speech function trainer for tracheotomy patients according to claim 6, wherein: two air inlet end openings of the oxygen uptake connecting pipe are respectively and detachably provided with a sealing plug.
9. The speech function trainer for tracheotomy patients according to claim 8, wherein: the sealing plug is connected with the outer wall of the oxygen absorption connecting pipe through a connecting soft strip.
10. A speech function training device for use in an autogenous cutting patient according to any one of claims 1-5, wherein: the tracheal tube connecting head is made of elastic materials.
CN202123412669.6U 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 A speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient Active CN217119078U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123412669.6U CN217119078U (en) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 A speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123412669.6U CN217119078U (en) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 A speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN217119078U true CN217119078U (en) 2022-08-05

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202123412669.6U Active CN217119078U (en) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 A speech function training ware for autogenous cutting patient

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN217119078U (en)

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