CN212369400U - Tracheal catheter with automatic phlegm eliminating function and automatic phlegm eliminating device - Google Patents

Tracheal catheter with automatic phlegm eliminating function and automatic phlegm eliminating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212369400U
CN212369400U CN201921152658.9U CN201921152658U CN212369400U CN 212369400 U CN212369400 U CN 212369400U CN 201921152658 U CN201921152658 U CN 201921152658U CN 212369400 U CN212369400 U CN 212369400U
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tube
automatic
pipe
endotracheal tube
sputum
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CN201921152658.9U
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高宏
田鸣
苏殿三
高巨
黄东晓
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Wuxi Shengnuoya Technology Co Ltd
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Wuxi Shengnuoya Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a endotracheal tube with automatic phlegm elimination function, endotracheal tube put into the endotracheal shared breather pipe, be located breathing pipe and exhaling pipe outside the trachea when ventilating, exhaling pipe is provided with the intercommunicating pore, and the intercommunicating pore is used for the long-pending phlegm container of intercommunication, in addition the utility model discloses an automatic phlegm elimination device is still disclosed, including endotracheal tube and the exhaling looks sputum elimination appearance that has the automatic phlegm elimination function, exhaling looks sputum elimination appearance includes the thorax oscillator, and the thorax oscillator is equipped with respiratory state monitoring sensor, and whether respiratory state monitoring sensor judges the thorax oscillator through monitoring patient respiratory state and works. The utility model discloses a real-time phlegm of inhaling to make endotracheal tube do not have sputum backlog, thereby prolong endotracheal tube's wearing time, give patient sufficient recovered time, avoid carrying out the tracheotomy and cause the unnecessary infection.

Description

Tracheal catheter with automatic phlegm eliminating function and automatic phlegm eliminating device
Technical Field
The utility model discloses the medical instrument field especially relates to a endotracheal tube and automatic phlegm eliminating device with automatic phlegm eliminating function.
Background
The trachea cannula is a technology for placing a special endotracheal tube into a trachea through a glottis, and the technology of the trachea cannula can help realize smooth air passage, ventilation and oxygen supply, respiratory tract suction and prevent aspiration.
If the patient can not take off the tracheal catheter after the tracheal catheter is placed for a long time, the patient needs to perform tracheotomy, the tracheotomy is high in cost and risk, and the incision infection and even the death of the patient are easily caused after the tracheotomy. Even tracheotomy rehabilitation is often accompanied by significant scarring of the patient's neck, which not only affects appearance, but also causes narrowing of the tracheal lumen, with other risks. At present, the sputum suction method during the tracheal intubation generally adopts artificial sputum suction at intervals of 2-3 hours. Sputum gathers in the trachea during interval, and the air current flows back and forth when breathing and takes away moisture, leads to partial sputum drying to form the sputum scab, is difficult to the negative pressure suction, and even the sputum scab blocks up endotracheal tube inner chamber, and the resistance of ventilating increases, and airway pressure risees. Meanwhile, the artificial sputum suction also increases the burden of medical personnel, and the tracheal mucosa is damaged by a plurality of sputum suction operations, so that the cilia of the tracheal mucosa are damaged, the sputum excretion capability is reduced, and the lung infection probability of a patient is increased.
Therefore, it is desirable to provide a tracheal catheter and an automatic expectorant device which have low damage, high efficiency and can automatically eliminate phlegm, reduce the probability of lung infection of patients, prolong the ventilation time for inserting the tracheal catheter and reduce the probability of tracheotomy.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The embodiment of the utility model discloses endotracheal tube and automatic phlegm eliminating device with automatic phlegm eliminating function adopts through real-time phlegm of inhaling to make endotracheal tube do not have sputum backlog, thereby prolong endotracheal tube's wearing time, give patient sufficient recovered time, avoid carrying out the trachea and open the operation.
In order to realize the above-mentioned purpose, the embodiment of the utility model provides a endotracheal tube with automatic phlegm elimination function, put into the endotracheal shared breather pipe, be located breathing pipe and exhaling pipe outside the trachea during ventilating, the shared breather pipe communicates respectively the head end of breathing pipe with the head end of exhaling pipe, the tail end setting of breathing pipe is used for the interface of breathing in of intercommunication breathing in pipeline, the tail end setting of exhaling pipe is used for the expiration interface of intercommunication exhaling pipeline, exhaling pipe is provided with the intercommunicating pore, the intercommunicating pore is used for communicating the long-pending phlegm container.
This structure is with breathing pipe and exhaling the pipe separation to set up the long-pending phlegm container in exhaling the pipe, through the drive of breathing machine, carry out the automatic phlegm elimination, make endotracheal tube do not have the sputum backlog, prolong endotracheal tube's the live time.
Furthermore, the breathing pipe is provided with a humidifier, atomized gas generated by the humidifier enters the lung through the breathing pipe, and the breathing pipe is provided with the humidifier, so that sputum can be desalted, and too dry sputum is avoided.
Furthermore, an anti-reflux structure is arranged on the inner wall of the common vent pipe and used for reducing sputum in the common vent pipe from flowing into the trachea, so that sputum overstock of the trachea is reduced.
Furthermore, the anti-reflux structure is a bulge, the bulge parts are distributed on two sides of the inner wall of the trachea, and one end of the bulge is connected with the inner wall of the common vent pipe. The bulges at the two sides of the inner wall of the trachea can reduce the flow of sputum in the common ventilation tube to the trachea.
Furthermore, the backflow prevention knot is of a fish scale-shaped structure, the fish scale-shaped structure is distributed on two sides of the inner wall of the trachea, and one end of the fish scale-shaped structure is connected with the inner wall of the common vent pipe. The fish scale structure can make the sputum flow along the direction of villus and is not easy to flow into trachea.
Furthermore, the tracheal catheter body further comprises a connecting inflation tube, the sputum accumulation container is provided with an air inlet and an air outlet, and the horizontal position of the air inlet is lower than that of the air outlet. The horizontal position of the air inlet is lower than the position of the air outlet, and the air outlet is provided with a water-blocking breathable film, so that the common vent pipe can be prevented from being polluted.
Furthermore, the inner walls of the common vent pipe and the expiration pipe are coated with hydrophilic materials, so that sputum can be more smoothly discharged out of the common vent pipe and smoothly enter the sputum accumulation container.
Furthermore, an expiration one-way valve is arranged in the expiration pipe, or/and an inspiration one-way valve 9 is arranged in the inspiration pipe. Through setting up the check valve for sputum does not flow into sharing breather pipe.
Further, the inhalation interface and the exhalation interface may be separate interfaces independent of each other.
Furthermore, the inspiration interface at the tail end of the inspiration tube and the expiration interface at the tail end of the expiration tube are connected with a breathing machine through double cavities and double interfaces, the double cavities and the double interfaces are three-way valves, one end of each three-way valve is connected with the breathing machine through a single interface, and the other end of each three-way valve is connected with the inspiration interface at the tail end of the inspiration tube and the expiration interface at the tail end of the expiration tube through double interfaces respectively.
In addition, the embodiment of the utility model also provides an automatic phlegm eliminating device, which comprises the tracheal catheter with the automatic phlegm eliminating function and an expiratory phase sputum excretion instrument, wherein the expiratory phase sputum excretion instrument comprises a thoracic cavity oscillator, and the thoracic cavity oscillator is provided with a respiratory state monitoring sensor; patient chest wall portion is arranged in to the thorax oscillator, respiratory state monitoring sensor is used for monitoring patient respiratory state, and when the patient exhales, the thorax oscillator vibrates the thorax, and when the patient breathes in, the thorax oscillator standby.
This automatic phlegm eliminating device has included the utility model discloses a endotracheal tube and exhaling nature sputum discharging instrument with automatic phlegm eliminating function, this sputum discharging instrument is through breathing monitoring sensor monitoring patient's respiratory state, judges whether to vibrate the thorax according to respiratory state, strengthens the effect of eliminating the phlegm through the combination of vibrating thorax and endotracheal tube.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a endotracheal tube with automatic phlegm elimination function's beneficial effect lies in:
1. the utility model discloses under the drive of breathing machine, when can inhale the phlegm in real time, reduce the damage to the trachea mucosa for endotracheal tube does not have sputum backlog, prolongs endotracheal tube's wearing time, is particularly suitable for ICU severe patient's nursing.
2. The utility model discloses the humidifier that sets up can dilute the sputum, makes the sputum more smoothly flow into long-pending phlegm container.
3. The utility model discloses a simple structure against the current adopts protruding or the mode of fish scale column structure for sputum flow direction expiratory tube is difficult for flowing toward the trachea, and these two kinds of modes are very simple, easily the operation.
4. The utility model discloses an expiratory phase sputum excretion instrument cooperates with the endotracheal tube of the automatic sputum excretion function, and the sputum excretion effect is better showing.
5. Through using the technical scheme of the utility model, can prolong endotracheal tube live time, endotracheal tube live time is longer, and patient takes place the possibility of complication and is lower, and the trachea opens the operation and is the high risk operation, reduces the probability of cutting, improves patient's viability.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a second embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a third embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the anti-reflux structure of the present invention.
The reference signs are: 1 common vent pipe, 2 air suction pipe, 3 air expiration pipe, 4 air suction interface, 5 air expiration interface, 6 sputum accumulation container, 7 humidifier, 8 anti-reflux structure, 9 air suction one-way valve, 10 air expiration one-way valve, 11 water-proof and air-permeable film, and 12 double-cavity double interfaces.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In the present invention, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "middle", "vertical", "horizontal", "lateral", "longitudinal", and the like indicate the orientation or positional relationship based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings. These terms are used primarily to better describe the invention and its embodiments, and are not used to limit the structures, elements or components indicated to have a particular orientation or to be constructed and operated in a particular orientation.
Moreover, some of the above terms may be used to indicate other meanings besides the orientation or positional relationship, for example, the term "on" may also be used to indicate some kind of attachment or connection relationship in some cases. The specific meaning of these terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
Furthermore, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "provided," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly. For example, it may be a fixed connection, a removable connection, or a unitary construction; can be a mechanical connection, or an electrical connection; may be directly connected, or indirectly connected through intervening media, or may be in communication between two structures, elements or components. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like, are used primarily to distinguish between different structures, elements, or components (which may or may not be the same in particular nature or configuration), and are not used to indicate or imply the relative importance or importance of the structures, elements, or components. "plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
The technical solution of the present invention will be further described with reference to the following embodiments and the accompanying drawings.
The first embodiment is as follows:
referring to fig. 1, the endotracheal tube with the automatic phlegm eliminating function comprises a common breathing tube 1 which is arranged in the endotracheal tube during ventilation, an breathing tube 2 and an expiration tube 3 which are arranged outside the endotracheal tube, wherein the head end of the breathing tube 2 and the head end of the expiration tube 3 are respectively communicated with the common breathing tube 1, the tail end of the breathing tube 2 is provided with an inspiration interface 4 which is used for communicating 2 paths of the breathing tube, the tail end of the expiration tube 3 is provided with an expiration interface 5 which is used for communicating 3 paths of the expiration tube, and the expiration tube 3 is provided with a communication hole which is used for communicating a phlegm accumulation container 6. The tracheal tube separates the breathing tube 2 from the expiration tube 3, so that gas enters from the breathing tube 2 and exits from the expiration tube 3, and the inner walls of the common breathing tube 1 and the expiration tube 3 are coated with hydrophilic materials under the drive of a breathing machine, so that sputum flows to a sputum accumulation container 6 of the expiration tube 3 along with breathing in a more lubricating way; this long-pending phlegm container 6 is provided with air inlet and gas outlet, and the horizontal position of air inlet is less than the gas outlet position, the gas outlet is provided with the ventilated membrane 11 that blocks water, avoids sputum to pollute endotracheal tube. The breathing tube is characterized in that an inspiration interface at the tail end of the inspiration tube and an expiration interface at the tail end of the expiration tube are respectively and independently connected with a breathing machine through mutually independent interfaces, namely, an inspiration interface 4 at the tail end of the inspiration tube 2 is independently connected with an inspiration pipeline of the breathing machine, and an expiration interface 5 at the tail end of the expiration tube 3 is independently connected with an expiration pipeline. This automatic phlegm eliminating device still includes expiratory phase sputum elimination appearance, and expiratory phase sputum elimination appearance includes the thorax oscillator, and the thorax oscillator is equipped with respiratory state monitoring sensor, and patient chest wall portion is arranged in to the thorax oscillator, and respiratory state monitoring sensor can monitor patient respiratory state, and when the patient exhales, the thorax oscillator vibrates the thorax, makes sputum flow direction expiratory tube 3, when the patient breathes in, thorax oscillator standby. Through using expiratory phase sputum excretion appearance cooperation to have the endotracheal tube of automatic phlegm elimination function, make the utility model discloses an automatic phlegm elimination device phlegm elimination effect is better showing.
Example two:
referring to fig. 2, the endotracheal tube with the automatic phlegm eliminating function comprises a common breathing tube 1 which is arranged in the endotracheal tube during ventilation, an breathing tube 2 and an expiration tube 3 which are arranged outside the endotracheal tube, wherein the head end of the breathing tube 2 and the head end of the expiration tube 3 are respectively communicated with the common breathing tube 1, the tail end of the breathing tube 2 is provided with an inspiration interface 4 which is used for being communicated with 2 paths of the breathing tube, the tail end of the expiration tube 3 is provided with an expiration interface 5 which is used for being communicated with 3 paths of the expiration tube, and the expiration tube 3 is provided with a communication hole which is used for being communicated with. The tracheal tube separates the breathing tube 2 from the expiration tube 3, so that gas enters from the breathing tube 2 and exits from the expiration tube 3, and the inner walls of the common breathing tube 1 and the expiration tube 3 are coated with hydrophilic materials under the drive of a breathing machine, so that sputum flows to a sputum accumulation container 6 of the expiration tube 3 along with breathing in a more lubricating way; this long-pending phlegm container 6 is provided with air inlet and gas outlet, and the horizontal position of air inlet is less than the gas outlet position, the gas outlet is provided with the ventilated membrane 11 that blocks water, avoids sputum to pollute endotracheal tube. Be equipped with expiration check valve 10 in the expiratory tube 3, be equipped with the check valve 9 of breathing in the breathing pipe 2, through the setting of check valve for gas is gone into by breathing pipe 2, and expiratory tube 3 goes out, and the sputum flows along with gaseous circulation direction, avoids flowing into in the breather pipe. An inspiration interface 4 at the tail end of the inspiration tube 2 and an expiration interface 5 at the tail end of the expiration tube 3 are connected with a breathing machine by adopting double-cavity double interfaces, wherein the double-cavity double interfaces 12 are three-way valves, one end of each three-way valve is connected with the breathing machine through a single interface, and the other end of each three-way valve is connected with the inspiration interface 4 at the tail end of the inspiration tube 2 and the expiration interface 5 at the tail end of the expiration tube 3 through double interfaces. This automatic phlegm eliminating device still includes expiratory phase sputum elimination appearance, and expiratory phase sputum elimination appearance includes the thorax oscillator, and the thorax oscillator is equipped with respiratory state monitoring sensor, and patient chest wall portion is arranged in to the thorax oscillator, and respiratory state monitoring sensor can monitor patient respiratory state, and when the patient exhales, the thorax oscillator vibrates the thorax, makes sputum flow direction expiratory tube 3, when the patient breathes in, thorax oscillator standby. Through using expiratory phase sputum excretion appearance cooperation to have the endotracheal tube of automatic phlegm elimination function, make the utility model discloses an automatic phlegm elimination device phlegm elimination effect is better showing.
Example three:
referring to fig. 3-4, the basic structure of the third embodiment is the same as that of the second embodiment, and the difference is:
the air outlet of the sputum accumulation container 6 is provided with a water-blocking and air-permeable membrane 11, so that the sputum is prevented from polluting the tracheal catheter. The air suction pipe 2 is provided with a humidifier 7, atomizing gas generated by the humidifier 7 enters the lung through the air suction pipe 2, and the humidifier 7 can desalt sputum to avoid too dry sputum. The inner wall of the common vent pipe 1 is provided with an anti-reflux structure 8, and the anti-reflux structure 8 is used for reducing the flow of sputum in the common vent pipe 1 to the trachea, so that the sputum backlog in the trachea can be effectively reduced.
The embodiment of the present invention discloses a tracheal catheter with automatic phlegm eliminating function and a phlegm eliminating device, wherein the detailed description is provided, and the specific examples are applied to explain the principle and the implementation of the present invention, and the description of the above embodiments is only used to help understand the tracheal catheter with automatic phlegm eliminating function, the touch screen device and the core idea thereof; meanwhile, for the general technical personnel in the field, according to the idea of the present invention, there are changes in the specific implementation and application scope, and in summary, the content of the present specification should not be understood as the limitation of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. The utility model provides a endotracheal tube with automatic phlegm elimination function, its characterized in that, including put into in the trachea shared breather pipe (1) when ventilating, be located breathing pipe (2) and exhale pipe (3) outside the trachea, shared breather pipe (1) communicates respectively the head end of breathing pipe (2) with the head end of exhaling pipe (3), the tail end of breathing pipe (2) sets up interface (4) of breathing in that are used for communicateing breathing pipe (2) way, the tail end of exhaling pipe (3) sets up exhale interface (5) that are used for communicateing exhale pipe (3) way, exhale pipe (3) are provided with the intercommunicating pore, the intercommunicating pore is used for communicateing long-pending phlegm container (6).
2. An endotracheal tube with an automatic expectorant function according to claim 1 characterized in that the inhalation tube (2) is provided with a humidifier (7), the humidifier (7) being adapted to generate humidified gases entering the lungs through the inhalation tube (2).
3. An endotracheal tube with an automatic phlegm eliminating function according to claim 1, characterized in that a reverse flow preventing structure (8) is provided on the inner wall of the common ventilation tube (1), the reverse flow preventing structure (8) being adapted to reduce the sputum flowing inside the common ventilation tube (1) into the trachea.
4. The endotracheal tube with the automatic phlegm eliminating function according to claim 3, characterized in that the anti-reflux structure (8) is a protrusion annularly distributed on the inner wall of the trachea.
5. The endotracheal tube with the automatic phlegm eliminating function according to claim 3, characterized in that the anti-reflux structure (8) is fish scale-shaped, and the anti-reflux structure (8) is annularly distributed on the inner wall of the trachea.
6. The endotracheal tube with an automatic phlegm eliminating function according to claim 1, characterized in that the sputum accumulation container (6) is provided with an air inlet and an air outlet, the air inlet being positioned lower than the air outlet, the air outlet being provided with a water-blocking and air-permeable membrane (11).
7. An endotracheal tube with an automatic expectorant function according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner walls of the common ventilation tube (1) and the exhalation tube (3) are of hydrophilic material.
8. The endotracheal tube with the automatic expectorant function according to claim 1, characterized in that the expiration duct (3) is provided with an expiration one-way valve (10) or/and the inspiration duct (2) is provided with an inspiration one-way valve (9).
9. The endotracheal tube with the automatic phlegm eliminating function according to claim 8, characterized in that the inhaling port (4) at the tail end of the inhaling tube (2) and the exhaling port (5) at the tail end of the exhaling tube (3) are connected to the respirator by a double-cavity double port (12), the double-cavity double port (12) is a three-way valve, one end of the three-way valve is connected to the respirator by a single port, and the other end of the three-way valve is connected to the inhaling port (4) at the tail end of the inhaling tube (2) and the exhaling port (5) at the tail end of the exhaling tube (3) by double ports.
10. The endotracheal tube with the automatic phlegm eliminating function according to claim 1, characterized in that the inhalation interface (4) at the tail end of the inhalation tube (2) and the exhalation interface (5) at the tail end of the exhalation tube (3) are respectively connected with a respirator by adopting mutually independent interfaces.
11. An automatic phlegm-eliminating device, characterized by comprising a tracheal catheter with an automatic phlegm-eliminating function according to any one of claims 1 to 10, and further comprising an expiratory phase sputum excretion instrument, wherein the expiratory phase sputum excretion instrument comprises a thoracic cavity oscillator, and the thoracic cavity oscillator is provided with a respiratory state monitoring sensor; patient chest wall portion is arranged in to the thorax oscillator, respiratory state monitoring sensor is used for monitoring patient respiratory state, and when the patient exhales, the thorax oscillator vibrates the thorax, and when the patient breathes in, the thorax oscillator standby.
CN201921152658.9U 2019-07-22 2019-07-22 Tracheal catheter with automatic phlegm eliminating function and automatic phlegm eliminating device Active CN212369400U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921152658.9U CN212369400U (en) 2019-07-22 2019-07-22 Tracheal catheter with automatic phlegm eliminating function and automatic phlegm eliminating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921152658.9U CN212369400U (en) 2019-07-22 2019-07-22 Tracheal catheter with automatic phlegm eliminating function and automatic phlegm eliminating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212369400U true CN212369400U (en) 2021-01-19

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921152658.9U Active CN212369400U (en) 2019-07-22 2019-07-22 Tracheal catheter with automatic phlegm eliminating function and automatic phlegm eliminating device

Country Status (1)

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