CN213683684U - Damping window frame - Google Patents

Damping window frame Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213683684U
CN213683684U CN202022222043.8U CN202022222043U CN213683684U CN 213683684 U CN213683684 U CN 213683684U CN 202022222043 U CN202022222043 U CN 202022222043U CN 213683684 U CN213683684 U CN 213683684U
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damping
frame
window frame
damping piece
piece
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CN202022222043.8U
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许文武
林巧叶
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Shandong Baidun Damping Technology Co ltd
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Shandong Baidun Damping Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The application provides a damping window frame, including frame and damping piece, the side of frame is fixed on the wall body, and the damping piece is made the shaping by mild steel, including first damping piece and second damping piece, and the lower extreme of first damping piece links to each other with the upper end of frame, and the upper end of second damping piece links to each other with the lower extreme of frame. This application is provided with the damping piece of mild steel material in order to absorb and slows down the great vibrations energy of horizontal direction at the upper end of damping window frame and lower extreme to cooperation frame lateral part and wall body rigid connection are with the less relative movement of absorption buffering vertical direction, not only can effectively avoid vibrations to cause the harm to frame and glass, can also effectively improve the fixed stability and the fastness of window frame, and the situation of comparing in the damping piece of whole adoption mild steel material has more economic nature moreover.

Description

Damping window frame
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of earthquake resistance, in particular to a damping window frame.
Background
The earthquake is one of the common natural disasters in people's life, about more than 500 million earthquakes occur on the earth every year, namely the ten thousand earthquakes occur every day, most people cannot feel the earthquake which is too far away or too small, but the earthquake which causes serious harm to human beings still has more than ten and twenty times, and the house can collapse when the earthquake occurs, so that a large number of casualties are caused, and the house can be damaged in different degrees even if the earthquake which has less harm occurs. It has been found that seismic waves include longitudinal and transverse waves, with transverse waves serving the primary destructive function.
In modern cities, the population density is higher and higher as office buildings and residential buildings are higher, and window frames of buildings are developed in a large area in order to improve the attractiveness of the buildings and the living and living comfort of people. However, when an earthquake or other vibration occurs to the window frame inlaid with large-area glass, the window frame can shake along with the wall body left and right, and glass is broken and the window frame is damaged in serious cases, so that the window frame not only harms people, but also wastes financial and material resources. The problem to be solved is to provide a window frame with an anti-seismic effect.
Disclosure of Invention
The present application provides a damping window frame to solve at least one of the above technical problems.
The technical scheme adopted by the application is as follows:
a damping window frame comprising:
the frame comprises an upper frame, a lower frame and side frames respectively connected with the upper frame and the lower frame, wherein a first connecting part is arranged at the top of the upper frame, a second connecting part is arranged at the bottom of the lower frame, and the side frames are fixedly connected with a wall body; and
the damping piece is made of mild steel and molded, the damping piece comprises a first damping piece and a second damping piece, the lower end of the first damping piece is connected with the first connecting portion, the upper end of the first damping piece is fixedly connected with the wall body, the upper end of the second damping piece is connected with the second connecting portion, and the lower end of the second damping piece is fixedly connected with the wall body.
Furthermore, the first damping piece and/or the second damping piece are provided with a plurality of through holes which are uniformly distributed in the horizontal direction.
Further, the through hole is oval, and the long axis of the through hole extends along the vertical direction.
Furthermore, the long axis of the through hole is a, the height of the first damping piece and/or the second damping piece is h, wherein a/h is not less than 1/2 and not more than 2/3.
Furthermore, the short axis of each through hole is b, the minimum distance between every two adjacent through holes is l, and b/l is more than or equal to 1 and less than or equal to 2.
Further, the first connecting portion and/or the second connecting portion are/is a connecting plate, the first damping piece and/or the second damping piece are/is welded with the connecting plate in a melting mode, and the first damping piece and/or the second damping piece are/is riveted with the wall body.
Furthermore, the first connecting portion and/or the second connecting portion are jacks, the wall body is provided with embedded parts, slots facing the jacks are formed in the embedded parts, and the first damping part and/or the second damping part are inserted into the slots through the jacks and fixedly connected with the embedded parts.
Further, the elastic modulus of the center of the first damping part and/or the second damping part is smaller than the elastic modulus of the two connecting ends.
Further, the thickness of the first damping part and/or the second damping part increases from the center to the two connecting ends.
Further, the first damping member and/or the second damping member are integrally formed.
Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the beneficial effects obtained by the application are as follows:
1. in this application, the damping piece that damping window frame's upper end and lower extreme were provided with the mild steel material is in order to absorb and slow down the great vibrations energy of horizontal direction to cooperation frame lateral part and wall body rigid connection are in order to absorb the less relative movement of the vertical direction of buffering, not only can effectively avoid vibrations to cause the harm to frame and glass, can also effectively improve the fixed stability and the fastness of window frame, and the situation of comparing in the damping piece of whole adoption mild steel material has more the economic nature moreover.
2. The damping piece is provided with the through holes which are uniformly distributed along the horizontal direction, so that on one hand, a certain deformation space can be provided, the damping piece is easier to deform under the action of external force, the rigidity of the damping piece is reduced equivalently, large displacement generated by relatively larger vibration energy in the horizontal direction is absorbed and slowed down, and the protective effect of the damping piece on a frame and glass is improved; on the other hand, the damping piece can form different rigidity at different positions, the rigidity of the middle through hole position is smaller, and the rigidity of the position far away from the through hole position is larger. When the shock occurs, the position, far away from the through hole, of the damping piece has a relatively large supporting and fixing effect and a relatively small deformation effect, the position, far away from the through hole, of the middle through hole of the damping piece has a relatively large deformation effect and a relatively small supporting and fixing effect, the middle through hole is extruded by force to generate the maximum deformation amount, and the shock absorption effect is achieved. And the middle through hole part can have the effect of blocking or isolating the part which is far away from the through hole and is close to one side of the window frame and the glass, so that the part which is far away from the through hole and is close to one side of the window frame and the glass generates relatively small deformation, and the supporting and protecting effects on the damping window frame and the glass are improved.
3. The through hole of this application sets up to the ellipse to the vertical direction setting of its major axis for first damping piece and/or second damping piece "contain the mild steel volume" by middle through-hole position to keeping away from through-hole position crescent, thereby make its deformation effect by both ends to middle crescent, the supporting role is by middle to both ends crescent, with the whole antidetonation effect that improves damping window frame, the reinforcing is to damping window frame and glass's support protection effect.
4. The ratio of the long axis a of the through hole to the long axis h is set to 1/2 ≤ a/h ≤ 2/3, so that the supporting effect of the elliptical through hole on the height direction for reducing the first damping member and/or the second damping member is avoided, and the deformation effect of the elliptical through hole on the height direction for reducing the first damping member and/or the second damping member is avoided, so that the anti-seismic effect of the damping window frame is improved, and the supporting and protecting effects on the damping window frame and the glass are enhanced. Furthermore, the minimum distance between two adjacent oval through holes is controlled within the range that b/l is not less than 1 and not more than 2, and the size of the long axis a of each through hole is controlled in a matching mode, so that the anti-seismic effect of the damping window frame is integrally improved, and the supporting and protecting effects on the damping window frame and the glass are enhanced.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the application and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the application and together with the description serve to explain the application and not to limit the application. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a damping window frame provided in the present application.
Fig. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of section a-a of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion B in fig. 1.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of section A-A of another damping window frame provided herein.
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of section A-A of yet another damping window frame provided herein.
Wherein: 1-frame, 11-upper frame, 12-lower frame, 13-side frame, 2-damping part, 21-first damping part, 22-second damping part, 23-through hole, 3-wall body and 4-embedded part.
Detailed Description
In order to more clearly explain the overall concept of the present application, the following detailed description is given by way of example in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present application, however, the present application may be practiced in other ways than those described herein, and therefore the scope of the present application is not limited by the specific embodiments disclosed below.
In addition, in the description of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the positional or orientational relationship shown in the drawings for the purpose of convenience and simplicity of description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered limiting of the present invention.
In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can include, for example, fixed connections, removable connections, or integral parts; the connection can be mechanical connection, electrical connection or communication; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may be directly contacting the first and second features or indirectly contacting the first and second features through intervening media. In the description herein, reference to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples," etc., means that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the application. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the present application provides a damping window frame, including frame 1 and damping piece 2, wherein, frame 1 includes upper ledge 11, lower ledge 12 and respectively with the side frame 13 that upper ledge 11, lower ledge 12 link to each other, the top of upper ledge 11 is provided with first connecting portion, the bottom of lower ledge 12 is provided with the second connecting portion, side frame 13 links firmly with wall body 3. Damping piece 2 is by mild steel preparation shaping, the damping piece includes first damping piece 21 and second damping piece 22, the lower extreme of first damping piece 21 with first connecting portion link to each other, the upper end of first damping piece 21 with wall body 3 links firmly, the upper end of second damping piece 22 with second connecting portion link to each other, the lower extreme of second damping piece 22 with wall body 3 links firmly.
The damping window frame installation in this application is fixed on building wall 3, and the side frame 13 and the side wall 3 of frame 1 link firmly to carry out the monolithic stationary to the window frame, the upper ledge 11 of frame 1 is fixed with last wall body via first damping piece 21, and the lower ledge 12 of frame 1 is fixed with wall body down via second damping piece 22. The first damping part 21 and the second damping part 22 are made of mild steel, have a certain elastic modulus, and can deform to absorb and convert mechanical energy under the action of external force.
When the earthquake happens, the wall body 3 is shaken and generates a large displacement in the horizontal direction, the damping window frame is driven to shake at the moment, the first damping part 21 and the second damping part 22 which are positioned between the frame 1 and the wall body 3 are deformed under the action of extrusion force, so that mechanical energy is absorbed and converted, the wall body 3 is prevented from directly acting on the frame 1 to damage the window frame, the damage to people caused by the breakage of decorative glass in the window frame is avoided, and the use safety of the damping window frame is effectively improved. And the damping piece plays a role in protecting the window frame and the glass, so that the applicability of the window frame and the glass in a complex and severe environment can be improved, the service life is prolonged, and the window frame and the glass have higher economical efficiency.
This application is provided with the damping piece of mild steel material in order to absorb and slow down the great vibrations energy of horizontal direction in damping window frame 1's upper end and lower extreme to cooperate 1 lateral part of frame and 3 rigid connection of wall body in order to absorb the less relative movement of the vertical direction of buffering, not only can effectively avoid vibrations to cause the harm to frame 1 and glass, can also effectively improve the fixed stability and the fastness of window frame, compare in the situation of the damping piece of whole adoption mild steel material in addition and have more economic nature.
In the above-described structure, as shown in fig. 1, the first damper 21 and the second damper 22 are each a plate-like structure having a length equal to that of the frame 1 (the upper frame 11 and the lower frame 12) of the damping sash. Of course, the first damping member 21 and the second damping member 22 may be set to be shorter than the length of the frame 1, and the rest may be replaced by hard steel or directly left empty. In addition, the side frame 13 may be connected and fixed to the side wall by a damping member made of a mild steel material.
Further, the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 are provided with a plurality of through holes 23 uniformly arranged in the horizontal direction.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the first damping member 21 is provided with a plurality of through holes 23, and the plurality of through holes 23 are uniformly arranged along the horizontal direction, so that on one hand, a certain deformation space can be provided, the first damping member 21 is more easily deformed under the action of an external force, which is equivalent to reducing the rigidity of the first damping member 21, so as to absorb and slow down larger displacement generated by relatively larger vibration energy in the horizontal direction, and improve the protection effect of the first damping member 21 on the frame 1 and the glass; on the other hand, the first damping member 21 can form different rigidities at different positions, wherein the rigidity at the position of the middle through hole 23 is smaller, and the rigidity at the position far away from the through hole 23 is larger.
When the shock occurs, the position of the first damping part 21, which is far away from the through hole 23, has a relatively large supporting and fixing effect and a relatively small deformation effect, the position of the through hole 23 in the middle of the first damping part 21 has a relatively large deformation effect and a relatively small supporting and fixing effect, and the position of the middle through hole 23 is stressed and extruded to generate the maximum deformation at the moment, so that the main effect of absorbing energy and slowing down the shock is achieved. And the middle through hole 23 part can have the effect of blocking or isolating the part which is far away from the through hole 23 and is close to one side of the window frame and the glass, so that the part which is far away from the through hole 23 and is close to one side of the window frame and the glass generates relatively small deformation, and the supporting and protecting effects on the damping window frame and the glass are improved.
In addition, the through holes 23 uniformly distributed on the first damping piece 21 can also reduce the overall mass of the damping window frame, so that the damping window frame has more aesthetic property and is convenient for people to use.
As shown in fig. 1, the second damping member 22 may also be provided with a plurality of through holes 23 uniformly arranged in the same manner as the first damping member 21, so as to improve the anti-seismic effect of the damping window frame as a whole, enhance the supporting and protecting effects on the damping window frame and the glass, and facilitate the use of people.
Further, the through hole 23 is oval, and a long axis of the through hole 23 extends in a vertical direction. As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the through hole 23 is oval, and the major axis thereof is arranged in the vertical direction, so that the "soft steel content" of the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 gradually increases from the middle through hole 23 to the position far away from the through hole 23, the deformation action thereof gradually increases from the two ends to the middle, and the support action gradually increases from the middle to the two ends, so as to integrally improve the anti-seismic effect of the damping window frame and enhance the support protection effect on the damping window frame and the glass.
As for the shape of the through-hole 23, it is also possible to provide a circular shape, a square shape, or the like, or a case where a plurality of shapes are arranged alternately.
Further, the long axis of the through hole 23 is a, the height of the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 is h, wherein a/h is greater than or equal to 1/2 and less than or equal to 2/3.
As shown in fig. 3, the oval through hole 23 is disposed along the height h direction of the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22, in order to ensure that the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 have both a certain supporting function and a certain deformation function, the middle deformation function is relatively large, the supporting functions at both ends are relatively large, the ratio of the major axis a of the through hole 23 to the major axis h is set to be 1/2 ≤ a/h ≤ 2/3, so as to prevent the oval through hole 23 from overlong in the height direction and reducing the supporting function of the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22, and prevent the oval through hole 23 from overlong in the height direction and reducing the deformation function of the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22, so as to improve the anti-vibration effect of the damping window frame and enhance the supporting and protecting effects on the damping window frame and the.
Furthermore, the short axis of the through hole 23 is b, the minimum distance between adjacent through holes 23 is l, wherein b/l is more than or equal to 1 and less than or equal to 2.
As shown in fig. 3, if the distance between two adjacent oval through holes 23 is too close, the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 are easily broken during the vibration process; if the distance between two adjacent oval through holes 23 is too long, the rigidity of the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 is increased, and the anti-vibration effect is reduced. Therefore, the minimum distance between two adjacent oval through holes 23 is controlled within the range that b/l is not less than 1 and not more than 2, and the size of the long axis a of the through hole 23 is matched and controlled, so that the anti-seismic effect of the damping window frame is integrally improved, and the supporting and protecting effects on the damping window frame and glass are enhanced.
For the assembly of the damping member, further, the first connection portion and/or the second connection portion is a connection plate, the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 is/are fusion-welded to the connection plate, and the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 is/are riveted to the wall 3.
The first damping part 21 and/or the second damping part 22 and the frame 1 are fixed by fusion welding, and the processing and the manufacturing are simple and convenient. When the damping window frame is installed and used, the first damping piece 21, the second damping piece 22 and the frame 1 with specific sizes are processed according to requirements, the first damping piece 21 and the second damping piece 22 are fixed to the upper frame 11 and the lower frame 12 of the frame 1 through a fusion welding process, the preprocessed damping window frame is transported to an installation place, after the side frame 13 of the damping window frame is firmly fixed to the side wall, the first damping piece 21 and the second damping piece 22 are fixed to the upper wall and the lower wall through chemical anchor bolts, and installation of the damping window frame is completed.
In another preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, the first connecting portion and/or the second connecting portion are/is a jack, the wall 3 is provided with an embedded part 4, the embedded part 4 is formed with a slot facing the jack, and the first damping part 21 and/or the second damping part 22 are/is inserted into the slot via the jack and are fixedly connected with the embedded part 4.
The first damping piece 21 and/or the second damping piece 22 are fixed with the frame 1 and the wall 3 in an inserting mode, so that the installation efficiency of the damping window frame is improved, the first damping piece 21 of the damping window frame and/or the second damping piece 22 and the frame 1 are modularized and miniaturized, the transportation is convenient, and the damping window frame has better adaptability.
When the damping window frame is installed and used, the first damping part 21, the second damping part 22 and the frame 1 with specific sizes are machined according to requirements, then the first damping part 21, the second damping part 22 and the frame 1 are transported to an installation place, the side frame 13 of the frame 1 is fixed on a side wall, then the first damping part 21 and the second damping part 22 are inserted into the inserting grooves of the embedded part 4 through the inserting holes, and finally the first damping part 21, the second damping part 22 and the embedded part 4 are fixed through welding or bolt connection, so that the damping window frame is installed.
In addition, a plurality of groups of frames 1 with different sizes and a plurality of groups of first damping pieces 21 and second damping pieces 22 with different sizes can be pre-processed, and different frames 1 and damping pieces are selected and mounted in a matching mode according to different sizes, so that the use requirements of multiple scenes are met.
Compared with the assembly mode of fusion welding fixation with better applicability for the reconstruction of old buildings or old windows, the mode of inserting and fixing the damping part has better applicability for new buildings or newly-built windows.
In still another preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, the elastic modulus at the center of the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 is smaller than the elastic modulus at both the connection ends.
The center of the first damping part 21 and/or the second damping part 22 is provided with a relatively small elastic modulus, and the two connecting ends of the first damping part 21 and/or the second damping part 22 are provided with a relatively large elastic modulus, so that the rigidity of the middle part of the first damping part 21 or the second damping part 22 is small and the rigidity of the two connecting ends is large during vibration, and thus, the deformation mainly occurs in the middle part of the damping part, so that the anti-seismic effect of the damping window frame is improved, and the supporting and protecting effects on the damping window frame and the glass are enhanced.
Specifically, a plurality of mild steels with different rigidities are welded one by one, wherein the mild steel with lower rigidity is selected as the middle part, and the rigidity is controlled to be gradually increased from the middle part to the two ends, so that the processing and forming of the first damping part 21 and the second damping part 22 are completed.
Further, as shown in fig. 4, the thickness of the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 increases from the center to the both connection ends. As shown in the figure, mild steel with the same rigidity is used as a raw material for machining and manufacturing the damping piece, and the elastic modulus of the damping piece is adjusted by controlling the thicknesses of different parts of the first damping piece 21 and/or the second damping piece 22, so that the machining and manufacturing are facilitated.
Further, the first damper 21 and/or the second damper 22 are integrally formed. As shown in fig. 4, the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 are integrally formed, so that the manufacturing is convenient and the efficiency is improved. Of course, the first damping member 21 and/or the second damping member 22 may be formed by connecting soft steels with different numbers of blocks at different positions.
Where not mentioned in this application, can be accomplished using or referencing existing technology.
The embodiments in the present specification are described in a progressive manner, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other, and each embodiment focuses on the differences from the other embodiments. The above description is only an example of the present application and is not intended to limit the present application. Various modifications and changes may occur to those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present application should be included in the scope of the claims of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. A damping window frame, comprising:
the frame comprises an upper frame, a lower frame and side frames respectively connected with the upper frame and the lower frame, wherein a first connecting part is arranged at the top of the upper frame, a second connecting part is arranged at the bottom of the lower frame, and the side frames are fixedly connected with a wall body; and
the damping piece is made of mild steel and molded, the damping piece comprises a first damping piece and a second damping piece, the lower end of the first damping piece is connected with the first connecting portion, the upper end of the first damping piece is fixedly connected with the wall body, the upper end of the second damping piece is connected with the second connecting portion, and the lower end of the second damping piece is fixedly connected with the wall body.
2. The damping window frame of claim 1, wherein the first damping member and/or the second damping member are provided with a plurality of through holes uniformly arranged in a horizontal direction.
3. The damping window frame of claim 2, wherein the through-hole is oval-shaped with a long axis of the through-hole extending in a vertical direction.
4. The damping window frame of claim 3, wherein the through hole has a long axis a and the first and/or second damping member has a height h, wherein 1/2 ≦ a/h ≦ 2/3.
5. The damping window frame of claim 4, wherein the minor axis of the through holes is b and the minimum distance between adjacent through holes is l, wherein 1. ltoreq. b/l. ltoreq.2.
6. The damping window frame of claim 1, wherein the first and/or second connecting portion is a connecting plate, the first and/or second damping member is fusion welded to the connecting plate, and the first and/or second damping member is riveted to the wall.
7. The damping window frame according to claim 1, wherein the first connection portion and/or the second connection portion is a socket, the wall body is provided with an embedded part, the embedded part is formed with a slot facing the socket, and the first damping part and/or the second damping part are inserted into the slot via the socket to be fixedly connected with the embedded part.
8. The damping window frame of claim 1, wherein the elastic modulus of the center of the first damping member and/or the second damping member is less than the elastic modulus of the two connection ends.
9. The damping window frame of claim 8, wherein the thickness of the first damping member and/or the second damping member increases from the center to both connection ends.
10. The damping window frame of claim 9, wherein the first damping member and/or the second damping member are integrally formed.
CN202022222043.8U 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Damping window frame Active CN213683684U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022222043.8U CN213683684U (en) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Damping window frame

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022222043.8U CN213683684U (en) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Damping window frame

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213683684U true CN213683684U (en) 2021-07-13

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CN202022222043.8U Active CN213683684U (en) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Damping window frame

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CN (1) CN213683684U (en)

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