CN217480471U - Shock insulation support structure for building engineering - Google Patents

Shock insulation support structure for building engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217480471U
CN217480471U CN202220503076.6U CN202220503076U CN217480471U CN 217480471 U CN217480471 U CN 217480471U CN 202220503076 U CN202220503076 U CN 202220503076U CN 217480471 U CN217480471 U CN 217480471U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shock insulation
rubber
connecting plate
insulation pad
rubber shock
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN202220503076.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李论
陈相汝
王玉强
黄跃
刘强
冷金达
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Sichuan Gezhen Technology Co ltd
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Sichuan Gezhen Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202220503076.6U priority Critical patent/CN217480471U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather

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  • Vibration Prevention Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a shock insulation support structure for building engineering, which relates to the technical field of building supports and solves the technical problem of poor tensile and overturn prevention effects of the existing shock insulation rubber support, and comprises a base, wherein a rubber shock insulation pad is arranged on the surface of the base, a connecting plate is arranged on the upper part of the rubber shock insulation pad, a shock absorption component is arranged on the upper part of the connecting plate, a mounting seat is arranged at the top of the shock absorption component, the rubber shock insulation pad is made by overlapping a plurality of layers of rubber plates and a plurality of layers of steel plates, a lead core is vertically penetrated and embedded in the center of the inner cavity of the rubber shock insulation pad, a support piece is embedded in the rubber shock insulation pad around the lead core, and the support piece is in a convex ring shape and has an L-shaped cross section; the utility model discloses shock insulation support structure for building engineering sets up damping component through setting up rubber shock insulation pad between base and connecting plate between connecting plate and mounting panel, sets up the support piece of L shape bulge loop structure in rubber shock insulation pad, has shock insulation effect and tensile and prevents toppling all good advantage of ability.

Description

Shock insulation support structure for building engineering
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building support technical field, more specifically relate to shock insulation support structure technical field for building engineering.
Background
With the continuous improvement of the building disaster prevention and reduction technology, the shock insulation technology is rapidly developed in China, and a great number of buildings such as schools, hospitals, emergency command centers and the like apply the shock insulation technology, and through the inspection of earthquakes for a long time, the shock insulation building has good shock insulation performance, so that the earthquake action of the upper structure is greatly reduced, the earthquake damage of the upper structure is reduced, the normal operation of the building function is ensured, and the method is an economic and efficient disaster prevention and reduction technology.
The traditional earthquake-proof technology is to firmly connect the superstructure of a building with a foundation, and in order to cover a house more firmly, thicker steel bars and more concrete are used for pouring, but the earthquake-proof effect is not ideal. The shock insulation support is a support device arranged for meeting the shock insulation requirement of a structure, a shock insulation layer is additionally arranged between an upper structure and a foundation, a rubber shock insulation support is installed to achieve soft connection with the ground, and through the technology, about 80% of energy of an earthquake can be offset. For example, the shock insulation rubber support is a fusing type building shock insulation rubber support in shock insulation supports, and is formed by alternately laminating multiple layers of steel plates and rubber, and the steel plates are used as stiffening materials of the rubber support, so that the characteristic that the vertical rigidity of a rubber body is small is changed, the horizontal earthquake effect can be reduced, and a large vertical load can be borne.
Application publication is CN 215759641U's chinese patent discloses a shock insulation support, including upper junction plate, lower connecting plate and pack the shock insulation mechanism between upper junction plate and lower connecting plate, shock insulation mechanism includes the sheet steel layer and rubber layer, lead core, protective layer rubber and the multilayer plastic film that pile up in turn each other along vertical direction, the contact protrusion has evenly been seted up to sheet steel layer outer wall, rubber layer outer wall evenly seted up with the recess that the contact protrusion agrees with mutually. The utility model discloses an overcome prior art not enough, through transversely and vertically carrying out the shock insulation to the support, be convenient for continuously carry out the shock insulation protection to building on the support, shock insulation mechanism has effectively improved the shock insulation effect of support, whole convenient and practical, suitable bulk production. However, the vertical rigidity of the shock insulation support is small, and the building on the support is easy to overturn.
The existing rubber shock insulation support has the defects of poor deformation capability and weak self-resetting capability, large plastic deformation is easy to occur under strong earthquake to cause overturning damage of an engineering structure, only the support core body has certain tensile capability, but the support core body mainly has the shock insulation effect, the tensile and overturning preventing capabilities are limited, and the rubber shock insulation support is difficult to play an obvious role in large natural disasters.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a: in order to solve the current not good technical problem of effect of toppling is prevented to shock insulation rubber support tensile, the utility model provides a shock insulation support structure for building engineering.
The utility model discloses a realize above-mentioned purpose and specifically adopt following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a shock insulation support structure for building engineering, includes the base, the base surface is equipped with rubber shock insulation pad, rubber shock insulation pad upper portion is equipped with the connecting plate, connecting plate upper portion is equipped with damper, damper's top is equipped with the mount pad, rubber shock insulation pad is made by the crisscross coincide of multilayer rubber slab and multilayer steel sheet, the vertical running through of center department of rubber shock insulation pad inner chamber is inlayed and is had the lead core, surround in the rubber shock insulation pad the lead core is inlayed and is had support piece, support piece is the protruding cyclic annular and transversal L shape of personally submitting.
The use and working process comprises the following steps: the utility model discloses shock insulation support structure for building engineering mainly comprises the base, rubber shock insulation pad, several parts of connecting plate and mounting panel are constituteed, support piece through inlaying L shape bulge loop structure around the plumule in rubber shock insulation pad, the inside stress of decomposition support structure that can be fine, prevent that rubber shock insulation pad from warping and damaging, improve rubber shock insulation pad's life, this support piece structure enables rubber shock insulation pad and has better shock insulation effect, improve its bearing performance, carry out shock insulation protection to the building on the support, play the tensile and prevent toppling effect.
Preferably, the damping component comprises a damping plate at the bottom of the mounting seat, an arch elastic piece is arranged below the damping plate, and two end parts of the arch elastic piece are connected with the connecting plate in a sliding manner.
Preferably, the two ends of the arched elastic piece are respectively provided with a sliding block, the connecting plate is provided with two guide sliding grooves matched with the sliding blocks, and a buffer spring is arranged between the sliding blocks and the guide sliding grooves.
Preferably, the outer sides of the two sliding blocks are fixedly connected with one end of a buffer spring, and the other end of the buffer spring is fixedly connected with the side wall of one end of the guide sliding groove.
Preferably, a guide cylinder is fixedly mounted on the base, a guide rod is inserted into the upper end of the guide cylinder, and the top of the guide rod is fixedly connected with the damping plate.
Preferably, a spongy cushion is arranged between the bottom end of the guide rod and the bottom wall of the guide cylinder.
Preferably, the guide cylinder or the guide rod penetrates through the connecting plate, and the outer sides of the guide rod and the spongy cushion are attached to the inner side wall of the cavity of the guide cylinder.
Preferably, a first sleeve is vertically installed on the connecting plate, a first magnetic block is arranged at the upper end of the first sleeve, a second sleeve is vertically installed below the damping plate opposite to the first sleeve, a second magnetic block is arranged at the lower end of the second sleeve, the second magnetic block and the first magnetic block are arranged correspondingly and have the same magnetism, and a damping spring is connected between the second magnetic block and the first magnetic block.
Preferably, the rubber shock insulation cushion is externally coated with a rock wool protective sleeve.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1. the utility model arranges a rubber shock isolation cushion between the base and the connecting plate, and arranges a shock absorption component between the connecting plate and the mounting plate to achieve the purpose of shock isolation; through the support piece of inlaying L shape bulge loop structure around the lead core in rubber shock insulation pad, the inside stress of decomposition support structure that can be fine prevents that rubber shock insulation pad from warping and damaging, improves rubber shock insulation pad's life, and this support piece structure enables rubber shock insulation pad and has better shock insulation effect, improves its bearing capacity, carries out the shock insulation protection to the building on the support, plays the tensile shock insulation and prevents toppling the effect.
2. Utilize arch elastic component further reinforcing shock attenuation effect, when the mount pad received the extrusion, the vibrations power part was offset by the shock attenuation board, another part carries out the energy dissipation by arch elastic component, the top atress of arch elastic component arc structure, reach both ends, under slider and buffer spring's cooperation, the atress angle changes, arch elastic component absorbs unnecessary pressure, play the effect of unloading, effectively avoid the shock attenuation board to bear the too big and lead to impaired cracked condition even of pressure.
3. The guide rod inserted into the guide cylinder and the guide cylinder plays a role in guiding, the base, the connecting plate and the mounting plate can move up and down along the guide rod, the transverse shaking is prevented from overturning, the first magnetic block and the second magnetic block can be ensured to be in a one-to-one corresponding state, the large deviation is avoided from being generated, and the acting force between the first magnetic block and the second magnetic block is weakened, so that the damping effect is influenced.
4. The damping effect of the damping assembly is effectively enhanced through the mutual repulsion action between the second magnetic block and the first magnetic block which have the same magnetism, compared with the traditional damping effect which is realized only by a spring structure, the damping effect is better, the service life is greatly prolonged, and the use requirement of the vibration isolation support is met; the damping spring further enhances repulsive force between the second magnetic block and the first magnetic block, and an upward reaction force is generated between the damping spring and the first magnetic block as well as between the damping spring and the second magnetic block, so that the upward reaction force and the downward acting vibration force are mutually counteracted, and the damping effect is realized; adopt above-mentioned structure under damping spring and the mutually supporting of two magnetic paths, play dual absorbing effect, whole shock attenuation effect promotes by a wide margin.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion A of FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is a partially enlarged view of B of fig. 1 according to the present invention;
reference numerals are as follows: the vibration damping device comprises a mounting base 1, a damping plate 2, an arched elastic part 3, a connecting plate 4, a rubber vibration isolation cushion 5, a supporting part 6, a base 7, a lead core 8, a sliding block 9, a buffer spring 10, a guide chute 11, a second sleeve 12, a second magnetic block 13, a damping spring 14, a first magnetic block 15, a first sleeve 16, a guide rod 17 and a guide cylinder 18.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention, as generally described and illustrated in the figures herein, may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the accompanying drawings, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, a shock insulation support structure for building engineering, including base 7, base 7 surface is equipped with rubber shock insulation pad 5, 5 upper portions of rubber shock insulation pad are equipped with connecting plate 4, 4 upper portions of connecting plate are equipped with damper, damper's top is equipped with mount pad 1, rubber shock insulation pad 5 is made by the crisscross coincide of multilayer rubber slab and multilayer steel sheet, the vertical run-through of center department of 5 inner chambers of rubber shock insulation pad is inlayed and is had lead 8, surround in the rubber shock insulation pad 5 lead 8 is inlayed and is had support piece 6, support piece 6 is the bulge loop shape and the transversal L shape of personally submitting. Preferably, the rubber shock insulation pad 5 is externally coated with a rock wool protective sleeve.
The rubber shock insulation pad 5 is arranged between the base 7 and the connecting plate 4, and the shock absorption assembly is arranged between the connecting plate 4 and the mounting plate, so that the shock insulation purpose is achieved; through support piece 6 of inlaying L shape bulge loop structure around lead core 8 in rubber shock insulation pad 5, the internal stress of decomposition support structure that can be fine prevents that rubber shock insulation pad 5 from warping and damaging, improves rubber shock insulation pad 5's life, and this support piece 6 structure enables rubber shock insulation pad 5 to have better shock insulation effect, improves its bearing capacity, carries out shock insulation protection to the building on the support, plays the tensile and prevents toppling the effect.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, according to embodiment 1, the shock absorbing assembly includes a shock absorbing plate 2 at the bottom of the mounting base 1, an arched elastic member 3 is arranged below the shock absorbing plate 2, and two end portions of the arched elastic member 3 are slidably connected to the connecting plate 4. Preferably, the two ends of the arched elastic part 3 are respectively provided with a sliding block 9, the connecting plate 4 is provided with two sliding guide grooves 11 matched with the sliding blocks 9, and a buffer spring 10 is arranged between the sliding blocks 9 and the sliding guide grooves 11. Preferably, the outer sides of the two sliding blocks 9, that is, the sides of the two sliding blocks 9 facing away from each other, are both fixedly connected to one end of the buffer spring 10, and the other end of the buffer spring 10 is fixedly connected to one end side wall of the sliding guide groove 11.
When the mounting seat 1 is extruded, the vibration force is partially counteracted by the damping plate 2, the other part is dissipated by the arched elastic pieces 3, the uppermost stress of the arc-shaped structures of the arched elastic pieces 3 is transmitted to the two end parts, under the matching of the sliding blocks 9 and the buffer springs 10, the stress angle is changed, the arched elastic pieces 3 absorb the redundant pressure, the effect of discharging is achieved, and the situation that the damping plate 2 is damaged or even broken due to overlarge bearing pressure is effectively avoided.
Example 3
As shown in fig. 1, based on embodiment 1, a guide cylinder 18 is fixedly mounted on the base 7, a guide rod 17 is inserted into an upper end of the guide cylinder 18, and a top of the guide rod 17 is fixedly connected to the damper plate 2. Preferably, a sponge pad is arranged between the bottom end of the guide rod 17 and the bottom wall of the guide cylinder 18. Preferably, the guide cylinder 18 or the guide rod 17 penetrates through the connecting plate 4, and the outer sides of the guide rod 17 and the spongy cushion are attached to the inner side wall of the cavity of the guide cylinder 18.
The guide cylinder 18 and the guide rod 17 inserted in the guide cylinder 18 are arranged to play a role in guiding, so that the base 7, the connecting plate 4 and the mounting plate can move up and down along the guide rod 17 to prevent the base from overturning due to transverse shaking, the first magnetic blocks 15 and the second magnetic blocks 13 can be ensured to be in a one-to-one corresponding state, the phenomenon that large deviation weakens acting force between the first magnetic blocks 15 and the second magnetic blocks 13 is avoided, and the damping effect is influenced; the spongy cushion plays a role in buffering and damping.
Example 4
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, based on embodiment 1, a first sleeve 16 is vertically installed on the connecting plate 4, a first magnetic block 15 is arranged at an upper end of the first sleeve 16, a second sleeve 12 is vertically installed below the damping plate 2 opposite to the first sleeve 16, a second magnetic block 13 is arranged at a lower end of the second sleeve 12, the second magnetic block 13 and the first magnetic block 15 are arranged correspondingly and have the same magnetism, and a damping spring 14 is connected between the second magnetic block 13 and the first magnetic block 15.
The damping effect of the damping assembly is effectively enhanced through the mutual repulsion action between the second magnetic block 13 and the first magnetic block 15 which have the same magnetism, compared with the traditional damping effect which is realized only by a spring structure, the damping effect is better, the service life is greatly prolonged, and the use requirement of the vibration isolation support is met; the damping spring 14 further enhances the repulsive force between the second magnetic block 13 and the first magnetic block 15, and an upward reaction force is generated between the damping spring 14 and the first magnetic block 15 and between the damping spring 14 and the second magnetic block 13, so that the downward acting vibration force is counteracted mutually, and the damping effect is realized; adopt above-mentioned structure under damping spring 14 and the mutually supporting of two magnetic paths, play dual absorbing effect, whole shock attenuation effect promotes by a wide margin.
The utility model discloses shock insulation support structure for building engineering mainly comprises base 7, rubber shock insulation pad 5, connecting plate 4 and mounting panel several parts, through around the support piece 6 of lead core 8 inlay L shape bulge loop structure in rubber shock insulation pad 5, can be fine decompose the internal stress of support structure, prevent rubber shock insulation pad 5 deformation damage, improve the life of rubber shock insulation pad 5, this support piece 6 structure can make rubber shock insulation pad 5 have better shock insulation effect, improve its bearing capacity, carry out shock insulation protection to the building on the support, play tensile and prevent toppling effect; in addition, under the dual action of the arched elastic device and the magnetic damping device, a better damping effect is achieved.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a shock insulation support structure for building engineering, includes base (7), its characterized in that: base (7) surface is equipped with rubber shock insulation pad (5), rubber shock insulation pad (5) upper portion is equipped with connecting plate (4), connecting plate (4) upper portion is equipped with damper, damper's top is equipped with mount pad (1), rubber shock insulation pad (5) are made by the crisscross coincide of multilayer rubber slab and multilayer steel sheet, the vertical run-through of center department of rubber shock insulation pad (5) inner chamber is inlayed and is had lead core (8), enclose in rubber shock insulation pad (5) lead core (8) are inlayed and are had support piece (6), support piece (6) are the bulge loop shape and the transversal L shape of personally submitting.
2. The seismic isolation bearing structure for construction engineering according to claim 1, wherein: the damping component comprises a damping plate (2) at the bottom of the mounting seat (1), an arch elastic piece (3) is arranged below the damping plate (2), and two end parts of the arch elastic piece (3) are connected with the connecting plate (4) in a sliding mode.
3. The seismic isolation bearing structure for construction engineering according to claim 2, wherein: the two ends of the arched elastic piece (3) are equally divided into two sliding blocks (9), the connecting plate (4) is provided with two sliding guide grooves (11) matched with the sliding blocks (9), and buffer springs (10) are arranged between the sliding blocks (9) and the sliding guide grooves (11).
4. The seismic isolation bearing structure for construction engineering according to claim 3, wherein: the outer sides of the two sliding blocks (9) are fixedly connected with one end of a buffer spring (10), and the other end of the buffer spring (10) is fixedly connected with one end side wall of the guide sliding groove (11).
5. The seismic isolation bearing structure for construction engineering according to claim 2, wherein: the shock absorption device is characterized in that a guide cylinder (18) is fixedly mounted on the base (7), a guide rod (17) is inserted into the upper end of the guide cylinder (18), and the top of the guide rod (17) is fixedly connected with the shock absorption plate (2).
6. The seismic isolation bearing structure for construction engineering according to claim 5, wherein: a spongy cushion is arranged between the bottom end of the guide rod (17) and the bottom wall of the guide cylinder (18).
7. A seismic isolation bearing structure for construction engineering as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the damping device is characterized in that a first sleeve (16) is vertically installed on the connecting plate (4), a first magnetic block (15) is arranged at the upper end of the first sleeve (16), a second sleeve (12) is vertically installed below the damping plate (2) opposite to the first sleeve (16), a second magnetic block (13) is arranged at the lower end of the second sleeve (12), the second magnetic block (13) and the first magnetic block (15) are correspondingly arranged and have the same magnetism, and a damping spring (14) is connected between the second magnetic block (13) and the first magnetic block (15).
8. A seismic isolation bearing structure for construction engineering as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and the rubber shock insulation cushion (5) is externally coated with a rock wool protective sleeve.
CN202220503076.6U 2022-03-07 2022-03-07 Shock insulation support structure for building engineering Expired - Fee Related CN217480471U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220503076.6U CN217480471U (en) 2022-03-07 2022-03-07 Shock insulation support structure for building engineering

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220503076.6U CN217480471U (en) 2022-03-07 2022-03-07 Shock insulation support structure for building engineering

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN217480471U true CN217480471U (en) 2022-09-23

Family

ID=83306253

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202220503076.6U Expired - Fee Related CN217480471U (en) 2022-03-07 2022-03-07 Shock insulation support structure for building engineering

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN217480471U (en)

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Granted publication date: 20220923