CN213652208U - River course flood discharge and treatment system - Google Patents

River course flood discharge and treatment system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213652208U
CN213652208U CN202022599115.0U CN202022599115U CN213652208U CN 213652208 U CN213652208 U CN 213652208U CN 202022599115 U CN202022599115 U CN 202022599115U CN 213652208 U CN213652208 U CN 213652208U
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river
flood
water
water purification
treatment
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CN202022599115.0U
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杨凯
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Guizhou Lyvchun Environmental Development Co ltd
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Guizhou Lyvchun Environmental Development Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a river course capable flood and processing system, including setting up the multichannel capable flood dam in the river course, be equipped with the delivery port bottom first capable flood dam one side, delivery port low reaches are equipped with in proper order with medicine district, sedimentation zone and water purification district, are equipped with the slow flow structure that links to each other with capable flood dam delivery port in medicine district department, are equipped with the mud scraper in the sedimentation zone, the mud scraper links to each other with the actuating system who sets up on the river bank, is equipped with water purification unit in water purification district. The utility model has simple structure, low cost, strong pertinence, high efficiency and good effect, and the whole system can effectively realize the segmentation and timely treatment of the river channel, thereby greatly reducing the river channel treatment work amount and the treatment difficulty; through setting up multichannel flood discharge dam for ensure water treatment system normal operating, and can guarantee the velocity of flow and the flow in river course, guarantee the peripheral security in river course, the practicality is strong.

Description

River course flood discharge and treatment system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a river water treatment field, in particular to river course flood passing and processing system.
Background
At present, with the coming of rainy season, rainwater, road drainage system, various domestic sewage and industrial sewage etc. all converge into peripheral river course for contain silt quality of water, all kinds of domestic sewage and industrial sewage discharge into the river in a large number, lead to the river course to pollute very seriously, accumulate daily, deposit in the river course constantly accumulates in the river course bottom, lead to the river course water level to rise, often make and be flooded around the river course, cause economic loss, and make current difficulty, cause the traffic jam, there is great potential safety hazard.
Because the amount of sewage discharged into the river channel is different every day, particularly in rainy seasons, along with the discharge of rainwater, the flow velocity and the flow of river water are changed at any time, the dosage of treatment medicines added in the water treatment process is difficult to guarantee, and the sewage cannot be efficiently treated when the water treatment equipment is put into use, so that the difficulty of river channel water treatment is greatly increased.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, the utility model aims at providing a river course flood passing and processing system can ensure water processing system normal operating, and the river water to carry out quantitative processing, and the treatment effect is good, and the peripheral security in river course is guaranteed to the velocity of flow and the flow of steerable river course.
The utility model aims at realizing through the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a river course flood passing and processing system, is equipped with the delivery port bottom row flood dam one side including setting up the multichannel row flood dam in the river course, and by its multistage water treatment area who separates, and delivery port low reaches are the water treatment area, are equipped with in proper order in the water treatment area and add medicine district, settling zone and water purification district, are equipped with the slow flow structure that links to each other with row flood dam delivery port in medicine district department, are equipped with the mud scraper in the settling zone, the mud scraper links to each other with the actuating system who sets up on the river bank, is equipped with water purification unit in water purification district.
The water treatment area of each stage comprises a flood dam which is oppositely arranged at the upstream and the downstream in the river channel, and a dosing area, a settling area and a water purification area are arranged between the two flood dams.
And the overflow pipe penetrates through each flood bank and spans each water treatment area.
And the top of each flood bank is provided with an opposite overflow port, and the overflow pipe is arranged on the overflow port and penetrates through each flood bank.
The flow retarding structure is a loop-shaped member.
The square-shaped component is a plurality of square-shaped partition plates which are arranged up and down along the flow direction of water flow, and pile feet are arranged at the bottoms of the partition plates, so that the partition plates are inserted and fixed on the riverway and riverbed.
The baffle is arranged into a structure convenient for forming flocculation flow turbulence.
The outside and the downstream of the slow flow structure are a settling zone and a water purification zone, the mud scraper is arranged on the riverbed of the settling zone and the water purification zone, and the water purification device is paved below the water surface of the river and close to the water surface.
The water purification device is an ecological purification system, the ecological purification system comprises an ecological floating bed which is paved below the water surface of the river and close to the water surface, and aquatic plants are planted on the ecological floating bed; and a plurality of drooping microorganism interception attaching devices are fixed on the ecological floating bed, and aeration pipes are hung at the lower ends of the microorganism interception attaching devices and are connected with air supply devices on the river bank through air supply pipelines.
And a plurality of pairs of fixing rings with different heights are arranged at the edges of the river banks on the two sides of the river channel, the ecological floating bed is connected with the fixing rings through steel wire ropes, and the top of the ecological floating bed is connected with a floating body.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses a river channel flood-running and treatment system, which is provided with a plurality of flood-running dams in the river channel, and a multi-stage water treatment area is separated by the flood-running dams; be equipped with the delivery port in going flood dam one side bottom, delivery port low reaches are the water treatment area, are equipped with in proper order in the water treatment area and add medicine district, sedimentation zone and water purification district, are equipped with the slow flow structure that links to each other with going flood dam delivery port in medicine district department, are equipped with the mud scraper in the sedimentation zone, the mud scraper links to each other with the actuating system who sets up on the river bank, is equipped with water purification installation in water purification district. Flood closure is carried out through the flood bank, so that the water inflow of the water treatment area is controlled, chemical treatment is carried out by combining with dosing in a dosing area at the downstream of the flood bank, the chemical treatment is realized in a sedimentation area, sediments can be cleaned through a mud scraper arranged in the sedimentation area, meanwhile, the water quality in the river channel can be ecologically purified through a water purification device in a water purification area, and the water treatment effect is good; in addition, the system also comprises an overflow pipe penetrating through each flood bank, the overflow pipe crosses each water treatment area, and when the water level of a river rises, the excess water is conveyed to a downstream treatment area from the overflow pipe, so that the quantitative water treatment can still be kept, and the treatment effect is good; when the flood condition is met, the water treatment is stopped, the flood discharge dam is opened, and the rising pressure of the river water level is relieved.
The utility model has the advantages that:
(1) the utility model discloses simple structure, low cost, entire system can effectively realize the segmentation of river course, in time administer, with strong points, greatly reduced river course treatment work volume and administer the degree of difficulty, efficient, effectual.
(2) The water inlet amount of the water treatment area is controlled by arranging a plurality of flood-running dams, so that the normal operation of the water treatment system is effectively guaranteed; and the dosage and the arrangement condition of the water purification device are controlled by the water inflow, so that the best water treatment effect is obtained while the water treatment cost is saved.
(3) The flow velocity and the flow of the river channel are timely adjusted according to the water level condition of the river channel through the flood-carrying dam, excessive water overflow or timely flood carrying are achieved, the safety of the river channel is guaranteed, and the practicability is high.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention may be realized and attained by the means of the instrumentalities and/or combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
Drawings
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic side view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a slow flow structure (embodiment one).
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a slow flow structure (embodiment two).
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a slow flow structure (embodiment three).
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a slow flow structure (fourth embodiment)
Detailed Description
Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the preferred embodiments are for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-2, a river course flood passing and processing system, including setting up multichannel row flood dam 2 in river course 1, and by its multistage water treatment region of separating, be equipped with delivery port 201 in 2 one side bottoms of row flood dam, delivery port 201 low reaches are the water treatment region, are equipped with in proper order in the water treatment region and add medicine district, settling zone and water purification district, are equipped with the slow flow structure 3 that links to each other with row flood dam delivery port 201 in medicine district department, are equipped with mud scraper 4 in the settling zone, mud scraper 4 links to each other with the actuating system who sets up on the river bank, is equipped with water purification unit 5 in water purification district. Specifically, each stage of water treatment area comprises one row of flood dams 2 which are oppositely arranged at the upstream and the downstream in the riverway 1, and a dosing area, a settling area and a water purification area are arranged between the two rows of flood dams 2.
In the treatment process, flood interception is carried out through the flood dam 2, quantitative water delivery is realized, and quantitative, segmented and timely treatment of the river channel is realized by combining a dosing area, a settling area and a water purification area at the downstream of the flood dam 2, so that the method is strong in pertinence and high in treatment efficiency.
And an overflow pipe 6 extending through each flood dam 2, the overflow pipe 6 spanning each water treatment area. When the water level of the river channel rises, the quantitative river water is still kept to enter the water treatment area from the water outlet 201 at the bottom of the flood bank 2, and the normal operation of the water treatment system is guaranteed. When meeting a flood peak, the water treatment area does not operate any more, and the flood discharging dam 2 is completely opened to discharge the flood, so that the water level pressure is relieved.
Opposite overflow ports 202 are arranged at the top of each flood bank 2, and the overflow pipes 6 are arranged on the overflow ports 202 and penetrate through each flood bank 2.
Including setting up multichannel flood bank 2 in river course 1, be equipped with delivery port 201 in 2 one side bottoms of first flood bank, delivery port 201 low reaches are equipped with in proper order with medicine district, sedimentation zone and water purification district, are equipped with the slow flow structure 3 that links to each other with flood bank delivery port 201 in medicine district department, are equipped with mud scraper 4 in the sedimentation zone, mud scraper 4 links to each other with the actuating system who sets up on the river bank, is equipped with water purification unit 5 in water purification district. Wherein, at each treatment section, go out flood dam 2 for at least twice respectively relative setting at the upside and the downside in dosing region, sedimentation zone and water purification district, effectively improve the treatment effect when rationally saving river course treatment cost.
The flood discharging dam 2 can be an existing flap dam, a rubber plate and the like.
Referring to fig. 3-6, the slow flow structure 3 is a clip-shaped member, the clip-shaped member is a plurality of clip-shaped partition boards 301 arranged up and down along the flow direction of the water, and the bottom of each clip-shaped partition board 301 is provided with a pile foot, so that the clip-shaped partition boards 301 are inserted and fixed on the riverbed of the riverway 1.
The baffles 301 are configured to facilitate formation of a flocculated flow disturbance. Specifically, a plurality of overflow slots 302 are formed in each partition plate 301, and after river water overflows through the overflow slots 302, a fluid boundary layer can be damaged to form turbulent flow, so that the dosing effect is better. And the diameters of the overflow slotted holes 302 on each partition board are the same or different, preferably, the diameters of the overflow slotted holes on the partition boards close to the water inlet are relatively increased, the diameters of the overflow slotted holes on the partition boards close to the water outlet are relatively reduced, and the slow flow effect is better.
Or, a plurality of convex structures 303 are uniformly distributed on the partition plate 301, the convex structures 303 can be in a shape of triangle, rectangle or the like, and river water flowing through the baffle is disturbed by the convex structures 303, so that a fluid boundary layer can be damaged to form turbulent flow.
Alternatively, the river water passing through is made turbulent by changing the arrangement distance or angle of the adjacent partition boards 301 according to the size change of the clip.
The outside and the low reaches of slow flow structure 3 are sedimentation zone and water purification district, mud scraper 4 sets up on the riverbed in sedimentation zone and water purification district, and water purification installation 5 is tiled in the river surface below and near the surface of water.
The water purification device 5 is an ecological purification system, the ecological purification system comprises an ecological floating bed which is paved below the water surface of river water and close to the water surface, the ecological floating bed consists of a fixed net 503 and plant attachment 502 which is paved and fixed on the fixed net, and aquatic plants 501 are planted on the ecological floating bed; and a plurality of drooping microorganism interception and attachment devices 504 are also fixed on the ecological floating bed.
The plant attachment 502 is a sponge fixed on the upper or lower side of the fixing net.
The plant attachment 502 includes a permeable geotextile or a permeable geomembrane, the permeable geotextile or the permeable geomembrane is filled with a filling matrix, the permeable geotextile or the permeable geomembrane is arranged at the lower side of the fixed net 503, and the periphery of the permeable geotextile or the permeable geomembrane is fixed on the fixed net 503. The microorganism interception attaching device 504 can be artificial waterweeds, and a large number of microorganisms in water are attached, bred and grown through the microorganism interception attaching device 504, so that the middle depth river water is subjected to nitrogen, phosphorus, organic matters and suspended matters removal treatment.
The riverway comprises a riverway 1, wherein a plurality of pairs of fixing rings 7 with different depths are arranged at the edges of riverways at two sides of the riverway 1, the ecological floating bed is connected with the fixing rings 7 through steel wire ropes, and a floating body 8 is connected to the top of the ecological floating bed.
Through adjusting the installation position of wire rope and solid fixed ring 7, make the height of fixed net 503 can be adjusted, and specific regulating variable adjusts according to the growth of aquatic plant 501, guarantees that aquatic plant 4 can shine sunshine, carries out photosynthesis. Specifically, the height of the fixed net 503 is adjusted to be 30-40cm of the sinking of the aquatic plants 501 planted thereon relative to the water surface.
An aeration pipe 505 is horizontally hung at the lower end of the microorganism interception and attachment device 504, and the aeration pipe 505 is connected with an air supply device on the river bank 101 through an air transmission pipeline. The air supply device may be a blower.
Aeration pipe 505 sets up in the crisscross, and aeration pipe 505 explodes gaseous messenger activated sludge can effectively carry out aerobic respiration to divide into the inorganic matter organic matter, and it can also stir the mud of river bottom and make the suspended solid float the back and get rid of by the microorganism on the microorganism interception attached device.
Finally, the above embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting, and although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications or equivalent substitutions may be made to the technical solutions of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions, and all of them should be covered by the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a river course flood discharge and processing system which characterized in that: including setting up multichannel row flood dam (2) in river course (1), and the multistage water treatment region who separates by it, be equipped with delivery port (201) bottom row flood dam (2) one side, delivery port (201) low reaches are the water treatment region, are equipped with in proper order in the water treatment region and add medicine area, settling zone and water purification district, are equipped with in medicine area department and link to each other with row flood dam delivery port (201) slow stream structure (3), are equipped with mud scraper (4) in the settling zone, mud scraper (4) link to each other with the actuating system who sets up on the river bank, are equipped with water purification unit (5) in water purification district.
2. The river flood discharge and treatment system according to claim 1, wherein: each stage of water treatment area comprises one flood dam (2) which is arranged at the upstream and the downstream in the river channel (1) relatively, and a dosing area, a settling area and a water purification area are arranged between the two flood dams (2).
3. The river flood discharge and treatment system according to claim 2, wherein: and the overflow pipe (6) penetrates through each flood bank (2), and the overflow pipe (6) spans each water treatment area.
4. The river flood discharge and treatment system according to claim 3, wherein: the top of each flood bank (2) is provided with a corresponding overflow port (202), and the overflow pipe (6) is arranged on the overflow port (202) and penetrates through each flood bank (2).
5. The river flood discharge and treatment system according to claim 1, wherein: the flow slowing structure (3) is a clip-shaped component.
6. The river flood discharge and treatment system according to claim 5, wherein: the square-shaped component is formed by a plurality of partition plates (301) which are arranged in a square shape up and down along the flow direction of water flow, and pile feet are arranged at the bottoms of the partition plates (301) to ensure that the partition plates (301) are inserted and fixed on the riverway (1) river bed.
7. The system of claim 6, wherein: the baffle (301) is configured to facilitate formation of a flocculated flow disturbance.
8. The river flood discharge and treatment system according to claim 1, wherein: the outside and the low reaches of slow flow structure (3) are sedimentation zone and water purification district, mud scraper (4) set up on the riverbed in sedimentation zone and water purification district, and water purification installation (5) are tiled in the river surface of water below and near surface of water department.
9. The river flood discharge and treatment system according to claim 8, wherein: the water purification device (5) is an ecological purification system, the ecological purification system comprises an ecological floating bed which is paved below the water surface of the river and close to the water surface, and aquatic plants (501) are planted on the ecological floating bed; and a plurality of drooping microorganism interception attaching devices (504) are also fixed on the ecological floating bed, aeration pipes (505) are hung at the lower ends of the microorganism interception attaching devices (504), and the aeration pipes (505) are connected with air supply devices on the river bank (101) through air supply pipelines.
10. The system of claim 9, wherein: the river bank edges at two sides of the river channel (1) are provided with a plurality of pairs of fixing rings (7) with different heights, the ecological floating bed is connected with the fixing rings (7) through steel wire ropes, and the top of the ecological floating bed is connected with a floating body (8).
CN202022599115.0U 2020-11-11 2020-11-11 River course flood discharge and treatment system Active CN213652208U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022599115.0U CN213652208U (en) 2020-11-11 2020-11-11 River course flood discharge and treatment system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022599115.0U CN213652208U (en) 2020-11-11 2020-11-11 River course flood discharge and treatment system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213652208U true CN213652208U (en) 2021-07-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022599115.0U Active CN213652208U (en) 2020-11-11 2020-11-11 River course flood discharge and treatment system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213652208U (en)

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