CN110510826A - The black smelly enhanced water processing system of one kind and technique - Google Patents

The black smelly enhanced water processing system of one kind and technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110510826A
CN110510826A CN201910861389.1A CN201910861389A CN110510826A CN 110510826 A CN110510826 A CN 110510826A CN 201910861389 A CN201910861389 A CN 201910861389A CN 110510826 A CN110510826 A CN 110510826A
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China
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water
canal
black smelly
sand setting
overflow
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CN201910861389.1A
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CN110510826B (en
Inventor
陈光辉
张碧波
邢汉君
黄罕添
赵青
罗灿
盛丹
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Hunan Hengkai Environmental Protection Technology Investment Co Ltd
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Hunan Hengkai Environmental Protection Technology Investment Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F2001/007Processes including a sedimentation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/105Phosphorus compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/16Nitrogen compounds, e.g. ammonia
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/30Organic compounds
    • C02F2101/38Organic compounds containing nitrogen
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/30Aerobic and anaerobic processes
    • C02F3/301Aerobic and anaerobic treatment in the same reactor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/30Aerobic and anaerobic processes
    • C02F3/302Nitrification and denitrification treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used

Abstract

The invention discloses the black smelly enhanced water treatment process systems of a kind of " setting pot+quickly filter canal+intensified ecological area ", belong to sewage treatment project black and odorous water and administer field.This black smelly enhanced water treatment process by diversion gate, sand setting canal, overflow weir, quickly filter canal, aqueduct, make stream aerator and aquatic animals and plants ecosystem area constitute.The effects of this process system can be to requiring the higher black smelly water river of management goal to administer, after the first sand setting pretreatment of water inlet and reaching water body purification, the progress pollutant such as water turbidity, COD, N, P is efficiently removed.

Description

The black smelly enhanced water processing system of one kind and technique
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of sewage, and in particular to the black smelly enhanced water processing system of one kind and technique.
Background technique
In sewage treatment project, the Artificial Wetland Techniques that are handled for COD, N, the higher water body of P content.
Artificial Wetland Techniques are for processing sewage and artificially with soil on the depression for having certain length-width ratio and the bottom surface gradient Earth and filler (such as gravel) mixing composition packed bed, make sewage flow in the filler gap of bed body or flow on bed body surface Dynamic, and plantation has performance good on bed body surface, high survival rate, water-resistance is strong, and growth cycle is long, beautiful and have economic value Water plant (such as reed, stem or leaf of cattail etc.) formed a unique animals and plants ecosystem.
The pollutant of artificial swamp removal is in extensive range, including N, P, SS, organic matter, microelement, pathogen etc..It is related Result of study shows that artificial swamp is to BOD under the conditions of influent concentration is lower5Removal rate up to 85%--95%, For COD removal rate up to 80% or more, the concentration for handling BOD5 in water outlet is less than 20mg/l in 10mg/l or so, SS.(2) in waste water Organic nutrient of most of organic matter as abnormal microorganism, is eventually converted to microbial body and CO2, H2O。
Existing black smelly water process mainly uses detesting for submerged plant, floating plant, emergent aquactic plant and building microorganism growth Oxygen anoxic_oxic process, but this kind of technique cannot pre-process black and odorous water, can not handle black compared with high suspended matter load smelly Water body is low to the removal efficiency of organic matter.
Summary of the invention
For drawbacks described above existing for this field and deficiency, the present invention provides a kind of Ji Chenshaqu, quickly filtering canal, ecology The system and technique that black and odorous water is handled using artificial swamp that stiffened region is integrated.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of black smelly enhanced water processing system, which is characterized in that successively include sand setting canal, quickly filtering by water (flow) direction Canal, intensified ecological area;Sand setting canal and quickly filtering canal are higher than intensified ecological area;The channel of the sand setting canal generally curve knot Structure;The length of curve of the curve is arranged according to following formula, length of curve=water flow ÷ overflow load, and wherein overflow is negative Lotus≤1.7mm/s;The canal wall of its black smelly water outflow side is equipped with overflow weir;Be filled in the quick filtering canal may filter that it is black The filler of smelly water, filler bottom are additionally provided with the water guider that catchments that the water for flowing through filler can be imported to intensified ecological area;The life Kind plant is implanted in state stiffened region.
According to the channel length of curve of above-mentioned formula setting sand setting canal, it can be ensured that stable water outlet facilitates in laminar condition The clean-up effect of black smelly water is improved on the whole.
The side Qu Bi that the black smelly water of the sand setting canal flows into offers water inlet, on the canal wall inner wall of the other side described in correspondence The position of water inlet is equipped with water inlet barricade;Preferably, the sand setting canal is arranged in the river with black smelly water, the canal of sand setting canal Wall height is consistent with river levee height;
Preferably, the sand setting canal volume is calculated according to following formula: sand setting canal volume=hydraulic detention time × Water flow, wherein hydraulic detention time is greater than 1 hour;
Preferably, the width of the sand setting canal is 10~20 meters;The water inlet is provided with diversion gate.
The volume of sand setting canal can have storage effect to the suspended matter sunk to, and biggish width can make to clear up mechanical into fixed Phase clears up sediment.Hydraulic detention time is greater than 1 hour, and the purpose being arranged in this way is: when ensuring water body by sand setting canal, sand Grain or other impurities have enough sedimentation times and storage space;The width of sand setting canal is 10~20 meters, using this width pair Purifying black smelly water role is: ensuring that later period mechanical energy frees in and out and carries out the cleaning of sand setting canal and maintenance.
The water guider that catchments includes that axially inbuilt perforation collects along irrigation canals and ditches channel for the bottom of the filler of quick filtering canal Water pipe and one end communication bores collector pipe, the other end protrude into the perforation aqueduct in intensified ecological area;
Preferably, the perforation aqueduct includes water guide general pipeline and water guide branch pipe;The one end water guide general pipeline communication bores Collector pipe, the other end are connected to water guide branch pipe;Water guide branch pipe one end is connected to water guide general pipeline, and the other end protrudes into intensified ecological In area;
Preferably, the water guide general pipeline is several, is evenly distributed in perforated catchment pipe;The water guide branch pipe is radiation The apparatus derivatorius of shape;
Preferably, one end that water guide general pipeline is connected to water guide branch pipe stretches to intensified ecological area intermediate region;It is radial Water guide branch pipe is uniformly distributed in intensified ecological area, and one end of the separate water guide general pipeline of part water guide branch pipe is strong close to entire ecology Change the water inlet end in area.It is provided in this way and is conducive to the water in collector pipe uniformly introducing intensified ecological area.
The filler is graded stuffing structure;
Preferably, the graded stuffing structure includes upper layer and lower layer;Upper layer is 5~8mm of partial size φ, and lower layer is partial size φ 30 ~50mm.
Upper layer is using the benefit of this partial size: forming small gap has sieve effect, plays and shut off to fine suspension Filter, lower layer can be played a supporting role using this partial size, and gap is big, and collection water resistance is small.
The overflow weir is curvilinear structures;
Preferably, the curvilinear structures parallel registration of the channel of the curvilinear structures of the overflow weir and sand setting canal;
Preferably, it is equipped with several overflow launders at the top of the overflow weir, is equipped with several overflow holes, overflow hole hole below overflow launder 0.1 meter of top and overflow launder slot bottom spacing;
Preferably, the height of weir plate is lower than the water river par position that the black smelly enhanced water processing system is arranged 0.1mm。
0.1 meter of spacing of overflow hole Kong Dingyu overflow launder slot bottom, the advantages of this arrangement are as follows: keep it uniform in entire surface Water outlet, and water outlet is rectified, in ordinary water amount, setting pot is by overflow hole overflow, and when water is larger, water outlet will be more than overflow hole It is uniformly flowed out from upper isopipe simultaneously, overflow hole and overflow launder play the role of uniform water distribution.
In the intensified ecological area, 0.5~1 meter of depth areas kind planting submerged plant, 0.1~0.5 meter of depth areas plantation Landscape ecological chinampa, bionic aquatic weed and fountain aeration of swimming are set on emergent aquactic plant, the corresponding water surface of 1~1.5 meter of depth areas Machine.
Each depth areas environment is different, can remove variety classes pollutant, for example, 0~0.5 meter of region soluble oxygen compared with Height, main to remove based on organic matter and ammonia nitrogen, there are anaerobic environments in 0~1.5 region, main to be by denitrification removal total nitrogen Main, to 1.5 meters of regions are greater than, there are anaerobic environments, are conducive to the removal of total phosphor contaminant;
Ecology in the black smelly enhanced water processing system of the present invention reinforces area and is equivalent to follow-on surface flow artificial marshland improvement Type constructs different water depth difference plant population on the basis of existing surface flow artificial marshland, and increases fountain type aeration building multiplicity Phage environment;
Effect of the kind planting submerged plant in terms of handling black smelly water is: having using submerged plant to Nitrogen In Sediment phosphorus relatively strong Absorption cleaning effect;Effect of the plantation emergent aquactic plant in terms of handling black smelly water is: having preferable catharsis to ammonia nitrogen in water body Preferable landscape effect is played simultaneously;Landscape ecological chinampa is arranged in 1~1.5 meter of depth areas, because there is certain depth of water can ensure that Plant root growth is suspended in water body, is formed simultaneously biological membrane environment, and using animal in water and fish, it is flat to construct ecology Weighing apparatus;Bionic aquatic weed is set to the water surface hereinafter, for constructing biological membrane environment, building anaerobic/anoxic environment inhales organic matter and ammonia nitrogen Receipts processing;Swim fountain aeration machine effect be building aerobic environment, to organic matter and NH_3-N treating.
Black smelly enhanced water treatment process, which is characterized in that black smelly water is handled using the black smelly enhanced water processing system.
The black smelly enhanced water processing system is arranged in river to be processed;The black smelly enhanced water processing system The water (flow) direction in sand setting canal canal wall and river is not parallel;
Preferably, vertical with river into the water (flow) direction of the black smelly enhanced water processing system.
As shown in Fig. 2, the water flow approach axis of black smelly enhanced water processing system of the invention is vertical with river, the cloth of system It is parallel with river to set direction.
The intensified ecological area setting of the black smelly enhanced water processing system is mutated biggish section in river width, or can set It sets in the upstream of Ecological Park;
Preferably, the Ecological Park can be used as the intensified ecological area of the black smelly enhanced water processing system.
Processing system of the invention: sand setting canal, overflow weir, quickly filtering each component part of canal can be determined by following situation Phase nursing: when silt particle accumulation occur in 1. sand setting canals, overflow weir will appear race sand, need to carry out silt particle cleaning using digging machine at this time same When silt particle can be used as construction material.2. moss is heavier to be cleared up if overflow weir occurs.3. if sand setting canal runing time mistake Length blocks, and needs to carry out high pressure water and is rinsed filter layer.4. can install and wear in sand setting canal to avoid sand setting canal from blocking Hole aeration tube is intaking while carrying out gas backwash using high pressure blower, avoiding blocking.
The present invention provides a kind of by sand setting canal, quickly filters canal, the artificial wetland process system that intensified ecological area is constituted, It is characterized in that it joined sand setting canal, generally curved configuration before intensified ecological area, specifically it is detailed in sand setting canal system system and shows It is intended to Fig. 2.Sand setting canal is made of water inlet, water inlet barricade, arc sand setting canal, rectification overflow weir.The effect of each section is as follows: into The mouth of a river: water conservancy diversion water body enters;Water inlet barricade: energy dissipating is carried out to water, reduces water velocity;Arc sand setting canal: it is hanged in water inlet Floating object and silt are precipitated, and are sediment deposition places;Rectification overflow weir: controlling water outlet water velocity, control water outlet The uniformity reduces turbulent water, accelerates precipitating.Innovative point of the present invention is as follows: 1. proposing curve shape overflow weir, the confined space Interior increase effluent weir length reduces water velocity and out Water l oad;2. sand setting channel width is larger, it is heavy that forklift etc. can be directly entered In sand pond, it is convenient for later period cleaning and maintenance.Overflow weir is also curved configuration compatible with sand setting canal, by lower overflowing discharge orifice and upper Portion is arranged overflow launder and constitutes.Lower overflowing stream discharge orifice effect: in the little situation of usual water, water is after sand setting from the distributing hole stream Out, play the role of low wash water water distribution;When water increases, and lower deploying water hole is not able to satisfy water outlet and requires, extra water is from upper Portion's overflow launder water distribution overflow, plays the role of big yield water distribution.It is detailed in overflow weir schematic diagram.Overflow weir of the invention overflows in conventional Different water requirements is considered on the basis of stream.Its structural schematic diagram is as shown in Figure 3.Quickly filtering canal is to match with uniform water inlet Water graded stuffing structure, by graded stuffing, perforated catchment pipe, perforation water guide branch pipe is constituted;Each component part plays following work respectively With: graded stuffing effect: interception different size suspended matter effect;Perforated catchment pipe effect: filtered water is collected.It is detailed in quickly Filter canal schematic diagram.Perforation aqueduct is made of total aqueduct and perforation water guide branch pipe, perforation aqueduct effect: by preliminary mistake The water of filter uniformly introduces intensified ecological and goes, and has uniform water distribution effect.Quickly innovation of the filtering canal in structure is as follows: 1. total collection Water pipe is directly embedded to packing layer, is conducive to quickly catchment.2. perforated pipe is radial to be deep into entire intensified ecological area, it is beneficial to equal Even water distribution.Quickly the structural schematic diagram of filtering canal is as shown in Figure 4.
The sand setting canal is characterized in that, is set to along channel length direction, increase overflow section vertical with water (flow) direction Product, is effectively reduced river flow velocity, the suspended matter in water body is enable to settle removal in a relatively short period of time.
The sand setting canal has a constant volume, can ensure that the hydraulic detention time greater than 1 hour, its volume of water flow difference Difference can have storage effect to the suspended matter sunk to, while have 10~20 meters of width, can make to clear up mechanical into periodically clear Manage sediment.
Sand setting canal water outlet is provided with overflow weir, it is characterised in that rectifies to upper river water, makes to pass in and out Water is in laminar condition, pre-processes conducive to the precipitating of polluted-water, reduces the load of subsequent treatment process.
Overflow water outlet enters quickly filtering canal, is provided with large aperture filler in the quick filtering canal, and at filler bottom Portion is provided with Large Diameter Pipeline perforated pipe as the aqueduct that catchments.
Perforation water guide branch pipe is quickly provided under filtering canal in perforated catchment pipe, it is strong that perforation water guide branch pipe connection enters ecology Change area, and is required to be arranged into intensified ecological area according to waterpower.
The Large Diameter Pipeline perforated pipe is connected with small diameter tube perforation branch pipe, the Large Diameter Pipeline perforated pipe, that is, filler bottom Collector pipe, pore diameter range φ 15~20, the small diameter tube perforation branch pipe, which refers to, is deep into the radial perforation water guide in intensified ecological area Pipe, pore diameter range φ 5~8 are evenly supplied to intensified ecological area after quickly filtering water, avoid water body short-circuit.
Convenient for collecting the water flowed down from filter layer and importeding into quickly filtering water and perforated catchment pipe, it is characterised in that fast Speed retention suspended matter, and is uniformly distributed water, avoids that local water is excessive to be caused to impact to Wetland ecological area.
This technique is an integrated artistic of black smelly water harnessing, sand setting canal be pretreatment+filtration treatment+back segment moisture with+ Intensified ecological advanced treating relationship.The present invention is in conjunction with a whole work for constituting black and odorous water improvement on the basis of reapective features Skill obtains preferable black smelly water harnessing effect.
Black smelly water treatment technology of the invention has a characteristic that the 1. open type black and odorous waters big for water propose More complete pretreatment+reinforcing advanced treating scheme.2. solving by quickly filtering and multistage perforation water distribution and proposing flood Amount enters ecosystem problem with hydrologic(al) budget, solves the problems, such as that local assault load is big.3. proposing efficient in the building of intensified ecological area Anaerobic/anoxic aerobic environment, it is ensured that the biochemical intensive treatment of micropollutant water.4. internal big follow is arranged using diving reflux pump Ring reaches water body activation while reaching energy conservation and environmental requirement.
Upland water enters setting pot through water guide lock, and passes through water distribution overflow weir, and Wetland ecological system is entered after uniform water distribution Canal (see Fig. 1) is quickly filtered in system front end, by passing through perforation sparge pipe into subsequent ecological treatment system after filtering just processing.
By making, stream is aerated plug-flow area to Wetland Park Ecological system, intensified ecological area is constituted.Mainly by being implanted in Wetland ecological Intermittent aerating in system constructs alternate aerobic, anaerobic environment, obtains sewage using the nitrification and denitrification effect of microorganism Purification, by the pollutant removals such as turbidity, COD, N, P in water body.Root system of plant and microorganism form syntaxial system simultaneously, make plant Nitrogen fixation is played, and is removed purpose to N to reach, is strengthened the denitrification effect of the ecosystem.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the black smelly enhanced water processing system structural schematic diagram that one embodiment of the present of invention provides.
Fig. 2 is the sand setting canal system schematic for the black smelly enhanced water processing system that one embodiment of the present of invention provides.
Fig. 3 be another embodiment of the present invention provides black smelly enhanced water processing system overflow weir schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the quick filtering canal schematic diagram for the black smelly enhanced water processing system that one embodiment of the present of invention provides.
Label lists as follows in figure: 1- sand setting canal, 11- canal wall, 111- water inlet, 1111- diversion gate, 112- water inlet gear Wall, 12- channel, 13- overflow weir, 131- overflow launder, 132- overflow hole;2- quickly filter canal, 21- filler, 22- catchment water guide dress It sets, 221- perforated catchment pipe, 222- perforation aqueduct, 2221- water guide general pipeline, 2222- water guide branch pipe;3- intensified ecological area, 31- Submerged plant planting area, 32- emergent aquactic plant growing area, 33- landscape ecological chinampa, 34- bionic aquatic weed, 35- swim fountain aeration Machine
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to embodiments, to this progress It is further described.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to limit Protection scope of the present invention.
" quickly filtering canal ", " filtering irrigation canals and ditches ", " quick filter layer " herein, all referring to " quickly filtering canal ".The One group of embodiment, black smelly enhanced water processing system of the invention
This group of embodiment provides a kind of black smelly enhanced water processing system.This group of embodiment has following common trait: such as Fig. 1 Shown in Fig. 2, the black smelly enhanced water processing system successively includes sand setting canal 1, quickly filtering canal 2, intensified ecological by water (flow) direction Area 3;Sand setting canal 1 and quickly filtering canal 2 are higher than intensified ecological area 3;The channel generally curvilinear structures of the sand setting canal 1;It is described The length of curve of curve is arranged according to following formula, length of curve=water flow ÷ overflow load, wherein overflow load≤ 1.7mm/s;The canal wall 11 of its black smelly water outflow side is equipped with overflow weir 13;Being filled in the quick filtering canal 2 may filter that The filler of black smelly water, filler bottom are additionally provided with the water guider 22 that catchments that the water for flowing through filler can be imported to intensified ecological area;Institute It states interior kind of intensified ecological area 3 and is implanted with plant.
According to the channel length of curve of above-mentioned formula setting sand setting canal, it can be ensured that stable water outlet facilitates in laminar condition The clean-up effect of black smelly water is improved on the whole.
In some embodiments, the side canal wall 11 that the black smelly water of the sand setting canal 1 flows into offers water inlet 111, separately The position that 111 mouthfuls of the water inlet is corresponded on 11 inner wall of side canal wall is equipped with water inlet barricade 112;Preferably, the sand setting canal 1 is arranged In the river with black smelly water, 11 height of canal wall of sand setting canal 1 is consistent with river levee height;
Preferably, 1 volume of sand setting canal is calculated according to following formula: sand setting canal volume=hydraulic detention time × Water flow, wherein hydraulic detention time is greater than 1 hour;
Preferably, the width of the sand setting canal 1 is 10~20 meters;The water inlet 111 is provided with diversion gate 1111.
The volume of sand setting canal can have storage effect to the suspended matter sunk to, and biggish width can make to clear up mechanical into fixed Phase clears up sediment.Hydraulic detention time is greater than 1 hour, and the purpose being arranged in this way is: when ensuring water body by sand setting canal, sand Grain or other impurities have enough sedimentation times and storage space;The width of sand setting canal is 10~20 meters, using this width pair Purifying black smelly water role is: ensuring that later period mechanical energy frees in and out and carries out the cleaning of sand setting canal and maintenance.
In further embodiments, the water guider 22 that catchments includes the bottom of the quickly filler of filtering canal 2 along irrigation canals and ditches Axially inbuilt perforated catchment pipe 221 and one end communication bores collector pipe 221, the other end protrude into intensified ecological area 3 channel Perforation aqueduct 222;
Preferably, the perforation aqueduct 222 includes water guide general pipeline 2221 and water guide branch pipe 2222;The water guide general pipeline 2221 one end communication bores collector pipes 221, the other end is connected to water guide branch pipe 2222;Described 2222 one end of water guide branch pipe and water guide General pipeline 2221 is connected to, and the other end protrudes into intensified ecological area 3;
Preferably, the water guide general pipeline 2221 is several, is evenly distributed in perforated catchment pipe 221;The water guide branch Pipe 2222 is radial apparatus derivatorius;
Preferably, one end that water guide general pipeline 2221 is connected to water guide branch pipe 2222 stretches to 3 intermediate region of intensified ecological area; Radial water guide branch pipe 2222 is uniformly distributed in intensified ecological area 3, and the separate water guide general pipeline of part water guide branch pipe 2222 Water inlet end of 2221 one end close to entire intensified ecological area 3.It is provided in this way and is conducive to uniformly introduce in the water in collector pipe 221 Intensified ecological area.
In the particular embodiment, the filler is graded stuffing structure;
Preferably, the graded stuffing structure includes upper layer and lower layer;Upper layer is 5~8mm of partial size φ, and lower layer is partial size φ 30 ~50mm.
Upper layer is using the benefit of this partial size: forming small gap has sieve effect, plays and shut off to fine suspension Filter, lower layer can be played a supporting role using this partial size, and gap is big, and collection water resistance is small.
In some embodiments, the overflow weir 13 is curvilinear structures;
Preferably, as shown in figure 3, the curvilinear structures of the overflow weir 13 are parallel with the curvilinear structures of the channel of sand setting canal 1 Adaptation;
Preferably, it is equipped with several overflow launders 131 at the top of the overflow weir 13, is equipped with several overflow holes below overflow launder 131 132,0.1 meter of 132 Kong Dingyu overflow launder of overflow hole, 131 slot bottom spacing;
Preferably, 13 height of overflow weir is lower than the water river par position that the black smelly enhanced water processing system is arranged 0.1mm。
0.1 meter of spacing of overflow hole Kong Dingyu overflow launder slot bottom, the advantages of this arrangement are as follows: keep it uniform in entire surface Water outlet, and water outlet is rectified, in ordinary water amount, setting pot is by overflow hole overflow, and when water is larger, water outlet will be more than overflow hole It is uniformly flowed out from upper isopipe simultaneously, overflow hole and overflow launder play the role of uniform water distribution.
In further embodiments, as shown in figure 4, in the intensified ecological area 3,0.5~1 meter of depth areas is that plantation is heavy 31,0.1~0.5 meter of the submerged plant planting area depth areas of water plant is the emergent aquactic plant growing area 32,1 for planting emergent aquactic plant Landscape ecological chinampa 33, bionic aquatic weed 34 and fountain aeration machine 35 of swimming are set on the corresponding water surface of~1.5 meters of depth areas.
Each depth areas environment is different, can remove variety classes pollutant, for example, 0~0.5 meter of region soluble oxygen compared with Height, main to remove based on organic matter and ammonia nitrogen, there are anaerobic environments in 0~1.5 region, main to be by denitrification removal total nitrogen Main, to 1.5 meters of regions are greater than, there are anaerobic environments, are conducive to the removal of total phosphor contaminant;
Ecology in the black smelly enhanced water processing system of the present invention reinforces area and is equivalent to follow-on surface flow artificial marshland improvement Type constructs different water depth difference plant population on the basis of existing surface flow artificial marshland, and increases fountain type aeration building multiplicity Phage environment;
Effect of the kind planting submerged plant in terms of handling black smelly water is: having using submerged plant to Nitrogen In Sediment phosphorus relatively strong Absorption cleaning effect;Effect of the plantation emergent aquactic plant in terms of handling black smelly water is: having preferable catharsis to ammonia nitrogen in water body Preferable landscape effect is played simultaneously;Landscape ecological chinampa is arranged in 1~1.5 meter of depth areas, because there is certain depth of water can ensure that Plant root growth is suspended in water body, is formed simultaneously biological membrane environment, and using animal in water and fish, it is flat to construct ecology Weighing apparatus;Bionic aquatic weed is set to the water surface hereinafter, for constructing biological membrane environment, building anaerobic/anoxic environment inhales organic matter and ammonia nitrogen Receipts processing;Swim fountain aeration machine effect be building aerobic environment, to organic matter and NH_3-N treating.
2nd group of embodiment, black smelly enhanced water treatment process of the invention
This group of embodiment provides a kind of black smelly enhanced water treatment process, which is characterized in that uses the 1st group of any institute of embodiment The black smelly enhanced water processing system stated handles black smelly water.
In the particular embodiment, the black smelly enhanced water processing system is arranged in river to be processed;It is described black The sand setting canal canal wall of smelly enhanced water processing system and the water (flow) direction in river are not parallel;
Preferably, vertical with river into the water (flow) direction of the black smelly enhanced water processing system.
As shown in Fig. 2, the water flow approach axis of black smelly enhanced water processing system of the invention is vertical with river, the cloth of system It is parallel with river to set direction.
In further embodiments, the intensified ecological area setting of the black smelly enhanced water processing system is mutated in river width Biggish section, or may be provided at the upstream of Ecological Park;
Preferably, the Ecological Park can be used as the intensified ecological area of the black smelly enhanced water processing system.
Downstream river course ecology buffer area in Fig. 1 refers to downstream Landscape River, and the black smelly water of upper river is through this system technique It can be used as downstream ecology Landscape River water after purification.
Before making the present invention, in the prior art there is not yet this using trench architectures or the report of the black smelly water of weir pattern handling Road.It can be substantially reduced using the black smelly water of system and process of the invention into ecosystem suspended matter according to test situation Concentration and the subsequent ecosystem organic loading of reduction.Conventional method compared with prior art, the present invention is to entrance ecosystem water Body is pre-processed, and the accumulation of subsequent ecosystem bed mud is substantially reduced, and it is black to reduce the subsequent ecosystem for the release of polluter Smelly risk.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of black smelly enhanced water processing system, which is characterized in that successively include by water (flow) direction sand setting canal, quickly filter canal, Intensified ecological area;Sand setting canal and quickly filtering canal are higher than intensified ecological area;The channel generally curvilinear structures of the sand setting canal;Institute The length of curve for stating curve is arranged according to following formula, length of curve=water flow ÷ overflow load, wherein overflow load≤ 1.7mm/s;The canal wall of its black smelly water outflow side is equipped with overflow weir;Being filled in the quick filtering canal may filter that black smelly water Filler, filler bottom be additionally provided with can by the water for flowing through filler import intensified ecological area the water guider that catchments;The ecology is strong Change in area and kind is implanted with plant.
2. black smelly enhanced water processing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the black smelly water of the sand setting canal flows into Side Qu Bi offer water inlet, corresponded on the canal wall inner wall of the other side water inlet position be equipped with water inlet barricade;It is preferred that Ground, the sand setting canal are arranged in the river with black smelly water, and the canal wall height of sand setting canal is consistent with river levee height;
Preferably, the sand setting canal volume is calculated according to following formula: sand setting canal volume=hydraulic detention time × water flow Amount, wherein hydraulic detention time is greater than 1 hour;The width of the sand setting canal is 10~20 meters;The water inlet, which is provided with, leads Flow gate.
3. black smelly enhanced water processing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water guider that catchments includes fast The bottom of the filler of speed filtering canal is along irrigation canals and ditches channel axially inbuilt perforated catchment pipe and one end communication bores collector pipe, the other end Protrude into the perforation aqueduct in intensified ecological area;
Preferably, the perforation aqueduct includes water guide general pipeline and water guide branch pipe;The one end water guide general pipeline communication bores are catchmented Pipe, the other end are connected to water guide branch pipe;Water guide branch pipe one end is connected to water guide general pipeline, and the other end protrudes into intensified ecological area It is interior;
Preferably, the water guide general pipeline is several, is evenly distributed in perforated catchment pipe;The water guide branch pipe is radial Apparatus derivatorius;
Preferably, one end that water guide general pipeline is connected to water guide branch pipe stretches to intensified ecological area intermediate region;Radial water guide Branch pipe is uniformly distributed in intensified ecological area, and one end of the separate water guide general pipeline of part water guide branch pipe is close to entire intensified ecological area Water inlet end.It is provided in this way and is conducive to the water in collector pipe uniformly introducing intensified ecological area.
4. black smelly enhanced water processing system according to claim 1 or 3, which is characterized in that the filler is graded stuffing Structure;
Preferably, the graded stuffing structure includes upper layer and lower layer;Upper layer be 5~8mm of partial size φ, lower layer be partial size φ 30~ 50mm。
5. black smelly enhanced water processing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the overflow weir is curvilinear structures;
Preferably, the curvilinear structures parallel registration of the channel of the curvilinear structures of the overflow weir and sand setting canal;
Preferably, it is equipped with several overflow launders at the top of the overflow weir, is equipped with several overflow holes, overflow hole Kong Dingyu below overflow launder 0.1 meter of overflow launder slot bottom spacing;
Preferably, the height of weir plate is 0.1mm lower than the water river par position that the black smelly enhanced water processing system is arranged.
6. black smelly enhanced water processing system according to claim 1 or 3, which is characterized in that in the intensified ecological area, 0.5~1 meter of depth areas kind planting submerged plant, 0.1~0.5 meter of depth areas plant emergent aquactic plant, 1~1.5 meter of depth areas Landscape ecological chinampa, bionic aquatic weed and fountain aeration machine of swimming are set on the corresponding water surface.
7. black smelly enhanced water treatment process, which is characterized in that using any black smelly enhanced water processing system of claim 1-5 System handles black smelly water.
8. black smelly enhanced water treatment process according to claim 7, which is characterized in that by the black smelly enhanced water processing system System is arranged in river to be processed;The sand setting canal canal wall of the black smelly enhanced water processing system and the water (flow) direction in river are uneven Row;
Preferably, vertical with river into the water (flow) direction of the black smelly enhanced water processing system.
9. black smelly enhanced water treatment process according to claim 7 or 8, which is characterized in that the black smelly enhanced water processing The intensified ecological area setting of system is mutated biggish section in river width, or may be provided at the upstream of Ecological Park;
Preferably, the Ecological Park can be used as the intensified ecological area of the black smelly enhanced water processing system.
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