CN101569808B - Uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system - Google Patents

Uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101569808B
CN101569808B CN2009100227847A CN200910022784A CN101569808B CN 101569808 B CN101569808 B CN 101569808B CN 2009100227847 A CN2009100227847 A CN 2009100227847A CN 200910022784 A CN200910022784 A CN 200910022784A CN 101569808 B CN101569808 B CN 101569808B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
flco
reverse
water
disturbance
separation
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009100227847A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101569808A (en
Inventor
刘刚
赵鑫
张铭儒
Original Assignee
中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 filed Critical 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所
Priority to CN2009100227847A priority Critical patent/CN101569808B/en
Publication of CN101569808A publication Critical patent/CN101569808A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101569808B publication Critical patent/CN101569808B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention provides an uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system, wherein a doping and mixing device is formed by connecting a dosing device, a turbulent flow pipeand a reaction kettle in sequence; a flocculent deposit reverse separation device comprises a reverse filtration bin, a floc guide plate and a floc storage bin; the reverse filtration bin is arranged on the top of the flocculent deposit reverse separation device; the floc storage bin is arranged at the bottom of the flocculent deposit reverse separation device; and the floc guide plate is arrange d between the reverse filtration bin and the floc storage bin. The system realizes the reverse separation functions of floc deposition and filtration in a same device, and greatly reduces the load of a filter screen, and floc enrichment and deposition are not influenced by disturbance caused by fluid and filtration. The system has the characteristics of small occupation area, low energy consumption, enclosed antibacterial pollution, high separation efficiency of floc due to reverse flocculation, uninterrupted water flow, less investment, medicament conservation and low operation cost.

Description

Uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system
Technical field the present invention relates to the solid-liquid separation technique field, is specifically related to a kind of uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system.
Background technology is present, and the intractability of high-concentration sewage such as processing of farm products waste water such as potato, cassava and cornstarch and chemical sewage is higher, is global problem.Adopt the routine biochemistry method to handle, investment is big, operating cost is high, treatment effect is also bad.Usually adopt flocculence to handle to high-concentration sewage in the prior art.Flocculence is handled and can be divided into static and dynamic two kinds, adopts the processing of traditional static flocculence to need to build fairly large sedimentation basin usually and matches with it, and its advantage is that power consumption is low, and its shortcoming is: 1. the mixing intensity of flocculant and sewage is not enough; 2. sedimentation basin capital construction cost is high, and floor space is big; 3. be easy to occur secondary pollution, particularly starch, processing of farm products waste water contains abundant organic nutrient substance, the long-time stop is easy to breed bacteria in sedimentation basin, produces a large amount of pernicious gases, pollutes surrounding enviroment.Same problem also appears in the flocculation sediment separation and Extraction and traditional running water purification process of natural drug, organic material etc.Adopt dynamic flocculence have flocculation rate fast, the shear action of floc sedimentation is made the closely knit advantage of flco; But prior art adopts open type, in the same way or the lateral precipitation filtration treatment usually; This type of processing mode; Flco focuses on the screen pack easily, causes the filtration overload, and exists power consumption height, the inconvenient recovery of flco, water flow disturbance to cause that sinking speed is slow, flco is prone to the blocking device pipeline, effluent quality is subject to shortcomings such as environmental change influence.Like application number is that 200410059901.4 break-in speed change fluctuating flow formula flocculation plant and flocculation process, application number are that 200410059903.3 partly circulate jetting type flocculation plant and flocculation process and application number are equipment and the technology of extracting protein in 200510053212.7 the farina waste water; All need additionaling power system or heater, energy consumption is higher; Application number is that 92214473.7 setback flocculation plant and application number are 200720035134.2 bucket-shaped grid flocculation device, adopts open-air sedimentation basin, and water quality is subject to the environmental change influence, can pollute; Application number is 98237001.6 reaction tank changeover portion water distribution flocculation plant, adopts vertical direction to arrange that grid reduces the kinetic energy of flowing water, can't recovery pond at the bottom of the flco of enrichment, influence further absorption, the separation of flco to polluter in the sewage.
Summary of the invention the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system; Can be implemented in reverse separation function, flco enrichment and the infall process disturbance rejection of settling of floccus and filtration in the same device, and floor space is little, energy consumption is low, the pollution of enclosed type antibacterium, solid-liquid separation efficiency height, small investment, operating cost are low.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
Technical scheme one: a kind of uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system; Comprise blending reaction unit and the flco precipitation reverse separation device that is attached thereto; Described blending device is to be linked in sequence by chemicals dosing plant, turbulated tube and retort to form; Described flco precipitation reverse separation device is a water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device; Comprise water inlet, water storage, water distribution zone, flco deflector, flco storage warehouse and reverse filtration storehouse, described water storage is by device case, first vertical baffle of water distribution zone and be positioned at that their middle and lower parts are staggered to be the warehouse that oblique funnelform flco deflector is formed; Described flco deflector is arranged between reverse filtration storehouse and the flco storage warehouse; Promptly be provided with a plurality of vertical baffles that leave passage up and down that shorten gradually in described water distribution zone; In the middle and lower part of each baffle plate both sides one flco deflector is installed respectively, the flco deflector on every adjacent vertical baffle interlocks and is oblique funnel-form; Described flco storage warehouse is located at the bottom of water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device, i.e. the below of water distribution zone, and its bottom and the row pipeline of wadding a quilt with cotton is connected; Described reverse filtration storehouse is located at the end of water distribution zone, and its top sets out the mouth of a river, and delivery port is communicated with outlet pipeline through a screen pack, and screen pack is arranged on the top of water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device.
Technical scheme two: a kind of uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system; Be with the difference of technical scheme one: described flco precipitation reverse separation device is a disturbance rejection flco reverse precipitation knockout drum; Comprise flco energy dissipating water conservancy diversion district, flco deflector, flco storage warehouse and reverse filtration storehouse; Said flco energy dissipating water conservancy diversion district comprises the mozzle that is connected with water inlet pipe and cap shape kuppe at an upper portion thereof is set; Open Side Down for kuppe, leaves the gap between the mozzle and the mouth of pipe thereof and the kuppe; Described flco deflector is arranged between reverse filtration storehouse and the flco storage warehouse, and the flco deflector is a downside rotation type electro spiral plate around the mozzle vertical component, and flco deflector and tank body shell constitute the helical duct of a decline; Said flco storage warehouse is arranged on the bottom of disturbance rejection flco reverse precipitation knockout drum, and its bottom is connected with row's wadding pipeline; Said reverse filtration storehouse is located at the top of tank body, and its top sets out the mouth of a river, and the delivery port place is provided with a screen pack, and screen pack is arranged on the top of disturbance rejection flco reverse precipitation knockout drum, and the tank body top is communicated with outlet pipeline.
Further perfect scheme as technique scheme one, two:
Eddy flow convergent water tray is established in described retort water inlet, and the water outlet of eddy flow convergent water tray is radial in the shape of a spiral, and water outlet aperture therefrom mind-set end diminishes gradually.
Described uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system comprises one or more levels fine filtering device, is connected with the reverse filtration storehouse of flco precipitation reverse separation device.
Described uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system comprises back purge system.
Described uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system comprises the flco drying device recovery.
Uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system provided by the invention; Realized the reverse separation function of settling of floccus and filtration in same device; Alleviate the load load of screen pack greatly, flco enrichment and sedimentation no longer receive fluid and the influence of filtering the disturbance that causes.This system and fine filtering and little Molecular Adsorption separator are supporting; Water purification after the processing can qualified discharge or production reuse; The flco of separating can directly carry out recycling after press dewatering or the spray-drying; After particularly potato, cassava and cornstarch processing waste water being handled, generally can reach the field irrigation standard and directly be used to irrigate the fields.Isolated protein and organic matter can carry out resource to be recycled, and increases economic benefit.This system has that floor space is little, energy consumption is low, the enclosed type antibacterium pollutes, reverse flocculation makes high, the uninterrupted current of flco separative efficiency, small investment, saving medicament and the low characteristics of operating cost.Has crucial meaning for advancing coagulation-flocculation treatment of high concentration sewage, reduction cost of sewage disposal and flco resource to recycle.
Description of drawings Fig. 1 is the sketch map of technical scheme one specific embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an eddy flow water inlet dish vertical view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the sketch map in reverse filtration of the present invention storehouse;
Fig. 4 is the sketch map of technical scheme two specific embodiment of the present invention.
Among the figure: the 1-cesspool, the 2-sewage pump, 3-makes up dosing tank, 4-turbulated tube, 5-eddy flow convergent water tray, 6-retort; 7-Pressure gauge one, 8-water inlet, 9-water storage, 10-liquid outlet, 11-horizontal baffle, 12-vertical baffle; 13-Pressure gauge two, the 14-water distribution zone, 15-reverse filtration storehouse, 16-flco deflector, 16 '-the flco deflector, the 17-observation window; 18-flco storage warehouse Hatch Opening, 19-flco storage warehouse, 20-row wadding pipeline valve one, 21-screen pack, 22-scraper, 23-fluid valve; 24-Drainage pipe valve, 25-fine filtering jar, 26-row wadding pipeline valve two, 27-row wadding pipeline, 28-back flush valves, 29-fine filtering valve; The little Molecular Adsorption knockout drum of 30-, 31-flowing water Valve, 32-water purifying tank, 33-clarified water pump, 34-inlet valve, 35-Pressure gauge three; The 36-power transmission shaft, 37-Porous Base, 38-knob, 39-bolt Rapid fastener, 40-kuppe, 41-mozzle.
That the specific embodiment such as Fig. 1 are extremely shown in Figure 3 is the embodiment of technical scheme one of the present invention.A kind of uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system comprises blending reaction unit and the flco precipitation reverse separation device that is attached thereto.
Described blending reaction unit comprises combination dosing tank 3, turbulated tube 4 and retort 6.Sewage in factory's blow-off pipe or the cesspool 1 pumps through sewage pump 2, gets into the pipeline that is connected with combination dosing tank 3.Be provided with the medicament quantitative control device in the combination dosing tank 3, through the feedback information of concentration of wastewater and flow inductor, according to the prescription of prior design, control adds dose, and different coagulated agents is quantitatively joined in the pipeline.Coagulated agent mainly comprises: flocculant, flocculant aid, PH conditioning agent and bactericide etc., use different medicament and formulation rate according to different disposal sewage.The sewage that adds coagulated agent gets in the turbulated tube 4 through pipeline; Turbulated tube 4 is 2~5 horizontal serpentine hosepipes; Process by metal or plastics; Turbulated tube 4 inner wall smooths, no right angle bend, corrosion-resistant, compression strength 0.4~1Mpa, turbulated tube 4 can make sewage and the rapid blending of coagulation medicine and form the wadding fluidised form, and the sewage and the coagulated agent of process snake type turbulated tube 4 get into retort 6 through eddy flow convergent water tray 5.Cyclone reaction jar 6 is upright column jars.Tank body bottom surface diameter is 1: 1.5~3 with the ratio of height; Water inlet pipe gets into from the tank body crown center; Eddy flow convergent water tray 5 is arranged on retort 6 water inlets, and the water outlet of eddy flow convergent water tray 5 is radial in the shape of a spiral, and water outlet aperture therefrom mind-set end diminishes gradually.Eddy flow convergent water tray 5 can play the effect of accelerating flow velocity; Make liquid when getting into retort 6, keep certain impact power and rotation fluidised form; Strengthen eddy flow turbulent flow effect, forming with eddy flow convergent water tray 5 is the circle watering face on plane, guarantees the fully mixed of medicament and sewage.Snake type turbulated tube 4 designs according to fluid mechanics principle with cyclone reaction jar 6, guarantees that fully mixing of sewage and medicament has the enough reaction time.Retort 6 bottoms are funnel-form and are connected with outlet pipe, and outlet pipe is provided with inlet valve 34.Pressure gauge 1 is arranged on the retort 6, can the test reaction jar pressure in 6, to guarantee fully mixing of medicament and sewage.
Described flco precipitation reverse separation device is a water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device, and its profile is horizontal horizontal groove jar, comprises water inlet 8, water storage 9, water distribution zone 14, flco deflector 16, flco storage warehouse 19 and reverse filtration storehouse 15.Water inlet 8 is wealthy horn-like for gradually; Its osculum end is connected with water inlet pipe; Big opening end stretches in the water storage 9, and its minimum diameter is 1: 1.5~4 with the ratio of maximum gauge, and water inlet 8 can effectively reduce the flow velocity and the kinetic energy of working fluid; Reduce the disturbance of liquid in the water storage 9, help the flco sedimentation of " growing up ".Water storage 9 for by the housing of water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device, in the water distribution zone 14 first vertical baffle 12 and be positioned at that their middle and lower parts are staggered to be the warehouse that oblique funnelform flco deflector 16 is formed; Be provided with a horizontal plate washer 11 on water storage 9 tops; Horizontal plate washer 11 is connected with water distribution zone 14 first vertical baffles 12; And leave the gap between the water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device housing; Horizontal plate washer 11 can stop big flocculating body to the diffusion of the passage on water distribution zone 14 tops, staggeredly is the flco storage warehouse 19 that oblique funnelform flco deflector 16 can guide flco to tumble to sink to the bottom.Water distribution zone 14 is provided with a plurality of vertical baffles that leave passage up and down 12 that shorten gradually, in the middle and lower part of each vertical baffle 12 both sides one flco deflector 16 is installed respectively, and the flco deflector 16 on every adjacent vertical baffle 12 interlocks and is oblique funnel-form.All vertical baffle 12 upper ends are arranged in parallel within on the horizontal plane, and each vertical baffle 12 upper end equates that with the spacing at water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device top this spacing and vertical baffle 12 length ratios are 1: 2~50; The spacing and vertical baffle 12 length ratios of each vertical baffle 12 lower end and water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device bottom are 1: 2~50.Passage is formed in the horizontal direction at vertical baffle 12 tops, and liquid is advection forward; Vertical baffle 12 lower ends and water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device housing bottom form down access ramp, guide flco to compile and sink to flco storage warehouse 19.Liquid flows at the upper channel along continuous straight runs of vertical baffle 12; Small flco continues to build up " growing up " and descends; Through the staggered guiding that is oblique funnelform flco deflector 16 and following access ramp, flco continues to tumble and sinks to flco storage warehouse 19, and flco storage warehouse 19 is positioned at the bottom of water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device; Its bottom is funnel-form, is connected with row's wadding pipeline 27.Flco storage warehouse 19 can prevent flowing to the sedimentation generation disturbance of bottom flco of supernatant liquid.Flco gets into the flco storage warehouse through flco storage warehouse Hatch Opening 18.Above the flco storage warehouse 19, water distribution zone 14 below be provided with observation window 17, can observe the sedimentation and the accumulation situation of flco, according to flco volume situation, be interrupted the row of opening wadding pipeline valve 1, flco is emitted through row's wadding pipeline 27.Reverse filtration storehouse 15 is located at the end of water distribution zone 14; Its top liquid outlet 10 places are provided with the above screen pack 21 of 300 orders; Screen pack 21 is fixed on the below of a Porous Base 37, on the Porous Base 37 hole what with big I according to material, thickness, the maximum fluid flow of Porous Base 37 with support the situation that screen pack do not break and set.In the middle of screen pack 21 was fixed on by ring flange with Porous Base 37, ring flange was fixed by a plurality of bolt Rapid fasteners 39.The material of screen pack 21 is metal, ceramic wafer, cotton fiber, chemical fibre etc.When the material of screen pack 21 is that hardness is bigger,, can not establish Porous Base 37 like metal or ceramic wafer.Screen pack 21 belows are provided with a rotatable scraper 22, in scraper 22 vertical direction placed in the middle one power transmission shaft 36 are set, and power transmission shaft 36 upper ends link to each other with the knob 38 that is arranged on 15 outsides, reverse filtration storehouse, through rotating the rotation of knob 38 drive scrapers 22.Scraper 22 is close to top screen pack 15, and the composite or the inlaid material of certain intensity of scraper 22 usefulness and flexible rigid plastics or plastics and metal are processed.Also there is tiny flco through in the liquid of water distribution zone 14; They flow to reverse filtration storehouse 15 top liquid outlets 10 with sluggish flow; Screen pack 21 is blocked in tiny flco off the net, and flco is piled up gradually, forms the following outstanding oppositely from the body filter course of certain thickness and density.This flco also will continue to add the big flocculating body volume from the body filtration fraction through effects such as physical absorption and chemical reactions.Along with flco further increases, the flco mud that adsorbs multi-pollutant more is owing to the reason of weight makes it break away from screen pack 21 naturally or with scraper 22 rotation scrapings, relies on descend deposition and guide along inclined floor and to converge to flco storage warehouse 19 of gravity.Replenish this outstanding reverse filtration layer down with continuous rising of the tiny flco of stylish entering, make down the thickness of outstanding filter course and density reach a kind of dynamic equilibrium all the time.The maintenance of this dynamic equilibrium, must by screen pack about in the of 21 pressure reduction regulate.The pressure reduction adjustable range is between 0.01~0.5 MPa, and its pressure differential can be calculated through Pressure gauge 2 13 and Pressure gauge 3 35 data presented.Clear water behind separating and filtering gets into the top cover inner chamber, gets into ultrafiltration apparatus through fluid valve 23, Drainage pipe valve 24 and pipeline then, and this moment, back flush valves 28 was closed.
Described ultrafiltration apparatus comprises fine filtering jar 25 and little Molecular Adsorption knockout drum 30.The bottom of fine filtering jar 25 is funnel-form, is connected with row's wadding pipeline 27 through row's wadding pipeline valve 2 26.The top of fine filtering jar 25 is connected with little Molecular Adsorption knockout drum 30 through fine filtering valve 29.Water purification after separating feeds in the water purifying tank 32 through flowing water Valve.
Uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system also comprises back purge system.Back purge system is made up of clarified water pump, back flush valves 28, fluid valve 23, Drainage pipe valve 24, inlet valve 34, row's wadding pipeline valve 1 and row's wadding pipeline valve 2 26.During backwash, open clarified water pump 27, back flush valves 28, row's wadding pipeline valve 1 and row's wadding pipeline valve 2 26, close inlet valve 34 and fluid valve 23, carry out backwash and got final product in 5~10 minutes.
Uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system also comprises the flco drying device recovery.The flco drying device recovery comprises precipitate and separate jar and filter press (or spray dryer).The effect of precipitate and separate jar is the flco sediment of discharging in the knockout drum further to be carried out gravitational settling separate, perhaps directly with filter press with the sediment press dewatering after, can be used for paving the way filler or his uses filter residue.If sewage is the farina processing waste water, the flco of its concentrating and separating can as additive of protein feed, be used for food additives after perhaps being further purified directly with after the spraying oven dry.
The day of the inventor oneself processing is handled 5m 3The water treatment system of pilot-scale is following in the performance of handling farina processing waste water Protein Separation and discharged wastewater met the national standard:
(1) structure of uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system:
Water delivery caliber Φ 16mm, material PPR;
15 meters of sewage pump 2 lifts, flow 1.5m 3/ h;
Turbulated tube 4 caliber Φ 16mm, the snake type turbulated tube of processing by long " S " shape stainless steel of 3 50cm;
Retort 6 high 60cm, diameter 20cm, volume 18L;
The water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device shell is processed with stainless steel, long 70cm, wide 15cm, the end 40cm that grows tall, short high-end 15cm, the about 40L of volume.Water distribution zone 14 has 5 stainless vertical baffles 12, and the top 2cm that leaves a blank forms discharge area 30cm 2The bottom 2cm that leaves a blank forms discharge area 30cm 2Gradually wealthy type water inlet 8 minimum diameter Φ 16mm, largest diameter 30mm, pipe range 3cm.The screen pack 21 in reverse filtration storehouse 15 is 300 order nylon wires, the effective filtering surface diameter of nylon wire 3cm.The aperture 2mm of Porous Base 37, effectively hole count is 51.Revolving scraper 22 materials are PE under the screen pack.The about 5L of flco storage warehouse 15 volumes.
Adorn the ceramic cylindricality screen pipe of 2 diameter 3cm in the fine filtering jar 25, manage high 20cm, effectively filtering surface 250cm 2, chimney filter aperture 0.2um.
The valve that uses on all pipelines is copper manually-operated gate.The Pressure gauge precision is 0.001 MPa.
Supporting medicament: self-control high-effective organic and inorganic composite flocculation agent, flocculation aid and PH conditioning agent.
In order to improve chemical oxygen consumption (COC) in the waste water (COD) clearance, behind the fine filtering jar, be provided with a diameter 5cm, highly for 20cm in fill graininess Al 2O 3The little Molecular Adsorption splitter 30 of molecular sieve, the cylinder material is a stainless steel.
Concentrating after flco is discharged and pouring a diameter into is 50cm, in the Plastic Drum of height 100cm, precipitates 24 hours, extracts supernatant out, and the flco of deposition is directly used the spray dryer drying below.
(2) test result:
Water inlet: 0.95 ton of farina processing waste water, water turbidity 485, COD are 11206mg/L, 0.2 ton/hour of water yield, 285 minutes consuming time, reverse filtration storehouse screen pack is pressure reduction 0.02 MPa up and down.
Water outlet: water turbidity 46, clearance 91%.COD value 587mg/L, clearance reaches about 94%.Water outlet naked eyes range estimations water quality substantially transparent, free from extraneous odour is placed 10 days still frees from extraneous odour, reaches agricultural irrigation water quality standard, also can reuse as farina factory material potato flushing water.Organic matter flcos such as the albumen of Separation and Recovery are after the spraying oven dry, and dry weight is 3587g, and wherein protein and polyoses content are respectively 879g and 1671g, and the rate of recovery is respectively 91% and 85%.
That as shown in Figure 4 is the embodiment of technical scheme two of the present invention.The embodiment of the embodiment of technical scheme two and technical scheme one is basic identical; Its difference is: said flco precipitation reverse separation device is an anti-destabilization flocculent precipitate reversed separating jar, comprise flco energy dissipating water conservancy diversion district, flco deflector 16 ', flco storage warehouse 19 and reverse filtration storehouse 15.Flco energy dissipating water conservancy diversion district comprises the mozzle 41 that is connected with water inlet pipe and cap shape kuppe 40 at an upper portion thereof is set; The vertical component of mozzle 41 is arranged on the middle and lower part of anti-destabilization flocculent precipitate reversed separating jar; Its longitudinal axis overlaps with the longitudinal axis of tank body; The vertical component of mozzle 41 is wealthy horn-like for gradually, and its osculum end is connected with water inlet pipe, and big opening end stretches in the kuppe 40.The vertical component minimum diameter of mozzle 41 is 1: 2~6 with the ratio of maximum gauge, and its length is 1/5~1/15 of tank body height.Open Side Down for the cap shape kuppe 40 that mozzle is 41 ones; Gapped between mozzle 41 and the kuppe 40; Spacing between the two be mozzle 41 delivery port diameters 1/2~1 between; The diameter of kuppe 40 is between 2~5 times of mozzle 41 delivery port diameters, and the height of kuppe 40 is between 2~5 times of mozzle 41 delivery port diameters.Solid-liquid mixture enters in the fair water cone shape cover 4 through horn-like gradually wealthy type mozzle 41 from water inlet pipe, and flco energy dissipating water conservancy diversion district can make rate of flow of fluid lower very soon, reduces the Brownian movement that kinetic energy reduces flco, helps flco growth sedimentation.Flco deflector 16 ' be is the downside rotation type electro spiral plate in axle center with the vertical component of mozzle 41, forms the helical duct of a decline with the shell of anti-destabilization flocculent precipitate reversed separating jar.Flco deflector 16 ' can be continuous downside rotation type electro spiral plate also can be arranged spiral many sheet plates by the folded formula of mistake and form.Heavier and fine and close flco relies on gravity to descend, and along flco deflector 16 ' be rolled in the flco storage warehouse 19.Flco storage warehouse 19 is located at the bottom of anti-destabilization flocculent precipitate reversed separating jar, and its bottom is funnel-form, is connected with row's wadding pipeline 1.Reverse filtration storehouse 15 is located at the top of anti-destabilization flocculent precipitate reversed separating jar, and the structure in flco storage warehouse 19 and reverse filtration storehouse 15 is identical with the structure among the embodiment 1.
The day of the inventor oneself processing is handled 5m 3The water treatment system of pilot-scale is following in the performance of handling farina processing waste water Protein Separation and discharged wastewater met the national standard:
(1) structure of uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system:
Water delivery caliber Φ 16mm, material PPR;
15 meters of sewage pump 2 lifts, flow 3m 3/ h;
Turbulated tube 4 caliber Φ 16mm, the snake type turbulated tube of processing by long " S " shape stainless steel of 3 50cm;
Retort 6 high 100cm, diameter 30cm, volume 70L;
The anti-destabilization flocculent precipitate reversed separating jar shell is processed with stainless steel, jar high 140cm, diameter 50cm, the about 270L of volume.The vertical component of mozzle 41 is the gradually wealthy pipe range 15cm of trumpet type, and minimum diameter is Φ 16mm, and maximum gauge is Φ 50mm.The diameter 15cm of cap shape kuppe 40, height 10cm.Screw type flco deflector 16 ' external diameter 48cm and knockout drum internal diameter of outer cover are apart from 2mm, and flco deflector 16 ' oblique angle is 30 degree, and swing circle was 1.5 weeks.The screen pack 21 in reverse filtration storehouse 15 is 300 order nylon wires, the effective filtering surface diameter of nylon wire 45cm.The aperture 2mm of Porous Base 37, effectively hole count is 221.Revolving scraper 22 materials are PE under the screen pack.
Adorn the ceramic cylindricality screen pipe of 2 diameter 3cm in the fine filtering jar 25, manage high 20cm, effectively filtering surface 650cm 2, chimney filter aperture 0.2um.
The valve that uses on all pipelines is copper manually-operated gate.The Pressure gauge precision is 0.001 MPa.
Supporting medicament: self-control high-effective organic and inorganic composite flocculation agent, flocculation aid and PH conditioning agent.
In order to improve chemical oxygen consumption (COC) in the waste water (COD) clearance, behind the fine filtering jar, be provided with a diameter 10cm, highly for 30cm in fill graininess Al 2O 3The little Molecular Adsorption splitter 30 of molecular sieve, the cylinder material is a stainless steel.
Concentrating after flco is discharged and pouring a diameter into is 50cm, in the Plastic Drum of height 100cm, precipitates 24 hours, extracts supernatant out, and the flco of deposition is directly used the spray dryer drying below.
(2) test result:
Water inlet: 2 tons of farina processing waste waters, water turbidity 435, COD are 10574mg/L, 0.5 ton/hour of water yield, 240 minutes consuming time, reverse filtration storehouse screen pack is pressure reduction 0.05 MPa up and down.
Water outlet: water turbidity 53, clearance 88%.COD value 655mg/L, clearance reaches about 93%.Water outlet naked eyes range estimations water quality substantially transparent, free from extraneous odour is placed 10 days still frees from extraneous odour, reaches agricultural irrigation water quality standard, also can reuse as farina factory material potato flushing water.Organic matter flcos such as the albumen of Separation and Recovery are after the spraying oven dry, and dry weight is 7114g, and wherein protein and polyoses content are respectively 172g and 3455g, and the rate of recovery is respectively 90% and 84%.
Above-described only is the specific embodiment of the invention.Be noted that for a person skilled in the art, under teachings provided by the present invention, make other equivalent modifications and all should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention with improving.

Claims (9)

1. uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system, it comprises blending reaction unit and the flco precipitation reverse separation device that is attached thereto, described blending device is to be linked in sequence by chemicals dosing plant, turbulated tube and retort to form; It is characterized in that: described flco precipitation reverse separation device is a water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device; Comprise water inlet, water storage, water distribution zone, flco deflector, flco storage warehouse and reverse filtration storehouse, described water storage is by device case, first vertical baffle of water distribution zone and be positioned at that their middle and lower parts are staggered to be the warehouse that oblique funnelform flco deflector is formed; Described flco deflector is arranged between reverse filtration storehouse and the flco storage warehouse; Promptly be provided with a plurality of vertical baffles that leave passage up and down that shorten gradually in described water distribution zone; In the middle and lower part of each baffle plate both sides one flco deflector is installed respectively, the flco deflector on every adjacent vertical baffle interlocks and is oblique funnel-form; Described flco storage warehouse is located at the bottom of water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device, i.e. the below of water distribution zone, and its bottom and the row pipeline of wadding a quilt with cotton is connected; Described reverse filtration storehouse is located at the end of water distribution zone, and its top sets out the mouth of a river, and delivery port is communicated with outlet pipeline through a screen pack, and screen pack is arranged on the top of water-distribution anti-disturbance floc precipitation reverse separation device.
2. uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described water inlet is wealthy horn-like for gradually, and its osculum end links to each other with water inlet pipe, and big opening end stretches to water storage.
3. uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described water storage top is provided with a horizontal plate washer, and first vertical baffle of horizontal plate washer and water distribution zone is connected, and leaves the gap between device case.
4. uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system; It comprises blending reaction unit and the flco precipitation reverse separation device that is attached thereto; Described blending device is to be linked in sequence by chemicals dosing plant, turbulated tube and retort to form; It is characterized in that: described flco precipitation reverse separation device is a disturbance rejection flco reverse precipitation knockout drum, comprises flco energy dissipating water conservancy diversion district, flco deflector, flco storage warehouse and reverse filtration storehouse, and said flco energy dissipating water conservancy diversion district comprises the mozzle that is connected with water inlet pipe and cap shape kuppe at an upper portion thereof is set; Open Side Down for kuppe, leaves the gap between the mozzle and the mouth of pipe thereof and the kuppe; Described flco deflector is arranged between reverse filtration storehouse and the flco storage warehouse, and the flco deflector is a downside rotation type electro spiral plate around the mozzle vertical component, and flco deflector and tank body shell constitute the helical duct of a decline; Said flco storage warehouse is arranged on the bottom of disturbance rejection flco reverse precipitation knockout drum, and its bottom is connected with row's wadding pipeline; Said reverse filtration storehouse is located at the top of tank body, and its top sets out the mouth of a river, and the delivery port place is provided with a screen pack, and screen pack is arranged on the top of disturbance rejection flco reverse precipitation knockout drum, and the tank body top is communicated with outlet pipeline.
5. uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: described mozzle vertical component is arranged on the middle and lower part of tank body; Its longitudinal axis overlaps with the longitudinal axis of tank body; It is gradually wealthy horn-like that the vertical component of mozzle is, and its osculum end links to each other with water inlet pipe, big opening end stretches in the kuppe.
6. according to claim 1 or 4 described uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation systems; It is characterized in that: eddy flow convergent water tray is established in described retort water inlet; The water outlet of eddy flow convergent water tray is radial in the shape of a spiral, and water outlet aperture therefrom mind-set end diminishes gradually.
7. according to claim 1 or 4 described uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation systems, it is characterized in that: also comprise one or more levels fine filtering device, be connected with the reverse filtration storehouse of flco precipitation reverse separation device.
8. according to claim 1 or 4 described uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation systems, it is characterized in that: also comprise back purge system, be connected with the reverse filtration storehouse of flco precipitation reverse separation device.
9. according to claim 1 or 4 described uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation systems, it is characterized in that: also comprise the flco drying device recovery, be connected with the flco storage warehouse of flco precipitation reverse separation device.
CN2009100227847A 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system CN101569808B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100227847A CN101569808B (en) 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100227847A CN101569808B (en) 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101569808A CN101569808A (en) 2009-11-04
CN101569808B true CN101569808B (en) 2012-07-04

Family

ID=41229374

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009100227847A CN101569808B (en) 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Uninterrupted anti-disturbance flocculent deposit reverse separation system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101569808B (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101913690B (en) * 2010-09-03 2012-10-03 无锡金源环境保护设备有限公司 Multilevel pipeline-mixed coacervation device
CN102139946A (en) * 2011-04-08 2011-08-03 中国人民解放军后勤工程学院 Primary strengthening treatment device of overflow sewage
CN107694202A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-02-16 湖北绿色家园材料技术股份有限公司 A kind of Ergol cake treatment apparatus and its method
CN109292930A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-02-01 王义刚 A kind of oil recovery filter plant and filter method
CN109865323A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-06-11 贵州大学 A kind of double tilted plate floating stuffing aquiculture waste water filtering separation device
CN110314446A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-10-11 中节能(汕头潮南)环保能源有限公司 A kind of garbage incinerating power plant sewage settling tank

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101569808A (en) 2009-11-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
DK2346788T3 (en) Sludge, purifier comprising a sludge device and methods for anaerobic or aerobic wastewater treatment
CN101378998B (en) Process and reactor for anaerobic waste water purification
CN104445830A (en) A3/O-MBBR (Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor) integrated sewage treatment device and A3/O-MBBR integrated sewage treatment method
RU2430020C2 (en) Method and reactor for anaerobic wastewater treatment
CS268523B2 (en) Sewage anaerobe treatment plant
CN201908018U (en) Sewage treatment device
CN202131185U (en) Sewage treatment system for farm
CN101531432B (en) Movable type general-purpose small sewage treatment equipment
CN101073715A (en) Apparatus and process for clarifying water efficiently
CN201033757Y (en) Sewage water treatment system for fruit juice waste water
CN203613071U (en) Sewage treatment device
CN104291503B (en) Offshore platform sanitary sewage catalytic oxidation treatment process and treatment system
EP3009408B1 (en) Pulse wastewater injection and mixing device and wastewater injection method for anaerobic reactors
CN102161554B (en) Anaerobic hydrolysis-acidification and anoxic-aerobic process-sequencing batch reactor (AO-SBR) integrated sewage treatment reaction tank
CN101269877B (en) Two-stage anaerobic digestion circulation blow-removing system
CN204079728U (en) The disposal system of liquid extruded by a kind of rubbish
MX2011005080A (en) Modular plant for the treatment of waste water.
CN104445836A (en) High-concentration asphalt waste water treatment method and device
BRPI0520198B1 (en) anaerobic effluent purification device and method of operating an anaerobic effluent purification device such as wastewater
CN102225803A (en) Biomembrane reactor, waste water treating system and method for treating waste water
CN102659227A (en) Middle-set type high density sediment water purification tank and purification technology thereof
CN201411399Y (en) Movable general minitype sewage disposing equipment
CN104787966A (en) System for treating waste water and odor from waste oil recycling and processing
EA023425B1 (en) Apparatus for deep biochemical wastewater treatment
CN101182053A (en) Backflow air-floating device for water-arrangement optimization multi-phase flow pump

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120704

Termination date: 20140603

C17 Cessation of patent right