CN213638844U - High-efficient tree species seeder - Google Patents

High-efficient tree species seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213638844U
CN213638844U CN202022131731.3U CN202022131731U CN213638844U CN 213638844 U CN213638844 U CN 213638844U CN 202022131731 U CN202022131731 U CN 202022131731U CN 213638844 U CN213638844 U CN 213638844U
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seeding
traction
cylindrical surface
roller
frame
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CN202022131731.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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秦玉海
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an agricultural machinery for agriculture and forestry, concretely relates to high-efficient tree species seeder, including frame, running gear, traction frame, connection frame and traction machine, drive mechanism, seeding case and long cylindricality seeding gyro wheel. The high-efficiency tree seed sowing machine is pulled through machinery, power of the traction machinery is introduced, the sowing roller wheel with a special structure is driven to rotate to sow tree seeds, uniform sowing is guaranteed, production efficiency is high, tree seeds are not wasted, and labor can be greatly saved. In actual use, the machine is equivalent to 25-30 manual labor forces, and can sow 50 acres of seeds every day at most.

Description

High-efficient tree species seeder
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an agricultural implement for agriculture and forestry, concretely relates to high-efficient tree species seeder.
Background
Under the existing production conditions, the sowing of tree seeds is almost all realized by manual sowing. The manual seeding is high in labor intensity, time and labor are wasted, the labor cost is high, and the seeding uniformity is different due to different working experiences of everyone, so that the seeding is not uniform, the thickness is not uniform during the sprouting, the sprouting rate of the plot is difficult to guarantee, the sprouting rate is influenced, the seed waste is caused, the seeding cost is increased, and unnecessary loss in production is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problem that the seeding of the tree species depends on manual seeding, the human cost is high, the seeding is uneven and the tree species is wasted, the utility model provides a technical scheme of mechanical seeding. An efficient tree planter comprising:
a frame;
the traveling mechanism is used for supporting the rack and realizing traveling and comprises four traveling wheels and a wheel height adjusting device;
the traction frame is connected with the rack and the traction machine;
a transmission mechanism;
the seeding box is used for filling seeds and is a strip-shaped box body, the box body is horizontally arranged, and two ends of the box body are fixed on the rack; a straight-edge opening with a full length is arranged from one end to the other end of the bottom of the box body, continuous and densely distributed bristles are arranged on the edges of two long edges of the opening, and the tail ends of the bristles are flush and extend out of the edges;
the seeding roller is provided with a central shaft fixedly connected with the seeding roller, two ends of the central shaft are respectively connected with two ends of the seeding box body through bearings, and one end of the central shaft penetrates through the bearings and is fixedly connected with a chain wheel; the chain wheel is connected with the transmission mechanism through a chain to drive the seeding roller to rotate; the cylindrical surface of the sowing roller is uniformly provided with convex particles; and one part of the cylindrical surface is arranged in the opening and is tightly attached to the bristles, and the directions of the bristles are consistent with the rotating direction of the cylindrical surface.
The raised particles uniformly arranged on the cylindrical surface of the sowing roller are made of elastic materials.
The distribution mode of the raised particles uniformly distributed on the cylindrical surface of the sowing roller is as follows: the raised particles are uniformly distributed on a certain spiral line along the cylindrical surface; the distance between the raised particles is set according to the seeding density.
The traction frame comprises two identical vertical plane quadrilateral four-bar linkages, and the two identical vertical plane quadrilateral four-bar linkages are respectively connected with two traction points of the traction machine from two positions of the frame; in each four-bar mechanism, four connecting points are hinged, one connecting bar is fixedly connected with a traction machine, the connecting bar at the opposite side of the connecting bar is fixedly connected with the rack, and the length of one connecting bar at the adjacent side of the connecting bar is adjustable; the adjustable seeding box has the function that the distance between the seeding box and the ground can be adjusted when different operation plots are met in the seeding operation, so that the optimal seeding effect is achieved.
The chain wheel comprises a plurality of chain wheel pieces with different diameters, and the chain wheel pieces are sequentially arranged and coaxially mounted according to the diameters; the chains can be respectively meshed with chain wheel plates with different diameters so as to realize different transmission speed ratios.
The seeding box is fixed on the rack through a releasable buckling mechanism, so that the seeding box is convenient to take down from the rack, and seeds accumulated in gaps are cleaned.
The utility model discloses an effect: the utility model provides a pair of high-efficient tree species seeder pulls through machinery to introduce the power of pulling machinery, be used for driving the rotatory tree species that scatters of seeding gyro wheel that has special construction, guaranteed that the seeding is even, production efficiency is high moreover, and extravagant tree species still can save the manual work greatly. In actual use, the machine is equivalent to 25-30 manual labor forces, and can sow 50 acres of seeds every day at most.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a high-efficiency tree seed planter of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial schematic view showing the structure and relationship between a sowing box and a sowing roller of the embodiment of the high-efficiency tree seed sowing machine of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the sowing roller structure of the embodiment of the high-efficiency tree seed sowing machine of the utility model.
In the figure, 1, a frame; 2. a traveling mechanism; 3. a traction frame; 301. an adjustable connecting rod; 4. a transmission mechanism; 5. a seeding box; 501. the buckling mechanism can be unlocked; 6. sowing rollers; 7. a sprocket; 701. a sprocket blade; 8. brushing; 9. raised particles; 10. a traction machine; 11. and (4) seeds.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments with reference to the attached drawings. It should be noted that the following detailed description is exemplary and is intended to provide further explanation of the disclosure. Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this application belongs.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of example embodiments according to the present application. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
The utility model provides a high-efficient tree species seeder, refer to fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3 institute, include: the frame 1 is used as a main structure for connecting, fixing and supporting other mechanisms and components;
the traveling mechanism 2 is used for supporting the rack 1 and realizing traveling and comprises four traveling wheels and a wheel height adjusting device; two rear wheels in the four travelling wheels are universal wheels, and the wheel height adjusting device is used for adjusting the wheel height to adapt to different terrains and keep the optimal distance between the seeding box 5 and the ground;
a traction frame 3 which connects the frame 1 with a traction machine 10 such as a tractor;
a transmission mechanism 4 that takes power from the traction machine 10 for driving a subsequent component;
the seeding box 5 is used for filling seeds 11 and is a long-strip-shaped box body which is horizontally arranged, and two ends of the seeding box are fixed on the rack 1; the novel toothbrush box is characterized in that a straight-edge opening with a full length is formed from one end of the bottom of the box body to the other end of the bottom of the box body, continuous and densely distributed bristles 8 are arranged on the edges of two long edges of the opening, and the tail ends of the bristles 8 are flush and extend out of the edges.
The seeding roller 6 is provided with a central shaft fixedly connected with the seeding roller 6, two ends of the central shaft are respectively connected with two ends of a box body of the seeding box 5 through bearings, and one end of the central shaft penetrates through the bearings and is fixedly connected with a chain wheel 7; the chain wheel 7 is connected with the transmission mechanism 4 through a chain to drive the seeding roller 6 to rotate; the cylindrical surface of the sowing roller 6 is uniformly provided with raised particles 9; in this embodiment, a part of the cylindrical surface is disposed in the opening and closely attached to the brush 8, as shown in fig. 2, the brush 8 points in the same direction as the rotation direction of the cylindrical surface.
In this embodiment, the brush bristles 8 are tightly connected with the edge of the bottom opening of the box body, the sowing roller 6 is tightly attached to the brush bristles 8 of the bottom opening of the sowing box 5, and meanwhile, a small gap is kept between the two ends of the sowing roller 6 and the box body, so that the particles of the seeds 11 cannot fall from the gap. So that the particles of the seeds 11 contained in the sowing box 5 do not fall down. When the mechanical power led out from the traction machine 10 by the transmission mechanism 4 is transmitted to the seeding roller 6 through the chain and the chain wheel 7, the seeding roller 6 is driven to rotate, the raised particles 9 on the cylindrical surface of the seeding roller 6 push away the brush bristles 8 at the bottom opening edge of the seeding box 5, and part of the seeds 11 fall to the ground through the blocking of the brush bristles 8 along with the movement of the raised particles 9, so that the seeding is completed. The size and the spacing of the raised particles 9 on the cylindrical surface of the sowing roller 6 can be determined through experiments according to the size and the sowing density of the particles of the seeds 11; the larger the raised particles 9 are, the closer the distance between the raised particles 9 is, and the greater the seeding density is; the smaller the seeding density is. The raised granules 9 of this embodiment are cylindrical in shape, 3mm in height and 6mm in diameter.
In the embodiment, the raised particles 9 uniformly arranged on the cylindrical surface of the sowing roller 6 are made of elastic material, and rubber is used to prevent the particles of the seeds 11 from being damaged;
in the present embodiment, the distribution of the raised particles 9 uniformly arranged on the cylindrical surface of the sowing roller 6 is as shown in fig. 3, and the raised particles 9 are uniformly distributed on a certain spiral line along the cylindrical surface; the pitch of the raised particles 9 is set according to the seeding density.
The traction frame 3 comprises two identical vertical plane quadrilateral four-bar linkages, and the two identical vertical plane quadrilateral four-bar linkages are respectively connected with two traction points of the traction machine 10 from two positions of the rack 1; in each four-bar linkage, four connecting points are hinged, one connecting bar is fixedly connected with a traction machine 10, opposite side connecting bars of the connecting bar are fixedly connected with the frame 1, and the length of one adjacent side connecting bar 301 of the connecting bar is adjustable; the four-bar mechanism is adopted to ensure that the fluctuation and the bump of the traction machine 10 do not influence the sowing box 5 when the ground is uneven; one of the connecting rods is an adjustable connecting rod 301, so that the distance between the sowing box 5 and the ground can be adjusted under the conditions of different plots or traction machines 10 with different heights, and the optimal sowing effect is achieved.
Further, the chain wheel 7 comprises a plurality of chain wheel plates 701 with different diameters, and the plurality of chain wheel plates 701 are sequentially arranged and coaxially mounted according to the diameters; the chains can be respectively meshed with the chain wheel sheets 701 with different diameters so as to realize different transmission speed ratios; in the embodiment, a group of five chain wheels 701 are coaxially installed, and the five chain wheels 701 can adjust the seeding speed according to different geographical environments and different seeding densities of the seeding land, so that the optimal seeding effect is achieved, and the utilization rate of tree seeds is improved.
The seeder is often used to sow different tree species, and when changing the tree species, 11 grains of originally sown tree species seeds need to be thoroughly cleaned up to be added with the changed tree species. Otherwise, firstly, the seeds 11 are wasted, and secondly, the seeds are manually removed after the emergence of the seedlings after being sown in the replaced seeds 11, which wastes time and labor. In order to be able to clean the seed box 5 more easily, the seed box 5 must be easily removable. Therefore, the sowing box 5 is fixed on the frame 1 through the releasable fastening mechanism 501, and when the seeds 11 in the sowing box 5 need to be cleaned, the releasable fastening mechanism 501 is released, so that the sowing box 5 can be conveniently taken down from the frame 1, and the seeds accumulated in the gaps can be cleaned.
The above embodiments are only for illustrating the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention, and those skilled in the art can make various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, therefore, all equivalent technical solutions also belong to the scope of the invention, and the scope of the invention is defined by the claims.

Claims (6)

1. An efficient tree planter comprising:
a frame;
the traveling mechanism is used for supporting the rack and realizing traveling and comprises four traveling wheels and a wheel height adjusting device;
the traction frame is connected with the rack and the traction machine;
a transmission mechanism;
the seeding box is used for filling seeds and is a strip-shaped box body, the box body is horizontally arranged, and two ends of the box body are fixed on the rack; a straight-edge opening with a full length is arranged from one end to the other end of the bottom of the box body, continuous and densely distributed bristles are arranged on the edges of two long edges of the opening, and the tail ends of the bristles are flush and extend out of the edges;
the seeding roller is provided with a central shaft fixedly connected with the seeding roller, two ends of the central shaft are respectively connected with two ends of the seeding box body through bearings, and one end of the central shaft penetrates through the bearings and is fixedly connected with a chain wheel; the chain wheel is connected with the transmission mechanism through a chain to drive the seeding roller to rotate; the cylindrical surface of the sowing roller is uniformly provided with convex particles; and one part of the cylindrical surface is arranged in the opening and is tightly attached to the bristles, and the directions of the bristles are consistent with the rotating direction of the cylindrical surface.
2. The efficient tree seed planter as claimed in claim 1, wherein said raised granules uniformly disposed on the cylindrical surface of said planting roller are made of an elastic material.
3. The efficient tree seed planter as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the distribution of the raised particles uniformly distributed on the cylindrical surface of the planting roller is as follows: the raised particles are uniformly distributed on a certain spiral line along the cylindrical surface; the distance between the raised particles is set according to the seeding density.
4. The efficient tree planter as claimed in claim 1 wherein said traction frame comprises two identical vertical planar quadrilateral four bar linkages connected to two traction points of a traction machine from two locations on said frame, respectively; in each four-bar mechanism, four connecting points are hinged, one connecting bar is fixedly connected with a traction machine, the opposite side connecting bar of the connecting bar is fixedly connected with the rack, and the length of one adjacent side connecting bar of the connecting bar is adjustable.
5. The efficient tree seed planter as claimed in claim 1, wherein said sprocket comprises a plurality of sprocket segments of different diameters, said plurality of sprocket segments being coaxially mounted in a sequential arrangement of diameters; the chains can be respectively meshed with chain wheel plates with different diameters so as to realize different transmission speed ratios.
6. The efficient tree planter as claimed in claim 1 wherein said seed box is secured to said frame by a releasable snap-fit mechanism.
CN202022131731.3U 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 High-efficient tree species seeder Active CN213638844U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022131731.3U CN213638844U (en) 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 High-efficient tree species seeder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022131731.3U CN213638844U (en) 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 High-efficient tree species seeder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213638844U true CN213638844U (en) 2021-07-09

Family

ID=76698523

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022131731.3U Active CN213638844U (en) 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 High-efficient tree species seeder

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213638844U (en)

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