CN212971615U - Onion lifting and peeling machine - Google Patents

Onion lifting and peeling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212971615U
CN212971615U CN202021511728.8U CN202021511728U CN212971615U CN 212971615 U CN212971615 U CN 212971615U CN 202021511728 U CN202021511728 U CN 202021511728U CN 212971615 U CN212971615 U CN 212971615U
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lifting
horizontal
onion
transmission line
fixed
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李京圣
张会植
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an onion lifting and peeling machine, belonging to the technical field of fruit and vegetable peeling equipment, and the key point of the technical proposal is that the onion lifting and peeling machine comprises a lifting transmission line and a horizontal transmission line; the lifting transmission line comprises a lifting frame, a driving lifting roller and a driven lifting roller which are respectively arranged at two ends of the lifting frame, and a lifting transmission belt of which two ends are respectively sleeved with the driving lifting roller and the driven lifting roller; a plurality of rows of lifting pieces for lifting the onions are fixed on the surface of the lifting conveyor belt; a scribing cutter frame is fixed on the lifting frame; a plurality of groups of scribing knife components are arranged on the scribing knife rack; each group of the scribing cutter assemblies corresponds to each row of the lifting pieces one by one; the scribing cutter assembly comprises a cutter bar which inclines towards the lifting conveying belt, and a blade is fixed at the end part of the cutter bar; an air nozzle blowing air towards the blade is fixed on the cutter bar above the blade; the utility model discloses a blade is scratched the onion crust to make onion epidermis and inlayer pine separate through the air current, thereby the crust of onion easily breaks away from when making follow-up skinning.

Description

Onion lifting and peeling machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a fruit vegetables peeling apparatus technical field especially relates to an onion promotes skinning machine.
Background
The onion is a fruit and vegetable with rich nutrition, is easy to preserve, can be eaten all the year round and is popular with consumers. When the onion is eaten, the outer skin of the onion needs to be peeled off, and the meat part is kept to the maximum extent. At present adopt artifical manual skin or machinery to skin when skinning the onion, when adopting machinery to skin, set up one and promote the transmission line usually, utilize to promote the transmission line and transmit onion to the onion peeling machine in, and then utilize the onion peeling machine to skin the onion.
Because the fruit structure of onion is laminated structure, be connected closely between crust and the inlayer, and then often appear the crust of onion and can't drop using onion peeling machine to skin the onion to need the manual work to pick up hourglass mend the skin to the onion after the onion peeling machine skins, consume the manpower, work efficiency is low.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing an onion promotes and cuts skin machine cuts open the onion crust through the blade to make onion epidermis and inlayer pine separate through the air current, thereby when subsequently using the onion peeler to skin the onion, the crust of onion easily breaks away from.
The above technical purpose of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions: an onion lifting and peeling machine comprises a lifting transmission line for lifting and transmitting onions and a horizontal transmission line for horizontally transmitting the onions; the feeding end of the lifting transmission line is close to the discharging end of the horizontal transmission line, and the lifting transmission line gradually rises from the feeding end to the discharging end; the lifting transmission line comprises a lifting frame, a driving lifting roller and a driven lifting roller which are respectively arranged at two ends of the lifting frame, and a lifting transmission belt of which two ends are respectively sleeved with the driving lifting roller and the driven lifting roller; a plurality of rows of lifting pieces for lifting the onions are fixed on the surface of the lifting conveyor belt; a scribing knife rack is fixed on the lifting rack; the scribing knife rack is provided with a plurality of groups of scribing knife components; each group of the scribing cutter assemblies corresponds to each row of the lifting pieces one by one; the cutter assembly comprises a cutter bar which inclines towards the lifting conveying belt, and a blade for peeling the onions passing through the cutter bar is fixed at the end part of the cutter bar close to the lifting conveying line; an air nozzle blowing air towards the blade is fixed at the position of the cutter bar above the blade.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, place the onion on horizontal transmission line, under horizontal transmission line's transmission effect, the onion falls to promoting the transmission line, under the effect to the onion that promotes the transmission band and lift the piece, the onion upwards transmits, when the onion passes through the scratch knife subassembly, draw the incision on the onion surface through the blade, and blow towards the incision through the air cock, utilize the air current to make onion epidermis and onion inlayer pine leave, and then when making follow-up onion peeler skin the onion, the epidermis of onion easily breaks away from.
Preferably, the lifting members of adjacent rows are staggered in the direction of lifting the width of the transmission line.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, the piece is lifting in promotion transmission line width direction staggered arrangement to adjacent row, makes every onion have more spaces, avoids when scratching the onion, and adjacent onion produces the interference.
Preferably, the lifting piece comprises a connecting plate fixedly connected with the lifting transmission belt and two lifting rods fixed with the connecting plate, and the two lifting rods are arranged in a V shape.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, be the setting of V style of calligraphy through two support lifters, and then can be good lift the promotion to the onion of equidimension not.
Preferably, one end of the cutter bar, which is far away from the lifting transmission line, is hinged with the cutter frame around a horizontal axis; the lower part of the cutter bar is provided with a positioning block for abutting and positioning the cutter bar, and the positioning block is fixedly connected with the scribing cutter frame.
According to the technical scheme, under the action of the gravity of the cutter bar and the blade, the cutter bar tends to rotate downwards around a hinge shaft of the cutter bar, and is positioned through the positioning block; when the onion when scratching the sword subassembly position, the effort to the guide arm of onion, the cutter arbor can upwards rotate around its articulated shaft, and then can better adapt to not equidimension onion and scratch the skin requirement, when the great onion of process volume, can not lead to because of the mar is too dark and damage the onion inlayer.
Preferably, the horizontal transmission line comprises a horizontal frame, a horizontal driving roller and a horizontal driven roller which are respectively arranged at two ends of the horizontal frame, and a horizontal transmission belt, two ends of which are respectively sleeved with the horizontal driving roller and the horizontal driven roller; and two ends of the horizontal driven roller are hinged with adjusting sliding blocks around the axis of the horizontal driven roller, and the adjusting sliding blocks are connected with the horizontal rack in a sliding manner along the length direction of the horizontal rack.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, the position of adjusting the slider is adjusted through the length direction along horizontal frame, and then can adjust the position of horizontal driven roller to the tensioning state and then the regulation to horizontal transmission band, thus can be better carry out horizontal transmission to the onion.
Preferably, a lifting support foot pad is fixed at the bottom of the lifting frame and is in threaded connection with the lifting frame; and a horizontal supporting pad foot is fixed at the bottom of the horizontal rack and is in threaded connection with the horizontal rack.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, through the setting that promotes support pad foot and horizontal support pad foot, and then can adjust the transmission angle that promotes the transmission line and the horizontal transmission height of horizontal transmission line to can be better transmit the onion under the operating mode of difference.
Preferably, the adjusting slide block is fixed with a connecting screw rod, the connecting screw rod axially penetrates through the horizontal rack, and the connecting screw rod is meshed with two positioning nuts used for being abutted against the horizontal rack.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, through connecting screw and two set nut of setting on set screw, and then through the regulation to the set nut position, can convenient and fast adjust the location to the position of adjusting the slider.
Preferably, the upper part of the feeding end of the horizontal conveying belt is provided with a hopper, and the hopper is fixedly connected with the horizontal rack.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, through the setting at the hopper, and then can prevent when placing the onion on horizontal transport belt, the onion rolls from horizontal transport belt under inertial kinetic energy's effect and falls to it is more convenient when the onion material loading to make the staff.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an onion lifting and peeling machine.
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of an onion lifting peeler.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a in fig. 1.
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a structure embodying a lift.
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a scribing knife assembly.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing the structure of the air faucet.
Wherein, 1, lifting the transmission line; 11. lifting the frame; 12. an active lifting roller; 13. a driven lift roller; 14. lifting the conveying belt; 15. a lifting member; 151. a connecting plate; 152. a lifting rod; 16. lifting the support pad; 2. a horizontal transmission line; 21. a horizontal frame; 22. a horizontal drive roll; 23. a horizontal driven roller; 24. a horizontal conveyor belt; 25. adjusting the sliding block; 26. connecting a screw rod; 27. positioning a nut; 28. a hopper; 29. a horizontal support foot pad; 3. a utility knife frame; 4. a scribe knife assembly; 41. a cutter bar; 42. a blade; 43. an air tap; 44. and (5) positioning the blocks.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In which like parts are designated by like reference numerals. It should be noted that the terms "front," "back," "left," "right," "upper" and "lower" used in the following description refer to directions in the drawings, and the terms "bottom" and "top," "inner" and "outer" refer to directions toward and away from, respectively, the geometric center of a particular component.
Example (b):
an onion lifting and peeling machine, referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, comprises a lifting transmission line 1 for lifting and transmitting onions, and further comprises a horizontal transmission line 2 for horizontally transmitting onions. The feed end of the lifting transmission line 1 is close to the discharge end of the horizontal transmission line 2, and the lifting transmission line 1 is gradually lifted from the feed end to the discharge end. The lifting transmission line 1 comprises a lifting frame 11, a driving lifting roller 12 and a driven lifting roller 13 which are respectively arranged at two ends of the lifting frame 11, and a lifting transmission belt 14 of which two ends are respectively sleeved with the driving lifting roller 12 and the driven lifting roller 13. The horizontal transmission line 2 comprises a horizontal frame 21, a horizontal driving roller 22 and a horizontal driven roller 23 which are respectively arranged at two ends of the horizontal frame 21, and a horizontal transmission belt 24 of which two ends are respectively sleeved with the horizontal driving roller 22 and the horizontal driven roller 23. The horizontal driving roller 22 and the driving lifting roller 12 are driven by servo motors, when onions are peeled, the onions are placed on the horizontal transmission line 2, and then the onions enter the onion peeling machine to be peeled under the transmission action of the horizontal transmission line 2 and the lifting transmission line 1.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a hopper 28 is disposed at the upper portion of the feeding end of the horizontal conveyor 24, and the hopper 28 is fixedly connected to the horizontal frame 21. By the arrangement of the hopper 28, the onion is prevented from rolling off the horizontal conveyor belt 24 when the onion is placed on the horizontal conveyor belt 24. A lifting support foot pad 16 is fixed at the bottom of the lifting frame 11, and the lifting support foot pad 16 is in threaded connection with the lifting frame 11; the bottom of the horizontal frame 21 is fixed with a horizontal supporting foot pad 29, and the horizontal supporting foot pad 29 is in threaded connection with the horizontal frame 21. Through horizontal support pad foot 29 and the setting that promotes support pad foot 16, and then can adjust the transmission angle that promotes transmission line 1 and the horizontal transmission height of horizontal transmission line 2, and then can better transmit the onion.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the two ends of the horizontal driven roller 23 are hinged with adjusting sliders 25 around the axes thereof, and the adjusting sliders 25 are slidably connected with the horizontal frame 21 along the length direction of the horizontal frame 21. The adjusting slide 25 is fixed with a connecting screw 26, the connecting screw 26 axially penetrates the horizontal frame 21, and the connecting screw 26 is meshed with two positioning nuts 27 for abutting against the horizontal frame 21. Through not hard up set nut 27, and then can adjust the position of adjusting the slider 25 along the length direction of horizontal frame 21 to adjust the position of horizontal driven roller 23, and then can adjust the tensioning state of horizontal transmission band 24, thereby better carry out horizontal transmission to the onion.
Referring to fig. 1 and 4, a plurality of rows of lifting members 15 for lifting the onions are fixed on the surface of the lifting conveyor 14; the lifting piece 15 comprises a connecting plate 151 fixedly connected with the lifting transmission belt 14 and two lifting rods 152 fixed with the connecting plate 151, and the two lifting rods 152 are arranged in a V shape. The lifting pieces 15 of adjacent columns are staggered in the width direction of the lifting transmission line 1. A utility knife rack 3 is fixed on the lifting rack 11; a plurality of groups of scribing knife components 4 are arranged on the scribing knife rack 3; each set of the scribing cutter assemblies 4 corresponds to each row of the lifting pieces 15 one by one. Lift the onion through two pole 152 that lift of holding in the palm, and then the not lifting requirement of equidimension onion of adaptation that can be good, the piece 15 of lifting of adjacent row is promoting 1 width direction staggered arrangement of transmission line, and then the onion of every transmission has bigger space, prevents to take place to interfere when transmission or skin cutting at adjacent onion.
Referring to fig. 2, 5 and 6, the scribing cutter assembly 4 comprises a cutter bar 41 which is inclined towards the lifting transmission belt 14, and a blade 42 for scribing the onion passing through is fixed at the end of the cutter bar 41 close to the lifting transmission line 1. The end of the knife bar 41 is fixed with a knife pressing seat, and the blade 42 is inserted in the knife pressing seat and is tightly pressed and fixed through a screw. An air nozzle 43 for blowing air toward the blade 42 is fixed on the blade bar 41 above the blade 42, and the air nozzle 43 is pressed and fixed on the end of the blade bar 41 through a clamp connected with the blade bar 41 through a bolt. One end of the cutter bar 41, which is far away from the lifting transmission line 1, is hinged with the cutter frame 3 around a horizontal axis; a positioning block 44 for abutting and positioning the cutter bar 41 is arranged at the lower part of the cutter bar 41, and the positioning block 44 is fixedly connected with the scribing cutter frame 3. Cutter arbor 41 has the trend of rotating downwards around its articulated shaft under the effect of gravity, fixes a position cutter arbor 41 through locating piece 44, and when the onion passed through blade 42 position, under the effort of onion, cutter arbor 41 can upwards rotate according to the size self-adaptation of onion to when the great onion of process volume, can not lead to because of the mar is too dark and damage the onion inlayer.
The utility model discloses a concrete implementation principle does:
the onion that will carry out the skin is placed at horizontal transmission line 2, under the transmission effect of horizontal transmission line 2, transmits to promotion transmission line 1, under the lifting effect that sees lifting member 15 and promote transmission band 14 transmission effect, and the onion follows promotion transmission band 14 upward movement. When the onion passes through the scraper assembly 4, a cut is made on the onion skin through the contact of the blade 42 and the onion skin, and then an air flow is blown into the cut through the air nozzle 43, so that the outer skin of the onion is separated from the inner layer of the onion, and then the outer skin of the onion is easy to separate when the onion is peeled by a subsequent onion peeling machine.
Although some specific embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail by way of illustration, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that the above illustration is only for purposes of illustration and is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the above embodiments without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an onion promotes and cuts skin machine, is including being used for promoting promotion transmission line (1) of transmission to the onion, its characterized in that: the onion harvester also comprises a horizontal transmission line (2) for horizontally transmitting the onions; the feeding end of the lifting transmission line (1) is close to the discharging end of the horizontal transmission line (2), and the lifting transmission line (1) gradually rises from the feeding end to the discharging end; the lifting transmission line (1) comprises a lifting frame (11), a driving lifting roller (12) and a driven lifting roller (13) which are respectively arranged at two ends of the lifting frame (11), and a lifting transmission belt (14) of which two ends are respectively sleeved with the driving lifting roller (12) and the driven lifting roller (13); a plurality of rows of lifting pieces (15) for lifting the onions are fixed on the surface of the lifting conveyor belt (14); a utility knife rack (3) is fixed on the lifting rack (11); a plurality of groups of scriber assemblies (4) are arranged on the scriber rack (3); each group of the scribing cutter assemblies (4) corresponds to each row of the lifting pieces (15) one by one; the cutter assembly (4) comprises a cutter bar (41) which inclines towards the lifting conveying belt (14), and a blade (42) for peeling the onions passing through is fixed at the end part of the cutter bar (41) close to the lifting conveying line (1); an air nozzle (43) blowing air towards the blade (42) is fixed on the cutter bar (41) above the blade (42).
2. The onion lifting and skin scoring machine of claim 1, wherein: the lifting pieces (15) of the adjacent rows are arranged in a staggered way in the width direction of the lifting transmission line (1).
3. The onion lifting and skin scoring machine of claim 1, wherein: lift piece (15) including with promote transmission band (14) fixed connection's connecting plate (151) and two with connecting plate (151) fixed support lifting rod (152), two support lifting rod (152) are the setting of V style of calligraphy.
4. The onion lifting and skin scoring machine of claim 1, wherein: one end of the cutter bar (41) far away from the lifting transmission line (1) is hinged with the cutter frame (3) around a horizontal axis; the lower part of the cutter bar (41) is provided with a positioning block (44) for abutting and positioning the cutter bar (41), and the positioning block (44) is fixedly connected with the utility knife rack (3).
5. The onion lifting and skin scoring machine of claim 1, wherein: the horizontal transmission line (2) comprises a horizontal rack (21), a horizontal driving roller (22) and a horizontal driven roller (23) which are respectively arranged at two ends of the horizontal rack (21), and a horizontal transmission belt (24) of which two ends are respectively sleeved with the horizontal driving roller (22) and the horizontal driven roller (23); the two ends of the horizontal driven roller (23) are hinged with adjusting sliding blocks (25) around the axis of the horizontal driven roller, and the adjusting sliding blocks (25) are connected with the horizontal rack (21) in a sliding mode along the length direction of the horizontal rack (21).
6. The onion lifting and skin scoring machine of claim 5, wherein: a lifting support pad foot (16) is fixed at the bottom of the lifting frame (11), and the lifting support pad foot (16) is in threaded connection with the lifting frame (11); the bottom of the horizontal rack (21) is fixed with a horizontal supporting pad foot (29), and the horizontal supporting pad foot (29) is in threaded connection with the horizontal rack (21).
7. The onion lifting and skin scoring machine of claim 5, wherein: the adjusting slide block (25) is fixed with a connecting screw rod (26), the connecting screw rod (26) axially penetrates through the horizontal rack (21), and two positioning nuts (27) used for being abutted to the horizontal rack (21) are meshed with the connecting screw rod (26).
8. The onion lifting and skin scoring machine of claim 5, wherein: the upper portion of horizontal transmission band (24) feed end is provided with hopper (28), hopper (28) and horizontal rack (21) fixed connection.
CN202021511728.8U 2020-07-27 2020-07-27 Onion lifting and peeling machine Active CN212971615U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021511728.8U CN212971615U (en) 2020-07-27 2020-07-27 Onion lifting and peeling machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021511728.8U CN212971615U (en) 2020-07-27 2020-07-27 Onion lifting and peeling machine

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CN212971615U true CN212971615U (en) 2021-04-16

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021511728.8U Active CN212971615U (en) 2020-07-27 2020-07-27 Onion lifting and peeling machine

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114431489A (en) * 2022-02-22 2022-05-06 王垚 Skin device is cut with crust opening to chinese chestnut system of frying

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114431489A (en) * 2022-02-22 2022-05-06 王垚 Skin device is cut with crust opening to chinese chestnut system of frying
CN114431489B (en) * 2022-02-22 2023-12-01 保康县老酱爷食品有限公司 Skin opening and peeling device for Chinese chestnut stir-frying

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