CN212753693U - Ecological intercepting system for breeding excrement in mountain forest - Google Patents

Ecological intercepting system for breeding excrement in mountain forest Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212753693U
CN212753693U CN202022114858.4U CN202022114858U CN212753693U CN 212753693 U CN212753693 U CN 212753693U CN 202022114858 U CN202022114858 U CN 202022114858U CN 212753693 U CN212753693 U CN 212753693U
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ditches
irrigation canals
mountain forest
interception
sedimentation tank
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CN202022114858.4U
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詹凯
马瑞钰
刘伟
万意
李俊营
李岩
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Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine of Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine of Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dirty ecological interception system of mountain forest breed excrement, the system is including the interception irrigation canals and ditches, collect irrigation canals and ditches and sedimentation tank, the interception irrigation canals and ditches have a plurality of, the interception irrigation canals and ditches transversely set up in the domatic high department of difference on mountain forest ground, every interception irrigation canals and ditches top surface all covers has the grid board wholly, all set up to the slope at the bottom of the canal of every interception irrigation canals and ditches, collect the irrigation canals and ditches along domatic vertical setting, and collect the irrigation canals and ditches in proper order with the slope minimum point position intercommunication. The system can wash, intercept, collect and precipitate the livestock and poultry manure on the slope of the mountain forest land, is beneficial to keeping the mountain forest land clean and sanitary, avoids the manure from polluting the environment and causing stink, and simultaneously avoids the manure from causing harm to the growth and development of the livestock and poultry; the system also has the function of sewage treatment and recovery, can save the use cost and avoid water resource waste.

Description

Ecological intercepting system for breeding excrement in mountain forest
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a breed technical field, concretely relates to dirty ecological interception system of mountain forest breed excrement.
Background
With the development of the breeding industry in China, more and more farmers choose to utilize environments such as hillside, fruit garden and the like to breed pigs, chickens, ducks, geese and other livestock and poultry, and the breeding mode of scattered breeding in forests can improve the quality of breeding products and increase the economic added value.
However, the current mountain farming has a problem that the excrement distributed over the mountain land cannot be effectively treated. The long-term accumulation of the excrement brings inconvenience to the breeding management, causes odor, pollutes the environment and brings harm to the growth and development of the livestock and poultry.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a dirty ecological interception system of mountain forest breed excrement, it has solved the problem that present mountain forest breed beasts and birds excrement and urine is difficult to handle.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes above-mentioned purpose:
the utility model provides a mountain forest breeds dirty ecological interception system of excrement, the system is including intercepting the irrigation canals and ditches, collecting irrigation canals and ditches and sedimentation tank, the intercepting irrigation canals and ditches have a plurality of, and the intercepting irrigation canals and ditches transversely set up in the domatic high department of difference on mountain forest ground, and every intercepting irrigation canals and ditches top surface all covers wholly has the grid board, all sets up to the slope at the bottom of the canal of every intercepting irrigation canals and ditches, collect the irrigation canals and ditches along domatic vertical setting, and collect the irrigation canals and ditches and communicate with the slope minimum.
The system is further improved in that the system also comprises a plurality of flushing mechanisms distributed on the slope surface of the mountain forest land.
The system is further improved in that the system further comprises a sewage treatment tank and a water storage tank, wherein the sewage treatment tank is communicated with the sedimentation tank and is used for receiving and treating upper-layer sewage of the sedimentation tank, the water storage tank is communicated with the sewage treatment tank and is used for receiving and storing clear water obtained after treatment, and the water storage tank is simultaneously communicated with each flushing mechanism through pipelines and is used for providing a water source for the flushing mechanism.
The sewage treatment device is further improved in that a filler frame is arranged in the sewage treatment tank, and biological fillers are filled on the filler frame.
The collecting channel is provided with a crushing mechanism and a filtering mechanism, the crushing mechanism is positioned at the upstream of the filtering mechanism, the crushing mechanism is used for crushing the feces flowing through the collecting channel, and the filtering mechanism is used for filtering out solid impurities doped in the crushed feces.
The further improvement lies in, rubbing crusher constructs including riser, swash plate, impingement plate and jet, swash plate and impingement plate have a plurality of, and the swash plate interval is installed in the same side of riser, and the impingement plate is installed on the riser between adjacent swash plate, be equipped with a plurality of high pressure nozzle on the jet, high pressure nozzle and impingement plate one-to-one, and each impingement plate of vertical alignment.
The impact plate is made of high manganese steel material or chromium carbide material, and protrusions are formed on the surface of the impact plate.
The improved sedimentation tank is characterized in that a plurality of flow partition plates are arranged in the sedimentation tank, the flow partition plates are vertically arranged at intervals, a water passing channel is reserved between the bottom of each flow partition plate and the bottom of the sedimentation tank, an aeration mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the sedimentation tank, and a sludge pump is arranged at a sludge outlet of the sedimentation tank.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that: the system can wash, intercept, collect and precipitate the livestock and poultry manure on the slope of the mountain forest land, is beneficial to keeping the mountain forest land clean and sanitary, avoids the manure from polluting the environment and causing stink, and simultaneously avoids the manure from causing harm to the growth and development of the livestock and poultry; the system can crush and filter the excrement after scouring, remove impurities such as stones, large-particle gravel and the like, and prevent the impurities from flowing into the sedimentation tank to influence the utilization of the excrement in the later period; the system also has the function of sewage treatment and recovery, can save the use cost and avoid water resource waste.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of the system on a slope of a mountain forest land;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the present system;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a sewage treatment tank;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the shredder mechanism;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a sedimentation tank;
in the figure: 1. intercepting a ditch; 2. collecting the ditches; 3. a sedimentation tank; 31. a flow isolating plate; 32. an aeration mechanism; 33. a slurry pump; 4. a grid plate; 5. a flushing mechanism; 6. a sewage treatment tank; 61. a filler frame; 62. biological fillers; 7. a water storage tank; 8. a crushing mechanism; 81. a vertical plate; 82. a sloping plate; 83. An impact plate; 84. an air jet; 85. a high pressure nozzle; 9. and a filtering mechanism.
Detailed Description
The present application will now be described in further detail with reference to the drawings, it should be noted that the following detailed description is given for illustrative purposes only and is not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present application, as those skilled in the art will be able to make numerous insubstantial modifications and adaptations to the present application based on the above disclosure.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, an ecological intercepting system for dung and sewage in mountain forest cultivation comprises intercepting ditches 1, collecting ditches 2 and a sedimentation tank 3, wherein the intercepting ditches 1 are arranged transversely at different slope heights of mountain forest land, the top surface of each intercepting ditch 1 is covered with a grid plate 4, the grid plates 4 ensure that dung and sewage can pass through the intercepting ditches, livestock and poultry are prevented from falling off, the bottom of each intercepting ditch 1 is set to be a slope, specifically, the middle of each intercepting ditch 1 is low, two sides of each intercepting ditch are high, or one side of each intercepting ditch is low, the other side of each intercepting ditch is high, so that the dung and sewage entering the intercepting ditches 1 can automatically flow to a lower position, the collecting ditches 2 are arranged longitudinally along the slope, the collecting ditches 2 are communicated with the lowest point position of the slope of each intercepting ditch 1 in sequence, and the sedimentation tank 3 is connected to.
When raining, the rain water can flush excrement on the slope surface into the intercepting ditch 1, the mixture of the excrement and the water automatically flows to the lowest point position in the intercepting ditch 1 and then is converged into the collecting ditch 2, and the collecting ditch guides the mixture into the sedimentation tank 3 for sedimentation. Preferably, the system also comprises a plurality of flushing mechanisms 5 distributed on the slope surface of the mountain forest land. Under the condition of less rainwater in dry seasons, the slope surface of the mountain forest can be manually flushed by the flushing mechanism 5.
The utility model discloses in, the system still includes sewage treatment pond 6 and tank 7, and sewage treatment pond 6 communicates with sedimentation tank 3 for accept and handle the upper sewage of sedimentation tank 3, tank 7 and sewage treatment pond 6 intercommunication for accept and store the clear water that 6 post-treatment in sewage treatment pond obtained, tank 7 simultaneously through pipeline and each bath mechanism 5 intercommunication, be used for providing the water source for bath mechanism 5. The sewage after scouring is recycled through the sewage treatment tank 6 and the water storage tank 7, and water resources are saved. Particularly, a filler frame 61 is arranged in the sewage treatment tank 6, and the filler frame 61 is filled with biological fillers 62. The biological filler 62 can specifically adopt a combined filler, a three-dimensional elastic filler, a porous suspended ball filler or an active biological filler and the like, and is used for carrying out biological treatment on sewage, anaerobic bacteria grow in the filler, and denitrification can be carried out to remove nitrogen; aerobic bacteria grow outside to remove organic matters.
The utility model discloses in, collect and be equipped with rubbing crusher structure 8 and filtering mechanism 9 on irrigation canals and ditches 2, rubbing crusher structure 8 is located filtering mechanism 9 upstream, wherein rubbing crusher structure 8 is used for smashing the excrement dirt that flows through in collecting irrigation canals and ditches 2, filtering mechanism 9 is arranged in straining the solid debris that mixes in the excrement dirt after smashing down, for example stone, big particle diameter gravel, plastics, feather, branch etc. in these debris sneak into sedimentation tank 3, can influence the sedimentation effect, still can influence the utilization of final excrement silt.
Wherein, rubbing crusher constructs 8 and includes riser 81, the swash plate 82, impact plate 83 and jet 84, swash plate 82 and impact plate 83 have a plurality of pieces, the same side at riser 81 is installed at the swash plate 82 interval, impact plate 83 is installed on riser 81 between adjacent swash plate 82, and impact plate 83 is less than its top swash plate 82 outer port along the minimum, jet 84 is connected with the air supply, be equipped with a plurality of high pressure nozzle 85 on the jet 84, high pressure nozzle 85 is horizontally rectangular shape, can be in certain width to all objects that flow down impact, high pressure nozzle 85 and impact plate 83 one-to-one, and each impact plate 83 of vertical alignment. The mixture of the excrement and the sewage flows down through the collecting ditch 2, the excrement flows and is soaked for a certain time and is loose, after the mixture enters the crushing mechanism 8, the mixture flows from top to bottom on the inclined plate 82 layer by layer, and after each inclined plate 82 falls, the mixture is flushed onto the impact plate 83 under the impact of the gas of the high-pressure nozzle 85, the mixture is scattered and crushed, the excrement is completely crushed into fine particles after multiple impacts, and solid impurities such as stones, feathers, gravel and branches cannot be crushed. The crushed mixture enters a filtering mechanism 9, the impurities are filtered, the residual excrement particles and the sewage continue to flow downwards, and the filtering mechanism 9 needs to clean the impurities regularly.
In particular, the impact plate 83 is made of high manganese steel material or chromium carbide material, high hardness and excellent wear resistance are ensured, abrasion is not caused even if impact is carried out for a long time, and protrusions are formed on the surface of the impact plate 83, so that impact scattering and crushing effects can be improved.
The utility model discloses in, be equipped with a plurality of pieces in sedimentation tank 3 and separate and flow board 31, separate and flow the vertical interval setting of board 31, separate and flow board 31 and play separation rivers disturbance effect, promote the sedimentation separation effect, separate and leave water channel between the bottom of flowing board 31 and the bottom of the pool, the bottom of the pool of sedimentation tank 3 is equipped with aeration mechanism 32 for the aeration, the sludge outlet department of sedimentation tank 3 is equipped with slush pump 33, the excrement and urine silt under the sediment is taken out through slush pump 33, can be used to make biological fermentation fertilizer etc..
The above-mentioned embodiments only represent some embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is specific and detailed, but not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, several variations and modifications can be made, which are within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a dirty ecological interception system of mountain forest breed excrement which characterized in that: the system is including interception irrigation canals and ditches (1), collect irrigation canals and ditches (2) and sedimentation tank (3), interception irrigation canals and ditches (1) have a plurality of, and interception irrigation canals and ditches (1) transversely set up in the domatic high department of difference on mountain forest ground, and every interception irrigation canals and ditches (1) top surface all covers has grid board (4), all sets up to the slope at the bottom of the canal of every interception irrigation canals and ditches (1), collect irrigation canals and ditches (2) along domatic vertical setting, and collect irrigation canals and ditches (2) in proper order with the slope nadir position intercommunication of each interception irrigation canals and ditches (1), sedimentation tank (3) are connected.
2. The ecological intercepting system of mountain forest culture manure according to claim 1, characterized in that: the system also comprises a plurality of flushing mechanisms (5) distributed on the slope surface of the mountain forest land.
3. The ecological intercepting system of mountain forest culture manure according to claim 2, characterized in that: the system still includes sewage treatment pond (6) and tank (7), sewage treatment pond (6) and sedimentation tank (3) intercommunication for accept and handle the upper sewage of sedimentation tank (3), tank (7) and sewage treatment pond (6) intercommunication for accept and store the clear water that obtains after handling, tank (7) are simultaneously through pipeline and each bath mechanism (5) intercommunication for provide the water source for bath mechanism (5).
4. The ecological intercepting system of mountain forest culture manure according to claim 3, characterized in that: a filler frame (61) is arranged in the sewage treatment tank (6), and biological fillers (62) are filled on the filler frame (61).
5. The ecological intercepting system of mountain forest culture manure according to claim 1 or 3, characterized in that: gather and be equipped with rubbing crusher structure (8) and filtering mechanism (9) on irrigation canals and ditches (2), rubbing crusher structure (8) are located filtering mechanism (9) upper reaches, and wherein rubbing crusher structure (8) are used for gathering the excrement that flows through in irrigation canals and ditches (2) and dirty smashing, and filtering mechanism (9) are arranged in straining the solid debris that mix in the excrement after smashing down.
6. The ecological intercepting system of mountain forest culture manure according to claim 5, characterized in that: rubbing crusher constructs (8) and includes riser (81), swash plate (82), impact plate (83) and jet (84), swash plate (82) and impact plate (83) have a plurality of pieces, and install in the same side of riser (81) swash plate (82) interval, and impact plate (83) are installed on riser (81) between adjacent swash plate (82), be equipped with a plurality of high pressure nozzle (85) on jet (84), high pressure nozzle (85) and impact plate (83) one-to-one, and each impact plate (83) of vertical alignment.
7. The ecological intercepting system of mountain forest culture manure according to claim 6, characterized in that: the impact plate (83) is made of high manganese steel material or chromium carbide material, and protrusions are formed on the surface of the impact plate (83).
8. The ecological intercepting system of mountain forest culture manure according to claim 1 or 3, characterized in that: the sedimentation tank is characterized in that a plurality of flow partition plates (31) are arranged in the sedimentation tank (3), the flow partition plates (31) are vertically arranged at intervals, a water channel is reserved between the bottom of each flow partition plate (31) and the bottom of the sedimentation tank, an aeration mechanism (32) is arranged at the bottom of the sedimentation tank (3), and a mud pump (33) is arranged at a sludge outlet of the sedimentation tank (3).
CN202022114858.4U 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Ecological intercepting system for breeding excrement in mountain forest Active CN212753693U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022114858.4U CN212753693U (en) 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Ecological intercepting system for breeding excrement in mountain forest

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022114858.4U CN212753693U (en) 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Ecological intercepting system for breeding excrement in mountain forest

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212753693U true CN212753693U (en) 2021-03-23

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CN202022114858.4U Active CN212753693U (en) 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Ecological intercepting system for breeding excrement in mountain forest

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN212753693U (en)

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