CN212528287U - Double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer - Google Patents

Double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212528287U
CN212528287U CN202021092576.2U CN202021092576U CN212528287U CN 212528287 U CN212528287 U CN 212528287U CN 202021092576 U CN202021092576 U CN 202021092576U CN 212528287 U CN212528287 U CN 212528287U
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China
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manipulator
silicon rod
sliding table
lathe bed
fixed
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CN202021092576.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金明来
周江辉
聂凤军
许博
刘丽娟
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Dalian Linton NC Machine Co Ltd
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Dalian Linton NC Machine Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer, which comprises a lathe bed extending leftwards and rightwards, wherein single silicon rod cutting systems are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the lathe bed, and a feeding system and a discharging system are arranged on the front side of the middle part of the lathe bed; a crystal wire detection system for detecting a crystal wire of the silicon rod is arranged on the rear side of the middle part of the lathe bed; the silicon rod grabbing mechanical arm system comprises a lathe bed, and is characterized in that a cross sliding table system is arranged in the middle of the lathe bed and comprises a lower sliding table system extending from front to back and an upper sliding table system extending from left to right, and a silicon rod grabbing mechanical arm system used for grabbing a silicon rod is installed on the upper sliding table system. The utility model discloses a crystal line detection device of two evolution machines sharing and a silicon rod snatch manipulator system, the cutting net of two evolution machines does not influence each other simultaneously.

Description

Double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a silicon rod processing technology field particularly is a two silicon stick buddha's warrior attendant line squarers.
Background
Most of the existing silicon rod squarers are horizontal single squarers, cooling water is not easy to flow into a cutting position, cutting accuracy is not good enough, and the wire breaking rate of diamond wire cutting is high, and a cutting wheel or a cutting roller close to one side of a lifting stand column is not easy to maintain due to the fact that a traditional cutting wire net is parallel to or perpendicular to the axis of a machine tool. And the flaw-piece grabbing of the traditional squaring machine is unstable. The existing double-rod squaring machine is also provided with two single-rod squaring machines, and each single-rod squaring machine is provided with a crystal wire detection device, a silicon rod grabbing manipulator system and other devices, so that the internal utilization rate is low and the cost is high. And current vertical two stick squaring machines adopt a cutting head to cut two silicon rods simultaneously, one set of coiling and uncoiling device, like this once have a gauze broken string, then can cause another gauze also can not work.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
According to the technical problem who proposes above-mentioned, the utility model discloses a crystal line detection device and a silicon rod of two evolution machines sharing snatch the manipulator system, and the cutting net of two evolution machines does not influence each other simultaneously.
The utility model discloses a technical means as follows:
the utility model provides a two silicon rod buddha's warrior attendant line squaring machines, includes the lathe bed of controlling extension, just the left and right sides symmetry of lathe bed is provided with single silicon rod cutting system, single silicon rod cutting system is including being close to revolving platform system at lathe bed middle part, setting are in revolving platform system top is used for cutting the buddha's warrior attendant line cutting system of silicon rod, setting are in be used for driving in the middle of the lathe bed tip diamond wire cutting system up-and-down motion's feed system, setting are in lathe bed tip front side is used for to give off the unwrapping wire to buddha's attendant line cutting system, setting are in lathe bed tip rear side is used for with the take-up system of retrieving the diamond wire in the diamond wire cutting system, setting are in diamond wire cutting system top is used for pressing from both sides the flaw-piece clamp of getting the remaining flaw-piece after the silicon rod cutting and presss from both sides the manipulator, sets up and is used for retrieving the flaw-piece recovery system of The rotary table system is provided with a crystal support for vertically fixing the silicon rod;
a feeding system and a discharging system are arranged on the front side of the middle part of the lathe bed; a crystal wire detection system for detecting a crystal wire of the silicon rod is arranged on the rear side of the middle part of the lathe bed; the silicon rod grabbing mechanical arm system comprises a lathe bed, and is characterized in that a cross sliding table system is arranged in the middle of the lathe bed and comprises a lower sliding table system extending from front to back and an upper sliding table system extending from left to right, and a silicon rod grabbing mechanical arm system used for grabbing a silicon rod is installed on the upper sliding table system.
Further, the feeding system and the discharging system respectively comprise a fixed frame, a silicon rod placing table which is arranged at the top of the fixed frame, is horizontally arranged and extends forwards and backwards, and a feeding cylinder which is vertically arranged in the fixed frame and is used for driving the silicon rod placing table to be changed from a horizontal state to a vertical state or from the vertical state to the horizontal state; the silicon rod placing table is hinged to the fixing frame at one end close to the lathe bed, the feeding air cylinder is arranged on one side, close to the lathe bed, of the fixing frame, the output end of the feeding air cylinder is hinged to the silicon rod placing table, and the top of the mounting end of the feeding air cylinder is hinged to the side wall of the fixing frame through a hinge seat.
Further, the diamond wire cutting system comprises a cutting head connected with the feeding system, a plurality of passing wheels arranged at the top of the cutting head and a plurality of cutting wheels arranged at the bottom of the cutting head, diamond wires are paid out from the pay-off system and pass through the plurality of passing wheels and the plurality of cutting wheels to form a cutting net, and then return to the take-up system, the orthographic projection of the cutting net on the lathe bed is square, and the included angle between the side of the square and the axis of the lathe bed is 45 degrees.
Furthermore, the lower sliding table system comprises two lower sliding rails which are horizontally arranged and extend forwards and backwards, a lower sliding table screw rod which extends forwards and backwards and a lower sliding table screw rod driving motor which drives the lower sliding table screw rod to move are arranged between the two lower sliding rails, the upper sliding table system comprises an upper sliding table which is connected with the lower sliding rails in a sliding way, the upper sliding table extends leftwards and rightwards, the output end of the lead screw of the lower sliding table is fixedly connected with the bottom of the upper sliding table, two upper sliding rails which are horizontally arranged and extend leftwards and rightwards are arranged on the upper sliding table, wherein one of the upper slide rails is provided with an upper slide rail rack, the bottom of the silicon rod grabbing manipulator system is connected with the upper slide rail in a sliding way, and a manipulator moving motor is installed at the bottom of the silicon rod grabbing manipulator system, and an upper sliding rail gear matched with the upper sliding rail rack is installed at the output end of the manipulator moving motor. The silicon rod grabbing mechanical arm system moves left and right under the action of the upper slide rail gear and the upper slide rail rack.
Further, the silicon rod grabbing manipulator system comprises a manipulator frame body, wherein clamping units are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the manipulator frame body;
the clamping unit comprises two vertical guide rails vertically fixed on the manipulator frame body, manipulator mounting frames which are in sliding connection with the vertical guide rails are respectively installed on the upper portion and the lower portion of each vertical guide rail, the bottom end of each connecting rod sequentially penetrates through the top end of the manipulator frame body and the manipulator mounting frame positioned on the upper portion and then is fixedly connected with the manipulator mounting frame positioned on the lower portion, the connecting rods are connected with the manipulator mounting frame positioned on the upper portion through clamping devices, the manipulator mounting frame positioned on the upper portion is fixedly connected with the output end of a manipulator driving lead screw vertically fixed in the manipulator frame body, and the input end of the manipulator driving lead screw is connected with a manipulator driving motor fixed on the top of the manipulator frame body through a speed; after the positions of the upper manipulator mounting frame and the lower manipulator mounting frame are adjusted, the two manipulator mounting frames are locked by the clamp, so that the two manipulator mounting frames are combined into an integrated synchronous structure, and then the whole up-and-down motion is realized under the action of the manipulator driving motor and the manipulator driving lead screw.
The manipulator mounting frame is provided with two horizontally arranged manipulator rails extending forwards and backwards, and the front side and the rear side of each manipulator rail are respectively provided with a manipulator; the manipulator comprises a mounting end and a silicon rod clamping jaw fixedly connected with the mounting end; a clamping motor is fixed in the middle of the manipulator mounting frame, and a clamping gear is mounted at the output end of the clamping motor; one of them installation end on the manipulator mounting bracket is in the top of pressing from both sides tight gear be equipped with press from both sides tight gear cooperation and the front and back upper portion rack that extends, another on the manipulator mounting bracket the installation end is in press from both sides the below of tight gear be equipped with press from both sides tight gear cooperation and the front and back lower part rack that extends. The manipulator can move towards the middle and both sides simultaneously under the action of the upper rack, the clamping gear and the lower rack.
Further, the middle part of the silicon rod clamping jaw is provided with a notch used for clamping a cylindrical silicon rod, the notch is in an orthographic projection on the lathe bed and is in an isosceles trapezoid shape, the lower bottom of the isosceles trapezoid shape is provided with an opening of the notch, and the end part of one end of the manipulator mounting frame, away from the silicon rod clamping jaw, is processed with a right-angle clamping groove used for clamping a cuboid silicon rod.
Further, the silicon rod grabbing manipulator system further comprises a rotating device arranged at the bottom of the manipulator support body, the rotating device comprises a rotating column, the rotating column is connected with an upper sliding table system, the top of the rotating column is connected with a rotating disc connected with the rotating column in a rotating mode, an annular rotating rack is fixed to the outer edge of the top of the rotating column, one end of the rotating disc is fixed with a rotating motor, a rotating gear matched with the rotating rack is installed on an output shaft of the rotating motor, and the bottom of the manipulator support body is fixedly connected with the rotating disc.
Furthermore, the flaw-piece clamping manipulator comprises a flaw-piece cylinder which is fixed on the conveying system and is vertically arranged, the output end of the flaw-piece cylinder is fixedly connected with a clamping jaw fixing frame which penetrates through the conveying system, the clamping jaw fixing frame is of a double-layer structure and comprises an upper layer and a lower layer, a clamping jaw cylinder is fixed in the upper layer, the output end of the clamping jaw cylinder penetrates through the upper layer and is fixedly connected with a limiting clamping groove which is arranged in the lower layer, a clamping head is fixed at the bottom end of the limiting clamping groove, the lower layer is provided with four side walls, the four side walls enclose a square, and the included angle between the side of the square and the axis of the lathe body is 45 degrees; a flaw-piece clamping jaw is fixed in the side wall, a clamping head is arranged between the flaw-piece clamping jaw and the limiting clamping groove, the clamping head comprises a horizontal section and a vertical section, the horizontal section is fixedly connected with the vertical section, the joint of the horizontal section and the vertical section is hinged with the clamping head, and one end, close to the limiting clamping groove, of the horizontal section is clamped in the limiting clamping groove; the clamping jaw air cylinder is lifted upwards, so that the horizontal section rotates around the joint, the vertical section is changed into an inclined state, the vertical section and the flaw-piece clamping jaw clamp the flaw-piece together, and then the flaw-piece is driven by the flaw-piece air cylinder to move up and down.
And a lifting device for driving the edge skin to lift upwards is arranged on the crystal support. And a lifting device for driving the edge skin to lift upwards is arranged on the crystal support. The lifting device can be a circular ring, and the bottom of the circular ring is provided with a plurality of driving cylinders. Because the top end of the edge skin and the top end of the silicon side are in the same plane in the silicon rod cutting process, a lifting device is needed to lift the edge skin upwards to enable the edge skin clamping jaw and the clamping head to clamp the edge skin.
Further, conveying system is including fixing carriage on the lathe bed, the top of carriage is provided with the delivery track, on the delivery track install with delivery track sliding connection's transport slip table, just the carriage is in one side of delivery track is fixed with the transport rack, be fixed with conveyor motor on the lateral wall of transport slip table, just install on conveyor motor's the output with transport rack matched with carries the gear, install on the transport slip table the manipulator is got to the skin clamp. The conveying gear rotates to drive the flaw-piece clamping manipulator to move.
Further, the flaw-piece recovery system comprises a recovery platform and a recovery device fixed between the recovery platform and the lathe bed;
the recycling device comprises a recycling support, a displacement mechanism is fixed at the top end of the recycling support, the displacement mechanism comprises a lower recycling sliding table and an upper recycling sliding table which is arranged on the lower recycling sliding table and used for conveying the flaw-pieces, the lower recycling sliding table is connected with the recycling support in a sliding mode through a lower recycling guide rail fixed at the top end of the recycling support, and a recycling cylinder for driving the lower recycling sliding table to move along the lower recycling guide rail is fixed at the top end of the recycling support;
a lower recovery rack is fixed in the middle of the side wall of the lower recovery sliding table; a movable cylinder is fixed in the middle of the side wall of the lower recovery sliding table, a rotating gear matched with the lower recovery rack is installed at the output end of the movable cylinder, and the rotating gear is arranged above the lower recovery rack;
go up retrieve the slip table through setting up retrieve the slip table top down and with retrieve the parallel last recovery guide rail of guide rail down with retrieve slip table sliding connection down, on retrieve the lateral wall of slip table install with rotating gear matched with last retrieve the rack, just go up retrieve the rack setting and be in rotating gear's top. The stroke distance of the upper recovery sliding table can be increased under the action of the upper recovery sliding table, the lower recovery sliding table, the upper recovery rack, the recovery gear and the lower recovery rack, so that the occupied area is small.
Further, the rotary table system comprises a rotary table which is rotatably connected with the lathe bed and a rotary table driving motor which drives the rotary table to rotate.
Further, the feeding system comprises a stand column fixedly connected with the lathe bed, a cutting head mounting frame is installed on one side, close to the rotary table system, of the stand column, the cutting head is fixedly connected with the cutting head mounting frame, the cutting head mounting frame is fixedly connected with an output end of a feeding screw fixed on the stand column, and an input end of the feeding screw is connected with a feeding motor fixed at the top of the stand column through a feeding speed reducer.
In the use state: a silicon rod is horizontally placed on a feeding system, then the feeding cylinder works to drive the silicon rod placing table to be changed from a horizontal state to a vertical state, a silicon rod grabbing mechanical hand grabs the silicon rod under the driving of a cross sliding table, the processed silicon rod is placed in a blanking system on the other side of the cross sliding table, then the silicon rod is placed on a crystal wire detection system to detect a crystal wire of the silicon rod, after the silicon rod detection is finished, a rotating device at the bottom of the silicon rod grabbing mechanical hand rotates by 90 degrees to enable the silicon rod to be opposite to the rotating table system, the silicon rod grabbing mechanical hand places the silicon rod on a crystal support on the rotating table system to be fixed, then the rotating table system rotates by 180 degrees to start a working position, the silicon rod is cut under the action of a diamond wire cutting system and a feeding system, the silicon rod with a circular cross section is cut into a silicon square cross section, and the diamond wire stops, the surplus flaw-piece of cutting lifts up one section distance with the flaw-piece through lifting up the device, and then the clamping jaw cylinder in the manipulator is got to the flaw-piece clamp upwards lifts up, and the dop takes place to rotate under the effect of spacing draw-in groove this moment, and its vertical section supports on the inner wall of flaw-piece, and the outer wall of flaw-piece supports on the flaw-piece clamping jaw, and then the manipulator is got to the flaw-piece clamp all to clip four flaw-pieces, and later the ascending lifting of flaw-piece cylinder is grabbed the flaw-piece in the flaw-piece recovery system is retrieved to the flaw-piece under conveying system's the effect. The recycling device in the flaw-piece recycling system conveys the flaw-pieces to a recycling platform. Then the rotary table system rotates 180 degrees, the cut silicon is rotated to the position right opposite to the silicon rod grabbing mechanical arm, the silicon rod grabbing mechanical arm conveys the silicon to the discharging system under the action of the cross sliding table system, and then the discharging system falls down to be in a horizontal state, so that the action cycle is completed.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages of it is following:
1. the utility model discloses a vertical evolution of silicon rod, the cutting position is easily flowed in to the cooling water, and cutting accuracy is good, and the broken string rate is low.
2. The included angle between the cutting wire net and the axis of the lathe body is 45 degrees, so that the cutting head is easy to maintain and convenient to replace wires.
3. The flaw-piece is more stable to grab and transport.
4. The working efficiency is equal to two single silicon rod squarers, but the cost is eighty percent of two.
5. The silicon rod snatchs the manipulator system and can realize carrying out the unloading when the material loading, has increased work efficiency.
Based on the reason, the utility model discloses can extensively promote in fields such as silicon rod cutting.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings required to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art are briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without inventive labor.
Fig. 1 is a main view of a double silicon rod diamond wire squarer according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion B in fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of the portion C in fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a top view of a diamond wire squarer with double silicon rods according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a cross sliding table system in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a structural schematic diagram of a silicon rod grabbing manipulator system in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a top view of a silicon rod grabbing manipulator system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a side view of a silicon rod grabbing manipulator system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a feeding device in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a side view of the flaw-piece recovery device according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is an enlarged view of a portion D in fig. 11.
Fig. 13 is an orthographic view of the cutting net on the bed.
In the figure:
1. a bed body;
2. a feeding system; 201. a fixed mount; 202. a silicon rod placing table; 203. a feeding cylinder;
3. a blanking system;
4. a wafer line detection system;
5. a turntable system; 501. crystal support; 502. a lifting device; 503. a turntable; 504. a turntable drive motor;
6. a cross slide system; 601. a lower slide rail; 602. a lower sliding table screw; 603. a lower sliding table lead screw driving motor; 604. an upper sliding table; 605. an upper slide rail; 606. an upper slide rail rack; 607. a manipulator moving motor; 608. an upper slide rail gear;
7. a silicon rod grabbing manipulator system; 701. a manipulator frame body; 702. a vertical guide rail; 703. a manipulator mounting rack; 704. a connecting rod; 705. a clamp; 706. the mechanical arm drives a lead screw; 707. a speed reducer; 708. a manipulator drive motor; 709. a manipulator track; 710. an installation end; 711. silicon rod clamping jaws; 712. clamping the motor; 713. clamping the gear; 714. an upper rack; 715. a lower rack; 716. A notch; 717. a right-angle clamp groove; 718. a rotary column; 719. a rotary disk; 720. a rotating rack; 721. A rotary motor; 722. a rotary gear;
8. a diamond wire cutting system; 801. a cutting head; 802. passing a wheel; 803. a cutting wheel; 804. a diamond wire; 805. cutting the net;
9. a feed system; 901. a column; 902. a cutting head mounting bracket; 903. a feed screw; 904. a feed motor; 905. a feed decelerator;
10. a pay-off system;
11. a take-up system;
12. a flaw-piece clamping manipulator; 121. a flaw-piece cylinder; 122. a clamping jaw fixing frame; 123. a clamping jaw cylinder; 124. a limiting clamping groove; 125 a clamping head; 126. a flaw-piece clamping jaw; 127. clamping a head;
13. a flaw-piece recovery system; 1301. a recovery stage; 1302. recovering the bracket; 1303. a lower recovery sliding table; 1304. a recovery sliding table is arranged; 1305. a lower recovery guide rail; 1306. a recovery cylinder; 1307. a lower recovery rack; 1308. a moving cylinder; 1309. a rotating gear; 1310. an upper recovery guide rail; 1311. an upper recovery rack;
14. a delivery system; 141. a carriage; 142. a conveying track; 143. a conveying sliding table; 144. a conveyor rack; 145. a conveying motor; 146. a conveying gear.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that, in the present invention, the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict. The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with embodiments.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. The following description of at least one exemplary embodiment is merely illustrative in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of example embodiments in accordance with the invention. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
Unless specifically stated otherwise, the relative arrangement of the components and steps, the numerical expressions, and numerical values set forth in these embodiments do not limit the scope of the present invention. Meanwhile, it should be understood that the sizes of the respective portions shown in the drawings are not drawn in an actual proportional relationship for the convenience of description. Techniques, methods, and apparatus known to those of ordinary skill in the relevant art may not be discussed in detail but are intended to be part of the specification where appropriate. Any specific values in all examples shown and discussed herein are to be construed as exemplary only and not as limiting. Thus, other examples of the exemplary embodiments may have different values. It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, further discussion thereof is not required in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the orientation or positional relationship indicated by the orientation words such as "front, back, up, down, left, right", "horizontal, vertical, horizontal" and "top, bottom", etc. are usually based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and in the case of not making a contrary explanation, these orientation words do not indicate and imply that the device or element in question must have a specific orientation or be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and therefore should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention: the terms "inner and outer" refer to the inner and outer relative to the profile of the respective component itself.
Spatially relative terms, such as "above … …," "above … …," "above … …," "above," and the like, may be used herein for ease of description to describe one device or feature's spatial relationship to another device or feature as illustrated in the figures. It will be understood that the spatially relative terms are intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if a device in the figures is turned over, devices described as "above" or "on" other devices or configurations would then be oriented "below" or "under" the other devices or configurations. Thus, the exemplary term "above … …" can include both an orientation of "above … …" and "below … …". The device may be otherwise variously oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.
It should be noted that the terms "first", "second", and the like are used to define the components, and are only used for convenience of distinguishing the corresponding components, and if not stated otherwise, the terms have no special meaning, and therefore, the scope of the present invention should not be construed as being limited.
As shown in fig. 1 to 13, a double silicon rod diamond wire squarer comprises a bed body 1 extending left and right, wherein single silicon rod cutting systems are symmetrically arranged on the left and right sides of the bed body 1, each single silicon rod cutting system comprises a rotary table system 5 close to the middle of the bed body 1, a diamond wire cutting system 8 arranged above the rotary table system 5 and used for cutting a silicon rod, a feeding system 9 arranged in the middle of the end of the bed body 1 and used for driving the diamond wire cutting system 8 to move up and down, a pay-off system 10 arranged on the front side of the end of the bed body 1 and used for paying off diamond wires to the diamond wire cutting system 8, a take-up system 11 arranged on the rear side of the end of the bed body 1 and used for taking back the diamond wires in the diamond wire cutting system 8, a flaw-piece clamping manipulator 12 arranged above the diamond wire cutting system 8 and used for clamping the remaining flaw-pieces after cutting the silicon rod, A flaw-piece recovery system 13 arranged at the front side of the diamond wire cutting system 8 and used for recovering the flaw-piece, and a conveying system 14 arranged between the flaw-piece clamping manipulator 12 and the flaw-piece recovery system 13, wherein a crystal support 501 for vertically fixing a silicon rod is arranged on the rotary table system 5; a feeding system 2 and a discharging system 3 are arranged on the front side of the middle part of the lathe bed 1; a crystal line detection system 4 for detecting a crystal line of the silicon rod is arranged on the rear side of the middle part of the lathe bed 1; the middle part of lathe bed 1 is equipped with cross slip table system 6, cross slip table system 6 is including the last slip table system that extends around with the lower slip table system that extends about, it snatchs manipulator system 7 to install the silicon rod that is used for snatching the silicon rod on the slip table system to go up.
The feeding system 2 and the discharging system 3 both comprise a fixed frame 201, a silicon rod placing table 202 which is arranged at the top of the fixed frame 201, is horizontally arranged and extends forwards and backwards, and a feeding cylinder 203 which is vertically arranged in the fixed frame 201 and is used for driving the silicon rod placing table 202 to be changed from a horizontal state to a vertical state or from the vertical state to the horizontal state; one end, close to the lathe bed 1, of the silicon rod placing table 202 is hinged to the fixing frame 201, the feeding cylinder 203 is arranged on one side, close to the lathe bed 1, of the fixing frame 201, the output end of the feeding cylinder 203 is hinged to the silicon rod placing table 202, and the top of the mounting end of the feeding cylinder 203 is hinged to the side wall of the fixing frame 201 through a hinge seat;
the diamond wire cutting system 8 comprises a cutting head 801 connected with the feeding system 9, a plurality of intermediate wheels 802 arranged at the top of the cutting head 801, and a plurality of cutting wheels 803 arranged at the bottom of the cutting head 801, wherein a diamond wire 804 is paid out from the paying-off system 10, passes through the plurality of intermediate wheels 802 and the plurality of cutting wheels 803 to form a cutting net 805, and then returns to the take-up system 11, the orthographic projection of the cutting net 805 on the bed 1 is square, and the side of the square forms an angle of 45 degrees with the axis of the bed 1.
Further, conveying system 14 is including fixing carriage 141 on the lathe bed, the top of carriage 141 is provided with delivery track 142, install on delivery track 142 with delivery track 142 sliding connection's transport slip table 143, the top of carriage 141 is in one side of delivery track 142 is fixed with conveying rack 144, conveying slip table 143's lateral wall is fixed with conveying motor 145, just install on conveying motor 145's the output with conveying rack 144 matched with delivery gear 146, install on the delivery slip table 143 the manipulator 12 is got to the flaw-piece clamp.
The flaw-piece clamping manipulator 12 comprises a flaw-piece cylinder 121 which is fixed on the conveying sliding table 143 and is vertically arranged, the output end of the flaw-piece cylinder 121 is fixedly connected with a clamping jaw fixing frame 122 which penetrates through the conveying sliding table 143, the clamping jaw fixing frame 122 is of a double-layer structure and comprises an upper layer and a lower layer, a clamping jaw cylinder 123 is fixed in the upper layer, the output end of the clamping jaw cylinder 123 penetrates through the upper layer and is fixedly connected with a limiting clamping groove 124 arranged in the lower layer, a clamping head 125 is fixed at the bottom end of the limiting clamping groove 124, the lower layer is provided with four side walls, the four side walls enclose a square, and the included angle between the side of the square and the axis of the lathe bed 1 is 45 degrees; a side clamping jaw 126 is fixed in the side wall, a clamping head 127 is arranged between the side clamping jaw 126 and the limiting clamping groove 124, the clamping head 127 comprises a horizontal section and a vertical section, the horizontal section is fixedly connected with the vertical section, the joint of the horizontal section and the vertical section is hinged with the clamping head 125, and one end of the horizontal section, which is close to the limiting clamping groove 124, is clamped in the limiting clamping groove 124; the horizontal section rotates around the joint by upward lifting of the clamping jaw cylinder 123, so that the vertical section is changed into an inclined state, the vertical section and the flaw-piece clamping jaw 126 clamp the flaw-piece together, and then the flaw-piece is driven by the flaw-piece cylinder 121 to move up and down.
The crystal support 501 is provided with a lifting device 502 for driving the edge skin to lift upwards. The lifting device 502 may be a circular ring, and the bottom of the circular ring is provided with a plurality of driving cylinders. Since the tip of the edge strip is in the same plane as the tip of the silicon during the cutting of the silicon rod, a lifting device 502 is required to lift the edge strip upward to allow the edge strip clamping jaws 126 and the chucks 127 to clamp the edge strip.
Further, the lower sliding table system comprises two lower sliding rails 601 which are horizontally arranged and extend forwards and backwards, a lower sliding table lead screw 602 extending back and forth and a lower sliding table lead screw driving motor 603 driving the lower sliding table lead screw 602 to move are arranged between the two lower sliding rails 601, the upper slide system comprises an upper slide 604 slidably connected to the lower slide 601, the upper sliding table 604 extends left and right, the output end of the lower sliding table lead screw 602 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the upper sliding table 604, two upper sliding rails 605 which are horizontally arranged and extend left and right are arranged on the upper sliding table 604, an upper slide rail rack 606 is mounted on one of the upper slide rails 605, the bottom of the silicon rod grabbing manipulator system 7 is connected with the upper slide rail 605 in a sliding manner, and a manipulator moving motor 607 is installed at the bottom of the silicon rod grabbing manipulator system 7, and an upper sliding rail gear 608 matched with the upper sliding rail rack 606 is installed on the output end of the manipulator moving motor 607.
Further, the silicon rod grabbing manipulator system 7 comprises a manipulator frame body 701, and clamping units are respectively mounted on the left side and the right side of the manipulator frame body 701;
the clamping unit comprises two vertical guide rails 702 vertically fixed on the manipulator frame body 701, manipulator mounting frames 703 connected with the vertical guide rails 702 in a sliding manner are respectively installed on the upper portion and the lower portion of the vertical guide rails 702, the bottom ends of connecting rods 704 sequentially penetrate through the top end of the manipulator frame body 701 and the manipulator mounting frames 703 located on the upper portion and are fixedly connected with the manipulator mounting frames 703 located on the lower portion, the connecting rods 704 are connected with the manipulator mounting frames 703 located on the upper portion through clamping devices 705, the manipulator mounting frames 703 located on the upper portion are fixedly connected with the output ends of manipulator driving lead screws 706 vertically fixed in the manipulator frame body 701, and the input ends of the manipulator driving lead screws 706 are connected with manipulator driving motors 708 fixed on the top of the manipulator frame body 701 through speed reducers 707.
Two horizontally arranged manipulator rails 709 extending forwards and backwards are arranged on the manipulator mounting rack 703, and manipulators are respectively mounted on the front side and the rear side of the manipulator rails 709; the manipulator comprises a mounting end 710 and a silicon rod clamping jaw 711 fixedly connected with the mounting end 710;
a clamping motor 712 is fixed in the middle of the manipulator mounting rack 703, and a clamping gear 713 is mounted at the output end of the clamping motor 712;
one of the mounting ends 710 of the robot mounting block 703 is provided with an upper rack 714 which is engaged with the clamping gear 713 and extends forward and backward above the clamping gear 713, and the other mounting end 710 of the robot mounting block 703 is provided with a lower rack 715 which is engaged with the clamping gear 713 and extends forward and backward below the clamping gear 713.
Further, the middle part of the silicon rod clamping jaw 711 is provided with a notch 716 for clamping a cylindrical silicon rod, the orthographic projection of the notch 716 on the lathe bed is in an isosceles trapezoid shape, the lower bottom of the isosceles trapezoid shape is an opening of the notch 716, and a right-angle clamping groove 717 for clamping a cuboid silicon rod is processed at the end part of one end, away from the manipulator mounting rack 703, of the silicon rod clamping jaw 711.
Further, a rotating device is installed at the bottom of the manipulator frame body 703, the rotating device comprises a rotating column 718, the rotating column 718 is connected with the upper sliding table system, a rotating disc 719 rotatably connected with the rotating column 718 is connected to the top of the rotating column 718, an annular rotating rack 720 is fixed to the outer edge of the top of the rotating column 718, a rotating motor 721 is fixed to one end of the rotating disc 719, a rotating gear 722 matched with the rotating rack 720 is installed on an output shaft of the rotating motor 721, and the bottom of the manipulator frame body 701 is fixedly connected with the rotating disc 719.
Further, the turntable system 5 includes a turntable 503 rotatably connected to the bed 1 and a turntable driving motor 504 for driving the turntable 503 to rotate.
Further, the feeding system 9 includes a column 901 fixedly connected to the bed 1, a cutting head mounting bracket 902 is installed on one side of the column 901 close to the turntable system 5, the cutting head 801 is fixedly connected to the cutting head mounting bracket 902, the cutting head mounting bracket 902 is fixedly connected to an output end of a feed screw 903 fixed to the column 901, and an input end of the feed screw 903 is connected to a feed motor 904 fixed to the top of the column 901 through a feed reducer 905.
Further, the flaw-piece recovery system 13 comprises a recovery platform 1301 and a recovery device fixed between the recovery platform 1301 and the lathe bed 1;
the recovery device comprises a recovery support 1302, a displacement mechanism is fixed at the top end of the recovery support 1302, the displacement mechanism comprises a lower recovery sliding table 1303 and an upper recovery sliding table 1304 arranged on the lower recovery sliding table 1303 and used for conveying the flaw-pieces, the lower recovery sliding table 1303 is slidably connected with the recovery support 1302 through a lower recovery guide 1305 fixed at the top end of the recovery support 1302, and a recovery air cylinder 1306 for driving the lower recovery sliding table 1303 to move along the lower recovery guide 1305 is fixed at the top end of the recovery support 1302;
a lower recovery rack 1307 is fixed in the middle of the side wall of the lower recovery sliding table 1303; a movable air cylinder 1308 is fixed in the middle of the side wall of the lower recovery sliding table 1303, a rotating gear 1309 matched with the lower recovery rack 1307 is installed at the output end of the movable air cylinder 1308, and the rotating gear 1309 is arranged above the lower recovery rack 1307;
the upper recovery sliding table 1304 is slidably connected with the lower recovery sliding table 1303 through an upper recovery guide 1310 which is arranged on the top of the lower recovery sliding table 1303 and is parallel to the lower recovery guide 1305, an upper recovery rack 1311 which is matched with the rotating gear 1309 is installed on the side wall of the upper recovery sliding table 1304, and the upper recovery rack 1311 is arranged above the rotating gear 1309.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a two silicon rod buddha's warrior attendant line squaring machines, includes the lathe bed of controlling extension, just the left and right sides symmetry of lathe bed is provided with single silicon rod cutting system, single silicon rod cutting system is including being close to revolving platform system at lathe bed middle part, setting are in revolving platform system top is used for cutting the buddha's warrior attendant line cutting system of silicon rod, setting are in be used for driving in the middle of the lathe bed tip diamond wire cutting system up-and-down motion's feed system, setting are in lathe bed tip front side is used for to give off the unwrapping wire to buddha's attendant line cutting system, setting are in lathe bed tip rear side is used for with the take-up system of retrieving the diamond wire in the diamond wire cutting system, setting are in diamond wire cutting system top is used for pressing from both sides the flaw-piece clamp of getting the remaining flaw-piece after the silicon rod cutting and presss from both sides the manipulator, sets up and is used for retrieving the flaw-piece recovery system Conveying system between the system, install the brilliant support of vertical fixed silicon rod on the revolving platform system, its characterized in that:
a feeding system and a discharging system are arranged on the front side of the middle part of the lathe bed; a crystal wire detection system for detecting a crystal wire of the silicon rod is arranged on the rear side of the middle part of the lathe bed; the silicon rod grabbing mechanical arm system comprises a lathe bed, and is characterized in that a cross sliding table system is arranged in the middle of the lathe bed and comprises a lower sliding table system extending from front to back and an upper sliding table system extending from left to right, and a silicon rod grabbing mechanical arm system used for grabbing a silicon rod is installed on the upper sliding table system.
2. The double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer according to claim 1, wherein the feeding system and the blanking system each comprise a fixed frame, a silicon rod placing table arranged on top of the fixed frame and horizontally arranged and extending back and forth, and a feeding cylinder vertically arranged in the fixed frame and used for driving the silicon rod placing table to change from a horizontal state to a vertical state or from a vertical state to a horizontal state; the silicon rod placing table is hinged to the fixing frame at one end close to the lathe bed, the feeding air cylinder is arranged on one side, close to the lathe bed, of the fixing frame, the output end of the feeding air cylinder is hinged to the silicon rod placing table, and the top of the mounting end of the feeding air cylinder is hinged to the side wall of the fixing frame through a hinge seat.
3. The diamond wire squarer of claim 1, wherein the diamond wire cutting system comprises a cutting head connected with the feeding system, a plurality of through wheels arranged at the top of the cutting head and a plurality of cutting wheels arranged at the bottom of the cutting head, the diamond wire is discharged from the wire releasing system and passes through the plurality of through wheels and the plurality of cutting wheels to form a cutting net, and then returns to the wire collecting system, the orthographic projection of the cutting net on the lathe bed is square, and the side of the square forms an angle of 45 degrees with the axis of the lathe bed.
4. The double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower sliding table system comprises two lower sliding rails which are horizontally arranged and extend front and back, and two lower sliding table screws which extend front and back and drive are arranged between the lower sliding rails, a lower sliding table screw drive motor which moves the lower sliding table screws, the upper sliding table system comprises an upper sliding table which is connected with the lower sliding rails in a sliding manner, the upper sliding table extends left and right, the output end of the lower sliding table screws is fixedly connected with the bottom of the upper sliding table, the upper sliding table is provided with two upper sliding rails which are horizontally arranged and extend left and right, one of the upper sliding rails is provided with an upper sliding rail rack, the silicon rod grabs the bottom of the mechanical arm system and is connected with the upper sliding rail in a sliding manner, the bottom of the silicon rod grabbing mechanical arm system is provided with a mechanical arm moving motor, and the output end of the mechanical arm moving motor is provided with an upper sliding rail.
5. The double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer according to claim 1, wherein the silicon rod grabbing manipulator system comprises a manipulator frame body, and clamping units are respectively mounted on the left side and the right side of the manipulator frame body;
the clamping unit comprises two vertical guide rails vertically fixed on the manipulator frame body, manipulator mounting frames which are in sliding connection with the vertical guide rails are respectively installed on the upper portion and the lower portion of each vertical guide rail, the bottom end of each connecting rod sequentially penetrates through the top end of the manipulator frame body and the manipulator mounting frame positioned on the upper portion and then is fixedly connected with the manipulator mounting frame positioned on the lower portion, the connecting rods are connected with the manipulator mounting frame positioned on the upper portion through clamping devices, the manipulator mounting frame positioned on the upper portion is fixedly connected with the output end of a manipulator driving lead screw vertically fixed in the manipulator frame body, and the input end of the manipulator driving lead screw is connected with a manipulator driving motor fixed on the top of the manipulator frame body through a speed; the manipulator mounting frame is provided with two horizontally arranged manipulator rails extending forwards and backwards, and the front side and the rear side of each manipulator rail are respectively provided with a manipulator; the manipulator comprises a mounting end and a silicon rod clamping jaw fixedly connected with the mounting end; a clamping motor is fixed in the middle of the manipulator mounting frame, and a clamping gear is mounted at the output end of the clamping motor; one of them installation end on the manipulator mounting bracket is in the top of pressing from both sides tight gear be equipped with press from both sides tight gear cooperation and the front and back upper portion rack that extends, another on the manipulator mounting bracket the installation end is in press from both sides the below of tight gear be equipped with press from both sides tight gear cooperation and the front and back lower part rack that extends.
6. The machine of claim 5, wherein the middle part of the silicon rod clamping jaw is provided with a notch for clamping a cylindrical silicon rod, the orthographic projection of the notch on the machine body is isosceles trapezoid, the lower bottom of the isosceles trapezoid is an opening of the notch, and the end part of one end of the silicon rod clamping jaw, which is far away from the manipulator mounting frame, is provided with a right-angle clamping groove for clamping a cuboid silicon rod.
7. The double-silicon-rod diamond wire squaring machine according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the silicon rod grabbing manipulator system further comprises a rotating device arranged at the bottom of the manipulator frame body, the rotating device comprises a rotating column, the rotating column is connected with the upper sliding table system, a rotating disc rotatably connected with the rotating column is connected to the top of the rotating column, an annular rotating rack is fixed to the outer edge of the top of the rotating column, a rotating motor is fixed to one end of the rotating disc, a rotating gear matched with the rotating rack is installed on an output shaft of the rotating motor, and the bottom of the manipulator frame body is fixedly connected with the rotating disc.
8. The double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer according to claim 1, wherein the flaw-piece clamping manipulator comprises a flaw-piece cylinder which is fixed on the conveying system and is vertically arranged, the output end of the flaw-piece cylinder is fixedly connected with a clamping jaw fixing frame which penetrates through the conveying system, the clamping jaw fixing frame has a double-layer structure and comprises an upper layer and a lower layer, a clamping jaw cylinder is fixed in the upper layer, the output end of the clamping jaw cylinder penetrates through the upper layer and is fixedly connected with a limiting clamping groove which is arranged in the lower layer, a clamping head is fixed at the bottom end of the limiting clamping groove, the lower layer is provided with four side walls, the four side walls enclose a square, and the included angle between the side of the square and the axis of the lathe bed is 45 degrees; a flaw-piece clamping jaw is fixed in the side wall, a clamping head is arranged between the flaw-piece clamping jaw and the limiting clamping groove, the clamping head comprises a horizontal section and a vertical section, the horizontal section is fixedly connected with the vertical section, the joint of the horizontal section and the vertical section is hinged with the clamping head, and one end, close to the limiting clamping groove, of the horizontal section is clamped in the limiting clamping groove;
and a lifting device for driving the edge skin to lift upwards is arranged on the crystal support.
9. The double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer according to claim 1, wherein the conveying system comprises a conveying frame fixed on the lathe bed, a conveying rail is arranged at the top end of the conveying frame, a conveying sliding table connected with the conveying rail in a sliding mode is installed on the conveying rail, a conveying rack is fixed on one side of the conveying rail, a conveying motor is fixed on the side wall of the conveying sliding table, a conveying gear matched with the conveying rack is installed at the output end of the conveying motor, and a manipulator is clamped by the flaw-piece clamp installed on the conveying sliding table.
10. The double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer according to claim 1, wherein the flaw-piece recovery system comprises a recovery table and a recovery device fixed between the recovery table and the lathe bed;
the recycling device comprises a recycling support, a displacement mechanism is fixed at the top end of the recycling support, the displacement mechanism comprises a lower recycling sliding table and an upper recycling sliding table which is arranged on the lower recycling sliding table and used for conveying the flaw-pieces, the lower recycling sliding table is connected with the recycling support in a sliding mode through a lower recycling guide rail fixed at the top end of the recycling support, and a recycling cylinder for driving the lower recycling sliding table to move along the lower recycling guide rail is fixed at the top end of the recycling support;
a lower recovery rack is fixed in the middle of the side wall of the lower recovery sliding table; a movable cylinder is fixed in the middle of the side wall of the lower recovery sliding table, a rotating gear matched with the lower recovery rack is installed at the output end of the movable cylinder, and the rotating gear is arranged above the lower recovery rack;
go up retrieve the slip table through setting up retrieve the slip table top down and with retrieve the parallel last recovery guide rail of guide rail down with retrieve slip table sliding connection down, on retrieve the lateral wall of slip table install with rotating gear matched with last retrieve the rack, just go up retrieve the rack setting and be in rotating gear's top.
CN202021092576.2U 2020-06-12 2020-06-12 Double-silicon-rod diamond wire squarer Active CN212528287U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN212528287U true CN212528287U (en) 2021-02-12

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113134918A (en) * 2021-04-21 2021-07-20 曲靖阳光能源硅材料有限公司 Novel monocrystalline silicon double-rod double-station squaring machine
CN116373144A (en) * 2023-06-05 2023-07-04 苏州晨晖智能设备有限公司 Single crystal bar wire squaring device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113134918A (en) * 2021-04-21 2021-07-20 曲靖阳光能源硅材料有限公司 Novel monocrystalline silicon double-rod double-station squaring machine
CN116373144A (en) * 2023-06-05 2023-07-04 苏州晨晖智能设备有限公司 Single crystal bar wire squaring device
CN116373144B (en) * 2023-06-05 2023-08-18 苏州晨晖智能设备有限公司 Single crystal bar wire squaring device

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