CN212388355U - Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridge - Google Patents

Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridge Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212388355U
CN212388355U CN202020910762.6U CN202020910762U CN212388355U CN 212388355 U CN212388355 U CN 212388355U CN 202020910762 U CN202020910762 U CN 202020910762U CN 212388355 U CN212388355 U CN 212388355U
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bridge deck
steel
bridge
layer
deck
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CN202020910762.6U
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张忠伟
关清杰
刘严
邱连冬
李文超
耿文睿
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China Northeast Municipal Engineering Design & Research Institute Co ltd
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China Northeast Municipal Engineering Design & Research Institute Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a bridge deck structure of a steel truss bridge, which comprises a bridge deck structure body and a truss structure used for supporting the bridge deck structure body; the truss structure comprises main bridge lower chords arranged in parallel and cross beams connected among the main bridge lower chords at preset intervals; the bridge deck structure body comprises a steel bridge deck plate layer, an epoxy mortar pouring layer and floor tiles laid above the epoxy mortar pouring layer, wherein the steel bridge deck plate layer is fixed on the cross beam in an overlapping mode; the steel bridge deck slab layer comprises a bridge deck slab body and a first stiffening plate welded to the bridge deck slab body, and expansion joints are reserved between the adjacent steel bridge deck slab layers which are lapped on the same cross beam. The utility model provides a bridge floor structure life-span extension of steel truss bridge has reduced the construction degree of difficulty simultaneously and has solved the inconvenient problem of construction.

Description

Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridge
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an engineering bridge design technical field, in particular to bridge floor structure of steel truss bridge.
Background
At present, the bridge deck structure and pavement of the steel truss bridge are an important problem facing the world. The forms adopted in the united states, japan, germany, etc. are also different. For the bridge built at the present stage, the problems of fatigue failure, poor rigidity of the bridge deck, poor durability and the like generally exist, the condition of crack failure also occurs frequently, and the commonly used bridge deck pavement materials at the present stage mainly have three forms of epoxy asphalt mixture, pouring asphalt concrete and modified asphalt SMA. The bridge deck structure of the steel truss bridge mainly adopts three structural forms of steel bridge deck slab plus bridge deck pavement, reinforced concrete or prestressed concrete plus bridge deck pavement and steel-concrete combined bridge deck slab plus bridge deck pavement.
The steel bridge deck and the bridge deck are paved, so that the overall rigidity is low, the bridge deck is easy to deform, and fatigue and overall or local buckling are easy to occur too early. The whole rigidity of the reinforced concrete or prestressed concrete plus bridge deck pavement is larger, but the bridge deck structure is thicker and the weight of the bridge deck is larger because the concrete or prestressed concrete is stressed. Meanwhile, the pedestrian overpass is mainly arranged on an urban road, when concrete is poured, a template needs to be erected, the road surface needs to be occupied when a support is arranged to influence traffic, and the construction period is long, so that the pedestrian overpass is not suitable for the urban road.
The scheme of steel-concrete composite bridge deck slab and bridge deck pavement is more in style, but steel plate stiffening ribs of the composite bridge deck slab need to be welded with chords of a truss, the length of a main beam is longer, so that the stress of a steel plate is influenced due to the effects of shrinkage and creep of concrete and the like of a bridge deck structure, and the concrete is easy to crack after a long time. And due to the bridge span, in a bridge with a large span, the change of temperature can also affect the bridge deck structure, so that the damage is generated.
Therefore, how to optimize the bridge deck structure, prolong the service life and solve the problem of inconvenient construction becomes a technical problem to be solved by the technical personnel in the field.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a bridge deck structure of steel truss bridge, this bridge deck structure make the extension of bridge floor life solve the inconvenient problem of construction simultaneously.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model provides a bridge deck structure of a steel truss bridge, which comprises a bridge deck structure body and a truss structure used for supporting the bridge deck structure body; the truss structure comprises main bridge lower chords arranged in parallel and cross beams connected among the main bridge lower chords at preset intervals;
the bridge deck structure body comprises a steel bridge deck plate layer, an epoxy mortar pouring layer and floor tiles laid above the epoxy mortar pouring layer, wherein the steel bridge deck plate layer is fixed on the cross beam in an overlapping mode;
the steel bridge deck slab layer comprises a bridge deck slab body and a first stiffening plate welded to the bridge deck slab body, and expansion joints are reserved between the adjacent steel bridge deck slab layers which are lapped on the same cross beam.
Optionally, the expansion joint is filled with a first asphalt caulking paste layer.
Optionally, the first stiffening plate and the bridge deck body are arranged in equal length, and the two ends of the bridge deck body are provided with bent covering edges for covering the first stiffening plate.
Optionally, the cross beam is made of i-shaped steel, second stiffening plates are arranged in notches at two sides of the i-shaped steel, and the second stiffening plates are perpendicular to the length direction of the cross beam.
Optionally, the steel bridge deck layer is connected with the cross beam through an anchor bolt, and the bolt hole which is arranged on the steel bridge deck layer and/or on the cross beam and matched with the anchor bolt is a long round hole.
Optionally, a second layer of asphalt caulk is laid between the top of the cross beam and the layer of steel bridge deck.
Optionally, a steel mesh layer is welded above the steel bridge deck layer.
Optionally, the thickness of the epoxy mortar pouring layer is 38-65 mm.
Optionally, the gradient of the bridge deck structure body from two sides to the center in the width direction is less than or equal to 1%.
Optionally, the cross beam is fusion welded with the main bridge lower chord.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a bridge deck structure of steel truss bridge includes the bridge deck structure body and is used for supporting the truss structure of bridge deck structure body. The bridge deck structure body comprises a steel bridge deck slab layer, and the rigidity of the steel bridge deck slab layer is improved by means of the bridge deck slab body and a first stiffening plate vertically welded to the bridge deck slab body; the steel bridge deck layer is used for bearing the epoxy mortar pouring layer and reducing the arrangement of the templates. The epoxy mortar pouring layer which is poured in a matched mode reduces shrinkage and creep of the bridge floor, improves structural strength and early strength, is short in maintenance period, shortens the construction period, and can be used for pedestrians to walk after the floor tiles are paved.
The truss structure comprises parallel main bridge lower chords and cross beams connected between the main bridge lower chords according to preset intervals, bridge deck structure bodies are fixed above the adjacent cross beams in an overlapped mode, expansion joints are reserved between two adjacent bridge deck body structures of the same cross beam along the length direction of the main bridge lower chords in an overlapped mode, deformation caused by temperature change and shrinkage creep can be released, and the influence of temperature stress on the bridge deck structures is reduced.
Further, above-mentioned steel bridge deck slab layer can rely on with the prefabricated shaping of deck slab body and accomplish in ground processing with first stiffening plate, when carrying out the bridge deck structure construction hoist and mount in place can, need not to erect the supporting template in truss structure below, has reduced the construction degree of difficulty and has reduced the influence to ground traffic.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings required to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a bridge deck structure of a steel truss bridge according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the welding of the lower chord and the lower cross member of the main bridge of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic illustration of a steel deck slab layer;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of C-C of FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a side view of the body of the deck plate of FIG. 4;
fig. 8 is an enlarged view of a portion D in fig. 5.
Wherein:
the method comprises the following steps of 1-main bridge lower chord, 2-cross beam, 21-second stiffening plate, 3-steel bridge deck plate layer, 31-bridge deck plate body, 32-first stiffening plate, 33-bending edge covering, 4-first asphalt caulking paste layer, 5-anchoring bolt, 6-second asphalt caulking paste layer, 7-steel rib net layer, 8-epoxy mortar pouring layer and 9-floor tile.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In order to make the technical field of the present invention better understand, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and the detailed description.
Referring to fig. 1 to 8, fig. 1 is a schematic view of a bridge deck structure of a steel truss bridge according to an embodiment of the present invention, fig. 2 is a schematic view of welding a lower chord and a lower beam of the main bridge in fig. 1, fig. 3 is a partial enlarged view of fig. 1, fig. 4 is a schematic view of a steel bridge deck, fig. 5 is a sectional view B-B of fig. 4, fig. 6 is a sectional view C-C of fig. 4, fig. 7 is a side view of a bridge deck body in fig. 4, and fig. 8 is an enlarged view of a portion D in fig. 5.
The utility model provides a bridge floor structure of steel truss bridge includes the bridge floor structure body and is used for supporting the truss structure of bridge floor structure body. The bridge deck structure body comprises a steel bridge deck slab layer 3, an epoxy mortar pouring layer 8 and floor tiles 9 paved on the epoxy mortar pouring layer 8. The rigidity of the steel bridge deck slab layer 3 is improved by means of the bridge deck slab body 31 and the first stiffening plates 32; the plurality of bridge deck bodies 31 are welded in parallel, and the first stiffening plates 32 are welded perpendicular to the plane of the bridge deck bodies 31 and welded at the abutted seams of the adjacent bridge deck bodies 31. The steel bridge deck slab layer 3 and the epoxy mortar layer poured in a matched mode reduce shrinkage and creep of the bridge deck, improve structural strength and early strength, shorten maintenance period, shorten construction period and enable pedestrians to walk after the floor tiles 9 are laid.
The truss structure includes parallel arrangement main bridge lower chord 1 and connects crossbeam 2 between main bridge lower chord 1 according to predetermined interval, and bridge floor structure body overlap joint is fixed in 2 tops of adjacent crossbeam, and reserves the expansion joint between two adjacent bridge floor body structures of same crossbeam 2 along the length direction overlap joint of main bridge lower chord 1, can be used for releasing because the deformation that temperature variation and shrink creep produced, reduces the influence that temperature stress produced bridge floor structure. The steel bridge deck slab layer 3 can be assembled by prefabricating and forming on the ground and then hoisting in place in the bridge construction process, the steel bridge deck slab layer 3 is used for bearing the epoxy mortar pouring layer 8, a supporting template does not need to be erected below the truss structure, and the construction difficulty and the influence on ground traffic are reduced.
The bridge deck structure of the steel truss bridge provided by the invention is described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, in the embodiment provided by the present invention, the bridge deck structure body adopts a steel bridge deck slab layer 3, an epoxy mortar pouring layer 8 and a floor tile 9 laid on the epoxy mortar pouring layer 8 in sequence from bottom to top. The truss structure comprises a pair of main bridge lower chords 1 and a plurality of groups of cross beams 2 connected between the pair of main bridge lower chords 1. The steel bridge deck plate layer 3 is fixed between two adjacent cross beams 2 in an overlapping mode. Two adjacent steel bridge deck layers 3 are also fixed between the steel bridge deck layers 3 of the same cross beam 2 in an overlapping mode, and an expansion joint is reserved between the two adjacent steel bridge deck layers 3, the width of the expansion joint is set to be about 10mm, and the expansion joint is used for releasing deformation of the steel bridge deck layers 3 caused by temperature change and shrinkage creep.
Meanwhile, the expansion joint is filled with asphalt caulking paste to form a first asphalt caulking paste layer 4. The first asphalt caulking paste layer 4 plays a good filling role in the expansion joint between the adjacent steel bridge deck layers 3, and simultaneously does not limit the expansion and contraction phenomenon caused by the temperature influence of the steel bridge deck layers 3. The width of the expansion joint can be flexibly adjusted according to the length of the steel bridge deck plate layer 3. The utility model discloses thickness at steel bridge deck plate layer 3 is about 86mm, length sets up to 10mm when about 1500mm, width 5800 mm.
In order to facilitate the temperature change shrinkage of the steel bridge deck layer 3, the steel bridge deck layer 3 and the cross beam 2 are fixedly connected through the anchor bolts 5, at least one of bolt holes which are formed in the steel bridge deck layer 3 and the cross beam 2 and used for being matched with the anchor bolts 5 is a long circular hole or an elliptical hole, and the length direction of the long circular hole or the elliptical hole is perpendicular to the length direction of the cross beam 2. In other words, the longitudinal direction of the oblong hole coincides with the longitudinal direction of the steel bridge deck layer 3, and when the length of the steel bridge deck layer 3 changes due to the influence of temperature and shrinkage creep, the anchor bolt 5 can slightly move in the longitudinal direction of the oblong hole, and the width of the expansion joint changes. The anchoring bolt 5 is a bolt with the specification of M10 multiplied by 110.
Further, still be equipped with second pitch caulking paste layer 6 between steel bridge deck slab layer 3 and the crossbeam 2 binding face, second pitch caulking paste layer 6 can be with the even loading of the gravity of steel bridge deck slab layer 3 on crossbeam 2. Meanwhile, when the length of the steel bridge deck layer 3 changes, the second asphalt caulking paste layer 6 provides possibility for micro-movement of the steel bridge deck layer 3 relative to the cross beam 2. The thickness of the second layer of asphalt caulking paste 6 is preferably set at 5 mm. At the moment, the bridge body is sequentially provided with a beam 2 with the thickness of 250mm, a second asphalt caulking paste layer 6 with the thickness of 5mm, a steel bridge deck layer 3 with the thickness of 86mm, an epoxy mortar pouring layer 8 with the thickness of 38-65 mm and a floor tile 9 with the thickness of 20mm from bottom to top, wherein the floor tile 9 is usually an anti-skid floor tile 9.
In order to further optimize the above embodiment, a steel mesh is further arranged between the epoxy mortar pouring layer 8 and the steel bridge deck layer 3. And (3) paving and welding a reinforcing mesh with the thickness of 8mm above the steel bridge deck slab layer 3, and then pouring epoxy mortar to form an epoxy mortar pouring layer 8. The arrangement of the reinforcing mesh layer 7 can improve the adhesion between the epoxy mortar pouring layer 8 and the steel bridge deck layer 3. The thickness of the epoxy mortar pouring layer 8 is not less than 38mm, and the epoxy mortar pouring layer gradually thickens from two sides of the bridge deck structure body in the width direction to the middle, so that a certain gradient is formed from two sides of the bridge deck structure body to the middle, and the gradient is preferably set to be less than 1%.
In the above embodiment, the bridge deck structure body and the truss structure of the present invention are sequentially, from bottom to top, the 250mm steel beam 2, the 5mm thick second asphalt caulking paste layer 6, the 86mm steel deck plate layer 3, the 8mm steel mesh layer 7, the 38-65 mm thick epoxy mortar pouring layer 8 and the 20mm thick anti-slip floor tile 9. The cross beam 2 and the lower chord of the main beam are welded by fusion penetration, and the schematic diagram of the welding can refer to fig. 2.
The cross beam 2 is made of I-shaped steel with the height of 250 multiplied by 175 multiplied by 10 multiplied by 12, a second stiffening plate 21 with the thickness of 218 multiplied by 82.5 multiplied by 12 is respectively arranged in the notches at the two sides of the I-shaped steel every 900-1000 mm, and the second stiffening plate 21 is arranged perpendicular to the length direction of the cross beam 2 and is connected with the cross beam 2 through a fillet weld with the thickness of 7 mm. The second stiffening plates 21 are then used to increase the stiffness of the cross beam 2.
With further reference to fig. 4 to 8, the steel deck slab is a steel grating with a height of 86mm, and the steel grating includes a deck slab body 31 welded in parallel and a first stiffener plate 32 welded perpendicularly to the deck slab body 31. The first stiffening plates 32 are perpendicular to the plane formed by the bridge deck body 31, so that the rigidity of the steel bridge deck plate layer 3 can be effectively improved. The first stiffening plates 32 and the bridge deck body 31 are arranged with equal length, and the two ends of the bridge deck body 31 are provided with bending covered edges 33 for covering the first stiffening plates 32. The bent edge 33 is specifically an L-shaped edge that is disposed perpendicular to the end of the bridge deck body 31, and forms a covering groove that hangs down relative to the bridge deck body 31 and is used for embedding the first stiffening plate 32 at two ends of the bridge deck body 31 in the length direction. The two sides of the first stiffening plate 32 are connected by 6mm fillet welds, one weld is welded at intervals of 150mm, and the first stiffening plate 32 is treated. The decking body 31 and the first stiffener plates 32 form a steel grid of 86mm thickness.
The length of decking is confirmed by the interval of two crossbeams 2 the utility model discloses in about 1500mm, the width is 5800mm, for the wholeness of guaranteeing the decking, can weld the equipment in the mill, after transporting the place, can block and hoist.
The construction scheme of the bridge deck structure of the utility model is that the main bridge lower chord 1 and the crossbeam 2 are hoisted and fixed to form a truss structure for supporting the bridge deck structure body; paving a second asphalt caulking paste layer 6 with the thickness of 5mm on the beam 2 → transporting the steel bridge deck slab layer 3 welded and formed in a factory to the site and installing → connecting the steel bridge deck slab layer 3 with the beam 2 by using an anchor bolt 5 → welding a steel bar mesh layer 7 with the thickness of 8mm on the bridge deck → pouring to form an epoxy mortar pouring layer 8 → paving an anti-skidding floor tile 9 with the thickness of 20mm after the epoxy mortar pouring layer 8 reaches the design strength and filling asphalt caulking paste into the expansion joint to form a first asphalt caulking paste layer 4.
The steel bridge deck plate layer 3 can be prefabricated in a factory and assembled in sections, meanwhile, the lower bridge deck plate body 31 can be used as a bottom die of the epoxy mortar pouring layer 8, the mounting and dismounting work of the formwork is reduced, the construction period is shortened, and meanwhile, the traffic of the road surface is not influenced in the construction process.
Expansion joints are arranged between the steel bridge deck slab layers 3 and filled with asphalt caulking paste, so that the length of each section of bridge deck structure is reduced, and the influence of stress generated by temperature change on the bridge deck structure is reduced.
The epoxy mortar has waterproof performance, the epoxy mortar shrinks and creeps, the strength, particularly the early strength, is high, the curing period is short, the construction period of the pavement is effectively shortened, and the influence of shrinkage and creep on the bridge deck structure is reduced.
Pouring epoxy mortar on the steel bridge deck slab layer 3 can prevent the bridge deck slab body 31 from fatigue and integral or local buckling too early while increasing the integral rigidity of the bridge deck structure body.
It is noted that, in this specification, relational terms such as first and second, and the like are used solely to distinguish one entity from another entity without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities.
It is right above that the utility model provides a bridge floor structure of steel truss bridge has carried out the detailed introduction. The principles and embodiments of the present invention have been explained herein using specific examples, and the above descriptions of the embodiments are only used to help understand the method and its core ideas of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the principle of the present invention, the present invention can be further modified and modified, and such modifications and modifications also fall within the protection scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The bridge deck structure of the steel truss bridge is characterized by comprising a bridge deck structure body and a truss structure used for supporting the bridge deck structure body; the truss structure comprises main bridge lower chords (1) which are arranged in parallel and cross beams (2) which are connected among the main bridge lower chords (1) at preset intervals;
the bridge deck structure body comprises a steel bridge deck panel layer (3), an epoxy mortar pouring layer (8) and floor tiles (9) laid above the epoxy mortar pouring layer (8) from bottom to top, and the steel bridge deck panel layer (3) is fixed to the cross beam (2) in a lap joint mode;
the steel bridge deck slab layer (3) comprises a bridge deck slab body (31) and a first stiffening plate (32) which is perpendicular to the bridge deck slab body (31) and is welded to the bridge deck slab body (31), and expansion joints are reserved between the adjacent steel bridge deck slab layers (3) which are lapped on the same cross beam (2).
2. Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridges according to claim 1, wherein the expansion joints are filled with a first layer of asphalt caulking paste (4).
3. Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridges according to claim 1, wherein the first stiffening plates (32) are arranged with equal length to the deck slab body (31), and both ends of the deck slab body (31) are provided with bent rims (33) covering the first stiffening plates (32).
4. The bridge deck structure of the steel truss bridge according to claim 3, wherein the cross beams (2) are I-shaped steel, and second stiffening plates (21) are arranged in the notches at the two sides of the I-shaped steel, and the second stiffening plates (21) are arranged perpendicular to the length direction of the cross beams (2).
5. Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridges according to claim 4, wherein the steel bridge deck (3) is connected with the cross beams (2) by anchor bolts (5), and bolt holes provided in the steel bridge deck (3) and/or in the cross beams (2) and cooperating with the anchor bolts (5) are slotted holes.
6. Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridges according to claim 5, wherein a second layer of asphalt caulking paste (6) is laid between the steel bridge deck (3) and above the girders (2).
7. Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridges as claimed in any of the claims 1 to 6, wherein a layer of reinforcement mesh (7) is welded on top of the steel bridge deck (3).
8. Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridges according to claim 7, wherein the thickness of the epoxy mortar casting layer (8) is 38-65 mm.
9. The deck structure of steel truss bridges of claim 8, wherein the gradient of the deck structure body from both sides to the center in the width direction is less than or equal to 1%.
10. Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridges according to claim 9, wherein the cross girders (2) are fusion welded to the main bridge lower chords (1).
CN202020910762.6U 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridge Active CN212388355U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020910762.6U CN212388355U (en) 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridge

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020910762.6U CN212388355U (en) 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridge

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212388355U true CN212388355U (en) 2021-01-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020910762.6U Active CN212388355U (en) 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Bridge deck structure of steel truss bridge

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212388355U (en)

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