CN212193737U - Engraving machine - Google Patents

Engraving machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212193737U
CN212193737U CN202020568316.1U CN202020568316U CN212193737U CN 212193737 U CN212193737 U CN 212193737U CN 202020568316 U CN202020568316 U CN 202020568316U CN 212193737 U CN212193737 U CN 212193737U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power source
saddle
power
lifting
stone
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN202020568316.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李丽萍
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Xiamen Institute of Technology
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Xiamen Institute of Technology
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Priority to CN202020568316.1U priority Critical patent/CN212193737U/en
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Publication of CN212193737U publication Critical patent/CN212193737U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an engraving machine, which comprises a machine body, a beam, a five-axis cutting mechanism and a waste material removing mechanism, wherein the beam is arranged on the machine body in a sliding way, and the five-axis cutting mechanism is movably arranged on the beam and is used for performing surface cutting processing on stone placed on the machine body; the waste removing mechanism is movably arranged on the cross beam and is used for hammering the stone sawed by the five-axis cutting mechanism to remove allowance. The utility model discloses the tool bit is driven by the motor, realizes being 45 skew angle with the Z axle, satisfies the slant feed within 45 and saw cuts, and effectual solution is to the less and processing such as edge small-angle slope of relief of sculpture degree of depth, raises the efficiency.

Description

Engraving machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a stone material processing machinery equipment technical field, in particular to a five-axis linkage processing engraver that is used for relief of stone material plane rough machining.
Background
The engraving is a drilling and milling combined machining in principle, has wide application range, comprises a woodworking engraving machine, a laser engraving machine, an advertisement engraving machine, a jade engraving machine, a stone engraving machine, a cylindrical engraving machine and the like, has very wide application range, even replaces a manual engraving technology, and lays a foundation for the mass rapid production of products. Among which stone engravers are particularly remarkable.
However, the existing stone carving machine still has the following technical problems:
1) processing such as small relief depth, small-angle edge inclination and the like;
2) low efficiency for planar relief roughening.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides a five-axis linkage processing engraving machine which adopts a saw cutting mode of a swingable saw blade to realize high-speed cutting and adopts a hammer extrusion mode to realize high-efficiency copying processing for quickly removing allowance, and can better solve the problem of low efficiency of rough processing of stone plane embossment; the dust removal device is formed by adopting a structural form of a plurality of steel plates, and the steel plates can synchronously move, so that the noise generated in the processing and production process can be effectively reduced, and meanwhile, the interference of dust on operators can be avoided; the tool bit is driven by the motor, so that a deviation angle of +/-45 degrees is formed between the tool bit and the Z axis, the requirement of inclined feed sawing within +/-45 degrees is met, and the processing problems of small relief depth, small-angle edge inclination and the like are well solved.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: the utility model provides an engraver, includes lathe bed and slidable locates the crossbeam on the lathe bed, its characterized in that: this engraver still includes:
the five-axis cutting mechanism is movably arranged on the cross beam and is used for cutting the stone on the lathe bed; and
the waste removing mechanism is arranged on one side of the five-axis cutting mechanism and is used for removing redundant waste on the stone;
wherein: the five-axis cutting mechanism cuts the surface of the stone material discontinuously according to a certain distance, and after cutting, the scrap removing mechanism starts to extrude the sawed stone material to remove allowance and finish various common plane relief profiling processing on the stone material.
Preferably, the five-axis cutting mechanism comprises: a saddle for supporting;
the first power source is arranged on the saddle and used for providing power;
the driving gear teeth are rotatably arranged on the sliding saddle and meshed with the cross beam, and the first power source can drive the gear teeth to rotate back and forth;
the lifting component is arranged on the saddle and used for providing lifting power;
the second power source is arranged on the lifting component and used for providing rotary power;
the rotary tool bit seat is rotatably arranged on the lifting component, and the second power source can drive the rotary tool bit seat to rotate along the shaft;
the third power source is arranged on the rotary tool bit seat and used for providing swing power; and
the tool bit is arranged on the rotary tool bit seat, and the third power source can drive the tool bit to cut the stone.
Preferably, the scrap removal mechanism includes a second saddle;
the fourth power source is arranged on the second saddle and used for providing power;
the second driving gear teeth are rotatably arranged on the second saddle and meshed with the cross beam, and the fourth power source can drive the second driving gear teeth to rotate back and forth;
the second lifting component is arranged on the second saddle and used for providing lifting power;
the fifth power source is arranged on the second lifting component and used for providing power;
a cam member provided on the second lifting member; the fifth power source can drive the cam part to rotate; and
and the knocking component is arranged on the second lifting component in a sliding manner, and one end of the knocking component is connected with the cam component.
Preferably, the engraving machine further comprises a dust removing device; the dust removal device is fixedly connected with the lathe bed.
Preferably, a workbench is arranged on the lathe bed; a groove is formed in the workbench; the lathe bed is symmetrically provided with first racks; one side of the first rack is provided with a guide rail; the guide rail is convex.
Preferably, two ends of the cross beam are symmetrically provided with driving sources; the output end of the driving source is provided with a gear; a slide rail groove is formed in the cross beam; a convex groove is arranged above the slide rail groove; and second racks are symmetrically arranged on the inner sides of the convex grooves.
Preferably, the striking member 47 is a hammer
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages of it is following:
1. the utility model has the advantages that the tool bit is driven by the motor, the deviation angle of +/-45 degrees with the Z axis is realized, the requirement of the inclined feed sawing within +/-45 degrees is met, and the processing of smaller relief depth, small-angle edge inclination and the like is effectively solved;
2. the utility model adopts the stepping motor to drive the cam transmission mode to realize the extrusion movement of the hammer and remove the machining allowance, and realizes the full automation mode of rough machining;
3. the linear motion of the power head on the cross beam and the linear motion of the cross beam on the stand column both adopt a gear rack transmission mode driven by double motors, and the structure is simple;
4. the utility model adopts the structural form of a plurality of steel plates to form the dust removal device, and the steel plates can realize the synchronous motion of the continuous motion, thereby effectively reducing the noise generated in the processing and production process and simultaneously avoiding the interference of operators by dust;
5. the utility model discloses can be applied to the plane relief (sculpture) rough machining of all kinds of granite and marble material, be applicable to the contour machining of various bas-relief (sculpture), deep relief (sculpture) and intaglio pattern, it is efficient.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a three-dimensional structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a five-axis cutting mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a waste removing mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of a beam structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: the device comprises a lathe bed 1, a cross beam 2, a five-axis cutting mechanism 3, a scrap removing mechanism 4, a dust removing device 5, a workbench 11, a groove 12, a first rack 13, a guide rail 14, a driving source 21, a gear 22, a slide rail groove 23, a convex groove 24, a saddle 31, a first power source 32, a driving gear tooth 33, a lifting component 34, a second power source 35, a rotary tool bit seat 36, a third power source 37, a tool bit 38, a second saddle 41, a fourth power source 42, a second driving gear tooth 43, a second lifting component 44, a fifth power source 45, a cam component 46 and a knocking component 47.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with embodiments.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of example embodiments according to the present application. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and claims of this application and in the drawings described above are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order. It is to be understood that the terms so used are interchangeable under appropriate circumstances such that the embodiments of the application described herein are, for example, capable of operation in sequences other than those illustrated or otherwise described herein. Furthermore, the terms "comprises," "comprising," and "having," and any variations thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, system, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed, but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Exemplary embodiments according to the present application will now be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. These exemplary embodiments may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to only the embodiments set forth herein. It is to be understood that these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the concept of the exemplary embodiments to those skilled in the art, in the drawings, it is possible to enlarge the thicknesses of layers and regions for clarity, and the same devices are denoted by the same reference numerals, and thus the description thereof will be omitted.
Referring now to the drawings in which: the engraving machine comprises a machine body 1, a cross beam 2, a five-axis cutting mechanism 3 and a waste removing mechanism 4, wherein the machine body 1 is formed by welding metal steel, and the machine body 1 mainly plays a supporting role and is used for supporting the cross beam 2, the five-axis cutting mechanism 3 and the waste removing mechanism 4. The beam 2 is slidably arranged on the lathe bed 1, is mainly used for supporting the five-axis cutting mechanism 3 and the waste removing mechanism 4, and is used for moving the five-axis cutting mechanism 3 and the waste removing mechanism 4 to form a lead. The five-axis cutting mechanism 3 is movably arranged on the cross beam 2 and is used for performing surface cutting processing on the stone placed on the lathe bed 1. The scrap removing mechanism 4 is movably arranged on the cross beam 2 and used for hammering the stone sawed by the five-axis cutting mechanism 3 to remove allowance.
Specifically, the utility model discloses the during operation as long as directly place the stone material on the workstation to the stone material relies on self gravity to realize fixing. The five-axis cutting mechanism 3 and the scrap removing mechanism 4 are transported to the designated position on the beam 2; the five-axis cutting mechanism 3 starts to saw the surface of the stone material, and after the saw cutting, the purpose of removing the allowance is realized by the extrusion effect of the scrap removing mechanism 4, so that the effect of the profiling machining of the plane embossment is achieved.
On the basis of the above embodiment, the five-axis cutting mechanism 3 includes: a saddle 31, a first power source 32, drive gear teeth 33, a lifting member 34, a second power source 35, a rotary tool tip carrier 36, a third power source 37, and a tool tip 38. Wherein: the first power source 32 is disposed on the saddle 31 and is used for providing power for the whole five-axis cutting mechanism 3 to reciprocate back and forth along the cross beam 2, the first power source 32 is a servo motor, but in other embodiments, the first power source 32 may also be a cylinder or a hydraulic motor or a rotary power device. The driving gear 33 is rotatably disposed on the saddle 31 and engaged with the beam 2, and the first power source 32 can drive the gear 33 to rotate back and forth. The lifting component 34 is arranged on the saddle 31 and used for providing lifting power in the vertical direction when the stone is sawed at different depths, and the lifting component 34 is a screw rod lifting device; of course, in other embodiments, the lifting member 34 may be an electric or various types of cylinders or push-type power devices. The second power source 35 is disposed on the lifting member 34 for providing a rotating power, and the second power source 35 is a motor. The rotary tool bit seat 36 is rotatably disposed on the lifting member 34, and the second power source 35 can drive the rotary tool bit seat 36 to rotate along the Z axis to form a C axis. And a third power source 37 disposed on the rotary tool bit seat 36 for providing a swinging power. The cutter head 38 is arranged on the rotary cutter head seat 36, the third power source 37 can drive the cutter head 38 to swing to form a B shaft, the cutter head 38 is further directly driven by a motor and transmits power to the saw blade through a phase bevel gear set, and the motor is directly arranged to effectively improve the sawing effect through gear set transmission. Through adopting the above technique, the utility model discloses realize that tool bit 38 and Z axle are 45 skew angle rotations, have the slant feed that satisfies within 45 simultaneously and saw cut, better solve the less and marginal small-angle slope scheduling processing problem of relief (sculpture) degree of depth.
On the basis of the above embodiment, the scrap removing mechanism 4 includes the second saddle 41, the fourth power source 42, the second driving gear 43, the second lifting member 44, the fifth power source 45, the cam member 46, and the knocking member 47. Wherein the second saddle 41 functions as a support for supporting the fourth power source 42, the second driving gear teeth 43, the second elevating member 44, the fifth power source 45, the cam member 46, and the striking member 47. The fourth power source 42 is disposed on the second saddle 41, and is used for providing power for the whole waste removing mechanism 4 to reciprocate back and forth along the cross beam 2. The second driving gear 43 is rotatably disposed on the second saddle 41 and engaged with the cross beam 2, and the fourth power source 42 can drive the second driving gear 43 to reciprocate. The second lifting component 44 is arranged on the second saddle 41 and used for providing lifting power for reciprocating movement in the vertical direction, and the second lifting component 44 is a screw rod lifting device; of course, in other embodiments, the second lifting member 44 may also be an electric or various types of cylinders or push-type power devices. The fifth power source 45 is disposed on the second elevating member 44 for supplying power. The cam member 46 is provided on the second lifting member 44, and the fifth power source 45 drives the cam member 46 to rotate. And a striking member 47 slidably disposed on the second elevating member 44, wherein one end of the striking member 47 is connected to the cam member 46. The fourth power source 42 is a motor, and the fifth power source 45 is a stepping motor. Specifically, when removing waste material mechanism 4 and will carrying out the extrusion to the stone material that has accomplished the saw cutting when the fourth power supply 42 begins to drive second drive teeth of a cogwheel 43 and rotates, and then realize that the high-speed migration arrives the assigned position after, second elevating part 44 simultaneous working will strike part 47 and adjust to suitable height of strikeing next to, last step motor drives cam part 46 and rotates, and then realize strikeing part 47 and extrude the stone material and strike, whole in-process adopts step motor to drive cam drive mode and realizes strikeing the extrusion motion of part 47 and get rid of the machining allowance, realize the full automatization mode of rough machining.
On the basis of the above embodiment, the engraving machine further comprises a dust removal device 5; the dust removal device 5 is fixedly connected with the lathe bed 1; dust collector 5 adopts the structural style design of multi-disc steel sheet, and can realize running fire with moving between each steel sheet, so the design can reduce the noise, can avoid operating personnel to receive the dust interference simultaneously. The utility model discloses the structural style of well multi-disc steel sheet can realize between each steel sheet that the company sends out moves concrete structure and be prior art, is known by the technical skill in the art, therefore is not being introduced in detail here, is equipped with dust removal mechanism on the dust collector 5 in addition for handle produced dust in the processing, specific dust removal mechanism is prior art, is known by the technical skill in the art, therefore is not introduced in detail here.
On the basis of the above embodiment, the lathe bed 1 is provided with a workbench 11; grooves 12 are formed in the workbench 11 in an array mode, materials can be saved by adopting a groove 12 type design, and meanwhile, the processing difficulty (high large plane processing difficulty) is reduced; the lathe bed 1 is symmetrically provided with first racks 13, wherein the first racks 13 are used for being meshed with the cross beam 2; and one side of the first rack 13 is provided with a guide rail 14 for guiding the beam 2 in the moving process, so that the moving efficiency is improved. In this embodiment, the guide rail 14 is in a convex shape, and the convex design can improve the contact area between the whole lathe bed 1 and the cross beam 2, so that the whole operation is more stable, and the machining precision and efficiency are further improved.
On the basis of the above embodiment, the two ends of the beam 2 are symmetrically provided with the driving sources 21, and the driving sources 21 can be one of hydraulic motors, servo motors or rotary cylinder type power; the output end of the driving source 21 is provided with a gear 22, the driving source 21 drives the gear 22 to rotate during work, the first rack 13 meshed with the gear 22 is fixed on the lathe bed 1, and the transverse beam 2 can be pushed to reciprocate at the moment; a slide rail groove 23 is arranged on the cross beam 2; a convex groove 24 is arranged above the slide rail groove 23; the inboard symmetry of type of protruding recess 24 is equipped with second rack 25, and second drive teeth of a cogwheel 43 and drive teeth of a cogwheel 33 all are established the second rack 25 meshing connection that sets up with the symmetry during use, so can guarantee five cutting mechanism 3 and remove the steady removal of waste material mechanism 4 at crossbeam 2, improve the stability of whole equipment.
To sum up, the tool bit 38 of the present invention is driven by the motor to realize a deflection angle of ± 45 ° with the Z axis, so as to meet the requirement of oblique feeding sawing within ± 45 °, and better solve the processing problems of small depth of relief and small angle inclination of edge; the step motor drives the cam to drive so as to remove the machining allowance of the extrusion movement of the hammer and realize a full-automatic mode of rough machining; the linear motion of the power head on the cross beam and the linear motion of the cross beam on the upright post both adopt a gear rack transmission mode driven by double motors, and the structure is simple.
It should be finally noted that the above embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting the same, and although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the above embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that after reading the present specification, the technical personnel can still modify or equivalently replace the specific embodiments of the present invention, but these modifications or changes do not depart from the scope of the claims of the present application.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an engraver, includes lathe bed (1) and slidable crossbeam (2) of locating on lathe bed (1), its characterized in that: this engraver still includes:
the five-axis cutting mechanism (3) is movably arranged on the cross beam (2) and is used for cutting the stone on the lathe bed (1); and
the waste removing mechanism (4) is arranged on one side of the five-axis cutting mechanism (3) and is used for removing redundant waste on the stone;
wherein: after the five-axis cutting mechanism (3) cuts the stone in a periodical manner, the scrap removing mechanism (4) starts to extrude the cut stone to remove allowance.
2. The engraver according to claim 1, wherein said five-axis cutting mechanism (3) comprises: a saddle (31) for supporting;
a first power source (32) arranged on the saddle (31) and used for providing power;
the driving gear teeth (33) are rotatably arranged on the sliding saddle (31) and are meshed with the cross beam (2), and the first power source (32) can drive the gear teeth (33) to rotate back and forth;
the lifting component (34) is arranged on the saddle (31) and is used for providing lifting power;
a second power source (35) provided on the lifting member (34) for providing a rotational power;
the rotary tool bit seat (36) is rotatably arranged on the lifting component (34), and the second power source (35) can drive the rotary tool bit seat (36) to rotate along the Z axis;
the third power source (37) is arranged on the rotary tool bit seat (36) and is used for providing swing power; and
the cutter head (38) is arranged on the rotary cutter head seat (36), and the third power source (37) can drive the cutter head (38) to cut the stone.
3. The engraving machine according to claim 1, characterized in that said scrap removal means (4) comprise a second saddle (41);
a fourth power source (42) provided on the second saddle (41) for supplying power;
the second driving gear teeth (43) are rotatably arranged on the second saddle (41) and are meshed with the cross beam (2), and the fourth power source (42) can drive the second driving gear teeth (43) to rotate back and forth in a reciprocating mode;
a second lifting member (44) which is arranged on the second saddle (41) and is used for providing lifting power;
a fifth power source (45) which is arranged on the second lifting component (44) and is used for providing power;
a cam member (46) provided to the second lifting member (44); the fifth power source (45) can drive the cam component (46) to rotate; and
and the knocking component (47) is arranged on the second lifting component (44) in a sliding manner, and one end of the knocking component (47) is connected with the cam component (46).
4. The engraver of claim 1 further comprising a dust removal device (5); the dust removal device (5) is fixedly connected with the lathe bed (1).
5. The engraving machine according to claim 1, characterized in that on said bed (1) there is provided a table (11); a groove (12) is arranged on the workbench (11); the lathe bed (1) is symmetrically provided with first racks (13); and a guide rail (14) is arranged on one side of the first rack (13).
6. The engraving machine according to claim 5, characterized in that said guide rail (14) is of a convex shape.
7. The engraving machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the beam (2) is provided symmetrically at both ends with a drive source (21); the output end of the driving source (21) is provided with a gear (22); a slide rail groove (23) is arranged on the cross beam (2); a convex groove (24) is arranged above the slide rail groove (23); and second racks (25) are symmetrically arranged on the inner sides of the convex grooves (24).
8. The engraver according to claim 3, wherein the strike member (47) is a hammer.
CN202020568316.1U 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 Engraving machine Expired - Fee Related CN212193737U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020568316.1U CN212193737U (en) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 Engraving machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020568316.1U CN212193737U (en) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 Engraving machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212193737U true CN212193737U (en) 2020-12-22

Family

ID=73834075

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020568316.1U Expired - Fee Related CN212193737U (en) 2020-04-16 2020-04-16 Engraving machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212193737U (en)

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20201222

Termination date: 20210416