CN212020123U - Multi-station continuous workpiece changing and machining device suitable for numerical control machine tool - Google Patents

Multi-station continuous workpiece changing and machining device suitable for numerical control machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212020123U
CN212020123U CN202020744892.7U CN202020744892U CN212020123U CN 212020123 U CN212020123 U CN 212020123U CN 202020744892 U CN202020744892 U CN 202020744892U CN 212020123 U CN212020123 U CN 212020123U
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clamping jaw
numerical control
control machine
chain
machine tool
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张瑛
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Dongguan Tianhui Hardware Products Co ltd
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Dongguan Tianhui Hardware Products Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multistation processing apparatus that trades in succession suitable for digit control machine tool, including the digit control machine tool, install the base in digit control machine tool one side, install the six-shaft manipulator that is used for carrying the processing part on the base, install the transmission device who is used for carrying on the transmission with the processing part in base one side, the six-shaft manipulator includes the clamping jaw mechanism who installs in six-shaft manipulator action execution ends, clamping jaw mechanism includes first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw that is 90 degrees settings, first clamping jaw and second clamping jaw are all installed on clamping jaw steering motor, clamping jaw steering motor drives first clamping jaw and second clamping jaw and carries out 90 degrees switches, when the six-shaft manipulator on the utility model moves to a position material taking or material throwing, carry out two operations simultaneously, raise the efficiency, and the six-shaft manipulator can carry out different stations automatically under the cooperation of transmission device and get the material and the blowing, the automation degree is high, the production efficiency is improved, and the labor cost is saved.

Description

Multi-station continuous workpiece changing and machining device suitable for numerical control machine tool
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the numerical control processing, in particular to multistation trades a processingequipment in succession suitable for digit control machine tool.
Background
With the rapid development of computer technology and electronic information technology and the improvement of industrial automation degree, a lot of heavy physical labor of industrial sites is gradually replaced by machines. A large amount of materials of industrial field need carry, if material loading, unload etc. and get material work and have the manual work to accomplish not only working strength big, still can lead to the material position to place inaccurate because of people's mood changes. In recent years, more and more mechanical arms, robots, industrial devices and other equipment are applied to various production fields, the movement of mechanical equipment is effectively controlled, good service can be provided for a production line, and a manipulator and a control system are installed on a workbench, so that the production automation and the production efficiency are realized, the labor production efficiency is improved, the cost is saved, and more wealth is created for the society.
The numerically controlled lathe is one of the widely used numerically controlled machines at present. The numerical control machine tool automatically processes the processed parts according to a processing program programmed in advance. The numerical control machine tool is mainly used for cutting and processing inner and outer cylindrical surfaces of shaft parts or disc parts, inner and outer conical surfaces with any taper angles, complex rotary inner and outer curved surfaces, cylinders, conical threads and the like, and can perform grooving, drilling, reaming, boring and the like.
At present, a plurality of numerical control devices cannot continuously change parts and process, and need manual operation to change and clamp the parts, and when the parts are changed manually, the products are usually taken out and put well, and then new parts to be processed are clamped, so that the time is wasted, and when some products need to be produced in a large batch, the production efficiency is low.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to overcome the above-mentioned defect among the prior art, provide a simple structure, on-the-spot implement convenient, can multistation trade a processing, improve production efficiency's multistation trade a processingequipment in succession that is applicable to digit control machine tool in succession.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a multistation continuous workpiece changing and processing device suitable for a numerical control machine, which comprises a numerical control machine, a base arranged on one side of the numerical control machine, a six-shaft mechanical arm arranged on the base and used for carrying processed parts, and a transmission mechanism arranged on one side of the base and used for transmitting the processed parts, wherein the six-shaft mechanical arm comprises a clamping jaw mechanism arranged at an action execution end of the six-shaft mechanical arm, the clamping jaw mechanism comprises a first clamping jaw and a second clamping jaw which are arranged at 90 degrees, the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are both arranged on a clamping jaw steering motor, the clamping jaw steering motor drives the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw to perform 90-degree switching, the transmission mechanism comprises a material carrying frame, the material carrying frame comprises a material carrying frame of parts to be processed and a material carrying frame of finished parts, at least one first material tray is arranged on the material, the utility model discloses a six-shaft mechanical arm feeding mechanism, including first charging tray, second charging tray, first chain, first sprocket, the first motor that is used for driving first chain pivoted is installed to first chain, first chain one end, and the other end is installed and is used for driving first chain pivoted first motor, the first charging tray of first motor drive feeds to the six-shaft mechanical arm, finished product part carries and has installed at least one second charging tray on the storage rack, the second chain has been installed to the second charging tray under, the second sprocket has been installed to second chain one end, and the other end is installed and is used for driving second chain pivoted second motor, second motor drive second charging tray keeps away from the six-shaft mechanical arm and carries.
Preferably, the numerical control machine is a numerical control lathe, and a spindle chuck is arranged on the numerical control lathe.
Preferably, the part to be processed is a special-shaped part, one end of the special-shaped part is in a round cake shape, and the other end of the special-shaped part is in a long strip shape.
Preferably, the first tray and the second tray are provided with a plurality of positioning devices for positioning the machined parts, each positioning device is provided with a groove for placing one end of the special-shaped part and a V-shaped block for placing the other end of the special-shaped part, and the number of the positioning devices is multiple.
Preferably, after the parts to be processed of the first material tray are completely grabbed, the six-shaft manipulator grabs the first material tray onto the finished part loading frame.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
the utility model is provided with a numerical control machine tool, a base arranged on one side of the numerical control machine tool, a six-shaft mechanical arm arranged on the base for carrying processed parts, and a transmission mechanism arranged on one side of the base for transmitting the processed parts, wherein the six-shaft mechanical arm comprises a clamping jaw mechanism arranged at the action execution end of the six-shaft mechanical arm, the clamping jaw mechanism comprises a first clamping jaw and a second clamping jaw which are arranged at 90 degrees, the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are arranged on a clamping jaw steering motor, the clamping jaw steering motor drives the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw to perform 90-degree switching, the transmission mechanism comprises a material carrying frame, the material carrying frame comprises a material carrying frame for the parts to be processed and a material carrying frame for finished parts, at least one first material tray is arranged on the material carrying frame for the parts to be processed, a first chain is arranged under the first material tray, a first chain wheel is arranged at, the other end is installed and is used for driving first chain pivoted first motor, the first charging tray of first motor drive supplies to six manipulators, finished product part carries and has installed at least one second charging tray on the storage rack, the second chain has been installed under the second charging tray, the second sprocket has been installed to second chain one end, and the other end is installed and is used for driving second chain pivoted second motor, six manipulators are kept away from to second motor drive second charging tray and carry out the unloading, the utility model discloses a six manipulators move to a position at every turn and get the material or when throwing the material, carry out two operations simultaneously, raise the efficiency, and six manipulators can carry out different stations under transmission device's cooperation automatically and get material and blowing, and degree of automation is high, improves production efficiency, saves the cost of labor.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic front structural view of a multi-station continuous workpiece changing and processing device suitable for a numerical control machine tool according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic bottom structure view of a multi-station continuous workpiece changing and processing device suitable for a numerical control machine tool according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a first tray of a multi-station continuous workpiece changing and processing device suitable for a numerical control machine tool.
The figure includes:
1-a numerical control machine tool, 2-a base, 3-a six-axis manipulator, 4-a transmission mechanism, 31-a clamping jaw mechanism, 32-a first clamping jaw, 33-a second clamping jaw, 34-a clamping jaw steering motor, 41-a material loading frame, 42-a part loading frame to be processed, 43-a finished part loading frame, 421-a first material tray, 422-a first chain, 423-a first chain wheel, 424-a first motor, 431-a second material tray, 432-a second chain, 433-a second chain wheel, 434-a second motor, 11-a numerical control lathe, 12-a main shaft chuck, 5-a special-shaped part, 44-a positioning device, 45-a groove and a 46-V type block.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings of the present embodiment, and it is obvious that the described embodiment is an embodiment of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on this embodiment in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by the ordinary skilled person in the art without creative work all belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the present invention provides a multi-station continuous workpiece changing and processing device suitable for a numerical control machine, including a numerical control machine 1, a base 2 installed on one side of the numerical control machine 1, a six-axis robot 3 installed on the base 2 for carrying processed parts, and a transmission mechanism 4 installed on one side of the base 2 for transmitting the processed parts, wherein the six-axis robot 3 includes a clamping jaw mechanism 31 installed at an action execution end of the six-axis robot 3, the clamping jaw mechanism 31 includes a first clamping jaw 32 and a second clamping jaw 33 arranged at 90 degrees, the first clamping jaw 32 and the second clamping jaw 33 are both installed on a clamping jaw steering motor 34, the clamping jaw steering motor 34 drives the first clamping jaw 32 and the second clamping jaw 33 to perform 90-degree switching, the transmission mechanism 4 includes a workpiece carrier 41, the workpiece carrier 41 includes a workpiece carrier 42 for the processed parts and a finished workpiece carrier 43, the workpiece loading frame 42 is provided with at least one first material tray 421, a first chain 422 is arranged under the first material tray 421, one end of the first chain 422 is provided with a first chain wheel 423, the other end of the first chain 422 is provided with a first motor 424 for driving the first chain 422 to rotate, the first motor 424 drives the first material tray 421 to feed to the six-axis manipulator 3, the finished workpiece loading frame 43 is provided with at least one second material tray 431, a second chain 432 is arranged under the second material tray 431, one end of the second chain 432 is provided with a second chain wheel 433, the other end of the second chain 432 is provided with a second motor 434 for driving the second chain 432 to rotate, and the second motor 434 drives the second material tray 431 to be far away from the six-axis manipulator 3 for blanking.
The numerical control machine tool 1 is a numerical control lathe 11, a spindle chuck 12 is arranged on the numerical control lathe 11, the spindle chuck 12 clamps a product to be processed, and the product is switched by matching with the six-axis manipulator 3 after the processing is finished.
The part to be processed is a special-shaped part 5, one end of the special-shaped part 5 is in a round cake shape, the other end of the special-shaped part 5 is in a long strip shape, and the special-shaped part 5 is turned on the end face plane by the numerical control lathe 11.
The first tray 421 and the second tray 431 are both provided with a positioning device 44 for positioning the machined parts, the positioning device 44 is provided with a groove 45 for placing one end of the special-shaped part 5 and a V-shaped block 46 for placing the other end of the special-shaped part 5, and the positioning devices 44 are arranged in a plurality.
The part of waiting to process of first charging tray 421 snatchs the back that finishes completely, six-shaft mechanical arm 3 snatchs first charging tray 421 to finished product part year work or material rest 43 on, wait to process part year work or material rest 42 one side will wait to process part and charging tray and carry out the material loading together, finished product part carries one side of work or material rest 43 and carries the unloading and the inspection with processed part and charging tray, has the advantage that reduces the manual work and improve work efficiency, so part and charging tray switch and circulate.
The utility model provides a multistation processingequipment that trades in succession suitable for digit control machine tool can improve production efficiency when product production, and the device's operation flow is as follows: firstly, the part to be machined and the first material tray 421 are placed above the first chain 422 at one side of the part to be machined material loading frame 42, and the first motor 424 drives the first material tray 421 placed above the first chain 422 to approach the six-axis manipulator 3, so that the feeding action is completed; secondly, after the first material tray 421 is in place, the first clamping jaw 32 on the six-axis manipulator 3 grabs the part to be processed and transfers the part to the front of the numerical control machine 1, after the part in the numerical control machine 1 is processed, the numerical control machine 1 opens the feeding door, the second clamping jaw 33 on the six-axis manipulator 3 tightly grasps the processed part, the spindle chuck 12 is loosened, the processed part is taken out by the second clamping jaw 33, the clamping jaw steering motor 34 drives the first clamping jaw 32 and the second clamping jaw 33 to perform 90-degree switching, the six-axis manipulator 3 drives the first clamping jaw 32 to load the part to be processed into the spindle chuck 12, the spindle chuck 12 tightly clamps the part to be processed, the first clamping jaw 32 is loosened, the six-axis manipulator 3 leaves the numerical control machine 1, the feeding door is closed by the numerical control machine 1, and the processed part is placed on the second material tray; finally, when the second material tray 431 is full, the second motor 434 drives the second material tray 431 placed above the second chain 432 to be away from the six-axis manipulator 3, so that the blanking action is completed; the first clamping jaw 32 grabs the last part to be machined on the first tray 421, the clamping jaw steering motor 34 drives the first clamping jaw 32 and the second clamping jaw 33 to switch by 90 degrees, the second clamping jaw 33 grabs the first tray 421 and places the first tray onto the second chain 432, at this time, the first tray 421 is changed into the second tray 431 for placing the machined part, and the above actions are repeated in cycles to perform continuous machining.
To sum up, the beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
the utility model is provided with a numerical control machine 1, a base 2 arranged on one side of the numerical control machine 1, a six-shaft mechanical arm 3 arranged on the base 2 for carrying processed parts, and a transmission mechanism 4 arranged on one side of the base 2 for transmitting the processed parts, wherein the six-shaft mechanical arm 3 comprises a clamping jaw mechanism 31 arranged at an action execution end of the six-shaft mechanical arm 3, the clamping jaw mechanism 31 comprises a first clamping jaw 32 and a second clamping jaw 33 which are arranged at 90 degrees, the first clamping jaw 32 and the second clamping jaw 33 are both arranged on a clamping jaw steering motor 34, the clamping jaw steering motor 34 drives the first clamping jaw 32 and the second clamping jaw 33 to perform 90-degree switching, the transmission mechanism 4 comprises a material carrying frame 41, the material carrying frame 41 comprises a material carrying frame 42 of the parts to be processed and a material carrying frame 43 of finished parts, the material carrying frame 42 of the parts to be processed is provided with at least one first material tray 421, the first material tray 421 is provided with a, the utility model discloses a six-axis manipulator, including six chains 422, first chain 423, the other end is installed and is used for driving first chain 422 pivoted first motor 424, first motor 424 drive first charging tray 421 supplies to six-axis manipulator 3, finished product part carries the material frame 43 facial make-up and is equipped with at least one second charging tray 431, second charging tray 431 issues and is installed second chain 432, second chain 433 is installed to second chain 432 one end, the other end is installed and is used for driving second chain 432 pivoted second motor 434, second motor 434 drive second charging tray 431 keeps away from six-axis manipulator 3 and carries out the unloading, the utility model discloses a when six-axis manipulator moved to a position and got material or thrown the material each time, two operations were carried out simultaneously, raise the efficiency, and six-axis manipulator can carry out different stations automatically under the cooperation of transmission device and get the material and the blowing, degree of automation is high, the production efficiency is improved, and the labor cost is saved.

Claims (5)

1. The multi-station continuous workpiece changing and processing device is characterized by comprising a numerical control machine (1), a base (2) arranged on one side of the numerical control machine (1), a six-shaft mechanical arm (3) arranged on the base (2) and used for carrying processed parts, and a transmission mechanism (4) arranged on one side of the base (2) and used for transmitting the processed parts, wherein the six-shaft mechanical arm (3) comprises a clamping jaw mechanism (31) arranged at an action execution end of the six-shaft mechanical arm (3), the clamping jaw mechanism (31) comprises a first clamping jaw (32) and a second clamping jaw (33) which are arranged at 90 degrees, the first clamping jaw (32) and the second clamping jaw (33) are arranged on a clamping jaw steering motor (34), the clamping jaw steering motor (34) drives the first clamping jaw (32) and the second clamping jaw (33) to switch at 90 degrees, the transmission mechanism (4) comprises a workpiece carrying frame (41), the material loading frame (41) comprises a to-be-processed part material loading frame (42) and a finished product part material loading frame (43), at least one first material tray (421) is arranged on the to-be-processed part material loading frame (42), a first chain (422) is arranged under the first material tray (421), a first chain wheel (423) is arranged at one end of the first chain (422), a first motor (424) used for driving the first chain (422) to rotate is arranged at the other end of the first chain, the first motor (424) drives the first material tray (421) to supply materials to the six-shaft manipulator (3), at least one second material tray (431) is arranged on the finished product part material loading frame (43), a second chain (432) is arranged under the second material tray (431), a second chain wheel (433) is arranged at one end of the second chain (432), and a second motor (434) used for driving the second chain (432) to rotate is arranged at the other end of the second chain (432, the second motor (434) drives the second material tray (431) to be far away from the six-axis manipulator (3) for blanking.
2. A multi-station continuous workpiece-changing processing device suitable for a numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that the numerical control machine tool (1) is a numerical control lathe (11), and a main shaft chuck (12) is arranged on the numerical control lathe (11).
3. The multi-station continuous workpiece changing and processing device suitable for the numerical control machine tool is characterized in that the part to be processed is a special-shaped part (5), one end of the special-shaped part (5) is in a round cake shape, and the other end of the special-shaped part is in a long strip shape.
4. The multi-station continuous workpiece changing and processing device suitable for the numerical control machine tool is characterized in that the first material tray (421) and the second material tray (431) are provided with a positioning device (44) for positioning the processed parts, the positioning device (44) is provided with a groove (45) for placing one end of the special-shaped part (5) and a V-shaped block (46) for placing the other end of the special-shaped part (5), and the positioning device (44) is provided in a plurality.
5. The multi-station continuous workpiece changing and processing device suitable for the numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that after the parts to be processed of the first material tray (421) are completely grabbed, the six-axis manipulator (3) grabs the first material tray (421) onto the finished part loading frame (43).
CN202020744892.7U 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Multi-station continuous workpiece changing and machining device suitable for numerical control machine tool Active CN212020123U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020744892.7U CN212020123U (en) 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Multi-station continuous workpiece changing and machining device suitable for numerical control machine tool

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020744892.7U CN212020123U (en) 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Multi-station continuous workpiece changing and machining device suitable for numerical control machine tool

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114952318A (en) * 2022-07-29 2022-08-30 杭州纳志机器人科技有限公司 Automatic production line for turbine reduction gearbox body
CN115401224A (en) * 2022-06-01 2022-11-29 深圳市富士杰智能技术有限公司 Automatic upender numerical control lathe goes up blanking machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115401224A (en) * 2022-06-01 2022-11-29 深圳市富士杰智能技术有限公司 Automatic upender numerical control lathe goes up blanking machine
CN114952318A (en) * 2022-07-29 2022-08-30 杭州纳志机器人科技有限公司 Automatic production line for turbine reduction gearbox body

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