CN211733107U - Panel inspection classification system based on arm is used - Google Patents

Panel inspection classification system based on arm is used Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211733107U
CN211733107U CN201922496875.6U CN201922496875U CN211733107U CN 211733107 U CN211733107 U CN 211733107U CN 201922496875 U CN201922496875 U CN 201922496875U CN 211733107 U CN211733107 U CN 211733107U
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
mechanical arm
turnover
inspection
turning
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CN201922496875.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭晓宁
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Guangdong Yueshan New Material Technology Co.,Ltd.
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FOSHAN SANSHUI YUESHAN DECORATION INDUSTRIAL CO LTD
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Abstract

The utility model provides a plate material inspection and classification system based on mechanical arm application, which comprises a plate turnover mechanism for plate material turnover, a mechanical arm arranged on one side of the plate turnover mechanism, a suction plate frame arranged at the movable end of the mechanical arm, a plurality of plate material stacking frames arranged around the mechanical arm and a control device; the control device is electrically connected with the plate turning mechanism, the mechanical arm and the plate sucking frame. The automatic plate turning device comprises a plate turning mechanism, a plate feeding mechanism, a guide rail and a discharging device, wherein the plate turning mechanism is arranged on the plate feeding mechanism; the control device is connected with the material preparing platform, the material loading platform, the automatic plate loading mechanism and the discharging device. The utility model relates to a novelty is unique, and the practicality is strong, and degree of automation is high, utilizes the panel turnover mechanism to carry out the panel upset so that the staff carries out the panel surface inspection, and rethread arm and suction jig are pressed panel inspection grade to place on the panel piling bin automatically, realize turning over board, automatic classification automatically.

Description

Panel inspection classification system based on arm is used
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a panel processing equipment technical field, concretely relates to panel inspection classification system based on arm is used.
Background
The decorative board mainly comprises a block board, a plywood, a decorative panel and the like, and is mainly applied to furniture, doors and windows and the like. In the actual processing, the decorative plate is generally formed by the processes of dust removal, hot pressing, paper scraping and trimming, plate drying, plate inspection and the like. In the process of plate inspection, the plate needs to be turned over, and workers perform appearance inspection on two surfaces of the plate to visually inspect whether the surface of the plate is scratched or not. In order to reduce the workload of workers, a sheet inverting mechanism is used to invert a sheet for surface inspection. After the staff finishes the panel inspection, the staff need classify it according to panel inspection standard such as superior product, inferior product grade, and the panel is carried and is piled up to general manual work. However, the inspection and classification method has the disadvantages of high labor intensity, high manpower input and low working efficiency.
It is seen that improvements and enhancements to the prior art are needed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of the weak point of above-mentioned prior art, the utility model aims to provide a panel inspection classification system based on arm is used, the modern design is unique, and the practicality is strong, and degree of automation is high, can turn over board, automatic classification, and work efficiency is high to panel automatically.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical proposal:
a plate inspection and classification system based on mechanical arm application comprises a plate turnover mechanism used for overturning plates, a mechanical arm arranged on one side of the plate turnover mechanism, a plate suction frame arranged at the movable tail end of the mechanical arm, a plurality of plate stacking frames arranged around the mechanical arm and a control device; the control device is electrically connected with the plate turning mechanism, the mechanical arm and the plate sucking frame.
In the plate inspection and classification system based on the application of the mechanical arm, the plate turnover mechanism comprises a rack, a plurality of belt conveying parts which are horizontally arranged side by side and are arranged on the rack at intervals and are used for conveying plates, two rotating shafts which are horizontally arranged side by side and can rotate, a turnover rod which is arranged below the belt conveying parts and is used for turning over the plates, a driving mechanism used for driving the turnover rod to swing, and at least two supporting pieces which are used for supporting the plates and are arranged below the belt conveying parts side by side;
each rotating shaft is fixedly connected with at least two overturning rods positioned between the adjacent belt conveying components;
the two rotating shafts are arranged perpendicular to the conveying direction of the belt conveying component;
the supporting pieces are respectively arranged at two ends of the rotating shaft; each rotating shaft is correspondingly provided with a cam for driving the supporting piece to synchronously and vertically move.
In the plate inspection and classification system based on the application of the mechanical arm, the driving mechanism is a telescopic cylinder hinged to the rack; the telescopic cylinder is arranged below the turnover rod and hinged with the turnover rod.
In the plate inspection and classification system based on the application of the mechanical arm, the belt conveying component comprises a supporting square rod fixed on the rack, a driving roller and a driven roller which are respectively and rotatably arranged at two ends of the supporting square rod, a conveying belt wound on the driving roller and the driven roller, and a driving device for driving the driving roller to rotate.
In the plate inspection and classification system based on the application of the mechanical arm, two limiting blocks which are in sliding connection with two side surfaces of the supporting piece are correspondingly and fixedly arranged on the side surface of the supporting square rod; the rotating shaft is rotatably arranged on the supporting square rod.
In the plate inspection and classification system based on the application of the mechanical arm, the plate turnover mechanism is also provided with two groups of positioning mechanisms which are arranged on the outer side of the belt conveying part and used for centering plates; the rear side of the plate turnover mechanism is provided with at least two baffle plates and a position detector connected with the control device; the positioning mechanism is arranged on the front side of the baffle; the positioning mechanism comprises a positioning wheel and a positioning rod which is rotatably connected with the positioning wheel and is vertically arranged; the positioning rod is movable in a horizontal direction perpendicular to a conveying direction of the belt conveying member.
In the plate inspection and classification system based on the application of the mechanical arm, the supporting piece is provided with a square hole which is abutted with the cams of the two rotating shafts; the top surface of the support member is horizontal.
In the plate inspection and classification system based on the application of the mechanical arm, the top surface of the turnover rod is provided with a plurality of supporting blocks which are in contact with the surface of a plate.
The plate inspection and classification system based on the mechanical arm application further comprises a material preparation table, a material loading table and an automatic plate loading mechanism, wherein the material loading table is arranged at the outlet end of the material preparation table and is positioned on one side of the plate turnover mechanism; and the control device is electrically connected to the material preparation platform, the material loading platform and the automatic plate loading mechanism.
The plate inspection and classification system based on the application of the mechanical arm further comprises a guide rail and a discharging device which is arranged on the guide rail and can move along the guide rail; the discharging device is arranged on one side of the mechanical arm; the control device is electrically connected to the discharging device.
Has the advantages that:
the utility model provides a panel inspection classification system based on arm is used, the modern design is unique, and the practicality is strong, and degree of automation is high, can carry out automation to panel and turn over board, automatic classification, and work efficiency is high.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model provides a panel inspection classification system and preparation platform, automatic board loading mechanism's structure stereogram based on arm is used.
Figure 2 is the utility model provides a panel inspection sortation system and top view of prepareeing material platform based on arm is used.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the structure of the plate inspecting and sorting system based on the application of the mechanical arm.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the structure of the plate turnover mechanism in the plate inspection and classification system based on the application of the mechanical arm.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a belt conveying part in the flap mechanism provided in fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a turning rod in the flap mechanism provided in fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a supporting member in the flap mechanism provided in fig. 4.
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the positioning mechanism in the flap mechanism provided in fig. 4.
Detailed Description
The utility model provides a panel inspection classification system based on arm is used, for making the utility model discloses a purpose, technical scheme and effect are clearer, make clear and definite, and it is right that the following refers to the drawing and the embodiment is lifted the utility model discloses further detailed description. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the invention.
Referring to fig. 3, the present invention provides a plate inspecting and sorting system based on a robot arm application, which includes a plate turning mechanism 100 for turning a plate 3, a robot arm 400 disposed at one side of the plate turning mechanism 100, a plate sucking frame 500 disposed at a movable end of the robot arm 400, a plurality of plate stacking frames 600 disposed around the robot arm 400, and a control device (not shown in the figure); the control device is electrically connected with the plate turnover mechanism 100, the mechanical arm 400 and the plate suction frame 500.
When a plate is placed on the plate turnover mechanism 100, a worker inspects the upper surface of the plate beside the plate turnover mechanism 100, and then inputs a command to the control device to control the plate turnover mechanism 100 to automatically turn over the plate, so that the worker can inspect the other surface of the plate conveniently.
And after the plate is inspected, classifying the plate by a worker according to a plate inspection standard. A plurality of sheet stacking racks 600 are disposed around the robot 400, and in this embodiment, four sheet stacking racks are disposed to provide sorted stacking positions for a, B, C, and D sheets. If the plate belongs to a type A (high-quality) plate, the mechanical arm 400 is controlled by the control device to drive the sucking plate frame 500 to work, so that the sucking plate frame 500 sucks the plate on the plate turnover mechanism by using a vacuum adsorption technology and places the plate on the corresponding plate stacking rack 600, plate classification is realized, the labor input is greatly reduced, the work efficiency is improved, and the plates are stacked orderly.
Of course, three plate stacking racks for stacking superior, intermediate and inferior plates may be provided.
The control device can be a PLC control system and is used for coordinating and controlling the mechanical arm, the sucking plate frame and the plate turnover mechanism to work.
The robot arm 400 may be an RMD160 palletizing robot manufactured by guangzhou numerical control equipment ltd, widely used for tasks such as palletizing, carrying and the like in the fields of packaging, beverages, chemical industry, food and the like, and may also be a six-axis robot arm. The suction plate holder 500 is composed of a frame fixedly connected to the movable end of the robot arm 400 and a plurality of vacuum chucks provided on the frame, such as a vacuum chuck device disclosed in patent application No. 201811012518.1. Since the panel turnover mechanism 100 conveys the panel to the fixed position after the staff completes the inspection of the panel, the mechanical arm 400 facilitates the driving of the suction plate frame 500 to perform vacuum adsorption on the panel moved to the fixed position.
When the mechanical arm is used for stacking the plates, the X, Y coordinate value is kept unchanged, and then the height is adjusted according to the stacking quantity of the plates on the plate stacking rack, so that each plate can be stacked orderly.
The lower part of the plate stacking rack 600 is provided with support legs, so that a forklift can lift the plate stacking rack by using a fork of the forklift after plates are stacked, and the classified plates are conveyed.
Further, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the plate inspecting and sorting system further includes a material preparing table 200, a material loading table 900 disposed at an outlet end of the material preparing table 200 and located at one side of the plate turnover mechanism 100, and an automatic plate loading mechanism 300 disposed above the material loading table 900; the control device is electrically connected to the material preparing table 200, the material loading table 900 and the automatic plate loading mechanism 300.
The material preparing table 200 and the material loading table 300 are both roller conveyors, and are provided with position detectors such as proximity switches disposed at the outlet ends of the material preparing table and the material loading table to detect that the plate is moved in place and send signals to the control device, and the control device controls the roller conveyors to work or stop conveying so that the plate is stopped on the material loading table or the material preparing table. The material preparing table 200 can be butted with other conveying mechanisms, so that the plate is transferred to the material preparing table through other conveying mechanisms to wait for the treatment of the plate inspection process. Of course, the material preparation table can also transfer the plates with a forklift, and the structure of the material preparation table is as a feeding table in 'a veneer production line applying intelligent RGV' with the patent application number of 201811340445.9.
The plates are conveyed to the material preparing table 200 after being processed by working procedures such as hot pressing and the like, and if the material feeding table is in an empty state (namely, no plate exists), the control device controls the material preparing table to work and conveys the stacked plates to the material feeding table; the automatic plate feeding mechanism 300 then sucks and transfers the plate material of the feeding table onto the plate turnover mechanism 100 under the operation of the control device.
The automatic plate feeding mechanism 300 includes a plate feeding frame with a suction cup, a driving mechanism for driving the plate feeding frame to vertically move, and a driving device for driving the plate feeding frame to horizontally move, and can perform vacuum adsorption on a plate stacked on the material feeding table 900 and move the plate to the plate turnover mechanism 100. The automatic plate feeding mechanism can adopt an automatic plate feeding device in a one-step forming plate production line which can automatically feed and discharge according to the patent application number of 201420798336.2.
Of course, the automatic plate feeding mechanism 300 can directly place the plate on the position of the turning plate of the plate turning mechanism 100, and after the worker checks the upper surface of the plate, the plate turning mechanism 100 can be controlled to work to directly turn the plate.
Through setting up automatic board feeding mechanism, stock preparation platform and material loading platform, be favorable to forming a mechanical automation assembly line with hot press, the board line that dries in the air etc. reduces intensity of labour, reduces the human input, promotes the work efficiency greatly.
Further, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the plate material inspecting and sorting system further includes a guide rail 800, and a discharging device 700 disposed on the guide rail 800 and capable of moving along the guide rail 800; the discharging device 700 is arranged on one side of the mechanical arm 400; the control device is electrically connected to the discharging device 700. The discharging device 700 is a roller conveyor, a roller shaft and rollers which are arranged at two ends of the roller shaft and can be slidably connected to the guide rail 800 are arranged below the roller conveyor, a motor for driving the rollers to rotate is further arranged, the motor works, the roller shaft is driven to rotate through a chain, and then the discharging device can be driven by the rollers to drive plates to move along the guide rail 800.
After finishing the inspection and classification of the plates, the mechanical arm can be controlled to transfer the classified plates to the discharging device, and the discharging device conveys the plates to the next procedure or enters a warehouse. Of course, the rollers and the guide rails may be disposed below the sheet stacking rack 600, and when the sheet stacking rack is full of sheets, the sheet stacking rack moves along the guide rails to convey the sorted sheets.
In the prior art, when a sheet material is turned over, a conveying belt of some sheet material turning mechanisms is elongated or even separated due to the downward pressure exerted by the corners of the sheet material, so that the service life of the sheet material turning mechanisms is shortened. Therefore, the utility model discloses still make the structural improvement to the structure of turning over the board mechanism.
As shown in fig. 4, 6, and 7, the plate turnover mechanism 100 includes a frame 1, a plurality of belt conveying components 2 horizontally arranged side by side and spaced on the frame 1 for conveying the plate 3, a rotating shaft 46 and a rotating shaft 56 horizontally arranged side by side and rotatable, a turnover rod 4 and a turnover rod 5 arranged below the belt conveying components 2 and used for turning over the plate 3, a driving mechanism for driving the turnover rod 4 and the turnover rod 5 to swing clockwise and counterclockwise, and at least two supporting members 6 arranged below the belt conveying components 2 and side by side for supporting the plate 3.
The rotating shaft 45 is fixedly connected with at least two turnover rods 4 positioned between the adjacent belt conveying parts 2; the rotating shaft 55 is fixedly connected with at least two turning rods 5 positioned between the adjacent belt conveying parts 2. In the present embodiment, a total of three turning levers are provided on the rotating shaft 45, and a total of three turning levers are provided on the rotating shaft 55.
The rotating shaft 45 and the rotating shaft 55 are both horizontally arranged perpendicular to the conveying direction of the belt conveying component 2.
The supporting piece 6 is respectively arranged at two ends of the rotating shaft 45 and the rotating shaft 55; the rotating shaft 45 is correspondingly and fixedly provided with a cam 46 for driving the two supporting pieces 6 to synchronously and vertically move, and similarly, the rotating shaft 55 is correspondingly and fixedly provided with a cam 56 for driving the two supporting pieces 6 to synchronously and vertically move.
The conveying direction of the belt conveying part is used as the front and back direction, the feeding table 900 and the discharging device 700 can be arranged on the left side or the right side of the plate turnover mechanism 100, the mechanical arm 400 can be arranged on the rear side of the plate turnover mechanism, and when plates are conveyed to the rear side of the plate turnover mechanism by the belt conveying part, the mechanical arm can transfer the plates to the plate stacking rack conveniently.
As shown in fig. 4 and 6, specifically, the driving mechanism is a telescopic cylinder 43 and a telescopic cylinder 53 hinged to the frame 1; the telescopic cylinder 43 is arranged below the turnover rod 4 and hinged with the turnover rod 4. The telescopic cylinder 53 is arranged below the turnover rod 5 and hinged with the turnover rod 5.
In this embodiment, the cylinder body of the telescopic cylinder 43 is hinged to a mounting seat 44, the mounting seat 44 is fixed to the frame 1 by bolts, a connecting part is fixed to the bottom surface of the turnover rod 4 by bolts or welding, and the piston rod of the telescopic cylinder 43 is hinged to the connecting part. Similarly, the cylinder body of the telescopic cylinder 53 is hinged with a mounting seat 54, the mounting seat 54 is fixed on the frame 1 through bolts, the bottom surface of the turnover rod 5 is fixed with a connecting part through bolts or welding, and the piston rod of the telescopic cylinder 53 is hinged with the connecting part.
The right end of the turning rod 4 is fixed to the rotating shaft 45, and the turning rod 4 can rotate around the rotating shaft 45 when the telescopic cylinder 43 works. Similarly, the left end of the turning lever 5 is fixed to the rotating shaft 55, and the turning lever 5 is rotatable around the rotating shaft 55 when the telescopic cylinder 53 is operated.
As shown in fig. 1, 4, 5, and 8, the plate turnover mechanism 100 is further provided with two sets of positioning mechanisms 8 located outside the belt conveying component 2 and used for centering the plate; the rear side of the plate turnover mechanism 100 is provided with at least two baffle plates 11 and a position detector (not shown in the figure), and the front side surface of the baffle plate 11 is provided with a cushion pad 12 which can be contacted with the rear side surface of the plate 3; the positioning mechanism 8 is located on the front side of the baffle plate 11.
The positioning mechanism 8 comprises a positioning wheel 81 and a positioning rod 82 which is rotatably connected with the positioning wheel 81 and is vertically arranged; the positioning rod 82 is movable in a horizontal direction perpendicular to the conveying direction of the belt conveying member 2. Specifically, the bottom of the positioning rod 82 is fixed to the slide 84; the plate turnover mechanism 100 is provided with a positioning telescopic cylinder 85, a piston rod of the positioning telescopic cylinder 85 is connected to the sliding seat 84, and the sliding seat 84 is connected to the sliding rail 83 in a sliding manner.
After the plate inspection is finished, the plate 3 moves backwards under the working of the belt conveying component 2 until the back side surface of the plate 3 is contacted with the front side surface of the cushion pad 12, at the moment, if the position detector detects that the plate moves in place as detected by the photoelectric proximity switch, a signal is sent to the control device, and the control device controls the belt conveying component 2 to stop working, so that the plate stops moving. Then the positioning mechanism 8 starts to work, the piston rod of the positioning telescopic cylinder 85 retracts to drive the sliding seat 84 to horizontally move along the sliding rail 83, the positioning wheel 81 is driven to draw close from the outer side of the belt conveying component 2 to the middle, the plate is pushed to be positioned and centered, so that the mechanical arm 400 drives the plate sucking frame 500 to suck the plate and accurately place the plate on the plate stacking frame 600, and therefore the effect of stacking, aligning and aligning the plates can be achieved.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the belt conveying component 2 specifically includes a supporting square bar 21 fixed to the frame 1, a driving roller 23 and a driven roller 22 rotatably disposed at two ends of the supporting square bar 21 respectively through bearing seats, a conveying belt (not shown) wound around the driving roller 23 and the driven roller 22, and a driving device for driving the driving roller 23 to rotate. In this embodiment, four belt conveying members 2 are fixedly connected to the frame 1 by welding or bolts, and are disposed at regular intervals.
In particular, the driving device is a driving motor 26 fixed to the frame 1 and located below the supporting square bar 21. The driving rollers 23 are fixedly connected with a transmission shaft 24, and the driving motor 26 is in power connection with the transmission shaft 24.
In the present embodiment, one end of the transmission shaft 24 is provided with a driven pulley 25, correspondingly, the output shaft of the driving motor 26 is provided with a driving pulley 27, and at least one transmission belt (not shown in the figure) is provided between the driving pulley 27 and the driven pulley 25. Under the operation of the driving motor 26, the rotation of the transmission shaft 24 is realized through the power transmission of the driving pulley, the transmission belt and the driven pulley, so as to drive the driving roller to rotate simultaneously, and the conveying belt conveys the plate.
As shown in fig. 4 and 6, the rotating shafts 46 and 56 are rotatably mounted on the supporting square bar 21 via bearing seats. In this embodiment, all the supporting square bars 21 are provided with openings suitable for the rotating shafts 46 and 56 to penetrate through, and two bearing seats rotatably connected with the rotating shafts 46 and 56 are respectively fixed on the outer side surfaces of the supporting square bars 21 on the two sides of the frame 1 through bolts.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, specifically, a limit block 71 and a limit block 72 slidably connected to two side surfaces of the support member 6 are correspondingly and fixedly disposed on a side surface of the support square bar 21. By arranging the stop block 71 and the stop block 72, the support member 6 is moved in the height direction of the stop block 71 and the stop block 72 under the action of the cam 46 or the cam 56, and does not move transversely.
In this embodiment, the stoppers 71 and 72 have an L-shaped cross section and are fixed to the inner side surfaces of the support square bars 21 by welding. The inner wall surfaces of the stopper 71 and the stopper 72 contact the side surface and the surface of the support 6 and can slide relative to each other.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, specifically, the support 6 is respectively provided with a square hole 61 contacting with the cam 46 of the rotating shaft 45 and a square hole 62 contacting with the cam 56 of the rotating shaft 55; the top surface of the support member 6 is horizontal to support the corners of the sheet material when turned.
In this embodiment, the supporting members 6 are square plates, and two supporting members 6 are provided and respectively disposed on the inner side surfaces of the supporting square bars 21 located on both sides of the rack 1, and of course, more than three supporting members may be provided on the side surfaces of the supporting square bars as needed.
As shown in fig. 4 and 6, in particular, the turning bar 4 is provided at its top surface with a plurality of supporting blocks 42 contacting the surface of the panel. The top surface of the turnover rod 5 is provided with a plurality of supporting blocks 52 which are contacted with the surface of the plate material. Specifically, the supporting blocks 42 and 52 are both circular truncated cone-shaped and are respectively and uniformly arranged along the length direction of the turning rod 4 and the turning rod 5. The support blocks 42 and 52 are made of a rubber material. The turning rods 4 fixedly connected to the rotating shaft 45 and the turning rods 5 fixedly connected to the rotating shaft 55 are symmetrically arranged about a vertical plane, and the turning rods 4 fixedly connected to the rotating shaft 45 and the turning rods 5 fixedly connected to the rotating shaft 55 are in one-to-one correspondence and coplanar.
In this embodiment, the supporting block 42 and the supporting block 52, which are made of rubber and have a circular truncated cone shape, are respectively provided with a connecting hole corresponding to the middle portion thereof, and the connecting holes are adapted to be connected with the turning rod 4 and the turning rod 5 by screws. The turning bar 4 is a square bar 41, and the turning bar 5 is a square bar 51. Of course, other shapes of the shaft such as a round shaft may be used.
As shown in fig. 4, fig. 6 and fig. 7, the working principle of the present invention is as follows: the direction in which the sheet material moves from the reversing lever 4 to the reversing lever 5 is assumed to be the conveying direction. When panel moves under belt conveyor means 2's transport, when arriving upset pole 4 top, just launch telescopic cylinder 53, order about upset pole 5 anticlockwise rotation, at this moment, support piece 6 shifts up because of cam 56's effect, carry out the lifting and keep away from conveyor belt to panel, then launch telescopic cylinder 43, order about upset pole 4 clockwise turning, thereby make supporting shoe 42 on upset pole 4 and the supporting shoe 52 on the upset pole 5 contact with two surfaces of panel respectively, upset pole 5 clockwise swing under telescopic cylinder 53's work afterwards, and upset pole 4 continues clockwise turning, slowly turn up panel, then steadily press from both sides panel and overturn.
When the rotating shafts 45 and 55 rotate, the cams 46 and 56 rotate along with the rotating shafts, and the cams are in contact with the inner wall surfaces of the square holes 61 and the square holes 62 of the supporting member 6, so that the supporting member 6 is driven to move up from the lower part of the conveying belt of the belt conveying component 2 to the upper part of the conveying belt, a supporting effect is provided for the bottom (the lowermost corner) of the overturned plate, the conveying belt is prevented from being cut due to the downward pressing effect of the conveying belt, and the service life of the conveying belt is prolonged.
When the turnover rod 5 swings to the lower part of the conveying belt, the conveying belt supports the plate, and then the turnover rod 4 rotates anticlockwise to enable the belt conveying component 2 to continue conveying the plate.
When the turning bar 4 and the turning bar 5 are under the conveyor belt, the support 6 is under the conveyor belt. And when the turnover rod 4 or the turnover rod 5 rotates clockwise or counterclockwise to enable the turnover rod to be higher than the conveying plane of the conveying belt, the top surface of the supporting piece 6 is always higher than the conveying plane of the conveying belt to lift the plate, and the two supporting pieces 6 positioned on the two sides of the rack 1 are always lifted synchronously.
In addition, for the purpose of automatic control, when the automatic plate feeding mechanism 300 does not place the plate material at the turning position of the plate turnover mechanism 100, a position detector such as an electro-optical proximity switch may be provided between the rotating shaft 55 and the rotating shaft 45, which is located below the conveyor belt, and the electro-optical proximity switch is connected to the control device. The control device is electrically connected to the telescopic cylinder 43, the telescopic cylinder 53 and the belt conveying member 2.
When the photoelectric proximity switch detects that the plate moves in place, the control device controls the belt conveying part 2 to stop working according to a signal of the photoelectric proximity switch, and controls the telescopic cylinder 53 and the telescopic cylinder 43 to work, so that the turnover rod 4 and the turnover rod 5 clamp the plate to turn over safely and stably.
The operation of the telescopic air cylinder 43 and the telescopic air cylinder 53 is precisely controlled by the control device, and when the telescopic air cylinder 43 and the telescopic air cylinder 53 return to the original positions, the belt conveying part 2 continues to convey the plates under the control of the control device.
To sum up, the utility model provides a panel inspection classification system based on arm is used, the modern design is unique, and the practicality is strong, and degree of automation is high, can turn over board, automatic classification to panel automatically, and work efficiency is high.
In addition the utility model discloses still have practical stable, long service life's characteristics, effectively avoid belt conveyor parts's conveyor belt to be cut off because of the corner of panel when the upset.
The utility model discloses a panel two surfaces are pressed from both sides to the upset is carried out fast and stably to the upset, protects panel in order to avoid the damage. Meanwhile, when the turnover rod swings, the cam on the rotating shaft can drive the supporting piece to move upwards to support the bottom (corner) of the plate, so that the situation that the conveying belt of the belt conveying component is cut off due to the downward pressure exerted by the corner of the plate when the plate is turned is avoided, the conveying belt is effectively protected, and the service life is prolonged.
It should be understood that equivalent alterations and modifications can be made by those skilled in the art according to the technical solution of the present invention and the inventive concept thereof, and all such alterations and modifications should fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. A plate inspection and classification system based on mechanical arm application is characterized by comprising a plate turning mechanism for turning plates, a mechanical arm arranged on one side of the plate turning mechanism, a plate sucking frame arranged at the movable tail end of the mechanical arm, a plurality of plate stacking frames arranged around the mechanical arm and a control device; the control device is electrically connected with the plate turning mechanism, the mechanical arm and the plate sucking frame.
2. The board inspection and classification system based on the mechanical arm application as claimed in claim 1, wherein the board turnover mechanism comprises a frame, a plurality of belt conveying components arranged horizontally side by side and at intervals on the frame for conveying the board, two rotating shafts arranged horizontally side by side and capable of rotating, a turnover rod arranged below the belt conveying components for turning over the board, a driving mechanism for driving the turnover rod to swing, and at least two supporting pieces arranged below the belt conveying components side by side for supporting the board; each rotating shaft is fixedly connected with at least two overturning rods positioned between the adjacent belt conveying components;
the two rotating shafts are arranged perpendicular to the conveying direction of the belt conveying component;
the supporting pieces are respectively arranged at two ends of the rotating shaft; each rotating shaft is correspondingly provided with a cam for driving the supporting piece to synchronously and vertically move.
3. The mechanical arm application based panel inspection and sorting system of claim 2, wherein the driving mechanism is a telescopic cylinder hinged to the frame; the telescopic cylinder is arranged below the turnover rod and hinged with the turnover rod.
4. The system for inspecting and sorting plate materials based on the application of the mechanical arm as claimed in claim 2, wherein the belt conveying component comprises a supporting square bar fixed on the frame, a driving roller and a driven roller respectively rotatably arranged at two ends of the supporting square bar, a conveying belt wound around the driving roller and the driven roller, and a driving device for driving the driving roller to rotate.
5. The system for inspecting and classifying sheet materials based on the application of the mechanical arm as claimed in claim 4, wherein two limiting blocks slidably connected with two side surfaces of the supporting piece are correspondingly and fixedly arranged on the side surfaces of the supporting square rods; the rotating shaft is rotatably arranged on the supporting square rod.
6. The mechanical arm application based plate material inspection and classification system as claimed in claim 2, wherein the plate turnover mechanism is further provided with two sets of positioning mechanisms which are arranged outside the belt conveying component and used for centering the plate material; the rear side of the plate turnover mechanism is provided with at least two baffle plates and a position detector connected with the control device; the positioning mechanism is arranged on the front side of the baffle; the positioning mechanism comprises a positioning wheel and a positioning rod which is rotatably connected with the positioning wheel and is vertically arranged; the positioning rod is movable in a horizontal direction perpendicular to a conveying direction of the belt conveying member.
7. The mechanical arm application based panel inspection and classification system of claim 2, wherein the support member is provided with a square hole abutting against the cams of the two rotating shafts; the top surface of the support member is horizontal.
8. The mechanical arm application based sheet material inspection and sorting system of claim 2 wherein said flip bar top surface is provided with a plurality of support blocks in contact with the sheet material surface.
9. The mechanical arm application based plate material inspection and classification system as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a material preparation table, a material loading table arranged at an outlet end of the material preparation table and located at one side of the plate turnover mechanism, and an automatic plate loading mechanism arranged above the material loading table; and the control device is electrically connected to the material preparation platform, the material loading platform and the automatic plate loading mechanism.
10. The system for inspecting and sorting plates based on the application of the mechanical arm as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, further comprising a guide rail, and a discharging device arranged on the guide rail and capable of moving along the guide rail; the discharging device is arranged on one side of the mechanical arm; the control device is electrically connected to the discharging device.
CN201922496875.6U 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Panel inspection classification system based on arm is used Active CN211733107U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112461186A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-03-09 安徽锦希自动化科技有限公司 Panel roughness measurement mechanism based on automated production

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112461186A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-03-09 安徽锦希自动化科技有限公司 Panel roughness measurement mechanism based on automated production
CN112461186B (en) * 2020-11-11 2022-08-05 安徽锦希自动化科技有限公司 Panel roughness measurement mechanism based on automated production

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